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Literature / Reds

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Reds! is an Alternate History series on The series is divided into multiple timeline arcs. The first, from which the series name is derived, is titled Reds! A Revolutionary Timeline, and focuses on the events leading up to a socialist revolution in the United States during The Great Depression. The second, A Red Dawn, chronicles the early development of the new Union of American Socialist Republics, and the alternate World War II.

The first depicts an alternate history in which President William McKinley was not assassinated, and in the resulting political climate (which marginalized Progressive reformers due to Theodore Roosevelt never becoming president), socialism becomes much more popular in the United States (additionally, several important schisms that occurred in the socialist movement in our timeline did not occur in this one). After a much more brutal World War One (made more brutal, ironically, by the well-meaning attempts of internationalists like William Howard Taft to build stable international alliances), the American populace is radicalized and heavily divided, a powder keg ready to explode, until the Great Depression sparks a revolution in the United States.


The first two parts of timeline are in process being rewritten and revised chapters can be found in this thread on the Sufficient Velocity forums. The rest of the first and second parts that haven't been rewritten yet can be read here and the third chapter, the Great Crusade, which depicts the Second World War, is ongoing and can be read here. The original first and second threads in the series can be found here, and here.

The timeline was published by the Sea Lion Press.

Not to be confused with Reds, a movie by Warren Beatty about Red October.


This work provides examples of:

  • Ace Pilot: Mentioned and deconstructed somewhat, noting that the Nazis almost certainly lied about their ace pilots' kill counts, and the Nazi habit of keeping their ace pilots running sorties until they died instead of rotating them back out to train new recruits meant that Luftwaffe had a hard time maintaining the skill of its pilots in the face of attrition. It also meant that they wouldn't pass on their skills onto other pilots, making the air force perform worse overall.
  • Action Girl: Jane Schafer, a young woman who grew up during the revolution, and after adulthood, made the jump from Plucky Girl to this by joining the army. Not much of her character arc has been revealed yet, except for her being highly decorated for her service in the Second World War.
  • Allohistorical Allusion:
    • Henry Wallace thinks he would remain a "simple farmer" without the influence of communism; he became a politician in spite of the radically changed political landscape[
    • The support by the right-wing of the Workers' Communist Party to appoint MacArthur as secretary of war after Norman Thomas' Presidential election mirrors Salvador Allende, socialist president of Chile, appointing Pinochet as Chief of Staff of the Army. Both MacArthur and Pinochet went on to overthrow the democratically socialist elected government.
    • The United States government's exile to the island of Cuba alludes to the exile of the nationalists to the island of Formosa (Taiwan) after their defeat in the Chinese Civil War
    • Operation Ajax, an American-sponosred political coup against the Pahlavi Shah in Iran to establish a Comintern-friendly regime, follows the same patterns as the historical one in 1952 (including the orchestral role of a person named Kermit Roosevelt), aside from that ITTL the event took place in 1940 and it is a Communist regime that's established afterwards.
  • Alternate History: Complete with excerpts of the universe's
  • Amazon Brigade: A very literal example. The all female combat units of the Red Army during the 30s and 40s are often called "the Amazon Brigades" colloquially.
  • Author Avatar: Word of God says the in-universe discussion board character "flibbertygibbet" most closely represents one of the authors' (Aelita) views. The in universe poster "Ziburinis Squared" is also based on another of the Authors (The Red Star Rising).
  • Bavarian Fire Drill: Essentially describes Hoover and MacArthur's suspension of the Constitution and attempted power grab. It doesn't work.
  • Better to Die than Be Killed: The Green Guard's most fanatical units decide that rather than face the justice of war crime trials in the days following Brazil's official surrender to the United nations and the restoration of the Empire they may as well die on their feet. This results in Salgado's most die hard fanatics to gather for one last charge, announcing their intention to attack the troops that were meant to accept their surrender with a final broadcast of "Death before Dishonor" and being killed to a man after a spectacular but unwinnable fight. It would almost be poetic if they weren't a State Sec fond of terror tactics, war crimes, and raping female POWs.
  • Black and Grey Morality: The UASR is presented in a more positive light than most of the other governments of the time, but it is far from perfect. Amongst its abuses include the setting up of kangaroo courts and the execution of potentially innocent civilians (though nowhere near on the scale of Stalinist Russia).
  • Bomb-Throwing Anarchists: Subverted. Emma Goldman, aka Red Emma, is a powerful figure in the Revolutionary government. This causes much debate in the Anarchist Movement. Anarcho-syndicalism in particular plays a large part in the organisation that enables the Red May revolution and it has been hinted that Chicago may effectively become an anarchist commune.
  • Brains and Brawn: In the pro-Nazi rump "Free American State" in Byelorussia, William Dudley Pelley is Brains to Virgil Effinger's Brawn. While Pelley is a political leader of micronation and skilled administrator, Effinger is a leader of paramilitary squad and the main overseer of torture and executions of Soviet and American prisoners.
  • Canada, Eh?: Averted. Canada is stated to become a front of the future Cold War between the FBU and the UASR, with a heavily guarded border, nuclear weapons pointed at the UASR, and a Quebec secession crisis causing this timeline's Cuban Missile Crisis in 1979.
  • Chummy Commies: The UASR and communists in general are pretty clearly the heroes, in spite of moral complexities. They do include some individual Dirty Communists, like Patton, Eisenhower, Nixon, and J. Edgar Hoover. Even good ol' Honest Lincoln gets an in-universe posthumous baptism as a good comrade.
  • Cincinnatus: The Marxist interpretation of the "dictatorship of the proletariat" is this, as enacted more-or-less successfully by the Workers' Communist Party. The principle was that during the revolution, the whole of the working class, organized by the party, would take complete control of the state in order to enact its transformative program. In-universe, how well they fit this ideal is less clear.
  • Cool Plane: The Soviets largely use the same planes they did in our timeline, while the British use some different aircraft such as the Avro London heavy bomber. The Germans start the war with the usual Bf-109s, Stukas, and Ju-88s, but move onto more advanced TA-190s and unlike OTL; make use of a four engined strategic bomber known as the He-277 well regarded by all sides in the war. The American lineup is perhaps the most changed with aircraft like the F-35 Belladonna and the B-23 Superfortress (roughly equivalent to the B-29). The Italians and Japanese make their own entrees into the cool plane contest of course.
  • Cool Ship: The Enterprise, America's most decorated warship ever, also appears in this timeline albeit with some alterations. In terms of battleships, the Yamato, Fate, Il Duce, and Lion class battleships are probably the most grandiose expressions of this trope as the world's navies race to build the biggest and baddest ship they can.
    • Deconstructed somewhat with the Bismarck, where its OTL design flaws that lead it to being several thousand tons heavier than the USS North Carolina class battleship while having less firepower and being less well defended from long ranged plunging fire are called to attention in an in-universe thread. More specifically, the German battleships are built around a "banded armor, turtleback" scheme where armour is generally spread across the ship while the Citadel (the most heavily armoured part of the ship meant to protect the vital components) was quite small and only guarded absolute essentials. America, Britain, and Japan however use "all or nothing", where the ship focuses on protecting the most vital areas (the belt, the citadel, and the deck) and only leaves the minimum for everything else to save weight. This means that shells striking nonvital parts of the ship will simply pass through, whereas the Bismarck had just enough armour to let shells arm and detonate after penetrating non-vital components. The Bismarck's armour scheme is excellent in close ranged naval combat like in the first world war, but because of the thin deck armour in particular and the small citadel not protecting a number of secondary components, is not well suited to protecting from long ranged, radar directed "plunging fire" where shells come in from a steep angle onto the top of the ship.
      • The effects of these are seen in the battle of Iceland between the American and German fleets where despite the Germans having a significant advantage in the number of capital ships, are crushed by the Americans in the gun battle. Bad design choices with regards to German aircraft carrier design also mean that despite having two carriers to America's three at the battle, the Americans had a three to one numerical advantage in number of planes.
  • Defector from Decadence: JFK in this timeline. At first his exiled family think he died in the revolutionary violence and hold him up as a martyr only to learn later he actually joined the Revolution, changed his name to Sean and is now studying at West Point.
  • Dirty Communists: Stalin and most of the USSR.
  • Elites Are More Glamorous: Heavily deconstructed, noting that most of the Waffen SS and the Green Guard do not actually live up to their reputations of being fearless badass storm troopers with only a handful of units actually being formidable enough to be considered "elites" instead of politically reliable paramilitary forces. The Green Guard, in particular, is rapidly wiped out in the final stage of the South American theatre, with the whole corps being annihilated one after the other and most of its soldiers being noted to be "starved and beaten children and psychopaths".
  • The Empire: Quite a few in fact. The Franco-British Union is also known as the Franco-British Empire in less polite circles and is quite simply the largest formal empire to ever exist in human history by every metric besides percentage of the human population living inside of it; combining the British and the French Empires at their peak size. In the sense of Empires of being states with an Emperor as the head of state, Japan's two and a half thousand year old monarchy has been dismantled following the end of World War Two, while the Brazilian and German Emperors have both returned to lead Brazil and West Germany, subverted in that the Brazilian and West German Empires are much more pleasant than the republics that preceded them.
  • Everybody Has Lots of Sex: One of the consequences of the American Cultural Revolution in the mid-thirties is the liberalization of sexual mores. However, it's not entirely clear exactly how much sex constitutes "lots of sex" in this case; an in-universe discussion commenter castigates the in-universe version of Public Enemies for depicting so many threesomes, saying he can see "that sort of thing happening in the fifties, but not the thirties." The liberalization of sexual mores is not entirely without controversy; indeed, the opposition Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party in this time gains a fair amount of converts by shifting radically to the left economically but to the right on moral values. A Second Cultural Revolution spanning from the late '50s through the 1970s (not yet written, but planned for future updates) results in even further liberalization of sexual mores.
    • It's also noted by a present-day member of a web forum from America that this is apparently exaggerated in-universe outside of America; in something corresponding roughly to the dominant cultural mores of contemporary American society in the actual timeline, places like New York and California tend to be very socially liberal (and thus closer to this trope) whereas places in the Midwest and the South, while perhaps more liberal in these ways, still tend to be more conservative.
  • Evil Cannot Comprehend Good: A Soviet diplomat is dumbfounded when the UASR government doesn't shoot Robert Taft for not taking his oath of office, and this pisses off Joseph Stalin to no end.
  • Face–Heel Turn: Macarthur's betrayal of the US government. Henry Ford himself flees to Nazi Germany and becomes a fierce supporter of Adolf Hitler.
  • Famous Last Words: "No. I have already made my peace with God. I am already prepared to die for the revolutionary struggle. I am begging you to save your own soul, and turn away from this madness. But if you're determined to plunge this nation into darkness, hurry up and shoot me, and quit wasting my time.'' Norman Thomas
  • Fictional Political Party: Played with; as the TL develops, new political parties form, but usually out of existing political parties. And the parties that have the same name tend to have diverged in radically different ways to become In Name Only versions of their OTL counterparts.
    • In the present day, the American major parties, from the political right to left, are:
      • True Democrats: the designated traitor party. The drain trap that catches everything that won't accommodate to the revolution, becoming the mirror image of Western communist parties in our world and are similarly weak on the national level. Their politics would be considered somewhere around the progressive wing of the real world's American Democratic party. Ironically, Bernie Sanders would fit into this party if he were running on a platform similar to what he ran on in 2016. In terms of foreign policy they tend to lean pacifist; favouring detente with the Capitalist world.
      • The Democratic-Republican Party: The resident mainstream right-wing party, although still certainly very radical by real life standards and considered centre-left by the Capitalist world. It's a catchall for the progressive political center- they approach socialism from a mutualist note  perspective. They favour markets and limited property relations. Think a communist American version of IRL libertarians. As far as foreign policy is concerned, they're one of the most pacifistic parties.
      • Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party: the former left-wing of the Democratic Party, they approach socialism from a christian perspective, and are largely left-wing nationalists. They embrace a leftist version of American exceptionalism and fit in between the CLP and the LP with regards to their approach to how centralised economic planning should be and between those two and the DRP with regards to the approach to the market. In terms of foreign policy the DFLP is a somewhat militant party, advocating for a confrontation with the Capitalist world and supporting America's allies.
      • Communist Labor Party: the former center and right-wing of the Workers' Party, they place a greater emphasis on Marxism, support a more centrally planned economy and are largely centrist on social issues. They generally advocate for the most state presence and involvement out of any of the parties in the Union of American Socialist Republics and have the strongest "authoritarian" streak, though certainly less so than the CPSU or CPC in our time line. Out of the two largest parties in American politics, they're the most comparable to the Republican party in our timeline, and "neoconservatism" is even used to refer to their policies. They are essentially, the Bordigists to Liberation's Councilists.
      • Liberation Communist Party: the left-wing splinter from the Workers' Party and most often just called Liberation. They're Left Communists note  who want to push foward the world revolution and have a strong libertine streak. They favour a decentralised, democratic structure for planning the economy and abolishing wage labour and commodity value and are in favour of more localised structures of government and administration. In terms of foreign policy, they're actually the more hawkish of the two major parties.
      • Social Ecological Union: Greens, with libertarian marxist and social anarchist wings. The Champions of environmental diversity and stability, the SEU qualifies as far-left by any standard and generally supports full worker control over the economy. In terms of foreign policy, they are perhaps the most pacifistic of any of the major parties, advocating for a reduction in armaments and the seeking of detente with the Capitalist bloc to let its problems bring about their end on their own. They are noted to have some issues with an abnormally high acceptance of pseudoscientific woo among their ranks and lax party discipline.
    • In the present day, the major parties of the Franco-British Union, from the political right to left, are:
      • Liberty/Liberté;: the predominant right-wing opposition in the FBU, it does not style itself as a political party in spite of electing representatives to local and national government. It's mostly composed of an armed paramilitary wing and Venture Capitalists, Liberty styles itself as an ideologically liberal organization but is willing to support authoritarian measures to battle communism and opposes identity politics and the LGBT movement.
      • People's Alliance/Alliance Populaire: the party of perpetual government in the post-WW2 era, formed in 1949 from the ad hoc alliance between the British Conservative Party and the French Rally of Popular Republicans among other conservative and/or pro-capitalist British and French Parties. The People's Alliance has constructed the economy along corporatist lines, establishing pro-business "patriotic unions" and doling out patronage through a sophisticated system of state capitalism to ensure social stability. On social issues, they've hold back women, minority and LGBT movements and only making reforms opportunistically.
      • Labour Party/Parti d'Ouvriers: the merger between the UK's Labour Party and the French Section to the Workers' International (SFIO), it is a big tent left-wing party that suffered from the flight of the right-wing to the People's Alliance, the party leadership was taken over by Marxists and the center dwindled. It's under constant attack from the corporate media and the State Sec.
      • Communist Party: officially known as Entente Section of the Communist International, has remained unified under a general program of revolutionary socialism. Since the seventies, the Communists are the hotbed of identity politics including feminist, LGBT liberation and multicultural thought.
    • In the Republic of Palestine, the nation is dominated by the Democratic Liberation Front (DLF), which is a coalition of six parties that are largely similar except for minor points, with the only legal opposition being the Palestine Communist Party which believes that the DLF is not radical enough and moderate parties like the Islamic Democrats and General Zionists. You can see the greater detail of the parties here
  • For Want of a Nail: Originally the timeline diverged entirely because a racist cop in Buffalo happened to pick on a certain Polish immigrant. While this remains probably the biggest inciting event for the divergence from our timeline, it is not the point of departure in the rewrite.
    • The new point of divergence is even less flashy. The divergence occurs initially from a slightly different outcome of the interaction between two minor socialist groups at the end of the 1800s, which ends up averting a split in both that weakened the whole movement, and thus setting off a cascade of butterfly effect changes.
  • Framing Device: The timeline is generally told through in universe historical documents, but also through glimpses of discussion by board members of the alternate world's
  • General Ripper: General Douglas MacArthur lives up to this during the Second American Civil War and subsequent dictatorship in exile in Cuba.
  • Good Is Not Soft: The UASR is a nation of people devoted to social equality and individual liberty. But their early history is marked by political repression, including Kangaroo Court and summary execution against a junta that tried to destroy American democracy. World War II is described as having been even bloodier, and even though how much of the carnage was produced by the army of the UASR has not been specified, it's clear that they put up one hell of a fight.
  • Grey and Grey Morality: Implied to be the situation between the powers in the modern day; the former colonial powers remain imperialistic and ruthlessly capitalistic, but are suggested to have had to liberalise how they treat their colonial subjects in order to avoid mass socialist uprisings, and are not nearly as fascistic as the Cold War propaganda of the UASR would depict them. The UASR is in many ways a socialist worker's paradise but is suggested to have still done nasty things in the Cold War. And the Soviet Union, after Stalin, remains authoritative but has also loosened up in light of the competing socialist ideology in the UASR.
  • Hate Sink: The in universe posters RitterStahl, Cheka, RuleBritannia and CyberDoctor are generally thoroughly dislikable people, being a dyed in the wool West German Wehrmacht apologist, a Stalin apologizing Tankie, a hardliner Franco-British conservative, and an Ayn Rand worshipping objectivist respectively. While not actually dumb, they tend to be rude, abrasive, and hostile to those they disagree with.
  • Heel–Face Turn: J. Edgar Hoover kind of qualifies; he goes from being a hardline reactionary to a hardline revolutionary, mostly because doing so allows him to maximise the amount of power available to him. His authoritarianism, however, remains essentially unchanged, if it doesn't increase in the transition.
    • After their defeat in world war two, the Axis countries in South America switch sides to join the Allies and Comintern against Germany, Italy, and Japan.
  • Heroic Sacrifice:
    • Huey Long, among others. Long had good reason to suspect that standing up for the Constitution would have dangerous consequences; he chose to do so anyway.
    • Stalin's refusal to leave Moscow during the battle leads to his death from the shelling in 1941.
  • Historical Hero Upgrade: In-universe, the Ku Klux Klan appears to have benefited from this kind of treatment outside of America, in nations unfriendly to the socialist government.
  • Historical In-Joke: Also used liberally. Bank robber John Dillinger becoming a national security agent is one of the most obvious examples, as is William F. Buckley, Jr. (one of America's foremost conservative thinkers) becoming an orthodox Marxist and J. Edgar Hoover (the commie-busting head of the FBI) switching allegiances to the new communist government in order to preserve and expand his power. And apparently in this world, it's nearly impossible to think of actor Marion Morrison being in a western.
    • Not to mention Cuba becoming the seat of the capitalist US government in exile.
    • Or Wang Jingwei leading the United Front against Japan while Chiang Kai-Shek turned a Japanese puppet.
  • Historical Villain Downgrade: Stalin ATL is portrayed as very authoritarian, but not to the degree he was in our timeline. A lot of this comes from the conditions that prompted the rise of high Stalinism in the USSR never arising due to the Soviet Union no longer being isolated and having a more powerful Socialist country than itself to account for in its actions.
  • Hoist by His Own Petard: MacArthur's coup, intended to crush a potential socialist insurgency before it started, ended up creating such a storm of popular and political outrage amongst the military, politicians and the general public that it led to the revolution he was afraid of in the first place, which in turn ended up with him and the other remnants of the former United States finding themselves in exile to Cuba.
    • Henry Ford, after fleeing to the US, joins up Hitler and becomes an armament minister. His arrogance and belief in Nazi superiority leads him to put his marque on everything he's built, including weapons he built including slave labor. When Germany is defeated he is unable to deny his highly visible role in Nazi atrocities, as gets about much mercy as you would expect at the hands of the UASR.
    • In a Shout-Out to Red Alert 1's Soviet ending, Salgado meets his end not at the hands of Partisans but his own trusted (and much abused) female Aide. The Aide takes part in a plot to launch a coup to restore the Brazilian Monarchy and end the Integralist's war effort by poisoning his tea as he prepares to make a speech at a news reel. As he lays choking and dying from the poison, she angrily lets out her frustrations against him and shoots him three times before being shot herself by another coup agent to close off all loose ends.
  • Istanbul (Not Constantinople): All of the government bureaus and branches are given new names under the new government. In addition, the Dominican Republic gets renamed to the People's Republic of Quisqueya, while Washington, D.C. becomes Washington-Debs, D.C.
  • Kangaroo Court: Many of the counter-revolutionaries captured by the UASR during the early days of its existence are given ludicrously unfair show trials. Granted, large percentages of them are probably guilty, but that doesn't make it any less unfair. That said, those who aren't executed all get pardoned after about eleven years.
  • Kick the Son of a Bitch: While the persecution of political rivals in the beginning of the UASR is clearly inexcusable both in and out of universe, many of the victims of the old Kangaroo Courts were many people who tried to stifle American democracy, like the KKK and George Marshall.
  • Last Stand: The Battle of Moscow.
  • Lower-Deck Episode: The short stories about ordinary people's lives, contrasting with the big picture narrative focused on nations and governments.
  • My Greatest Failure: William Z. Foster resigns from his Premiership post right after the beginning of the Second World War, blaming himself for his failure to contain the Nazi menace.
  • Nepotism: Sort of. Patton keeps his socialist views secret from his superiors and surrounds himself with sympathetic officers, presumably assuming that he can use a cadre of loyal officers to his advantage. When he receives orders to enforce the suspension of the Constitution, he leads a rebellion. This is unusual in that it's one of the rare occasions in which nepotism is presented as having led to a positive outcome, and also unusual in that the officers he surrounds himself with are not depicted as incompetent.
  • Nice Job Fixing It, Villain!: Mc Arthur's coup, intended to head off a Communist revolution it instead pretty much ensured it. Sure the workers party had won the 1932 election but having gained power legally it gave full assurances to rule within the constitution and was trying to take a moderate road. The most likely outcome was something like the UK's labour government after 1945, nationalisation and massive reform but within the existing legal framework and with the option to vote them out in 1936. Instead by attempting to take power the General ensured the party had to trigger revolution for its own survival and discredited capitalism with the entire country. End result saw him in exile and the New Union here to stay.
  • One-Federation Limit: Defied. In the post-WW2 world, the three superpowers are the Franco-British Union, the Union of American Socialist Republics, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. And that's just the three top dogs.
  • Oppressive States of America: Played with. The United States does develop very authoritarian tendencies, which also existed in Real Life that are maximized by the failure of progressive economic reforms allowing monopolies to thrive.
    • The suppression of dissidents that occurred during our World War I is slightly worse, resulting in the arrest of socialist politicians, and even respected statesmen like Robert La Follette.
    • On the other hand the US implements a variety of political reforms, including moving towards a parlamentarian form of government, weakening of presidential power, bursting of racial segregation, including Texas passing a law abolishing Jim Crow.
    • When a Worker's Party wins the 1932 election in a landslide, Douglas MacArthur successfully pressures Herbert Hoover to suspend the Constitution, and to arrest the Worker's Party members. The so-called Freedom Corps attempt to put down any opposition, notably massacring Huey Long and disloyal members of the Louisiana State Legislature. This is the final straw sets the stage for the UASR.
    • The remnants of the US government and their supporters flee to Cuba and establish a new government, with Douglas MacArthur as President Evil. He proceeds to oppress the Cuban population. It's implied that this will be subverted in the later years of the Cuban-US nation.
    • The early years of the UASR are a downplayed version of this trope. Many people are dealt with by Kangaroo Court and firing squads, but it is nowhere near the scale of the Soviet Union, many of the sentenced were responsible for suppressing American democracy, and it did stop eventually. These actions are seen in-universe as a black spot on the history of the UASR, but none of the UASR leaders are portrayed as evil for them.
  • Please Select New City Name: A bunch of cities get renamed after the Revolution, most notably Washington, D.C. becoming De Leon-Debs, D.C.
  • President Evil: General MacArthur, especially in the earliest iteration of the timeline. Establishing himself as a military dictator of the White forces during the Civil War, he continues enforce his authoritarian and oppressive (especially towards Cubans) rule on Cuba. Only after MacArthur's death, his presidential successor, Robert F. Kennedy, institutes a sincere democracy in Cuba.
  • Public Bathhouse Scene: In the immediate aftermath of the revolution, the local government councils built up public bathing facilities to increase the higiene of the population. This is a case of Boring, but Practical as sanitation was non-existing outside of the very rich in the 1930s note 
  • The Purge: Stalin's Soviet Union and Foster's UASR both play it straight. In the latter case, it is treated historically as a What the Hell, Hero? moment.
  • Putting on the Reich: Integralist Brazil. Post-Second World War Britain and France get pretty close to this. Propaganda on all sides of the Cold War will feature this for enemies.
  • The Quisling:
    • The very name of Henry Ford becomes synonymous with betrayal in the UASR for his collaboration with Nazi Germany.
    • Virgil Effinger and William Dudley Pelley, while not as prominent as Ford, are probably even more vicious than him. After Nazis established a small puppet American state in occupied Belarus, they atttempt to restore the glorious American days under the banner of Nazism, all while ensuring the well-being for themselves and other American exiles at the expense of the starved and genocided Belarusian population.
  • "The Reason You Suck" Speech: Winston Churchill gives one over Britain for burning bridges with America and going to bed with fascist regimes.
    Churchill: "So it comes to this. Britain and France, who had every power to stop the Hun from arising in a new and more terrible form than ever; stand by and let the jackboot tread the steppes of Russia and damn hundreds of millions to certain annihilation and slavery. In our fear of Red America, China, and Russia, we have once again consigned millions to the fascist crocodile in hopes that they will be satisfied. And in their hopes to destroy Stalin, Jinwei, and Sinclair they forget that creatures like Hitler's Germany, Mussolini's Italy, Hirohito's Japan and Salgado's Brazil will never be satisfied. Ever shall they look for more to devour, until the whole world is theirs, and even then I doubt that they will not lust for more.

    We fear and hate America and the other red states so much that we can no longer see the true threat. The new system that America has created is far from beyond reproach, that is true. They accept their state's involvement in all things and have surrendered a right to free enterprise in the search of equality. They recklessly go forwards in hopes of finding Utopia without ever looking back and considering the path they are taking. Many have perished in their enthusiasm to break with the past and create their new system. And yet America remains a place where Liberty is cherished. There are open and fair elections in a multiparty system. You would not find Stalin's strongmanship there, nor Jinwei's lack of certainty for the future. Though we may disagree on economics and many moral policies, we still cherish liberty and democracy, and perhaps through America's influence, the rest of the comintern can be guided away from the Stalinist model to something better.

    And yet thanks to our short sighted folly, we would risk allowing vast portions of the world fall into the darkness of hateful and greedy men. I am no friend of Communism, anyone who knows me is aware of that, and earlier in my career I have indeed made comments in favor of the Fascist system as a bulwark against Marxism, comments I now deeply regret. And yet when I think about the war engulfing Russia and China and the war that looms over South America and the war that the Americans are committing themselves too, I can only think about how millions are suffering or shall suffer. I can only see people rushing to defend their homes, people gathering around any source of news they can to see what future awaits them, human beings receiving the letter that all families dread to hear and looking over the horizon with terror of what may come from it.
  • The Remnant: Americuba, which becomes a refuge for American anti-Communist exiles under MacArthur after the Revolution, claims to be the legitimate continuation of the old United States and acknowledges the UASR as an insurgent state.
  • The Revolution Will Not Be Civilized/The Revolution Will Not Be Vilified: Employs both tropes to an extent; it's more like The Revolution Will Not Be Sunshine and Rainbows. The new government in America may be more democratic then the Soviet Union, but it is far from squeamish. Nonetheless, it pretty unambiguously has the moral high ground over the U.S. government, which was willing to suspend the Constitution and declare war on its own populace when an election went in a manner it didn't like. The UASR government isn't perfect about following its own Constitution in the early days either (in fact, it's quite authoritarian, although nowhere near as much as the USSR's government), but it doesn't suppress the electoral vote when an election goes awry. Anti-authoritarian currents in American society appear to have won out by the present day, as the Red Terror seems to be pretty universally regarded as a mistake.
  • Richard Nixon the Used Car Salesman:
    • Ayn Rand: This world is 100 percent guaranteed to make her squirm. After self-imposed exile from her adopted country, her work has become decidedly more dystopian than it would have been and, if possible, even more politically extremist.
    • Douglas MacArthur: The point man for the military junta that pressured outgoing President Hoover into suspending the constitution and crushing the commies for good. Currently, he's President Evil of the exile US government in Cuba.
    • George Orwell: Still hates the USSR, cautiously optimistic about Red America. His stories are less soul-crushingly depressing. The Last Man in Europe (this timeline's version of Nineteen Eighty-Four) becomes less of a Shoot the Shaggy Dog story as Winston Smith escapes to America and witnesses a debate in Times Square.
    • George Patton: Old Blood and Guts has lived a very different life and had a very different military career. So different that he's one of the main military leaders of the revolution.
    • Richard Nixon: Revealed to eventually become head of government of the UASR, though currently he has only directly appeared in a short story, as a head of a local military committee drumming up recruitment, and has a conversation with the protagonist about her choice to sign up.
    • Greta Garbo: Never changes her name from Gustafsson and becomes first lady of the UASR in the late 40s.
    • Ron Paul: Secretary General of the Democratic-Republican Party (a social-democrat party on center of the USAR political spectrum) in 2009.
    • Sean Hannity: A pundit and writer in the same style as in real life, except a hardcore Marxist.
    • Henry Ford: Flees America to join with Nazi Germany when he sees the writing on the wall in America, teaming up with Albert Speer to build up the economies of the Axis to be better suited for total war. Ends up executed following a guilty verdict at the Nuremburg trials.
    • Phillipe LeClerc leads Free France during WWII and becomes the President of France after the war.
    • Iain M. Banks becomes the leader of the FBU Labour Party until his death from cancer.
    • Peter Capaldi in turn is the leader of the Entente Section of the Communist International by the ITTL Present Day.
  • Rightful King Returns: The return of the Brazilian Emperors to Brazil is a surprisingly straight example of this as Dom Pedro Henrique's entrance to Brazil is used to finish off the Integralist regime by providing a figurehead for the country to rally around in the face of the Brazilian republican right wing having faced disgrace and defeat under Salgado's insanity. By all accounts, Brazil is a prosperous and burgeoning country significantly more successful than its OTL counterpart and is generally either considered a superpower or a country on the verge of becoming one. The FBU re-installing the Hohenzollern Kaiser to Germany as well as the assorted lesser German nobility and royalty is portrayed as this in the Capitalist sphere, but the German Monarchy is a significantly more contentious institution than Brazil's.
  • Rising Empire: Imperial Germany becomes an even more prominent example of this trope than IRL, since it also aggressively pursues imperialistic goals in Latin America, causing the old US to grow more vigilant towards the Kaiserreich and approach the British Empire.
  • Screw the Rules, I Have Money!: Essentially the reaction of the capitalist powers and President Herbert Hoover after the Socialists win the 1932 election. They soon find out that no, they don't make the rules.
    • The UASR government subverts this, refusing to fill legislative seats with their own men after the Supreme Court rules against them, and refusing to kill Robert Taft in spite of his opposition. This dumbfounds a Soviet diplomat, and pisses Stalin off to no end.
  • Self-Fulfilling Prophecy: One of the in-universe historical texts frames the Second Civil War and the American socialist revolution in this way, suggesting that in declaring the election that brought the Socialist Party to power to be void and seizing power by force against the will of the people, MacArthur and the other coup leaders ended up creating the very socialist uprising and revolution that they were afraid would overthrow them in the first place.
  • Shell-Shocked Veteran: George Patton. No, really; in this timeline the US ends up entering the First World War two years earlier and fighting in some of the bloodiest battles, taking much heavier losses. And Old Blood and Guts himself was on the front line for them. He may not have developed full-blown PTSD, but he came home a greatly changed man, and very bitter towards the politicians who'd sent a million of his comrades-in-arms to their deaths for no particularly good reason.
  • Shout-Out:
    • An in-universe TL was titled Mande Rising.
    • The running mate for Huey Long during the 1932 is Princeton University President Henry Jones Sr. Meanwhile, the candidates from the Prohibtion Party in the same elections are Don Keyhote and Sam Chopanzo.
    • The video game reviewer Gameunist Manifesto who makes a video about the game set during the Soviet invasion in Romania, is based on Jim Sterling.
  • Show Within a Show: While a lot of these exist, the most prominent and frequently returned to an example is Amanda Waver's constructed mythology/superhero setting for the new Red America, featuring Amanda Aaron; who has the alias Commander Columbia when she assumes the aspect of "the new, proletarian Jupiter."
  • Sibling Yin-Yang: A very dark version with JFK and his brother Joe. One rejects his family and becomes a revolutionary hero, the other rejects his family and becomes an SS officer...
  • Spared By Adaptation:
    • Nicholas II's family and admiral Alexander Kolchak went to exile to Sweden, avoiding their OTL fate.
    • John Reed avoids his death from typhus in Moscow in 1920, eventually becoming a foreign secretary of UASR and even the Premier during WWII.
    • Mikhail Frunze, a famed Bolshevik general, recovers from his illness and later plays a major role in WWII. After the war, he becomes the frontman of the leftist Internationalist opposition to Molotov.
  • State Sec: The Green Guard of Brazil is a terrifyingly insane one. Described as green-uniformed soldiers who wear metal cuirasses at the very least as well as dehumanizing face-concealing masks (which are often gas masks), the Green Guard is a borderline militarized cult of Brazil, Integralist, the Green Guard's leaders, and Salgado and is noted to be Ultracatholic. They speak their own internal constructed language to prevent outsiders from determining what they're saying and not only don't hesitate to commit atrocities but seem to revel in them. Though at first starting out as a loose cannon political elite, they do become an actual military elite known for fearlessness and skill in battle. Somewhat subverted though, as the war turns against Brazil and the green guard's ranks are continually expanded, the Guard is increasingly filled with scared and frightened children abused into committing atrocities as part of the Guard's hazing rituals and their skills slip back into cannon fodder levels while their habit of war crimes starts to backfire. Fights always become one to the death as people recognize the futility of surrendering to them, and they've committed perfidy far too many times for people to feel like risking death in case they try to pull an I Surrender, Suckers and the Guard by the end of the war is a decrepit shell. Huge swathes of the guard desert when a fake intelligence leak is given that claims the Comintern will kill any Green Guardsman who doesn't desert or renounce the Integralist regime, and its last die hards gather for a final suicide attack against Communist forces in Uruguay so that they can die on the battlefield rather than face war crime trials.
  • Take a Third Option: The Vatican opposes the new regime as godless, and orders the Catholic priests in America to either disavow the UASR or be excommunicated. Some Catholics instead form their own church.
  • Tank Goodness: To be found in abundance in the timeline! Thanks to the lessons of the second American civil war and an earlier end to the great depression and earlier re-armament, tank design takes some divergences from our timeline and the vehicles used in Reds are generally a bit farther "ahead" than our timeline in terms of design. Reforms to the production systems of the Axis powers and western European investment into any possible allies against a red America as well as Soviet-American cooperation and investment into red latin America and China also mean that rather more thanks are produced in this timeline than in ours. Germany's notoriously inefficient flexible line production systems are replaced with modern ford style assembly lines able to roll out tanks by the tens of thousands to fight the more militarised British Empire and its allies to the west and the Comintern to the East while Italian, Swedish, British, Japanese, and French tank programs make more progress than in our timeline. Perhaps the most grandiose statements of this revealed so far are the Panzer 100 Smilodon, the TD-21 Spartacus, the Vladimir Lenin 3, and the Chamberlain heavy tank.
    • In the cold war, by the mid 2010s the Franco-British union unveils its newest "advanced" battle tank, the Champion; a tank weighing over one hundred tons with a seven inch caliber gun and an engine with 3000 or so horsepower. Yikes!
  • Token Evil Teammate: George Orwell believes William Z. Foster and Earl Browder are this to the UASR. From what we know they are both noticeably more purge-happy and power-hungry than many of the other government officials in the UASR.
  • Tomboy and Girly Girl: Jane and Anna, respectively, from the alternate history timeline equivalent of a Lower-Deck Episode.
  • Unreliable Narrator: Inherent with the framing devices. The presented sections of history books, journals, academic papers, and armchair discussions by alternate history enthusiasts come from a very diverse variety of perspectives, and each presents an understandably biased picture.
  • Utopia: Deconstructed. Is life in the UASR better? Perhaps. Is it very different? Absolutely. The authors seem to take a subjective approach. While communism is often seen as a utopian ideology, and the UASR has many of the facets of utopia (free love, classless society, great freedoms), this comes at a cost that people socialized to live in a capitalist, democratic republic might find quite uncomfortable, such as very great social pressures to participate in political and social life, and other duties that don't gel well with an individualistic society. The cultural and social values that developed over a century of tremendous divergence, revolution and the like are very much alien.
  • Villainous Breakdown: Salgado goes bonkers as the tide turns against him. At one point, he strangles one of his marshals to death in front of his staff for withholding important information. When goes into another unhinged rant when he realizes one of his abused aides poisoned him .
  • We ARE Struggling Together: Subverted; both during the Civil War and the Cultural Revolution, the American socialist system's greater flexibility in dealing with ideological differences (both within the socialist parties themselves and in allowing the inclusion of right-leaning Democrats and Republicans who opposed the Junta into the political process) ultimately proves more durable than the Soviet system's rigid ideological inflexibility.
  • Well-Intentioned Extremist: Practically the whole cast is made up of this. It's also generally an audience reaction, since most of those individuals are not considered extremists in-universe.


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