A 1984 British film by Roland Joffé (the French director of The Mission), The Killing Fields is based on journalist Sydney Schanberg's account of Cambodia's Khmer Rouge regime from his article, The Death and Life of Dith Pran. The role of Pran was portrayed by Dr. Haing S. Ngor, a Cambodian doctor who actually lived under the Khmer Rouge regime and escaped, and went on to win the Oscar for Best Supporting Actornote . It also stars Sam Waterston (who was nominated for Best Actor at the Academy Awards) and John Malkovich. The soundtrack was composed by Mike Oldfield.
While the Khmer Rouge wages war against the Cambodian government, American journalist Sydney Schanberg meets Cambodian journalist and interpret Dith Pran. They cover the war together and become friends, until the Khmer Rouge army finally takes power over Cambodia and enters Phnom Penh. They both take refuge in the French embassy, along with the remaining Westerners from Phnom Penh and thousands of scared Cambodians, before the Khmer Rouge forces all male Cambodians out and others are evacuated. In America, Schanberg wins the Pulitzer for his coverage while Pran endures the ultimate nightmare of the new government's Killing Fields. Will Schanberg find Pran? Will Pran succeed in reaching out of hell?
Overall, the film is a very moving and powerful portrait of one of the darkest eras of the 20th century. Spalding Gray earned worldwide fame as a raconteur with his relating of his experiences doing the film with Swimming To Cambodia.
Not to be confused with Texas Killing Fields.
Provides Examples Of:
- Based on a True Story: Based on the real story of Sydney Schanberg and Dith Pran.
- Book-Ends: The bulk of the movie begins and ends with songs by the main two songwriters of The Beatles. When Sydney and co. first start taking photographs of the bombed village and are arrested for having a camera out in front of a prisoner execution, "Band on the Run" by Paul McCartney and Wings can be heard playing on a Cambodian soldier's radio. Much later on, when Sydney and Pran are reunited at the very end of the film, "Imagine" by John Lennon can be heard playing over the Thai refugee camp's intercom.
- Bilingual Bonus: There are some lines of dialogue in Khmer and in French and they are not always translated.
- Bittersweet Ending: Even though Pran escapes the regime in the end, the film makes note of all the other refugees who still remain in Cambodia. And millions died before Vietnam invaded Cambodia.
- Buried in a Pile of Corpses: When he escapes, Pran falls in a large muddy hole. Suddenly he realizes with horror that it is full of corpses.
- Chekhov's Gunman: The young FANK soldier Pran gives the Mercedes emblem to ("Mercedes Number 1!") later cuts Pran loose, although this time as a Khmer Rouge guerrilla.
- Civil War: During the first part of the film, between the NVA and VC-backed Khmer Rouge and the US and South Vietnamese-backed Khmer Republic.
- Decoy Protagonist: Although Sydney is ostensibly the protagonist, the real hero of the film is Pran.
- Defector from Decadence: Phat, the leader of the compound. He is a Khmer Rouge leader, but he is sick of their extreme methods and he fears for the future of Cambodia under their rule. Finally, he tries to oppose summary executions, but he is killed by other Khmer Rouge fighters.
- Dirty Communists: The Khmer Rouge are a non-Soviet example, being a Chinese-backed Maoist regime intent on eliminating their perceived enemies any way they can.
- Enemy Civil War: Within the communist side, the Marxist-Leninist People's Army of Vietnam versus the Maoist Khmer Rouge.
- Enfant Terrible: The kids who the Khmer Rouge have brainwashed are really dangerous and fearsome.
- Even Evil Has Loved Ones: Even a Khmer Rouge leader like Phat cares for his son.
- Even Evil Has Standards: Phat is a Khmer Rouge leader, but he is sick of their extreme methods and he fears for the future of Cambodia under their rule.
- Feeling Oppressed by Their Existence: The film depicts the Khmer Rouge's application of these principles to those of Vietnamese descent and "intellectuals," a category that included urban professionals and people who wore glasses.
- From Bad to Worse: The film begins with Cambodia being bombed by the American air force. It's horrible. Then the Khmer Rouge take over.
- Gory Discretion Shot: Several prisoners are summarily executed by the Khmer Rouge. The camera cuts away before a women is shot with an AK-47 at point-blank range.
- HeelFace Turn: Phat, the leader of the compound. He is a Khmer Rouge leader, but he is sick of their extreme methods and he fears for the future of Cambodia under their rule. Finally, he tries to oppose summary executions, but he is killed by other Khmer Rouge fighters.
- Hollywood History: Pran's time in Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge was even worse than the way it was portrayed on film. The movie leaves out the times he was tortured, and presents a rosier picture of his eventual escape, since it shows him going straight to Thailand and The Red Cross when in fact before that he was found by the Vietnamese and made a village chief before escaping again before they found out about his American ties. And while the film does show his wife and children surviving and getting out note , in Real Life Pran still lost 50 other members of his family, including his three brothers and his sister.
- Hope Spot: The Americans seem to finally create a photo for Pran's fake ID, but the image fades by the time it's presented.
- Intrepid Reporter: Sydney is a passionate journalist. He investigates the American bombings and he chooses to stay in Cambodia after the evacuation of the American embassy. Pran chooses to stay too, even if he knows that the Khmer Rouge will oppress the intellectuals and his family takes refuge in the US.
- I Will Find You: Sydney devotes all his free time to finding Pran after escaping to America.
- Made a Slave: Pran and countless other Cambodians are forced to labour in the fields for the regime.
- MacGyvering: Al Rockoff is able to make of photograph of Dith Pran with the little equipment available in the French embassy. Unfortunately, the quality of fixer is so bad that the picture fades after a few days.
- Meaningful Echo: Pran gives a Mercedes emblem to a young FANK soldier, who says "Mercedes number one!". Later, a Khmer Rouge guerrilla cuts Pran loose and tells him "Mercedes number one!", which reveals that he is the same soldier who has gone over or being conscripted into communist ranks.
- Obfuscating Stupidity: Since the Khmer Rouge track and kill the educated, this is an important part of Dith Pran's survival (for example, he has to pretend that he does not understand foreign languages). Dr. Haing S. Ngor, the actor who plays his role, also lived in Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge rule and he had to use the same tactic.
- Penal Colony: The whole Cambodian countryside is turned into this, with the Khmer Rouge keeping a watch on their numerous prisoners doing hard work.
- Real-Person Epilogue: In the epilogue, the photographs of the real Sydney Schanberg and Dith Pran are shown.
- "The Reason You Suck" Speech:
- Sydney devotes the majority of his journalism award acceptance speech to outlining just how little the US government valued Cambodia's well-being except as a pawn against Communist expansion.
- Rockoff gives Sydney one at an awards ceremony, accusing him of exploiting Pran to win his award. Sydney chews him out in return.
- The Reveal: When Pran uncovers the titular Killing Fields, and in doing so discovers just what happens to all the Khmer Rogue's prisoners who ended up "disappearing."
- Renegade Splinter Faction: The Khmer Rouge were Maoist guerrillas trained by and supplied with weapons by North Vietnam. Despite this, once they take power, they immediately turn on their former ally for ideological and ancient nationalist reasons, as Vietnam prefers the Soviet model of communism over the Chinese model and has traditionally been Cambodia's historical oppressor. This backfires on them, since the Vietnamese simply elect to invade Cambodia and steamroll them into submission with their sheer military might once again.
- The Revolution Will Not Be Civilized: In the beginning of the film, Cambodia is under the dictatorial rule of the pro-US Khmer Republic and suffers the American bombings. The Khmer Rouge is The Resistance. Then, the Khmer Rouge takes power and the situation goes From Bad to Worse.
- Run for the Border: After he escapes, Pran's only chance to survive is to leave Cambodia and to cross the Thai border.
- Scenery Gorn: The titular Killing Fields. Once Pran escapes, he goes through the countryside of Cambodia which has become under the Khmer Rouge rule an immense mass grave.
- Scenery Porn: With Thailand filling in for Cambodia.
- The Unfettered: Like their Vietnamese counterparts, the Khmer Rouge keep driving forward until victory is achieved, no matter how many casualties they take, eventually overrunning all of Cambodia itself to weaker and weaker resistance.
- "Where Are They Now?" Epilogue: In the epilogue, the current position of Sydney Schanberg, Dith Pran and the Khmer people is told.
- White Man's Burden: Dith Pran, a Cambodian journalist, is left in Cambodia, while Schanberg is evacuated from the French embassy. Schanberg does eveything he can to save Dith Pran. Subverted, because Schanberg cannot do anything useful. Dith Pran saves himself.
- Workplace-Acquired Abilities: Fortunately, Al Rockoff is a professional photographer, so he is able to make of photograph of Dith Pran with the little equipment available in the French embassy. Unfortunately, the quality of fixer is so bad that the picture fades after a few days.
- Yank the Dog's Chain:
- Just when it seems Pran will be able to evacuate the embassy with the other journalists, his passport gets rejected, because the picture has faded.
- After all Pran's efforts to save him, Phat's son is killed.