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Film / Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown

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Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown (Mujeres al borde de un ataque de nervios) is a 1988 film from Spain directed by Pedro Almodóvar.

Pepa Marcos (Carmen Maura) is an actress who stars on television and also dubs Hollywood films into Spanish. Pepa is depressed because her boyfriend Ivan has just dumped her. Pepa, who has something very important to tell Ivan, keeps trying to call but can only get his answering machine. Pepa looks for him at work and even stakes out his apartment, but never can find him.

Pepa, who is stressed out, can hardly be bothered to focus on her jittery friend Candela, who arrives at Pepa's apartment in a state of extreme agitation. It turns out that Candela's boyfriend is a Shiite terrorist who was hiding out in her home with two fellow terrorists, and Candela is terrified that she might go to jail. Meanwhile, none other than Ivan's son Carlos (Antonio Banderas) and his fiancée Marisa have arrived at the apartment, which they are looking to sub-let.


Star-Making Role for Antonio Banderas. This film also made Pedro Almodovar famous worldwide.


  • Black Comedy: In-Universe. Pepa stars on TV as the mother of a Serial Killer. We see a commercial for laundry detergent in which Pepa successfully washes her son's blood-soaked shirt.
  • Breakup Bonfire: Pepa sets in fire a goddamn bed with hers and Ivan's memorabilia on it.
  • Camp Straight: The Mambo taxi driver. You'd bet he is gay because of his fixation with Mambo, the leopard-printed car seats and his general mannerisms. Then he ask an autograph from Pepa for his girlfriend.
  • Chekhov's Boomerang: The sleeping pills that an anxious Pepa mixes up in her gazpacho. She does not drink it, but when Marisa finds the gazpacho in the fridge and eats some, she passes out in Pepa's kitchen. Then later, when Pepa needs to get the cops out of the way so she can stop Lucia at the airport, she feeds them the gazpacho as well.
  • Contrived Coincidence:
    • Madrid's a big city but Carlos can still arrive completely at random at his father's lover's apartment.
    • Pepa calls a taxi three time. She always comes across the same driver.
  • Eagleland: When Ivan muses "some things are distinctly American," there's a shot of a majorette twirling a baton.
  • Extremely Short Time Span: 48 hours from beginning to end.
  • Foreshadowing: Done several times during the film:
    • The daily news showed in Pepa's television report some Shia terrorists captured by the police but a Spanish accomplice still unknown. Said accomplice is Candela, although unwillingly.
    • Pepa is shown fainting several times and retires her test results from her doctor, which Carlos eventually reads and thus becomes more caring towards her. She is pregnant, as she reveals in the last scene.
    • Paulina Morales, the lawyer, is extremely rude towards Pepa although they never met. She's Ivan's new girlfriend,and while she is aware of Pepa's identity, Pepa isn't aware of hers.
  • Follow That Car: Pepa gets into a cab and says "Follow that cab." The driver replies, "I thought this only happened in the movies." Later, she asks the same driver to follow the bike that Lucía has hijacked.
  • Freeze-Frame Ending: Ends with a freeze frame of Pepa and Marisa on the terrace. Interestingly, the entirety of the credits runs over the freeze frame; there's no black background.
  • Good Stepmother: Pepa is thrilled to learn that Ivan has a son and is very warm towards him when he unexpectedly shows up at her apartment. After all, she almost was his stepmother and is pregnant with Carlos' half-brother.
  • Guns Akimbo: Lucia does this after she relieves both the unconscious cops of their firearms.
  • Love Martyr: A common theme is the Love Hurts. Candela falls in love with a man that is revealed to be a Shia terrorist, Pepa has been hurt and stood up by Ivan (a narcissist and a deadbeat dad) countless times.
  • Missed Him by That Much: Pepa misses Ivan by seconds as she's leaving his apartment building, then Ivan misses her by seconds, then Ivan doesn't notice her in a phone booth as he passes it.
  • Match Cut: From the movie reel that Ivan is dubbing counting down, to the clock by Pepa's bed.
  • Outdated Outfit: The film is set in The '80s, but Carlos' mother (and Ivan's ex) still has The '60s tipical clothing style and heavy make-up. It's justified since she hasn't taken well the fact that she spent 20 years in an asylum while her youth and beauty faded.
  • Phone-Trace Race: In order to foil the hijacking without getting Candela involved, Carlos makes an emergency report and then slams the phone down before the cops can trace the call. As it turns out, he overestimated how hard it was to trace a call.
  • Psycho Ex-Girlfriend: Lucia is a textbook example. She lost her sanity after being dumped by Ivan and was committed to an asylum. She decides that the only way she can forget about him is killing him.
  • Shameless Fanservice Girl: There's a woman at Ivan's apartment building who likes to dance in front of the open window while wearing nothing but bra and panties.
  • Shout-Out: Pepa does the Spanish dub for Joan Crawford In Johnny Guitar.
  • Slipping a Mickey: Pepa mixes up sleeping pills in her gazpacho. Later, Marisa finds the gazpacho in the fridge and eats some. She passes out in Pepa's kitchen. Still later, Pepa uses it to get the cops out of the way.
  • Speech Impediment: Carlos has a stammer.

Alternative Title(s): Mujeres Al Borde De Un Ataque De Nervios


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