When a character uses art (such as painting, dancing, singing, crafting trinkets, etc.) as a coping mechanism to deal with extreme stress, such as trauma, loss, or isolation. This trope is a Truth in Television, as studies have shown that any kind of fiber art (knitting, crocheting, sewing, etc.) can reduce anxiety and depression. It is known as a form of sublimation in formal psychology.
Captivity Harmonica is a situation- and mechanism-specific subtrope. Compare Cope by Pretending, where the character instead copes by pretending their stress is not as big as it is, and Heartbreak and Ice Cream, a.k.a. "Cope By Eating". Contrast Percussive Therapy, a.k.a "Cope by Smashing". A Sad Clown is a character who copes by cracking jokes. See also True Art Is Angsty. Writer's Block can be an inverse when a writer's inability to create is caused by stress or trauma.
- K-On! High School: Sumire realizes that playing drums relieves her from stress, which motivates her to join the light music club.
- Outbreak Company: A while after the werewolf Elbia joins the protagonists as their group artist, she starts hiding away in her room, drawing non-stop while avoiding food, sleep and baths. Shinichi confronts Elbia over this, fearful that he's turned her into a Hikikomori. Instead she explains that short-term obsessive episodes are considered perfectly normal for werewolves, who had to find more socially acceptable ways of channeling their hunting instincts after they were integrated into human society. The Animated Adaptation, however, isn't an example — Elbia is shown losing sleep, but it's treated at face value as Shinichi getting her addicted to Japanese art (in general, the adaptation drops a lot of the novels' racism themes in order to focus more on its allegories for the British opium trade).
- In the 2019 adaptation of Dororo Mio sings so that she doesn't feel sadness even when she's selling her body.
- Watchmen: After the Reality Warper Dr. Manhattan flees to Mars in the mistaken belief that he accidentally caused cancer to develop in people close to him, including his ex-girlfriend, he calms himself by creating a huge, intricate glass palace out of the sand.
- Subverted in V for Vendetta. Delia Surridge thought that the Man In Room Five's fooling around with fertilizer and grease solvent was just him trying to cope with the trauma of his experiments through art. In reality, he was using the various chemicals to create napalm and mustard gas for his eventual escape.
- In Doom Patrol, Dorothy Spinner uses her psychic abilities to create lots of imaginary friends as a way of coping with her profound loneliness.
- This House Has People in It: The Sculptor, creator of the in-universe show "The Sculptor's Clayground", keeps referencing his messy breakup with his ex and his time in prison, where he apparently learned to work with clay to get his emotions out. He's not very good at it, however, and it may or may not have given him "Lynks Disease".
- The Shawshank Redemption:
- Andy copes with the monotonous reality of his imprisonment by carving little stone figurines. There is more to it than his fascination with art. He purposefully invokes the trope to avoid suspicion while secretly using the carving hammer to dig out a tunnel and escape.
- Subverted when Andy gives his friend Red a harmonica as a present hoping it will cheer him up. It reminds Red of the free days too much to serve as solace, so he avoids playing it.
- Detective Callahan from Sudden Impact investigates a brutal murder in a small seaside town outside San Francisco. One suspect is a rape victim that moved back to town recently. Callahan visits Jennifer in her studio, and sees the grim and ghoulish canvases that she has painted. Jennifer becomes his prime suspect upon viewing these works.
- Marwencol and its derivative Welcome to Marwen are based on this trope. After a severe beating left him brain damaged and unable to draw, artist Mark Hogancamp created a miniature town populated by dolls, which he manipulated and photographed to deal with his trauma.
- In the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "Hard Time", O'Brien is sent to prison and, in order to cope with forced isolation, taught by his cellmate how to make "eseekas", geometric patterns formed by tracing his finger in the sand covering the cell floor.
- Doctor Who, "Vincent and the Doctor": Discussed by an museum curator regarding the art of Vincent van Gogh. Going by van Gogh's reaction, he hit the nail on the head.
Curator: He transformed the pain of his tormented life into ecstatic beauty. Pain is easy to portray, but to use your passion and pain to portray the ecstasy and joy and magnificence of our world, no one had ever done it before.
- Shoestring: Eddie doodles caricatures of the people he's talking to to manage stress. When he's dragged into an abandoned train car in the pilot, he draws in the dust on the window.
- The title heroine of Thaïs of Athens falls into a deep depression after her Best Friend Aegesichore and her lover Menedem are both murdered in a single day. The only thing that keeps her afloat (until major changes in her life help her overcome it) is riding out into the wilderness and dancing for hours at a time.
- The Last Continent: The god of evolution reacts to problems by making beetles as he says it relaxes him (the god being based on both Charles Darwin and the "God has an inordinate fondness for beetles" quote). Stibbons, who is ready to give up everything to live with the only scientific-minded god on the Disc runs like hell when it turns out the god's evolutionary masterpiece is a cockroach.
- The Wheel of Time: Perrin Aybara, a former village blacksmith who's childhood friends with The Chosen One, takes his mind off the world-shaking events he's been caught up in by spending time at work in the forge, even after becoming nobility. After the death of his friend Hopper, he starts smithing and inadvertently creates the first Power-wrought weapon since the Age of Legends.
- In the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine novel A Stitch in Time, Garak is living in a gardener's shed in the ruined remains of Cardassia. Unlike most people he has no intention of rebuilding his house, but instead turns it into a memorial to his mother who was killed shortly before the war ended when her body was trapped under the rubble. He stacks the debris in ways that appeal to his current emotional state. It doesn't take long for others to notice and start coming by to see it as well, for the construction has artistic and emotional meaning for them as well.
- The Stormlight Archive: When Navani believes that her brother-in-law has been betrayed and killed in battle, she dissociates slightly and paints a huge prayer-glyph on the ground. After her mind clears, she realizes it's the symbol for "Justice".
- The Handmaid's Tale: Offred, the story's narrator, mentions that Wives are not very satisfied with the grim realities of women's life in Gilead either, even though they are the top class women who have servants and their husbands are in power. About the only creative things they can do is gardening or knitting scarves for soldiers who fight at the fronts.
"Many of the Wives have such gardens, it's something for them to order and maintain and care for."
- "Bird Set Free" by Sia :
And I don't care if I sing off key,
I find myself in my melodies.
I sing for love, I sing for me,
I shout it out like a bird set free.
- "The Mystery of Your Gift" by Josh Groban:
So sing higher and higher,
A thousand new voices ring through.
If you sing out of the fire,
The courage you need comes from you.
- The One Ring has this as a game mechanic to heal the Shadow Points that Player Characters accumulate through misdeeds or traumatic events. The character spends a few months of downtime on a Craft or Song skill check, which represents them rebalancing themselves through creative work.
- Vampire: The Masquerade: The Nosferatu Vampire Variety are twisted into The Grotesque and are usually stuck living in underground enclaves at the fringes of undead society. They're also a rare exception to vampires' Creative Sterility, channeling their alienation into eerie sculptures, haunting songs that use the acoustics of subway tunnels, or bizarre fungus gardens.
- The title heroine of GRIS copes with personal loss by singing. Notably, she cannot actually sing for most of the game (the "Sing" button is mapped, but only elicits weak gasps from Gris), only finding her voice again in the penultimate stage. At the climax, singing finally helps her to overcome her depression.
- The protagonist of Bound is an adult woman who escapes into a fantasy world where she is a ballerina princess, in order to process her childhood trauma of being abandoned by her father through dance. There is also some hints that her imaginative dancing routines and drawings are a way to cope with her inability to actually dance in real life due to pregnancy.
- Catherine from Furry Experience is an introvert, and doodles frequently to cope with social pressures. Cat's class notes are littered with doodles. When Cat is assigned Courtney as a project partner, Cat draws Courtney with her cranial cap open and the brain flying out on silly little wings in the Tuesday 8 June 2010 strip. "I don't like her much," Cat admits to Ronnie.
- Big City Greens: Gloria copes with sadness and extreme stress by painting and is happy to explain how she felt when she painted each work as well as what she was coping with at the time. Unfortunately, she's a Butt-Monkey and nobody sees any beauty in her paintings until Cricket adds crude drawings of common objects to the canvases. The very fact that her paintings got no attention without the help of a small annoying child does not escape her notice.
- The Center for Eating Disorders at Sheppard Pratt in Maryland encourages their patients to take up knitting as part of their recovery.
- Frida Kahlo was a promising medical student until a horrible bus accident in her late teens paralyzed the bottom half of her body and worsened her chronic pain. Her parents encouraged her to continue her childhood hobby of painting as a way to kill time during her recovery and cope with her new disabilities. She went on to become one of the most revered painters in Mexican History.