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This page regroups the D'Artagnan Romances (The Three Musketeers, the swashbuckler novel by Alexandre Dumas, and its sequel novels, Twenty Years After and The Vicomte of Bragelonne) as well as numerous works based on them or inspired by them across all mediums.

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    Novels by Alexandre Dumas 
  • The Three Musketeers (1844) — Where it all began. A prime example of Adaptation Overdosedinvoked, as it has been adapted for the big and small screens since practically the dawn of moviemaking in a wide range of countries.
  • Twenty Years After (1845) — Always gets the short end of the stick when it comes to being adapted, as it likely would involve much aging makeup and Playing Gertrude. Sometimes, plot elements of it end up attached to adaptations of either of the other two novels, although some series did adapt it either through back-to-back filming or after waiting a few years.
  • The Vicomte of Bragelonne (1847-1850) — Pretty much all of its adaptations only retain the Man in the Iron Mask subplot (for the likely reason that the novel alone is composed of either three door stoppers or a massive omnibus — in short, it would give the whole saga of The Lord of the Rings a run for its money) and use either The Man in the Iron Mask or simply The Iron Mask as title.


  • Musketeers of the Queen (French short, 1903)
  • The Three Musketeers (Italian film, 1909)
  • The Three Musketeers (French film, 1912)
  • The Three Musketeers (French serial in 12 episodes, 1921, remade in 1932)
  • The Three Musketeers (American film, 1921)
  • The Three Must-Get-Theres (American film, 1922)
  • The Three Musketeers (American film, 1933)
  • The Three Musketeers (American film, 1935)
  • The Man in the Iron Mask (American film, 1939)
  • The Three Musketeers (American film, 1939)
  • The Three Musketeers (Mexican film, 1942)
  • The Three Musketeers (Argentinian/Uruguayan film, 1946)
  • The Three Musketeers (American film, 1948)
  • Son of D'Artagnan (Italian film, 1950)
  • At Sword's Point (American film, 1952)
  • The Three Musketeers (French film, 1953)
  • Three and a Half Musketeers (Mexican film, 1957)
  • The Three Musketeers (French films, 1961)
    • Part I - The Queen's Diamonds
    • Part II - Milady's Revenge
  • The Iron Mask (French film, 1962)
  • Cyrano and D'Artagnan (French-Italian-Spanish film, 1964)
  • The Three Musketeers (American film trilogy)
    • The Three Musketeers (The Queen's Diamonds) (1973)
    • The Four Musketeers (Milady's Revenge) (1974)
    • The Return of the Musketeers (1989)
  • D'Artagnan and Three Musketeers (Soviet films, 1978)
    • Musketeers Twenty Years After (Russian film, 1992)
    • The Secret of Queen Anne or Musketeers Thirty Years After (Russian film, 1993)
    • The Return of the Musketeers, or The Treasures of Cardinal Mazarin (Russian film, 2009)
  • The Fifth Musketeer (German-Austrian film, 1979)
  • The Three Musketeers (American film, 1993)
  • Revenge of the Musketeers (French film, 1994)
  • The Man in the Iron Mask (American film, 1998)
  • The Musketeer (American film, 2001)
  • The Three Musketeers (international coproduction film, 2011)
  • The Three Musketeers (Russian film, 2013)
  • The Three Musketeers (French films, 2023)
    • The Three Musketeers: D'Artagnan
    • The Three Musketeers: Milady

    Live Action Television 

  • The Three Musketeers (French TV film, 1959)
  • The Three Musketeers (British series, 1966-1967)
  • D'Artagnan (French-German-Italian miniseries, 1969)
  • The Three Musketeers (Canadian TV film, 1969)
  • The Man in the Iron Mask (American TV film, 1977)
  • La Femme Musketeer (American TV film, 2004)
  • Milady (French TV film, 2004)
  • D'Artagnan and the Three Musketeers (French-British-Canadian-Czech TV film, 2005)
  • Young Blades (American-Canadian series, 2005)
  • The Musketeers (British series, 2014-2016)


  • The Three Musketeers (American series, 1968-1969)
  • The Three Musketeers (Australian film, 1973)
  • Ukrainian series Cossacks has a 1979 crossover short with the Three Musketeers
  • The Three Musketeers (British film, 1981)


  • All For One (Japanese musical by the Takarazuka Revue, 2017)
  • The Three Musketeers (French musical, 2016)

    Comic Books 

  • The Three Musketeers (American comics, 2008-2009, Marvel Illustrated)
  • The Three Musketeers (French comics, 2016, Delcourt)


  • Rapiere (Hentai, 2009)

    Tabletop Games 
  • All For One: Régime Diabolique (2010)

    Video Games 

  • The Three Musketeers (American game, Commodore 64, Amiga, DOS, 1987)
  • The Three Musketeers (Swedish game, PC, 2006)
  • The Three Musketeers: One for All! (Swedish game, Wii, 2009)

    Non-Dumas Literature 

  • Musketeer Space (2017)

Tropes common to many adaptations:

  • Adaptational Villainy: Rochefort is almost always made an unredeemable villain. Richelieu also often gets this treatment.
  • Adaptation Relationship Overhaul: In the book, D'Artagnan is attracted to Constance, the wife of his landlord Bonacieux. Several adaptations reduce or remove Constance's relationship to Bonacieux (such as the 1935 film, where she's his ward) so that she can be a straightforward love interest.
  • Cool Guns: In various adaptations, wheellock handguns are always the sidearms of our heroes. They very rarely use actual muskets, for some reason.
  • Death by Adaptation: Rochefort is usually killed in a climatic duel with d'Artagnan. In the book, he lives, and winds up friends with d'Artagnan.
  • Demoted to Extra: Planchet (D'Artagnan's sidekick) gets very few focus in many adaptations, when he's not simply Adapted Out.
  • Dies Differently in Adaptation: In the 1935 film, Milady De Winter disposes of herself to save the heroes having to kill a woman.
  • Flynning: Expect unrealistic fencing in many film, TV, animated and stage adaptations.
  • Historical Villain Upgrade: Several adaptations make the Cardinal Richelieu a self-serving monster who is sometimes even trying to usurp the throne, in contrast to his depiction in the original novel, let alone Real Life. He was indeed ruthless (specially against cities with huge Protestant populations that contested the French royal policies), but he definitely served King Louis XIII.
  • Lost in Imitation:
    • Most movie adaptations make Richelieu the iconic villain and antagonist of the heroes, despite his ambivalent position in the first book and total absence in all following books. Athos and d'Artagnan even ponder if they were wrong in opposing Richelieu a few times.
    • Rochefort's promotion to The Dragon, where in the books, Milady filled the role. It is hard to find a film version in which Rochefort doesn't get killed by d'Artagnan in a climactic fight, rather than by accident during a riot. In the novels, d'Artagnan and Rochefort became friends after dueling each other. He also has no eyepatch in the books either, that started with Christopher Lee in the 1970s version.
  • Self-Disposing Villain: In the 1935 film version, Milady De Winter throws herself off a cliff to her death when her plans are foiled, saving the heroes from being responsible for the death of a woman.
  • Spared by the Adaptation: In some adaptations, including the 1935 film, Constance escapes death at the end.
  • Spin-Offspring: Some original stories give children (who are nowhere to be seen in the Dumas canon) to D'Artagnan and/or the other musketeers.