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Derivative Works / Sherlock Holmes

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This page lists adaptations of Sherlock Holmes stories and derivative works based on the character.

Original works:

Adaptations and derivative works:

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    Anime & Manga 
  • Sherlock Hound, an anime adaptation that recast the characters as Funny Animals and aired in 1984 and 1985.
  • Case File nº221: Kabukicho is a modernized version set in Shinjuku, Japan. This version of Holmes is a fan of rakugo and explains his findings on the case in this manner.
  • Moriarty the Patriot focuses on Holmes' archnemesis, James Moriarty, who is actually composed of three brothers sharing the same name. This version of Moriarty wants to destroy the British noble class.
  • Vampire Holmes: An anime where Holmes is a vampire, as opposed to a detective.

    Audio Plays 
  • Big Finish:
    • Sherlock Holmes, an audio series starring Nicholas Briggs and Richard Earl as Holmes and Watson.
    • Holmes, voiced again by Briggs and seemingly the same version from the Big Finish audio series, appears in ''The Confessions of Dorian Gray" story "Ghosts of Christmas Pasts".
    • The 2015 audio adaptation of All-Consuming Fire also had Briggs and Earl voice Holmes and Watson.

    Comic Books 
  • Baker Street
  • Batman: Batman meets Sherlock Holmes in Detective Comics #572, the 50th anniversary. In it, Batman travels to London to foil a plot by a descendant of Moriarty based on a previously untold adventure of Holmes. At the end of the adventure, the Dark Knight, and his allies encounter the ancient (but still very much alive) Sherlock.
  • Deadpool: Deadpool Killustrated, a sequel to Deadpool Kills the Marvel Universe, has Sherlock Holmes confronting Deadpool, who is killing every famous literary character in the Ideaverse. He even forms his own Avengers team consisting of his partner Dr. Watson, Hua Mulan, Beowulf and Natty Bumppo.
  • Kid Sherlock
  • The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen: Sherlock Holmes only appears once in a flashback where he had his confrontation with Moriarty in Reichenbach Falls. He is also possibly a former member of the League where the League's symbol is found on his silver cigar case. Like in the original canon, Sherlock fakes his death and retires to Sussex where he is a beekeeper. In 1904, Mina Murray finds him and asks him to be the League's adviser but Sherlock rejects the offer. However, his older brother, Mycroft Holmes, was the director of the League called "M". The same goes with Moriarty who was Mycroft's predecessor and has a descendent in the 1950's.
  • Moriarty
  • Sherlock Holmes and the Horror of Frankenstein
  • Victorian Undead
  • Watson and Holmes
  • X-Men: In the Marvel Universe, it was frequently implied — and later Immortal X-Men explicitly confirmed the connection — that Destiny, whose real name is "Irene Adler", was in fact the Irene Adler and that her lover Mystique was herself Holmes. It appears that Destiny was also Watson by being Mystique's partner,with Doyle In-Universe basing his stories on them.

A common urban legend is that Sherlock Holmes fanfics were so common as to make the writers of Star Trek: The Next Generation believe that the character, as well as his nemesis Professor Moriarty, were in the public domain when they made the episode "Elementary, My Dear Data", only to receive an angry letter from the Doyle estate. This is, unfortunately, not supported by the facts, but it makes a good story — students of urban legends will, of course, recognize some slight resemblance between this and the Neiman-Marcus Red Velvet Cake legend.

Sherlock Holmes was arguably one of the first franchises in the modern era to become almost as famous for its fanfiction as for its fiction. Holmes captured the imagination of many writers and spawned a considerable amount of unauthorized sequels or guest appearances — especially across the Atlantic, as the state of international copyright enforcement was largely nonexistent at the time. According to Victorian literature expert Jess Nevins, it was fairly common for penny-dreadful writers to write stories in which Sherlock Holmes is immediately murdered and a plucky young protagonist has to figure out who did it. Also, stories of the French character Arsène Lupin began as a Holmes copycat, but subsequently featured a renamed (by order of Conan Doyle's lawyers) version of Holmes himself.

    Films — Animation 

    Films — Live-Action 
Crime/Mystery Films

Comedy/Parody Films

  • Lelíček in the service of Sherlock Homes (1932), Czechoslovak film that combines Sherlock Holmes with The Prisoner of Zenda. Holmes (played by Martin Fric) is hired by the Prime Minister of Portorico to find a double for their weak and cowardly king Fernando XXIII. Holmes finds Lelíček, a streetwise debt-plagued man from Prague (played by Czech comedy legend Vlasta Burian). Then, while Holmes dismantles a conspiracy against the king, Lelíček manages to survive several attempts on the "king's" life and falls in love with the queen.
  • The Man Who Was Sherlock Holmes (1937), German film. Two unsuccessful private detectives (played by Hans Albers and Heinz Rühmann) decide to drum up interest by dressing up as Holmes and Watson. They are met with great deference everywhere, solve the theft of valuable stamps, but are put on trial for impersonation, where they insist that they told everybody that they weren't Holmes and Watson. Conan Doyle is shown laughing his head off in the courtroom audience and mentioning that Holmes and Watson are fictional characters he invented, which means the movie must be set before 1930.
  • They Might Be Giants (1971). Starred George C. Scott as a man who thought he was Sherlock Holmes, and Joanne Woodward as his psychiatrist, whose name was Watson. The film itself took its name from a line in Don Quixote.
  • The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes' Smarter Brother (1975). Gene Wilder's directorial debut. It stars Wilder as Sherlock's (self-proclaimed) smarter younger brother Siegerson, who attempts to thwart Moriarty on his own.
  • The Hound of the Baskervilles (1978), starring Dudley Moore, Peter Cook and Terry-Thomas.
  • My Dearly Beloved Detective (1986). Soviet film. Not quite an adaptation, since Holmes and Watson are stated to be fictional in-story. However, two ladies with the last names of Holmes and Watson decide to enter the business...
  • Without a Clue (1988). The Holmes/Watson roles are reversed, with Watson (Ben Kingsley) as the real detective and "Holmes" (Michael Caine) as an alcoholic actor hired by Watson as his public front ala Remington Steele.
  • Zero Effect (1998). A modern-dress US adaptation of "A Scandal in Bohemia", with the Holmes and Watson figures renamed Daryl Zero (Bill Pullman) and Steve Arlo (Ben Stiller). Despite the name changes, the plot and characters are instantly recognizable.
  • Holmes & Watson (2018). Stars Will Ferrell and John C. Reilly as the title characters, with a supporting cast consisting of Rebecca Hall, Lauren Lapkus, Rob Brydon, Kelly Macdonald, Steve Coogan, Ralph Fiennes and Hugh Laurie.

    Literature (post-Conan Doyle) 

  • Adrian Conan Doyle (son of Arthur Conan Doyle) and John Dickson Carr (Doyle's biographer and friend) wrote a series of short stories called The Exploits of Sherlock Holmes, supposedly the accounts of the cases that Watson mentioned but never made it to the original 56 short stories. Some consider it canon, for being written by Arthur Conan Doyle's son, and treat it as the tenth volume of Sherlock Holmes canon, but many more don't for the obvious fact that it wasn't written or approved by Arthur Conan Doyle (it was written and published after his death) and it was co-written by an unrelated author. Sequels were expected but never produced, mainly because the authors got in a dispute over who wrote what.
  • Nicholas Meyer's novel (later adapted to film), The Seven-Per-Cent Solution proposed that the Moriarty stories were complete fictions invented by Watson to cover for Holmes's recovery from cocaine addiction. (This was to explain the canon's apparent contradiction of Moriarty dying in the story that introduced him, yet figuring in other prequel stories.) In the story, Moriarty is revealed as Holmes's childhood maths tutor, whom Holmes had cast as a criminal in his drug-induced delirium. The story ends with a departing Holmes suggesting that Watson explain his absence to the readers by telling them he'd been murdered by his math tutor.
  • Laurie R. King's Mary Russell series takes place in the 1910s-20s. The title character, a young woman who comes to live on the Sussex Downs after being orphaned in a car accident, meets the retired Holmes there and becomes first his protege and later his wife.
  • Robert L. Fish's ridiculously pun-packed Schlock Homes stories...where to begin...
    • Some titles of stories: "The Adventure of the Printer's Inc.", "The Adventure of the Spectacled Band" (there is a Holmes adventure of the speckled band), "The Adventure of the Snared Drummer", "The Adventure of the Perforated Ulster", "The Adventure of the Dog in the Knight", "The Adventure of the Artist's Mottle"
    • Watney's first paragraph of "The Adventure of the Missing Three-Quarters":
    "My notes for the early part of the year '65 contain several instances of more than passing interest for those who follow the adventures of my friend Mr. Schlock Homes. There was, for example, his brilliant solution to the mysterious gunning down of a retired boilermaker, a case which I find listed as The Adventure of the Shot and the Bier; and there is also reference to the intriguing business of the hitchhiking young actress, noted in my journal as The Adventure of the Ingenue's Thumb." (There's a Holmes adventure of the engineer's thumb.)
  • The Enola Holmes series by Nancy Springer, which depicts the adventures of the much younger sister of Sherlock. On top of each mystery, the overall plot arc is the eventual reconciliation of the Holmes siblings as Enola finds that she is a match for her brother in every way for her age and Sherlock learns to admire his brilliant sister as a professional colleague. It has a film adaptation released on Netflix in 2020, starring Millie Bobby Brown as the titular main character and Henry Cavill as the great detective himself.
  • Michael Chabon's 2004 novella The Final Solution, in which Holmes (never named directly, but it is clearly him), a 90ish old man living in country retirement as a beekeeper, tries to locate a German Jewish boy's stolen parrot.
  • Andrew Lane's Young Sherlock Holmes series (not to be confused with the movie of the same name), chronicling a teenage Sherlock's adventures. These stand to be the only teen novels endorsed by the Doyle Estate.
    • As Andy Lane, he'd earlier written All-Consuming Fire, a Doctor Who New Adventure crossing Holmes over with the Doctor, Ace and Benny. It was later adapted by Big Finish, who also made it a de facto crossover with their own regular Sherlock Holmes series, mentioned below.
  • Basil of Baker Street, later adapted by Disney as The Great Mouse Detective. A Funny Animal version of the mythos, and many a child's first exposure to Sherlock Holmes. Basil's name is an obvious Shout-Out to Basil Rathbone. In the film, Rathbone himself even has a vocal cameo (albeit one well after his death) as Holmes himself.
  • Sherlock Holmes of Baker Street, a popular tongue-in-cheek "biography" of Sherlock Holmes written in 1962 by W.S. Baring-Gould, has been the source of many interesting theories about Holmes, some of which are often assumed to be canon (even in this very entry). These include the idea that the King of Bohemia was Edward VII; that Sherlock Holmes and Irene Adler became lovers in Montenegro during the time Holmes was hiding from Moran, and that Irene returned to New Jersey to bear his child, a boy later known as Nero Wolfe note ; that Holmes in his twenties was a stage actor in a company that toured America; that he worked on the Jack the Ripper case; that Watson had three wives; that Holmes's bee-keeping in later years was intended as a way of producing royal jelly, then thought of as a "fountain of youth"; and that Holmes died in the 1950s after spending the war years - when he would have been roughly 90 years old - fighting Nazis. In The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes' Smarter Brother, the title character, Siegerson, is named for Baring-Gould's Holmes pere. As a way of freeing up Sherlock and Mycroft for their various occupations while still ensuring they were members of the "right" class, Baring-Gould invented Sherringford, the eldest—and smartest—brother, who stayed home in Yorkshire to take care of the responsibilities of a country squire. Sherringford was Holmes's original name in Doyle's first draft of A Study in Scarlet.
  • The Hound of the D'Urbervilles by Kim Newman focuses on Professor Moriarty and his subordinate, Sebastian Moran, as they share a series of adventures that oddly echo Holmes's famous cases and have them meeting numerous other characters from Victorian and Edwardian fiction. The last story in the collection, "The Problem of the Final Adventure", retells "The Final Problem" from Moran's point of view.
    • Titan Books, Newman's publisher, has an ongoing series of Holmes pastiches.
  • Trouble in Bugland: A Collection of Inspector Mantis Mysteries is Sherlock Holmes in "Bugland," where everyone is an insect. Holmes is Inspector Mantis, a praying mantis, and Watson is Doctor Hopper.
  • In Poul Anderson's Time Patrol, the Victorian era office would like to hire a contemporary detective, but the only one clever enough is probably clever enough to figure out the Time Patrol. Other clues make it clear who this unnamed detective is.
  • The House of Silk, by Anthony Horowitz, follows two crimes that end up closely linked, one where a family is being hounded by an American gang boss and another where Holmes searches for the elusive House of Silk. Notable in that it's the first novel that the Conan Doyle Estate has endorsed.
    • Horowitz has since published a follow-up, Moriarty, which begins immediately after the encounter at Reichenbach Falls.
  • The Holmes/Dracula Files by Fred Saberhagen, a Crossover novel that's pretty much Exactly What It Says on the Tin; Sherlock Holmes meets Dracula. Also used to explain The Giant Rat of Sumatra.
  • Brazilian TV personality Jô Soares (a veteran TV comedian, now known for his David Letterman-style talk show) wrote a book titled "O Xangô de Baker Street". In that book, Holmes was described as knowing the Portuguese language, which helped him since he went to Brazil to try to figure out the identity of a serial killer. His portrayal in that book had him misinterpret clues. He failed, which was attributed to his lack of knowledge of how musical notes were known in Brazil. The culprit, whose identity was revealed to the readers, moved to England and was implied to be Jack the Ripper.
  • Dust and Shadow: An Account of the Ripper Killings by Dr. John H. Watson, by Lyndsay Faye. Exactly What It Says on the Tin.
  • Bert Coules, the writer who set out to dramatize the entire canon for BBC radio, also wrote 15 dramatizations of his own, available from the BBC as The Further Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
  • Contained in Stephen King's short-fiction collection Nightmares & Dreamscapes is the Sherlock Holmes pastiche "The Doctor's Case." A shipping magnate has been murdered in what Lestrade describes as "the perfect locked-room mystery"; Holmes and Watson investigate, and the solution takes an unusual and surprising turn.
  • Denis O. Smith's The Lost Chronicles of Sherlock Holmes is twelve new cases from Holmes' early years, in a fair imitation of Doyle's style.
  • Michael Kurland's Moriarty novels, beginning with The Infernal Device, are a Perspective Flip in which Moriarty is the protagonist.
  • Donald Thomas has published multiple short stories and novella pastiches featuring Holmes and Watson, most recently The Execution of Sherlock Holmes and Other New Adventures of the Great Detective.
  • Loren D. Estleman has published crossover novels featuring Holmes meeting up with Dracula and Jekyll and Hyde.
  • In the early 2000s, David Pirie wrote three novels featuring Arthur Conan Doyle and Joseph Bell as the detectives. Although the novels are self-enclosed, the larger plot arc remains unfinished.
  • Michael Dibdin's take on Sherlock Holmes and Jack the Ripper, The Last Sherlock Holmes Story. Holmes is Jack. He's also Moriarty.
  • H. Paul Jeffers' The Stalwart Companions pairs a young Holmes with future US President Theodore Roosevelt, who also narrates the story.
  • The Veiled Detective by David Stuart Davies, is a twist on the canon by revealing "Watson" to be employed by Moriarty, who planted him in Baker Street to keep an eye on Holmes.
  • Manly Wade Wellman wrote one short story in which a by-then elderly Holmes and Watson stop a Nazi agent from setting up an invasion of England in 1940. He also wrote a novel in which Sherlock, Watson, and Sherlock's cousin Professor Challenger help to stop the War of the Worlds. Rather disliked by some fans for setting up a romance between Holmes and Mrs. Hudson.
  • Robert Ryan has three novels and a forthcoming collection of short stories in which the primary detective is Watson, not Holmes. They're set during World War I.
  • Neil Gaiman's 2003 story A Study in Emerald puts Sherlock Holmes characters in a Cthulhu Mythos setting, where the Earth is ruled by the Great Old Ones.
    • Gaiman's other short story The Case of Death and Honey ties together Sherlock's post-retirement bee-keeping and the canon Genre Shift story The Adventure Of the Creeping Man, portraying an elderly Sherlock trying to find a source of eternal youth.
  • Bob Garcia's novels (for some reason they don't appear to be translated into English as of 2016, although they are available in a few other languages). A fair deal more horror than canon.
  • G. S. Denning's Warlock Holmes series is an Affectionate Parody of the canon, in which Holmes is a Cloud Cuckoo Lander wizard over two centuries old whose mind is filled with demons, Watson is the actual brains of the outfit and (usually) Only Sane Man, and Lestrade is a vampire.
  • The Inspector Lestrade series by M. J. Trow, portraying him as a skilled detective who is very irritated that John Watson chose to make him look like an idiot to make Holmes look good. The end of the third volume reveals that during a rest cure in the Swiss Alps, Holmes murdered a certain professor of mathematics under the impression the man was Watson.
  • Mick Finlay's Arrowood series follows one of Holmes's sleuthing rivals. Accompanied by his own Watson in the form of Norman Barnett, William Arrowood is a self-taught psychologist and private investigator who values understanding the psyche over physical evidence, and despises Holmes with a passion.
  • The Irregular thrillers by H.B. Lyle focus on Wiggins, the now grown up leader of the Baker Street Irregulars, as he becomes a secret service agent.
  • Two Hundred and Twenty One Baker Streets is an anthology of stories re-imagining Holmes in many different times and places, from 17th century Scotland and 1970s New York to contemporary South Africa and a robot-populated far future.
  • Keisuke Matsuoka's Sherlock Holmes: A Scandal in Japan has Holmes going to Japan after defeating Moriarty in Reichenbach Falls and investigating a scandal that would ruin the fragile relations between the Meiji-era Japan and the Tsarist Russia. He also teams up with Hirobumi Ito, the first Prime Minister of Japan.
  • James Lovegrove's The Cthulhu Casebooks trilogy which is a crossover between Holmes and the Cthulhu Mythos.
  • Former NBA legend, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, wrote a book series about Sherlock's older brother, Mycroft Holmes.
  • Sherry Thomas's Lady Sherlock series is about Charlotte Holmes, who invents the Sherlock identity in order to be taken seriously as a detective.
  • Michael Hardwick (who had previously adapted one Holmes story for radio and two for television, and written the novelization of the film The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes) wrote two Holmes novels, The Prisoner of the Devil (1979, in which Holmes is called in to investigate the Dreyfuss Affair) and The Revenge of the Hound (1987, in which Holmes investigates a supposed return of the Hound of the Baskervilles). He later wrote The Private Life of Dr. Watson, Watson's memoirs of his life before meeting Holmes, and Holmes' own memoirs, Sherlock Holmes: My Life and Crimes.
  • Leonard Goldberg is writing the Daughter of Sherlock Holmes series, about the adventures of Joanne Blalock - the illegitimate daughter of Sherlock Holmes and Irene Adler (the result of an unintended drug-induced one night stand rather than any sort of romance) - and John Watson, Jr in 1914 London.

    Live-Action TV 
  • Holmes first appeared on television in 1937.
  • Sherlock Holmes (1951), the first regular TV series based on Holmes' exploits, airing on the BBC with Alan Wheatley as Holmes and Raymond Francis as Watson.
  • Sherlock Holmes (1954), a syndicated TV series filmed in France and starring Ronald Howard and Howard Marion-Crawford as Holmes and Watson.
  • Sherlock Holmes (1964), a series of adaptations in 1964-65 and 1968 starring Douglas Wilmer and later Peter Cushing as Holmes and Nigel Stock as Watson.
  • The Rivals of Sherlock Holmes (1971, 1973) mentions Holmes by name in the title but is actually an anthology of other fictional detectives of the same period.
  • The Strange Case of the End of Civilization as We Know It (1977), a comedic TV special starring John Cleese as Holmes' grandson Arthur Sherlock Holmes. Arthur Lowe played Dr. William Watson, the original doctor's grandson.
  • Fantasy Island had at least one story in which a guest wanted to be/meet the World's Greatest Detective.
  • Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson (1979-1980), a 24-part series with Geoffrey Whitehead and Donald Pickering as Holmes and Watson. The series' producer, Sheldon Reynolds, also produced the Ronald Howard version.
  • The Hound of the Baskervilles (BBC, 1982), with Tom Baker starred as the Great Detective. He claimed that the BBC apologised for both the production and his performance.
  • The 1985 television Pilot Movie The Return of Sherlock Holmes had Michael Pennington as the great detective, thawed out in modern times by a female descendant of Watson.
  • Sherlock Holmes (1984-1994), produced by Granada Television (ITV), starring Jeremy Brett, David Burke, and Edward Hardwicke. Generally considered to be most faithful to Conan Doyle's original vision of the character. Series one and two ran under then name The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, three and four The Return of Sherlock Holmes, five The Casebook of Sherlock Holmes, and six The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. Five feature-length episodes were made and released between series, two based on the novels The Sign of Four and The Hound of the Baskervilles, three based on short stories turned into Adaptation Expansion.
  • Sherlock Holmes: The Golden Years was a duology of miniseries featuring Christopher Lee as the fifty-six-year-old Holmes and Patrick Macnee as the fifty-eight-year-old Watson. The two miniseries included Sherlock Holmes and the Leading Lady and Incident at Victoria Falls and featured appearances by historical domain characters such as Sigmund Freud, Elliot Ness, Lillie Langtry, Theodore Roosevelt and, an appearance by A. J. Raffles, the famed creation of Doyle's brother-in-law E. W. Hornung.
  • The Adventures of Shirley Holmes (1997-2000) was a Canadian series about the great-grandniece of Sherlock Holmes solving crimes.
  • Murder Rooms: The Dark Origins of Sherlock Holmes is a 2000 BBC series which featured not Holmes and Watson, but instead had the young Arthur Conan Doyle himself in the Watson role and expounded on the theory that the character of Holmes was a thinly-veiled stand-in for one of Doyle's medical school teachers, Professor Joseph Bell.
  • Sherlock (2010-2017), a BBC series. Created by Steven Moffat and Mark Gatiss, the series stars Benedict Cumberbatch as Sherlock and Martin Freeman as Watson in a 21st-century Setting Update of the original stories. The show has been a critical and commercial smash hit both in the UK and abroad and cleaned up at the 2011 BAFTAs, including wins for Best Supporting Actor (Freeman) and Best Drama Series.
  • Elementary (2012-2017), CBS series starring Jonny Lee Miller as Holmes and Lucy Liu as Joan Watson. Sherlock goes to New York City after becoming a heroin addict after a serious trauma while in London and meets Joan Watson, a sober companion hired by his father to help him in the post-rehab life. The main focus of the show is the growing relationship between Holmes and Watson as they solve cases together and works as a deconstruction of The Watson and the Sidekick tropes. Joan Watson is one of the protagonists, an aspiring consultant detective (ex-sober companion and ex-surgeon) and her insights are crucial to the story arc.
  • Sherlock Holmes, a 2013 Russian 8-part TV series created by Andrey Kavun and starring Igor Petrenko as Sherlock Holmes and Andrey Panin as Watson. Subvert the original stories by forcing Watson to over-romanticise actual events that happen in the series because Watson's editor finds real life boring.
  • Miss Sherlock (2018), a Gender Flip version set in modern Japan produced by HBO Asia. Watson is depicted as "Wato Tachibana," a surgeon returning from a volunteer mission in Syria. Unlike most versions, Wato and Miss Sherlock take an immediate dislike to each other for their opposing personalities and the two only become roommates at the prompting of Sherlock's brother and Wato only joins Sherlock's cases to try and curb Sherlock's more unpleasant character traits.
  • Sherlock: Untold Stories, a Japanese series released and set in 2019 Tokyo, following the adventures of Shishio Homare (a freelance crime consultant, played by Dean Fujioka) and Junichi Wakamiya (a psychiatrist, played by Takanori Iwata) as they partner up to solve crimes.
  • Sherlock in Russia (also known as Sherlock: The Russian Chronicles), a 2020 Russian series, has Holmes (Maksim Matveyev) going to St. Petersburg, Russia to capture Jack the Ripper.
  • And a large number of made-for-TV-movies, starring such actors as Tom Baker, Larry Hagman, Roger Moore, Richard Roxburgh, Rupert Everett, and Matt Frewer.
  • An episode of The Father Dowling Mysteries had the good Father doubting his detecting skills when the police arrest the wrong man on his advice. This causes him to conjure up an image of his hero Holmes (Rupert Fraser) as a consulting detective to help him solve the case.
  • Star Trek: The Next Generation featured one of the franchise's characters, Professor James Moriarty, as an antagonist for two episodes. Due to some unexpected glitch in the Holodeck, one of the characters becomes self-aware, realizing that he is a hologram trapped in a simulation. By his second appearance, he states that he is no longer the Moriarty of the books, however, having grown from that starting point due to his experiences on the Enterprise.
  • Watson, an upcoming CBS series created by Craig Sweeny, (formerly a writer and producer on Elementary) about Dr. Watson resuming his medical career a year after Holmes' demise. Morris Chestnut will star, with Ritchie Coster and Peter Mark Kendall in supporting roles.
  • Sherlock & Daughter, an upcoming series from The CW, features an older Holmes solving crimes alongside Amelia Rojas, a young American woman who may be his daughter. David Thewlis will star as Holmes alongside Blu Hunt as Amelia and Dougray Scott as Moriarty.

    Radio and Audio 
  • Sherlock Holmes (BBC Radio) (1989 to 1998) starring Clive Merrison as Holmes and Michael Williams as Watson. This production is notable for adapting every novel and short story with the same pair of actors playing Holmes and Watson. Merrison's performance has some marked similarities to Brett's. It was so popular that a series of pastiches called The Further Adventures of Sherlock Holmes was commissioned which ran for four seasons. Merrison reprised his role as Holmes, but since Michael Willimas had passed away, Andrew Sachs (of Fawlty Towers fame) replaced him as Watson.
  • William Gillette, famous for playing Holmes on stage also played in two separate radio plays. The first was an adaptation of "The Speckled Band" and the second was an adaption of his famous play for Lux Radio Theatre. Sadly both performances have been lost to time, although an excerpt from the play that was recorded in 1936 by the 82 year old Gillette does survive.
  • Orson Welles played Holmes in adaptation of Gillette's melodrama in an episode of his famous The Mercury Theatre on the Air.
  • After the success of The Hound of the Baskervilles and The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce reprised their famous film roles for The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, which despite the title was a mix of adaptations of Conan Doyle's stories and new pastiches. Several are available here [1])
  • BBC Radio has done numerous Holmes dramas over the years. Amongst the most famous are:
    • The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1954-55), a 16 episode series starring Sir John Gielgud as Holmes and Sir Ralph Richardson as Watson. The show was co-produced with ABC Radio which meant that Orson Welles guest-starred as Professor Moriarty.
    • Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley played Holmes and Watson in over 80 different dramas from 1952 to 1969.
  • Blackstone Audio's The Hollywood Theatre of the Ear did a boxset called Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes Theater which featured Martin Jarvis as Holmes and Kristoffer Tabori as Watson. It featured two classic stage adaptions of Holmes: William Gillette's Sherlock Holmes, which also featured Tony Jay as Professor Moriarty, Doyle's own adaption of The Speckled Band, and an original parody by Yuri Rasovsky entitled Ghastly Double Murder in Famed Detective's Flat.
  • Big Finish, most famous for their extensive range of Doctor Who audio plays, have been producing a series of Sherlock Holmes dramas. Besides the regular series, set between canon stories, one is set during Holmes' elderly years after the passing of Dr. Watson, one is a metafictional tale in which Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and Professor Moriarty conspire against Holmes, and another pits Holmes against Jack the Ripper. The Great Detective is played by Roger Llewellyn (in his old age) and Nicholas Briggs (in the regular episodes). Briggs' Holmes has also met the Big Finish version of Dorian Gray and the Doctor himself.
  • A very abridged 2017 adaptation of The Hound of the Baskervilles from indie Canadian company Bleak December, with Derek Jacobi as Holmes.
  • Amazon's audiobook service Audible, has produced several Holmes-based audio plays in recent years:
    • Sherlock Holmes: The Voice of Treason (2020), an original tale by George Mann and Cavan Scott, with Nicholas Boulton as Holmes and Kobna Holdbrook-Smith as Watson.
    • A 2021 adaptation of The Hound of the Baskervilles also by Mann and Scott. Stars Colin Salmon as Holmes, Stephen Fry as Watson and Meera Syal as Canon Foreigner Mother Greep.
    • Clockwork Sherlock (2021), an audiobook written by Ian W. Sainsbury and read by Shvorne Marks. Captain Jo Barnes becomes the Watson substitute alongside a VR version of Holmes.
    • Moriarty: The Devil's Game (2022). A 10-episode scripted podcast by Charles Kindinger depicting Moriarty as an innocent mathematics professor, who becomes a fugitive after being falsely accused of murder. The production stars Dominic Monaghan as Moriarty, Billy Boyd as Colonel Sebastian Moran and Phil Lamarr as Sherlock Holmes, with Adam Godley as Dr. Watson, Curtis Armstrong as Inspector Gregson, Josh Robert Thompson as Inspector Lestrade, and Rebecca Mader as Mary Watson.
    • The Baker Street Four (2023). An adaptation of the graphic novel series by Olivier Legrand, J.B. Djian, and David Etien. Starring Paterson Joseph as Holmes and Bill Nighy as Watson the cat.
  • Sherlock & Co., released in 2023 by Goalhanger Productions, provides a Setting Update to the modern day and reimagines Watson as a true crime podcaster.
  • Fawx & Stallion focuses on Hampton Fawx and James Stallion, fellow Baker Street residents, and rival consulting detectives who live across the street at number 224B. When Holmes and Watson leave town on business, Fawx and Stallion get the chance to finally prove themselves when their own case falls into their laps.
  • Baker Street 2033 sees the fictional Holmes becoming a "real" 3D bioprint, as he unravels a mystery in 2030s London.
  • Sherlock Holmes is Real (2017-present): A mockumentary focusing on a conspiracy theory that the entire Holmes canon is a fictionalisation of real events.

    Tabletop Games 

  • The Secret of Sherlock Holmes
  • Sherlock Holmes, 1899 play written by and starring William Gillette. It featured an original plot. Years later, Orson Welles would adapt the play for The Mercury Radio Theater with the explanation that, "It is not enough to say that William Gillette looks like Sherlock Holmes: Sherlock Holmes looks exactly like William Gillette." It was Gillette, and not Doyle, who popularized most of the visual tropes associated with the character to this day such as the deerstalker cap, the distinctive pipe and riding cloak. His iconic attire was originally depicted by Sidney Paget, who illustrated the stories for their initial publication in Strand Magazine, but he only put Holmes in them in appropriate situations: when the story took him out of London, and into the countryside.
  • The Speckled Band - adapted by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle himself.
  • The Crucifer of Blood - An adaptation by Paul Giovanni which was based on The Sign of Four. It was made into a TV movie in 1991 featuring Charlton Heston as Sherlock Holmes (he had played the role previously in an LA production of the play, and Jeremy Brett was his Watson).
  • Starting in 1988, Jeremy Brett and his second Watson, Edward Hardwicke, starred in a stage production titled The Secret of Sherlock Holmes. It was written by Jeremy Paul, who scripted many episodes of the Granada Television series.
  • Charles Marowitz's black comedy Sherlock's Last Case, in which Watson has been so Driven to Madness by Holmes' nastiness that he tries to murder him. That goes so badly that poor Watson is Driven to Suicide instead.
  • There have been several Holmes musicals over the years, including:
    • Baker Street (1965, music by Marian Grudeff, Raymond Jessel and Jerry Bock, lyrics by Grudeff, Jessel and Sheldon Harnick, book by Jerome Coopersmith)
    • Sherlock Holmes: The Musical aka The Revenge of Sherlock Holmes (1988, music and lyrics by Leslie Bricusse)
    • Sherlock Holmes and the Mystery of the Crown Jewels (2015, book, music and lyrics by Janet Yates Vogt and Mark Friedman)
    • Sherlock: The Musical (2022, music and lyrics by Denning Burton, book by Burton and Stefan van de Graaff)
    • Sherlock Holmes and the Poisonwood (2024, music by Ben Glasstone, book by P Burton-Morgan, lyrics by Burton-Morgan and Glasstone)

    Video Games 

  • While the actual storyline itself never came to fruition, Erin confirms that Sherlock Holmes is part of the And Shine Heaven Now canon: Watson had wrote a book about a time when he and Sherlock crossed paths with Count D, but he shelved it because he knew no one would believe it due to the more supernatural elements and he wanted to be taken seriously as an author. However, the manuscript survived in some fashion, as Integra had been told it as a bedtime story.
  • Signs Of Three, a webcomic adaptation updating the stories to contemporary times, adding more diversity and LGBT themes whilst simultaneously putting a modern twist on things. Currently on one finished book, A Study of Scarlett (A Study in Scarlet), with the second, Fangs of Sussex (The Sussex Vampire) having just begun.
  • Whatever Remains is a webcomic adaptation set in the 1920s.

    Western Animation 

    Audiobook readers 
  • Benedict Cumberbatch (Narrated John Taylor's Sherlock Holmes' Rediscovered Railway Mysteries & other stories for AudioGo/BBC Audio)
  • Tim Curry (Narrated Stephen King's The Doctor's Case)
  • John Telfer (Narrated Donald Thomas's pastiches)
  • Jenny Sterlin (Narrated Laurie R. King's Mary Russell series)
  • Katherine Kellgren (Narrated Nancy Springer's Enola Holmes series)