Putney Swope is a 1969 film satirizing the advertising industry (one of the earliest), directed by Robert Downey Sr.
When the CEO of an advertising company dies during a meeting, the board of directors are forced to hold an election for the new chairmen. Since they can't vote for themselves, and are unwilling to vote for each other, all of them vote for the least likely member: music producer and Token Black Man Putney Swope (Arnold Johnson). Swope fires almost everyone, renames the company "Truth and Soul, Inc." and brings on a crew of stereotypical Black Muslims to run the business. Hilarity Ensues.
The movie is notable for its cast (which is almost entirely black and well developed), its hilarious lampshading of real-life advertising practices, and its psychedelic (but only slightly over the top) fake commercials.
This film contains examples of:
- Aside Glance: A couple of times when Bissinger is announcing the ballot results.
- Character Title
- Corrupt Corporate Executive: Virtually all of the white cast.
- So much so, that when the chairman dies in the middle of a meeting, they actually go through his pockets and loot his valuables.
- Darkest Africa: To support their brothers and sisters in Africa, Putney wants to dispense with telecommunications and send office correspondence entirely by "the drum." Even his associates think this would be insane. Until...
- Does This Remind You of Anything?: Greedy white administration is thrown out only for the black people who replace them to wind up being equally nasty. Truth and Soul Inc. or post-colonial Africa?
- Ensemble Cast: Surprising for the sixties/seventies. Even the white people and punchline characters get a decent amount of screen-time.
- Flipping the Bird: The film's poster (seen above) features this, with a model representing the "finger".
- Gray-and-Grey Morality: The closest thing to a good character in the entire film is Elias, the guy whose father dies. Even then, its hinted at that he's an incompetent mooch. The new black administration is just as corrupt as the old one, just corrupt in different ways.
- Heel–Face Turn: Putney Subverted
- The Hero: Averted/Played With. Putney is thrust into a position where he needs to be the archetypal hero in order to make the world right. Unfortunately, he's just some guy who was in the right place at the right time. Everyone seems to acknowledge that if African-Americans had been given the chance to choose their own leader, it wouldn't have been Swope.
- The Lancer: Almost a deconstruction. There's a character identified only as "The Arab" who, all throughout the movie, complains about how Putney does things and how he can do it better. As Putney becomes more corrupt, the Arab's complaints go from petty arguments to legitimate criticisms, not that anybody listens to him.
- Meet the New Boss: Putney's slow descent after taking the reigns is presented as just as corrupt as the white men who put him there before.
- Malcolm Xerox
- Precision F-Strike: One of the commercials the agency produces features an offstage announcer telling a man all the nutritious things about the cereal he's eating. When he finishes, the man smiles and says, "No shit!"
- Splash of Color: Most of the movie is in black and white, but Truth and Soul's commercials are done in full color.
- Token White: In contrast to Putney being the Token Minority of the old advertising board, there's one recurring white guy after he's put in charge. The character's name is even "Mr. Token."