Good old Dick Whittington! He went from his hometown of Gloucester with his cat to London town to find his fortune, as he heard the streets were paved with gold! Of course, that quickly proved to be false - the only "fortune" he found was a job as a lowly servant to a rich merchant named Fitzwarren, and was so disheartened he was ready to leave. But suddenly, he heard the bells of London call out "Turn again, Whittington, Lord Mayor of London!". He decided to stick it through, and after some adventures in Tonga, where his cat killed all the rats in that country, he was given three chests filled with gold, married Fitzwarren's daughter Alice and became Lord Mayor of London!
Some might be surprised to learn that there really was a Richard Whittington who was Lord Mayor of London. Few would be shocked to hear that that's about the extent of the truth in the story, but the popularity of the Folk Hero-style Origin Story may be a result of the popularity of the man himself. He was elected four times, a feat nobody has ever equalled before or since. During his reign, he made many beneficial changes to the city, such as building a ward for unmarried mothers at St Thomas' Hospital and passing a law prohibiting the washing of animal skins by apprentices in the River Thames in cold, wet weather because many young boys had died through hypothermia or in the strong river currents. He was also London's sheriff, and a Member of Parliament. He may never have owned a cat (one theory has it that a "cat" was a slang expression for a type of ship used in his merchant business).
It's also fun to know that the name has been passed down and so the High Sheriff of Surrey until 2017 was another Dick Whittington.
The Theme Park Version of Whittington's story started as a play The History of Richard Whittington, of his lowe byrth, his great fortune, and eventually turned into a pantomime, where the Rule of Funny dragged things even further from the truth.
There are a large number of fairy tales that recount it, without any such historical connections. The first known retellings date from the early 1600s.
Tropes in the fairy tale:
- Broken Aesop: Supposedly the story's moral is that success eventually comes to those that don't give up; but Dick Whittington's fortune is more the result of a lucky strike than than the hard work he does as a scullery boy.
- City of Gold: Supposedly, 'the streets of London are paved with gold' (except they aren't).
- Prophecies Are Always Right: The bells foretold Dick would become Lord Mayor of London; and they were right.
- Rags to Riches: Dick goes from poor peasant boy to Lord Mayor.
- Swarm of Rats: The land of the King of Barbary is overrun with mice.
- Very Loosely Based on a True Story: There really was a Richard Whittington who was Lord Mayor of London and married an Alice FitzWaryn, but that's where the similarities to the folk tale end. The real Whittington wasn't born into poverty (far from it), and there's no evidence as to whether he ever had a cat.
Tropes specific to the pantomime adaptations:
- Chessmaster Sidekick: The cat is often turned into one, likely by association with the other old Rags to Riches story "Puss in Boots"
- No Name Given: The cat's name is never mentioned, even though she is arguably the true hero of the story.
- Non-Human Sidekick: Dick is helped through his adventures by his feline companion.