The Night of the Generals is a film based on the novel of the same name by Hans Hellmut Kirst. It was directed by Anatole Litvak and released in 1967. It's both a war movie and also a murder mystery (in theory, although the killer's identity is immediately obvious).
The story concerns the murder of Polish prostitute Maria Kupiecka in Nazi-occupied Warsaw. Ordinarily this wouldn't be of much importance to either the German occupiers or the local Polish police, but for two things: firstly, investigating German Intelligence officer Major Grau (Omar Sharif) is obsessed with the idea of justice for all ("Justice can sometimes hear the cry of a murdered woman," he insists), whether prostitute or not, and secondly, Maria happened to also be cooperating with the German authorities, meaning Grau has another incentive to find her killer.
There was only one witness, a fellow tenant in Maria's apartment building. He only got a glimpse of her killer: whoever he was, he was wearing a Wehrmacht uniform with a red stripe down the pants legs. Grau, intrigued, realizes only German generals have red stripes on their pants. A highly skilled investigator, he quickly narrows his list of suspects down to three officers who have no alibi: Herbert von Seidlitz-Gabler (Charles Gray), his aide Klaus Kahlenberge (Donald Pleasence), and the recently arrived Wilhelm Tanz (Peter O'Toole). All of them claim innocence, but Grau is driven by a desire to see the killer brought to justice, as he is disgusted that they are hiding behind their rank. Grau is ultimately reassigned to Paris when his investigation comes too close for comfort.
The second half of the movie moves to Paris in July 1944. The war is turning against the Nazis and several of the main characters become involved in Claus Von Stauffenberg's plot to overthrow Hitler, complicating Grau's murder investigation. He makes a deal with French Inspector Morand (Philippe Noiret), agreeing to release French resistance fighter in exchange for assistance. After another prostitute turns up dead, Grau decides to arrest his culprit amidst the chaos of the attempted anti-Nazi coup.
The movie was notable in its time for its All-Star Cast and extensive location shooting; notably, it was the first Western production to film in Warsaw during the Cold War. Unfortunately the production was rather tumultuous: shooting began without a finished screenplay, with producer Sam Spiegel bringing in numerous script doctors (notably Gore Vidal and Robert Anderson) for rewrites while the movie was in production, and his domineering producing style aggravated both director Anatole Litvak and the cast members. Though the movie received respectable critical reviews, it flopped at the box office and became one of Spiegel's least-successful movies.
Tropes used in this novel:
- Action Prologue: The movie opens with a brief scene of Grau avoiding an ambush by Polish resistance fighters.
- All Germans Are Nazis: The film goes to great lengths to both subvert and avert this. Grau in particular seems to have no love for the goosestepping thugs who serve the Party's interests.
- Ambiguous Disorder: Tanz is driven by a compulsive desire to kill. Even he can't quite narrow down exactly what's wrong with him. After much soul-searching, he can only conclude that there are "reasons," but the war is what brought his homicidal tendencies to the surface.
- Ate His Gun: Tanz at the end, after he's Driven to Suicide.
- Bad Boss: Tanz frequently punishes his various subordinates for minor infractions, such as not washing their hands.
- Bald of Evil: What we're led to believe Kahlenberge is. He's actually Bald of Awesome, because despite looking like a stereotypical Nazi skinhead, Kahlenberge is actually one of the most moral people in the film other than Grau. He hates the hero worship surrounding Tanz, finds his actions in Warsaw to be despicable, and eventually joins the plot to kill Hitler.
- Big Fun: Hartmann's cousin and fellow soldier, Otto.
- Blood Knight: General Tanz is ruthless on the battlefield and seems to relish the chance to start a battle. This actually makes Grau consider him less likely to be guilty though, wondering why Tanz would bother killing prostitutes when he has so many opportunities to kill without risking arrest and disgrace.
- Deadpan Snarker: The movie is filled with them, but the most notable one is Kahlenberge, who exudes snark in every scene.
- Dirty Coward: What Hartmann thinks he is; Ulrika thinks he's a Lovable Coward.
- The Film of the Book: A by-and-large faithful adaptation of Hans Helmet Kurst's novel. The screenwriters also incorporated elements of James Hadley Chase's unrelated novel The Wary Transgressor, particularly in sketching Hartmann's relationship with Tanz.
- Flash Forward: The movie frequently jumps ahead to (what was then) the present day of the 1960s, showing an older Morand continuing Grau's investigation into the murder, allowing us to see what all the main characters who survived the war are up to.
- Frame-Up: This happens twice:
- In the first instance, Tanz frames Hartmann for the latest murder in Paris.
- In the second instance, when Grau comes to arrest Tanz for the murders shortly after the assassination attempt against Hitler, Tanz blows him away and then claims Grau had been in on the plot against the Führer.
- Although this is arguably a case of Framing the Guilty Party given that Grau, while not a member of the plot, was aware of its existence and hadn't arrested Kahlenberg despite knowing of his involvement.
- The General's Daughter: Gabler's daughter Ulrike who falls in love with Corporal Hartmann and marries and has a child with him when he's hiding under an assumed name.
- High-Class Glass: Von Seidlitz-Gabler wears a monocle in several scenes.
- Historical Domain Character: A few. Erwin Rommel appears in a scene depicting an Allied plane strafing his staff car; Claus Von Stauffenberg's failed assassination of Hitler is dramatized late in the film. Harry Andrews plays a character identified as "the Military Governor of France" who would be Carl-Heinrich Wilhelm von Stülpnagel, who indeed supported the 20 July Plot in Real Life and was later executed.
- I Fight for the Strongest Side!: Gabler is aware of the plot against Hitler, and turns a blind eye to it, while refusing to give material support. He tries to tell Kahlenberg that this is because if the plot fails, then they'll need friends who are above suspicion to try and help mitigate their punishment. Kahlenberg and the others feel that he simply wants to be in the good graces of the plotters in case they succeed, while minimizing the risk he faces if they fail.
- Informed Attribute: General Gabler is once noted to be a "sexual athlete" who regularly frequents Paris's nightclubs and brothels, but we never actually see him outside of headquarters except when he's with his family. Presumably this is intended as a Red Herring.
- Just Following Orders: Tanz takes Grau's initial investigation calmly, despite the anger of his fellow generals, pointing out that the man is simply doing his job.
- Kicked Upstairs: At one point, the generals conspire to get Grau off their backs by getting him promoted to colonel.
- A Million Is a Statistic: French Inspector Morand at one point insists that "murder is the occupation of generals," prompting a darkly amused Grau to fire back that "what's admirable on the large scale is monstrous on the small."
- Mook Lieutenant: Grau has Captain Engels, while Tanz has Colonel Sandauer.
- My Master, Right or Wrong: Despite being a Bad Boss, Tanz has the total dedication and Undying Loyalty of his men, who all seem to endure his abuse just to be near him.
- Nazi Nobleman: Von Seidlitz-Gabler is a subversion. He's a nobleman, and serving in the German Army, but maintains an air of neutrality throughout the film, and never actually expresses any Nazi ideals (beyond turning a blind eye to Tanz's harsh military practices).
- Nazi Protagonist: Except for Inspector Morand, who is a French policeman, all of the main characters serve in the German military in one fashion or another, even von Seidlitz-Gabler's daughter.
- Obligatory War Crime Scene: The scene where Tanz's troops massacre several inhabitants of Warsaw.
- Pet the Dog: Tanz shows some Pragmatic Villainy by insisting that his men carry snacks and treats for Polish children, insisting that they need to win the people's confidence in order to gain their cooperation.
- Propaganda Hero: Hartmann won a medal and accolades simply for surviving a battle by hiding, with the Germans claiming that he bravely killed several enemy soldiers for morale purposes.
- Put on a Bus: Captain Engel vanishes from the story after Grau is promoted and sent to Paris.
- Racist Grandma: Frau Gabler is a far more ardent Nazi than her husband, and after the war remains unrepentant and committed to Hitler's ideals, with Ulrike refusing to speak to her, or let her near her grandson.
- Run for the Border: Kahlenberg mentions doing this as soon as he heard that Hitler had survived the bombing, and did make it to Switzerland ahead of his pursuers. In the movie, his escape was much more straightforward: he went to the battle front and surrendered to the Americans as soon as he could.
- Screw the Rules, I'm Doing What's Right!: Grau, in spades. No matter what, he will solve the murder because he hates the fact the killer is a general who thought he could hide behind his rank.
- Sir Not-Appearing-in-This-Trailer: Christopher Plummer makes a cameo appearance as Erwin Rommel but did not feature on advertising publicity of the time.
- Star-Crossed Lovers: Hartmann and Ulrike have shades of this Particularly after he is framed for murder and tries to contact her before fleeing.
- Suspect Is Hatless: Averted. While the witness could only provide one, seemingly unimportant detail regarding the killer (he was wearing trousers with a red stripe on them), that description greatly narrows down the field of suspects, as only German generals wear trousers with a red stripe. Major Grau quickly narrows the suspect pool to the three generals in the city who do not have alibis.
- Terrified of Germs: Tanz, so much so that he always wears Conspicuous Gloves.
- That One Case: The murdered prostitutes cause Grau, and eventually Morand, quite a bit of perplexion, and they become determined to solve them.