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Reds! is an AlternateHistory.com series started by Aelita featuring a Communist America. The series is divided into multiple timeline arcs. The first, from which the series name is derived, is titled Reds! A Revolutionary Timeline, and focuses on the events leading up to a socialist revolution in the United States during The Great Depression. The second, A Red Dawn, chronicles the early development of the new Union of American Socialist Republics (henceforth referred as United Republics), and the alternate World War II.

The first depicts an alternate history in which President William McKinley was not assassinated, and in the resulting political climate (which marginalized Progressive reformers due to Theodore Roosevelt never becoming president), socialism becomes much more popular in the United States (additionally, several important schisms that occurred in the American socialist movement in our timeline did not occur in this one). After a much more brutal World War One (made more brutal, ironically, by the well-meaning attempts of internationalists like William Howard Taft to build stable international alliances), the American populace is radicalized and heavily divided, a powder keg ready to explode, until the Great Depression sparks a revolution in the United States.

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While originally a solo project by Aelita, the story has expanded in scope to include two additional collaborating authors, and a large team of several other minor contributors. As a result, the story has underwent various rewrites throughout its publishing history, along with Retcons and Adaptational Expansions to fill in the empty lore.

  • The Original Version:
    • Reds: A Revolutionary Timeline (discontinued): The original thread. Describes the rise of the Communist Workers' Party and the revolution itself.
    • Red Dawn: American Revolution and Rebirth (discontinued): A thread covering the historical period between the Second American Revolution to initially the end of the alternate Second World War. Discepts the political, economical and social changes America undergoes after the revolution and its effects on international politics, the communist movement and the growing fascist bloc.
  • The Second Version:
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    • The Great Crusade (Ongoing): Discepts the alternate Second World War, and potentially its aftermath. Not yet complete and its most recent updates contradict earlier ones due to ongoing re-writes. Currently up to 1945.
    • The Special Edition (Discontinued): The combined first and second threads of the original version. Greatly expands the political background preceding the Revolution, describing in greater detail the slow rise of the socialist movement in America and the aftermath of the revolution. Currently up to 1938.
    • The Fool's Gold Edition (Discontinued): A second attempt at improving the pre-revolution lore and clear up the establishment of the United Republics.
  • The Sufficient Velocity Version (Ongoing): Intended to be the definitive version, it has the aid of two other authors plus numerous smaller contributions from others. Currently up to 1940.

The timeline was published by the Sea Lion Press.

The timeline's discord can be found here

There is a Hearts of Iron 4 Mod adaptation being reproduced. Its discord can be found here

Not to be confused with Reds, a movie by Warren Beatty about Red October (although the historical figure John "Jack" Reed plays a big role in both stories).


This work provides examples of:

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     General Tropes 
  • Ace Pilot: Mentioned and deconstructed somewhat, noting that the Nazis almost certainly lied about their ace pilots' kill counts, and the Nazi habit of keeping their ace pilots running sorties until they died instead of rotating them back out to train new recruits meant that Luftwaffe had a hard time maintaining the skill of its pilots in the face of attrition. It also meant that they wouldn't pass on their skills onto other pilots, making the air force perform worse overall.
  • Action Girl: Jane Schafer, a young woman who grew up during the revolution, and after adulthood, made the jump from Plucky Girl to this by joining the army. Not much of her character arc has been revealed yet, except for her being highly decorated for her service in the Second World War (as well as gaining quite a few scars from it, both of the physical and mental kind).
  • Allohistorical Allusion:
    • Henry Wallace thinks he would remain a "simple farmer" without the influence of communism; he became a politician in spite of the radically changed political landscape.
    • The Southern Strategy makes an appearance as a political project, but rather it being the Republican party trying to get disenfranchised Dixiecrats to vote for them after the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s, it is instead Workers' Communist Party trying to bridge the gap between poor whites and blacks in the Southern States and motivate them to become joint revolutionaries against the "Bourbon class".
    • The support by the right-wing of the Workers' Communist Party to appoint MacArthur as secretary of war after Norman Thomas' Presidential election mirrors Salvador Allende, socialist president of Chile, appointing Pinochet as Chief of Staff of the Army. Both MacArthur and Pinochet went on to overthrow the democratically socialist elected government.
    • The United States government's exile to the island of Cuba alludes to the exile of the nationalists to the island of Formosa (Taiwan) after their defeat in the Chinese Civil War.
    • Operation Ajax, an American-sponsored political coup against the Pahlavi Shah in Iran to establish a Comintern-friendly regime, follows the same patterns as the historical one in 1952 (including the orchestral role of a person named Kermit Roosevelt), aside from that ITTL the event took place in 1940 and it is a Communist regime that's established afterwards.
    • The infamous film-producer Harry Cohn's death from a heart attack in 1958, while corresponding to his OTL death, also is an allusion to the death of Harry Warner that same year. Both caused by the great personal defeat of having their film company (Columbia in Cohn's case, Warner Bros in Warner's case) bought out from under them by Jack Warner (Cohn's rival and Harry's fellow "Warner Brother").
    • Following Canada's turn to Communism in the 1980s, the late 1980s see the growth of a local cultural movement called "Canuck Kitsch", revolving around nostalgia for pre-Red Canada, especially products available in Canada before the Red Turn. This is meant invoke a similar cultural phenomenon from OTL in the East Germany areas after the fall of the wall, called "Ostalgie", which is similarly about nostalgia for the old East German state.
    • Elon Musk, still a rich businessman ITTL, invests some of his money in starting a Video Review Show with himself as the host, which proves quite popular, leading him to build up an entire company, called NerdWorks, around his reviews, which ends up picking up several similar internet shows, much in the vein of The Nostalgia Critic and Channel Awesome of OTL. To strengthen the parallel, Musk and NerdWorks land in hot water in the late 2010s when a scandal involving allegations of widespread mistreatment and toxic workplace environment amongst his fellow content creators rocks the company, very much similar to the #ChangeTheChannel controversy of OTL.
    • Arthur MacArthur's defection from Americuba to the UASR parallels Svetlana Alliluyeva (Stalin's daughter) defecting from the USSR to the United States in OTL.
  • Alternate History: Complete with excerpts of the universe's AlternateHistory.com.
  • Alternate History Wank: Multiple ideologies and nations are subject to this:
    • The United Republics cause a wank for the communist movement, being an already industrialized nation with sophisticated infrastructure and a large scientific community. A series of revolutions in Central and Latin America inspired by the American revolution expanded the Comintern membership to dozens.
    • Nazi Germany is also wanked, as it avoids most of its Easy Logistics problems and gains access to Libyan oil, along with initial financial support from Britain and France, and Brazil, Sweden, and Turkey being taken over by fascist governments, resulting in the former outright joining the Axis powers as an equal partner, and the latter two forming an strategic alliance with Nazi Germany. This happens because otherwise Nazi Germany would be curb stomped by the combined American and Soviet forces which would not make for a very interesting story.
    • Inverted with neoliberalism, which is mostly a fringe ideology. The Capitalist Bloc by The New '10s have vast welfare states which in most cases are more expansive than what existed in real life, as a way for capitalists to prevent the working class from joining communist movements.
  • Aluminum Christmas Trees: The idea of the Franco-British Union, a fully politically integrated collaboration between the United Kingdom and France, might sound somewhat outlandish to modern readers, but it is actually a national enity that both British and French politicians had seriously considered and openly negotiated about creating at several points during the 20th century, and it even come fairly close to existing during OTL World War II. The attempts at creating a Franco-British Union might actually be considered one of the spiritual predecessors of the European Union.
  • Assassination Attempt: Part of the change in the timeline is because this fails to happen, when Leon Czolgosz is arrested for vagrancy by a racist cop, before he can make his assassination attempt against President McKinley.
  • Author Avatar: The authors said the in-universe discussion board character "flibbertygibbet" most closely represents one of the authors' (Aelita) views. The in-universe poster "Ziburinis Squared" is also based on another of the Authors (The Red Star Rising).
  • Black-and-Grey Morality: The United Republics' foreign policy, mainly trying to push along the World Revolution, is also noted to be extremely aggressive, to the point where even convinced socialist historians have looked back on certain controversial decisions with critical eyes, and described them as needlessly belligerent and even occasionally jeopardizing the world peace. The policy of kickstarting industrialization amongst its communist allies in South America, is in hindsight viewed as mainly being an attempt at strengthening its own position in those countries, and it is noted that the process happened at a steep humanitarian cost for the local peasantry. Similarly, the decision to overthrow the governments of Iceland and Iran during the Second World War — with both states having been neutral parties in the war — while justified back in the day as a case of military exigency, is seen as morally dubious at best in the decades after the war.
  • Bomb-Throwing Anarchists: Subverted. Emma Goldman, aka Red Emma, is a powerful figure in the Revolutionary government. This causes much debate in the Anarchist Movement. Anarcho-syndicalism in particular plays a large part in the organisation that enables the Red May revolution and it has been hinted that Chicago may effectively become an anarchist commune.
  • Canada, Eh?: Averted. Canada is stated to become a front of the future Cold War between the FBU and the UASR, with a heavily guarded border, nuclear weapons pointed at the United Republics, and a Quebec secession crisis causing this timeline's Cuban Missile Crisis in 1979.
  • Chummy Commies: The United Republics and communists in general are pretty clearly the heroes, in spite of moral complexities. They do include some individual Dirty Communists, like Patton, Eisenhower, Nixon, and J. Edgar Hoover. Even good ol' Honest Lincoln gets an in-universe posthumous baptism as a good comrade.
  • Cosmopolitan Council: The Axis Powers, more so than OTL, as in TTL Integralist Brazil joins their side, giving them a proper ally in the Americans.
  • Cincinnatus: The Marxist interpretation of the "dictatorship of the proletariat" is this, as enacted more-or-less successfully by the Workers' Communist Party. The principle was that during the revolution, the whole of the working class, organized by the party, would take complete control of the state in order to enact its transformative program. In-universe, how well they fit this ideal is less clear.
  • Demoted to Extra: Theodore Roosevelt does not become US president, being reduced to a historical footnote. Though it's implied he becomes popular during the Second Cultural Revolution amongst conservationists.
  • Different World, Different Movies: Flash Gordon is first published in 1934, as in our world, but due to the Second Civil War, not to mention the much greater acceptance of communism even before that, combined with fascism losing much of it's support in the U.S, the Arch-Enemy of Flash Gordon isn't Ming The Merciless, but rather Adolph The Abominable.
  • Dirty Communists: Stalin and most of the USSR, but especially the leaders of the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (the NKVD) and especially Lavrentiy Beria. Following Stalin's violent death in the Battle of Moscow in 1941, some of the Russian military leaders who have remain loyal to the ideals of the revolution reach out their American counterparts and hatch a Benevolent Conspiracy to clean the Soviet house of authoritarians, especially the NKVD leadership who had been mainly responsible for enabling Stalin and his numerous purges. This changes the culture of the USSR for the better, though some, most prominently Vyacheslav Molotov are able to get away with their involvement in Stalin's crimes for political reasons.
  • Everybody Has Lots of Sex: One of the consequences of the American Cultural Revolution in the mid-thirties is the liberalization of sexual mores. However, it's not entirely clear exactly how much sex constitutes "lots of sex" in this case; an in-universe discussion commenter castigates the in-universe version of Public Enemies for depicting so many threesomes, saying he can see "that sort of thing happening in the fifties, but not the thirties." The liberalization of sexual mores is not entirely without controversy; indeed, the opposition Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party in this time gains a fair amount of converts by shifting radically to the left economically but to the right on moral values. A Second Cultural Revolution spanning from the late '50s through the 1970s (not yet written, but planned for future updates) results in even further liberalization of sexual mores.
    • It's also noted by a present-day member of a web forum from America that this is apparently exaggerated in-universe outside of America; in something corresponding roughly to the dominant cultural mores of contemporary American society in the actual timeline, places like New York and California tend to be very socially liberal (and thus closer to this trope) whereas places in the Midwest and the South, while perhaps more liberal in these ways, still tend to be more conservative.
  • Face Death with Dignity: President-Elect Norman Thomas does not flinch in the face of the detachment of the MacArthur-lead coup coming to summarily execute him. Instead, he correctly assumes that the men has come to kill him and calmly tells them that he is Not Afraid to Die, while just as calmly pleading for them to stop what they are doing as it would surely doom the American nation to destruction. He then finally tells them if their minds is set on killing him, they should just stop wasting his time and Get It Over With already.
  • Face–Heel Turn: MacArthur's betrayal of the US government. Henry Ford himself flees to Nazi Germany and becomes a fierce supporter of Adolf Hitler.
  • Fictional United Nations: Two examples. In lieu of a singular global United Nations, the Third Communist International and the Alliance of Free States serve as equivalents in the communist and capitalist bloc respectively.
  • Framing Device: The timeline is generally told through in universe historical documents, but also through glimpses of discussion by board members of the alternate world's AH.com.
  • General Ripper: General Douglas MacArthur lives up to this during the Second American Civil War and subsequent dictatorship in exile in Cuba.
  • Good Is Not Soft: The United Republics are a nation of people devoted to social equality and individual liberty. But their early history is marked by political repression, including kangaroo courts and summary executions against a junta that tried to destroy American democracy. World War II is described as having been even bloodier, and even though how much of the carnage was produced by the army of the UASR has not been specified, it's clear that they put up one hell of a fight.
    • It is evident that the parts of the United Republics government view themselves as such, with some of its founding members having witnessed events such as the domestic capitalist elite being willing to sacrifice American democracy on the pyre of profit and then afterwards cynically collaborate with the very same fascists who staged some of the worst atrocities in human history, means that Captalism, in any its forms, will always be inherently abhorrent, and as such the desire to fight it by spreading the World Revolution is in turn inherently morally justified, and that sometimes dirty means must used in this fight. This worldview, and the consequence that stem from it, is often examined and even criticized in-universe.
  • Karmic Death: Lavrentiy Beria, one the greatest enablers of Stalin's purges and a depraved monster in his own right (even amongst the other already pretty cruel leaders of the NKVD), who's orders has had several thousands Soviet citizens summarily executed, is himself taken down by a American and Russian soldier-commissar team, who has him secretly arrested and killed without a trial, before leaving his corpse to rot in a shallow grave.
  • Kick the Son of a Bitch: While the persecution of political rivals in the beginning of the United Republics is clearly inexcusable both in and out of universe, many of the victims of the old Kangaroo Courts were indeed people who tried to stifle American democracy, like the KKK and George Marshall.
  • Lower-Deck Episode: The short stories about ordinary people's lives, contrasting with the big picture narrative focused on nations and governments.
  • Rape Is a Special Kind of Evil: Jane Schafer is at first a bit hesitant to join the joint Russian-American Benevolent Conspiracy that wants to clean out the remnants of Stalin's authoritarian cabinet following the infamous Soviet leader's death. A short explanation of who Lavrentiy Beria is, and the fact that he has used the power of his office to get away with preying on young women for years, later and she is completely onboard with leading a assassination squad against him.
  • Realpolitik: Many people who were famously anti-Communist in OTL, are quick to profess their loyalty to the new Socialist post-revolution government, simply because it is a convenient way for them to keep at least some of their status and power. Most notable is J. Edgar Hoover, who — as the American Red Army is about to invade Washington DC — offers MacArthur to have his men from the NIB help with the evacuation effort. As such Hoover and his men are able to gather together a sizeable group of high-ranking businessmen and politicians looking to escape the advancing Socialist army, but instead of evacuating them, Hoover orders them placed under arrest, and then later surrenders them to the Socialist government for legal persecution, thereby successfully currying a lot of favor with the new leaders and escaping any persecution himself. He ends up being appointed to the first People's Secretary of Public Safety following the Revolution, and takes up the task with much zeal, successfully cracking down upon both The Mafia and the Kosher Nostra, as well as several Evil Reactionary groupings during his time in office.
    • Following Stalin's death in 1941, many of the high-ranking supporters of his totalitarian politics (most prominently the exceedingly cruel and corrupt Lavrentiy Beria) are covertly purged in the confusion of the on-going World War II by a Benevolent Conspiracy between Russian and American military intelligentsias who wants to push the USSR in a less authoritarian direction. Vyacheslav Molotov, despite his own status as loyal Stalin supporter, is a notable exception, as he quickly realizes which the way the wind is blowing when he succeeds Stalin as General Secretary, and chooses to give the conspiracy his full support, and the conspirators in turn accept his help as his approval and collaboration makes it easier to achieve their goals. As a result, when the USSR following the war decides to examine and hold public hearings on the extend of Stalin and his regime's crimes, Molotov's substantial part in said crimes is conveniently severely downplayed and even overlooked entirely.
  • The Remnant: Americuba, which becomes a refuge for American anti-Communist exiles under MacArthur after the Revolution, claims to be the legitimate continuation of the old United States and acknowledges the UASR as an insurgent state.
  • The Revolution Will Not Be Civilized/The Revolution Will Not Be Vilified: Employs both tropes to an extent; it's more like The Revolution Will Not Be Sunshine and Rainbows. The new government in America may be more democratic than the Soviet Union, but it is far from squeamish. Nonetheless, it pretty unambiguously has the moral high ground over the U.S. government, which was willing to suspend the Constitution and declare war on its own populace when an election went in a manner it didn't like. It allows other pseudo-socialist parties to run in elections, but it doesn't suppress the electoral vote when an election goes awry. After the Revolt of the Cadres, any remaining authoritarian tendencies were swept away and democratic values dominated.
  • Richard Nixon, the Used Car Salesman:
    • Ayn Rand: This world is 100 percent guaranteed to make her squirm. After a self-imposed exile from her adopted country, her work has become decidedly more dystopian than it would have been and, if possible, even more politically extremist.
    • Douglas MacArthur: The point man for the military junta that pressured outgoing President Hoover into suspending the constitution and crushing the commies for good. He was President Evil for Life of the exile US government in Cuba, until his death after a long period of illness in 1964.
    • George Orwell: Still hates the USSR, cautiously optimistic about Red America. His stories are less soul-crushingly depressing. The Last Man in Europe (this timeline's version of 1984) becomes less of a Shoot the Shaggy Dog story as Winston Smith escapes to America and witnesses a debate in Times Square.
    • George Patton: Old Blood and Guts has lived a very different life and had a very different military career. So different that he's one of the main military leaders of the Revolution.
    • Richard Nixon: Revealed to eventually become head of government of the UASR, though currently he has only directly appeared in a short story, as the head of a local military committee drumming up recruitment, and has a conversation with the protagonist about her choice to sign up.
    • Humphrey Bogart did some odd jobs and some acting in theater and short film, but eventually found his true calling in the Red Guards, fighting against the KKK in the South. As a result of that and his later Civil War service, he was inducted into StateSec, and did several stints as a intelligence agent posted in France, Spain and other foreign countries.
    • Ronald Reagan sort of remains an actor in this time; that is to say, in the 1950s he is a newsreader and sports commentator on radio, and in the 1960s and 1970s, he has become a news anchor on TV.
    • Mao Zedong tries, but never really manages to make a breakthrough as a political leader in the Chinese Communism movement. In fact, some of his political views eventually result in his excommunication from the party's middle management. Instead, he becomes increasingly interested in the trade of writing, and becomes a famous and influential poet and playwright. At the time of his death in 1976, Mao had published over thirty books, including poetry, plays, and essays on socialism and politics, and his autobiography which numbered four volumes.
    • Greta Garbo: Never changes her name from Gustafsson and becomes the first lady of the UASR in the late 40s.
    • Ron Paul: Secretary-General of the Democratic-Republican Party (a social-democrat party on the center of the UASR political spectrum) in 2009.
    • Sean Hannity: A pundit and writer in the same style as in real life, except a hardcore Marxist.
    • Henry Ford: Flees America to join with Nazi Germany when he sees the writing on the wall in America, teaming up with Albert Speer to build up the economies of the Axis to be better suited for total war. Ends up executed following a guilty verdict at the Nuremberg trials.
    • Joseph Breen, the infamous enforcer of The Hays Code, is one of the many conservatives who relocates to Cuba, where he takes up his old job as a leading film censor in the Americuban film industry. He is eventually removed from his position by order of MacArthur himself following World War II, when film producers Harry Cohn and Jack Warner, both members of MacArthur's inner circle, complain to the president that Breen's constant objections to violent content hinders the production of patriotic films.
    • Phillipe LeClerc leads Free France during WWII and becomes the President of France after the war.
    • William Luther Pierce is still an infamous white supremacist in this timeline. The difference is that he ties his racism and anti-Semitism to leftist language, and rather than founding the far-right National Alliace of OTL, his organisation is instead called the Socialist Action Front, which is effectively a Strasserist movement with a heavy white supremacist bend (yes, Pierce and his ilk effectively become actual Commie Nazis).
    • Newt Gingrich attempts to go into politics in the UASR as a military internationalist, but is unsuccessful. Disappointed by his failure, he instead decides to focus on his writing career, becoming a prolific writer of political fiction and science fiction (the latter of which he writes under his full name of Newton Gingrich), but his true breakthrough as an author comes with a popular series of military techno-thrillers, which he starts writing when the Cold War heats up in the 1980s, effectively making him the Tom Clancy of this timeline, with his name becoming a brand in and of itself, just like Clancy's.
    • Iain M. Banks becomes the leader of the FBU Labour Party until his death from cancer.
    • Peter Capaldi, in turn, is the leader of the Entente Section of the Communist International by the ITTL Present Day.
  • Self-Fulfilling Prophecy:
    • One of the in-universe historical texts frames the Second Civil War and the American Socialist Revolution in this way, suggesting that in declaring the election that brought the Socialist Party to power to be void and seizing power by force against the will of the people, MacArthur and the other coup leaders ended up creating the very socialist uprising and revolution that they were afraid would overthrow them in the first place.
  • Shell-Shocked Veteran:
    • George Patton. No, really; in this timeline the US ends up entering the First World War two years earlier and fighting in some of the bloodiest battles, taking much heavier losses. And Old Blood and Guts himself was on the frontline for them. He may not have developed full-blown PTSD, but he came home a greatly changed man, and very bitter towards the politicians who'd sent a million of his comrades-in-arms to their deaths for no particularly good reason.
    • Janey Schaefer, one of the few direct POV characters and an officer who fought in World War II, is quite self-aware about the fact that she is struggling with some degree of Survivor's Guilt and associated traumas after coming home from the Eastern front.
  • Show Within a Show: While a lot of these exist, the most prominent and frequently returned to an example is Amanda Waver's constructed mythology/superhero setting for the new Red America, featuring Amanda Aaron; who has the alias Commander Columbia when she assumes the aspect of "the new, proletarian Jupiter."
  • Shut Up, Kirk!: President-Elect Norman Thomas makes a valiant, but doomed attempt at convincing the men who has come to kill him as a part of the large-scale coup against the incoming Socialist government, that their actions are only going to have the opposite effect of what they are hoping to achieve:
    Norman Thomas: Think very hard about what you are doing, son. Once you go down this road, there is no going back. This sets a precedent that will cast a pall over this country for a century. You think what you are doing is going to save the country, to save liberty, but you are the ones murdering them.
    Lt. John C. Williams: (pistol-whips Thomas) Shut up, you Red bastard!
  • Sliding Scale of Alternate History Plausibility: Started out with a Type IV and slowly moved until it became a Type II. More specifically, every single PoD that could help the American socialist movement (no early splits, progressivism strangled in the crib, early participation in the First World War radicalizing the troops) occurs. Also, after the Russian Revolution, the Socialist Party doesn't split between reformists and revolutionaires.
    • The "hard" Alternate History is that progressives manage to achieve crucial reforms, but do ultimately not stop the United States from becoming One Nation Under Copyright which results in corporations harshly cracking down on the moderate labor unions, leaving the radical unions as the only recourse left.
    • However there are events occurring outside of America that could not be affected by the PoDs such as the United Kingdom implementing the proposed Imperial Federation, a greater cooperation between the KMT and the Chinese Communist Party and the American
  • We ARE Struggling Together: Subverted; both during the Civil War and the Cultural Revolution, the American socialist system's greater flexibility in dealing with ideological differences (both within the socialist parties themselves and in allowing the inclusion of right-leaning Democrats and Republicans who opposed the Junta into the political process) ultimately proves more durable than the Soviet system's rigid ideological inflexibility.
  • Well-Intentioned Extremist: Practically the whole cast is made up of this. It's also generally an audience reaction since most of those individuals are not considered extremists in-universe.
  • World War III: Much like the Cold War of OTL, this becomes a much feared possiblity in the Post-WWII world, and indeed it comes close to happen several times. The 1980s, which was a period marked by tensions between the Communist and Capitalist blocs being at their highest, have been refered to in-universe as the "Long Eighties" and even "World War III".
  • Utopia: Deconstructed. Is life in the United Republics better? Perhaps. Is it very different? Absolutely. The authors seem to take a subjective approach. While Communism is often seen as a utopian ideology, and the UASR has many of the facets of utopia (free love, classless society, great freedoms), this comes at a cost that people socialized to live in a capitalist democratic republic might find quite uncomfortable, such as very great social pressures to participate in political and social life and other duties that don't gel well with an individualistic society. The cultural and social values that developed over a century of tremendous divergence, revolution, and the like are very much alien.

     Older Versions Tropes 
  • Bavarian Fire Drill: Essentially describes President Hebert Hoover and MacArthur's suspension of the Constitution and attempted power grab. It doesn't work.
  • Black-and-Grey Morality: The United Republics are presented in a more positive light than most of the other governments of the time, but it is far from perfect. Amongst its abuses include the setting up of kangaroo courts and the execution of potentially innocent civilians (though nowhere near on the scale of Stalinist Russia).
  • Canon Discontinuity: All threads prior to the Great Crusade have been overwritten by the Sufficient Velocity version, making the older versions a Broad Strokes draft of the timeline.
  • Early Installment Weirdness: In the original conception, the Cold War would evolve into a three-way conflict between the Franco-British Unionnote , the Soviet Unionnote  and the United Republicsnote . However the Soviet Union would eventually democratize and the Cold War would be between Comintern and the FBU with China as wildcard.
  • Evil Cannot Comprehend Good: A Soviet diplomat is dumbfounded when the revolutionary American government doesn't shoot Robert Taft for not taking his oath of office, and this pisses off Joseph Stalin to no end.
  • Fictional Political Party: In the older versions the political parties of the United Republics circa 2009 were, from right to left:
    • The Democratic-Republican Party is socially conservative and aligned with the private sector and worker cooperatives, opposing government intervention in the economy and education and being extremely isolationist.
    • The Left Democrats are christian socialists with a focus on pacifism and social justice with some support for market reforms in luxury consumer goods, as well being moderate in cultural issues.
    • Progressive Labor Party supports a centrally planned economy, champions the values of the First Cultural Revolution and an aggressive foreign policy.
    • The Socialist Party champions pragmatic economics that includes both workers' councils and state intervention, an aggressive foreign policy and champions changes to cultural norms.
    • The Social Ecology Union favors economic decentralization with state-provided enviromental regulations, a green culture and detente with the capitalist bloc.
  • In Spite of a Nail: America and the Soviet Union would still end up in a Cold War, in spite of both being socialist countries with the United Republics. This is one of the major divergences from the earlier versions.
  • The Purge: The United Republics, particularly under Foster, was willing to arrest politicians that did not swore the oath of office, purging disloyal people in the party and military as well being willing to execute John Birch (who was sixteen) for supporting Western Terrorists.
  • The Revolution Will Not Be Civilized: The United Republics government isn't perfect about following its own Constitution in the early days either (in fact, it's quite authoritarian, although nowhere near as much as the USSR's government), but it doesn't suppress the electoral vote when an election goes awry. It's seen as a What the Hell, Hero? moment in the present day.

     Great Crusade SV Versions Tropes  
  • 10-Minute Retirement: Quite a few high-ranking members of the United Republics government, most prominently Premier William Z. Foster, greatly distrust J. Edgar Hoover in his position as Secretary of Public Safety; an opinion which is not entirely unjustifiable given Hoover's past as head of the NIB, and the fact that Hoover, despite having sworn fealty to the new government and the cause of Socialism, and does his job well, very much is still up to his old, authoritarian tricks. When the Revolt of the Cadres hits Detroit in 1937, Foster is through political manoeuvring able to use the crisis to force Hoover to resign and go into retirement. When the Second World War begins in 1940 and Foster resigns as a result, the UASR government agrees that Hoover, despite his character flaws, still is the best man they have to head the nation's intelligence department, something that is especially needed in time of war, and calls him back from retirement and reinstates him as Secretary of Public Safety.
  • Adaptational Heroism: Well, he's still a murderer, but considering that his victim in this timeline is the Grand Wizard of the KKK, John Dillinger falls under this. He also becomes a Sergeant in the Spartacus League instead of embarking on a life of crime, so there's that. In a twist of irony, he leads a raid against a group of bank robbers hiding in a motel, led by his fellow (in the original timeline) gangster "Machine Gun" Kelly.
  • Amazon Brigade: A very literal example. The all female combat units of the Red Army during the 30s and 40s are often called "the Amazon Brigades" colloquially.
  • Assassination Attempt:
    • In 1927, a successful one happens on Independence Day against the popular reformist-Republican President Leonard Wood at the hands of a KKK member, who was angry at his broad reforms helping to enfranchise black people in the South. Wood is gravely wounded by two shots to the chest in the attempt, and succumbs to his injuries seven days later, leading to his vice-President, Herbert Hoover ascending to the presidency.
    • The 1932 assassination attempt against Japanese Emperor Hirohito by a Korean independence activist, known as the Sakuradamon Incident, still takes place. What is changed though, is that the attack is slightly more successful as Hirohito is seriously wounded in the attempt and never fully recovers from his injuries, and is ultimately left partially incapacitated, allowing his younger brother, Yasuhito, Prince Chichibu, to assume the position of Kampaku, the Emperor's chief advisor, thereby becoming the de facto head of the Japanese state.
    • In May 1940, John Birch attempts to assassinate Premier William Z. Foster, as he speaks at Emma Goldman's funeral in Chicago. Birch is unsuccessful as a body guard spots him in the crowd trying to pull out a gun, and tackles him to the ground, causing the shot meant for Foster to hit another funeral guest, H.L. Mencken, non-fatally in the arm instead. Foster is still left deeply shaken by the event, and eventually it becomes a decisive factor in his decision to retire from his office and public life shortly thereafter.
    • In 1966, the White Surpremist Robert B. Patterson carries out an attack against Premier Richard Nixon with a handgun. Though Patterson manages to hit and wound his target before he is stopped, Nixon survives and eventually makes a full recovery.
  • Bavarian Fire Drill: Essentially describes Longworth and MacArthur's suspension of the Constitution and attempted power grab. It doesn't work.
  • Better to Die than Be Killed:
    • Nicholas Longworth, the disgraced political leader of the National Salvation Front coup, attempts suicide by hanging in his prison cell, rather than facing official prosecution by the Socialist government. His attempt fails when he is discovered in the act.
    • The Green Guard's most fanatical units decide that rather than face the justice of war crime trials in the days following Brazil's official surrender to the United nations and the restoration of the Empire they may as well die on their feet. This results in Salgado's most die hard fanatics to gather for one last charge, announcing their intention to attack the troops that were meant to accept their surrender with a final broadcast of "Death before Dishonor" and being killed to a man after a spectacular but unwinnable fight. It would almost be poetic if they weren't a State Sec fond of terror tactics, war crimes, and raping female POWs.
  • Bomb-Throwing Anarchists: Played with and subverted. The Workers' Party defended anarchist terrorists in court of law before the Revolution and after the Revolution, the General Union of Anarchists take a moderate view of the new socialist state due to the strong influence of syndicalism in the Workers' Party. Emma Goldman served as Secretary of Labor and enforced strong workplace regulations and mandatory union membership.
  • Brains and Brawn: In the pro-Nazi rump "Free American State" in Byelorussia, William Dudley Pelley is Brains to Virgil Effinger's Brawn. While Pelley is a political leader of micronation and skilled administrator, Effinger is a leader of paramilitary squad and the main overseer of torture and executions of Soviet and American prisoners.
  • Conspiracy Theorist:
    • Those Wacky Nazis mix this with The Fundamentalist. This comes to bite them during the later stage of WWII when they believe the Allies had been duped by Jews and leftists and will take little effort to convince to join in fighting the Comintern. They are wrong.
    • Robert W. Welch becomes a popular voice amongst the in-exile American government on Cuba, eventually getting his own radio talk show, Private Opinion, where he preaches anti-Communism, his own brand of pro-Capitalist Christianity, and support for MacArthur's regime. However, in the early 1960s, around the same time MacArthur's health starts waning, Welch's radio show gets an increasingly bizarre and erratic bent, as his radio sermons start turning into unhinged rants, speaking of communism as an "ancient, satanic conspiracy" in league with the Illuminati, which he believes is run by the British Royal Family. Welch's superiors at first quietly edit out some of his weirder outbursts from the broadcast, but following MacArthur's death, it gets harder to ignore the fact that Welch is slowly, but surely going insane, as he publicly accuses MacArthur's successor, Robert Kennedy, of being a high ranking MDSS agent known as "Raven", controlled by J. Edgar Hoover to assassinate MacArthur and sublimate the Americuban government back under American control. Private Opinion is then eventually taken off-air in 1964 for inflammatory rhetoric against the President (and for promoting dubious health products). This doesn't sit well with Howard Hughes, who gets in touch with Welch and gives him a platform on his private radio station, over protests from his business advisors that Welch is too unstable and erratic to be trusted, allowing Welch to bring back Private Opinion in 1966. At first, Welch is given great editorial freedom by Hughes, allowing his publicly broadcasted ramblings to get even weirder and crazier, culminating in in the early 1970s where he repeatedly accuses the government of the French-British Union of being in on the Communist-Illuminati conspiracy; this results in trouble and embarrassment for Hughes, as he has been commissioned to work on governmental projects for the FBU and makes him realize that he has to rein Welch in to some degree, so he has him gradually Kicked Upstairs, having more and more of Private Opinion's airtime devoted to guest spots, while Welch is made director of programming and production, effectively taking him and his opinions off the air. Welch doesn't get any less crazier, however, and instead start obsessively wasting company resources on sending lower-ranking staff reporters out all over the world to find evidence for his insane theories (unsurprisingly, these expeditions all prove fruitless). Welch finally manages to burn his last bridges in 1980, as he causes a major incident when he breaks onto the set of the live talkshow The Red Hour with Lord Richard Cecil during broadcast, pushes the host out of his seat and angrily yells about the FBU being in cahoots with the Illuminati and conspiring to ensure the "Satanic World Order", before the show is cut off. Hughes, having died in 1976, is not around to protect Welch this time, and he is immediately fired and effectively blacklisted from all media business.
  • Cool Plane: The Soviets largely use the same planes they did in our timeline, while the British use some different aircraft such as the Avro London heavy bomber. The Germans start the war with the usual Bf-109s, Stukas, and Ju-88s, but move onto more advanced TA-190s and unlike OTL; make use of a four engined strategic bomber known as the He-277 well regarded by all sides in the war. The American lineup is perhaps the most changed with aircraft like the F-35 Belladonna and the B-23 Superfortress (roughly equivalent to the B-29). The Italians and Japanese make their own entrees into the cool plane contest of course.
  • Cool Ship: The Enterprise, America's most decorated warship ever, also appears in this timeline albeit with some alterations. In terms of battleships, the Yamato, Fate, Il Duce, and Lion class battleships are probably the most grandiose expressions of this trope as the world's navies race to build the biggest and baddest ship they can.
    • Deconstructed somewhat with the Bismarck, where its OTL design flaws that lead it to being several thousand tons heavier than the USS North Carolina class battleship while having less firepower and being less well defended from long ranged plunging fire are called to attention in an in-universe thread. More specifically, the German battleships are built around a "banded armor, turtleback" scheme where armour is generally spread across the ship while the Citadel (the most heavily armoured part of the ship meant to protect the vital components) was quite small and only guarded absolute essentials. America, Britain, and Japan however use "all or nothing", where the ship focuses on protecting the most vital areas (the belt, the citadel, and the deck) and only leaves the minimum for everything else to save weight. This means that shells striking nonvital parts of the ship will simply pass through, whereas the Bismarck had just enough armour to let shells arm and detonate after penetrating non-vital components. The Bismarck's armour scheme is excellent in close ranged naval combat like in the first world war, but because of the thin deck armour in particular and the small citadel not protecting a number of secondary components, is not well suited to protecting from long ranged, radar directed "plunging fire" where shells come in from a steep angle onto the top of the ship.
      • The effects of these are seen in the battle of Iceland between the American and German fleets where despite the Germans having a significant advantage in the number of capital ships, are crushed by the Americans in the gun battle. Bad design choices with regards to German aircraft carrier design also mean that despite having two carriers to America's three at the battle, the Americans had a three to one numerical advantage in number of planes.
  • Curb-Stomp Cushion: Operation Teutonic, the Nazi invasion of the USSR which kick-starts TTL's World War II. The Soviets lose across the board but they do put up a decent fight all things considered and do mange to score several small victories that prevents the invasion from being an outright curbstomp. Operation Mercury, the Soviet counteroffensive in Northern Ukraine manages to encircle and capture and entire Panzer division slightly making up for the much larger encirclement and capture of Soviet troops in Byelorussia.
  • Death by Adaptation: Charles Lindbergh dies during his transatlantic flight, presumably due to choosing London as his goal instead of Paris, and it's presumed he crashes somewhere over the Atlantic as he never arrives.
  • Defector from Decadence: JFK in this timeline. At first his exiled family think he died in the revolutionary violence and hold him up as a martyr only to learn later he actually joined the Revolution, changed his name to Sean Cinnéide and is now studying at West Point.
  • Demoted to Extra: In the older versions, Herbert Hoover played an (unwilling) role in start of MacArthur's attempted coup. But in the newer canon, it's First Secretary Nicholas Longworth that conspires with the military to overthrow the government and Hoover was simply forced to rubber stamp the destruction of American democracy.
  • Different World, Different Movies:
    • Flash Gordon is first published in 1934, as in our world, but due to the Second Civil War, not to mention the much greater acceptance of communism even before that, combined with fascism losing much of it's support in the U.S, the Arch-Enemy of Flash Gordon isn't Ming The Merciless, but rather Adolph The Abominable.
    • Gone with the Wind comes into being as an Americuban production, becoming a smash hit in Britian and Cuba, while American critics decry it as "racist" and "neo-Confederate". The main differences are that the film is released in 1938 rather than 1939, and stars Errol Flynn as Rhett, rather than Clark Gable.
    • Frank Capra still makes a version of Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, still starring Jimmy Stewart. This version is simply called Comrade Smith, and it overtly references the "Revolt of the Cadres" incident.
    • With William Randolph Hearst's media empire sundered by the Revolution, and Hearst himself living in exile in England, Orson Welles redevelops his Citizen Kane project to be much more frank about its subject matter, noticing "we could just take down the man himself. There's nothing he can do to us now." The film, now simply titled Hearst, is released on December 20, 1940 (opposed to Citzen Kane's May 1, 1941 release of OTL), and would be a critical success, go on to sweep the Oscars, and, yes, ends up regarded as one of the greatest films ever made.
    • While the James Bond series still takes off as a popular book and film franchise, there are several differences: The first Bond film is an adaptation of Casino Royale, which is released in 1954, and stars David Niven as Bond and Leslie Nielsen as Felix Leiter, and with Alfred Hitchcock as director and uncredited co-writer. The plot is the same, albeit with the Americans replacing the Soviets, and Leiter, instead of Bond's friend, becoming a secondary villain and The Rival. Leiter and the American spy organization he belongs to, DITR8R (an attempt to Americanize the Soviet SMERSH) would become Bond's main enemies for the most of the other films (culminating in a final duel between Leiter and Bond in TTL's The Man with the Golden Gun), with SPECTRE largely relegated to common enemy or "villain for peacetime" status.
    • Gene Roddenberry still creates and manages to turn Star Trek into a lasting multi-media franchise. The main differences being that Gene is already able to get The Original Series off the ground in the autumn of 1964 (resulting in the show lasting for four seasons and a total of 81 episodes), that the character of Captain Kirk is a bisexual woman (being Gillian T. Kirk rather than James T. Kirk) and is played by none other than Marilyn Monroe (though in this timeline she still goes under her old name of Norma Jeane Baker), and that Bones is a Russian rather than an American (this also results in the character of Scotty not being invented until the second season, working as an analogue for Chekov in that he represents a European nationality). But in the end, even with the changes in timelines, Gene is still Gene, with Warts and All, and some of his more infamous and ill-advised story ideas and views on women and sexuality still ultimately makes it onto screen, with roughly the same results as in OTL; being seen as somewhat problematic elements of an otherwise beloved and famously progressive show.
    • Jaws by Steven Spielberg still comes into being, being at first a surprise hit in the UASR and USSR. Talks about distributing it in the capitalist countries stall for a bit, due to the distributor (Franco-British leftist film collective Vertov, a riff on an OTL group run by Jean-Luc Godard) finding the film too commercial (having distributed documentaries and social realist films prior to that) and that a part of the plotline about a corrupt nomenklatura covering up shark attacks for political gain is contrary to their goals of promoting communism. But a deal is eventually made, and, much to everyone's surprise the film becomes a hit on the capitalist market too, defining the idea of the summer blockbuster. (It is also implied that rather than making Poltergeist in this timeline, Spielberg instead chooses to finish developing the Sci-Fi Horror film Watch the Skies!, a project he never finished in OTL, but inspired him to make Poltergeist in the first place.)
    • A version of The Simpsons also comes into being with the title Reactor 420-69. As said title implies, this version is less of a Dom Com and a bit more of a Work Com, focusing mainly on the antics of Homer Simpson, who is the incompetent commissar and inspector of a local nuclear power plant. The show ends up running for 12 seasons, the final season ending with Homer getting involved in politics, first as a local representative, before finally gradually rising the to the office of the Premier of the United Republics. The series finale becomes (in)famous, as Premier Homer accidentally nukes London, and the show ends on a surprisingly dark note as World War III is imminent.
    • J. R. R. Tolkien's seminal works, The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, still exist in the form they had in OTL (largely as in exercise in exploring the limitations of historical materialism), and both become literary breakouts that come to define the modern Fantasy genre, as well as being a huge influence on Tabletop RPGs, even gaining a sizeable fanbase in Red America. The main difference is that Lord of the Rings is published as a sextology (using the internal divisions of each of the three OTL books, which was one of the proposed publishing methods before going with the trilogy). While Ralph Bakshi and Peter Jackson both still adapt The Lord of the Rings into film, the adaptations are slightly different. Bakshi's adaptation is of all six books, instead of just the first two OTL, and he manages to complete it. Jackson's adaptation is an international co-production, involving film crews from both capitalist and communist nations, and also a sextology, rather than a trilogy, which he and his collaborators put together for the better part of a decade, winning numerous awards in the process, and eventually capping off their work with The Return of the King in 2009, which goes on to be the highest grossing international film of all time.
    • While JRPG's still become popular like in OTL, they are still quite niche outside the Comintern until the creation of the internet. This leads to the rise of "ARPG's (Australasian Role-Playing Games)" in the AFS. Chief among them is the long-running franchise Star Legacy: a series that in many ways resembles the Final Fantasy series in its tone and cultural impact.
    • Aaron Sorkin has a similar set of shows and movies as OTL, but remixed slightly:
      • It still starts with A Few Good Men starring Jack Nicholson and Demi Moore, with Rob Lowe replacing Tom Cruise as Daniel Kaffee, and the central murder plot taking place in Puerto Rico, rather than Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and Malice, with Nicole Kidman replaced by Natalya Negoda.
      • TTL's The West Wing is still a popular TV show on the American government starring Martin Sheen, though it is called Capitol Hill, and Sheen plays the Leo McGarry role to John Amos' Premier Will Bailey. Amusingly, the criticism it receives by the press in-universe is much like its real life counterpart; quite lauded back at its launch, but later remembered somewhat less fondly in hindsight for what is seen as overly idealized politics and at times ham-fisted and preachy writing. It actually receives a spin-off TTL called Stavka, starring Dule Hill as the Premier's son working at the titular military headquarters.
      • Several other Sorkin projects, like The Newsroom, Sports Night, The American President and Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip are reimagined and done at different times.
    • Westwood Studios' epochal Real-Time Strategy series Command & Conquer comes into being as the Westwood Collective's Rise & Revolt series.
    • This timeline's equivalent of Hamilton is a biographical musical about Emma Goldman, with several of the same actors from OTL's Hamilton, written by Lenina Miranda.
  • Dirty Communists: A report from a post-war truth commission revealed that Stalin and his supporters killed nearly 600,000 people in The Purge. This is equivalent to the most conservative estimates of the victims in the Great Purge and does not includes people who died in the Gulags, famines and attacks on peasants as they had not yet completed the counting of all victims of the early Soviet government.
  • Elites Are More Glamorous: Heavily deconstructed, noting that most of the Waffen SS and the Green Guard do not actually live up to their reputations of being fearless badass storm troopers with only a handful of units actually being formidable enough to be considered "elites" instead of politically reliable paramilitary forces. The Green Guard, in particular, is rapidly wiped out in the final stage of the South American theatre, with the whole corps being annihilated one after the other and most of its soldiers being noted to be "starved and beaten children and psychopaths".
  • The Empire: Quite a few in fact. The Franco-British Union is also known as the Franco-British Empire in less polite circles and is quite simply the largest formal empire to ever exist in human history by every metric besides percentage of the human population living inside of it; combining the British and the French Empires at their peak size. In the sense of Empires of being states with an Emperor as the head of state, Japan's two and a half thousand year old monarchy has been dismantled following the end of World War Two, while the Brazilian and German Emperors have both returned to lead Brazil and West Germany, subverted in that the Brazilian and West German Empires are much more pleasant than the republics that preceded them.
  • Et Tu, Brute?: Like in OTL, Josef Stalin and the USSR decides to make a compromise with Hitler and Nazi Germany about a division of Poland in the prelude to World War II. The move sends shockwaves through the other communist nations in the Comintern, especially the UASR, who are outraged that one of their largest, most powerful allies would willingly make a deal with the main fascist power in the world. However, the different communist governments realize that they cannot afford to engage in in-fighting with the fascists on the rise on the world stage, and so turning their back on the USSR and Stalin is not really an option, so instead they settle for just publicly expressing that they are not mad, just really disappointed with the Russians. The move does, however, mark the beginning of the end for William Z. Foster's political career, as he as Premier had been especially staunch supporter of strong diplomatic ties between the UASR and USSR, and even to him Stalin's decision came completely from the left field.
  • Everyone Has Standards: Douglas MacArthur might be the tin-pot dictator of the mostly right-wing American goverment in exile, but he absolutely abhors anti-Semitism, finding it personally offensive.
  • Executive Meddling: This timeline's version of Tintin in America falls victim to an in-universe version. Following the American Revolution, Hergé is asked by his editors to include an explicitly anti-communist message in the story. Hergé, though personally skepticial towards communism, is not a fan of the decision, as it means the story essentially becomes a retread of Tintin in the Land of the Soviets. When Hergé later redraws the story, he alters it to be slightly more neutral towards the Americans.
  • Fictional Political Party: Played with; new political parties form, but usually out of existing political parties. And the parties that have the same name tend to have diverged in radically different ways to become In Name Only versions of their real life counterparts.
    • In the present day, the American major parties, from the political right to left, are:
      • True Democrats: the designated traitor party. The drain trap that catches everything that won't accommodate to the revolution, becoming the mirror image of Western communist parties in our world and are similarly weak on the national level. Their politics were initially about reversing the Second American Revolution and restoring the old order but after decades being a Joke Character of American politics they mellowed out. By the 2010s their policies would be equivalent to the progressive wing of the real-life Democratic Party.
      • The Democratic-Republican Party: The resident mainstream right-wing party, although still certainly very radical by real life standards and considered centre-left by the Capitalist world. It's a catchall for the progressive political center- they approach socialism from a mutualist note  perspective. They favour markets and limited property relations. Think a communist American version of IRL libertarians. As far as foreign policy is concerned, they're one of the most pacifistic parties.
      • Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party: the former left-wing of the Democratic Party, they approach socialism from a Christian perspective, and are largely left-wing nationalists. They embrace a leftist version of American exceptionalism and fit in between the CLP and the LP with regards to their approach to how centralised economic planning should be and between those two and the DRP with regards to the approach to the market. In terms of foreign policy the DFLP is a somewhat militant party, advocating for a confrontation with the Capitalist world and supporting America's allies.
      • Communist Labor Party: the former center and right-wing of the Workers' Party, they place a greater emphasis on Marxism, support a more centrally planned economy and are largely centrist on social issues. They generally advocate for the most state presence and involvement out of any of the parties in the Union of American Socialist Republics and have the strongest "authoritarian" streak, though certainly less so than the CPSU or CPC in our time line. Out of the two largest parties in American politics, they're the most comparable to the Republican party in our timeline, and "neoconservatism" is even used to refer to their policies. They are essentially, the Bordigists to Liberation's Councilists.
      • Liberation Communist Party: the left-wing splinter from the Workers' Party and most often just called Liberation. They're Left Communists note  who want to push foward the world revolution and have a strong libertine streak. They favour a decentralised, democratic structure for planning the economy and abolishing wage labour and commodity value and are in favour of more localised structures of government and administration. In terms of foreign policy, they're actually the more hawkish of the two major parties.
      • Social Ecological Union: Greens, with libertarian Marxist and social anarchist wings. The Champions of environmental diversity and stability, the SEU qualifies as far-left by any standard and generally supports full worker control over the economy. In terms of foreign policy, they are perhaps the most pacifistic of any of the major parties, advocating for a reduction in armaments and the seeking of detente with the Capitalist bloc to let its problems bring about their end on their own. They are noted to have some issues with an abnormally high acceptance of pseudoscientific woo among their ranks and lax party discipline.
    • In the present day, the major parties of the Franco-British Union, from the political right to left, are:
      • Liberty/Liberté;: the predominant right-wing opposition in the FBU, it does not style itself as a political party in spite of electing representatives to local and national government. It's mostly composed of an armed paramilitary wing and Venture Capitalists, Liberty styles itself as an ideologically liberal organization but is willing to support authoritarian measures to battle communism and opposes identity politics and the LGBT movement.
      • People's Alliance/Alliance Populaire: the party of perpetual government in the post-WW2 era, formed in 1949 from the ad hoc alliance between the British Conservative Party and the French Rally of Popular Republicans among other conservative and/or pro-capitalist British and French Parties. The People's Alliance has constructed the economy along corporatist lines, establishing pro-business "patriotic unions" and doling out patronage through a sophisticated system of state capitalism to ensure social stability. On social issues, they've held back women, minority and LGBT movements and only make reforms opportunistically.
      • Labour Party/Parti d'Ouvriers: the merger between the UK's Labour Party and the French Section to the Workers' International (SFIO), it is a big tent left-wing party that suffered from the flight of the right-wing to the People's Alliance, the party leadership was taken over by Marxists and the center dwindled. It's under constant attack from the corporate media and the State Sec.
      • Communist Party: officially known as Entente Section of the Communist International, has remained unified under a general program of revolutionary socialism. Since the seventies, the Communists are the hotbed of identity politics including feminist, LGBT liberation and multicultural thought.
    • In the Republic of Palestine, the nation is dominated by the Democratic Liberation Front (DLF), which is a coalition of six parties that are largely similar except for minor points, with the only legal opposition being the Palestine Communist Party which believes that the DLF is not radical enough and moderate parties like the Islamic Democrats and General Zionists. You can see the greater detail of the parties here
  • Fictional United Nations: The Comintern zig-zags this trope due to having UN-style agencies like a culture organization, a labor organization, a health organization etc but also having its scope being expanded by the Treaty of Leningrad, being a military alliance between socialist states as a large trade pact.
  • Flock of Wolves: In the attempt to monitor and disrupt the True Democrats party, back in their early days they were still very much Evil Reactionaries, the UASR government initiated a large scale inflitration of the organisation with undercover agents and recruitment of informants amongst its members. As a result, this happened quite a lot, even to the point of farce. In one particularily infamous example, it turned out that the True Democrats' local chapter in Monroe, Louisiana was made up entirely of undercover agents and paid informants from StateSec, the Louisiana Red Guards, and the local parish militia.
  • Foil: Also counts as a Historical In-Joke, Barry Goldwater becomes this to Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. Both act like prisoner dissidents in communist countries who became prominent figures in exile, known for their literary work and uncompromising attitude against socialist regimes but while Solzhenitsyn was the one who criticized the West for moral decay and turning away from Christian values, Goldwater became opposed to the socially regressive politics of the Alliance of Free States.
  • For Want of a Nail: Originally the timeline diverged entirely because a racist cop in Buffalo happened to pick on a certain Polish immigrant. While this remains probably the biggest inciting event for the divergence from our timeline, it is not the point of departure in the rewrite. The new point of divergence is a slightly different outcome of the interaction between two minor socialist groups at the end of the 1800s, which ends up averting a split that weakened the movement in the long term;
    • Another point of divergence is that the Supreme Court rules against anti-trust legislation in various Real Life cases that were won by progressives. With a government that is pro-big business and the progressive movement appearing increasingly impotent, radical ideologies become more popular among the American people.
    • The American participation in World War One from the beginning causes a radical politicization of military officers as well makes the German offensive against Russia less effective, which strengthens the nascent Soviet Union. It also results in the radicalization of African-Americans as they end up experiencing life outside of Jim Crow and also ending racial segregation in the military twenty years earliernote 
    • The collapse of the two-party system the The Roaring '20s is also an important factor as it reduced the Democratic Party to a regional status in the Deep South with the progressive wing being absorbed into the Democratic-Farmer-Labor-Party which works in coalition with the Republican Party. This allows the Communist Party manuevering room to grow politically due to split voting.
  • Government in Exile: After losing the civil war, Douglas MacArthur establishes one in Cuba with himself as President for Life.
  • Government Procedural: The story focuses on the American government, first the United States government dealing with a radicalized labor movement and the often futile attempts by progressives to implement necessary reforms. After the Second American Civil War, it focuses on the United Republics' government attempts to implement socialism and facing inevitable war with the Axis Powers.
    • One of the most notable aspects is that progressives pass a constitutional amendment granting women's suffrage earlier and transform America into a semi-parliamentarian system like the one in the United Kingdom and other European nations. The head of government is the First Secretary elected by the House of Representatives who is given authority oversees the Executive Cabinet while the President is stripped of nearly all power.
  • Grey-and-Grey Morality: Implied to be the situation between the powers in the modern day; the former colonial powers remain imperialistic and ruthlessly capitalistic, but are suggested to have had to liberalise how they treat their colonial subjects in order to avoid mass socialist uprisings, and are not nearly as fascistic as the Cold War propaganda of the Comintern would depict them. The United Republics is in many ways a socialist workers' paradise but is suggested to have done nasty things in the Cold War. And the Soviet Union, after Stalin, reforms its government towards the initial vision of Lenin and later fully democratizes.
  • Groin Attack:
    • Theodore G. Bilbo, former governor of Mississippi, enthusiastic Ku Klux Klan member, and supporter of the National Salvation Front's coup, gets shot in the groin in 1933 when a group of red partisans ambushes a political rally where he is holding a speech. Bilbo is then captured and imprisoned, but his injury leads him to get confined to the prison infirmary at Alcatraz rather than a cell.
    • Wang Jingwei, Premier of the Republic of China prior to and during the early stages of World War II, gets shot in the groin in 1940 during an Assassination Attempt against him orchestrated by Dai Li. The injury forces Jingwei to go on medical leave, leading his position to get usurped by Zhou Enlai.
  • Hate Sink: The in universe posters RitterStahl, Cheka, RuleBritannia and CyberDoctor are generally thoroughly dislikable people, being a dyed in the wool West German Wehrmacht apologist, a Stalin apologizing Tankie, a hardliner Franco-British conservative, and an Ayn Rand worshipping objectivist respectively. While not actually dumb, they tend to be rude, abrasive, and hostile to those they disagree with.
  • Heel–Face Turn:
    • J. Edgar Hoover kind of qualifies; he goes from being a hardline reactionary to a hardline revolutionary, mostly because doing so allows him to maximise the amount of power available to him. His authoritarianism, however, remains essentially unchanged, if it doesn't increase in the transition.
    • After their defeat in World War Two, the Axis countries in South America switch sides to join the Allies and Comintern against Germany, Italy, and Japan.
  • Hellhole Prison: Barry Goldwater comes to describe Alcatraz, which he was held in for 25 years, along with other political prisoners and organised crime members, as such, saying he was forced to perform hard, backbreaking labor for most of the day, regularily risking his life to smuggle in paper so he secretly could write anti-Communist essays in the middle of the night which he would smuggle out again, and was constantly bullied by several of the gangsters he was imprisoned alongside, with the prison guards being mosty apathetic to his plights. Pretty much every other former prisoner and employee at the prison disputes this account, noting that there was a hard limit on how much work a prisoner could do in a week, leaving them with plenty of free time and allowing them to form prisoner clubs for various activities, with Goldwater being noted to be the head of a rugby team and a debate club. Goldwater's so-called smuggled paper for his essays and the pencils he wrote them with was bought openly over the counter at the official prison store for the money he was given as compensation for his work. About the only part of Goldwater's story anyone is willing to corroborate is that he would smuggle out his essays as letters.
  • Hereditary Republic: Douglas MacArthur attempts to invoke this after being made President for Life over Americuba, by grooming his son, Arthur MacArthur IV, to being his successor. His plans doesn't come to pass, and eventually Robert F. Kennedy rises as his eventual official successor and proceeds to reform the dictatorial Americuban government into a proper democratic one.
  • Heroic Sacrifice:
    • Huey Long, among others. Long had good reason to suspect that standing up for the Constitution would have dangerous consequences; he chose to do so anyway.
    • According to William Z. Foster, Norman Thomas understood that accepting the role as the WCPA nominee, more-so winning the 1932 election, would paint a target on his back. Regardless, he accepted the role of martyr willingly.
      "I think some part of him always knew that his life was forfeit the moment his name appeared upon the ballot. But someone would have to bear that cross, and consecrate the Revolution with innocent blood. It was a duty he could not shirk, no matter how hopeless or foolish it may seem. It was how he chose to live his life, to be the best he could be. So he bore the weight of the world on his frail shoulders."
      William Z. Foster's Funeral Oration for Norman Thomas
    • Stalin's refusal to leave Moscow during the battle leads to his death from the shelling in 1941.
  • Historical Hero Upgrade: In-universe, the Ku Klux Klan appears to have benefited from this kind of treatment outside of America, in nations unfriendly to the socialist government.
  • Historical In-Joke: Also used liberally. Bank robber John Dillinger becoming a national security agent is one of the most obvious examples, as is William F. Buckley, Jr. (one of America's foremost conservative thinkers) becoming an orthodox Marxist and J. Edgar Hoover (the commie-busting head of the FBI) switching allegiances to the new communist government in order to preserve and expand his power. And apparently in this world, it's nearly impossible to think of actor Marion Morrison being in a western.
    • Not to mention Cuba becoming the seat of the capitalist US government in exile.
    • Or Wang Jingwei leading the United Front against Japan while Chiang Kai-Shek turns into a Japanese puppet.
    • Mao Zedong being expelled from the Communist Party for "rightist deviation" as that particular charge was used by Mao to purge all his critics in the party.
  • Hired to Hunt Yourself: George Patton, himself an undercover spy for the Socialist movement within the US Army, is put in charge of the part of the Army intelligence apparatus that is meant to sniff out any subversives and communist sympathizers in the military. Though many of the conservative hardliners in the military do suspect a mole somewhere high up in the organisation, they all fail to realize that it is the seemingly loyal and very trustworthy Patton.
  • Historical Villain Downgrade: Stalin ATL is portrayed as very authoritarian, but not to the degree he was in our timeline. A lot of this comes from the conditions that prompted the rise of high Stalinism in the USSR never arising due to the Soviet Union no longer being isolated and having a more powerful Socialist country than itself to account for in its actions. Subverted when after the war it's revealed that Stalin killed 600,000 people in The Purge, which is the most conservative estimate in Real Life for the Great Purge.
  • Hoist by His Own Petard: MacArthur's coup, intended to crush a potential socialist insurgency before it started, ended up creating such a storm of popular and political outrage amongst the military, politicians and the general public that it led to the revolution he was afraid of in the first place, which in turn ended up with him and the other remnants of the former United States finding themselves in exile to Cuba.
    • Henry Ford, after fleeing to the US, joins up with Hitler and becomes an armament minister. His arrogance and belief in Nazi superiority led him to put his marque on everything he's built, including weapons he built with slave labor. When Germany is defeated he is unable to deny his highly visible role in Nazi atrocities, and gets about much mercy as you would expect at the hands of the UASR.
    • In a Shout-Out to Red Alert 1's Soviet ending, Salgado meets his end not at the hands of Partisans but his own trusted (and much abused) female Aide. The Aide takes part in a plot to launch a coup to restore the Brazilian Monarchy and end the Integralist's war effort by poisoning his tea as he prepares to make a speech at a news reel. As he lays choking and dying from the poison, she angrily lets out her frustrations against him and shoots him three times before being shot herself by another coup agent to close off all loose ends.
  • A House Divided: In the build-up to World War II, the community of White exiles from Russia in Europe are split on their stance towards the brewing war. A slight majority argues for fighting alongside the Nazis as volunteers, believing that it presents their best chance to overthrow the Soviet Union and reinstate the Russian Empire of old, but many of them, including their nominal leader Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich, know that Nazi Germany desires nothing less that the eradication of their culture, their country, and most of their people. Some in the latter camp even go as far as to pull an Enemy Mine with Pavlovich's blessing, offering their support to the Soviet Union to help stop the German onslaught. When the war breaks out, and news of Nazi acrocities against the Slavic population become prevalent, the first camp ends up losing face, and most of the men who had been willing to collaborate with the Germans previously now either quietly refuse, some end up switching sides to the latter camp, and those who joined the war effort on German side are shunned as traitors. But that is not to say that internal tensions in the White exiles community completely dies down with the outbreak of the war; many in the White movement remain furious with Pavlovich for what they see as selling out Russia to the Bolsheviks and the atheist Soviet state, and for a time rumors circulated about an assassination plot against him.
  • In Spite of a Nail: Despite the changes to the timeline, especially through the presence of a prominent Socialist party in the US congress throughout the 1910s and 1920s, surprisingly much of history in those years happens much like it would in OTL, with only some subtle changes. Pop culture, for the most part, develops quite a bit like it would in our world, though this also drastically changes when the Revolution sweeps in.
    • Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich still becomes the in-exile heir apparent to the Russian throne following Nicholas II's abdication as Tzar.
    • Herbert Hoover still becomes the US president in the late 1920s. The main difference being that he actually becomes president earlier than in OTL. He first ascends to the presidency in 1927 from being vice-president, when President Leonard Wood dies from his injures following an Assassination Attempt.
    • Fascist Italy still rises under Benito Mussolini and Nazi Germany still rises under Adolf Hitler, and World War II still takes place as a showdown between Fascist nations on one side and Communist and Capitalist allies on the other, with the battle for Moscow marking the beginning of the former's defeat. The war is, however, somewhat longer and much bloodier.
    • Brothers Walt and Roy Disney still rise as stars in the animated film business of the 1930s. Though instead of OTL's Disney Company, their studio is instead a collective cooperative named "Hyperion" after its street address. Mickey Mouse is also partially hit by the Butterfly Effect, retaining the name Walt Disney had originally considered for him; Mortimer "Morty" Mouse.
      • Of further note, this timeline's version of Donald Duck's debut cartoon "The Wise Little Hen", is instead a tale of how Donald and other wetland creatures work together to overthrow a stereotypical fairy tale style hen encroaching on their land as a capitalist.
    • Edward Bernays still codifies the idea of Public Relations and thereby becomes a prominent funding figure in the fields of advertisement and propaganda, and he also still assists the United Fruit Company with a campaign that more or less lets get them get away with heaping abuse after abuse upon their local laborforce in South America. One of the main differences is that he becomes slightly more involved with politics than in OTL; one of the greatest feathers in his cap becomes helping the conservative partys of France and England repairing their tattered reputation following World War II and even win in a landslide in the FBU 1950 elections.
    • Ishir⁠ō Honda still becomes a influential figure in the Kaiju film genre in the 1950s and beyond, directing several entries in the Godzilla franchise like he did in OTL.
    • The Beatles still rises as a band that changes both music and the world music industry forever. The difference being that they continue using and become famous under their original band name of "The Quarrymen" (resulting in "Quarrymania", rather than Beatlemania), and invoked Pete Best remains in the band line-up as drummer, rather than being replaced by Ringo Starr. A more subtle difference is that the band's sound is ultimately more Skiffle influenced than in OTL.
      • By extension, a version of The British Invasion, still occurs in the mid to late 1960s, the main difference being that this period is know as "The Franco-British Invasion" in hindsight, and that this timeline's versions of The Rolling Stones goes by the name "Hoochie Coochie" and The Who goes by "The Group".
    • L. Ron Hubbard still funds a financially successful religious movement, that manages to go big by drawing in famous actors into movement to help promote it (amongst others Errol Flynn), and also draws a lot of controversy and concern, both legal and otherwise. The difference being that Hubbard doesn't move on from the name of Dianetics in this timeline, so his movement ends up being called the Church of Dianetics.
    • Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. still suffers a stroke in the early 1960s that renders him unable to speak, and thereby influrence the political career of one his sons at a critical time. He also ultimately dies from a second stroke in 1969.
    • Douglas MacArthur still falls seriously ill in late 1963, and eventually dies in April 1964, the only difference being that in TTL he dies six days later, on April 11, rather than April 5.
    • George C. Scott still ends up playing the role of George Patton on film. Albeit in a Docudrama about the Revolution.
    • Some historically significant video game studios such as Westwood and Valve still comes into being, albeit as video game development collectives rather than companies.
    • Leonardo DiCaprio still ends up playing Howard Hughes. The difference being that he plays him in the film Death of MacArthur, the timeline's version of The Death of Stalin.
    • Iain M. Banks still succumbs to cancer.
  • I Have Your Wife: Post-revolution, Herbert Hoover, now living in exile in the UK, claims that he enabled Longworth and MacArthur's coup under duress, saying that the conspirators threatened his family.
  • Inadequate Inheritor: Douglas MacArthur attempts to turn Americuba into a Hereditary Republic by setting his son, Arthur MacArthur IV, up to being his successor after his death. It is, however, clear to every that the rather hapless Arthur has inherited none of his father's brains and guts, and once old MacArthur bites it, Arthur is in short order politically outmanoeuvred by Robert F. Kennedy, who quickly secures himself the position as the new President, which he uses to reform the government and reinstate a proper democracy.
  • Istanbul (Not Constantinople):
    • All of the government bureaus and branches are given new names under the new government. In addition, the Dominican Republic gets renamed to the People's Republic of Quisqueya, while Washington, D.C. becomes DeLeon-Debs, D.C.
    • The namesake of the trope actually also comes into play. TTL's version of World War I results in the Ottoman Empire suffering a much more humilating defeat than in OTL. As a result, the Entente powers gets a much larger say in how the Ottoman Empire is partioned following the war; among their demands is that the resulting Republic of Turkey relinquishes their claim on Istabul, which is instead established as the International Zone of Constantinople.
  • Kangaroo Court: Many of the counter-revolutionaries captured by the United Republics during the early days of its existence are given ludicrously unfair show trials. Granted, large percentages of them are probably guilty, but that doesn't make it any less unfair. That said, those who aren't executed get pardoned after about eleven years.
  • Karma Houdini: The Green Guard's most infamous general, known only as "O diabo verde" (The Green Devil), a man behind numerous war crimes and atrocities, is by all appearances not amongst the numerous men killed in their infamous last stand, and is generally believed to have slipped away into the thick South American jungle during the chaos of the battle. Though ultimately it is hard to tell for certain, as he was known to wear a face-concealing gasmask at all times and pretty much all of his public records were destroyed, most likely deliberately, to the point where his real name managed to remain unknown to history, so it is not entirely out of the question that he could have been killed in the battle either. What further muddies the waters is the fact that Diabo verde had been proven to use Body Doubles, and some historians have suggested that he was not just one man, but that the name might in fact have been a Collective Identity shared by the leaders of the Green Guard. Whatever the case is, O diabo verde has become infamous as a symbol in post-war South America as a symbol of how some of the worst people of the war managed to completely escape justice, and urban legends about who he was and where he ended up is still fluctuating in the region.
  • Last Stand:
    • With the Socialist army closing in on Washington DC, MacArthur orders the 29th National Guard to delay the invasion force for as along as possible, while he rearranges for a large scale evacuation to Cuba.
    • The Battle of Moscow, which is also a turning point in the Second World War.
  • Leave No Survivors: As the battle on the Eastern Front in World War II gets increasingly ugly and brutal, the American Red Army starts summarily executing Waffen SS members, civilian collaborators, suspected spies, or deserters whenever they come across them, rather than taking them prisoner. Opinions — be it from historians, military leaders, politicians, or the rank-and-file soldiers who had to handle the Dirty Business — differ greatly on whether this was just a Necessarily Evil part of an extremely bloody and terrible war or a major What the Hell, Hero? moment.
  • Lowered Recruiting Standards: As the Brazilian Green Guard is progressive worn down by the engagements with the UASR army and local South American forces, the previously elite organisation eventually starts press-ganging random teenagers with no combat training into their ranks under the threat of violence.
  • Meaningful Rename:
    • Following the Second American Civil War of 1933, the First Civil War of 1861–1865 becomes popularly known as "The Slavers' War" to better distinguish the two wars.
    • Following the Revolution, John F. Kennedy decides to distance himself from the exiled Kennedy Family by shredding himself of his American name, and going by the Gaelic version, Sean Cinnéide, instead.
  • My Greatest Failure: William Z. Foster resigns from his Premiership post right after the beginning of the Second World War, blaming himself for his failure to contain the Nazi menace.
  • Nepotism: Sort of. Patton keeps his socialist views secret from his superiors and surrounds himself with sympathetic officers, presumably assuming that he can use a cadre of loyal officers to his advantage. When he receives orders to enforce the suspension of the Constitution, he leads a rebellion. This is unusual in that it's one of the rare occasions in which nepotism is presented as having led to a positive outcome, and also unusual in that the officers he surrounds himself with are not depicted as incompetent.
  • Nice Job Fixing It, Villain!:
    • Longworth and McArthur's coup, intended to head off a Communist revolution pretty much ensured it would happen. Sure the Worker's Party had won the 1932 election but having gained power legally it gave full assurances to rule within the Constitution and was trying to take a moderate road. The most likely outcome was something like the UK's labour government after 1945, nationalisation and massive reform but within the existing legal framework and with the option to vote them out in 1936. Instead, by attempting to take power, the National Salvation Front ensured the party had to trigger a revolution for its own survival and discredited capitalism within the entire country. The end result saw Longworth incarated by the revolutionaries and McArthur in exile and the New Union is here to stay.
    • On top of the above, McArthur's National Salvation Front's decision to arrest every leading member of the Worker's Party they could get theirs hands on, only ultimately served to further radicalize the party, as the leadership where for the vast part made up of more moderate leftists who represented the party's right and center and skewed towards social-democracy as their predominant ideology. Had these people been standing as the victors of the Socialist side after the Civil War, they would likely haven chosen a more moderate, reconstructional approach to the aftermath, going for the option of attempting to preserve the old United States and its constitution and institutions for the most part, though with some egalitarian and left-wing modifications and overhauls. Instead, the more left and and even far-left parts of the party stepped up to fill the vacuum from the arrest of most of the leadership, and these people were mostly hardcore revolutionaries, preferring the approach of smashing and sweeping what they saw as the old, hopelessly corrupt, inefficient and unequal American state completely away, and start over from a clean slate with a new constitution, and in the end it meant their voices were the ones that won out.
  • Nom de Guerre:
    • During the Second American War, many of the Communist revolutionaries choose to operate under one, most commonly to avoid reprisals against their families. Following the war, many of these men and women choose to fully adopt their nom de guerre as their legal name, to symbolise the new beginning the revolution has brought with it. Recurring characters Marius Victor Gracchus and Sean Cinnéide (neé John F. Kennedy) are both prominent examples.
    • More infamously, one of World War II's most infamous war criminals, the general of the Brazilian Green Guard, operated under the name "O diabo verde" ("The Green Devil"). Since no one ever was ever able to track him down or even discern his true identity following the war, many conspiracy theories sprung up about his true nature, including the idea that "he" had actually been a shared Collective Identity by the leaders of the Green Guard.
  • Nuclear Option: The first deployment of a nuclear bomb in this timeline also happens under an American government against Imperial Japan. The difference is where the USA deployed it against a civilian city in OTL, the UASR instead deploys a tactical version directly against the Japanese navy.
  • One-Federation Limit: Defied. In the post-WW2 world, the three superpowers are the Franco-British Union, the Union of American Socialist Republics, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. And that's just the three top dogs.
  • Oppressive States of America: Played with. The United States does develop very authoritarian tendencies, which also existed in Real Life that are maximized by the failure of progressive economic reforms allowing monopolies to thrive.
    • The suppression of dissidents that occurred during our World War I is slightly worse, resulting in the arrest of socialist politicians, and even respected statesmen like Robert La Follette.
    • On the other hand the US implements a variety of political reforms, including moving towards a parliamentarian form of government, weakening of presidential power, dismantling of racial segregation-including Texas passing a law abolishing Jim Crow.
    • When the Worker's Party's candidate, Norman Thomas, wins the 1932 US Presidential election in a landslide, Nicholas Longworth and Douglas MacArthur successfully pressures Herbert Hoover to suspend the Constitution. Longworth and MacArthur use this as an pretext to have Thomas summarily executed by members of the military and arrest all leading Worker's Party members. The so-called Freedom Corps attempt to put down any opposition, notably massacring Huey Long and disloyal members of the Louisiana State Legislature, because they condemned Longworth and MacArthur's violent seizure of power and refused to swear fealty to them. This is the final straw that sets the stage for the Revolution and the formation of the United Republics.
    • The remnants of the US government and their supporters flee to Cuba and establish a new government, with Douglas MacArthur as President Evil. He proceeds to oppress the Cuban population. It's implied that this will be subverted in the later years of the Cuban-US nation.
    • The early years of the United Republics are a downplayed version of this trope. Many people are dealt with by kangaroo courts and firing squads, but it is nowhere near the scale of the Soviet Union, many of the sentenced were responsible for suppressing American democracy, and it did stop eventually. These actions are seen in-universe as a black spot on the history of the UASR, but none of the UASR leaders are portrayed as evil for them.
  • Opt Out: In the prelude to the Second World War, as it becomes increasingly clear that a violent confrontation with the fascist Axis Powers is going to be inevitable, most of the Actual Pacifists in the UASR government — and there are quite a few — decide to quietly step back, out of general principle.
  • Please Select New City Name: A bunch of cities get renamed after the Revolution, most notably Washington, D.C. becoming DeLeon-Debs, D.C.
  • The Political Officer: Starting with the Second Civil War, the American Red Guard employs Commissars in their units. Their job is to ensure to their best of their abilities that the rank-and-file soldiers maintain combat morale and loyalty toward the revolution (later the state), and also reining in attempts at committing war crimes against civilians.
  • President Evil: General MacArthur, especially in the earliest iteration of the timeline. Establishing himself as a military dictator of the White forces during the Second American Civil War, he continues enforcing his authoritarian and oppressive (especially towards Cubans) rule on Cuba. Only after MacArthur's death did his presidential successor, Robert F. Kennedy, institute a sincere democracy in Cuba.
  • Public Bathhouse Scene: In the immediate aftermath of the revolution, the local government councils built up public bathing facilities to increase the hygiene of the population. This is a case of Boring, but Practical as sanitation was non-existent outside of the very rich in the 1930s note 
  • Puppet King: The Japanese Emperor Hirohito is severely injured in a 1932 assassination attempt by a Korean independence activist, and never manages to fully recovers from his wounds. Left too weak to effectively uphold his duties as Emperor as a result of this, Hirohito is forced to lend increased political power to his advisors, while he is reduced to more of a figurehead. Chief amongst these are his younger brother Yasuhito, Prince Chichibu, who assumes the old position of Kampaku, chief advisor for the Emperor, and leads Japan down an even more oppressive and imperialistic path than in OTL.
  • The Purge: Played with the United Republics, as William Foster decides to side with protestors during the Revolt of the Cadres and launch an investigation into political corruption, resulting in lots of Sleazy Politicians and government bureaucrats being arrested for accepting bribes or imposing rents in public housing. This in particular is considered a good thing, as it enshrines democratic accountability in post-revolutionary America.
    • In a post-war report, written by a truth commission, it's revealed that up to half a million people died resulting of the persecution of kulaksnote  and union leaders as well Stalin's own purges. And it should be reminded, that due to Butterfly of Doom, Stalin was unable to enact the complete purges that he did in Real Life.
  • Putting on the Reich: Integralist Brazil. Post-Second World War Britain and France get pretty close to this. Propaganda on all sides of the Cold War will feature this for enemies.
  • The Quisling:
    • The very name of Henry Ford becomes synonymous with betrayal in the UASR for his collaboration with Nazi Germany.
    • Virgil Effinger and William Dudley Pelley, while not as prominent as Ford, are probably even more vicious than him. After the Nazis established a small puppet American state in occupied Belarus, they attempt to restore the glorious American days under the banner of Nazism, all while ensuring the well-being for themselves and other American exiles at the expense of the starved and genocided Belarussian population. Even some of the American POWs were treated badly, with Black American POWs becoming slaves reminiscent of the Old South. It was so bad that when UASR soldiers liberated the area, the surviving Belarussian population was terrified of them, much to their confusion until they realised the truth and were outraged by Effinger and Pelley's atrocities.
  • "The Reason You Suck" Speech: Winston Churchill gives one over Britain for burning bridges with America and going to bed with fascist regimes.
  • Riddle for the Ages: John Birch's fate after he managed to escape imprisonment for the Assassination Attempt against Premier William Z. Foster is a historical mystery, with many conspiracy theories surrounding it. At most, the StateSec investigation of his disappearance confirmed that he managed to escape into Canada with help from right-wing militias, even though the details are very foggy. The closest the mystery ever got to be solved was in 1982, when a Baptist preacher and insurance salesman named John Morrison died in Calgary, Alberta at age 64. It was noted at the time that John Birch's full name was John Morrison Birch, and Morrison was noted to carry some physical resemblance to Birch and some overlap in his personal history (he was born in the same year and same area in India as Birch), but the investigation into his identity ultimately turned out inconclusively.
  • Right-Wing Militia Fanatic: Along with The Klan, these work as Black Shirts for the National Salvation Front during the Second Civil War. Following the Civil War, many new right-wing militias spring up, as many of the White forces who, for one reason or another, didn't evacute to Cuba want to continue fighting the war they lost. The largest and most organised of these militias call themselves "The Sons of Liberty", and it manages to establish several semi-independent cells across several states (though mostly in the South and the Midwest) and they are behind a couple of infamous terrorist attacks and attempted insurrections in the years immediately following the founding of the UASR.
  • Rightful King Returns: The return of the Brazilian Emperors to Brazil is a surprisingly straight example of this as Dom Pedro Henrique's entrance to Brazil is used to finish off the Integralist regime by providing a figurehead for the country to rally around in the face of the Brazilian republican right-wing having faced disgrace and defeat under Salgado's insanity. By all accounts, Brazil is a prosperous and burgeoning country significantly more successful than its OTL counterpart and is generally either considered a superpower or a country on the verge of becoming one. The FBU re-installing the Hohenzollern Kaiser to Germany as well as the assorted lesser German nobility and royalty is portrayed like this in the Capitalist sphere, but the German Monarchy is a significantly more contentious institution than Brazil's.
  • Rising Empire: Imperial Germany becomes an even more prominent example of this trope than IRL, since it also aggressively pursues imperialistic goals in Latin America, causing the old US to grow more vigilant towards the Kaiserreich and approach the British Empire.
  • Saintly Church: The Red Trinitarian Ecumene evokes this. It was formed by pro-socialism parishes that espouse a radical interpretation of Catholic social doctrine and splits off from the Vatican after the Second American Revolution.
  • Screw the Rules, I Have Money!: Essentially the reaction of the capitalist powers and President Herbert Hoover after the socialists win the 1932 election. They soon find out that no, they don't make the rules.
    • The United Republics government subverts this, refusing to fill legislative seats with their own men after the Supreme Court rules against them, and refusing to kill Robert Taft in spite of his opposition. This dumbfounds a Soviet diplomat and pisses off Stalin to no end.
  • Second American Civil War: The Second American Civil War is fought in 1933 between the Government of National Salvation of Nicholas Longworth and Douglas MacArthur, who took power by murdering the socialist President-Elect Norman Thomas before he could take office, and initating a mass arrest of the leaders of the communist-dominated Popular Front. This only ends up provoking the revolution Longworth and MacArthur claimed to want to prevent. The war ends with a Red victory, leading to the establishment of the United Republics, the foremost Communist power along with the Soviet Union.
  • Self-Fulfilling Prophecy:
    • A similar situation happens in Peru in early January of 1935, when the ruling autocrat Óscar R. Benavides attempts a pre-emptive strike against a possible revolution by attempt to crack down on the local socialist parties and trade unions. But American and Chilean intelligence manages to catch wind of his plans and warns said parties and unions of the incoming attack. Prepared for his attack, the Peruvian left wing is able to counterattack Benavides' forces when they make their move, starting the revolution Benavides thought he could prevent.
  • Shocking Defeat Legacy: Much like the Battle of Stalingrad in OTL, the Battle of Moscow in 1941 becomes a defining moment of World War II as it ultimately ends in a humiliating defeat for the up-until-that-point advancing Wehrmacht. Despite mustering up a truly massive force to take the city, the combined American and Russian forces not only manage to hold their ground, but even pull off a massive counterattack in the immediate aftermath, that sends the Axis forces into a mad dash retreat for hundreds of kilometers. It is the moment that completely breaks any illusion the Nazis, and by extension the Axis, might have had of invulnerability, and marks the beginning of the end of their attempt to Take Over the World.
  • Shout-Out:
    • An in-universe TL was titled Mande Rising.
    • The running mate for Huey Long during the 1932 election is Princeton University President Henry Jones Sr. Meanwhile, the candidates from the Prohibition Party in the same elections are Don Keyhote and Sam Chopanzo.
    • The video game reviewer Gameunist Manifesto who makes a video about the game set during the Soviet invasion in Romania, is based on Jim Sterling.
  • Sibling Yin-Yang: A very dark version with JFK and his brother Joe Kennedy. One rejects his family and becomes a revolutionary hero, renaming himself Sean Cinnéide, the other rejects his family and becomes an SS officer... And then there is Robert Kennedy, who becomes the reformist President of Americuba after MacArthur's death.
  • Spared By Adaptation:
    • Nicholas II's family and Admiral Alexander Kolchak went to exile to Sweden, avoiding their OTL fate.
    • The the leading Republican politician, Nicholas Longworth, doesn't suffer the bout of pneumonia that killed him in April 1931 OTL. Here Longworth, using his position as First Secretary, becomes a leading political figure in the National Salavation Front, and plays a large part in masterminding the MacArthur Putsch.
    • John "Jack" Reed avoids his death from typhus in Moscow in 1920, eventually becoming a foreign secretary of UASR and even the Premier during WWII.
    • Mikhail Frunze, a famed Bolshevik general, recovers from his illness and later plays a major role in WWII. After the war, he becomes the frontman of the leftist Internationalist opposition to Molotov.
    • All the victims of the sinking of the RMS Titanic count, as the ship never strikes the infamous iceberg and thus reaches New York City in its fated maiden voyage. This also saves the White Star Line down the line and it eventually builts a thousand-foot long ocean liner in the late period of The Roaring '20s.
    • The famous Ukrainian anarchist revolutionary and leader of the Black Army, Nestor "Bat'ko" Makhno, does not succumb to his OTL fate of dying of tuberculosis in 1934, and is last reported as still being alive as of 1939.
  • State Sec:
    • Played painfully straight with UASR's version of this, which known under the formal name of Main Directorate for State Security or the MDSS, but most people simply call them by StateSec. They are somewhat less sinister than most examples of the trope, however, being something more akin to the FBI.
    • The Green Guard of Brazil is a terrifyingly insane one. Described as green-uniformed soldiers who wear metal cuirasses at the very least as well as dehumanizing face-concealing masks (which are often gas masks), the Green Guard is a borderline militarized cult of Brazil, Integralism, the Green Guard's leaders, and Salgado and is noted to be Ultracatholic. They speak their own internal constructed language to prevent outsiders from determining what they're saying and not only don't hesitate to commit atrocities but seem to revel in them. Though at first starting out as a loose cannon political elite, they do become an actual military elite known for fearlessness and skill in battle. Somewhat subverted though, as the war turns against Brazil and the Green Guard's ranks are continually expanded, the Guard is increasingly filled with scared and frightened children abused into committing atrocities as part of the Guard's hazing rituals and their skills slip back into cannon fodder levels while their habit of war crimes starts to backfire. Fights become one to the death as people recognize the futility of surrendering to them, and they've committed perfidy far too many times for people to feel like risking death in case they try to pull an I Surrender, Suckers and the Guard by the end of the war is a decrepit shell. Huge swathes of the guard desert when a fake intelligence leak is given that claims the Comintern will kill any Green Guardsman who doesn't desert or renounce the Integralist regime and its last diehards gather for a final suicide attack against Communist forces in Uruguay so that they can die on the battlefield rather than face war crime trials.
  • Story-Breaker Power: The United States undergoing a successful communist revolution is understood as being this both in and outside the story. Due to its vast resources, high rate of industrialization, advanced agriculture, and large scientific community, the United Republic has none of the economic disadvantages of real-life communist states.
  • Straight for the Commander: John Birch believed he was doing this with his Assassination Attempt against Premier William Z. Foster in May 1940, stating in a letter that "the socialist serpent will wither and die" if he was to "cut off its head". Scholars with the power of hindsight notice that Birch had greatly mischaracterized the nature of the democratic socialist system the UASR was founded on. Foster was never the head of any serpent, but merely one part of a greater political apperatus, and, as a head of a democratic government, replaceable. The broad agreement amongst historians is a successful assassination of Foster would at most have lead to a temporary government under Ben Gitlow before John Reed would have assumed the premiership, and maybe the UASR adopting an even stricter and hasher security policy regarding potential threats from right-wingers during World War II.
  • Surprisingly Realistic Outcome: One of the biggest changes to urban life is the development of public bathing facilities to promote hygiene as a way of curbing disease and other effects of unsanityary living conditions. Part of this is trying to desexualize nudity among a largely Protestant public, which turns out to be an issue for the proponents themselves, who know perfectly well intellectually that platonic nudity is a thing, but have a hard time engaging in it personally once the bath houses are a reality. Most people grow accustomed to it in time.
  • Take a Third Option: After the success of the Red May Revolution, the Vatican opposes the new socialist government as godless, and orders the Catholic priests in America to either disavow the UASR or be excommunicated. Some Catholics instead form their own church.
  • Tank Goodness: To be found in abundance in the timeline! Thanks to the lessons of the Second American Civil War and an earlier end to the Great Depression and earlier re-armament, tank design takes some divergences from our timeline and the vehicles used in Reds! are generally a bit farther "ahead" than our timeline in terms of design. Reforms to the production systems of the Axis powers and Western European investment into any possible allies against a Red America as well as Soviet-American cooperation and investment into Red Latin America and China also mean that rather more tanks are produced in this timeline than in ours. Germany's notoriously inefficient flexible line production systems are replaced with modern Ford-style assembly lines able to roll out tanks by the tens of thousands to fight the more militarised British Empire and its allies to the west and the Comintern to the East while Italian, Swedish, British, Japanese, and French tank programs make more progress than in our timeline. Perhaps the most grandiose statements of this revealed so far are the German Panzer 100 Smilodon, the United Republics TD-21 Spartacus, the Soviet Vladimir Lenin 3, and the British Chamberlain Heavy Tank.
    • In the Cold War, by the mid-2010s the Franco-British Union unveils its newest "advanced" battle tank, the Champion; a tank weighing over one hundred tons with a seven-inch caliber gun and an engine with 3000 or so horsepower. Yikes!
  • Token Evil Teammate: George Orwell believes William Z. Foster and Earl Browder are this to the United Republics. From what we know they are both noticeably more purge-happy and power-hungry than many of the other government officials in America.
  • Tomboy and Girly Girl: Janey and Anna, respectively, from the alternate history timeline equivalent of a Lower-Deck Episode.
  • Unreliable Narrator: Inherent with the framing devices. The presented sections of history books, journals, academic papers, tabloid articles, and armchair discussions by alternate history enthusiasts come from a very diverse variety of perspectives, and each presents an understandably biased picture.
  • Upper-Class Twit: Richard Finlay, the corporate founder of Maggie Pie (this timeline's version of McDonald's), despite running a successful fastfood company, had some traces of it. Some of his children relates in a biography that they, much to their disquiet, realized that their father, despite his interest in films, and even buying a film company, actually didn't know the difference between film making and film distrubtion (in fact, he got extremely angry and argumentative when his new employees from said film company tried to explain the difference to him).
  • Villainous Breakdown: Salgado goes bonkers as the tide turns against him. At one point, he strangles one of his Marshals to death in front of his staff for withholding important information. He goes into another unhinged rant when he realizes one of his abused aides poisoned him .
  • Villain Decay:
    • Legendary mob boss Arthur Flegenheimer AKA Dutch Schultz is reduced to a failed assassination attempt against the Attorney General of Metropolis, as half-assed revenge against the Red government virtually gutting his power base. He's unceremoniously gunned down afterwards. Ironically, he lived a few months longer than he did in the real world, where he was killed by Murder Inc at the behest of the other crime families in '35.
    • This eventually ends up applying to virtually all of American organized crime, as the failed attempt means the Red Government stomps down even harder on organized crime, and many mob leaders are either imprisoned or killed, including Al Capone, Bugsy Siegel, Vincent Magnano, Johnny Torrio, and culminating in the arrest of Charles "Lucky" Luciano, with his execution by firing squad effectively meaning the end of organized crime on the American mainland. The surviving remnants end up fleeing to Canada, Cuba or the deep swamps of Lousiana, Mississippi, and Florida to regroup. Though said remnants eventually manages to reform into a loose organisation called the "New Commission", and reëstablish new cells in several larger American cities during the late 1940s and early 1950 (with quite a bit of support from MacArthur's regime in Americuba), they are only a lingering shadow of their former selves, since greatly improved living standards amongst even the poorest UASR citizens have wiped out much of the human misery that formed the basis for the "classic" mafia trades of drugs and prostitution. Instead, they mostly focus on underground high gambling, with side ventures like dog- and cockfighting, bribing public officials and forging documents, something which causes the few surviving old-time gangsters to complain that this new mob more resembles a "sideshow bureaucracy" than a proper criminal enterprise. American organized crime is eventually hit by another anti-mafia wave in the late 1960s and early 1970s when the UASR starts another round of crackdowns, which is exacerbated by Douglas MacArthur's death, as his reformist successor, Robert F. Kennedy, turns on the Cuban mafia and have them purged from government influence. Weakened by these developments, the mob graudually falls apart into several small fractions who increasingly turn on each in a fight for survival, either through assassinations or by ratting competitors out to the UASR government, which just contributes to hasten their downfall. By the late 1980s and early 1990s, the American mafia is considered all but completely extinct.
  • Weird Trade Union: A large portion of the timeline is about the American labor movement, particularly the attempts of ever more powerful monopolies to crack down on all labor strikes but only succeeding in destroying the reformist trade unions and empowering the revolutionary ones.
    • The syndicalist pedigree of the centrist wing of the Workers' Party also helps to patch up some of the relationship between socialists and anarchists, with Emma Goldman becoming the Secretariat of Labor to enact mandatory union membership and strong workplace protections.

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