The Cotton Club is a 1984 American crime-drama film directed by Francis Ford Coppola, and starring Richard Gere, and Diane Lane. The supporting cast included Gregory Hines, Lonette McKee, Bob Hoskins, James Remar, Nicolas Cage, Laurence Fishburne, Gwen Verdon and Fred Gwynne.
The film is centered on a Harlem jazz club of the 1930s, the Cotton Club. Musician Dixie Dwyer (Gere) begins working in the club, run by mobster Owney Madden (Hoskins), to advance his career, but falls in love with Vera Cicero (Lane), the girlfriend of violent kingpin Dutch Schultz (Remar). In the meantime, Dixie's ambitious younger brother Vincent (Cage) becomes a gangster in Schultz's mob and eventually a public enemy.
At the 2017 Telluride Film Festival, Francis Ford Coppola revealed The Cotton Club Encore, a Re-Cut version that incorporates scenes from Coppola's original cut which he discovered in a Betamax. Digitally restored and longer than the previous version, Encore is stated to be Coppola's true version of his film.
This film provides examples of:
- Ax-Crazy: A number of characters are this, most notably Dutch Schultz and Vincent Dwyer.
- Berserk Button: Dutch Schultz appears to have made a grudging peace with a rival gangster, but the rival won't stop needling him, casually remarking while grazing the buffet, "Aw, what's a Jew but a nigger turned inside out, anyway?" Schultz goes berserk and stabs him to death. Then again, it was never difficult to rile Schultz, in film or real life.
- Copy Protection: It was the first movie to have a home video release to be Copy-Protected.
- Disconnected by Death: After Vincent becomes a gangster in Schultz's mob, he captures rival gangster Owney Madden's right-hand man, Frenchy and extracts a $35,000 ransom for the hostage's release. In retaliation, Madden pretends to arrange a peace deal that Vince must finalize over the phone, at a certain phone booth - near which a man with a tommy gun is waiting.
- Gorgeous Period Dress: A lot of this, of the 1920s-30s variety.
- Historical Domain Character: Quite a lot, including (but not limited to) Dutch Schultz, Owney Madden, Lucky Luciano, Stephanie St. Clair, Cab Calloway, Gloria Swanson, Fanny Brice, and Duke Ellington.
- In Love with the Gangster's Girl: Dixie Dwyer falls for Vera, the girlfriend of gangster Dutch Schultz.
- No Celebrities Were Harmed: Somewhat with Vincent Dwyer, who is real-life gangster Vincent "Mad Dog" Coll in all but surname, but who is clearly renamed in accordance with being made protagonist Dixie Dwyer's brother in order to give him a closer connection to the main plot.
- Played straight with Bumpy Rhodes, based on real-life gangster Bumpy Johnson.
- Re-Cut: In 2015, Coppola found an old Betamax video copy of his original cut that ran 25 minutes longer. When originally editing the picture, he acquiesced to distributors who wanted a shorter film with different structure. Between 2015 and 2017 Coppola spent over $500,000 of his own money to restore the film to the original cut. This version, titled The Cotton Club Encore and running 139 minutes, debuted at the Telluride Film Festival on September 1, 2017.
- The Roaring '20s: