The Life of Lazarillo de Tormes and its fortunes and adversities (better known as Lazarillo de Tormes ) is an anonymous Spanish novel , written in the first person and in epistolary style (as a single, long letter), whose earliest known editions date back to 1554 . In it,the life of a child, Lázaro de Tormes, in the 16th century , from his birth and miserable childhood until his wedding, already in adulthood, is recounted in an autobiographical way. It is considered the precursor of the picaresque novel.
Lazarillo de Tormes is an ironic and ruthless sketch of the society of the moment, showing his vices and hypocritical attitudes, especially those of clergymen and religious. There are different hypotheses about its authorship. The author was probably sympathetic to Erasmus ideas . This motivated the Inquisition to prohibit it and, later, to allow its publication, once it was expunged.
This work provides examples of:
- Anti-Hero: Lazarillo.
- Battles Of Wits: With the Blind Man
- The City: The work takes place in many urban environments from 16th Spain.
- Corrupt Church. The entire work is a critic against the Church hypocrisy.
- Many scholars have suggested that this is why the book was published anonymously, with the writer (correctly) expecting The Spanish Inquisition to come out against it
- Crapsack World: 16th Spain
- Disappeared Dad: Lazarillo's father went to war and never came back.
- Guile Hero: Lazarillo uses his wits to survive.
- Impoverished Patrician: Lazaro's second master, the hidalgo.
- Innocence Lost: One of the book main themes.
- Long Title: The life of Lázaro de Tormes and his fortunes and adversities.
- Son of a Whore: Lazarillo
- Street Smart: Lazarillo.
- The Dog Bites Back: Lazaro tricks the Blind Man to jumping to a column for all the mistreatment he has endured.
- The Trickster: The Blind Man, and eventually, Lazarillo as well.
- Trickster Mentor: The Blind Man, in a pretty harsh way.