Cults are based around the blind obedience of their followers and the authority of their leader, with individuality stripped away in favor of assimilation. However, not every member of a cult is quite as brainwashed as the others, and the ones who are brave enough will often try to run for it or actively oppose their oppressors.
This can have varied results. Unlucky defectors will be caught and either killed or otherwise punished for their attempted rebellion. Those who manage to escape may still need to change their identity or location just to be safe, though some will try and rescue some others who couldn't escape in time. To the cult they left, they may become known as a famous traitor, get erased from the cult's history, or be tracked down by the authorities. Living after the escape typically involves a lot of fear and caution, especially as they've turned against something they've been conditioned to see as right, and will generally be Not Used to Freedom. At times, this may be a character's Dark and Troubled Past.
This doesn't have to happen with actual cults, and characters escaping from cult-like groups can apply here as well. The important part is that a character at least attempts to escape from an oppressive, brainwashing group.
Compare Defector from Decadence.
No Real Life Examples, Please! This sort of thing is a sensitive subject, one that need not be discussed on TV Tropes.
Beware of unmarked spoilers!
- The first mission as the new Agent J in the first volume of Men in Black was to introduce into a new kind of drug, the Bezerk, which developed a cult around it. J has the mission of going undercover in this cult, being used by K as a Guinea Pig, rescuing J before he died and annihilating all the cult.
- Talon: The Court of Owls has spent generations corrupting young boys into being their enforcers (known as Talon's) while perpetrating their shadowy rule over Gotham City. Calvin Rose (fittingly enough, an escape artist) is the first one to ever break away from them, and has been on the run ever since. Another Talon, Nathaniel O'Malley, provides him some covert support by not challenging him, but never actively turns on the Court. Birds of Prey has a second Talon, Mary Walker/Strix also break free of the court, while two more (Ephraim Newhouse and Xiao Loong) struggle against the cult but still end up dying in its service during Night of the Owls.
- Bad Times at the El Royale: Emily took her sister Rose ran away form Billy Lee's cult (who are in hot pursuit of them throughout the film) because Billy Lee was molesting Rose and turning her into a killer.
- Lord of Illusions: Swann, Jennifer, Quaid and Pimm all abandoned the cult of self-proclaimed Dark Messiah and magic user Fletcher Nix prior to the start of the movie, being creeped out by his displays of magic (while the rest of the cult became entranced by it). The movie begins with them coming back, but only to save the life of a child Nix is preparing to make into a Human Sacrifice, and to kill Nix.
- ''Midnight Special: Roy, the main character, his ex-wife Sarah and their associate Elden all left "The Ranch" a religious-themed cult (who have believe that Roy's son, a child with apparently alien powers, is a divine prophet), prior to the movie, partially due to the leader of the ranch taking Roy's son from him. At the beginning of the movie, Roy has spirited away his son from the Ranch and is on the run from both them and the police.
- Once Upon a Time in Hollywood: While it's unclear if she's abandoning Manson's cult itself, the climax has Flower Child running out on the other cult assassins rather than take part in their murder scheme.
- Played for Laughs in Road Trip. The "Where Are They Now?" Epilogue mentions that Jacob started up a cult, and then convinced everyone to agree to a Suicide Pact. After he committed suicide by poisoning though, everyone else thought about it some more, changed their minds and just walked off.
- Guardians of Ga'Hoole: Soren and Gylfie meet when they're both taken to an Orphanage of Fear known as "St. Aggies", where young owls spend their time being brainwashed and assimilated. Each night, they attempted to resist but were caught and subjected to a stronger form of the regular brainwashing. However, through reciting legends about the mythical GaHoole, they were able to resist that brainwashing, too. Though they were able to escape by learning to fly, they were chased down by a patrol and the two other owls who weren't being brainwashed, Hortense and Grimble, were both caught and killed for their troubles.
- In the John Carter of Mars series, Xodar is first introduced as one of the many members of the Cult of Issus. After falling out of favor with his people, he is shown the true face of Issus - that of a hideous old woman - and decides to forsake the cult forever, joining John Carter and Carthoris in their efforts to escape.
- In Banana Yoshimoto's Lake Nakajima was kidnapped as a child by an Aum Shinrinkyo-like cult until he escaped several years later. His mother's quest to get him back made national news, and he still bears the emotional scars from his time there.
- Winston Smith and Julia in Nineteen Eighty-Four both resist the totalitarian cult of the Party and Big Brother, but after his imprisonment and torture, Winston comes to love Big Brother.
- The Stand: After Randall Flagg becomes the Dark Messiah of Las Vegas, his Reign of Terror and the strength of his enemies are gradually mentioned as driving some people away even as others worship him more reverently. This even extends to four of his main lieutenants, who eventually grow creeped out by his actions and plot to flee to South America, although at least two of them hadn't left yet by the climax arrives, with one trying to stop Flagg's execution of the heroes, and the other cowering in the back ground and then being blown up with everyone else still in the city.
- Station Eleven: It's mentioned in passing that many of the younger members of The Traveling Symphony (including some major characters) were members of various doomsday cults in the years after The Plague before breaking away from them and joining the acting troupe. In the main story, one of the Prophet's followers is clearly upset by most of what they do and ultimately kills the Prophet to project Kirsten and her friends.
- In the Venus Prime series, Sparta grew up in the Free Spirit, a transhumanist cult that believed her to be The Chosen One. She later got free and spends the first half of the series fighting to wipe out the Free Spirit's operatives.
- Castle: The murdered rock star from the episode Swan Song is eventually revealed to have been one of these (something the cult leader took very personally, having felt that he was Like a Son to Me) and two other runaway members of the cult (neither of whom have anything good to say about its practices or its leader) appear later in the episode, one of them providing general information to the detectives, and the other having only recently been rescued from it by the murder victim, and been lying low as a roadie in his band.
- Criminal Minds:
- The episode "Minimal Losses" has a member of a Waco-like cult getting disgruntled with their mothods and having phoned in a tip about child abuse which drew in the authorities, later trying to help the captured law enforcement members.
- The two victims from "The Forever People" were killed for trying to leave a cult that preached surviving a prophesied apocalypse by making it's members Human Popsicle's.
- One Law & Order: Special Victims Unit episode featured a religious-themed cult led by Eugene Hoff, a pedophile with delusions of grandeur, with most of his followers dying due to a murder-suicide pact when the police investigate Hoff for impregnating an eleven-year-old girl. During the investigation, the detectives speak with a family who'd left Hoff's "Church" several years earlier, when he was first starting out, due to catching him in their daughters room with his pants down.
- In The Mentalist The cult/church Visualize has quite a few members who left it shown over the course of the show and provide information about it whenever the cult and its members are being investigated over a Mystery of the Week.
- Gabriel Meadows left after the death of his parents and became a journalist dedicated to discrediting Visualize, with the ending of the episode implying his younger sister may leave as well.
- Randall Parker, a founding member of the cult, left after the death of their original leader, and will tell anyone who visits him how he thinks the man was murdered by current Visualize leader Bret Stiles.
- Lucy Joel, who appears in the cult's second episode, is a member who left for unspecified reasons and lives in fear of them, noting how members are constantly urged to make Confession Cam's every week for spiritual release, and those recordings are kept to blackmail anyone who leaves for airing the groups dirty laundry.
- Peter DiBuono, a member who became a Catholic priest describes his stint with Visualize in the 1970's as a confused, messed up part of his life.
- In NUMB3RS CBI Agent Willons from the episode "Nine Wives" was a cult member for her teenage years and while the cult she was part of isn't featured, she plays a role in dealing with people from another cult being investigated for stuatory rape and bigamy.
- In Orange Is the New Black, Velma inverts this by being the only person who does not leave her cult, because she is so shy and afraid of the world, and being in the cult makes her feel safe and special. When the cult leader/her husband berates her, that the whole cult was a lie and that she only stays because shes weak, she responds by pushing him over a cliff and uttering her only words in the entire series.
- The Outer Limits (1995): In A New Life the plot follows a mysterious preacher whose convinced people tired tf modern life to retreat into the wilderness with him for faith and service. One villager, Jacob, ran away from the group years ago and has been hiding in caves away from the community due to missing civilization and then finding there was no way back. The main character Daniel also tries to run away with his wife and son after witnessing Their leader shift into his true alien form (he's gathering people to mold into a Slave Race), and is later able to convince his friend Thomas that there's something wrong with the cult after being captured. Unfortunately, none of the four get away, and The Bad Guy Wins.
- In one Portlandia, the two characters accidentally join a cult after visiting the farm that provided their organic chicken. After living there happily for several years, they randomly decide to leave. This is played completely for laughs.
- The second season of The Sinner opens with an attempt to rescue a young boy from a cult. The effort goes horribly, horribly wrong, resulting in a double homicide.
- Kimmy Schmidt of Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt escaped from a guru who made her and two other women fear the End of Times.
- Arkham Horror: Diana Stanley "the Redeemed Cultist" joined the Silver Twilight Lodge to fit into Arkham social life, learned just how horrific their Inner Sanctum rituals really are, and now seeks desperately to atone for her part in them. Her personal story has her become an effective Reverse Mole and feed information on the Lodge to the police. Also fits with her story in Eldritch Horror
- In The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion, the Mythic Dawn Apocalypse Cult member Eldamil does this posthumously in the Artificial Afterlife that their leader Mankar Camoran built with a Daedric Prince's patronage. Realizing that they were being used and their "Paradise" is a trap, he helps the Player Character find and kill Camoran.
- Far Cry 4: Ishwari, the Player Character's mother, was a "Living Goddess" avatar of Kyrat's patron deity and a co-founder of the Golden Path religious movement/La Résistance with her husband. When she realized that her husband was every bit as brutal as the dictator they had sworn to depose, she left for America with their young son.
- Tweak Kirby is heavily implied to be this in Far Cry 5 as he has a deep amount of knowledge about Jacob's cult, has a room filled with writings about how their untrustworthy liars, and is the son of a former cult member whose actions he feels a need to atone for. While never outright stated, all of this implies that he may have been part of the cult himself once, but broken away when he was young.
- In World of Warcraft the Nerubians are a subspecies of the Aqir, vaguely insectoid beings formed from the essence of the Old Gods, who collectively abandoned worship of their creators. It's exceptionally rare for anything tainted by the Old Gods to escape their control without outside help, and as the Nerubians are extremely Out of Focus has not been explored beyond a non-canonical source mentioning they concluded worshipping them made as much sense as a "fly worshipping a spider". They still hate other species, they're just not doing it for themselves now.
- Cosmic Dash: Orthos Kabalos is heavily implied to be a former member of the Cult of Y'tun Sargon who left after the cult killed his wife. Now he leads the task force investigating them.
- The Mirror: The members of the cult known as "The Mirror" are, at first, obedient and happy to serve their leader, Curtis. However, in "Lesson 28: Water", the main trio of followers have to chase down a fourth child as he tries to make a break for it. This follower is not seen by the next video, and his fate is unknown to the audience. By the last episode, the three followers themselves are missing, with the implication being that they lost faith and defected as well.
- Don't Hug Me I'm Scared: After being subjected to four abusive lessons by some unhelpful "teachers" on their television show, the Red Guy is gone from the group by video 5. Despite being gone from the show, he was still on set attempting to help his friends escape as well. Duck Guy tried to leave, but was killed before he could, and video 6 shows that Red Guy is still badly affected by his time on set and finds himself unable to function in the normal world, which appears to have taken the "lessons" to heart- everyone is exactly the same, and Red Guy gets rejected when trying to be creative with the song from video 1 (although this might actually be a flashback to before the show began).
- My Dad's Tapes: One of the videos centered around interviewing a woman who had escaped from the actual Church of Happyology...
- The Alternate Reality Game Spectacular Organic involves a health-food company serving as the front for a cult. Doug Horry, an ex-member of the organization, had been "excommunicated" after trying to learn about the cult, and spends his time on the run while trying to help players uncover the secrets of Spectacular Organic.
- The Justice League Unlimited episode "The Ties That Bind" (which provides the page quote) shows how Mr. Miracle resisted throughout his childhood the cultish control Granny Goodness had over the children of Apokolips and even broke the hold the cult had over Big Barda, who Miracle later marries. When Mr. Miracle returns to Apokolips to "rescue" Kalibak and escapes once again, Granny is bewildered that Miracle withstood her years of torture and attempted brainwashing.
Granny Goodness: How? Granny never failed with any of them. How did I fail with him?
- In the Rocko's Modern Life episode "Schnit-Heads", Heffer joins a cult that is obsessed with eating sausages. After he gets tired of eating sausages for every meal, he tries to run away but can't, forcing Rocko and Filburt to rescue him.