Comforting though: Randall had never actually used the Scream Extractor on a real kid, because if he had, he would have realized that you cant actually suck screams out of someone.
Meta: The slapstick scene where Phlegm fails at scaring the kid was presumably intended to calm down any kids in the audience who were freaked out by him trying to be scary, among other reasons.
The energy metaphors. The Monster world had hit 'peak scream' due to the cynicism of our world, though screams were also a form of renewable energy. Waternoose's solution was strip-mining screams, leaving a trail of damaged or destroyed children and hastening the end. Sulley's discovery that children's laughter had far more power than their screams was something like the Monster World discovering fusion; near limitless energy that wasn't in the least diminished by our world's cynicism. That most of the Monsters' jobs got much more pleasant afterward was a very big bonus.
Boo's Offscreen Teleportation. It's almost like a supernatural killer in a horror movie — fitting, considering that human children are basically the monster world's equivalent of supernatural killers.
Boo can move from place to place in a manner that's almost invisible. It is fitting that Randall, who's capable of turning invisible, would be assigned to her.
"I'm watching you, Wazowski! Always watching!"...considering that Roz was the head of the CDA, she probably isn't all that crazy...
It also explains why she grim-facedly pulls down the shutter over her booth when the CDA first arrive.
This line also takes on a different light when you find out about Randall's scream extractor conspiracy. Roz probably suspects that Mike's not filing his paperwork properly because he's in on it, not just because he's distracted/lazy.
Ever wonder why one of a pair of your socks disappeared when you were a kid? They probably got stuck to an unlucky monster like George Sanderson and nuked by the CDA...
Take a close look around the training room: everything seems a little "off." The pictures on the walls don't look quite right (animals have too many heads, etc.). The letters painted on the walls don't look right either; some of them are backwards or the wrong shape. This is because they're approximations made by creatures who don't quite know what these things really are. It's like a zoo or an aquarium: an imitation of a natural environment and is slightly off in ways that only a human could see.
Sulley had no idea that he was in the simulation room when Waternoose cornered him. He thought he actually went into Boo's room, and he had no idea Mike had set up everything to catch Waternoose's confession. But Sulley clearly pushed the button on the control panel, which would have activated the door, so why didn't it? Because Waternoose ordered the CDA to cut the power to the door stations. They must have cut the power to the station in the simulation room too! (But they left the power on to the cameras and TV's for some reason...)
Or maybe Sulley just pretended to push the button to trick Waternoose.
I'll provide Devil's Advocate somewhat here. They specifically cut the power to the Scare Floor, and only the Scare Floor. The station in the simulation room probably is not normally even plugged in, and the Simulation Room is a completely different circuit. It's like flipping the circuit breaker on a single fuse. That won't cut the power to the entire building.
How come that Boo being capable of overcoming her fear for Randall at last despite the latter being her worst nightmare and personal monster? She had been scared by Sulley not long ago beforehand, and having been exposed to the true terror of a number one-ranked scarer, anything else less than that turns much less frightening afterwards, Randall, (the number two) included.
The Scream Extractor becomes a great deal scarier when you imagine that it's not Mike or Fungus, but rather a kidnapped child strapped to a chair with a metal pipe descending on their mouth literally ripping the air from their lungs, either suffocating them or giving them severe brain damage. Keeping in mind that the targeted children mostly would not have even been old enough to fully talk yet!
In the DVD Commentary, the writers mentioned that at one point, while Sulley is in Randall's lair going to rescue Boo, there was to be a shot where he stumbles into an entire room filled with empty cages, likely intended to house all of the kidnapped children after they were drained of their screams. Just the thought of such a thing casts a very haunting illustration of how widespread and horrifying this entire operation was going to be.
Also, just think of what Boo's parents must have gone through when they went to wake up their little daughter the morning after she follows Sulley...
I always assumed that time moved differently in the human world and the monster world, such that by the time Boo got back, it was still the same night. All shots of Boo's room happen at night if memory serves.
It's possible she was gone no less than twelve hours her time if time is similar between the two worlds (it was nighttime in the monster world when Sully first met her). Boo is not of school age, so she probably doesn't have a set time to wake up though she will have to go to bed at around eight-ish if not earlier. Still doesn't make it less frightening for the parents.
I always assumed that her parents were worried, and went out looking for her, meaning they were searching their hometown whenever the monsters were in the room.
Consider what might have happened during the 15-minute sequence where Mike, Sulley, Boo, and Randall are riding around in the vault. There are millions of doors, so it's entirely possible that quite a few people would have opened one during that time, or even fallen to their deaths. Now imagine how much effort we would put into getting through one of those doorsand given the nature of what's through them, it's likely we'd come in all guns blazing.
That said, the majority of the closet doors are stacked behind other doors, so if they opened their closet they would see another door directly in front of them.
Which, depending on your luck, may not be much better, imagine accidentally walking into your closet to find another door in front of you and you open it out of curiosity, depending on where you are at the exact moment Boo's laughing power wears off, you may wind up either trapped in the Monster World before you could go through another door, or in someone else's house in some completely random part of the Human World, either way, good luck getting back home!
And if you're met with the latter fate? Imagine you're suddenly in a child's bedroom in a completely random foreign country with your only way back home suddenly gone, the child in question sees you and calls for their parents, who come running in, see you and assume you're at best a trespasser or at worst broke in to harm their child! Even if you try to explain your situation, you either may be faced with parents not understanding you thanks to a language barrier, or they do understand you and outright assume you're lying. Either way they'd either kill you or have you arrested depending on what country you're in.
An in-universe example is the entire "Top Scarer" thing and the competition to earn that title earlier in the movie involving all the monsters going through many doors and whoever scares the most children is Top Scarer. Naturally, Sulley keeps his title. At one point, he even comes out of a door and simply says "slumber party", which boosts his points just after Randall takes the lead. This suggests that he scared an entire room full of children and it's Played for Laughs. Flashforward to later in the movie when Sulley accidentally scares Boo was his roar and "scary face" that he's forced to demonstrate. Boo's reaction is recoiling and sobbing in absolute terror. Then Sulley undergoes a Heel Realization of just how bad scaring has messed up a kid. That brings about the Fridge Horror; just how many kids has he left as scared and sad as Boo is now? Knowing that, even the "slumber party" moment becomes much Harsher in Hindsight.
It's also noted in Monsters University that crying is useless to the monsters, and dangerous because it's likely to get them caught by parents. As such, monsters are trained to use specific scaring techniques that won't make children cry. This may also be another trick the company uses to get ethical monsters to accept an unethical power source — screams and tears are equally likely to bring parents running, but tears are more likely to cause the monster to sympathize with the target.
One also has to wonder how Sulley would consider his life directions if Waternoose had just gone with his word, put Boo in the right door and went "Okay, problem's over. Everyone back to scaring."
Early on, during a conversation between Celia and Mike, she mentions she might get her hair cut. The thing is, her individual snake-hairs have eyes and brains of their own.
Made worse when you see them cringe in horror and shock at her announcement onscreen, then quite literally slump and sigh in relief when Mike told her he liked it the way it is.
I always assumed they would've grown back; it would've been painful, but by no means lethal.
Who says she doesn't have hair? We've never seen her without a shirt, for example...
As Sulley and Mike demonstrated, it seems to be quite easy to get back to the monster world simply by waiting by a kid's closet door until it's activated from the other side. So, assuming he wasn't Killed Off for Real by Crazy Shovel Lady, what's to stop Randall coming back and looking for revenge on Mike, Sulley and even Boo? Take a psychotic enemy who now has nothing to live for (since scaring as a profession has gone down the toilet and he'd be a wanted criminal anyway), who can climb walls, move silently and like lightning as well as turn invisible, and our favourite trio's futures start to look rather bleak...
The comic book has him set up Mike to be caught stealing laughter supplies, in order to create friction between Mike and Sulley, only to be caught by security footage he was likely planning to destroy.
Even assuming Mike and Sully just got ridiculously lucky and he can't make it back to the monster world, the movie implies they at least have a vague idea where the kids they're scaring live. He's got plenty of time on his hands (decades, most likely), and nothing else to do, he could conceivably hunt down Boo in her own world.
Monsters University implies that the Abominable Snowman was banished, but for a different reason. At the very end of the movie, Mike and Sulley are working in the mailroom. The two are warned by the Abominable Snowman that tampering with the mail results in banishment. The Yeti might have tampered with the mail and ended up getting banished. It's scarier that banished monsters are left to die in one of the most unbearable mountain ranges in the world, and he was lucky for being able to survive and building a home up there. It's also implied that all he eats is snow ... that is yellow.
In addition to the above, the Snowman implies in an intended-to-be-humorous throwaway line that Bigfoot wasn't so lucky, as his banishment apparently took a toll on his sanity.
Blink and you'll miss it, but at the beginning of the movie, Sully reads a file on a kid before going in the door. And in their commercial they mention that each child is matched to a monster that fits them. Now look at the number of doors and all the places the monsters are shown to go. So, basically, they have information about every child on the planet. And they use that information to scare them. Yeah....
When Mike goes to find Sulley after their fight, he has to venture into an arctic climate with the blizzard possibly still going. Given his smallness and lack of hair, he could have frozen to death if he'd gotten lost
Think about all the monsters that got banished. They don't know that children aren't toxic. They will think that they're living in our equivalent of a radioactive wasteland which there is no escape from. Those monsters probably had families and a secure place in their home...all gone. Now they live in an entirely different dimension, nowhere to go, and must put effort into not being found by humans, possibly killed, neither touching their poisonous territory. And they have no chance of ever getting home. Suddenly banishment doesn't sound so lighthearted anymore...
On that note, while the Abominable Snowman doesn't seem scared of kids, he also lives in a relatively remote region with little reason to interact with them, much less potentially be "killed" by them. Nessie may find herself feeling safer for the same reason—not many children would be willing to enter an abyssal, freezing cold lake. Poor Bigfoot, who lives closer to human society, probably suffered the most by comparison. This may be why he implicitly went crazy.
Picture this: a Scarer from Monsters Inc is creeping in a childs bedroom, getting ready to scare him/her. Then before the Scarer can scare the kid, one of their parents comes in and begins beating up the child and yelling abuse. What could the Scarer do? Try to save the child? Doubtful when monsters think all humans are toxic. Scare the parent into backing off? Youd need to be Sulley himself to pull that off. Let it happen and try to learn to live with the guilt? How the hell could the Scarer just stand/sit there and watch a mother/father assault and hurt the very child theyre supposed to protect? It wouldn't surprise me if any of the Scarers lack sympathy for humans because they've seen how cruel said humans can be.
Maybe there's some sort of protocol that states that scaring the adult is OK in these situations. Sulley, being the nice guy that he is, probably would find the idea of just letting it happen anathema; maybe he'd scare the adult into backing off (then and subsequent) and have the door destroyed. It's also possible that kids in abusive homes are taken off the list and the doors destroyed; some of the nicer Scarers would probably be appalled at the idea of giving an abused kid additional trauma.
We don't get to see what exactly Randall got up to in the brief amount of time that he was in Boo's room with her still in there. However there's a lot to take in from how intense Boo's phobia of him was, considering she not only thought he was hiding in the closet when she went to sleep, but would also run and hide in terror just from seeing him or even sensing he's in the room. But the most disturbing part is the distinct sound that she makes throughout the movie to identify Randall, which somewhat sounds like her going "Owww!"