As the dancing ramps up Tevye mischievously distracts the Rabbi and tricks him into holding hands and dancing with a woman. When the Rabbi realizes the trick, he gamely compromises by separating their hands with his handkerchief.
Tevye straight after he gives permission for Motel and Tzeitel to get married.
Rabbi: A blessing for the czar? Of course! May God bless and keep the czar... far away from us!
After Tevye has given Hodel and Perchik permission to get married, he suddenly gets worried about what he is going to tell Golde. ("Another dream?") Perchik suggests that he tell her about the rich uncle Perchik will be staying with in Kiev. Tevye shouts that he doesn't need to be told how to handle his wife. However, as soon as Golde starts reacting badly to the news, Tevye immediately tells her about the rich uncle in Kiev.
Also, his attempts to break the news. He tells Golde he has something important to tell her and she insists it can wait until after dinner. Then he tells her anyway, and gets more and more nervous, and when he gets to "I gave them my permission", he jumps up and runs out of the house before Golde realises what he said, shouting, "I'll eat later!", and then when Golde says "Without even asking me?!", he burst back through the door and says "WHO ASKS YOU?" and she briefly just looks confused at how quickly he went from confident to cowering and back again.
This exchange after Tevye plays devil's advocate for Perchik and Mordcha:
Avram: (gestures at Perchik and Mordcha) He's right, and he's right? They can't both be right.
Tevye: You know... you are also right.
Many of Yente's quotes:
"Ah, children, children, they are your blessing in your old age. But my Aaron, may he rest in peace, couldn't give me children. To tell you the truth, Golde, he hardly tried."
"I'm losing my head. Someday it'll fall off altogether, and a horse will kick it in the mud and goodbye, Yente."
They're even funnier in the Yiddish production. Jackie Hoffman really milks her role!
Golde: A poor girl without a dowry can't be so particular. You want hair, marry a monkey.
The whole scene at the wedding with Lazar Wolf telling Tevye he doesn't have to listen to his 'quotes' since he is not marrying his daughter, the subsequent fight (with Tevye pushing Motel down every time he stands up to intervene), culminating with Tevye calling Lazar's wedding gift chickens diseased and Lazar responding "You leave my chickens out of this!".
In the film, Tevye provokes an argument regarding the sale of a six-year-old or twelve-year-old horse, right after cheerfully saying that this issue had been resolved a while ago. The whole village then starts to join into the argument.
Villager: IT WAS TWEEEELVE! *waving arms wildly*
The build-up to what seems to be everyone cooing over Tzeitel and Motel's new baby, which turns out to really be about his sewing machine.
During the "dream" Golde asks Tevye about her Grandmother.
Golde: Grandma Tzeitel? How did she look?
Tevye: Well, for a woman who has been dead thirty years, she looked very good.
Yente, the village matchmaker, is describing one match she's come up with: a very ugly man with an extremely nearsighted woman.
The way she sees and the way he looks, it's a perfect match!
In the Yiddish production, at the end of "Der Kholem" ("The Dream"), Golde goes "Tfu, tfu, tfu!" (A Yiddish superstitious phrase, the equivalent of "kina hora"), and Tevye mockingly imitates her "Tfu, tfu, tfu!" and goes to sleep.
The irony that United Artists chose Norman Jewison to direct under the assumption that he was Jewish. (He's not. He's Protestant.)
Adam Kantor, the actor who plays Motel in the 2015-16 revival, posted a series of vlogs from backstage called "Motel Citizen." Most of them are comic gold, but one notably funny one is "The Odd Couple," which starts out with him (as Motel) and Lazar Wolf playing out an Odd Couple-esque scene with the two characters. Lazar keeps giving Freudian Slips regarding Tzeitel.