The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Notre-Dame de Paris in French) is a famous 1831 French novel written by Victor Hugo. It is about a deformed hunchback named Quasimodo who lives in the bell towers of the Notre-Dame Cathedral in late 15th century Paris, his master Claude Frollo, a gypsy girl named Esmeralda, and the tragedy that ensues with their interactions.
It has been adapted into numerous other works of media since its initial publication. The Disney franchise inspired by the novel has its own section below.
The Hunchback of Notre Dame and its adaptations include:
- La Esmeralda (1836): An opera composed by Louise Bertin.
- La Esmeralda (1844): A ballet composed by Cesare Pugni.
- Notre-Dame de Paris (1998): A musical written by Luc Plamondon and composed by Richard Cocciante.
Film — Live-Action
- Esmeralda (1905): A French silent film starring Denise Becker as Esmeralda and Henry Vorins as Quasimodo. The first ever movie adaptation of the novel, it is now a lost film.
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1911): A French silent film starring Henry Krauss as Quasimodo and Stacia Napierkowska as Esmeralda. It too is now a lost film.
- The Darling of Paris (1917): An American silent film starring Theda Bara as Esmeralda and Glen White as Quasimodo. Like most of Bara's movies, it is now a lost film. Reportedly, it deviated greatly from the novel, making Quasimodo less ugly and ending with Esmeralda marrying him.
- Esmeralda (1922): A British silent film starring Sybil Thorndike as Esmeralda and Booth Conway as Quasimodo. It is now (sensing a pattern?) a lost film.
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923): An American silent film starring Lon Chaney as Quasimodo and Patsy Ruth Miller as Esmeralda. This is the oldest surviving film version.
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939): An American film in black and white starring Charles Laughton as Quasimodo, Maureen O'Hara as Esmeralda, and Cedric Hardwicke as Jean Frollo. This is the first sound version.
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1956): A French film starring Anthony Quinn as Quasimodo and Gina Lollobrigida as Esmeralda. This is the first version to be in color.
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1976): A British television film starring Warren Clarke as Quasimodo.
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1982): A British-American television film produced by Norman Rosemont and Malcolm J. Christopher. It featured Anthony Hopkins as Quasimodo and Derek Jacobi as Frollo.
- The Hunchback (1997): A New Zealand television film produced by Stephane Reichel and directed by Peter Medak, it starred Mandy Patinkin as Quasimodo, Salma Hayek as Esmeralda, and Richard Harris as Frollo.
- Quasimodo d'El Paris (1999): A French comedy film set in then-modern day (The '90s) directed by and starring Patrick Timsit as Quasimodo. It also stars Richard Berry as Frollo and Mélanie Thierry as Esmeralda.
Film — Animated
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Burbank Animation) (1986/1996)
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Golden Films) (1996)
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Jetlag Animation) (1996)
- The Secret of the Hunchback (1996)
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame, a concept album by Dennis DeYoung.
- Hunchback (1983)
Disney's The Hunchback of Notre Dame
Film — Animated
Film — Live-Action
- There is a project of live-action remake.
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1999)
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame: Topsy Turvy Games (1996)