"The Barber of Siberia" is dedicated by Mikhalkov to Russian officers, and its main topic is the set of values regarded as the cornerstone of Russian mentality, culture and politics. Values like honor, truthfulness, and willingness to sacrifice one's life.
The plot is a love-story. Jane Callahan (Julia Ormond), a beautiful American, writes to her son, a cadet at a famous military academy, but who is he? Her memories take us back 20 years to when she arrived in Russia to assist Douglas McCracken (Richard Harris), an obsessive engineer who needs the Grand Duke's patronage to sponsor his invention, a massive machine to harvest the forests. On her travels, she meets two men who will change her life forever: a handsome young Andrey Tolstoy (Oleg Menshikov) with whom she shares a fondness for opera, and the powerful General Radlov (Alexei Petrenko) who is entranced by her beauty and wants to marry her. Tolstoy and Radlov, much to the surprise and indignation of the latter, become rivals for Jane's love. She confides a deep secret to Tolstoy, promises to marry him, and together they spend a passionate night of love. But later he overhears Jane denying her interest in him to the General. Distraught, Tolstoy attacks the General, who arrests his young rival on false charges and banishes him to Siberia, to 7 years of hard labor and 5 years of isolation.
Jane never gives up hope of finding Tolstoy, her true love. After ten years later, although by now married to McCracken, she returns to Russia to discover where he lives in Siberia. She goes to his home, where she finds that Tolstoy is married and has children. She leaves from there taking with her the secret of her true love which will forever tie her and her son to the huge mysterious country.
- Beneath the Mask: A literal example, as Jane's son wears a gas mask throughout most of the 1905 scenes as punishment for an infraction. When he finally removes the mask, he's revealed to be the spitting image - though with blond hair - of Tolstoy, who fathered the boy with Jane.
- Costume Porn: The sumptuous clothing, particularly the women's ballgowns and the men's military uniforms, are quite accurate to the 1880's, during which most of the movie is set.
- Creator Cameo: Nikita Mikhalkov appears as Tsar Alexander III◊.
- Drill Sergeant Nasty: the U.S. Army drill sergeant who is instructing Jane's son and his fellow cadets in the framing scenes.
- Ermine Cape Effect: During the graduation scene, the Tsar, the Tsarina (in white gown with Opera Gloves) and the Tsarevitch are all dressed to the nines with Requisite Royal Regalia in full evidence.
- Feet-First Introduction: at their first meeting, Tolstoy gets a (probably not entirely accidental) glimpse of Jane's booted foot; during The Victorian Era, of course, women's feet were supposed to be kept discreetly covered in public, so the sight of a woman's shoe or foot peeking out from under her skirt was highly titillating.
- Gorgeous Period Dress: Most of the film is set during the 1880's, with the framing sequences pretty obviously being set during The Edwardian Era.
- Hooker with a Heart of Gold: Jane Callahan. Her mission is to seduce Russian noblemen to win their support for McCracken's invention. Then she meets Tolstoy...
- Mood Whiplash: The first half of the movie is very much in the romantic-comedy mold, with a lot of outright slapstick moments, but the proceedings take a serious tone when Tolstoy and Jane consummate their love and Tolstoy's rivalry with Radlov comes into the open.