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‘Najin’ and her daughter ‘Fatu’ are now the last two Northern White Rhinos after the last male ‘Sudan’ died in 2018.
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Those who were the last of their kind in real life.

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    Organism — By Species 
  • Far, far too many critically endangered and extinct species. There's a term for the last members of a species called endlings.
    • The last Passenger Pigeon, Martha, died in 1914 at Cincinnati Zoo after outliving her two male companions as a very honored, but alone, bird.
    • Lonesome George, the very last Pinta Island Tortoise, died on June 24, 2012.
    • The last Tasmanian Tiger, "Benjamin" note , died in the Hobart Zoo in 1936. Only a few months prior, the species had received protection. The animal died of exposure to the elements because there was a strike at the zoo and he was locked outside with no shelter during a period of extreme daily highs and nightly lows because nobody remembered to open the door to his pen.
    • "Booming Ben", the last known living specimen of Heath Hen (Tympanuchus cupido cupido), was heard for the final time on March 11, 1932, on Martha's Vineyard, still hopefully drumming to try to attract a mate.
    • The Cornell Lab of Ornithology recorded the song of the last Kauaʻi ʻōʻō bird before its death in 1987. The song was from a male, singing a mating call to female that sadly, would never come. Most tragically, the recorded song was only half of the mating call: Kauaʻi ʻōʻōs mated for life and sang a duet— the conspicuous, empty pauses in the last recording were supposed to be where the female would chime in.
    • Hyophorbe amaricaulis, the Loneliest Palm. This is a species of palm tree with only one known member in the world, in a garden in Mauritius.
    • Encephalartos woodii is a species of cycad native to Africa and is one of the rarest plants on earth with only one tree of its kind housed in the Royal Botanical Gardens in Kew, London (all clones of the plant are housed in private botanical collections around the world including Britain, Ireland, America, and Italy).
    • Spix's Macaw, the kind in Rio, was eventually reduced to just one animal in the wild (over 80 currently survive in captivity).
    • The Rabb's fringe-limbed tree frog was reduced to a single known specimen in 2012. Named Toughie, his species had been wiped out by chytridiomycosis, a fungal disease that has been devastating frogs throughout the Americas and Australia. He died in 2016, most likely taking his species with him.
    • The last Golden Toad was a single male sighted in Monteverde Cloud Forest, Costa Rica In 1989.
    • What was possibly the last baiji (Yangtze River dolphin) was tentatively identified as such from eyewitness descriptions.
    • Sudan, the last male Northern White Rhino, died on March 19, 2018, due to age-related complications, leaving two females —Najin (Sudan’s daughter) and Fatu (Najin’s daughter and Sudan’s granddaughter)— who are living under constant protection from poachers and have health issues that prevent them from being able to become pregnant. In vitro fertilization (using genetically-similar Southern White Rhino females as surrogates) may be the only hope, as they did freeze his sperm and the sperm of other male rhinos, and the surviving females are still producing viable eggs that could be used.
    • The last Aurochs was an old female that died in Poland's Jaktorow forest in 1627. She outlived the other last aurochs (three younger males) by over ten years.
    • The last Pyrenean Ibex was an old female named Celia, who was killed by a falling tree in early 2000. Celia was successfully cloned in 2003, but the clone died after approximately ten minutes. This made the Pyrenean Ibex the first (and possibly only) biological taxon to go extinct twice.
    • An extinction that is particularly infuriating is the death of the last pair of Great Auks in 1844, which were tracked and clubbed by three Icelandic sailors hired to find a specimen for a Danish collector. A legend has the clubber stepping on the pair's egg while trying to find a good spot to club them.
    • As of 2019, there are three living Yangtze giant softshell turtles, which is (for now) the largest living species of freshwater turtle in the world. All three of them are males, making the species functionally extinct unless a live female that's healthy enough for reproduction can be found somewhere.
    • ‘George’ was the last (Achatinella apexfulva) a species of snail native to Oahu, Hawaii. He was born and lived in captivity, he lived at the University of Hawaii at Mānoa and died at the age of 14 in 2019.
    • Subverted (yay!) by Romeo, thought for the longest time to be the last Sehuencas water frog until five more were found alive in 2019. Two of the five are female, and one of them - named Juliet of course - is slated to be bred to Romeo once she and her companions have been treated against chitridiomycosis.
    • No more than 10 vaquitas are the relict of their species.
    • The last Norfolk Island kaka (a parrot native to Norfolk Island and Phillip Island) lived in captivity in London, until it died in 1851.
    • The Last Irish Wolf was reported to have been hunted down for apparently killing sheep and was killed near Mount Leinster in 1786.
  • Homo sapiens sapiens (us humans) is the last species of the Homo genus, and the last of an entire lineage of bipedal apes who once lived in abundance across the old world. The past ten or so thousand years is the first time in the history of hominins that there has been one species.
    • That said, there are attempts to either shift the entire Homo genus to the Pan genus (where Bonobos and Chimpanzees reside) or shift the Pan genus into the Homo genus. This causes problems in taxonomy, due to how things are arranged.
    • At one point around a million years ago, there were three entirely separate genera of fully bipedal hominids living in roughly the same geographic area— Australopithecus (our ancestors), Homo (that's us), and Paranthropus (a separate, alternate branch of bipedal apes). What's more, each genus had its own array of individual species. Today, Homo sapiens sapiens are the last living fully bipedal primate alive as well as the last human species.
    • Even in the (evolutionarily) short 300,000 or so years that Homo sapiens has existed, we've shared the planet with multiple other human species: H. erectus, H. rhodesiensis, H. heidelbergensis, H. floresiensis, H. luzonensis, Neanderthals, Denisovans, possibly H. naledi, and, if they are a separate species and not hybrids, the Red Deer Cave people, and genetic evidence indicates that H. sapiens interbred with even more, as yet unidentified, separate human species. And now there's only us.
  • There are many similar cases with other species being the last of a lineage.
    • The tuatara, the last reptile that isn't a squamate (lizards and snakes), a turtle or an archosaur (birds and crocodiles). It is the only surviving species of the order Rhynchocephalia, which has an illustrious 240 million year-long history.
    • Aardvark, the last member of the order Tubulidentata. Its isolation is stark when you compare it to other placental mammal orders, all of which have more than one species. Though on a less lonely note, it's a part of the group Afrotheria, which means the aardvark finds kinship with mammals as absurdly disparate as elephants, manatees and hyraxes.
    • The other isolated mammal order is the Microbiotheria, whose last living species is the monito del monte, a mouse-like marsupial from South America.
    • In an example not based on a species, but a whole class, Aves— better known as birds— make up the last surviving branch of dinosaurs. Once a massive array of different related reptiles that dominated the Earth, the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event rapidly whittled them down to just birds. That said, given that birds are the most diverse and widespread of extant vertebrates, numbering in the thousands of species and found in every continent including Antarctica, their status as the "last of the dinosaurs" is less of a tragic tale common with this trope but rather a hopeful story of success.
    • A similar case is true with mammals: early on in tetrapod evolution, the amniotes (non-amphibian tetrapods) diverged into two groups, the sauropsids (a group including all reptiles such as dinosaurs, birds, crocodiles, squamates, turtles, and a whole array of now-extinct lineages), while the other group were the synapsids: a once diverse group ruling throughout the Permian as the pelycosaurs (such as the famous Dimetrodon) as well as the therapsids, dicynodonts, therocephalians, gorgonopsians, and cynodonts. Of these, nearly all would be wiped out by the Permian extinction, and while a few lineages would soldier on through the Triassic by the time of the Jurassic only one lineage remained: the Mammaliformes, the direct ancestor of today's modern mammals.
  • Ginkgo biloba, a kind of tree, is not only the last living species within its genus, it's the last living species within its whole division (the botanical equivalent of a phylum). In a sense, it would be like if human beings were the last animal with vertebrae.
  • There are only 2 samples of smallpox left on earth. Fortunately both are locked away in highly secure laboratories.
  • Solo, the last African wild dog on Botswana's Mombe Island. Famously, after lions wiped out her entire pack, the desperately-lonely dog began sharing her kills with young spotted hyenas and jackals, becoming a peripheral member of the hyena troop and helping her jackal companions rear their pups.

    Organism — Human — Specific 
  • For a list of last survivors of various things, see The Other Wiki's page here.
  • For a list of last surviving veterans of specific wars, see The Other Wiki's page here.
  • Any creature who has no children or biological siblings. They become the last member of an unbroken chain of organisms that had managed to survive and reproduce since the very beginning of life on Earth.
    • Complete/absolute orphans are a very special last of kind, and also the last of their bloodline. A similar phenomenon are "elder orphans," senior citizens who have outlived the rest of their family.
  • Being the last speaker of a language can be like this. Here's a list, including speakers both alive and dead.
  • Ishi was the last member of the Native American Yahi tribe. From 1911 to 1916, his status gave him a lot of attention from anthropologists in California. 'Ishi' was not even his real name- it's the Yana word for 'man' -because Yahi tradition prohibits outsiders from knowing a Yahi's personal name unless another Yahi formally introduces them to the outsider first. By the time Ishi was contacted, there was no one left from his tribe to introduce him and say what his name was.
  • The famous artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, the last descendant of the family of the Counts of Toulouse.
  • Luchino Visconti, the Italian film director, was the last of the famous Visconti di Modrone family.
  • The last survivor of the Bo, an indigenous tribe of the Andaman-Nicobar Islands, died on February 16, 2010.
  • Truganini, the last known full-blooded Aboriginal Tasmanian, died in 1876. However, it must be noted that Australian aboriginal culture considers anyone descended from Tasmanian Aboriginals to be part of that group; with several thousand such people living today, there is still hope for the culture.
  • After the Khmer Rouge devastated Cambodia, there was one living person who knew anything of how to perform the three-thousand-year-old traditional dances. She happens to be an old lady trying to teach people everything she can remember in the hopes that when she goes, not all the knowledge will vanish with her. It's likely most of it has already been lost.
  • Jacques de Molay was the last Grandmaster of The Knights Templar and since he was killed in 1314, several years after The Purge and defection of other Knights Templar, he might have been the Last Templar of the Crusader Era.
  • Bartholomew Roberts, who died in 1721, is considered the last Great Pirate of The Golden Age of Piracy. He was the most successful of them all and the classic book A General History of the Robberies and Murderers of the Most Notorious Pyrates marks his death as the End of an Age.
  • When he died on February 1, 1963, Fleetwood Lindley was the last living person to have seen Abraham Lincoln's face; he was present when Lincoln's coffin was opened in 1900 to verify that the body was still inside.
    • Samuel J. Seymour, who died on April 12, 1956 at age 96, was the last living person to witness Lincoln's assassination (he was five at the time). Two months before his death, he appeared on the game show I've Got a Secret, where this fact was his secret (which was correctly guessed by the second contestant).
  • Zablon Simintov and Tova Moradi were the last Jews of Afghanistan between 2005 and 2021. Jews have lived in Afghanistan since the 7th century, and in 1948, about 5,000 Jews lived there. By 2004, only three were left, Simontov, Moradi, and Isaac Levy. Levy died in 2005, leaving Simontov and Moradi the only Jews in the country (and even then, nobody knew of Moradi's existence until after she herself left). After the Taliban took over the country again in 2021, the pair left Afghanistan.
  • Shanawdithit was the last surviving member of the Beothuk, a First Nation (the Canadian term for what would be called a "Native American tribe/nation" in the US) from Newfoundland. She died in 1829.
  • During the Cultural Revolution many practitioners of ancient Chinese arts were targeted, with numerous skills lost forever. One of the survivors is Yang Fuxi, who is currently the last traditional bow maker in China. He has taken three students so hopefully his skills won't disappear.
  • Squanto was a Patuxet Native American who was captured by Englishmen and sold into slavery in Europe. He was freed by Spanish priests and returned home, only to find that the rest of his tribe had died from European-borne disease.
  • The last known living weapons master of the Indian martial art of Shastar Vidya is attempting to pass on his knowledge.
  • With the death of Jacques Rivette on January 29, 2016, Jean-Luc Godard became the last of the Cahiers du Cinéma (Notebooks on Cinema) half of the French New Wave and the one with the longest career. The March 29, 2019 passing of Agnès Varda, herself the last survivor and longest-lived of the Rive Gauche (Left Bank) group of the movement, left Godard as the very last survivor of the French New Wave. Varda had become the last Rive Gauche survivor when Alain Resnais died on March 1, 2014.
  • With the death of Kirk Douglas in February 2020 at age 103, Olivia de Havilland, born in July 1916, was the last major movie star from The Golden Age of Hollywood, having outlived nearly every other major actor, actress, and director from that era. She passed away in July 2020 at the age of 104.
    • De Havilland was also the last surviving adult cast member of Gone with the Wind. Upon her death in July 2020, Mickey Kuhn, playing her on-screen son Beau Wilkes, is the last overall credited cast member.
  • Following the death of Sidney Poitier in January 2022, Sophia Loren is the last remaining living person listed in AFI's 100 Years 100 Stars list.
  • Manoel de Oliveira, who died in 2015 after a long life of 107 years and remaining active to his final two years, was the last major filmmaker who began his career in silent cinema.
  • The most isolated man on earth. He lives in the Brazilian rainforest. It's thought that he's the last member of a tribe that was either massacred or wiped out by disease. Since he rejects all contact, nobody knows what tribe he belonged to, what language he speaks, or what his name is.
  • Agafia Lykov is the last surviving member of the Lykov family, a family of Russian Old Believers that fled persecution by escaping into the wilds of Siberia. Neither Agafia nor her three siblings ever married or had children (cut off from all other humans for decades, it wasn't really a possibility for them), so Agafia will be the last of that family.note 
  • Last Kings:
    • Cleopatra VII Philopator was effectively the last Hellenic ruler of Egypt. Upon the defeat of Mark Antony at the Battle of Actium and the annexation of Egypt into The Roman Empire, she committed suicide. Her defeat also ended the last Hellenic Kingdom, set up by the Diadochi, in the wake of Alexander the Great's death. Her son by Julius Caesar, Caesarion, was the last ruling member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, but in name only and for less than a month, since the Roman takeover proceeded rapidly after Cleopatra's death.
    • Nero: The last Julio-Claudian emperor. The bloodline of Augustus and Julius Caesar ended with him.
    • Julian the Apostate, who attempted to revive paganism, was the last non-Christian ruler of The Roman Empire and the Western World, and his rule is invoked by writers and historians as the closest history has come to marking the Death of the Old Gods.
    • Richard III was the Last of the Plantagenets, and the last King of England to be killed in battle. The Plantagenets were England's longest-ruling dynasty.
    • Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last Mughal Emperor, died in exile in the wake of the 1857 Mutiny. During the Mutiny three of his sons were murdered after surrendering to British forces (having been fighting alongside the mutineers). Of his 19 remaining sons, none became Emperor after his passing. While the genetic line continued the titles did not.
    • Louis-Philippe and Napoleon III were respectively the Last King and Emperor of France, Nicholas II was the Last of the Romanovs, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi was the last Shah of Iran, and of course Pu Yi was The Last Emperor of China.
    • Stanisław August Poniatowski was the last elected King of the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the last King of Poland as a whole.
    • The House of Hohenstaufen, a clan of powerful, talented German nobles which produced seven kings and emperors of Germany between 1138 and 1254, was hunted to extinction by their arch-enemies, popes Urban IV and Clement IV, and the papacy's ally, Charles of Anjou. Holy Roman Emperor Friedrich II was in constant conflict with the papacy, and his sons and descendants paid the price. His favorite, but illegitimate, son, Enzo of Sardinia, was captured by his family's enemies the Guelphs (a faction sympathetic to the Pope) in 1249 and imprisoned for decades until his death. Friedrich II's only legitimate son, the last Hohenstaufen emperor Konrad IV, died under mysterious circumstances in 1254. In 1266, his half-brother Manfred was killed in battle by Charles of Anjou, who'd been promised Manfred's kingdom (Sicily) by the pope. Charles also captured and imprisoned all of Manfred's children. Two years later, Manfred's nephew (Konrad IV's son) sixteen-year-old Konradin attempted to seize his family's domains in Italy from Charles of Anjou. He was captured and publically executed. A few months later, Konradin's bastard half-brother, Corradino, was also captured and murdered by Charles of Anjou, finally extinguishing the Hohenstaufen in the male line.
    • Elizabeth I, known as the Virgin Queen due to her celibacy and therefore lack of offspring, was the last Tudor monarch.
    • Queen Anne was the last monarch of the Royal House of Stuart. Despite several pregnancies, she was unable to produce a surviving heir. Her successor, George I, was a distant cousin who became the first Hanover monarch.
    • Feodor I Ivanovich, the middle son of Tsar Ivan "The Terrible" IV, was the last of Russia's Rurik dynasty. Both of his brothers, Ivan Ivanovich and Dmitry Ivanovich, were either killed accidentally or murdered, and his only child, Feodosia, died at age 2. Mind you, there were plenty of other Rurikids (and still are), it's just that the two assemblies which chose the new ruler in 1598 and 1613 both selected people related to the older king by marriage rather than blood.
    • Charles II was the last Habsburg king of Spain, and he was so inbred his family tree turned into a circle.
    • Speaking of Habsburgs, Karl I was the last Austro-Hungarian emperor and the last Habsburg monarch to rule anywhere.
    • Constantine XI was the last emperor of the Byzantine Empire, making him the last emperor of Rome overall. If one is to believe the myths, this would also make him the very last heir of ancient Troy.
    • Maximinus Daza, Roman emperor from 310 to 313, was the last person to hold the title of Pharaoh, an office which had started 3400 years earlier.
  • Before his 2018 death, Jerry Maren was the last surviving Munchkin from The Wizard of Oz (he played one of the members of the Lollipop Guild) and the last "true" surviving cast member of the entire movie (Caren Marsh Doll, Judy Garland's stand-in for the film, is also technically a cast member, though uncredited). He was also the last living actor to have worked with the Marx Brothers.
  • Similarly, Madeline Lebeau was the last surviving cast member of Casablanca before her death in 2016.
  • Since bass singer Melvin Franklin’s death in 1995, Otis Williams has been the last surviving member of The Temptations’ original or classic lineups, and the only surviving sixties/heyday member since the death of Dennis Edwards in 2018.
  • Joseph Medicine Crow-High Bird was the last war chief of the Crow tribe and the last living Plains Indian war chief. Because of the requirements to gain the status of war chief (which he performed during World War II)note , he is likely truly the last. Fulfilling the requirements was extraordinary and improbable even in his own time: while three of the four rites are still possible to accomplish today, cavalry was last used in western warfare in World War I, and Joseph was only able to fulfill the fourth rite— stealing an enemy's horse— because his platoon just happened to come across a Nazi-owned barn.
  • Fidel Castro was the last major world leader from the Cold War era, having outlasted his Latin American/African/Asian allies and counterparts (Mao Zedong/Salvador Allende/Hugo Chavez/Ho Chi Minh/Kim Il-sung/Nelson Mandela/Indira Gandhi/Che Guevara) and his opponents (Kennedy/Johnson/Nixon/Reagan/Thatcher/Pinochet). Since China, Vietnam, Laos, and North Korea have all radically moved away from Communist principles (with the latter in fact reorienting itself in the exact opposite direction of Communism— ethnic ultranationalism— via Kim Il-sung's Juche ideology), Cuba is perhaps the last Marxist-Leninist/Stalinist nation, an era that is expected to end in the wake of the Cuban Thaw of 2015. Indeed a number of tourists have toured Cuba in the hope of seeing The Remnant before the inevitable reopening of the free market on the island. He died in 2016 at the age of 90.
  • Lazar Kaganovich was the last Old Bolshevik, the members of the Communist Party from before the 1917 Revolution. He lived through the Russian Civil War, the 1932-33 famine, World War II, multiple purges, the Sino-Soviet split, almost the entire Cold War, and the fall of the Berlin Wall. He died in 1991, just five months before the fall of the Soviet Union.
  • By the time she died in 2017, June Foray was the last remaining prominent voice actress from The Golden Age of Animation, as well as the last surviving main cast member of Rocky and Bullwinkle (she frequently reprised her role as Rocky for multiple projects well into her golden years, with the last being a short film that was released just three years before her passing).
  • Prior to his death on November 8, 2019, Werner Doehner was the last living survivor of the Hindenburg disaster. Werner Franz, who died in 2014 as the second-to-last survivor, was the last surviving crew member.
  • The survivors of the RMS Titanic slowly passed away within 97 years of the sinking. These are some of the most notable last survivors of their respective demographics.
    • Millvina Dean, who died on May 31, 2009, was the last living survivor. She was also the youngest passenger aboard and the final third class survivor.
    • Barbara West, who died in 2007 as the second-last survivor, was the final second class survivor.
    • Lillian Asplund, who died in 2006 as the third-last survivor, was the last American survivor, and the last one to have actual memories of the disaster (she was six at the time while Dean and West were both infants).
    • Winnifred Quick, who died in 2002, was the last survivor who didn't lose any relatives in the sinking.
    • Michel Navratil, who died in 2001, was the last male survivor and the last French survivor.
    • Edith Brown, who died in 1997, was the last survivor who was a teenager at the time of the sinking, the last survivor born in the 19th Century, and the last South African survivor.
    • Ellen Shine, who died in 1993, was the last survivor who was an adult at the time of the sinking and the last survivor of Irish descent.
    • Marjorie Anne Robb, who died in 1992, was the last surviving first class passenger.
    • Ruth Becker, who died in 1990, was the last surviving Indian-born passenger.
    • Third Class Steward Sidney Daniels, who died in 1983, was the last surviving crewmember.
    • Fourth Officer Joseph Boxhall, who died in 1967, was the last surviving officer.
  • John Glenn was the last surviving member of the Mercury Seven astronauts before he passed away in December 2016 at age 95.
  • After the death of Neil Armstrong in 2012 and Michael Collins in 2021, Buzz Aldrin is now the last surviving crew member of Apollo 11.
  • Partially due to the fact that many of the Our Gang stars fell victim to horrible deaths (see this article for more on that mess), Jean Darling was the last living member of the original group until her death in 2015 - she appeared in the films when they were silent.
  • Following the death of Soundgarden's Chris Cornell in May 2017, Eddie Vedder of Pearl Jam became the last surviving major grunge singer of the early '90s.
  • As of the passing of Little Richard in 2020, Jerry Lee Lewis is the last surviving rock star from the pre-Beatles era.
    • Lewis is also the last surviving member of the inaugural 1986 induction class of the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, following the August 2021 death of Don Everly.
  • Mickey Rooney and Sid Caesar were the last two surviving main cast members of It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World before dying within two months of each other in 2014.
  • By 1991, only one year after A Chorus Line ended its original Broadway run, four of the five co-creators, James Kirkwood Jr., Edward Kleban, Nicholas Dante, and Michael Bennett had passed away. The last creator, Marvin Hamlisch, survived until August 2012.
  • It was inevitable that sometime in the early 21st century, there would be only one surviving human who was born in the 19th century. This dubious honor fell to Nabi Tajima before her death in 2018.
  • Also the fate of many old noble families, many who can trace their family lines back to the Dark Ages.
  • Léon Gautier is the only remaining veteran of the 177 soldiers of the Commando Kieffer, the only French troops who took part to the D-Day landings in Normandy during World War II.
  • Jimmy Carter is the last living POTUS who was active duty military (he was a graduate of the US Naval Academy and served from 1948 to 1953, and as a reservist until 1961).note 
  • As of January 2022, Henry Kissinger is the last surviving member of the Nixon cabinet and the oldest living former U.S. Cabinet member.
  • The Taron people of Myanmar. There are only 5 people left.
  • Since the heavy commercialization of YouTube and the rise of more sophisticated channels such as those specializing in music (especially T-Series) and children's education and entertainmentnote  as well as foreign-language individuals augmenting in popularity and vintage channels like Smosh, Ray William Johnson and Fred witnessing their downfall, there are only two channels remaining in the top 50 most-subscribed that satisfy the quota of individual, English-speaking content creators: PewDiePie and MrBeast.
    • To additionally show the extent to which YouTube has transformed, Justin Bieber, Eminem, and Rihanna are the only three channels currently in the list to have also appeared at the start of 2012.
  • At his passing in July 2020, Congressman John Lewis was both the last living member of the Civil Rights Movement's Big Six and the last living speaker from the 1963 March on Washington.
    • While Lewis was the last living speaker from the 1963 march, four musicians who performed at that event are still with us: Peter Yarrow and Noel Paul Stookey of Peter, Paul and Mary; Joan Baez; and Bob Dylan.note 
  • The late 17th century Barbadian privateer Theodore Paleologue and his posthumous daughter Godscall were (of all things) the last known members of the Palaiologoi, the last Byzantine imperial dynasty.
  • With the passing of Jeopardy! host Alex Trebek in November 2020, Wheel of Fortune host Pat Sajak is the last of the 1970s/early 1980s-era American game show hosts still active.
  • The last official Companion of the Order of the Liberation (a special award created by Charles de Gaulle for the Free French soldiers who fought for most of World War II), Hubert Germain, passed away in October 2021 at the age of 101.
  • Disney:
    • Prior to his death on April 14, 2008, Ollie Johnston was the last surviving member of The Nine Old Men.
    • As of 2022, Donnie Dunagan (Young Bambi), Peter Behn (Thumper), Kathryn Beaumont (Alice and Wendy), Floyd Norman (animator), and Richard M. Sherman (the last surviving Sherman Brother) are the last surviving people that worked with the Walt Disney Company after the creation of the Disney Animated Canon in 1937, with Dunagan, Behn, and Beaumont being the only surviving voice actors left since their original film releases who knew and met Walt in person.
    • Richard M. Sherman is not only one of the last living people who personally knew Walt Disney... but is one of the last living composers, lyricist, screenwriter, publisher, and songwriter, from the "Walt Era" (1937-1966) of The Walt Disney Company.
    • Julie Andrews (Mary Poppins), Dick Van Dyke (Bert), and former child actress Karen Dotrice (Jane Banks), who all starred in Mary Poppins, are also among the last living actors who worked with Disney during Walt's lifetime (Andrews and Van Dyke both had a close relationship with Walt). While Dotrice has retired from acting, Andrews and co-star Van Dyke are still active in film and television with the two still getting involved in a couple of Disney-related projects in recent years.
    • Mary Costa, the voice of Sleeping Beauty, is the last voice of a Disney Princess from Walt Disney's lifetime to be still alive as of August 2022.
  • By the time of his death in November 2021, Stephen Sondheim was the last surviving creator of West Side Story, outliving Leonard Bernstein (d. 1990), Jerome Robbins (d. 1998) and Arthur Laurents (d. 2011).
  • After Michael Nesmith's death in December 2021, Mickey Dolenz became the last living member of The Monkees.
  • The World Cup examples:
    • From the inaugural edition in 1930, Ernesto Mascheroni was the last of the winning Uruguayans to die, in 1984, while the last surviving player was one of the defeated Argentinians, Francisco Varallo, who died 80 years after the tournament in 2010, at the age of 100.
    • Uruguay shocked the world winning again in 1950, beating hosts Brazil. When that country were the home team again in 2014, only one of the Uruguayans was still alive, and it was even the scorer of the title-winning goal, Alcides Ghiggia (who died the following year).
  • When he died in 1832, Charles Carroll was the last surviving signatory of the Declaration of Independence.

    Show Business 
  • Game shows:
    • From the 1994 cancellation of Caesar's Challenge until the 2010 revival of Let's Make a Deal, The Price Is Right on CBS was the last of the network daytime game shows airing nationally in the United States, not counting syndicated programs.
    • For individual networks, Caesar's Challenge was the last daytime game show on NBC, while the 1990-91 version of Match Game was ABC's last. Fox never had a network daytime game show that aired on weekdays, though they aired Family Double Dare and Fun House on weekends in their early years, with Fun House being cancelled last in 1991.
    • What's believed to be the last show overall to air in black-and-white on NBC was Concentration. For various reasons – one story suggested producer Norman Blumenthal thought that colored rebuses (which were central to the show's gameplay) would be too easy to solve note  – the popular game show did not switch to color until November 1966, several years after NBC's other daytime series had switched (or debuted) in color.
    • The Newlywed Game, when it premiered on ABC on July 11, 1966, was believed to be the last TV series to premiere in black-and-white on any network. By the end of 1966, the show – along with a sister program, The Dating Game – had made the switch to color.
  • With the move of Days of Our Lives from NBC to the Peacock streaming service, this leaves General Hospital is the only surviving Soap Opera on a broadcast network that is not CBS. At some point, either General Hospital, The Young and the Restless or The Bold and the Beautiful (the latter two which air on CBS) will be the last surviving American daytime soap opera. Considering soap operas are Older Than Television (Guiding Light began as a radio show), whichever one gets that dubious title is going in the record books.
  • By the time it was replaced with E/I programming in September 2014, Vortexx was the last Saturday morning kids block on the Big Five networks which broadcast entertainment instead of only existing to meet E/I requirements. Toonzai had also fit this trope before Vortexx replaced it. KidsClick would count, but it aired mainly on This TV affiliates and a few Sinclair-owned stations, yet this too was not to last.
  • By the time it finally made the switch to full digital animation in 2015, Sazae-san was the last traditionally cel-animated show in the world that was still in production, as just about all animated series are either an All-CGI Cartoon or colored digitally with software.note  The last major cel-animated movie was Pokémon Ranger and the Temple of the Sea (2006), the last major cel-animated movie not tied to a preexisting franchise was Millennium Actress (2001), the last new cel-animated serial cartoon was Whatever Happened to... Robot Jones? (2002) and the last serial cartoon to switch from cel animation to digital was Ed, Edd n Eddy (1999, shifted in 2005).
  • The demise of The Dandy leaves its stablemate The Beano as the last weekly humour anthology comic in the United Kingdom.
  • Adult Swim, with their Toonami revival block, is currently the only adult-oriented TV channel to consistently show anime in the United States.
  • Beyblade Burst is likewise the only anime still airing on a children's network in the United States, and has held this status since Pokémon: The Series moved to Netflix.
  • When NBC Universal shut down all G4TV operations on November 30, 2014, AT&T U-Verse was the last cable/satellite provider that still carried the network until it officially ended at the stroke of midnight on January 1, 2015.
    • X-Play was the only Tech TV-produced show to survive the transition to G4TechTV. If you count Attack of the Show! as a Retool of The Screen Savers, rather than a replacement, X-Play becomes the only Tech TV program to make an unaltered transition. When X-Play was canceled in 2013 as G4 was shutting down, co-host Morgan Webb was the last remaining Tech TV on-air personality.
      • The last surviving G4 original show, Cinematech, was cancelled in April 2007.
  • Opie & Anthony were '90s shock-jocks who lasted until 2014, long after their style of (male-oriented, aggressive) comedy had fallen out of favor. By the time Anthony was fired for a series of offensive tweets, the show had spent years with no real competition, as Howard Stern had downplayed radio for the sake of his TV career, and the public airwaves had abandoned the genre completely (both they and Stern moved to satellite radio).
  • Sesame Street presents an odd case. Either Loretta Long (Susan), Bob McGrath (Bob), or Caroll Spinney (Big Bird/Oscar the Grouch) were the last remaining members of the original 1969 cast, but at that point in time most of the humans seemed to have been Chucked Out or Put on a Bus with the exceptions of Alan, Chris, and Nina, along with Charlie (who debuted in Season 50); everyone else only appeared sporadically by the time the much-publicized announcement that several of the older actors would be "let go" made its way to the publicnote . And while Caroll would still do his characters occasionally, he had Matt Vogel and Eric Jacobson as the respective understudies for Big Bird and Oscar prior to his official retirement in 2018 and death in 2019. Frank Oz's directing career got increasingly busy, and he started doing his characters more infrequently, thus handling his roles to Eric Jacobson for Grover and Bert and David Rudman for Cookie Monster, even though he's the last living original puppeteer of the show. Cameraman Frank Biondo may also fit into the "last of their kind" mold, having been part of the show since the very first episode.
  • MAD was the last remaining magazine that focused mainly on satire, until its shuttering in July 2019.
  • Upon the 2019 retirement of Outside the Lines host Bob Ley, Chris Berman is the last of ESPN's original on-air personalities still with the network.
  • The Dick Van Dyke Show was the last multi-season network show in America to complete its entire run airing in black-and-white. The plan was to broadcast in color for Season 6, but the show creators decided to end things after five seasons.
  • With the cancellation of The Jerry Springer Show in 2018, Maury is the last remaining "Trash TV" Point-and-Laugh Show, of which examples from their heyday in The '90s are legion.
  • Ricou Browning, who portrayed the Gill-man (for the underwater scenes) in the Creature from the Black Lagoon series, is the last surviving actor who wore the suit/make-up for any of the classic Universal Horror monsters.
  • Until it ended in 2020, Supernatural was the last series on The CW carried over from its two predecessors, The WB and UPN, outlasting One Tree Hill (ended in 2012) as the last scripted series and America's Next Top Model (moved to VH1 in 2015) as the last series overall.
  • After Walker Boone's death, the last main male voice actor in The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3 is John Stocker and the last main male voice actor in Super Mario World is Andrew Sabiston.
  • The Mary Tyler Moore Show: With the deaths of the show's star Mary Tyler Moore in 2017, Georgia Engel and Valerie Harper in 2019, and Cloris Leachman, Gavin MacLeod and Ed Asner, in January, May, and August of 2021, respectively, Betty White was the show's last surviving main cast member until her death on December 31, 2021.
  • Diff'rent Strokes: Todd Bridges is currently the only living original cast member following the deaths of Gary Coleman in 2010, Dana Plato in 1999, Charlotte Rae in 2016, and Conrad Baines in 2013. Danny Cooksley, who joined the cast in 1983, and Mary Jo Catlett are also still alive as of 2021.
  • 1960s situation comedies
    • Gilligan's Island: With the passing of Dawn Wells in December 2020, Tina Louise became the last surviving cast member of the 1960s TV series about seven members of the U.S.S. Minnow who become stranded on a desert island.
    • The Beverly Hillbillies: With the death of Donna Douglas in 2015, Max Baer Jr. (who played Jethro Bodine) became the last – and as of 2021, lone surviving member – living member of the iconic 1960s sitcom about an Appalachian clan who discover oil and become millionaires.
    • Hogan's Heroes: Robert Clary, who played Corporal Louis LeBeau note is the last original cast member of the series set in a World War II concentration camp to survive (as of 2022). (Kenneth Washington, who joined the cast in the series' final season, also survives but is often less remembered than his predecessor Ivan Dixon, who died in 2008.)
    • Green Acres: Tom Lester was the last main actor of the comedy, about a New York attorney who moves to the Midwest to go into farming. He passed away in 2020.
    • What's believed to be the last 1960s show where all the main-billed performers are still alive (as of 2022) remains Please Don't Eat the Daisies, which aired on NBC from 1965-1967. While several supporting characters have passed on, including Dub Taylor and Bonnie Franklin (later of One Day at a Time), the six main characters who were billed in the opening credits – Pat Crowley (as Nash family matriarch Joan), Mark Miller (as the father Jim), and Kim Tyler, Brian Nash, and twins Jeff and Joe Fithian (who played their sons Kim, Brian, Jeff, and Joe) – are still living, years after the first main-billed actors of many other TV series from the era started passing.
  • The Pink Panther was the last true theatrical cartoon star, lasting all the way until 1977, many years after Looney Tunes, Tom and Jerry, and Woody Woodpecker had ceased production.
  • Rankin/Bass Productions:
  • The last member of The Magnificent Seven (1960) was Robert Vaughn, who died around the time the 2016 remake came out (it's unclear whether he knew of it).
  • After only 20 years, Natalie Wood was the last surviving lead of Rebel Without a Cause, following the 1955 death of James Dean (Jim Stark) and 1976 murder of Sal Mineo (Plato). She tragically drowned in 1981.
  • Eurovision Song Contest:
    • Yugoslavia was the only actively Communist/Soviet Bloc country to compete in Eurovision, first entering in 1961 and competing regularly, up until the dissolution of the country in 1991.
    • People think the age limit of 16 (at the time of the Finals broadcast) was set because of the 1986 winner, Sandra Kim of Belgium, who claimed to be 15 but was actually 13. It was actually set after the 1989 contest, where France entered 11 year-old Nathalie Paque. Barring the rules being changed againnote , Kim and Paque will be the last under-16 winner and contestant, respectively.
      • And with Kim's win, Belgium became the last of the original seven Eurovision participantsnote  to win the contest.
    • Andorra stands out as the only country to have entered multiple times, but never made the finals. They first entered in 2004, after Eurovision had instituted a preliminary round. Andorra has never made it out of the prelims, in six tries so far.
    • Morocco is the only Muslim Middle Eastern country to enter Eurovision, having stepped in in 1980 when Israel dropped out. Most of the major Middle Eastern countries are eligible to enter (being members of the European Broadcasting Union), but refuse due to Israel's presence. Lebanon was set to enter in 2005, but was forced out when Lebanon's national broadcaster announced their intention not to air the Israeli performance.
    • Germany is the only country to have sent an entry to every Eurovision competition. They missed the finals during the 1996 Oslo contest, due to a controversial audio-only pre-screening round, something that wouldn't happen today.note 
  • Laurel Goodwin, who played Yeoman Colt in the unaired Star Trek: The Original Series pilot episode "The Cage" (which was later reused for the two-part episode "The Menagerie") was the last surviving actor until her death in February 2022.
  • Following the deaths of Harry Anderson in 2018, Betty White in 2021 and Gilbert Gottfried in 2022, Carol Kane is the last surviving non-Canadian actor from The Noddy Shop, if one doesn't count the singing voices of the puppet cast, which were done by Nashville talent.
  • Following the death of Tony Pope in 2004, the death of Russi Taylor in 2019 and the death of Will Ryan in 2021, Phil Baron and Katie Leigh are the only voice actors from the Teddy Ruxpin book and tape series (also known as the Adventure Seies) to still be alive.
  • Following the shutdown of qubo in 2021, PBS Kids became the only channel on broadcast TV to be entirely dedicated to children's programming.

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    Vehicle 
  • Many historical aircraft survive only as singular museum pieces.
    • Out of even relatively common historical military aircraft, there are many that have only one or none examples of stock planes, planes near assembly line specifications, which you would think would be the most common examples. This is because the military scrapped nearly everything it had and surviving aircraft of a type are often the results of obscure contracts and deals and either remained useful or put into storage when the standard line was scrapped. Examples include the fact that there is only one stock B-24, one B-29 that wasn't modified into an atomic bomber or trainer at some point, and one PBY Catalina that wasn't an airliner.
  • Flying Scotsman. The last of Sir Herbert Nigel Gresley's famous A1/A3 express passenger steam engines. All others of the class were scrapped by 1968. Flying Scotsman was only rescued through private patronage. One fictional example exists, though: Gordon the Big Engine.
    • Green Arrow, too, as the last of Gresley's V2 mixed-traffic engines.
    • A lot of famous locomotive classes are now down to one survivor, and this is more likely the older the class. Patrick Stirling's GNR No. 1 is the last of the "Stirling Singles," and LNWR 790 "Hardwicke" is the last of FW Webb's Precedent-class engines.
  • Southern Pacific 4449 remains the sole survivor of the railroads iconic GS-4 Daylight locomotives, with all others having been scrapped during the 1950s—and 4449 only survived because it was the first engine on the deadline where the railroad decided to select a donation from. There is a GS-6, number 4460, in St. Louis, but it's not a "traditional" Daylight in that it lacks most of the streamlining and was built as a duel-service engine instead of a passenger locomotive; it too is the sole survivor of that particular class.
    • The same goes for the 4449's stablemate, the Spokane Portland and Seattle 700, which is the only one of the three 4-8-4s from that railroad to avoid getting torched.
  • Nashville Chattanooga and St. Louis 576 is the only surviving "Dixie" class 4-8-4 from the railroad and is now undergoing restoration to operation in Tennessee.
  • Norfolk and Western 611 is the only J class from the railroad that remains, while its stablemate, the Norfolk and Western 1218, is the sole surviving A class and the only 2-6-6-4 left in the entire world. N&W Y6a 2156 isn't the sole surviving 2-8-8-2, but it is the only member of its class left.
  • Chesapeake and Ohio 614 is the only remaining "Greenbrier" 4-8-4 left from the line, currently displayed in West Virginia.
  • Union Pacific 9000 is the prototype of the railroad's 4-12-2 types, and the only one that got spared from being scrapped. The RailGiants Museum in Pomona, CA, the same group that ensured UP would be able to restore Big Boy 4014 in later years, has it, along with the only Southern Pacific 4-10-2 (number 5021) and the sole survivor of the Santa Fe's 3450 class of Hudsons (the class leader 3450 itself).
  • Amongst EMD's E Units, there's plenty of examples left of E-8s and E-9s, but not everyone was so lucky. Only a single E-3 from the Atlantic Coast Line, one E-A (the very first E unit ever to be exact, Baltimore and Ohio 51), a sole Burlington E-5, and one Pennsylvania Railroad E-7 avoided the torch.
  • See this article from The Other Wiki. You may spot some ships listed below there and then some more.
    • HMS Victory is the last Ship of the Line.
    • USS Constitution is the last ship from the original six frigates that made up the US Navy.
    • The USS Texas, BB-35, is the last World War I-era dreadnought, the kind of superheavy "big guns and smokestacks" battleship that most people still think of when you say 'warship'. Also the last of the New York class, due to her sister ship New York being sunk for a nuclear weapons test.
    • The IJN Mikasa is the last pre-dreadnought type battleship in the world. She is also the last remaining ship of the once-mighty Imperial Japanese navy and the last surviving British-built battleship.
    • The HMS Vanguard is the last battleship ever built to be completed (but not the last commissioned. That honor goes to the French battleship MNF Jean Bart.
    • The USS Salem is the last heavy cruiser in existence. She is also the last of the Des Moines class cruiser, her sisters having been scrapped after it was deemed they wouldn't be able to compete with Salem as a museum.
    • Georgios Averof is the last armored cruiser. She was also the last ship of this type to serve in a combat role, as she participated in combat during WWII.
    • RMS Queen Mary is the last golden age Atlantic ocean liner and could become the last "grand liner"note  if efforts to save her postwar rival the United States fail. She's also the last ship to have sailed under the "Cunard White Star" brand.
    • SS Nomadic is a former tender of the White Star Line, launched on 25 April 1911 in Belfast now on display in Belfast's Titanic Quarter. She was built to transfer passengers and mail to and from RMS Olympic and RMS Titanic, and is the only White Star Line vessel in existence today.
    • Hikawa Maru is one of only two of Japan's pre-World War II ocean liners to survive the war and the only one still around today. She's also the last ocean liner designed for use in the pacific.
    • HMS Caroline is the last surviving ship to fight in the Battle of Jutland, and the last surviving British light cruiser from World War I.
    • HMCS Haida is the last of the British Tribal-class destroyers, which served in World War II.
    • HMS Belfast is the last of the British Town-class cruisers, again of World War II vintage.
    • LST-510/MV Cape Henlopen is the last D-day veteran ship still in active service, albeit as a ferry rather than a military unit.
    • USS Olympia is the last surviving ship from the Spanish-American War.
    • Though sea cruising is a thriving industry, the Cunard Line's RMS Queen Mary 2 is the only ocean liner in the world still in operation and the only sailing vessel still providing regular transatlantic passenger service between New York and Southampton.
    • The last two surviving vessels from the attack on Pearl Harbor are the Coast Guard cutter USCGC Taney and the tugboat Hoga.
    • Brazil's Parnaíba is the last pre-WWII river monitor in service and the oldest active armed vessel in the world.
    • Prior to her retirement on September 26, 2017, Peru's BAP Almirante Grau (formerly the Dutch HNLMS De Ruyter) was the last cruiser with guns as her primary weapon (though she did also have missiles, installed later), and also the last light cruiser in service.
    • USS Little Rock is the last surviving Cleveland-class light cruiser in existence.
      • She's also the last missile cruiser conversion in the world, though Peru's Almirante Grau, had missiles added to supplement (but not replace) its guns and might be preserved. Little Rock though had the majority of her gun armament replaced with missile launching capability.
    • Soviet cruiser Mikhail Kutuzov is the last surviving Sverdlov-class cruiser.
    • As of 2018, HTMS Pin Klao (formerly USS Hemminger) is the last World War II-era Cannon-class destroyer escort still in active service.
    • Kommuna is the last ship in active, as in not training or ceremonial service, from World War I. No, we didn't leave out an extra "I" there—Kommuna was commissioned in 1915 as submarine rescue vehicle and still is one, among her other duties. The Russian Navy even says they still consider her quite a valuable addition to their fleet.
    • The world's oldest lifeboat Zetland is also the last surviving example of the first class of purpose-built rescue lifeboats that were built in South Shields in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
  • There is only one surviving whaleback-type ship, the SS Meteor, today a museum ship.
  • The last Delta II rocket flew on September 15, 2018.
  • The Bovington Tank Museum in England has several last surviving examples of armoured vehicles, including the only surviving Mark I tank from World War 1 (the original tank, theirs may well be the second Mark I ever made), as well as a Mark II from the same time period. They also have Tiger 131, the last functional Tiger, which was captured during the North Africa Campaign of World War II.
  • The Ford Panther platform, which underpinned the Ford Crown Victoria, Mercury Grand Marquis, and Lincoln Town Car, was the last "great American sedan"note , built full-size body-on-frame with a V8 engine and rear-wheel drive. The Panther platform's main rival, the GM B-body (which underpinned the Chevrolet Caprice and among other GM full-sized sedans), was discontinued in 1996, while the Panther platform soldiered on for another decade and a half, being popular with fleet operators (Crown Vic for taxi and police service and the Town Car for limousine service). The Crown Vic and Town Car were both discontinued in 2011 with their Grand Marquis sibling discontinued a year earlier, coinciding with the shuttering of the Mercury brand.
  • In a similar vein to the Ford Panther platform, the Dodge Charger and Chrysler 300, both of which share the Chrysler LX platform, are the last full-size four-door sedans still in production by any of the traditional US manufacturers for the North American market. Among US manufacturers' mid-size sedans, only the Cadillac CT5 and Chevrolet Malibu remain, and the Cadillac CT4 is the last compact sedan. Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler had discontinued most of their sedans in favor of more profitable SUVs and pickup trucks, essentially ceding the North American sedan market to foreign brands like Toyota and Honda, whose sedans remain perennial strong sellers (though even those companies' sedans are now outsold by their SUVs). That said, Tesla, which makes only electric vehicles, does sell two sedans—the full-size Model S and the mid-size Model 3. The latter is the company's best seller, outselling even its two crossovers, though that's more due to the Model 3 being Tesla's least expensive vehicle by a healthy margin.
  • For decades, drivers likely learned to drive a car with a three-speed manual transmission, known informally as "three-on-the-tree". (The H-slotted gear shifter was on the right side of the steering column, with reverse in the upper left quadrant, first (or low) gear to the lower left, second gear in the upper right, third gear in the lower right and neutral in the center, all requiring a clutch to be able to shift.) While automatic transmissions became available in the 1940s, "clutchless shifting" wasn't common until later in the 1950s (except if you drove a Cadillac, Lincoln or other more expensive cars), meaning drivers for many years still likely were manually shifting gears when they learned to drive. Through the 1960s, more and more cars were coming with automatic transmission, so much so that all full-sized cars since the early 1970s were built with automatic transmissions, and in time a majority of even the smallest makes were being ordered (or came standard) with automatic transmission. As far as manually-shifted cars went, the old three-speed transmission was soon replaced by ones with four, later five (and sometimes six) forward speeds, and many of those were going on sports cars (or sporty cars) rather than everyday cars. As far as the standard column-shifted three-speed transmission went, the last known full-sized and pickup truck models to have them were as follows:
    • Chrysler Corporation: The first company to begin letting go of what was, by the late 1960s, starting to be old-school technology in its full-sized and truck lines. You could get any full-sized Dodge or Plymouth – and heck, even Chrysler's base-model full-sized model, the Newport – with a three-speed manual transmission as late as the winter of 1971, but as more than 99.9% of folks buying from the Chrysler folks wanted an automatic transmission (the TorqueFlite), every 1972 full-sized Chrysler Corporation car – even the very basic Plymouth Fury I – was built with an automatic transmission. The latest a full-sized Dodge truck was built with a three-speed column-shifted manual transmission was likely in 1979, as the folks in Auburn Hills, Michigan, recognized that many truck buyers who needed or preferred to shift also needed more flexibility and economy than an outdated transmission could provide, and a four-speed manual transmission was made standard.
    • General Motors: The 1973 Chevrolet Bel-Air, when equipped with its 250-cid six-cylinder engine only. (The same went with Canadian-built Biscaynes from 1973, an economy model that was one step below the Bel-Air). Starting in 1974, all full-sized vehicles, even the economy Bel-Air and Biscayne, came equipped with a V-8 engine and the company's automatic transmission, TurboHydraMatic. (Incidentally, a small number of 1972 Chevrolet Impalas were built with the three-speed manual and six-cylinder engine combination, the last upper-level model to be built that way. note  The three-speed manual transmission was available for Chevrolet and GMC full-sized pickup trucks and standard-sized vans as late as 1987, but its availability was limited and it's unlikely that, by the mid-1980s, more than a very small number note  were built with the antiquated transmission.
    • Ford Motor Company: As late as 1972, Ford's economy-line models – the Custom and Custom 500, when equipped with the 240-cid six-cylinder engine – could be built with a three-speed manual transmission, but as was the case with General Motors, it's likely demand was very limited to almost non-existent. The 1973 Custom 500 (and Custom in Canada, where the super-stripped full-sized car was still marketed) had a 351-cid V-8 and SelectShift automatic transmission standard, just like the more luxurious Galaxie 500 and LTD/LTD Brougham models. As far as the F-series full-sized pickup trucks, the venerable transmission was standard as late as 1986, but with needs changing and more flexible and efficient transmissions available for those who preferred clutch shifting, it's likely only a handful of trucks were built this way.
  • Each of the Big Three automakers' mainstream lines – Chevrolet, Ford, and Plymouth – had in their full-sized car lines a full-range of models to suit every need, from a no-frills model that had only basic equipment to mainstream cars suited to families to luxury models that compared to the high-priced luxury cars of the day. In their heyday during the 1960snote , changing consumer needs and tastes meant that, by the mid-1970s, these cars began to vanish from the showroom floor, and thereafter would only be sold to fleet buyers (where luxury isn't a concern). As such, the following model years became each sparsely-trimmed car's last hurrah:
    • Chevrolet Biscayne and Bel-Air: 1972 in the United States, 1975 in Canada. The similar (but better-equipped) Bel-Air was dropped in 1975 in the United States and 1981 in Canada.
    • Ford Custom 500: The 1978 model year was the last for the lowest-priced full-sized Ford in the United States (although as a fleet model only; the Ford LTD was the basic sedan for private buyers), although the nameplate continued through 1981 in Canada. (An LTD "S" model functioned as its replacement thereafter.) The super-stripped Ford Custom was dropped after 1972 in the United States but continued in Canada through 1976.
    • Plymouth: The low-line Fury model – the Fury I, as it were – was dropped after 1974, after which both that model and the slightly-richer Fury II were consolidated into the existing Fury III model and simply called the Grand Fury. (The luxury model was then named Grand Fury Brougham).
  • Only one fully intact General Motors EV1, the first mass-produced and purpose-designed electric car by a major automaker in the modern era (produced from 1996–1999), exists today. The EV1 program was ended in 2002, with GM repossessing every last one of the vehicles, which it could do because they never offered them for sale in the first place—it was only available on lease deals. GM then crushed most of the cars and deactivated the electric power system on the roughly 40 remaining vehicles, which were delivered to museums and educational institutions on the condition that they never be driven on public roads. Except for the car donated to the Smithsonian Institution, which has a strict policy of accepting only intact specimens. (A couple of other EV1s have been reactivated, but do not have all of their original parts.)
  • Northrop Grumman's Stargazernote  is the last operational Lockheed L-1011 "TriStar"note  on Earth.
  • Since 1925, the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company has operated a fleet of airships for advertising purposes, with these ships often used as TV camera platforms for aerial views of live sporting events, with any ship of that class known as the Goodyear Blimp. Most of the company's airships have been true blimps, defined as non-rigid airships with no internal structure. However, the last true Goodyear Blimp, Spirit of Innovation, was retired on March 14, 2017. While the term "Goodyear Blimp" remains in use, the current fleet consists of three semi-rigid airships (with a keel or truss supporting the main envelope along its length).
  • ES1 Number 26500 is the last surviving member of any of North Eastern Railway's electric locomotives.

    Political Entity 
  • The Soviet Union didn't really disappear after its fall: a little-known region called Transnistria, a separatist state of Moldova, is all but Soviet in appearance. It retains the hammer-and-sickle logo for its flag and emblem, plus Stalinist architecture preserved in its utmost purity.
  • The Principality of Liechtenstein is the only surviving polity of the Holy Roman Empire, which ceased to exist as a political entity in 1806, after almost a thousand years of existence. Its survival is due to a number of Contrived Coincidence and pure luck since it managed to avoid being incorporated into the newborn Austrian Empirenote  and the Swiss Republic, which tried to annex it at some point or another. It even managed to avoid being Anschluss'ed into the Nazi Germany by virtue of its association with Switzerland (though it was more or less sympathetic to them). Thus it came out of it unscathed and remains independent, even if it functions more like another canton of Switzerland nowadays. Since 1924, it's been in a customs union with Switzerland.
  • Likewise, the Most Serene Republic of San Marino, which is the only survivor of the once-numerous city-state republics in the Italian Peninsula (and indeed, all of Europe). It uses a Switzerland-like directorial parliamentary system, but while Switzerland has a leader representing each of its cantons, San Marino has two "Captains Regent", mirroring the use of the Roman dual praetorship system; from a certain perspective, you can say that San Marino is also the only surviving polity of the Roman Republic, which ceased to exist in 27 BC.
  • Vatican City, the last independent European country with an absolute monarchical rule.note 
    • The Vatican is also the last elective monarchy of Europe, the system that was the norm in the continent (ironically) after the fall of Rome.
  • Japan is currently the only country in the world whose monarch is styled as "emperor", which technically makes it the world's sole surviving empire. It does not call itself that, though, as it would bring to mind unpleasant memories from the 1940s.
  • The Principality of Andorra is the last remaining state of the Spanish March, which was created by Charlemagne as a buffer against Muslim Spain around 800 A.D.

    Business 
  • The Frisco is the last of the Nighthawk chain of restaurants (and, yes, they all had separate names). Had a pretty big outpouring of support to help it survive its 2009 relocation, but had to close by 2018 due to rent issues and changing dining scene.
  • Nintendo is the last of the dedicated video game console companies. All others, like Atari, Hudson Softnote , and SNK, but most notably Sega either went third-party or just went defunct. Sony Computer Entertainment was the first to start a trend of hardware companies making the consoles while game studios made the games, Nintendo has resisted and pressed on.
  • Luftschiffbau Zeppelin is often considered the first major company based on aviation, and as such holds the title of last of its kind in multiple categories. First they are the last company that started by making lighter than air vehicles and may soon be the last manufacturer of airships. They are the aircraft manufacturer that existed before world war one and the last German aircraft manufacture from before World War II (or at least the last one still making aircraft). Before you think that Zeppelin's glory days are done, keep in mind that they hold numerous altitude records and are poised to be the first organization to send an object to space without the use of rocket propulsion.
  • The last company that provided paddle-wheeler travel & freight as a going concern rather than a tourism or heritage mindset was the Baltimore Steam Packet Company (aka the Old Bay Line), which ceased operations in 1962, after 122 years in business.
  • Following the 2016 announcement that the Bangor, Maine location would close, the last remaining Howard Johnson's restaurant in the world was located in Lake George, New York (and even that one was closed in 2011 before reopening in 2015). The Lake George location closed for good in June 2022.
  • The only surviving location of cult fast-food chain Hot 'n' Now is in Sturgis, Michigan, following a fire at the only other remaining location in Bay City, Michigan (which was in the middle of rebranding anyway) in September 2016.
  • The last remaining location of the family restaurant chain Lum's was in Bellevue, Nebraska (although a franchise opened briefly in Massachusetts in 2010). However, the Bellevue location finally closed in May 2017.
  • Since the locations in Pomeroy, Ohio and Spencer, West Virginia stopped selling it in August 2017, the McDonald's on Sand Lake Road in Orlando, Florida is the last one that still sells pizza.
  • With the demise of Child World/Children's Palace, Lionel Kiddie City, Circus World, and KB Toys (which later bought out Circus World), Toys "R" Us was the last remaining general-purpose toy store chain in the US... and then they went out of business. While there were plans for KB Toys to be revived in 2019 and Toys "R" Us did attempt to make a comeback through several new stores in 2020. However, the plans for the former never came to fruition due to lack of funding and the latter's comeback would fail (with all their stores being closed yet again by 2021) due to financial issues stemming from the COVID-19 Pandemic.
  • Similarly, f.y.e. has been the last remaining American nationwide record store chain for several years following the demise of Musicland (which owned Sam Goody and Media Play), Tower Records, and many regional competitors (some of which were merged into f.y.e.). In Canada, that honor goes to Sunrise Records, which was a regional chain before expanding to replace most of the vacant spots left by the recently-closed HMV. In 2020, Sunrise acquired f.y.e.
  • Following the closure of locations in Anchorage and Fairbanks, Alaska in July 2018, and Perth, Australia in March 2019, the last remaining Blockbuster Video in the world is in Bend, Oregon...
    • ...And following the demises of Hollywood Video and Movie Gallery in 2010 and Family Video in early 2021, by technicality, Blockbuster is the last remaining 'brick-and-mortar' store that focuses on home video rentals itself.
  • San Francisco Rush 2049 was the last arcade game to be published under the Atari name. By this point, Atari's arcade unit was an In Name Only division of Midway Games, who opted to retire the Atari name following Rush 2049's release in order to avoid confusion with the newly-revived Atari Interactive, which was actually built from the ashes of GT Interactive Software rather than the original Atari. Skins Game, a golf arcade game, was the last arcade game to feature any involvement from Atari's arcade branch (by then known as Midway Games West).
  • Until they were finally liquidated in 2019, there were only two locations left of the iconic Canadian store chain Zellers, one in Toronto and one in Ottawa. However, they were both basically operating In Name Only.
  • In 1996, the last remaining Burger Chef location, in Cookeville, Tennessee, was forced by the franchise's license holder to drop the name, converting to a Pleasers. The location held the name for 14 years after the chain was sold to the Imasco corporation and absorbed into their own Hardee's chain. note 
  • The last of the Sambo's chain, located in Santa Barbara, CA, existed from 1981 to 2020. It rebranded to Chad's, scrubbing the restaurant of its "Little Black Sambo" imagery in the wake of the George Floyd protests.note 
  • Following the closure of the Garfield Heights, Ohio store in 2021, the last remaining location of fish-and-chips chain Arthur Treacher's is in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio.
  • There is one surviving location of the White Tower Hamburger chainnote , located in Toledo, Ohio. The chain otherwise went defunct in 2004.
  • At the end of 2021, there were only six Kmart stores left in the continental United States: Key West and Miami, Florida; Hamilton, Montana; Avenel and Westwood, New Jersey; Bridgehampton, New York. There were also four in the US Virgin Islands, and one each in Puerto Rico and Guam. The Key West, Hamilton, and Avenel stores were shut down by the end of April 2022, leaving only three in the continental US. The last in their home state of Michigan was Marshall, which closed in 2021. Sister chain Sears has fared slightly better, keeping 26 stores as of late 2021 (although seven are special housewares/appliance only variants). The last Sears in their own home state of Illinois was at Woodfield Mall in the Chicago suburb of Schaumburg, which also closed in 2021.

    Technology 
  • With the discontinuation of the Amstrad CPC in 1990, the Atari 8-Bit Computers and ZX Spectrum in 1992, and the Apple ][ the next year, the Commodore 64 was the last of the 8-bit computer platforms still in production at the time of Commodore's 1994 implosion.
  • The Atari 2600 was the last of the consoles from The Golden Age of Video Games to be discontinued, with production of new units ceasing in 1992.
  • Windows Me was the last DOS-based operating system Microsoft released and came bundled with the last version of MS-DOS itself, version 8.0. Ironically, one of the reasons for Me's poor reception was that it limited access to DOS functionality in an attempt to improve speed and stability.
  • Mac OS 9 was the last release of the classic Mac OS that originated on the first Macintosh in 1984. Two years later, Apple replaced it with Mac OS X, which was a radically different Unix-based operating system.
  • The Power Mac G5 was the last Mac using a PowerPC Central Processing Unit to be discontinued and replaced with an Intel model. More broadly speaking, it was the last major computer model that was not IBM Personal Computer compatible, as Intel Macs, aside from some bespoke Apple components, are mostly standard PCs that can run Microsoft Windows and Linux in addition to macOS. This would last until 2020, when Apple announced that the Mac platform would be switching off of the Intel platform and onto their in-house designed ARM chips.
  • The Famicom and Super Famicom were the last systems from the pre-internet era of console gaming to be discontinued, with production and distribution for both systems officially ceasing in Japan simultaneously in 2003 (the Neo Geo ceased software support in 2004, but the actual hardware was discontinued in 1997).
  • Game Boy Advance:
    • It was the last "Game Boy" since Nintendo chose not to apply Game Boy brand to the Nintendo DS for two reasons: first, they didn't want to tarnish the reputation of the Game Boy if the DS's novel dual and touch-screen design didn't catch on; and second, they wanted the DS to appeal to multiple demographics, and the "Game Boy" name implied an exclusive focus on young males. While Nintendo at first positioned the DS as a "third pillar" that would coexist alongside their Game Boy and home console lines, its rip-roaring success got it promoted to being the full-fledged successor to the GBA, which had the unfortunate side-effect of killing off the venerable Game Boy line.
    • It was the last system from the pre-internet era of handheld gaming to be discontinued, with the device officially ceasing production and distribution for the American market in 2010. While the internet era of console gaming was already underway by the time the GBA launched in 2001, online support for handheld systems would not become widely popular until the release of the Nintendo DS and PlayStation Portable in 2004.
    • The GBA was also the last console primarily designed to display 2D sprite graphicsnote . From the Nintendo DS onward, all gaming systems would be designed with at least some 3D capabilities.
  • The original Nintendo DS, while able to connect to the Internet, was the last console without upgrade-able firmware, as well as the last console to lack any form of Digital Distribution.
  • The Nintendo 64 was the last game console for nearly 2 decadesnote  to store games on ROM Cartridges. Nintendo stuck with cartridges due to their faster loading times and stronger Copy Protection, but this caused the majority of developers and consumers to jump over to the PlayStation due to its cheaper and larger-capacity compact discs. Nintendo's next console, the GameCube used optical media like the rest of the industry.
  • By the time of its worldwide discontinuation in 2013, the PlayStation 2 was the last console released in the 20th century to still be officially available on store shelves (due to the lack of a year zero in the Gregorian calendar, its release year of 2000 was still part of the 20th century). In light of the rapid expansion of online gaming, digital distribution, and the controversial "games as a service" model in the 2000s and 2010s, it was also the last surviving console from the "classic" era of console gaming.
  • Wii U:
    • It was Nintendo's last dedicated home console before they chose to combine their console and handheld lines into the hybrid Nintendo Switch after the Wii U's disappointing sales.
    • Though it had an HDMI port and was the first Nintendo console to support High Definition it was also the last console to support analog television connections such as composite, component, composite, SCART, and S-Video, as every console since, starting the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One a year later, has exclusively supported HDMI.
    • It was also the last console to support loading games directly from optical media, as opposed to later consoles that would require users to install disc-based games to the internal hard drive before they could be played. Ironic given Nintendo's hesitancy to adopt optical media in the first place.
  • By the time of its discontinuation in 2020, the Nintendo 3DS was the last remaining dedicated handheld system put out by a major video game hardware developer. Its loose successor, the Nintendo Switch, is a hybrid system rather than solely a home console or solely a handheld and with Nintendo having had a near-monopoly on the handheld gaming market since 1989 and the Switch still going strong sales-wise, it's unlikely anyone will step up to try and revive the dedicated handheld market.
  • As of January 2022, obscure Chinese company Unihertz is the only company offering mobile phones with physical keypads for the US market.
  • The 6th generation iPod Touch was the last model of iPod sold and manufactured by Apple until it was discontinued on May 10, 2022, bringing the iPod line to an end after 2 decades.

    Miscellaneous 
  • Basque is the last pre-Indo-European language still spoken in Western Europe.
  • You might already know that the entirety of Romance languages (French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, etc.) were descended from Latin. What you probably don't know is that Latin is just a member of the Italic branch of the Indo-European language family; it has many sibling languages whose speakers settled in (appropriately) the Italian Peninsula, all of which were assimilated/killed off when the Roman Republic began to consolidate the peninsula.
  • The Last of the Romans, in Latin Ultimus Romanorum, is a term that has historically been used to describe a man thought to embody the values of Ancient Roman civilization, values which, by implication, became extinct on his death. It has been used to describe a number of Roman individuals. It has also been metaphorically used in other contexts to describe someone that is the last to embody the moral spirit of his culture.
  • This song about an old member of the Communist Party captures the sense of tragedy of being the last of a movement that seemed on the brink of changing the world for so many years. It also recognizes that the failure of that movement can be traced to a large degree to the sins of that movement (slavish devotion to Moscow, opportunistic betrayal of principle for quick popularity).
  • As late as the 1960s, many of the Ivy League universities were open only to men, at least as undergraduates; Cornell is the only one that was coeducational from its founding. Columbia was the last of the Ivies to admit undergraduate women, doing so in 1983.
  • The last legally sanctioned Trial by Combat (judiciary duel) in French history note , was a duel between Jean de Carrouges and Jacques Le Gris in December of 1386, after the latter had been accused of rape by the formers wife Marguerite, it ended with Carrouges killing Le Gris and winning the duel.
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