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Literature / Rebus

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The Rebus novels are a series of crime books written by Scottish writer Ian Rankin. They centre on Detective Inspector John Rebus, a cynical veteran policeman and former soldier who is divorced. The stories are mostly set in an Edinburgh several steps removed from what the tourists see — although the third book, Tooth and Nail, is set in London and other novels sometimes take Rebus to different parts of Scotland.


The books have won numerous awards and are credited with playing a key role in establishing the "Tartan Noir" genre of crime stories.

Some of the books have been adapted for television, originally starring John Hannah, before Ken Stott took over the role. Rankin wasn't keen on either, and stopped writing novels featuring Rebus for a time until the production company's option on them expired. Other novels have been turned into radio plays for Radio Four. There has also been a stage play (Rebus: Long Shadows) which premiered in 2018 and a 2020 video short called John Rebus: The Lockdown Blues — the latter of which featured Brian Cox as Rebus.

As of 2020, there are 23 novels in the series, three collections of short stories in addition to a couple of other novels by Rankin which, although they don't feature Rebus as a character, are set in the same universe.


    The Rebus Books 


  • Knots and Crosses (1987)
  • Hide and Seek (1991)
  • Tooth and Nail (1992) - original title Wolfman
  • Strip Jack (1992)
  • The Black Book
  • Mortal Causes (1994)
  • Let It Bleed (1996)
  • Black and Blue (1997) - won the Crime Writers' Association Gold Dagger Award
  • The Hanging Garden (1998)
  • Dead Souls (1999)
  • Set in Darkness (2000)
  • The Falls (2001)
  • Resurrection Men (2002) - won the Edgar Award
  • A Question of Blood (2003)
  • Fleshmarket Close (2004) - American title Fleshmarket Alley note 
  • The Naming of the Dead (2006)
  • Exit Music (2007) - won the ITV3 Crime Thriller Award and the Theakston's Old Peculier Crime Novel of the Year Award
  • Standing in Another Man's Grave (2012)
  • Saints of the Shadow Bible (2013)
  • Even Dogs in the Wild (2015) - RBA Prize for Crime Writing
  • Rather Be the Devil (2016)
  • In a House of Lies (2018)
  • A Song for the Dark Times (2020)

Short story collections

  • A Good Hanging (1992)
  • Beggars Banquet (2002)
  • The Beat Goes On: The Complete Rebus Short Stories (2014)

Other novels set in the same universe

  • The Complaints (2009)
  • The Impossible Dead (2011)

Tropes Found in the Rebus Books:

  • The Alleged Car: Rebus' Saab 900, particularly in the later books when its increasingly decrepit state parallels Rebus' own aging body.
  • Always Murder: Somewhat justified. Rebus deals mostly with murders (well, a few cases start off as missing persons...) but as a senior detective, that is pretty much what his workload would be. However the short stories have him dealing with more mundane crimes, mainly theft.
  • Been There, Shaped History: In The Naming of the Dead, John Rebus and Siobhan Clarke have an interesting encounter with an unnamed U.S. president.
  • Blood from the Mouth: Happening to Rebus as of Rather Be the Devil, thanks to developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder after a lifetime of heavy smoking. There's also a spot on his lung. It turns out to be benign.
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  • Celebrity Paradox: The Oxford Bar in real life has a fair bit of Rebus memorabilia on the walls.
  • Connect the Deaths: The plot of Even Dogs in the Wild. One of the deaths has only been made to look like it's part of the serial killer's MO, but the others are linked.
  • Cowboy Cop: Rebus is less inclined to use physical violence than your average Cowboy Cop (although he's not entirely above it), but certainly has little place for rules and procedures when they stop him getting his man.
  • Creator Cameo: Sort of. One of the many bands mentioned in the books is the Dancing Pigs, a student band that Rankin was a member of. In-universe, they made it to the big time to the point where Rebus owns one of their LPs.
  • Defective Detective: Rebus has all the stereotypical personal problems associated with being a detective, ranging from what looks like PTSD in the earliest novels to excessive drinking.
  • Dirty Cop: Played With. Rebus is sometimes seen as one of these due to his closer-than-really-acceptable relationship with gangster Gerald "Big Ger" Cafferty, but he's really on the straight and narrow (mostly) and his relationship with Cafferty is more like Friendly Enemy at best.
    • The first novel Knots and Crosses was written in such a way as to imply that Rebus himself could be the killer. Though the subsequent publication of another 18 novels (and counting) rather gives away the fact that he isn't.
    • Played straight with Beth Hastie and Jackie Dyson in Even Dogs in the Wild.
  • Double-Meaning Title: Hide and Seek is about Rebus hunting a killer and the last thing the victim said was "Hide!" The title also reflects the fact Rankin wrote the novel as a Setting Update of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
    • There is also the main character's name- a "rebus" is a picture that is also a puzzle.
    • Fleshmarket Close starts out in the Edinburgh street of the same name (so called because it used to be a butcher's market), but goes on to be about two different "fleshmarkets"; prostitution and trade in illegal immigrants.
  • Early Installment Weirdness: Rankin has said that Rebus' interests in the early books (jazz music, in particular) were there because Rankin was into those things, and as the novels progressed, Rebus developed more of his own personality.
    • He also said he wrote the first novel, Hide and Seek to make it deliberately ambiguous to the reader if the killer was actually out there (which he was) or if the killer was actually Rebus himself, although of course the mere existence of the rest of the series means that this is lost on most new readers.
    • Siobhan Clarke does not appear until The Black Book, the fifth novel in the series. In the earlier novels, the sidekick role was filled by Brian Holmes, who leaves the police in that novel after suffering a serious injury as a result of a brutal attack which Rebus suspects was orchestrated by Holmes's fiancee, who wanted him to leave the police. However, he cannot prove this.
  • Even Evil Has Standards: In Even Dogs in the Wild, Ger Cafferty makes it clear to Rebus that his villainy does not extend to sexually abusing teenage boys in care, and he feels real guilt about his part in covering up for a violent abuser.
  • Hero Antagonist: In Standing in Another Man's Grave, Malcolm Fox, the protagonist of Rankin's novels about a police Internal Affairs unit, comes after Rebus because he suspects him of being a Dirty Cop due to his ongoing association with Cafferty.
  • Kicked Upstairs: After the events of Even Dogs in the Wild, Malcolm Fox is promoted to the elite squad at Gartcosh for political reasons that have nothing to do with his qualifications, as he is painfully aware.
  • Limited Advancement Opportunities: Rebus doesn't make it beyond DI, thanks to his joint reputation as Cowboy Cop and Dirty Cop.
    • When he comes out of his 10-Minute Retirement, Rebus winds up demoted to DS, meaning that he's now Siobhan's subordinate.
  • Mutilation Interrogation: In Rather Be the Devil, Ger Cafferty gets information out of a recalcitrant informant by nailing him to the floor.
  • My Local: Rebus particularly enjoys spending his spare time in The Oxford Bar, a real pub in Edinburgh which Ian Rankin himself likes to frequent.
  • Old Cop, Young Cop: Rebus and Siobhan. In the earlier novels, Rebus and Brian Holmes.
  • Pet the Dog: Cafferty's behavior in Even Dogs in the Wild, once he understands the serial killer's motivation.
    • The novel also features a literal example of this trope. Everyone wants to pet the friendly stray terrier who appears outside of Cafferty's house. Eventually, Rebus gives in and adopts him. Brillo, for that is his name, features in subsequent books.
  • Religious Bruiser: One of the police officers spends his downtime preaching on street corners.
    • In the first few novels, Rebus himself, when he's still a self-identified Christian.
  • Ripped from the Headlines: About half of the books are this, dealing with Scottish political and social issues ranging from illegal immigration to the effects of The Troubles on Scotland. These keep in time with real-life events such as devolution. Rebus himself is mostly apolitical - he's only ever voted three times in his life (once each for Labour, the Tories and the SNP), although in more recent stories it's revealed that he voted against independence in the 2014 referendum.
    • The Naming of the Dead is set around the 2005 G8 conference in Gleneagles and the protests it prompted in Edinburgh.
    • On a lighter note, the roadworks on Edinburgh's Lothian Road have been going on for so long that even the characters in the Rebus books are complaining about them.
  • Shout-Out: This line from Saints of the Shadow Bible in which Rebus recalls his early days in the police:
    "You ever see that programme Life on Mars? It felt like a documentary."
  • Spiritual Successor: Rebus could be said to be this to Jim Taggart.
  • Teeth-Clenched Teamwork: Rebus and Siobhan Clarke with Malcolm Fox in Saints of the Shadow Bible.
  • 10-Minute Retirement: Rebus retires at the end of Exit Music, and is working for the civilian cold cases unit in Standing in Another Man's Grave. By Saints of the Shadow Bible, he's back on the job again, albeit with a demotion from Detective Inspector to Detective Sergeant.


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