One of Humphrey Bogart's breakout roles that made him a star (along with The Maltese Falcon), this 1941 heist film was directed by Raoul Walsh. John Huston and W.R. Burnett wrote the screenplay, adapted from Burnett's novel of the same name.
Bogart stars as robber Roy Earle, pardoned six years into a life sentence through the machinations of ailing crime lord Big Mac. Earle has been broken out to do one last heist, alongside two young toughs, who disgust him with their lack of discipline and smarts. Earle finds himself out of place in a world that is changing fast. His failed romance with a young Dust Bowl refugee convinces him that he has no place in honest life, but when the heist goes bad, he finds loyal companionship in the form of Marie (Ida Lupino), a dancehall girl from Los Angeles.
Remade by Walsh as the 1949 Western Colorado Territory (starring Joel McCrea and Virginia Mayo), and by Stuart Heisler as the 1955 film I Died a Thousand Times (starring Jack Palance and Shelley Winters).
This movie contains examples of:
- The Caper: Roy, Babe, and Red rob a resort hotel.
- Cartwright Curse: Sort of. Every owner of Pard the dog has died.
- Climbing Climax: Earle flees the police up the rocky slopes of the titular High Sierra.
- Disabled Love Interest: Velma has a clubbed foot. While Roy pays for her operation, she already has a fiancee.
- Downer Ending: Everybody dies except Rodriguez, who talked, and Marie, who's going to prison or possibly an asylum, as she appears to be having a nervous breakdown at the end.
- Dying Moment of Awesome: Roy Earle gets shot off the top of the tallest mountain in America.
- Film Noir: This is a classic example, although one might consider it a gangster film or pre-noir, as many consider the genre to have been defined with The Maltese Falcon. Historians cite it as a Genre Turning Point, in that it was when the '30s gangster film became Noir, noting the greater psychological focus and the symbolism (which generally defined noir) separated it from the '30s gangster films, which were more focused on social opinions of urban crime rather than exploring character motivations.
- Meaningful Name: Roy Earle is a reference to King Lear, (Earle is a semi-anagrame for Leare, and Roy is French for King). About the only thing in common was the theme of growing old and the longing for One Last Job.
- Never Going Back to Prison: Roy is haunted by bad dreams of prison, and is determined to never return. Like so many other examples of this trope, he eventually chooses Suicide by Cop rather than get taken back to prison.
- No Historical Figures Were Harmed: Roy Earle is based on◊ John Dillinger◊, down to a final last job, tracked by a manhunt and entering into a romance at the time of his death.
- One Last Job: Roy wants to retire after this heist.
- Retirony: He ends up dead.