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Alt-talia is the Working Title of an Hetalia: Axis Powers fanfiction by WannabeHistorian604 on fanfiction.net, known on this wiki as shonengirl. However, these characters aren't the characters you all know; instead, they have been re-evaluated to fit their culture, mentality, and history better, fitted with more fitting stereotypes replacing the ones that are inaccurate, and much more morally gray. Or as WannabeHistorian herself puts it, "A bunch of stories chronicling the trials, tribulations, relationships, and lives of personified nations. A project I want to do in which I basically write stories starring the nation-people from Hetalia based on history and current events, but with a huge twist; I'll be giving the whole cast one giant overhaul."

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It is also extremely different in tone, being usually much Darker and Edgier. more on the cynical side of Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism and a serious drama with focus on historical accuracy, nuanced explanation of modern international relations, and to a lesser extent cultural discussion, or at least as accurately as possible (though there are some entries with a tone closer to canon). It is a series of stories told through both individual, stand-alone fics and massive "event arcs". The author especially places weight on character motivation, writing under the philosophy that as bleak as the world can seem, people rarely commit acts out of pure malice, but more often because of what they think is right; "Everyone is searching for their own utopia".

While the story remains theoretical, the author has written many drabbles about the characters on her profile, and is known to promote the characterizations often.

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The many, many spin-off concepts:

My Stepbrother, My Enemy: A crossover with America's Stepbrother, America's Enemy starring America and an uncharacteristically idealistic tone more in-line with the author's other works, detailing America, his states, and his increasing allies' fight against the superstates of 1984

Evillious Chronicles × Alt-talia (or "Seven Deadly Sins"): Exactly What It Says on the Tin, a human AU with the Alt-talia characters in the roles of Evillious characters more in-line with the main fics in terms of tone, as well as several others.

Hetalia Emblem: A theoretical three-way Hetalia x Fire Emblem x World Flags fanmade crossover game (Hetalia characters, World Flags weapons, abilities and outfits, and Fire Emblem gameplay) with the distinction of being possibly one of the few works WannabeHistorian would ever think of using canon characterizations in.There's also Feliksball, which are simply Polandball comics drawn with Hetalia characters, occasionally uploaded on her DeviantArt account, erikatheraindeer. Another theoretical idea is Guest House Alt-talia, a Dating Sim to explore what the characters would be like in a more lighthearted environment, and to show how different cultures, as well as characters (due to Alt-talia being very light on shipping and a very hostile climate for even the development of any meaningful romance) approach romance and intimacy.

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The stories which focus more on cultural differences, which often have a tone more in-line with canon Hetalia, are labeled under the "Culture Clash" series banner, and may be counted as separate.

The series and all its spinoffs also have UTAU covers to accompany them, about various historical events (many of which can unfortunately feature events which have yet to be shown in-story and thus would be full of spoilers), social issues, current events, or just the characters' personalities and philosophies (sometimes only tangentially, however) using voicebanks derived from the anime voice actors or other UTAU if unavailable


Alt-talia provides examples of:

  • Adaptational Badass: Seemingly happens to a metric ton of characters, but for many characters it's merely a case of their badassery or determination being at least a bit more obvious than in canon; e.g. China, Poland, Lithuania, Finland, etc. Though what is very noticeable is that Alt-talia characters tend to be more traditionally masculine as a whole due to the new tone... including the women. The men more noticeably so, however, as nations by definition are embodiments of their culture, and more traditionally masculine behavior is still expected out of many men in most cultures.
    • Played straight with Italy; while he still isn't the best fighter, one thing that is very clear is that he will always fight back viciously if backed into a corner, and that if he truly puts his mind to something he will make sure that it sure as hell gets seen to the end, even if the things that can get him to this level of dedication are rare. Let it not be forgotten he fought in WWII with canons from literally last century and cardboard-soled shoes, in the case of the latter in the Eastern freakin' Front in winter. He's also terrifying when someone tarnishes his food, confrontational and argumentative, and goes into full Football Hooligans mode when it comes to football.
    • France. In canon, he apparently becomes weaker and invests less in his military after the Napoleonic Wars. In Alt-talia, that is hardly the case. He becomes the second biggest overseas empire for a very good reason, and after the Franco-Prussian War in particular his nationalism-fueled rage leads him to become increasingly militaristic. In modern day, he's also second only to the UK in terms of military strength in Europe, even possessing a nuke.
  • Adaptational Sexuality: The author has stated that she doesn't like writing slash, so as a result no one is shown to have feelings for the same sex. In fact, many characters such as Russia which have cultures where homophobia is sadly the norm are Heteronormative Crusaders who treat being homosexual as A Fate Worse Than Death, which can be Played for Laughs, be shown as a terrible character flaw, be used to highlight the problems the LGBT community faces in these countries, or just be part of what a character is, using homophobic slurs without a second thought (such as in "Russia and the EU" (pending title) where Russia calls Sweden a "sodomite", or the Balkan characters liberally calling each other "fag"). It's treated as something even more out of the question in pre-20th century chapters in societies where it wasn’t accepted, shown with how things like the concept of "Marriage" for nations of the same sex doesn't even cross the minds of those when forming unions, "Union Brotherhood" superseding it, and when it does come up it's with things like Egypt hearing from Turkey that Christian women "fornicate with each other" and shivering at the idea, or a gag in which Portugal flirts with China thinking he's a woman and prays to God frantically to forgive him when he finds out that he isn't. Though during eras where it was accepted in some form, it may be casually mentioned on occasion as gossip. While LGBT as a topic does come up, it's usually in the context of highlighting their plight as stated above (e.g. in a chapter in the WWII arc David, after he's shoved into a van by the Gestapo to be carried off, notices two men embracing each other, feeling a complex mix of slight disgust and empathy at the sight) or keeping track of the movement, and the characters shown arguing for their rights never say that they have feelings for the same sex, merely that people should love who they love and saying nothing about themselves. However, it's a bit more clear with some characters, like how canonically bisexual France only flirts with women and is in fact rather dismissive towards men.
  • Adaptation Dye-Job:
    • Common with eye colors, particularly with those who used to have purple eyes. Most commonly, purple eyes become blue eyes (sometimes reflecting something about the country or what is typical for the area; e.g. Finland gets greyish eyes, Russia gets icy blue eyes, Latvia gets a deep, midnight blue shade, while Iceland gets bright blue ones with green flecks which seem to shimmer like an aurora borealis when he’s excited.)(note: specific colors still pending). Though Austria is an exception in that he gets light brown eyes.
    • Eye color changes also occasionally happen with those with normal eye colors; most commonly green eyes, due to their rarity in real life. Lithuania for example goes from having green eyes to a milky greyish green-blue, and Spain, Portugal, South Italy, Greece, and Egypt all go from having various shades of green eyes to hazel. Then there are more subtle ones like Germany having more cornflower than almost neon blue eyes (though they seem to regain their original color if if he’s being drawn to look especially threatening, Estonia having greyish eyes much like Finland or Lichtenstein having more of a dull green shade than the bright teal she has in canon, and Poland’s formerly bright jade eyes also being more dull (These except for the hazel eyes are also pending).
    • Could overlap with Haircolor Dissonance, but everyone in East Asia is explicitly given jet black hair, and described as having such (with the exception of present day Taiwan who explicitly dyes her hair brown), when in canon all of them except for Japan seem to have dark brown hair. Their eyes also are all dark brown, whereas before there were some characters with amber eyes.
    • Seychelles is given much darker skin, while Turkey is given slightly lighter skin.
  • Affably Evil: At his worst, Imperial England heavily resembles this. Though whether it’s this or Faux Affably Evil varies, the latter mostly when someone gets in his way (e.g. pre-Opium War China). His Evillious crossover counterpart in Judge Gallerian Marlon’s role definitely takes the latter interpretation and absolutely runs with it, however.
    • WWII era Imperial Japan seems to be this at his best moments interacting with his colonies. Unlike most examples though, it shatters quickly under pressure, I.e. as soon as they talk back to him.
  • Age Lift: The nations of course are often old by human standards, but physically they have a set “age”. These are changed for many characters in this canon, most being aged up; in modern day, England/Arthur Kirkland and France/Francis Bonnelfey are physically in their early to mid 30s, America/Alfred F. Jones is in his mid to late-20s; generally, if a character’s age was given to be in their teens in canon, there’s a somewhat good possibility they’re at least in their mid 20s by now. There are also many minor ones like South Korea/Yong-Soo Lee being 17 instead of 15, and Latvia being 19 instead of 15. Prussia/Gilbert Beildshmidt is physically in his late 20s by the time Germany is born, and is shown aging beyond that. Though there are also those who are somewhat aged down, like Greece/Herakles Korais, who is 24. Then there are also very major ones like Moldova/Aurel being 18 instead of 10, most of the micronations being aged down to children around or under Sealand’s age, and Cuba being noticeably younger. This is not only notable in modern day of course, as the author tries to tie symbolism to age when possible; America was just about to hit puberty when the Revolutionary War started when in canon he was a young adult, Finland spent all of his time under the Swedish Empire as a prepubescent child (automatically sinking the interpretation that they were like a couple during the era like in canon), Poland and Lithuania pass their canon physical ages of 19 after forming the Commonwealth, becoming some of the few adults on a continent full of teenagers (the pre-release story “Superbia” even mentions how Poland “Shed the last downy vestiges of adolescence, becoming a real man), and Holy Roman Empire, who is depicted to be a teenager at oldest in canon, is depicted aging rapidly and even going senile.
    • Nations are only as old as when political borders for that country form, unless they started as Egg-Nations (which never age past 6 years old or so), as such this applies for chronological and nation ages as well. Italy/Feliciano Balducci is the biggest, most notable example, as while in canon he was old enough to have known Roman Empire as a child, this Italy at least was only born in 1861, and is the second youngest in the EU by a large margin. If one goes by the interpretation that Germany/Ludwig is the same person as HRE in canon, it’s the same for him as well, as he’s actually the youngest in the EU in this canon, born in 1871, a baby next to the rest of the Union. Then there’s South Korea, who is also used as a stand-in for older Korean dynasties in canon, while the Korea twins in this canon are explicitly North and South Korea and as such are only 70 or so years old as countries despite being slightly physically older than the canon Korea, though they did exist as Egg-Nations long before this point, and the author really isn’t sure when they were born as individuals either. America started as the Plymouth Colony in this canon, while America in canon was somehow there before England was, India is only as old as the British Raj, and Spain/Antonio is actually fairly young as well as he was only as old as the union of Castile and Aragon, also living this strange parallel existence alongside Castille and Aragon themselves as sort of an Egg-Nation but sort of not until the 1700s.
  • The Alcoholic: A lot. All of the East Slavs, Lithuania, Moldova, and Finland to name some of the most prominent. Certain characters are also portrayed as such in certain time periods. It's also shown that the British Isles, Australia, and especially Austria have really bad binge-drinking habits.
    • Modern Belarus/Natallia might just be the worst case; she's the heaviest drinker and also the heaviest smoker out of the whole cast, which only adds to the depressing air she has. Even Russia finds her alcoholism a bit excessive.
    • Rivaling her is her ex-husband Lithuania, in stories set in modern day especially. He might not drink quite as much as some others, but he's still very much up there, and he apparently binge drinks quite often as well. Transitioning to a capitalist system wasn't quite easy for him, and the 2008 economic crisis not helping things either. He’s often summarized as “A depressed, grouchy alcoholic with a hot head”, and is more than a few times shown knocking back unholy amounts of mead, beer, and/or vodka, getting trashed or having to be dragged out of a bar, saying I'll Tell You When I've Had Enough!, or moaning about an awful hangover. In a lot of representative official art he’s shown holding a bottle of some kind of booze (most often mead, but beer and vodka as well) and looking tired/grumpy.
    • Of course, Russia is a pretty massive alcoholic; he basically grew up an addict since childhood, so much so that his Czars started taxing booze. In at least one All There in the Manual prompt, he describes it as a family problem, though his sisters only really started sharing their brother's habit after Russia annexed them, and even then by virtue of being women they weren't as bad. While many do try to remedy this, it always hardly worked in the long term, usually only earning them his resentment for their efforts. In the desperate times of the 90s, he actually resorts to aftershave and rubbing alcohol as serious withdrawal symptoms compound his anemia and other health issues. Oh yeah, and he's basically a Russian Roulette of drunkenness, as at times he can be a really sentimental drunk, a happy drunk who acts more like his canon counterpart if your're lucky (very rare)... or become terrifyingly violent. And he can go from the former to the latter in a heartbeat. And Poland, David, Lithuania, Estonia, and even Belarus are shown to get the brunt of these rages directed at them in brutal fashion. ...However, in the most modern day stories, it's shown that he's finally starting to kick the habit, as indeed alcoholism rates steeply declined in the 2010s thanks to legislation.
    • Finland must be mentioned again; even at the physical age of 12 while living under Sweden, he was infamous for his drinking habits that could put Russia to shame. He's a major reason why Sweden started imposing restrictions on booze during the later parts of his empire. He actually did recognize he had a problem however, and try to remedy this, enacting a prohibition law soon after gaining independence that he had been considering for ages (which he never got to enact because of Russia's intervention)... and it backfired horribly as he starts experiencing withdrawal immediately. And unlike Russia, he really can't seem to kick the habit, though nowadays he's become progressively more Never Gets Drunk (whereas in the postwar era his drunken rages could scare poor Åland into staying under the table for hours).
    • South Korea/Yong-Soo Lee, despite by physical age (17) not being allowed to drink legally, also shows some signs of this. He's more of a social drinker, but he apparently grows a bit restless if he goes two days without soju; which, note, is basically Gargle Blaster and knocked out America after a mere two shots.
    • Austria has an extreme binge-drinking habit. In fact, the worst in the world. It becomes especially apparent when there's a lot of turmoil in his life like the late 19th-early 20th century.
  • Alternate Character Interpretation: Or rather, straight-up rewriting would be more accurate. At least half of the cast that is a holdover from canon is altered in some major way, many of them straight-up inverted due to initial inaccuracy. Italy is a sharp-tongued, argumentative loudmouth, Russia rarely smiles, England is the epitome of Stiff Upper Lip, South Korea is a troubled, stressed, incredibly perfectionistic young man, and so on. There's so many of these changes to characters that another page is probably needed to list them all. Even those that do remain similar to their canon counterparts on the surface like America have changes, especially due to the shift in tone. The author also likes going out of her way to highlight these changes. This results in scenes like Italy laying thick Trash Talk on Germany during a football game, Poland making Rated M for Manly statements like “A REAL man _!” and calling Italy gay for fussing over his messy appearance, Russia being freaked out over others smiling at each other, Finland and Lithuania lashing out at Sweden and Poland respectively, Sweden calling Finland a redneck, a Running Gag of Switzerland mistaking Liechtenstein as one of his cantons instead of remembering she’s a country, or Prussia telling Austria that his smile is annoying and Austria proceeding to annoy him further, that are often initially extremely surreal to read for Hetalia fans going in blind (or even those with prior knowledge for that matter).
    • This is also regularly hammered home in art, such as in their portraits, always drawn with their new personalities in mind as well as the Feliksball comics. Then there’s things like the two-panel High School AU-esque comic in which Hungary and Romania (pending) are arguing, which the author has admitted to drawing purely to have a group crowd shot which happens to have characters like Poland, (albeit seemingly drunk) Lithuania, Italy, Greece, Egypt, and India going nuts and chanting “FIGHT! FIGHT! FIGHT!” (followed by a tiny panel in the corner of Prussia with a “I’m so done with this place” look on his face no less).
  • Alternate Continuity: Basically what the Alternate History spinoffs are.
  • Always Identical Twins: North and South Korea look very similar, the only way to tell them apart being their hair curl being pointed in different directions and the color of their clothes, and North being somewhat taller... at least as children. In modern day, their appearances have very much diverged due to their circumstances; North is shorter and has narrower eyes than his twin, has shorter, 50s-esque hair, and looks somewhat emaciated, making the twins very different.
  • Amazingly Embarrasing Parents: A lot of the quirkier rulers (and there are many), particularly in pre-modern times, are basically this to their realms/nations whenever their quirks show up; despite the fact that 99.99% of the time the nation/realm is much older. Especially if the realm/nation appears to be younger-looking, with the nation/realm being just as likely to act like an embarrassed parent if older-looking. The “Misadventures At The Top” fic compilation is basically just eccentric rulers being eccentric and embarrassing their nations/realms. Though it also serves as lighthearted respite as some of these are remembered fondly by the nation themselves.
  • Ambiguous Innocence: Some of the Troubling Unchildlike Behavior is said to be attributed to this in a way, as when, say, nations in the Middle Ages were children such things were acceptable and they didn't know any better. Though they seem way more aware of politics than children should be.
    • Exploited by Prussia when raising Germany. Germany, already basically a product of German nationalism, was probably predisposed to at least some chauvinism already; but to reinforce it, as a general exercise in dehumanization, and because Prussia just plain despised Poles, it's shown that Prussia basically forced Posen (their partition of Poland, who has now been split into three people (pending)) to become Germany's personal Butt-Monkey both via neglect and deliberately when he was very young, encouraging abuse towards him and treating him like a pet, telling Germany that "Poles are savages. They aren't like us." as justification for this. However, probably due to being a nation, it's shown that this conditioning hadn't made Germany entirely impervious to the suffering of those he was told to dehumanize, as he was rather horrified when he heard about the colonial genocides in Africa and the mass-expulsion of Poles with foreign citizenship by Prussia. Though Prussia slaps and eviscerates him verbally for this.
  • Ambiguously Gay: While the writer generally tries to avoid slash, it’s notably mentioned a few times how many historians suspect good Old Fritz the Great was one of these, usually in throwaway gags as something that frustrates Prussia and Brandenburg to no end. Such as this little bit in Bons Baisers De Russie as Fritz fanboys over Marianne:
    Fem!France: Oh, it appears your king has interest in women after all, Prusse?
    Prussia: *eye twitching*
    Frederick: Why, you aren’t any woman. In my eyes, you are a nation before a woman; and can’t one be fascinated by another just as an intellectual idol and conversation partner?
    Prussia: *slowly facepalms as Brandenburg looks sheepish* Your Highness, you’re not helping the rumors of you being a sodomite.
    Frederick: They can believe what they want to believe.
    Prussia: *buries face deeper into hands and groans*
  • Antiquated Linguistics: Characters in the 18th to 19th centuries tend to talk like this, except when it completely clashes with their character. pending 
    • North Korea (along with other North Koreans) often speaks like this, plus a few Perfectly Cromulent Words for new words, and the narration often gains a few shades of it as well when focusing on him. The whole Korea family used to talk like this until as late as the 1950s (leading to the strange circumstance of Yong as a child having more flowery vocabulary than he does now), but South has dropped it since then, leaving only North speaking like an old man. The writer has stated this is one of the reasons why she loves writing him so much. This also has the effect of adding to his... overall unsettling-ness. This is, in fact, Truth in Television, as North Korean is in fact more dated and archaic than South Korean due to a dedication to language purity. North doesn’t have much of an accent though, unlike most North Koreans, probably so that his speech isn’t incomprehensible.
  • The Atoner: Germany, starting from around the early 60s or so, full stop. He has the distinction of being one of the few characters to acknowledge and repent for what he has done, and in modern day gives nowhere near the militaristic impressions canon Germany gives, wearing his hair down and muscle-concealing clothing, making efforts to not get angry at others, and keep his humility in check. He's one of the few characters who can be called genuinely, completely good in modern day, and tries harder than anyone to be kind, to the point of being a bit of a bleeding-heart. Anything, so he doesn't repeat his past, and he intends on always keeping this burden with him, even for "a thousand years". He has tried so hard to better himself that calling him a Nazi is one of the easiest ways to break him. He is even apprehensive about waving his flag for any reason outside of soccer, and even then France notes the small German flags in the trash after a match. It's even stated that the realization of his crimes has caused the mildly sociopathic instincts that all nations tend to have to be blocked off.
  • Attention Deficit... Ooh, Shiny!: Even if less ditzy than his canon counterpart, Italy still often comes across as sloppy and disorganized in thought, which probably contributes to his clumsiness.
  • Badass Baritone: Russia has a much lower voice in this canon (a lowered version of his canon voice), mainly to avoid Vocal Dissonance with his new brooding personality and to fit the Husky Russkie stereotype a bit more, if not completely.
    • Other voices also also occasionally lowered to fit the characters, as canonical voices tend to be a bit cutesy, though it’s avoided when possible (e.g. Latvia, Finland, to a minor extent Poland and Lithuania).
    • Sweden is also a baritone now, but only because his voice was actually made higher, unlike other changes, whereas before he was very much in Basso Profundo range.
  • Badass Israeli: Israel/David Cohen, obviously. He can find a way to defeat you in the most unexpected way possible without breaking a sweat, and will likely be able to defeat you in a fight twice as easy, and also rub it in your face when he does so.
  • Berserk Button: England/Arthur Kirkland, despite being a Kuudere in this canon, has certain buttons you should never press; usually something comically mundane like insulting soccer/football (or his team losing) or messing with his tea. Doing so will make him go into chav mode, i.e., Unstoppable Rage. This is more easily triggered when he's drunk or when it's football season too, so careful there especially.
    • Another more comedic one is Italy’s pride in his food; it is absolutely Serious Business. Tampering with it, especially if he or anyone in the family isn’t the one doing it is a mortal sin. Lithuania learns this the hard way when Italy finds out he puts mayonnaise and ketchup on pizza. It’s also shown that this is a family trait concerning regional dishes specifically; even the calmer members of the family like Genoa will easily fly into a rage about it. Even France considers his standards high.
    • In modern day, China hates being mistaken for a women or having his feminine appearance pointed out. Being called feminine is basically to him what being called "short" is to Edward Elric; do not, under any circumstance, do it. He has the most soldiers in the world and has the strength to match, it's gonna hurt. Though this also counts as, in a way, a Trauma Button, as it all comes back to his chronic fear of being exploited and being seen as weak. He also makes snide comments about the "new meat" (basically feminine men) trend among the youth, despite his own looks. This does also show signs of changing however; in one Culture Clash entry, a girl flirts with him, praising him for his looks; he of course blows up at her and scares her away, but it's shown that deep inside he actually liked that someone found him attractive.
    • Lithuania does not like being mistaken for Latvia, or even worse, being mistaken for a region of Russia. Or Poland addressing him as an old buddy. He already can be a bit hotheaded in this canon, but these will most likely result in absolutely explosive anger.
    • Do not, for the love of all that is holy, under any circumstance, say anything negative about Thailand’s king. EVER. It’s the only way to truly piss him off short of probably massacring his citizens without wearing him down to that point. If you think Japan loves his emperor a bit too much, that’s nothing compared to him (in modern day at least).
    • Reminding Bolivia about her coastline, or lack thereof. Especially if you’re Chile. Unfortunately for her, Chile likes bringing it up, as do others, as well as the fact that she’s landlocked and will forever be so. She was such a sore loser about it she still tries to act as if she still has that province. Note, Chile took it over a century and a half ago.
    • For Greece, calling North Macedonia Macedonia. For North Macedonia, denying he’s Macedonia. Yep.
    • Human example; Prussia’s King Friedrich Wilhelm I and France. No, really, he goes into hilarious, Edward Elric-esque Unstoppable Rages around him, causing Prussia and Brandenburg much embarrassment at public events and requiring them to jump him and drag him away cartoonishly. And no one really knows why.
  • Beyond Redemption: Norway revokes his reservations against capital punishment for Les Collaborateurs of the Nazi puppet regime. Though he apparently feels a bit of guilt about it, it just shows how much contempt he has for the traitors, and he knew full well he got it relatively easy compared to most other countries; much of his anger at them was out of compassion for other nations.
  • Boisterous Bruiser: America, particularly post-WWII, is ultimately this past all the political mess.
    • Australia, of course. Though not as overbearing and egotistical as most examples.
    • Poland; specifically Commonwealth Poland. And how. In contrast to his rather feminine personality in canon, and despite his slender appearance, Commonwealth Feliks is pretty much the archetypical example of this trope; loads of ham, an open heart, an ego the size of Jupiter, clothing that pretty much was woven from Rule of Cool, and a fondness for big feasts and drunken fights. Though his ego proves to be his downfall as well.
    • Philippines is a female example.
  • Black Comedy: Some humorous entries can turn into this. The author actually considered making Alt-talia a satirical series focused on this, a-la Polandball, before settling on dark political/historical drama, though holdovers of it can be seen in the aforementioned entries, and comedic personality traits like England's Unstoppable Rage mode. Also, obviously there is Feliksball, in which this isn't uncommon.
  • British Stuffiness: England, obviously, especially during the Victorian era. Albeit, seemingly contradictorily, he can come across as rather serendipitous and lackadaisical as well, to the point of being a Troll.
  • Butt-Monkey: Poor Italy is a bit of this, especially from his birth until the WWII period (and even more so nearing the latter), as well as in some vaguely canon short comedic one-shots. He’s obviously in over his head, being subjected to stuff like wearing shoes with cardboard soles while invading the Soviet Union in winter, his tanks breaking down at the most inopportune moments, or chronic supply and resource shortage even by Axis standards, cursed with a family who will never agree on everything and his usual clumsiness, fumbling with his guns and tripping mid-charge, and unlike canon Italy doesn’t even have the friendship of the other Axis members, Germany in fact blaming a lot of failures on him even when Italy actually does something right; their alliance can be described as abusive at worst. Though the audience is also made to feel sorry for his sorry state, and depending on the tone of the story he can swing from this to The Woobie. While Germany also gets a bit of a rough childhood, this poor kid didn’t even know what he was, and no one really wanted him for a while; Germany was the child prodigy who others feared, while nothing seems to go right for Italy.
    • Poland gets this treatment sometimes; more commonly in modern day/contemporary stories, but occasionally even Commonwealth Poland can have very bad luck just due to his potential for extremely over-the-top reactions.
    • In the KanColle mini-crossover comedy skits/strips, the Kreigsmarine, especially post 1943, with how few of them there are, how often they get outnumbered, how they often get taken out or die unceremoniously, and how their nation treats them recklessly and expects them to be a One-Man Army despite that being extremely impractical, despite all the resources that went into designing them, sending them out to fend for themselves or in a small party to get a No-Holds-Barred Beatdown by enemy fleets. No matter how hard they fight, despite doing basically everything for their nation, and no matter what they do, they will always get shafted until their inevitable, untimely death. Apparently, even the entire idea of the crossover started from this joke, especially after seeing that this was a fact that not even many Japanese battleship otaku knew, and the author also wanted to remind Japanese otaku that Nazi Germany was a bit of a Jerkass. While a lot of the Kantai characters in the mini-series are basically treated as at least somewhat expendable and as objects, and they clearly accept it, even then one can't help but feel a bit of pity for the poor bastards.
  • Black Comedy Rape: There has been at least one occasion of a story from The Great Khanate/Mongol Empire’s POV where her doing... unpleasant things, from what it seems violently, with some unfortunate man is mentioned casually.
  • Cain and Abel: North and South Korea seem to fit the bill. North... isn’t exactly stable, to say the least, while South is left with the burden of dealing with him and is way more well put together. However, North isn’t exactly malicious, as his violent tendencies, obsession, and Black-and-White Morality are all due to him being specially groomed for these traits, and North truly thinks what he’s doing is right. Ironically, it could be said that North Korea comes across as one of the most sympathetic characters in the cast, as he genuinely comes across as a teenager who is being manipulated. Plus, when he isn’t provoked he comes across as a surprisingly normal person.
  • Canon Discontinuity: Used quite often. Outside of the ones that are obvious AU like the Evillious crossover and the Alt-history stories like the Kaiserreich AU, any fics involving a Nyotalia character (e.g. Bons Baisers De Russie), pre-release Tumblr fics which have since been replaced, Feliksball strips, and the Kantai gag strips are all stated to be strictly non-canon, and it’s most likely the case as well for most gag strips.
  • Card-Carrying Villain: Hello, Mongol Empire. Her sheer revelry in bloodshed even by medieval standards can Cross the Line Twice due to how unapologetic she is, instead of falling into the contradictory self-defense arguments that appear often later. Though the revelry in bloodshed is also shown to be something she deliberately tries to play up to get others to submit; she would much rather others surrender to her than put up a fight, and she punishes her enemies brutally only when they don't listen to her. If you listen or help her, she will be almost motherly towards you.
  • Catchphrase:
    • A good way to tell if Poland is speaking is if there's a "kurwa" somewhere in the line, because he uses it a lot.
    • Same for "Oy vey" for David/Israel; it's less spammable than "kurwa", but he uses it when expressing disbelief or frustration, something very common especially as "David".
    • "It'll sort itself out!" for Iceland; it is also often used to snappily differentiate this version from the more melancholic canon version.
    • In more lighthearted entries and Culture Clash especially, “You wot mate?!” for England; specifically it’s the sign that you’ve pressed a Berserk Button and he’s gone into chav mode. Occasionally he uses it to express simple, genuine bafflement, however.
    • Italy says “Mamma mia” a lot.
      • A dark example in “Mi no frego”, or “I don’t give a damn”, an actual Fascist slogan, for Italy during the fascist era specifically, often serving as his Survival Mantra.
    • Finland’s signature “moi” catchphrase is basically replaced by “perkele”. While not as versatile and as spammed, he pretty much uses the word like Poland uses “kurwa”.
    • France uses “Sacré Bleu!” quite often; in entries taking place before the mid 20th century or so. In stories taking place in modern day he barely if ever uses it.
    • When he was younger, England used “Goddamn” so often France started calling him “Le Goddamn” as an insult.
  • Chickification: Belarus, particularly in modern day. Kind of. She's no longer the brother-obsessed knife-wielding Yandere she is in canon, but a soft-spoken wallflower who in fact almost always gets roped into the interests of everyone else and never the reverse (with the one and only exception of in early childhood where she liked messing around with Lithuania's forebearers and participated in Rus politics, proudly declaring herself leader), a Forgettable Character with all but her immediate neighbors. She especially just allows herself to get swung around by Russia and her own dictator a lot, because she believes that that's what will make her safe, allowing her boss to make all her decisions even if she has no say in it (though even she had to object to the anti-homelessness bill that made homelessness illegal, as if people could just choose to not be homeless). All in all she is probably the most docile seeming character out of the pre-existing cast who is bigger than a microstate. Though this version of the character also comes with a lot of Adaptational Nice Guy and stability, a bit of a rarity in this canon; she's generally much sweeter than her fellow East Slavs once her low levels of self confidence and initial stoicness are broken through, is the most neat out of the former Soviet group by far, has never declared war on anyone in centuries (though not being able to was a major factor), never really wished horrible things on others in the 20th century when toxic levels of nationalism were rampant, and unlike the other former Soviets hates getting into fights even when drunk. She also speaks the most politely out of the three, in contrast to her canon counterpart being Madame Swears-A-Lot. Partly because of this the author tends to like her a lot. However, she has fought before, and is willing to do so if necessary, participating in wars with Lithuania even during their marriage (albeit less often), being a very proactive wife, fighting in the November Uprising alongside the rest of the former Commonwealth, bitterly fighting in WWII as a partisan against Nazis until the bitter end (something she sees as one of her finest hours), and still seeing regular military parades as normal, not to mention that in fics taking place during and after 2020 she grows much more of a spine against Lukashenko after he finally goes just a step too far regarding his management (or lack thereof) of the COVID-19 epidemic, making this a downplayed example.
  • Chick Magnet: Those with an extremely high Cultural Charisma can get this as a side effect; or at least, they can make the opposite sex feel... things for them. Most prominently Ancient Rome and China for a great deal of his time as Imperial China, albeit most examples seem to be offscreen, and female nations are shown to be at least attracted to France during when he was most influential; they also aren’t afraid to take advantage of this both as a method of manipulation and in the exact way you’d think (though Rome is far less shameless about his exploits here, and China more so during the peak of the Tang Dynasty, as depending on the dynasty he can also be rather prudish). It’s not made extremely clear how much it affects humans, but all three of them seem to be Chick Magnets for humans as well.
    • A lot of women in the places he’s stationed in during the WWII arc seem to like Feliks... a lot. It’s even a bit of a Running Gag. It’s only for this arc, however.
    • Dude Magnet: In one of the stories written pre-release, Bons Baisers De Russie, in which Marianne is used instead of Francis to represent France, it’s shown that most of Europe finds her hot, though not to the cartoony extent of a Hello Nurse character for all of them (with some exceptions like England, though even he begrudgingly accepts some of her traits are worth envying), which she isn’t afraid to use.
  • Child Prodigy: “The Prodigy” or “Wunderkind” is often used as a descriptor for Germany, especially in contrast to Italy. As he becomes one of the strongest powers in Europe a few years after his birth, is talented in both sciences and literature, takes to the military easily and is an extremely fast learner, it’s a pretty apt comparison. He also has some of the issues associated with being a prodigy as well, in contrast to Italy’s inability to live up to expectations. In human A Us, he’s appropriately often cast as a prodigy or at least extremely intelligent for his age (e.g. in EC x Alt-talia an incarnation of him manages to make a poisonous medical potion at the age of 7, and another incarnation of him is an exceptionally good marksman from the age of 9, reading physics textbooks and medical encyclopedias at age 13, and is evaluated to be suitable as a secret police agent at 17. The latter is especially notable as the latter version didn’t have Prussia hanging over him into adulthood).
  • Christmas in Japan: The emphasizing of romance in Japanese Christmas is brought up in Culture Clash, and is also somewhat mocked. She is a lot less subtle about her low opinion of Japanese Christmas and Japanese fans assuming that everyone in the world sees the holiday like that in the UTAU videos in which this is referenced (some of the few videos released for a Japanese audience; to a Japanese audience they’re PSAs for how westerners see Christmas, and to a western audience it’s vice-versa), and most blatantly, an Anti-Christmas Song about the singer’s inability to find a date is itself subverted, with other characters butting in to tell Japan about the True Meaning of Christmas (and Hanukkah courtesy of David/Israel), ending on a positive note basically telling bitter singles on Christmas that Silly Rabbit, Cynicism Is for Losers! (a noticeably lighter deviation from normal Alt-talia).
    All: Because... that’s what Valentine’s Day is foooorrr!
  • Cloudcuckoo Lander: All of the micronations to some extent, as they're as eccentric as their creators, and are given more leeway to be so. Though many come off as just having innocent childhood fun and imaginations; and then there's those who show a more anarchic or loony bent, often confusing the more innocent ones. The former are more likely to inspire amusement (or even slight envy) at their innocence and quirkiness than the latter (who may inspire annoyance), and their host nations may also even like humoring them, even if they never would formally recognize them (e.g. England with Sealand and Lithuania with Užupis).
    • Belgium is occasionally shown to say and think some straight-up surreal things.
    • Russia. Specifically when it comes to weird weapons and tactics that are crazy enough to work.
    • America too, in a similar way to Russia sort of (he actually comes up with the idea to strap bombs on bats to send them at enemies. And yes, that was actually an idea someone had), plus stuff like calling french fries Freedom Fries for a while after getting salty that France didn’t like him invading Iraq.
    • England can come across as one by virtue of being so hilariously unflappable.
    • Wales is a bit spacey, to say the least.
    • The Balts can be a bit... strange at times, if not slightly creepy. Latvia particularly comes off as really spacey for most of his existence.
  • Crapsack World: It isn't an exaggeration to say that almost everyone has done something awful at one point, and awful stuff keeps happening. All countries are outright stated by Word of God to be "almost mildly sociopathic" by instinct; while they might all act differently, all, when stripped down, are driven primarily by self-interest, often making shifting alliances that no one even pretends are actual friendships, backstabbing, sabotaging, and engaging in extreme amounts of hypocrisy and manipulation, with even strong friendships having the potential to go up in flames or be straight-up forgotten (a great departure from the author's other works which often have The Power of Friendship as a theme). While there are a select few seeming exceptions, they all had exceptional circumstances for this, and only modern Germany seems to entirely have overcome these instincts. Though even then there is an undercurrent of hope lingering, and the moments of international friendship and goodwill shine through even more because of it.
  • Creepy Blue Eyes/Occult Blue Eyes: Lithuania and Latvia get blue (or at least bluish) eyes with very lightly colored pupils to give them a more mysterious, slightly unsettling aura. They tend to be depicted with darker shades over their eyes (though Lithuania less so during the Commonwealth era), which increases the effect.
  • Crossover: Aside from the entirely human AU EC x Alt-talia, occasionally, even if they’re unlikely to get a full mini-series like America's Stepbrother, America's Enemy or Kaiserreich: Legacy of the Weltkrieg, the author will write/draw a one-off based on a historical, geopolitical, Alternate History, or otherwise relevant story that catches her interest to explore how the characters might differ in the setting.
    • There were also the one-off, sort of Black Comedy KanColle crossover skits which were used to discuss naval warfare and how various countries approached it (e.g. England being uncharacteristically doting, albeit clearly having favorites, while Germany and Prussia both expect too much of them and are comically deadbeat), albeit some stuff is already covered in the main series or even in other lighter stories. Though the author admits that she doesn’t know much about the series, it usually isn’t too notable due to the skits/strips being extremely short (though there are a few deliberate changes like the Bismarck being a masculine crossdresser and the uniforms looking slightly less "anime")... also certain members of the Kriegsmarine and all of the Soviet ships get a Gender Flip due to how certain ships in German and all ships in Russian are male. MMD versions of these skits are actually some of the few Alt-talia related material translated into Japanese, and are available on Nico Nico Douga.
  • Curse of the Ancients: The author seems to have a lot of fun with making characters throw around period-appropriate slurs and insults that sound pretty silly today.
    • North Korea still uses these, as part of the whole Antiquated Linguistics thing, for generic swears and insults; or more accurately, he often uses insults like a Fire Emblem character, including not uncommon use of the infamous “dastard”. He also uses “dotard” as an insult, a clear reference to when Kim Jong-Un was translated to refer to U.S. President Donald Trump as such in response to Trump’s UN General Assembly speech in 2017.
    • Even in modern day, characters may say things that are indicative of older generations.
  • Decomposite Character: Germania isn’t one character, but more a bunch of unrelated tribes Rome often has trouble telling apart, as is more accurate of contemporary perceptions.
  • Deconstruction: The series is basically this for Hetalia as a concept, exploring the idea of national personifications if they actually functioned like nations. The result is extremely morally grey, with almost everyone being some shade of terrible and even mildly sociopathic and everyone is out for their own interests. Even the more lighthearted entries are black comedy half the time.
    • There are also those characters who end up being a deconstruction of their canon selves, though apparently these are coincidental; most notable is Italy before and during the Fascist Era, as outlined under I Want to Be a Real Man.
    • Or the Axis itself, really. The series makes it very clear how the Axis were anything but the close-knit group that canon portrays them as, and in fact despite making gestures of unity and Germany and Japan especially convincing themselves otherwise, in the end they were one of the more loose-knit alliances in history, only out for their own interests. Japan and the Western Axis barely even meet. One very egregious example of how superficial this alliance was was that Germany actually helped China earlier in the war... as Japan was fighting China. Japan also was completely unwilling to risk his neck for Germany by invading the Soviet Union. And the one time they do cooperate, it ends badly for Germany. The author has also gone on record saying she really likes giving GerIta the torpedo, and it’s made extremely clear how awful and shaky their “friendship” is, in the end leaving Italy with a burning resentment of Germany just like the rest of the continent for about two decades. Oh and Germany and Japan have basically gone psychotic by this point and Italy as mentioned above is desperately grasping at something to be proud of and failing miserably, and in the end what drove them into an alliance was that they saw themselves as persecuted rookies who had literally no one else to turn to. The Allies, on the other hand, are shown to be an actual alliance, communicating and networking to best contribute to victory, even if they didn’t necessarily like each other.
  • Deliberate Values Dissonance: Yuuuuup. The characters are all written by what is "mainstream" in a given country. So everyone thinks in ways that are normal for their era and/or culture, no matter how reprehensible the author herself finds it; e.g. early 1900s America doesn't see anything wrong with calling China and Japan "Ching-chong" and "Chink", Fem!France in a pre-release fic sees nothing with threatening Austria by saying “I hope Russe sodomizes you” during the Concert of Vienna talks (note, she would have actually legalized it in law during the revolution), and in modern day Russia and Balkan characters use “fag” as an insult, and (human) women were still demeaned by most until recently. This is also why most of even the OCs are male, as the author doesn't want to contradict the cultures of countries as much as possible. This is also reflected in how pre-nationalism nations work, as before then the countries were, for the most part, bound to their rulers and not their people, as such they often don't feel much connection to the average peasant. The author has stated that the We All Live in America trope annoys her a lot, as such a lot of care is taken so that characters actually think and act like someone from their country.
  • Do-Anything Soldier: Justified for many nations, who usually have the ability to serve in any military branch, force, or division unless they have a reason to be exempt from it. They can even teleport around so they can be present at all important fronts and military engagements. Occasionally, particularly if that nation has personified subdivisions, a character can spend most of their time in one branch or force (e.g. Milano and Veneziano (as in Venice, not Italy himself) are in the Alpini, Alaska is more likely to happen to be in the Air Force at any given time); before the 19th century or so, however, it is common for a character to be the type of soldier considered the most iconic and/or befitting of their noble status (e.g. Commonwealth!Poland is always a Winged Hussar after their introduction, Spain and Napolitano are pikemen), though even then they often seem to do whatever would be the most cool in the story (one of the more notable examples being how England was a longbowman throughout his childhood but still has swordfights on the battlefield).
  • Does Not Like Spam:
    • David/Israel and all Muslim nations, for religious reasons, find pork gross at best. While they might be able to eat other stuff with preparation, pork by itself, even just by itself, is unambiguously disgusting to them. David and Lipka build up some tolerance to it due to spending so much time around Europeans, especially the Polish Commonwealth which by no means dislikes it (and Ukraine’s Trademark Favorite Food In particular, salo, is literally a hunk of lard, though that is enough to make poor Lipka gag and make David cringe at the mere mention of it).
    • A bit of a Running Gag is that Scotland also hates pork, in any form, and has since childhood... For no real reason. He’d eat literal sheep guts, but serve him pork sausage and he’ll act like it’s rotten. Oh, and hilariously, he’s also a bit afraid of pigs. England notes more than a few times that his face scrunches up when he sees pork, and at one point had pork chops served for dinner purely to mess with him. Unlike, say the abovementioned Israel or Muslim nations, he doesn’t really have any reason to hate it, or if he had any he doesn’t remember why, he just found pigs gross and unappealing. While he is able to eat it in modern times, he’d still rather eat any other meat. And yes, this is indeed based on an actual observed phenomena.
  • Does This Remind You of Anything?:
    • Austria’s immediate reaction upon losing the Austro-Prussian War and therefore losing any hope of “fathering” Germany would probably sound like a woman who just had her first miscarriage out of context.
    • Lukashenko's relationship with Belarus is depicted almost like an abusive marriage, what with Lukashenko's boorish, uncouth, controlling, power-hungry personality and Belarus being quite possibly the most timid character in the nation cast. Their massive height difference, the fact that he's a misogynist who questions Belarus' capabilities and often makes remarks about how incapable women are right in front of her, is very quick to reinforce her danger-avoidant personality to keep her in that mindset, and especially if she shows any semblance of discontent, doesn't help. Nor that his wife isn't in the picture, and thus she's the woman who spends the most time near him. In the fic taking place during the 2020 election, his blatant disregard for her well-being is laid bare with his blatant disregard of her fears regarding the COVID-19 pandemic that was occurring that year, proving to be the final straw and she finally speaks up against him.
  • Dragged into Drag: One of Russia’s empresses, Elizaveta (not to be confused with Hungary, who is now Erzsébet), on top of her over-the-top parties, throws crossdressing balls; and had a giant sack-back gown tailor made just for poor, teenage Russia to wear to these like a little girl forcing her brother to role-play a tea party with her. Note, he’s a pretty traditionally masculine character and remains consistently so. And yes, other nations laugh at his expense for it. The only reason he or anyone attends them is that the empress looks hot even in drag. In Bons Baisers De Russie, Russia has the misfortune of her telling Marianne “Oh, he loves putting it on!”. Though despite this humiliation and her other eccentricities, he remembers her fondly for not being horrifically abusive or neglectful. ...And yes, this is based in reality.
  • Dramedy: A really good example, discounting Culture Clash. While it's mainly a dark drama, there will be comedic chapters every now and again that will probably throw you for a loop, times when the stereotype sides of their characters show through, and there's also scenes like this one after London is bombed once again in the WWII arc:
    England: Ah, Canada- *cough* How are you *cough* faring?
    Canada: Father, your head is covered in blood, can you not see that?! Please take it easy!
    England: Ah, this? *cough* Terribly irritating, I must say *cough* the blood is stinging my eyes- *coughs blood*
    Canada: GOOD GOD! ...Sorry at the outburst, but how can you call that "terribly irritating"?!
    England: A mere few square kilometers destroyed, is all- *coughs blood again, into Canada's lap*
    Canada: MERE?!
  • Denser and Wackier: The micronations. Most of them are pretty cartoony, the notable ones having a very strong "quirk" to define them (e.g. Kugelmugel and Ladonia are artists, Užupis is a laid-back hippie, Other World Kingdom is a Dominatrix and the Token Adult, Hay-on-Waye is a Bookworm, plus the many anarchic ones), even more so since they understandably only occasionally are shown, mostly as a Breather Episode. They resemble early canon Hetalia characters quite a bit in this way, and their Day in the Limelight episodes are also almost always this, which coming from normal Alt-talia can be a bit jarring even if the main story, especially the more humorous entries, can have pretty cartoony moments. Downplayed for the major out of them, Sealand, who is basically a rebellious young boy with a super active imagination, but compared to canon he isn't as obnoxious about wanting to be recognized, as he doesn't care that no one recognizes him as a country, saying he's confident enough in himself to not need outside validation... or so he states. However, there are times where micronations created in response to actual issues are shown, and while they're still very quirky the issues are treated seriously (pending). They generally seem to exist on a Lighter and Softer plane of existence, even becoming mere mortals if their existence is terminated, as opposed to being killed off.
  • Drill Sergeant Nasty: Prussia. And unlike in canon, he keeps “strict military man” as his default personality. Though he’s lighter on the insults than other examples unless they’re someone who’s being extremely difficult like Bavaria or Cologne, that doesn’t stop him from actually shooting at poor young Germany while chasing him on horseback as punishment, taking advantage of the fact that it’s impossible to kill a nation conventionally. This starts rubbing off on Germany eventually, though by modern day the kid completely avoids it, unlike his canon counterpart.
    • Ancient Rome is also shown to be this towards soldiers, even more so than any modern examples. And unlike Prussia, he doesn’t give a damn about your personal honor if you won’t make a good soldier, as such lays on the “Maggot!”s, “Pussy!”s, and ultra colorful swears thick. There are even scenes cribbed out of Full Metal Jacket.
    • Sparta, of course, is the crowning Drill Sergeant Nasty of all Drill Sergeant Nasty. They won’t even go easy on children, boys starting their training at 7. Oh yeah, Sparta is a woman, though the soldiers don’t know this (pending). She doesn’t even care if you die. Athens in particular is baffled at her practices, noting how terrifyingly emotionally stunted her men (and Sparta herself) are. Note, the other Greek City States are hardly soft and nice either.
      Athens: Innocent boys come out as hardened soldiers, but with merely half the souls of men, the other half having been mutilated, worn, and torn away in gruesome fashion. At times, I doubt if the madwoman herself has a soul either.
  • Dude Looks Like a Lady: China, just like in canon. He also still sounds feminine, as he has the same voice. For the longest time, this was considered attractive, as such he took pride in it; but as mentioned above, in modern day it’s... best not to bring it up to him. Russia learned this the hard way in their first meeting after the Deng Xiao Ping reforms after he mocks him for his appearance. Yes. That Russia.
  • The Dutiful Son: Canada becomes this after America leaves the Empire. He saw America as a traitor to the family for the longest time, refusing to see him as a brother on top of the fear of America encroaching on him. This drives him to become even more loyal to his father and uncles, seeing himself as the representative of the British Empire in the Americas, also putting him in contrast to America, the want for which becomes a defining part of his character.
  • Dysfunction Junction: Hoo boy. When many of the main characters are actual war criminals and selfish by instinct, functioning like a normal human is actually something pretty impressive. The EU bloc, the most developed ones at least, seem to not be this, but it's just that they're not so much anymore, and even then they still can be prone to many complexes. In fact, it's been said that nations have a different set of instincts from humans, which often manifests as what seems to be very mild sociopathy/narcissism. It's telling that they seem right at home in an Evillious Chronicles setting, and in fact there they somehow seem less morally ambiguous.
  • Eldrich Abomination: ISIS is presented as a bit of one, more a manifestation of hatred who corrupts nations by feeding off of the resentment he was born out of than a character per se. He even becomes a black swarm when Kurdistan puts the final bullet in him. Though even this manifestation of pure evil, one of the few true villains of the series, is shown to be a Knight Templar who does honestly believe in his cause. The author has stated that while she did wonder about creating this character, she also wanted to show why the organization came to be and how radicalization of so many people can happen, and as such decided to make him more monster than human.
  • Eloquent in My Native Tongue: When communicating in a language they aren’t native to, depending on the fluency of the overall population, they may speak in anything ranging from You No Take Candle to Surprisingly Good English, but when speaking their native language they speak very fluently, possibly with accents for parts of countries like states or to convey personality.
  • Emotionless Girl: Modern Belarus rarely emotes, though if someone notices her in a positive way she can show a bit of a smile.
  • Enfant Terrible: Read Troubling Unchildlike Behavior for more. Nations are nations no matter their age.
  • Entitled to Have You: Imperial Japan towards his “Co-Prosperity Sphere”, though for all but probably Taiwan (pending) it's more an extremely twisted familial (?) love than romantic. While he isn’t wrong in thinking that the European Imperial powers don’t have the best interests of their colonies in mind, and that they subjected China in particular to an epic Trauma Conga Line, he believes himself to be a better Imperial master because he supposedly knows and understands his fellow Asians unlike them... despite all evidence to the contrary. In fact, he’s more abusive for the most part than any of them. But because he’s an East Asian just like them, he HAS to be their designated leader to lead them to an Asian Utopia in which they can all be one big happy family. And any suggestion that he’s hurting them more than the European empires ever did is enough to make him fly into a terrifying Unstoppable Rage, especially towards his colonies for being “ungrateful”. For Taiwan in particular, he basically treats her as his trophy wife (pending).
    • Russia could be seen to have an attitude like this towards his sisters. Familial Nationalism can tend to share many similarities with this trope, but Russia in particular feels that his sisters shouldn’t “abandon” him because of their blood ties. Particularly Ukraine.
  • Even Evil Has Loved Ones: Mongol Empire is probably one of the few nation characters who can be called a "villain" in the series; she’s basically an unstoppable force who gleefully murders other countries and masses of innocent people, deliberately using gut-wrenching Cold-Blooded Torture that even makes medieval stomachs turn before doing so to make others fear her... but even then she's apparently a loving mother. A precious commodity in the Alt-talia universe. Mongolia only remembers this kind mother, so they (note: gender unconfirmed) take any insults at her expense, no matter how justified, with great offense.
    • Even nations at their most vile, at least post-nationalism, often do such things out of a connection to their people. This doesn’t always mean they’re against throwing many individuals of their own into the grinder, however, so it can come across as hypocritical.
  • Everyone Has Standards: Examples abound:
    • When people find out what King Leopold II was doing with his "humanitarian money" in the Congo Free State, even the Imperial Powers were in utter horror at what the man had done.
    • Mongol Empire’s cruelty towards her enemies are a bit much even by medieval standards. The medieval Europeans are the same kids who think public drawing and quartering is a perfectly justified judicial punishment and basically exist only to fight in wars.
    • The above-mentioned instances of a younger Germany being horrified by extreme cruelty towards people that he’s been taught his whole life are less than human. It’s shown in general that he’s more kindhearted, or at least openly so, than Prussia, something which Prussia sees to stamping out. But this gets beaten out of him by the middle of World War I, and as we all know, a little over two decades later...
    • Speaking of, most of Europe didn’t particularly like Jews or Slavs in the early 40s. But even then the Holocaust was terrible enough to shock many, and for them to reflect on what they had done.
    • Also of note is that Italy is incredibly reluctant about turning in Jews during WWII.
    • Though China may be a selfish Jerkass who wouldn’t care if someone was drowning in front of him, when he saw that a bunch of economic migrants in his capital had their houses bulldozed over he offered a family food and blankets. There’s also a short drabble where he decides to turn a blind eye to a small group of North Korean refugees passing through.
  • Female Misogynist: Just because a nation is female doesn’t mean they respect women during eras where misogyny was normal. They just get concessions to act like men in their mind because they’re countries, and among normal humans they either crossdress or act like how a “proper” woman should, not finding anything wrong with it as that’s what’s normal for them. Though the author does try to make new female countries female when the society is relatively egalitarian to avoid this.
  • Five-Man Band: The most prominent members of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (while other members exist, these are the most consistent and appear most often):
    • The Leader: Poland (headstrong)
    • The Lancer: Lithuania
    • The Smart Guy: David (While an on-and-off member, he may as well be a member with how the plurality of his time is spent here and how often he is written as if he's part of it)
    • The Big Guy: Lipka (Not in the traditional sense, being an archer and all, but she not only is basically Lithuania's bodyguard, or at least starts as such, but she has the mentality of this character type)
    • The Chick: Natallia/Byelorussia
  • Foolish Sibling, Responsible Sibling: America and Canada respectively. Though Canada can be a bit snobbish about it.
  • Foreign Cuss Word: Used quite often, due to obvious reasons.
    • "Kurwa" is basically Poland's catchphrase. Its use is very versatile, from expressing amazement to Oh, Crap! to Big "NO!".
    • It's similar with Finland and "perkele", and to a lesser extent Russia and "blyat".
    • The author often averts this when a non-English speaking nation curses in a more lighthearted entry, directly translating swears, idioms, or interjections that sound silly in English just for Rule of Funny, resulting in China calling a pedestrian he almost runs over a "son of a turtle", Argentina dramatically shouting at Chile he hopes he gets fucked by a fish, Serbia angrily shouting "fuck your blood!" after Croatia... or any curse word Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, or Bosnia says when translated for that matter. And they do. A lot. For less vulgar ones, there's things like Poland expressing surprise by saying "By St. Hyacinth and his pierogis..." instead of his standard "kurwa" (unfortunately he doesn't say it much anymore), or the myriad of Gosh Dang It to Heck!-esque swears Lithuania and Latvia used for most of their life if the need arose (e.g. "Green Rue!" and "Gritty Flour!”)
  • Forgettable Character: Quite a few characters get this gag. In general, nations who tend to be more obscure tend to go unnoticed sometimes, but the most common victims are:
    • Belarus, who goes pretty unnoticed between her way more noticeable and bold siblings, due to her timid personality in this canon and general irrelevance in international politics, with only her immediate neighbors recognizing who she is consistently. And even if they do, they may even be unable to sense she is a nation at first and mistake her for a civilian (as happens more often with the more womanizing characters).
    • Out of the Baltic states, Lithuania seems to get this (though more often he gets called "Latvia") the most often, which is very unfortunate since he tends to react the worst to it.
    • Uruguay tends to kind of disappear in the shadows of the much more loud and brash Argentina and Brazil. He takes it in stride, though.
    • Liechtenstein is another such case, but not really. Switzerland often forgets that she exists as a country... however, this doesn't mean he forgets she exists, it's just that he thinks she's a canton of his, and he's still very protective of her.
    • Canada, unlike how he's often perceived in Hetalia fanon and earlier canon, averts this trope. He does get mistaken for America, but he's never straight-up invisible, and in fact is well-liked by the international community, seen as the non-controversial brother to America (though there has been at least one occasion where others get a bit annoyed with him listing off how he's better than America). ...But however, one of his provinces, Manitoba, is. Or at least, he needs to speak up for the others to even notice him.
    • Among America's states, Wyoming tends to get this a lot. Her case is probably the strangest from a character standpoint, as her personality and rough but conservative appearance wouldn't really lead one to think so (plus she's one of the very few female states or territories in the union), but she just has the "magical" ability to be in everyone's blind spot, much to her frustration. It's stated that this is due to her sparse population, however. Though it's also possible that the others are just messing with her.
  • Freudian Trio:
    • The Baltic states: Lithuania, now the most expressive, proud, fiery, and anger-prone out of the three (Id); Estonia, the slow and unemotional but logical, blunt, and practical prodigy (Superego); and Latvia, who is somewhere in the middle, though probably the most shy, conflicted, and least figured out (Ego).
    • The East Slavs: Ukraine is now by far the most emotionally expressive, anger-prone, impulsive, and idealistic (Id), Belarus is borderline unemotional, accepts things as they come, and values order over freedom (Superego), while Russia is basically the default leader and is both emotionally turbulent and stoic (Ego); though it somewhat deconstructs the dynamic as Russia’s relationships with them are hardly healthy.
    • The most prominent members of the German family within the German Empire fit this dynamic quite well; Prussia is always disciplined, practical, and calculating (Superego), Bavaria is proud, carefree, boisterous, and only listens to what he or God wants (Id), with Germany, of course, being representative of the whole union (Ego); albeit, he leans way more towards Prussia so it can be pretty lopsided.
  • From Nobody to Nightmare: While most countries have to start somewhere, there are some notable cases:
    • Ancient Rome himself starts as a small city-State no one really cares about, one out of many. Needless to say, he becomes the most powerful empire Europe would ever see, his exploits so famed that others want to be him centuries after his death and his legendary status continues to this day; in a way he can be described as the most important character in the series.
    • Turkey was merely the runt of the litter out of a long list of other squabbling petty kingdoms when he started out. He proceeds to rapidly expand his borders and become more powerful so that by 1500, not only is Rûm, the most powerful among them, long dead along with the rest of the kingdoms, but he has killed the Eastern Roman Empire himself, taken Constantinople, become the one true Caliphate, and grown into the largest, most powerful entity in the European-West Asian-North African region.
    • Russia. As Muscovy, he starts as only one of several siblings, much like Turkey the runt of the litter no less, though he’s quickly selected as the Golden Horde’s tax collector. He’s tiny and sort of meek, but is taken under his wing. Alternatively Then, after growing under his care, he usurps him and by driving him away basically leaves him for dead. And not only does Russia become his father’s official successor, but he becomes one of the biggest countries the world would ever see, as symbolized in his massive, exponential growth spurts. Though even after this, he’s still seen as “An untamed, but starved beast” (or as the author puts it as herself, “A Space-Filling Empire of hot air”) as he was a backwater compared to the rest of Europe with no navy and dinky military, outdated and rather isolated. No one except his neighbors pay him any mind, as they have no need to. Compared to them (Denmark-Norway, Sweden, Poland-Lithuania, and Turkey) especially, he paled in comparison, and to show for it was a teenager when said neighbors were very much adults and had been so for a while. Then Peter the Great becomes Tsar. By the end of his reign, Russia is an Empire with a modern navy and massive army who has singlehandedly knocked Sweden out of Great Power status, feared as a legitimate continental power. By the time of Catherine the Great, he’s this towering, terrifying monster of a man who has taken basically all of Northeastern Europe. He also contributes majorly to the decline of Poland-Lithuania and Turkey and the ultimate knocking them out of the ring as well and humiliates Napoleon with sheer force of will. Safe to say, from then on he continues to be feared more and more, culminating in the 20th century.
    • Japan from the mid 1800s to WWII. He starts as a feudal island, isolated from virtually everyone else. At first, most of the European powers done pay much attention to him; then he defeats Russia, much to everyone’s (even England, his ally’s) shock. They continue to not try to give him too much credit, until by the 1930s, he becomes a terrifying, nigh-insane empire tearing his way across Asia.
  • Germanic Depressives: Germany, of course; he tends to be pessimistic, a complainer, and rather worry-prone. However, it’s actually a bit downplayed, and in modern day he even isn’t that much of a Workaholic, seeing rest as an essential part of being a hard worker. And even when he was younger, he didn’t epitomize this trope as much as Prussia, who in this canon has No Sense of Humor, is almost a Perpetual Frowner, and once England even remarks he questions if Prussia even has a soul.
  • Grey-and-Grey Morality: Usually morality functions like this; maybe one side might be darker and the other lighter, but this was one of the goals of the series. Though if narrowed down to specific events, you might get more Black-and-Grey Morality situations like World War II, where the Axis are the clear villains but many of the Allies are also shown to engage in unsavory tactics, and have a history of doing so. Even many of the more innocent-seeming characters have probably done something awful in the past.
  • Hairstyle Inertia: Subverted often; though mostly because of changing cultural norms, and usually the author tries her best to avoid changing appearance details too much in art to keep the characters recognizable.
    • But there’s also occasional cases like Norway’s curlier hair as a kid that are there for other reasons, such as symbolic or stereotypical.
  • Hates Their Parent: Germany, for a good while after coming to terms with the war, denounces Prussia, seeing his parenting as a major reason for him going down the dark path he did. The Allies told him such, citing him being the source of German materialism as their reason for finally killing him. After the turn of the 21st century however, he starts to see him in a more nuanced light. While Germany still doesn’t think his father raised him right, he recognizes why he did so, why he thought the way he did, and how he had a side that wasn’t just militarism.
  • He Really Can Act: In a sense. Characters such as Russia, Poland, Lithuania, Japan, and Finland tend to have naturally laid back or calm voices in canon, however they often have songs that require them to sound not only angry, but plain enraged, or in the case of those like Russia or Finland, are expected to have a more harsh voice; the results are some amazing examples of just what utagrowl and moresampler are capable of, which makes it so that these voices can vocalize visceral growls and more powerful shouts. It can be genuinely terrifying to hear Japan's normally calm, gentle voice growl and snarl in barely suppressed rage, and Poland and Lithuania sound genuinely angry and bitter in Imitacja Juoda.
  • Heterosexual Life-Partners: Basically what "union-brotherhood" is supposed to be. How it actually turns out varies, however. In Prussia and Brandenburg/Arendt's case it's pretty much enforced.
  • He Who Fights Monsters: America genuinely wants to be a beacon for democracy, the shining city upon a hill others can aspire to be, to help others. However, even after two My God, What Have I Done? moments (one after the Philippine-American War, the other after the Vietnam War), he always finds himself getting into wars and playing manipulative games to further these supposed goals which may go against said goals, with many dictatorships and terrorist groups having sprouted up thanks to him, having to be “friends” with allies like Saudi Arabia who go terribly against his values, and alienating the very nations he was trying to help with his post-9/11 Roaring Rampage of Revenge, killing thousands without much to show for it. In the most modern stories he’s going through his third disillusionment, albeit one less extreme than before; however, it’s here he comes to realize that he’s become so intertwined with everything he can’t just pull out of things when they go south, and has to keep on beating problems down until they hopefully disappear. Though it should be noted that even before WWII he wasn’t without his hypocrisies, I.e. his blatant disregard for the natives he came across. There’s a good reason he’s the alternate option for the Wrath sinner in Evillious Chronicles x Alt-talia alongside Germany.
    • Oh Poland, oh Poland... back in his height, he used to take pride in his religious tolerance and diversity, making it a point that he thought all were God’s children regardless of faith. This starts to slip as his condition starts to deteriorate, but right before partition he tries his damndest to reclaim this; after partition his three parts pursue more liberal nationalism, fighting alongside everyone in the PLC, and thanks to that David always sided with him. He becomes the Spanner in the Works to the empires occupying him, and as such Russia and Prussia try their damndest to snuff his culture, language, religion, and identity out, being regularly abused and beaten, in the case of Posen being used to train Germany and be the kid’s plaything, which only causes him to double down. However, eventually his nationalism turns toxic and authoritarian; after he gains independence, one of the first things he does is try to force the same kind of assimilation policy on Belarusians and Ukrainians, and relations between him and David become extremely uncertain. In modern day he’s probably one of the more intolerant members of the EU and seems to value his own pride over democracy as well. While he’s still as stubborn and proud as ever, he seems to have forgotten what he stood for, though there are signs that he might be changing.
    • Imperial Japan wanted to create a utopia for East Asians where they would stand united against the cruel colonial oppressors, helping modernize them and bring them into the 20th century. And while he does show some unsettling signs, manipulation, and brutality early on, it’s nothing by usual colonial standards, and he’s extremely by the book regarding prisoners of war in WWI, treating them like honored guests. His racial equality proposal being shot down in the League of Nations, however, starts him on a Sanity Slippage; he completely loses it after the Manchurian Incident, and ends up treating his occupied territories worse than any western empire ever did, brutalizing POWs and anyone who stands in his path.
  • High-Class Glass: England wears one during the appropriate time period, fittingly. He doesn’t wear it all the time, but still a lot of the time.
    • Brandenburg also wears one, as the monocle actually used to be a Prussian stereotype; though he doesn’t fit the personality type attached to the trope as much as England, he’s still shown as usually more cultured than Prussia. Though even Prussia is shown to have one he uses when reading fine print, he just doesn’t wear it often.
  • Historical Domain Character: Chock full of ‘em. Though rare, they can even get A Day in the Limelight chapters focusing on them or have segments in their point of view, as well as a few civilians, which serve as an way to view the perspectives of individuals that would have deviated from the mainstream their nation represents, (e.g. opposition politicians, smaller resistance movement leaders, American Communists in hiding, a Japanese anti-Imperialist writer getting shunned by his neighborhood) or to show the human side and cost (e.g. heads of state, prominent writers and scientists, quite a few individual soldiers of varying disposition, refugees, a Romani father sharing a work camp with David, a little girl in Osaka hiding in a bunker innocently complaining about how she can’t watch the “fireworks”), though usually the nation themselves does have a role in the story, whether as a threat, a conversation partner, or just as someone they always see around.
  • Hot-Blooded Sideburns: Downplayed example; even with short hair, Lithuania usually keeps his earlocks to some extent (with this trope and iconicness cited as to why). He’s also now the most hotheaded of the Baltics (though that’s not saying much) and is almost fiery when he puts his mind to it, in battle especially (and when enraged he’s been described as “feral”, “primal”, and other terms that would invoke a wild animal) though he doesn’t hold a candle next to Commonwealth!Poland otherwise.
    • Greece. While in canon he was very mellow, now his long, fluffy earlocks very much give this effect due to how much hot blood this version of the character has coursing through his veins. Much like Lithuania, even with short hair his earlocks are kept noticeably present.
  • Husky Russkie: Russia gets bumped up 8 centimeters so that he towers at an absolutely massive 190 centimeters (or 6 feet and almost 3 inches), explicitly the tallest member of the cast (and by far; the second tallest is the Netherlands, who is still 8 centimeters shorter than him, and Sweden, who was previously as tall as Russia in canon, gets bumped down to a “mere” 179; apparently the outrageous height was to make the now lower 180-range Baltics still look appropriately tiny) and almost has the bulk to match, making him extremely imposing; his voice is also lowered and given more Harsh Vocals, and he has a history of being thought of as this trope by the west, with his character often coming across as unrefined and brutish. However, while this isn’t completely wrong, he’s also shown to be pretty intelligent and introspective, his angstiness being a defining trait, and is as articulate in his native language as anyone else if not exceptionally so. He’s also extremely good at chess and is shown to be a fast learner if he needs to be (especially when France is tutoring him in the 18th century).
  • Icy Blue Eyes: Russia is often described with these, fitting his cold, aloof demeanor in this canon. (Pending? I could possibly go for a deep blue)
    • Lithuania and Latvia (maybe?), Estonia, and Finland also get this eye color, with the latter also at times being described as having “icy blue” eyes. Fits well, given their climate, and the latter two’s personalities.
  • Inferiority Superiority Complex: Everywhere. It’s probably why so many Eastern European countries tend to be extremely prideful. Though most notably, there’s:
    • Poland in modern day. It’s one of the biggest elements of his character, usually played for comedic effect, and when he gets a lot of praise for something he tends to take it extremely seriously; on one occasion he even cries.
    • Lithuania’s “sidekick complex” regarding Poland and his tendency absolutely blow his top if mistaken for Latvia or a part of Russia shows he’s actually pretty insecure despite his arrogance, though said arrogance isn’t as in-your-face as it is with Poland.
    • post WWI to Fascist-era Italy, actually. Before this point he’s probably the least self-confident major country on the continent, thinking of himself as a coward and an effeminate, lazy, impotent loser who can’t live up to anyone’s expectations; even his nationalists are quick to remind him of his many faults. But after he becomes part of the victorious allies, his confidence finally spikes... only for the victors to make this newly confident Italy compromise with the concessions he was promised. This highly pisses him off, and from then on he really starts to play up the Heir To The Roman Empire thing, so when Mussolini tells him he’ll give him the wealth and greatness he deserves he readily takes it. His very macho, wannabe manly persona is also a direct result of his thinking of himself as effeminate and weak.
  • Interspecies Romance: If one thinks of nations as a different species from humans, the relationship between England and Queen Elizabeth I is this... sort of. Maybe. Due to the author’s reservations about shipping actual people who actually existed, even after her famous “I am married to my country” speech the furthest their relationship goes is a pseudo-Chastity Couple relationship, though he does have an innocent crush on her.
    • One-sided examples aren’t that uncommon though. The most notable is probably America’s massive crush on Marilyn Monroe which is... way less innocent that England’s on Elizabeth. To the point that there was once a piece of official joke art in which he was cuddling a body pillow of her. Yes, in the 50s.
    • Apparently, it's more likely for a nation to fall for a human than they are a fellow nation, though this is still not extremely common. This only happens to people in history who are extremely notable, and is rarely if ever completely requited.
  • I Want to Be a Real Man: Deconstructed. Italy until a few years after the end of WWII has this as a significant part of his psyche. He pretty much saw himself as if he were canon Italy; cowardly, lazy, effeminate, generally ineffective, as well as hedonistic and an unworthy successor to Ancient Rome’s legacy. Whereas canon Italy seems to be oblivious of this or just doesn’t let it bother him, Alt-Italy in this era is more than aware of them, and combined with his shattered self-image it contributes to a lot of self-loathing. While his appearance is given a slight manliness upgrade in this version, he still looks boyish enough that it’s a massive complex for him (especially as he ages slower than Germany, who is 10 years younger than him but looks extremely masculine), only further contributing to his self-image as an effeminate loser. During the Fascist era itself, he thinks that the new regime is what will "Finally teach him how to be a real man", and he really goes out of his way to seem as masculine and macho as possible, letting himself be subject to heavy emotional repression and abuse as a way of beating it into himself. He’s also incredibly harsh on a recruit who acts somewhat like his canon version, as would probably happen to canon Italy if he actually lived in Fascist Italy, and seeing in the recruit the part of himself he hates. After the war he does gain more genuine self-confidence, even if he still has self-image issues.
    Italy: I... I’m not a girl!
    Germany: Really? This performance speaks otherwise.
    Italy: I’M NOT A GIRL! Blocks his mouth when he hears his voice crack
  • Jaded Washout: Downplayed with Poland in modern day. While he’s often described as a “washed-up has-been” by the author, and he is indeed bitter, intolerant, bible-thumping, a heavy drinker and smoker, a massive complainer, and has a raging Inferiority Superiority Complex, he also still has great potential in the future and is an extremely hard worker, even if he complains the whole time.
    • A similar case, ironically, is Lithuania, who goes from an Extreme Doormat to a grumpy, troubled, but prideful hothead in modern day. He likes to brag about his past much like Poland, if less blatant, and possibly has an even worse Inferiority Superiority Complex (which Poland is a major factor in) which is often described as a “Sidekick Complex”, is a major alcoholic even by Eastern Europe standards, and compared to Estonia he has yet to truly carve out a place for himself in the world. But yet, much like Poland, he is still at least trying to work to make his life better, even if he might say extremely pessimistic things. Plus, this hotheadedness was also what helped come up with the whole Baltic Way idea.
  • Jerkass: Where to start?
    • Modern China/Yao Wang is probably the most blatant example. While others try to justify things to themselves, he's pretty aware of the fact that what he's doing isn't for anything but his benefit; though a good chunk of his decisions are also driven by a persecution complex due to going through an actual century of barely anything but foreign exploitation. Still, he believes that friendship in international relationships is a lie, and his Jerkassery can often wrap around to actually being entertaining. Even he has a good heart deep down though, as shown by when he gives blankets and food to people who got their shantytown bulldozed in Beijing, lets a group of North Korean defectors go out of pity, donates to Italy during the Coronavirus epidemic series, and in a literal Pet the Dog moment buys a dog from being eaten.
    • Israel in fact is kind of proud of this, taking a bit of pride in the fact that at least a few stores in tourist spots have banned him due to him being a douche. Though he more likes to see it as Brutal Honesty, and he's been pushed around and hunted for so long that he really doesn't care about not offending you anymore. However, he's also shown as a Jerk with a Heart of Gold to those he cares about and strangers.
  • Jerkass Woobie: Safe to say, most of the cast is this to some degree. It’s just that some are more so than others.
  • Jerk with a Heart of Jerk: Sort of; WWII-era Japan actually saves some Jews from Europe and imports them (including David with them) after hearing about Germany's plans for them... But while the people who sent most of them to him like Chiune Sugihara had genuine intentions, he himself only bought David in because he believed the Nazi propaganda but interpreted it as meaning currying favor with David would grant him leverage elsewhere and use his Magic Jew Administrative Powers for his ends.
  • The Klutz: Italy is much less of a Ditz... but almost as if to make up for it he’s at least half as clumsy if not more. He loses things, is very inefficient, can barely hold something without at least fumbling with it a bit, trips anywhere one could conceivably trip, and in one of the official chibi sprites, which are supposed to be representative of the character, papers are falling from his arms as he runs and fumbles with them. If he isn’t 100% invested in something, chances are the results are going to be extremely sloppy - though when he is (e.g. his looks, cooking, art, preserving his independence), the results can be truly impressive. Though this’s is usually played for laughs, it and his overall scatterbrained-ness is also at times played more dramatically, as part of the reason he’s that way is his messy existence for much of his life, and there’s also scenes like a young Italy trying to catch up to the other Great Powers leaving without him noticing and tripping painfully into the marble floor when he tries to catch up, or him fumbling with and dropping his rifle in front of a baffled Ethiopia to show how badly prepared he is, plus how Germany brutally mocks him for it in the WWII arc.
  • Knight Templar Big Brother: North Korea/Lee Hyun-Soo. By God. The extent this guy is overprotective of his brother is borderline creepy and heartbreaking. He genuinely thinks that America is a corrupting influence on South Korea, and loves the idea of killing him brutally, and if he could get his brother back he would be willing to do it no matter the cost; even if it means actually hurting him.
    • Replace “Big brother” with the relevant familial term, and this trope is basically Familial Nationalism in a nutshell.
  • Kuudere: England is often described as this as opposed to the canon version’s Tsundere. Though he’s levelheaded and can be downright smarmy if not Faux Affably Evil at his worst, he does show that he does genuinely care for those who are close to him and his citizens. After all, he actually cries when Princess Diana dies.
    • Finland. He’s one of the genuinely kindest characters in modern day, especially towards Estonia; despite being as introverted, alcoholic, and seemingly aloof as he is and the chip on his shoulder, the violent part of the stereotype is dropped (especially in modern day), and he believes firmly in everyone deserving equal opportunity in life and the need for children to live their childhoods, and is also a Friend to All Living Things.
    • Belarus. While the canon version is terrifying, here she’s more of a wallflower in modern day, not really interacting much with other nations and coming off as an Emotionless Girl. However, she’s probably the sweetest out of the East Slavic trio.
  • Large Ham/World of Ham: America. While somewhat short of the extent of his canon counterpart, he is also, as expected, quite dramatic and hammy, definitely lets his presence known, and is pretty obnoxious about it, contrasting him greatly with his brother Canada and his father England. It comes with the whole hero complex thing. This is especially so if the topic of conversation involves something that is conventionally Rated M for Manly like the Superbowl. It probably isn't a good idea to be standing near him if he has a reason to be hyped up about something, since he might accidentally hit you or start shaking you; and due to his Super Strength humans would probably die from that.
    • A lot of times, how hammy someone is is directly proportional to how close to the equator they are (though they're just as likely to be laid back, e.g. Malaysia and Thailand). However, Philippines/Maria De La Cruz has to be the queen of this, at least in modern day. This girl has enough hot blood to power a stove and emotions that can pretty much change on a dime. Characters sometimes note how they can almost see cartoony effects above her head she's so damn expressive. Everyone notices as soon as she enters any room. She is capable of keeping her voice down, but she definitely will struggle initially. Unfortunately for South Korea, who she has a crush on, he has to get a facefull of it whenever they meet.
    • Italy. Though even he doesn’t compare to Neapolitano/Lavinio and Sicily, who even Italy can get a bit overwhelmed by.
    • Safe to say, the entirety of Southern Europe with the exception of Portugal, San Marino, and the Vatican (and even then the latter is debatable as an exception) is a World of Ham. Greece probably tops all of them though, a far cry from the quiet, soft-spoken Sleepyhead he was in canon. This also extends into the Middle East.
    • Commonwealth Poland. The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in general is a World of Ham, but Poland himself was the biggest one, and there's a reason he's often compared to America by the author. He SHOUTS actual In the Name of the Moon speeches in Latin before battle, gives himself very lavish titles like "The White Eagle of God Himself", and his epic arguments with David can apparently be heard from across the castle. And he’s a total badass to back it up.
    • Also, the entirety of Latin America, with few exceptions (e.g. Chile) is basically one big World of Ham.
    • Also huge swaths of Africa are like this as well. While many may have some of the hardest lives out of a cast that is full of characters with troubled lives, that doesn’t stop many of them from being a joy to be around.
    • North Korea, sort of. He's often shown threatening others in incredibly dramatic ways, grandstands a lot, and his flowery Antiquated Linguistics only add to the effect. However, it's shown that when speaking to his citizens he's surprisingly calm (as long as they tow the party line of course).
  • Lethal Chef: England, unlike in canon, actually averts it. Kind of. He doesn't burn everything he touches... He just has so little regard for flavorings and boils things for such absurd amounts of time that anything not meant to be eaten plain tastes impossibly, exhaustingly bland more than extremely awful. He is capable of actually making a decent meal though, it's just that he's incredibly limited and not very imaginative. But when he does make something spicy, at least, he really, really overshoots it, as best shown in a Culture Clash fic in which England brings curry to their family reunion. America, Canada, and Aussie, after being assured that it's something England actually can cook well, try it and end up screaming and running around like maniacs "as if fire was shooting out of their mouths"; even India is a bit surprised and asks "When did your curry become this spicy?" (while England and Scotland try it, are confused, and England rolls his eyes thinking that everyone is exaggerating, only to be surprised by the fact that indeed, yes, everyone finds it that spicy. After which he joins Scotland in basically calling them a bunch of pussies). Also in a comedic fic where France, Italy, and Poland pull a prank on Germany by borrowing England's mustard and switching out Germany's mustard for it; they quickly regret it as it causes the poor guy, who has a low tolerance for spicy food as it is, to immediately fall from his chair, get chills, instantly break out in cold sweat, throw up, and lose consciousness.
    France, panicking: What ze fuck 'ell magic do you put in mustard?!
    England, both amused and horrified by seeing Germany like this: Erm... Mustard powder?
  • Literal Split Personality: Happens when a country or ethnic group is partitioned or split up, if they don’t die, there aren’t any backup Egg Nations, and not even a rump state is left. Most prominently Poland, who gets split into three. In this state, the individuals can seem to operate on their own but ultimately share the same personality as well as human name (leading to a bit of confusion), though there may be slight differences in appearance to tell them apart.
  • Loads and Loads of Characters: AND HOW. On top of the 195 UN recognized countries in modern day, there’s also the loads of stateless nations, the oodles and oodles of historical countries who are no longer alive, subdivisions of nations, various tribes, the massive number of Historical Domain Characters, and the one-off civilian characters. Granted, some of these have the role of a Bit Character at best or have a Day in the Limelight episode and are barely mentioned elsewhere, or are mainly seen as part of a Cast Herd, but the number is still so utterly massive that it’s an extremely hard task to keep track of how many characters there are, to the point the author herself has no idea.
  • Military Brat: While almost everyone is, for obvious reasons, involved in their military, making all children of countries technically this, Germany acts the most like one because Prussia acts the most like a stereotypical soldier. He was raised in a militaristic environment after modern militaries became well established, and he's also determined to continue his father's legacy. It has... mixed results, to say the least. He forces himself out of this mentality after WWII though.
  • Muscles Are Meaningless: Enforced. Though there may be some minor adjustments, character designs are edited minimally at most, and physical strength is fully dependant on military firepower. As a result, in modern day the feminine-looking China can pick up a motorbike with ease and the tiny, frail-looking Japan can punch through a table in a fit of emotion, feats which would take much more effort for the more muscular-looking Turkey or Germany.
  • My Country, Right or Wrong: An often explored theme. A nation's ego is also directly proportional to how many of their citizens believe this.
    • Defied by Admiral Wilhelm Canaris and the Abwehr. He tells Germany to his face that his loyalty is to him, not Hitler. Germany is of course baffled by this.
  • My Country Tis of Thee That I Sting: The author is Japanese; this doesn't mean that she goes easy on Japan. At all. Imperial Japan is a fanatical Knight Templar with delusions of grandeur, overall delusion, implied sexual perversion, prone to extreme violence, a terrible case of Honor Before Reason, We Have Reserves despite the fact that those are his literal flesh and blood, and Double Think, though he is portrayed as more pitiful in the end than straight-up evil who in a twisted way was a Well-Intentioned Extremist. As for modern Japan, he's shown as a kind, polite person, but also ignorant, unwilling to learn about others outside of superficial things at most, apathetic, perverted (though this is more Played for Laughs than it is for Imperial Japan), uncaring towards those who even inconvenience him, and having extremely violent, vindictive thoughts about others under that polite surface, something which is shown to have been an issue for much longer; Imperial Japan was merely this being bought to the surface and amplified into actual action. The author also often laments about how much her fellow Japanese frustrate her and how seeing any political discourse on international issues on the Japanese Internet is an exercise in Cultural Cringe. This is also the reason why the author doesn't plan on translating anything Alt-talia related into Japanese anytime soon, as this type of thing isn't taken kindly by the Japanese Internet, which the author has described as a "cesspool".
    • However, she has described how it's often difficult to depict America doing horrible things, having been born and raised in the United States, and that this bias probably shows through her writing. America is depicted as ultimately good at heart, and most of his bad actions are out of him thinking it's the "heroic" thing to do. She still doesn't shy away from showing him being racist, sexist, etc. during times this was the norm though.
  • Mythology Gag: A few references are occasionally made to Hetalia itself, maybe with the context changed or with different characters, along with the traits that were actually imported from canon untouched.
    • America still calls himself a “hero” often. Though here it’s also mixed in with phrases like “Shining city upon a hill”.
    • Tanzania’s “KEEENNNYYYAAAAA!!!” screams as Kenya is about to do something rash is clearly a reference to canon Estonia and his “LAAATTTVVVIIIIAAAA!!!” catchphrase. (Pending)
    • Argentina’s surname is “Vargas”. Argentina is notable for more than half of its population being of Italian descent of some sort (as alluded to in his design, accent, and in-story dialogue), and of course, “Vargas” was the surname Himaurya gave the Italy twins, a name a bit infamous in the main fandom due to being a name of Spanish, not Italian origin, more common in Latin America than in Spain itself no less. Meanwhile, Vargas is a not uncommon name in Argentina (the Italy family gets “Balducci” instead).
    • Then there’s “World Meeting”, an entire one-shot based off of the iconic first episode/comic of Hetalia, except seeing how a comedic world meeting would go between the Alt-talia characters, and as a quick introduction to some of the Alt-talia cast, or at least those featured in the episode. At least, it starts and ends somewhat similarly, everything in between veers in a very different direction. Some highlights include:
      England: Well, it does seem very much like an idea you would think of.
      Belarus: It’s fine, no one cares about me anyway...

      Greece: Look, I swear I’ll pay you back! Give me a break!

      China: And that’s why this ocean has belonged to me for many century!

      Lithuania, swatting Poland’s hand away: Don’t. Touch me.

      Switzerland, eating chocolate pieces from a popcorn bucket: Liechtenstein? What's a canton of mine doing here?
  • Nearly Normal Animal: Most pets of nations are basically treated as this; even former Talking Animals like Iceland's Puffin can only emit sounds typical of their species. Occasionally they may act more like a Partially Civilized Animal, however.
    • Then there's Wojtek the bear, who basically was a real life version of one of these already. Poland can even have what seems like full conversations with him, and basically treats him as another soldier who happens to not be able to talk.
  • Never Gets Drunk: A lot of the alcoholics already mentioned, for obvious reasons.
    • South Korea should once again be mentioned; his favorite drink is the aforementioned soju, his national drink and Gargle Blaster. How much of one is it? It can have an alcohol volume ranging from 16.8% to 53%. America once underestimates it, and becomes extremely Unexpectedly Soused as it creeps up on him as a result so that a disgruntled South Korea has to drag him back to base; meanwhile, South Korea had had exactly the same amount and he's basically sober. It is shown that he can become drunk however, as it's one of the few times he lets himself loose. It just takes an unholy 5 shots of the stuff at maximum alcohol content to get him to that point. In fact, in one Culture Clash Russia and South Korea somehow get into a drinking contest. South Korea wins, to the shock of every one.
    • China is both this and Can't Hold His Liquor, believe it or not. He never actually gets drunk... he just immediately jumps to being hung over. Though he is surprisingly strong for someone with Asian Flush as he can just barely have one shot of Baiju with minimal symptoms... but prod him to drink more and he's down for the count and red all over the face. Japan is also shown to have Asian Flush, which causes him huge amounts of misery when Bavaria goads him into having too much beer in one of his research trips to Germany. However, as they're social drinkers who drink only with meals primarily and basically never drink for the sake of it, they can usually avoid it.
  • Nightmare Fetishist: While many nations can seem to delight or at least be willing to engage in things that would terrify most normal humans, there are some notable cases of this trope:
    • Really downplayed example, but one of the things which differentiates this canon's Lithuania from the canon version is, complimenting his somewhat dark, mysterious aura, his occasionally coming off as a bit weird and ever so slightly creepy (which means, ironically, that now he's the creepy one while Belarus, his ex-wife, was one of the more well put together of the Eastern Bloc, while the opposite was true in canon). For one, he has a dimly-lit room full of grotesque pagan and Catholic paraphernalia from his childhood/youth that he says puts him at ease (though he still admits that his iconic Hill of Crosses is "Maybe a bit creepy" (though he follows it up with "but it means hope to me. God is to be feared as well as loved after all, and this place is proof of God's protection.") - though note, this is while Ukraine, who is hardly much of a coward in this canon, is huddled on his arm and shaking like a leaf, even if she still finds it more haunting than purely terrifying - according to Poland "Can tell a damn good tale to chill the nerves", very much enjoys the fact that he was chosen as Hannibal Lecter's homeland (though this may also have to do with the fact that he got noticed), and has come to humor the fact that he has one of the highest suicide rates in the world. He also happily recalls that time he literally cooked a Teutonic Knight alive in his armor (then again a lot of nations seem weirdly accepting and at peace with the fact that they were more naive and alright with doing some very brutal things as children, including and especially the usually sweet-natured Nordics). Also despite the trauma of the Soviet Union, the pain of which was very much genuine and real, he thinks the idea of a genuine KGB experience camp is something he wants to share. He doesn’t even realize how weird it is until Poland points it out (pending). He’s also shown to like snakes (albeit grass snakes) due to their old association with life and rebirth in his youth, and as a child Belarus by keeping one under their bed for good fortune, also having found the idea of a colony crawling under his house to be a comforting idea.
  • And then there’s Latvia. Despite seeming to be merely a somewhat rough around the edges, if sort of shy mix between a streetwise, brawl-loving kid and country bumpkin, like his canon self he has occasional moments of weird behavior or creepy statements; including working at a hotel where he gets to act as an abusive Nazi prison warden and apparently liking abandoned, dilapidated buildings. He’s also even more partial to snakes than Lithuania is, still keeping one by his fireplace as an animal companion which he feeds milk to like a cartoon cat; don’t visit his residence if you’re afraid of snakes, since he also has it loose in his house.
  • Finland. The forerunner to Santa Claus in his country consisted of him dressing up in a terrifying costume and going around demanding food and booze for one (while it was supposed to scare away unwelcome spirits, he also apparently just enjoyed scaring the life out of poor Åland), loves death metal, had a childhood hobby of making knives, still came up with the bizarre "Blood-covered Floweregg" name for their dog, and while it's never elaborated on, he once caused Åland to cry once when he showed her something he drew. Though his interests also include cute things like Moomins (he even has a giant plushie on his bed).
  • Romania at times can be really unsettling as well. For one, his folklore isn’t just vampires, and has tons of other terrifying creatures. He also sees Vlad the Impaler as a hero, despite the absolutely horrific way he killed people, even in modern times, which along with his Legacy of the Weltkrieg incarnation, a psychotic warmonger often drawn with a bloody meathook, gives the impression that he hasn’t gotten over his bloodthirstiness and is a bit too fond of violence.
  • According to Haiti, zombies are "fascinating creatures, once you get to know them!". Though it's heavily implied that he was deliberately playing it up to creep America out. (pending)
  • Imperial China clearly had a fetish for bound feet; which, if anyone has never seem them, look pretty twisted and grotesque when bare. This is also one of the things that none of his tributary states ever adopted, who as shown specifically in a few gags with Vietnam and Ryukyu are pretty grossed out or confused with his fascination with it. Modern China shows no such tendencies, though probably merely because he hasn't seen one in years.
    China: You'll look very pleasing with them!
    Vietnam: I'm sorry... How?!
  • As implied a few times already, nations, particularly those born before the early modern era, can tend to be this to some extent in childhood; there's not only their attitude towards violence, but while some might be afraid of the Fair Folk or other such creatures (where they're treated like monsters under the bed and the sort), others like Iceland seem to accept or even delight in their presence.
  • No Hugging, No Kissing: Not exactly, as romance does exist in the series. Especially in the non-canon stories involving Nyotalia characters. However, in Alt-canon itself, not only is it pretty rare, but nation instincts make it so that it’s basically enforced, and it's extremely hard for nations to fall in love, much more so mutually, so much so that for certain characters (e.g. Prussia, Iceland), pairing them off with a character who makes sense is virtually impossible without engaging in incest. The series is often inherently hostile to romance development, so the rare romance that exists is pretty notable (and shipping being ubiquitous in human spinoff series like EC x AT can be a bit jarring as a result). The author has also preemptively denounced the shipping of certain characters like ISIS or nationverse North Korea (unless the latter is being shipped after unification) “for the sake of common decency”.
  • No Sense of Humor: Not Germany, actually, at least not entirely; his sense of humor exists, it’s just not that prominent, the stuff he finds funny usually doesn’t translate well or is surprisingly immature, and he isn’t a jokey person in general. In fact, he apparently finds the “Dinner for Two” comedy skit so hilarious that he watches it every year despite the fact he knows every single beat of it. However, Prussia on the other hand does indeed barely have one. In more lighthearted scenes, he often comes across as The Comically Serious, responding to England’s wit or Cologne’s jabs at his expense with only the most straightforward, dead-serious responses, in great contrast to his wild canon counterpart.
  • Odd Friendship: Turkey and South Korea, surprisingly. The former is a jolly, burly-looking, Rated M for Manly man who looks to be in his early 30s and is chronologically almost a millennia old, and the latter is a fashion-conscious, often anxious youthful-looking young nation who is literally across the continent from the former, but the former is still probably the closest friend South Korea has besides America and possibly Australia. As featured in a prompt on the author’s profile (the second drabble for “Candy”, about Turkey giving a scared South Korea a turkish delight), these two meet during the Korean War, and Turkey apparently felt especially sympathetic towards the poor, confused kid. And indeed, the two countries are surprisingly close in real life, making this Truth in Television much like a lot of things in the fic. In Evillious Chronicles x Hetalia the author states outright that in the Lust arc (which stars Elif, Turkey’s Nyotalia counterpart) Yong-Soo or his female counterpart definitely plays a major role in the story, even if he doesn’t show up in the fic itself. Similarly goes with Turkey and Japan as well, though that one is stronger from Turkey’s side than it is from Japan’s.
    • Turkey seems to pick up friends on the battlefield, as he and Australia are also very close; while their personalities aren’t as diametrically opposed as Turkey is with, say, South Korea, not only is Australia still physically 10 years younger than him and chronologically basically a baby next to him, but they have the distinction of having met and befriended each other on the battlefield as enemies. Turkey is also the first friend Australia makes outside of his family, and as at this point all of England’s children are under the mentality that their family is the best and that all who aren’t British are somehow lesser, this serves as a vital part of his Character Development.
    • Russia and Greece. The former a grim, somewhat paranoid man, especially towards “western influence”, the latter is a Hot-Blooded Large Ham whose family essentially wrote the book on what “western” culture was, or at least what it was based on, is an EU member, and a NATO member. He’s basically the only one in the EU who isn’t at least skeptical of Russia, though he does question his choices, and what brings them together is their Orthodox faith, despite the fact that Russia shunned religion for several decades.
    • Russia has another one with India; while their relationship isn’t extremely close, and they have almost nothing in common, they clearly trust each other quite a bit, which for Russia means quite a lot.
    • The Netherlands and Canada, in many ways. For one, they’re an actual ocean apart, and they barely knew each other before World War II. While politically they aren’t too diametrically opposed, personality-wise Canada tends to be really polite, apologizing a lot and tending more towards passive-aggressive behavior if he has a gripe with someone, which usually annoys the blunt, loud-mouthed Netherlands. However, ever since the war they’ve been almost if not actual Heterosexual Life-Partners, and their distance hasn’t caused them to drift apart at all. The Netherlands even makes a special tulip variant for Canada’s 150th birthday! (Which yes, did indeed happen)
    • The Netherlands is also pretty close with Denmark, who in this canon has a bit of a similar temperament to Canada. Maybe being such an active international participant and dealing with his sister has made him able to cope with people who engage in what he perceives as dishonest behavior better.
    • Starting from the late 18th Century to the early 20th Century (though it was more on and off from the late Victorian Era onwards), England and Switzerland. The former is polite, a Quintessential British Gentleman who tends not to be very direct, is an expert at deception, highly values the concept of respectability and reputation, and is also the most powerful empire in the world, while the latter is a blunt, unrefined, stubborn, impoverished mountain boy and country mouse who has no patience for elaborate social conventions.
      • Or Austria and Switzerland for that matter, the former being way more aristocratic, amicable, easygoing, polite, and cultured than the latter. They didn't even get along well for most of their history, but after WWII Austria finds himself befriending his relative after a long life of spats or no contact.
  • Of Corsets Sexy: While modest by modern standards, the outfits of western women, which Peter the Great’s reforms made obligatory for his women, are noted to be much more form-fitting than what Russia is used to, in addition to pushing up the breasts, much to his shock. In Bons Baisers De Russie in particular, he gets noticeably flustered when he first gets a good look at Marianne.
  • Official Couple: Pretty rare in-series for a series with Loads and Loads of Characters, and unlike in canon Hetalia couples which aren’t explicitly couples rarely have scenes that imply sexual tension (probably largely owing to the author’s slash-aversion), Poland and Hungary aside.
    • There are some who are simply there to conceive a character and barely get mentioned otherwise. Frankish Empire and Gallia (the parents of France, the former the sole parent of Holy Rome) are lucky enough to get fleshed out a bit more, mostly the former, though their relationship isn’t exactly the most healthy thing ever.
    • Lithuania and Belarus during the Grand Duchy era (Pending). It’s also definitely one of the most prominent.
    • Poland and Ukraine during the late 16th to very early 17th century. Sort of.
    • Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece. Their relationship development is even elaborated on a bit more.
  • The Other Darrin: Sometimes, UTAU voicebanks that sound similar to the original canon character, but just different enough to fit their new characterizations are used in lieu of the original voices (e.g. Taiwan is played by Gahata Meiji, Sweden is played by Arashine Yoru, who happens to sound like a higher-pitched, more friendly version of canon Sweden, and Greece is played by Rouon Aro), or, more rarely, may be completely changed.
  • Papa Wolf: Prussia may be strict towards Germany, if not borderline abusive, but try to hurt him or get in his way, he will show absolutely no mercy towards you.
  • Parental Abandonment: Both enforced and at times inverted, if that is somehow possible. It is entirely possible for a nation to just poof into existence with no parents whatsoever, and in fact it is quite common, and while it is possible for a nation to have parents, having one parent who doesn't just disappear before they can remember anything, much less two, is more the exception than the rule. However, many characters who had "sibling" relationships in canon (which are extremely common, to the point the author has mocked it as "brother-spamming") are changed to parental ones, e.g. England to his settler colonies, Prussia to Germany.
  • The Perfectionist: South Korea. And how. From his looks to his intelligence to resolving problems, he wants everything to be perfect. He can be harsh in judging others, but he holds himself to the same high standards, if not higher. If something doesn’t go exactly as planned or his makeup runs even slightly at an important moment he straight-up panics, and if he feels that proper justice hasn’t been achieved he won’t back down even if that would be objectively more beneficial to him. Of course, this is a major contributor to his stress levels. A lot of this can probably be chalked up to his youth as a country relative to everyone else and having to prove himself as a prosperous nation separate from his brother or his way more famous neighbors making him overcompensate, and his want to be worthy of his father’s name, mixed with the Korean family trait of being stubborn as all hell.
  • Phoneaholic Teenager: Not a teenager, but an otherwise young person (said to be physically about 20 to 21), and a rare male example, Kenya is often depicted with if not on his TECNO smartphone. Many of the African countries are actually shown being pretty phone-savvy, often due to the things doubling as cheaper, idiot-proof computers and the prominence of online transaction apps, but Kenya is particularly notable; and he’s also the type of person to wait overnight in line whenever a new phone is about to come out. It especially helps conveying his impatience.
  • Platonic Life-Partners: Poland and Hungary... Or are they? They say that they're this, and that's the official explanation, but some in-universe can only speculate. They're extremely close that no one would be surprised if they actually were dating.
  • Powerful People Are Subs: According to Word of God, Germany/Ludwig is actually a bottom and even at least a bit of a masochist, as due to, on top of his already canonical apparent bondage fetish which is kept in this canon, his nationalism receptors being numbed, he doesn't like ruling or lording over others anymore, but his serious and reliable personality (and large population and economy) has made sure that he's unintentionally become the leader of Europe, making others accuse him of trying to gain leadership again, which of course tends to hurt him quite a bit; and before that point, he was basically raised to be domineering and merciless. Due to this, he apparently likes giving his theoretical partner full control and trust. Though this is only shown in practice in the romance route of The Key to Zorn, a human AU, where Marianne initiates the kiss, pins him onto the bed, and the narration states that "And, for the first time in what seemed like forever, Ludwig fully gave himself to another"; as if to make it more clear, Marianne later jokes "To think that you were such an adorable little puppy last night!". Though the author has also half-joked that due to her, erm, preferences, she kind of likes to think that all adult male characters she writes that she finds attractive are actually bottoms.
    • The final scene of the Tumblr-release Bons Baisers De Russie is a Dream Sequence of Ivan's in which Ivan (who is, once again, Russia), is being pinned against a wall by Marianne before she embraces and makes out with him, saying that she'll "teach him more things you don't know". He also comes across as a bit of a masochist due to how snotty Marianne acts regarding him initially.
  • Promotion To Love Interest:
    • Lithuania and Belarus actually get married in this universe after the latter is absorbed into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Pending), and ironically they’re probably one of the healthier couples during their first marriage, especially initially, despite essentially getting together as children (though this being Alt-talia, things did go sour quite a few times). Their marriage lasts pretty long too.
    • (Pending) Poland and Ukraine. For a short while at least; they were married and paralleled the aforementioned Lithuania and Belarus in the Commonwealth, though it’s given less attention than the above two, it’s somewhat less healthy, and Poland’s massive ego made sure that any feelings Ukraine had wore off by the 17th century, to the point she starts a vengeful rebellion.
    • Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece/Hellas. While it’s extremely likely that the two at least had sex in canon due to Rome being Rome, here Hellas is clearly Rome’s favorite from the start, as much as he doesn’t want to admit it for a very long while, and they even conceive a son together who would eventually become Eastern Rome. Though it’s never explicitly stated they’re married, Rome calls her his wife if any humans ask, and they often act like they’re married.
    • Inverted with Austria and Hungary; while they do still indeed get married, here’s it’s made clear there’s no romance involved whatsoever, a purely political arranged marriage that ironically enough is more to separate the two than bring them together. Hungary makes it extremely clear that she’s only doing this for her autonomy, though by the end they do respect each other on a purely platonic level. Inverted for all male characters who used to be “married” as well, though these were all political marriages in the first place.
    • Also inverted with Czechia and Slovakia, who are now twins instead of a former couple, their time as Czechoslovakia simply making them “Union Siblings” on top of regular siblings.
  • Quintessential British Gentleman: In contrast to canon, though he only truly started acting like this towards the mid-1700s (in fact as a teenager he was apparently known to be rather emotional), fully adopting it in the Victorian era to fit his Imperial image until it fully stuck, this and Stiff Upper Lip is the personality England in this canon is most associated with and that he is most often depicted with (especially in human AU; almost every single time he appears in EC x Alt-talia he has this personality). However, “chav mode” and this apparently starting to flake off since the death of Princess Diana and the complete loss of his empire heavily imply that this was indeed still a well-cultivated persona.
  • Real Men Wear Pink: Finland here is a bit of an inverse of his canon counterpart; while small-framed, he is a rough-haired, heavy metal-loving, rugged, stoic, hard-drinking, uncomplicated, practical Determinator who has a way with knives. However, he also has a lot of Moomin plushies in his bedroom, knits, can be straight-up motherly towards children (human ones at least), and apparently likes interior design (albeit he’s carving the stuff in question).
  • Red Oni, Blue Oni: Most literally with the Korea twins; as Egg-Nations, Yong (South), the cowardly, timid twin, wore blue clothing, while Hyun (North), the more daring, hot-headed one, wore red clothing. In modern day they still have this dynamic, with North being way more blatantly controlled by his emotions and easy to anger, and being generally depicted smiling, while South at least tries to present himself as more logical, is more practically-minded, and cynical, and is generally depicted frowning. This is in great contrast to how their dynamic is perceived in Fanon for the canon series, as South is an Annoying Younger Sibling there, and thus North is thought to be the opposite and more disciplined as part of the whole “oppressive militaristic regime” shtick.
    • America, the Boisterous Bruiser optimist with Chronic Hero Syndrome, and England, the unflappable Quintessential British Gentleman who can seemingly brush off anything with snark and understatement, is probably one of the most major examples. Or America with the polite, calm, but somewhat snobby Canada. Or his rival during the Cold War, the grim-faced, cold, but at times philosophical Russia, ironically as they’re always represented with the opposite color scheme when visually depicted together. Though the latter is also shown to be quite hot-headed in his own right. His relations with Japan and South Korea display this type of dynamic extremely clearly as well.
    • England with Scotland. Or Ireland. Or England with... most of his consistently major relations (the aforementioned America, Australia, Wales, Portugal, India, most of his other former colonies, even France to an extent...) for that matter, him being the epitome of Stiff Upper Lip he is, at least past the late 1700s. He also just happens to be represented by red more often than other colors, especially in contrast to Scotland who is always represented by blue, and France is also associated with blue often, especially during royal rule.
    • Russia (Blue) and Serbia’s (Red) dynamic is effectively this. Russia is also Blue to the way more energetic, loud, fast-talking modern China (Red).
    • Netherlands and Belgium; but despite canon and what their flag color schemes may suggest, the former is red and latter blue. A common thread is Netherlands being a loose cannon, and Belgium silently glaring at him before she elbows him or kicks him under the table.
    • Netherlands and the aforementioned Canada as well.
  • Running Gag: Despite being primarily dramatic, there’s a few of these running throughout the stories.
    • Especially when part of a crowd of other EU members, The Netherlands blurting out either what everyone is too afraid to say or just something extremely blunt, before getting cut off by a sharp "Be Quiet!" Nudge from Belgium. Other characters (e.g. America, Poland, the Baltics, occasionally even Germany) also have this happen to them, but with the Netherlands it’s the most common.
    • Italy’s general clumsiness and fumbling with something thrust into his arms.
    • Switzerland mistaking Liechtenstein for a canton of his. Especially notable due to how much of a Knight Templar Big Brother he is in canon.
  • Russian Guy Suffers Most: Russia, of course, possibly one of the more troubled characters in a cast that is already a massive Dysfunction Junction. While most of not all nations didn’t have it easy growing up, his is particularly notable with how recurring it is that his rulers phiysically abuse him; to the point that it can be casually mentioned that he’s being struck, battered, and kicked as if it’s no big deal, and even for a nation his pain tolerance is almost 19-20th century England levels if not more absurdly high. He also believes that Suffering Builds Character, as a result of the teachings of the church, so it's kind of a self-fulfilling thing as well. Though unlike in canon where he becomes a Stepford Smiler, here he becomes hardened, cynical, and a Perpetual Frowner, his character having a strong angsty flavor with tons of sometimes unjustified paranoia.
  • Savvy Guy, Energetic Girl: Gender inverted, and inverted from canon, is a platonic example; the loudmouthed, extremely opinionated, brutally honest Netherlands, and the more reserved, poised, more phlegmatic Belgium. The former is often described as arrogant despite his tolerant reputation (to which he usually responds along the lines of "What? Why don't you state your opinion then?"; his general life philosophy can basically be described as "Everyone has the right to shout their opinion at the top of their lungs."), while the latter is sometimes called "boring" (something she wouldn't disagree with), though she seems to have her head in the clouds at times. Belgium also lacks in nationalism and has always been more willing to make concessions to others, though if it comes to her independence she’s willing to fight for it. In all official art of them in casual attire and when they are described in the prose, the former wears bright, eye-catching colors and sharp fashion (making him resemble early fanon more), while Belgium wears more neutral, muted browns or greys.
  • Screw This, I'm Outta Here!: In contrast to canon, in WWII Italy only really allied with Germany because they had goals that didn't get in each others' way and that could possibly benefit each other, and even then he wasn't exactly gung-ho about it; he's the only one of the big three in the Axis who realizes that the war is pointless, Mussolini is an idiot, and that Germany and Japan are idiots for thinking they have any chance whatsoever and thinking they're on some grand mission, and gets the hell out as soon as he can. Germany tries to force him to stay in a... pretty unsettling way. The rest of his family pretty much has the same idea, Sicily and Neapolitano/Lavinio being the first to jump ship before anyone.
    • Russia in WWI throws two revolutions and cedes much of his associates just to get out of it. ...Only to trigger another war.
    • The Brexit saga not only began with England basically saying this to the rest of Europe, but ironically ultimately turns into a a revolving door of this for every one of his Prime Ministers until Boris Johnson finally goes “Fuck it” and attempts to force this.
    • Poor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, finally has enough at the end of his reign and abdicates, all but saying this word for word.
  • Seldom-Seen Species: Or rather, dog breed; Hanatamago, originally an ambiguous fluffy dog, is now depicted as a Lapphund named Blommägg (which is basically the same thing but in Swedish).
    • European bison are mentioned by members of the PLC a few times and are hunted by them; Belarus even sort of bonds with one in modern day.
    • Specific horse breeds are also sometimes depicted:
      • Lithuania’s first horse, the one which has been by his side since he fought the Teutonic Knights in early childhood and even to this day (pending), is a Žemaitukas.
      • Prussia’s horse is described as a black Trakehner; it's apparently also a descendant of a horse he captured from Lithuania.
  • Sex Is Evil, and I Am Horny: It's shown that North Korea sees lust and pornography as inherently bad; however, being very repressed and physically 17, he finds himself grabbing contraband black market porn anyway, describing it as "vulgar" and "licentious", and showing great shame over a natural emotion.
    • Of course, shows up in pre-modern Europe stories at times as well. In Bons Baisers De Russie, Russia initially has this reaction towards her. Eventually, however, he realizes that what he's feeling is also genuine love.
  • Sharp-Dressed Man: One thing illustrating how different of a character this version of Italy is from the canon.
version is the fact that his appearance is not only somewhat more toned than in canon, but his wardrobe is pretty much always unrelentingly sharp; in art he’s often depicted with a dressshirt with the top buttons unbuttoned with a pair of Cool Shades hanging from it or a custom snazzy suit, usually with white or khaki trousers. It’s also been joked by the author that he can still pull off the 50s fedora look in modern day and look cool. However, he’s also shown tripping and fumbling while wearing said outfits half the time, which sort of counterbalances the effect.
  • Shameless Fanservice Boy: Even during the 18th century Sweden (as well as Finland and Åland) find nothing strange about mixed bathing, or people seeing them bathing, much to a visitor's bafflement.
    • The Nordics in general are more loose on the nudity taboo (though all of them are far from sexually oblivious), but Iceland is probably the best example out of all of them. He thinks absolutely nothing of stripping in front of someone he doesn't know, even in public, and has no idea why anyone would find that strange. But combined with the fact that he's anything but sexually oblivious and also sees nothing wrong with Everyone Has Lots of Sex, he's also a great example in other senses of the term; this and his general lack of skeletons in his closet may also be why he has a disproportionate amount depictions in art and songs of him in a more moe fanservice-y way, or even straight-up fanservice, than others.
  • Ship Sinking: The author has made no secret of the fact she dislikes the fact that shipping is such a major part of mainstream Hetalia fandom; for such a massive cast, shipping is exceedingly rare and Alt-talia’s approach to romance and sexual tension is basically the reverse of canon (almost nonexistent, to the point that nations could almost be described as situationally aromantic)... and she also apparently enjoys nuking ships she particularly doesn’t like out of orbit (most notably GerIta, AusHun, and LietPol, as well as how casually brushed off Spamano and PruHun are).
    • Another notable example for being explicitly canon from one side at least in canon is the torpedoing of SuFin. While their modern relationship isn’t bad per se, Sweden is nowhere near as attached to Finland as he is in canon, seeing him like a bit of a redneck little brother. Sweden in this canon basically raised Finland after all, something which also torpedoes the notion of their relationship even having had the potential to go anything further than platonic during the Empire era (unless one is going to call Sweden a pedo without any evidence).
  • Shown Their Work
  • Sibling Rivalry: Due to the nature of the series, a lot of sibling rivalries are less playful jabbing and ribbing and more horrific, drawn-out blood feuds. Even many which are currently more innocent sibling rivalries are likely to have been so at some point.
    • India and Pakistan do not get along whatsoever. Out of their seven decades or so of independence they’ve managed to go to war four times and built nukes basically solely to point at each other. Unfortunately for Pakistan however, India also happens to be much stronger than him and has defeated him all four times, and due to his creation being literally rushed his survival has depended on stuff like destabilizing Afghanistan and housing terrorists. Things which have led to the pretty impressive feat of making not only Russia, but America, France, basically most of Europe who care, Iran, Israel, and Japan back the same country, that country unfortunately being his hated brother. And Pakistan has no friends of any note except for maybe China, who's only using him for his oil and harbor. His young age can make one feel sorry for him at times, though he’s also the reason why Bangladesh can barely read anymore, and he still houses terrorists.
  • Sibling Yin-Yang: Aside from the ones mentioned under Red Oni, Blue Oni:
    • Ukraine and Belarus; in this canon, while both are women who don’t smile much, Ukraine is the more rebellious, passionate, strong-willed idealist of the two sisters, preferring freedom and independence over order and stability, having a strong sense of self. Or rather, she sees her brother as someone who has been a magnet of misfortune for her, resents the fact that geopolitically she’s effectively a meatshield, and believes that distancing herself from him would entail more safety and stability in the long run. Meanwhile Belarus is sweet but passive, appears almost emotionless, preferring safety and stability over freedom and independence, as she doesn't think that she can change anything anyway, sticking with Russia both out of familial respect despite his at times unhealthy behavior and just in order to survive. Ukraine is fascinated by Europe and its promises and has traveled outside her land, but is way more likely to take extreme, almost irrational measures due to her passionate personality, while Belarus generally keeps to herself and tends to be afraid of change or any risk. Of course, this plays a major role in their modern dynamic, though it goes further back, with a similar dynamic being seen in the PLC era as well, even if Belarus isn't the super hopeless downer she is in modern day there.
    • Hong Kong and Macau form a similar duo, the former being the rebellious, independent one and the latter the one favoring stability and prosperity. While Hong Kong values democracy and his right to be heard and is willing to fight to get it, Macau doesn't mind as long as the gambling money keeps coming in. Macau basically grows up crime-stricken and struggling, never really coming to think of himself as a distinct entity, and as such unlike most of the cast he's easily driven by money at the expense of personal pride, and in fact sees Hong Kong as in stupid teenage rebellion for the sake of rebellion. This naturally frustrates Hong Kong, who sees him as a sycophant with no will of his own, to no end, and after China starts using Macau to convince him he basically shuts him out completely.
  • Silver Fox: Venice is depicted as one of these in modern day, still having a good deal of Cultural Charisma despite not even being a country anymore.
  • Slapstick Knows No Gender: In more humorous entries, slapstick is sometimes used. One of the most common targets is Philippines, a girl.
  • Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism: Unlike the author's other works, this sits at least somewhat more on the cynical side of things, or at least more cynical than her Pokémon or Super Smash Bros. works which often run on The Power of Friendship, though it can vary by character arc and what time period is being covered. It could also be argued that in a way it is in fact dark but idealistic, as the story tries to make it clear that often, even some of the most reprehensible things are done for each's own "utopia", in the cases of nation a "utopia" for their own people, not just themselves; on the other hand, nations are usually inherently selfish and want to spread their influence by instinct. It could just be argued that the story just covers the real world as it is without really being either.
    • The Cold War arc just happens to be a perfect clash between not just economic philosophies, but also the two ends of this scale: America (The Idealist) and Russia/the USSR (The Cynic). The latter has a bit of an odd cynicism though in that there is still some idealism mixed with it, probably best described in the "Justice Breaker" cover.
  • Solo Duet: It isn't uncommon for Prussia and Germany (the former whom just has a higher-pitched version of the latter's voice) or the Korea twins (North having a voice an octave lower than South's) to share a song, making their covers these in a meta sense, though not in-universe.
  • Suddenly Voiced: All characters who have no voice because they never appeared in the anime get voices by being assigned UTAUs.
  • Synthetic Voice Actor: The only "voices" characters have are portrayed with UTAUs.
  • Talking to Himself: Indirectly. Prussia's voice in the UTAU covers is simply a pitched-up version of Germany's voice, which just happens to sound a lot like Prussia's canon voice without the delinquent-ish inflections, leaving a voice that sounds like canon Prussia but harsh, disciplined, and whip-like. The Korea twins are also played by the same UTAU, North Korea just has a voice that is an octave lower.
  • Teacher/Student Romance: In the pre-release Bons Baisers De Russie, with Russia’s feelings for Female!France starting when she was his tutor for a few decades. She also later assists him to get his economy up to speed, making them fall into something of a teacher-student dynamic again. She never returns his feelings though.
  • Team Dad: Germany de facto acts like this in the EU... despite the fact that he's literally the youngest nation in the group.
  • Token Adult: Other World Kingdom, much to her dismay, discovers that she's the only adult-bodied micronation upon meeting the others. Due to her... unique status as basically a BDSM sex resort, her citizenship laws, and the author's own morals, she's physically 18, while every other micronation is 12 at most, and understandably she feels extremely weird hanging around what are basically a bunch of kids with overactive imaginations.
  • Token Good Teammate: Well, not so much “good”, but still less awful definitely; Italy among the Axis Powers. Sure, he readily becomes a Fascist, and is in fact the first to do so, and he definitely wasn’t innocent in the war or the lead up to it, with no shortage of him being a pure Jerkass (e.g. using poison gas on Ethiopia and massacring his civilians, and proceeding to be a massive racist Jerkass about it after he wins the war, being complicit in Blackshirts torturing “Socialists, traitors, and fags”, intervening in the Spanish Civil War, pretty much everything about the Disproportionate Retribution in Slovenia). But it’s all but stated that Italy agreed with it mostly because he thought it was a solution to the decades of struggle over his identity and unity he had dealt with since birth, for his family to stop fighting and for him to finally become powerful and respected instead of a laughingstock among Great Powers. And even then, despite all this he realizes that it wasn’t worth it in the end and is the only one of the three to jump ship. Not to mention he’s reluctant to turn in Jews, and he generally comes across as at least slightly normal and isn’t as bloodthirsty as Germany and Japan, who by this point are borderline if not actually psychotic. While all three of the Axis are portrayed to be pathetic and pitiful instead of pure evil in the end, the patheticness in Italy is extremely strong from the start (and even lessens as the war goes on, in contrast to the other two).
  • Trademark Favorite Food: Naturally, the cast tends to really love their stereotypical/national dishes. While these are by no means the only things they're seen eating, and they often have many other regional dishes they have a fondness for, some are given more note as favorites than others, or dishes that they especially love:
    • America, unsurprisingly, absolutely loves burgers (as well as fries, Coca-Cola and root bear). Though it’s actually explained that this at least started because they’re decent-tasting, cheap meals that can easily be taken to work. He also gets another one of these; apple pie, which in fact was his Trademark Favorite Food in every sense of the word from the 19th century until the explosion of the fast food industry, and even then it remained his one true favorite food for a while.
      • For his states, there's avocado toast and oranges (California), cheese (Wisconsin), peaches (Georgia), sweet tea and peanuts (the entire southeast), coffee (Washington), oranges (Florida), pretzels (Pennsylvania), pork rolls (New Jersey), chili and tex-mex (Texas), bourbon (Kentucky), clam chowder (Massachusetts), and SPAM (Hawaii).
    • Canada: Maple syrup. And most of his provinces agree on it too. In fact, according to Canada, it goes with everything. He also apparently visits Tim Hortons at least once every week minimum, and he and Quebec are fond of poutine. It's also shown that Canada and America have Mac and Cheese/Kraft Dinner basically half the times they visit each other. Despite him often chastising America for his eating habit he's probably no better.
    • For whatever reason, anyone who speaks German also seems to be extremely fond of chocolate (alongside the obvious beer). Switzerland especially apparently carries about three Toblerone bars, at least, with him at all times, but it’s also a recurring thing with both Ludwig and Lutz in The Key to Zorn, and one of the first indicators they're Not So Different.
    • Prussia also apparently is fond of marzipan (particularly of the Königsberg variety) quite a bit. In fact, in one one-off compilation Prussia actually gets extremely pissed at Brandenburg for getting into his marzipan, and in another a young Germany gives him chocolate-filled marzipan as a Father’s Day gift.
    • England: Tea with crumpets and scones, roast beef, and tikka masala. Regarding roast beef in particular, he was for the longest time a strong believer in Real Men Eat Meat and generally tended to favor simple red meat, of which roast beef was the most representative; he literally has an entire song about roast beef, made to mock France (because of course) for being too much of a pussy to eat "real" meat. No, seriously. He's also not as bad a Lethal Chef regarding meat dishes, so he makes some of this himself; he's just a bit of an One Note Chef, and making tikka masala is basically the only thing that is more complex than "cook the meat" that he is good at (and that is after India taught him how to make curry).
    • Scotland: Haggis, deep-fried Mars Bars, and whiskey.
    • Dutch speakers also seem to be fond of waffles. Belgium in particular also loves fries, mussels, and chocolate, and the Netherlands is fond of cheese and herring.
    • France, while having a very developed palette for obvious reasons, is said to generally like cheese.
    • Italy: Pasta, obviously, though there's many variations of it.
    • Poland: Pierogis. Pierogis for days. So much he actually has a saint dedicated to them.
    • Latvia, Belarus, and Ireland: Potatoes. They put it in everything.
      • Latvia and Finland, especially Latvia, are also shown to be extremely fond of ice cream.
    • Ukraine: Salo, which is literally pork fat. According to Belarus, if she were human she’d probably be dead via heart attack several times over.
    • Finland: Salted licorice; while the other Nordics are also very fond of it, he has several massive stashes of it in both his cupboard and his room. And while basically the entire Nordic region is very fond of black coffee, he especially loves the stuff, to the point that his addiction to alcohol is only rivaled by his coffee addiction.
    • Denmark: Hotdogs with remoulade. Also danishes, obviously, but he’s extremely fond of hot dogs with the remoulade, most of which he makes himself.
    • The Korea twins are both fond of kimchi, but North has two food items much more associated with him; Korean noodles and Lotte Choco-Pies. Especially Choco-Pies. It has been said that upon reunification the author imagines he'd be gifted Choco-Pies as a welcome gift and that he would probably buy up an entire shelf of the things if he had the money and access to it (and eat it in like a week).
  • Trauma Conga Line: The Century of Humiliation for China is exactly what it sounds like. It was so horribly traumatic for him it continues to affect his decisions.
    • Can basically be described as the story of large swathes of Russia's life.
    • While most former African colonies haven't really had an easy life, with in many cases their very existence owing to a bunch of unwilling groups of people groups being figuratively stitched together haphazardly, the Democratic Republic of Congo's life has been so utterly horrible that it almost wraps around to being darkly funny.
(More to be added)
  • Almost everyone has gone through one of these at some point it seems, especially in Europe and Africa.
  • Troubling Unchildlike Behavior: Pretty much standard behavior for most child nations; especially those born in the middle ages or before, or some colonial nations, which were likely to have pretty much been born into a baptism of fire. They're able to fight as soon as they can hold a weapon, basically half of their purpose is war, and get involved in political things as well, pretty much being born with the ability to comprehend complex concepts. The result is the physically 6-year-old Denmark and a bunch of other men slaughtering an entire monastery without batting an eye, Austrasia (HRE) and Neustria (France) are constantly in bloody conflict from when they're barely physically 6 or 7 years or so years old, 7 to 10 year olds going on crusades, said 7 to 10 year olds suggesting brutal medieval torture methods casually... and that's just Europe (and note, even for the era such things are very odd; in England at least, 7 was the minimum age a squire could be. In training). And in the case of Middle Ages Europe, they constantly went to war, as their will is almost entirely controlled by their king, with maybe some influence from the nobility. In fact, it's pretty much stated that for many a nation's physical age doesn't affect how they treat them. Unlike humans, nation childhood is hardly synonymous with innocence, and in one pre-release story on the writer's Tumblr ("Child of the Soil", of the "Mystical Creatures" compilation) it's explained that childhood is not necessarily any more important or formative to nations than any other era (particularly for those born pre-nationalism). Though they can and often do act a lot like how elementary school children would (even if it is older for those who look to be 6 or so years old), probably a holdover from the fact that the author writes Pokémon fics as well where most of the characters are 11, which can make it all the more disturbing. This is pretty much the reason why nations are born as toddlers at the youngest, as much like deer they have to be able to get up and fight very quickly to survive.
    • However, there are two groups that have many exceptions to this; Micronations, particularly the "quirky" ones like Sealand, Molossia, or Aerica (as opposed to the explicitly anarchic ones, who might act more like edgy teenagers instead, some like Christiania casually using drugs. Though Sealand does have shades of being anarchic, he usually doesn't take it this far. He's genuinely confused and horrified when learning that he's been used as part of a criminal identity theft ring without knowing it), and egg-nations, who all act decidedly like little children as their appearances suggest. Which make them being thrust into nationhood usually traumatic. Japan also exploits the innocence of egg nations by trying to brainwash Hyun and Yong-Soo, though the former already is starting to show nation-like behavior.
    • Those born in more modern times like Germany and Italy also seem much more innocent than their counterparts of similar physical age in earlier eras, though as if to make up for it the above two especially are forced to grow up quickly by nation standards, quite literally; even many of the African colonies come off as initially innocent... but that immediately gets thrown into a furnace. Though this doesn't mean that child nations can't do horrible things. Italy's first war, for example, was when he was 5 years old. Not physically, chronologically. Also let it be known that 11-year-old looking Kosovo saw conducting genocide on Serbs as necessary for the greater good (even if Serbia did the same). Prussia even goes out of his way to enforce this on Germany.
    • Also present with other behaviors; for nations, it is safe to start drinking at any age. And we do mean at any age. Once again, Finland was a lifelong alcoholic by the physical age of 12, and Russia was one since childhood as well, and he says that he's been one since he could remember.
  • Tsundere: Ancient Rome, hilariously, is basically this regarding Hellas. He actually genuinely says "It's not like I like her gods damn it!" at one point.
  • Under the Mistletoe: The tendency of shippers from English-speaking countries to make their favorite ship do this is unsubtly mocked, much like other We All Live in America tropes, in the pre-release, non-canon fic “Oh, No, The Mistletoe!”, where a female America tries to get people at her party to kiss, but instead gets a lot of confused and angry looks from the partygoers who are unaware of the tradition, and (female) England getting jabs at the expense of her parenting skills, with one unnamed character even pointing out that it “sounds like assault”. Though Portugal and England do kiss in a bonus scene after. Though western writers aren’t the only one mocked for their narrow-scope tropes regarding Christmas, as in the same compilation (“A Very American Christmas”), America has absolutely no idea what Japan is talking about when Japan starts lamenting his lack of a date, in one of a few other notable cases of the author noting Japanese Christmas’s emphasis on romance.
  • Weapon of Choice: Many characters have mastered several weapon types over the years, but some favor a certain weapon. England’s was the longbow when he was younger, along with Wales, complete with Improbable Aiming Skills; England’s signature weapon is also kept as the longbow even in spinoff works whenever possible.
    • Mongol Empire and all her descendants are also great snipers. Thanks to her heritage, Lipka basically becomes the Commonwealth’s sniper due to her incredible aiming skills.
    • Japan, of course, has his katana; even in WWII he carries it around instead of the cheap, military-issue swords all the normal soldiers use... and he does some horrific things using it. However, he locks it into a display case after the war to symbolize him abandoning militarism.
    • Joeson/Korea’s signature weapon is also a bow, a specially made type that was his greatest secret (as much as he loved showing it and his Improbable Aiming Skills off to others, sometimes getting scolded for doing so). The weapons his children are good at in childhood also reflect their personalities, with Yong mastering the bow like his father, and Hyun using a sword. Even in modern day, South Korea is shown to still be a really good archer (and his Olympic records attest to that), though he obviously doesn’t use it in actual combat.
    • Russia’s Kalashnikov. No matter what the battle, it’s his most trusty weapon, replacing his metal pipe in canon.
    • Finland is a Knife Nut. Now, in battle, he does use other weapons; it’s just that he’ll always have his knife as backup, and he carries it around with him outside of battle too.
    • Scotland’s broadsword. While it’s not like he uses it for his whole life, it’s definitely the most associated with him, and Anabla uses it in Evillious Chronicles × Alt-talia.
    • Prussia’s Needle Rifle, past the 1840s. While he stops using it in actual battle a few years after Germany is born, it’s still the first thing he grabs to use when training the kid.
    • Unfortunately, not much is known about Kush, but what is known for sure is that the bow was her signature weapon.
  • "Well Done, Son!" Guy: Canada, Australia, and New Zealand all had this in varying degrees during the late 19th century to early 20th century towards England. Though it’s less that they want to fulfill his every expectation than wanting to be in his image in their region, as shown by how Australia lashes out against Japan’s racial equality proposal, despite the fact that England himself was leaning on being for it.
    • Italy was basically this for his whole family. Being born with so much expectations put on his shoulders and being unable to live up to them takes quite a toll on him, especially as it becomes more and more clear to him no one else respects him either.
    • Germany is an odd example. While he does seek the validation of his father a lot, and Prussia controls a lot of his actions, Germany also knows that he’s ultimately working for himself, not for Prussia, and that in the end Prussia is a servant to the personified ideal that is him.
  • We Used to Be Friends: While allies becoming enemies is common, it isn’t treated as anything personal unless the two had a connection that went deeper than political. However, Poland and Lithuania are one such example, unlike in canon. During the Commonwealth, after becoming Fire-Forged Friends through their battle against the Teutonic Order and their Union-Brotherhood, they become basically inseparable. But after they regain their independence in the 20th century they start squabbling over Vilnius, which combined with their newfound, red-hot nationalism quickly makes any remaining bond between them explode spectacularly into a war and eventually going no-contact, (which rarely happens, even when two nations absolutely despise each other), as described in Imitacja Juoda (a parody cover of Imitation Black). Even in modern day Lithuania still resents Poland over the belief that he treated him as nothing more than a sidekick (and to be fair to him, he isn’t completely wrong), and Poland is more concerned about Hungary anyway.
    Poland and Lithuania in Imitacja Juoda: City lights swirl
    Tension grips the air
    These overflowing emotions and lies
    Paint it over in black...
    • Nationalism also drives Poland to treat Belarus awfully. To this day he either remains oblivious to it or doesn’t remember it.
    • Most nations in big empires got along casually at least before the advent of civic nationalism, but after it spreads it can absolutely ruin them and tear the households apart from the inside. Granted, by modern day they have mostly made up and some split relatively amicably.
  • Workaholic: As mentioned under Germanic Depressives, Germany isn’t as much of this as one might think in modern day. In fact, he has the shortest work days in Europe. He’s still a hard worker, he just prefers that he concentrate his work so that the results are of higher quality. Of course, this wasn’t always the case, and when he’s younger he’s shown to be more of one. And of course, this is a trait he gets from Prussia.
    • Japan and South Korea. To the point it really starts to get at their mental health. South Korea’s perfectionism isn’t helping that much either.
    • Not that China is any slouch either, particularly after the fall of the Imperial dynasty. He’s the factory of the world for a reason, and he also mentions that he once worked in a factory for three days straight during his economic growth period. For someone who had his power secured for pretty much all of his life, he was able to pretty much hit the ground running to power his new economy and new lack of resistance to money.
    • The (North)East Asia region as a whole has tendencies like these to some extent. The only exception might be, surprisingly, North Korea, but because he has a curfew as such the concept of overtime doesn’t exist to him.
    • America, actually, in one of the more noticeable differences from his canon counterpart, is shown to have workaholic tendencies. It’s nowhere near as bad as the East Asians, but he’s far from lazy. In fact it may be part of the reason he loves fast food so much. It’s telling how in Guest House Alt-talia Al is genuinely shocked at the high pay and says it feels odd not having to take loads of overtime at the job he’s taking to pay for his tuition.
  • Xenafication:
    • Ukraine. As mentioned many times, the role of the hotheaded one vs. the sweet one has been completely reversed between the sisters, and the soft-spoken, klutzy crybaby from canon is nowhere to be seen. First of all, she spent a lot of time as a Cossack, and constantly got Poland into trouble by fighting with the Crimean Khanate when they were married; also, she is prone to uprisings, and is a lot more wary of Russia. Though she can actually be really feminine when she's just going about her daily life.
  • Yandere: Familial nationalism can make a nation seem increasingly like this if no solution or outlet is devised. Post-WWI Austria, as such feelings were kept suppressed before that point, and 1960s Cyprus are good examples of the type who would never lay a finger on their "other half" (Germany and Greece respectively), but in some cases (e.g. Imperial Japan, North Korea) it can even lead to attacking the "other half" themselves. This attraction is officially platonic, but the sheer obsession can make it seem... otherwise. The author is aware of this and has made at least one joke about Austria being a Creepy Uncle because of it.
  • You No Take Candle: Used whenever a character is speaking in a language that isn't theirs and they aren't well versed in it. It can still be used in dramatic situations, surprisingly.

Tropes present in Legacy of the Weltkrieg

A Kaiserreich: Legacy of the Weltkrieg crossover/AU mini-series. In one fateful day in 1914, a Bosnian Serb nationalist shot the Emperor of Austria-Hungary, Franz Ferdinand, dead in the streets of Sarajevo. As we all know, this leads to a war that swallowed all of Europe and their spheres of influence, and the ultimate defeat of the Central Powers, breaking up old empires and starting Germany on a path of darkness...

But what if the Central Powers won?

The mini-series focuses on many characters, with particular emphasis on Germany and Prussia but covering most of the countries in the game, and how them being in the game’s universe affects them and their character.

(Will get it’s own page if I come up with enough stuff.)

  • A Child Shall Lead Them: While not actually children by this point, the youth of the leaders of both the Reichspakt and Entente (Germany, quite obviously, and Canada respectively) are a bit of a recurring theme. Canada, according to art and accompanying profiles, as well as his age around this time period in Alt-talia canon, is physically barely 18 or so when he’s first forced into leadership as well, with his segments coming across like the beginning of a Coming-of-Age Story. Ironically, they represent older, more conservative ideologies while the leader of the most radical, revolutionary major faction is led by one of the oldest nations in Europe chronologically, by far the oldest of the alliance leaders, with the other two members also being old guard who have converted to Syndicalism.
  • Archnemesis Dad: England, AKA [[spoiler:Arthur Smith, to Canada. Maybe. It's a bit of a weird situation. Canada and Britain are enemies on a government level, but this is because Canada wants to "rescue" his father, and to him the Syndicalists are the enemy, not his father himself.
  • Author Appeal: The author has admitted that a good chunk of her motivation for writing the series is that she likes writing Imperial Germany a lot.
  • Big Brother Instinct: Canada shows some of this regarding the rest of the former British Empire fittingly for leader of the Entente. Though whether this fades away to give away to a disillusioned Jerkass or fanatical, amoral borderline Yandere, or strengthens, even to the point of encompassing a much more global scale, is up to the player. One entry of “Snapshots from the Second Weltkrieg”, shows precisely this, showing him as a responsible big brother and heading the family and alliance much better than his father ever did, sticking by the colonies (including West Indies Federation) through thick and thin, forcing himself to face the truth of how the empire wasn’t perfect, and putting making his family and friends happy and protecting them over his personal nostalgia, as well as helping nations like the Philippines in need even outside the family, protecting them at all costs. This version of Canada has quite appropriately been nicknamed “Paragon Canada” or “Shining Armor Canada”, and may basically be one of the most popular incarnations of an Alt-talia character ever, due to the route in which a Paragon/Shining Armor Canada returns the monarchy to a Totalist Britain and reunites with his father being one of the closest things to a Golden Ending.
  • Butt-Monkey: Bad stuff tends to happen to Liberia quite often, much like in-game. He mostly comes across as not understanding what’s going in and constantly in terrified confusion. (Pending)
  • Color-Coded Characters: While colors are sometimes assigned to Alt-talia characters in canon (mostly in PVs accompanying covers), they can tend to change in relative to other characters, dynasties, and other factors. In this canon, however, the default in-game map colors are always used, so everyone (except David) has a set color they are associated with in PVs and in some art, and that are used to easily identify them if in silhouette (though England seems to have two, switching between the duller magenta color on the map and the brighter crimson color Britain is often drawn with in fanmade maps, if not both at the same time). They are also always shown with at least one clothing article in their signature color when they're depicted out of uniform, if it isn’t most of that particular outfit. The major factions are associated with colors as well, with the Entente getting royal blue, the Internationale red, and the Reichspakt dark grey just like Germany himself's color, with the character color schemes sometimes incorporating a stripe for their faction; though ironically, the leaders of the Entente and Internationale are Canada and France respectively... and Canada's signature color is maroon, while Commune France's is a somewhat smoky azure. Also, due to the sheer amount of characters some colors are hard to tell apart (like Austria, Finland, and Belarus all being barely different shades of white, or even Hungary and Poland, who both are shades of mauve).
  • Double Standard: Abuse, Female on Male: Subverted. Hungary’s abuse towards Slovakia is treated as the awful thing it is, as well as are the outbursts she has at Austria.
  • The Drag-Along: Dominion India doesn’t exactly like being in the Entente. Especially not helping is that though he tries to do his job in the Entente out of obligation, Canada and Australia seem to deliberately shaft or underplay him. He’s one of the tangible demonstrations that the Entente isn’t as shiny as Canada’s idealism and familial love would initially lead one to believe, reminding people that this is still the British Empire in all their Imperialism. Though as the author points out, if the player can choose to give Dominion India the respect he deserves and give him independence in the end if they so choose.
    • Also part of the Entente, albeit not as a sovergein state, is Quebec. He makes it clear that this was his attitude about the Weltkrieg as well, and is quick to remind Canada how he was right all along about how the war was senseless, and regularly calls Canada stupid and naive for his mission and his loyalty to his father and a royal family "That hasn't done shit" for him. He's the least enthusiastic of Canada's provinces, and generally cares nothing for Canada's efforts. Though through Video Game Caring Potential and as depicted in “I’ll Be Your Knight” of Snapshots, AKA the entry with Paragon/Shining Armor Canada, it is possible for Canada to reconcile with Quebec and get his support as well.
  • The Dutiful Son: Played with. Canada’s self-identity struggles are definitely given the spotlight when he’s featured; he still loves his father, and he suddenly finds himself thrust into the leadership position of the former British Empire, increasing his complex about needing to be his father's model son in the Americas. His sympathy towards America is a bit mixed, but generally he hates him for betraying their father and that his current state is a bit deserved. He wishes to “rescue” his father from the Syndicalists; however, at the same time he's trying to find out who he is, and starts thinking about being on complete equal footing, in a commonwealth rather than an empire, with the UK after he rescues them.
  • Fanfic Fuel: While not a primary goal like Evillious Chronicles x Alt-talia, the author has encouraged people to play the mod and write what happens next in their playthroughs.
  • First-Person Peripheral Narrator: As he occasionally does in Alt-talia canon, David has a few chapters presented as journal entries of his; however, he’s even more detached from the events going on than usual, so he’s one of the few perspectives close to a neutral one in this story due to his lack of effect on what happens in this timeline, and the fact that his situation is mostly uniformly crappy across the continent (though ironically Germany seems to tolerate him the most), though he expresses apprehension at the situation in Romania, Russia, and the Sorelians in France.
  • The Good King: Or rather, emperor. Kaiser Karl I of Austria, as per usual, is one of the few truly, undisputedly good characters in the mini-series, genuinely wanting peace in the empire. The only person he’s ever even somewhat mean to is Hungary, and the way he talks Austria and Bohemia down from a nationalism-fueled heated argument is somewhere between a therapist and an understanding father. In Snapshots from the Second Weltkrieg, the "Danubian Federation" route is chosen, with Karl I showing even more of just how much of a Reasonable Authority Figure he is as the war rages on around them.
  • I Have No Son!: England along with the rest of Great Britain basically say this to all their colonies, believing that he failed in his role as a parent and severing himself from them “until they’re willing to join the revolution”. Anything that might invoke their better times as a family being thrown out, burned, or discreetly given to exiles to be returned. Though the most loyal members of the empire all continue to have Kirkland as their surname and to call him “father”, to England’s frustration (Pending; I might make England and by extension Scotland and Wales take up a different surname to truly signify the split). It’s also shown that their government is trying to actively dissuade them from remembering their time as a family as well, even being told that “hopefully, you’ll eventually forget that they were ever related to you.” Of course, this devastates his direct children a lot, especially Canada who not only was suddenly denounced by his father, right after seeing said father, the primary pillar of security in his life, lose to Germany, but also suddenly inherits the position of the family patriarch to boot]].
    • Commune France basically does this as well, though unlike with England not many are that upset about this. But National France still claims ownership, so it kind of depends on who’s word you choose to believe.
  • Irony: It’s shown that despite winning and getting everything he thought he wanted, its highly debatable if Germany is actually happier in this timeline. He comes out of the war already tired and worse for wear, and ends up facing so much rebellions and political infighting, having to manage a massive empire, and overall having astronomical burdens on his shoulders, that he’s under almost constant stress and has little time, only about 7 years, to actually enjoy his power (and even then said seven years see the start of Syndicalist International); also he basically has a mental breakdown when it becomes clear that he’s losing grip on power again. And unlike in the EU, where Germany actively wants to give everyone a share of the responsibility and he’s not the set-in-stone leader, this Germany wants to keep his grip on power in spite of it all, and while Prussia does help in the end it’s all his responsibility. So despite his wrath at the outcome of WWI in Alt-talia proper, as it’s difficult to see this going the In Spite of a Nail route, our timeline where he becomes a humbled, humiliated, but unprecedentedly kindhearted nation who has risen above the vicious cycle of nationhood may have been the happiest timeline for him in the long run after all.
    • It’s debatable at best for two other victors of the war, Hungary and Turkey, as well. Hungary still keeps all her land and doesn't suffer the humiliation of Trianon, but can’t be satisfied with what she has, leading to irrational amounts of rage and her descending deeper into her controlling, manipulative mindset, in a shaky relationship with her much more reasonable husband. Turkey, meanwhile, just keeps on slowly breaking apart without Atatürk putting the Imperial system out of its misery for him; the collapse of the Ottoman Empire was actually a happy ending for him relatively speaking considering how he was already almost in an And I Must Scream situation before the war started. The only one for whom the end of the Weltkreig could maybe be called a happy ending is Austria, who while struggling and getting into clashes with Bohemia a lot initially manages to suppress his nationalist urges thanks to his Emperor and becomes a relatively stable federation, but it was still a humiliating blow and his power is still a fraction of what it once was.
    • Canada becomes the new patriarch of what is left of the British Empire, thrusting him into his position as The Leader of the Entente, his main goal being to “rescue” his father and uncles from the Syndicalists. Meanwhile, America is never motivated to come out of isolation, by the time of the stock market crash being so isolated it doesn’t have anywhere near as massive consequences as it does OTL, and apparently other nations barely see him anymore in person. As in, it starts looking an awful lot like America is the Blue Oni and Canada is the Red Oni, especially as the years pass. Canada even starts gaining something of a hero complex due to his mission to “rescue” his family, until it’s fully brought home by this quote, echoing both Alt-America and especially canon America’s tendency to label himself a “hero” (and also referencing what would be his in-game Leitmotif):
      Canada: ...I have to be the hero. I have to be the knight. ...I understand now.
    • As pointed out by South Italy/Mezzogiorno himself, he and Sicily ending up the most stable and prosperous in the Italian Peninsula after Italy’s death, due to being almost untouched by the Italian Civil War. Whereas they were previously seen as the black sheep of the family, now most bet on Mezzogiorno to bring Italy back to life. Of course, he really loves pouring salt on his siblings’, especially Milan’s, wounds over it.
      South Italy, imitating Milan: You northern rabble have “proven” yourselves enough!
  • Knight in Shining Armor: Canada comes to see himself as one, or at least take up the persona, alluding to his in-game Leitmotif. This is mainly due to his mission to “rescue” his father and uncles and get his family back, but also because he starts contemplating stepping in to become the new protector of the Americas as America himself retreats further into isolation. It parallels both Alt and canon America’s superhero based persona as well, in a twist of irony. Though unlike America, he doesn't really stand for any ideology as much as he wants his family back, no matter what the morality.
  • No Social Skills: This being Imperial Germany, Germany... isn’t too good at social skills. Though it’s serviceable, his understanding of diplomacy can come across as a bit childish at times.
    Prussia: What do you think Chancellor Bismarck would do?
    Germany: ...
    Prussia: ...Deutschland?
    Germany, sweating: ...
    Prussia: Sighs
(The above is a placeholder)
  • Psychopathic Manchild: Psychopathic isn’t completely right, as he isn’t exactly the villain as unlike the WWII arc there is no one villain. In fact, he often comes across as calm, disciplined, and mature, and can be genuinely nice to those who cooperate with him like the Netherlands or Ireland. However, one thing that is made extremely clear is that, even if he isn’t the utterly despicable villain he is in vanilla Alt-talia’s WWII arc, Germany is still no angel and is still a militaristic, chauvinist young empire, accomplishing what he believed was his destiny validating his deeply latent ego. His selfishness regarding his plans for Mitteleuropa, in a childish brutal honesty, aren’t even disguised that much. And as he won this time around, this enables him to become the nigh tyrannical leader of the continent; and this is Imperial Germany, not the calm, humble, kindhearted, Reasonable Authority Figure modern Germany who has gone through two devastating defeats, learned his lesson, and would even sacrifice some of his own needs for the sake of others. At his core, he’s a young man way in over his head, not sure what to do with all his power and having a massive empire the likes no one has seen before. His youth is often pointed out, and while he keeps up his cool-headed demeanor for the most part, when he becomes frustrated enough he can throw what seems to be a downplayed tantrum; it’s just that it’s also utterly terrifying as this is an extremely strongly built adult man and the world’s greatest superpower (there’s also the fact that despite being physically and supposedly mentally 20-21, he still is heavily influenced by and dependent on his father, and is just starting to somewhat rebel against him). This is probably best seen when he finally has enough of Poland mouthing him off (pending):
    Germany, his breathing becoming progressively heavier: Shut up, shut up, SHUT UP, SHUT UP!
    Germany slams Poland in the nose, making him fall painfully on the floor, and starts wailing on the poor bastard as Poland painfully gasps and Germany keeps screaming “SHUT UP!”
    • The best example may be the moment in the last chapter when the idea that his hegemony over the continent is starting to wane merely sixteen years after his hard-earned victory starts to dawn on him, causing all the accumulated stress to finally burst. Granted, anyone would have probably cracked under his circumstances:
      Germany: Sixteen years... that’s... that’s it? *starts shaking* No... No, no, no, no, NO! Verdammt, verdammt, VERDAMMT! IT’S NOT FAIR!
    • As well as his somewhat more lighthearted childish moments on occasion (pending):
      Germany: On the phone Ukraine, I’m hungry.
      Ukraine: Could you at least ask me in a more age-appropriate way?
  • Jerkass: While few are exactly nice in this AU, as per usual, even among them Hungary is an absolute asshole. While in Alt-talia proper Austria’s Sanity Slippage is more prominent, here Austria preserves most of his sanity even if he does show weaker Yandere tendencies, and it’s Hungary who goes off the rails more spectacularly, except that it’s somehow harder to sympathize with her than Austria despite him literally becoming a willing Nazi in normal Alt-talia. Already a character the author has admitted to having difficulties with making likable, she’s even more controlling, narcissistic, and generally unpleasant here now that she got validation for it only for it to immediately get threatened. She even attempts take all of the power of the dual monarchy for herself, and after Germany stops her, she doubles down on her assimilation policy. She then has the gall to go off on Austria and Croatia when the South Slavs practically jump into Austria’s arms at the chance to become his associates and create their own kingdom under Croatia, because Austria, despite his simmering nationalist feelings, still had the decency to agree to give federal autonomy, just because she can’t control and brainwash them anymore. This leaves poor Slovakia under her control, and she takes it out on Slovakia even more, screaming at and beating him for speaking Slovak and messing up the slightest thing. Austria meanwhile seems extremely kindly and loving in comparison, despite his flaws. Even her friendship with Poland, one of her biggest redeeming qualities in Alt-talia proper, is a bit shaky, even if it’s still close. But due to how terrible she is, this may start to taint audiences’ view of Poland as well, despite him not having the opportunity to go on a nationalism-fueled rampage like he does in Alt-talia proper. ...Not in the original mini-series at least (Pending).
  • Literal Split Personality: The Republic of France is this of the Commune of France, who is treated as the “France” we know, as unlike, say, Canada, none of the French colonies were personally loyal to France (pending). The Republic can be told apart by his somewhat darker, shorter hair and tanner skin tone (maybe? Maybe he manifests as a young boy, or his 2P? Also considering the idea of changing their eye colors to their map colors, so NatFrance gets midnight blue eyes), but they have the same human name much like the three parts of Poland did during the partition era. He hopes to merge back with his Syndicalist counterpart, and it’s shown that he’s indeed more a manifestation of certain parts of France’s mind and personality that were exiled to North Africa than his own person, being pretty single-minded with his only purpose in life being to merge back, and having all the exact same memories France had until the split (in fact probably remembering more than his Syndicalist counterpart).
  • No Ending: The story is a bunch of one-shots with more focus on character than plot, but many of these do follow some kind of timeline, just not chronologically; the one-shots involving one of the three major factions are particularly more likely to follow a plot throughout them. However, it ends in 1935, with “What happens from here? Well, that is up to you, dear reader.”, where the actual gameplay picks up. Some fans actually have started playing the mod just so they can get to see what happens next.
    • Though the sequel, sort of, “Snapshots from the Second Weltkreig”, consists of certain scenarios in the game the author thought interesting. Still, they’re merely a few scenarios out of hundreds, and they also don’t have a neat conclusion.
  • Papa Wolf: Once again, Prussia. He will basically do anything to protect Germany or to keep him in power. And now that his son has proven himself he now is in a slightly more subservient rather than paternal position, though not completely; if Germany wants something, Prussia will make sure he gets it, even if he does make him go through the effort if it’s needed.
    Prussia: Your only purpose is to serve him. Now get back to work if you know what’s good for you.
  • Quintessential British Gentleman: England actually downplays this and acts more like his canon counterpart or a more subdued version of his “chav” personality due to almost his entire upper class hightailing it out. On the other hand, Canada starts trying to adopt more of this persona in his place. (Pending; this is the most logical route for England’s personality to go. But I kind of want to keep him this Stiff Upper Lip gentleman because he’s very entertaining to write. And I don’t know to what degree.)
  • Red Armband of Leadership: All the leaders of the three main factions wear an armband in official gatherings over their uniforms, which the author has admitted are fully because she thinks they look cool and this trope. Though only France’s is red, by far the biggest, with the eye-catching golden Syndicalist gear, hammer, and torch emblazoned on it. At times the other members wear thinner versions of it. Canada opts for a royal blue one, while Germany and Prussia's are in the colors of their flag with a big Iron Cross overlaid on it. (pending)
    • Romania also gets one, a green one with the Iron Guard logo on it, invoking, well...
  • Tagalong Kid: The West Indies Federation in the Entente. She doesn’t exactly contribute much to the fight, even if she can be an interesting character in her own right.
  • Tsundere: There’s a scene that invokes the trope, but isn’t exactly it; when Austria comments that Hungary’s German has gotten much better, she’s quick to deny it. It’s revealed that it’s because she secretly likes German movies a lot. It may be one of the few remotely endearing traits she has.
  • Wham Episode: Quite a few for those unfamiliar with Kaiserreich:
    • The British Empire collapsing. Then England basically saying I Have No Son! and cutting himself off from his empire.
    • Italy’s death.
    • In “Snapshots from the Second Weltkreig”, “The Jewish Threat”. Now, the title itself is ominous enough, but the real kicker is who it’s about. It starts with David being brutally tortured, with the narration hinting it’s someone important to him. It’s Poland. Yup. He goes full Nazi and goes mad with nationalism. While Poland does grow to have “suspicions” about David and his people in this era in normal Alt-talia, he never actually goes full anti-Semite, and as Poland and David had a very emphasized friendship during the Commonwealth era, it’s especially tragic and if this were part of a full series it may be the point he crosses the Moral Event Horizon in one fell swoop.
    • Romania’s Sanity Slippage. Yes, it is bad. While the dreaded meathooks don’t show up in the fic itself, by his latest appearances he’s pretty much A Nazi by Any Other Name. And the meathooks are also alluded to in pieces of official art and music covers, where he looks absolutely terrifying. If Hungary is a Jerkass, Romania is basically on a rapid descent towards Complete Monster territory.
  • The Woobie: Poor, poor Italy. He lives a relatively short life of struggling with his self-image, never able to truly unite, getting involved in a war he doesn’t want to be in as a gamble and getting humiliated further, and being forced under Austria’s yoke despite trying so hard to escape his influence for his efforts, thousands of his countrymen dead being the only thing he has to show for it. He becomes nothing but a loose federation only kept alive from Austria killing him by and sustained by Karl I's kindness, constantly wracked by civil conflict. Then he erupts further into civil war, the lofty goals he was created for pretty much shattering for good in front of his eyes. His dedicated one-shot, “Falling Star”, is just him laying in bed, slowly dying, his family to the south having all but given up on him and his northern family unable to save him until the very end. It’s even worse that he still comes across as a bit childish, putting all the blame on himself. It’s also worse if one thinks of canon Italy in that position. The author even created a version of “Roman Pelusce” (A previous cover of “Tokyo Teddy Bear” with Italy) specifically for this one-shot, specifically what led Italy up to this point; it’s telling how many of the lyrics are barely altered from the original Tokyo Teddy Bear. Though a player can use this to motivate them to bring Italy back to life in their playthrough. But as previous attempts to create Italy weren’t the same person as the Italy we all know, it isn’t even guaranteed that the new Italy players create would be the same person.
    Veneto: We’ll get him back someday. He... he just wasn’t ready for the world now.
    • Slovakia. Just... poor Slovakia. He’s hopelessly stuck with Hungary, enviously eyeing his sister with her autonomy across the river.
    • This fic is probably one of the most helpless, scared portrayals of America the author will ever write, even more than his lowest moments in Alt-talia. Everything was going right for him, having missed the horrors of the Weltkrieg, until it all came crashing down with the stock market crash, under which he’s left to struggle basically alone, his states growing increasingly restless as he desperately tries to keep everyone together and to keep up a crumbling idealistic persona. Unlike in our timeline, there’s nothing to save him, and the world is going on without him, too invested in their own problems to care. As this is not in the mdoern day, Canada still doesn't care that much for him, and now has even more reason to see America as a traitor, so he believes his brother deserves it (spoiler:Though that doesn't stop him from taking in the Northeastern states to give back to his brother. Or so he says). And as players of Kaiserreich know, if the submod to circumvent it is not used, it’s certain that America’s efforts will be in vain as he becomes embroiled in a civil war, when he will be forced to watch millions of his people die over many excruciating years. Even those who don’t like Alt-America and think he’s a Jerkass will probably feel sorry for him as he becomes a shell of his former self (a sentiment various native tribes express). Him, along with Russia, getting the only extremely depressing stanzas in Our Weltkrieg (as opposed to the others which tend to be determined, righteous, or at least angry) is pretty indicative about how low he sinks; and it's arguably even more purely depressing than Russia's stanza, as Russia's at least seems to have anger behind his words too. The only condolence is that unlike Italy he will most likely survive... though depending on who wins it may be a Fate Worse than Death.
      America, in 'Our Weltkrieg:' Riches fading in front of my eyes
      Left in a world gone crazy and fractured
      Never-ending conflict
      Today, I shut myself in more
      Thus, (the land of) opportunity and promise weeps...
    • Also Belgium, or Flanders-Wallonia. She barely exists as a state anymore, Flanders and Wallonia still constantly at each others' throats despite them getting independence in all but name, and is generally in a very fragile state, constantly on the verge of death, all the while recovering from the scars of the Weltkrieg. Prussia and Germany also aren't very subtle about the fact that they find her "useless". She can find solace in the minority who still believe in her, but they really aren't that numerous.

Just for fun: Fandom/YMMV predictions

Just a place to think of what might happen if this had a fandom.

  • Base-Breaking Character: While many characters tend to be at least a bit divisive as to likability due to the fact that they tend to be horrible people, Hungary may be one of the few nation characters who is deemed too much of a Jerkass to have any redeeming quality by a significant amount of people, and for these fans while the humans being gunned down did attract sympathy, her being run over by a tank in the 1956 Hungarian Revolution was more a Kick the Son of a Bitch moment than anything; common Kick the Dog moments used against her are the fact that despite fighting for self-determination within the Hapsburg Empire she proceeded to be even more oppressive and overbearing than Austria, the fact she is still sour about Trianon for breaking up her empire and giving Slovakia and the minorities in her territory freedom from her, how she treats Slovakia in general despite the torment she put him through, her modern-day racism, and most of all her complacency and even joy in killing Jews in WWII. The author herself has admitted to it being difficult to make her likable considering what she does, and remember this is a series in which a disturbing amount of characters have engaged in war crimes in the past. There’s also the fact that in modern day at least she’s a complaining jerk. Especially not helping is her Legacy of the Weltkrieg counterpart, who completely drops all pretense of being likable and is probably the least likable character alongside Romania, and maybe Serbia by extension, so much so that some playthroughs of the game by readers of the fic have had them dicking around with Hungary just to give her some kind of karmic justice. However, even then she has fans who like her friendship with Poland or the other friendships she actually has, like her in Culture Clash in which her culture is shown without her ugly history, cite her pre-Compromise behavior, think that she can still redeem herself eventually, and point out how narcissism is a massive problem in much of her peers as well, not just her. Especially cited is the moment where she helps him and his military escape and shelters his refugees, despite being on the other side of the war and it potentially meaning dire consequences for her, with many of her fans saying that this shows she at least protects people she genuinely cares about, something that is debatable for mostly everyone else. But even with her well-received friendship with Poland, for some his association with her taints their view of him as well, expressing frustration at Poland for apparently being willingly oblivious to how terrible his best friend is, even going so far as to blame Poland’s modern less than pleasant behavior on her despite evidence to the contrary, and ignoring the genuinely reprehensible things Poland himself has done under the influence of extreme nationalism. ...However, what most will agree on is that her Legacy of the Weltkrieg counterpart is objectively a Jerkass who should suffer.
    • Slightly less controversial but still divisive is Turkey. On one hand, many like his Boisterous Bruiser personality barely changed from canon, as well as his penchant to make friends on the battlefield, playing a very important role in Australia's character arc and forming a friendship with South Korea that is widely considered adorable, as well as his backstory as the runt of the litter who won despite the odds. Before the 19th century, he's also one of the few who didn't despise David's guts, and the possible start of better relations between him and Greece in the 1999 Earthquake diplomacy entry has been seen as genuinely heartwarming. On the other hand, while most Imperial powers give off the impression that they're reluctant about acknowledging the full extent of their sins as they don't want to think about how they're fully capable of doing things so horrible, the extremely ugly, unpleasant side of Turkey's personality comes out around Greece (before 1999), Assyria, and especially the Kurdistans and ESPECIALLY Armenia. And it is indeed extremely ugly and jarring considering how jovial he is usually. Anyone who has seen a Turkish nationalist talk about the infamous Armenian Genocide knows the type of reasoning he uses, which to many can make him hard to like, and think that he's a Karma Houdini even in a universe where that happens often. Like Poland above regarding his friendship with Hungary, some also have their view of South Korea tainted by their friendship, as South Korea of all people should be well aware of how someone refusing to acknowledge crimes against one's people feels, and that at best he's being willingly oblivious.
  • Better Than Canon: Some fans of the series highly prefer the Alt-talia characterizations, lore, and/or the direct reimaginings of canon by the author over canon, and the series even has a few non-Hetalia fans as well. Granted, this tends to be a common sentiment for many in the fandom nowadays for other more historically accurate fan creations as well.
  • Cargo Ship: Tends to be a bit more common than usual in gag portrayals due to the series being inherently inhospitable to shipping and a need for levity, as well as the author’s numerous jabs at shipping in fandoms:
    • Due to a silly piece of official art released as a one-off gag, America x Marilyn Monroe bodypillow. But let’s face it, if bodypillow versions of pin-up models existed in the 40s and 50s, he probably would have bought one. It also doesn’t help that in the author’s supposedly unrelated Pixiv art it’s a bit of a Running Gag.
    • Some comedic depictions straight up give Venice, David/Israel, China, or the Netherlands a Money Fetish. Occasionally England or Scotland as well.
    • Italy x food. Even in the series itself he states that he has a hard time choosing if he loves food or women more.
  • Draco in Leather Pants: Can become the case even unintentionally due to the nature of the series, and even the author has admitted to bias. While almost everyone is an awful person to some extent, the sins of some can be forgotten due to being overshadowed, their bad deeds not being given much spotlight, Archive Panic, or just Fan Dumb.
    • Italy is the least evil of the Axis Trio, and his actions until he joins the Allies of WWII are heavily motivated by a want to be respected and to live up to his family’s expectations (that they’re very vocal about him not fulfilling) and his grandfather’s extremely lofty legacy, with a bad case of Can't Catch Up. He’s a massive klutz, which only highlights his pitifulness, gets denied land he was promised (or at least so he though), and in WWII Germany treats him as a failure no matter what he does while his boss continues to throw him at reckless missions. He also shows mercy to Jews, which got him tons of respect, as did his The Dog Bites Back moments at Germany and Mussolini. As a result of this people can tend to forget or give him a pass for the fact that he was still an Imperial power who initially showed little remorse for war crimes in Ethiopia (and in fact gloats about it), Libya, and even Spain, or in the case of Slovenia, went along with attempting on his life; I.e. straight-up genocide.
    • Belgium gets it at times too. Much like Belarus, she has very low levels of self-confidence, and is self-depreciating to the point many kind of have to feel sorry for her, on top of becoming an invasion route twice and becoming absolutely brutalized both times, but also being the quickest to forgive Germany after WWII despite it all. She’s also not super eager about annexing the Congo Free State from her cruel king, unlike everyone else who is gobbling Africa up like fresh pie. ...But people can tend to forget that unlike Belarus, she has some skeletons in the closet too; namely, she was hardly a nice mistress to Rwanda, Burundi, and DRC either, not being the exception to the general pattern of colonizers treating their African colonies as if they were 5, especially towards the Congo, with her "mother knows best" attitude (despite expecting a high resource output meaning he had to subject himself to fragile mines for tens of hours at the physical age of 12 or so), and she was complacent in the very shady actions her government undertook in these colonies after decolonization.
    • In regards to the Kaiserreich AU, quite a few sympathize a lot with the Entente pretty much entirely due to Canada, with his idealism, emphasized boyishness, the way his relationship with Quebec is affected, his self-doubt, and his want to reunite with his father and to bring displaced Brits back home despite his somewhat strained, complicated relationship with him comes across as extremely pure and genuine to many. Or at least, Canada tends to be most well-liked faction leader. However, such people may tend to forget that he’s still very much a colonialist, demonstrated with most notably with the poor treatment Dominion India is subject to, and to an extent Quebec, Syndicalist supporters also often arguing that it's extremely debatable if his father and uncles even want to be rescued, and that most former members of the empire definitely don’t be want to come back, so that he's just forcing the world to conform to his Wide-Eyed Idealist views like America in main Alt-canon, blindly wanting the world to return to how it used to be. Granted, it’s very much possible for the player to play a Paragon Canada run and fix most of these, so these fans either use that to handwave them or still find him most likable due to the aforementioned reasons, or even find his very simple goals relatable, even if not necessarily "good".
  • Ensemble Dark Horse: Due to the massive cast, everyone has a favorite (with a lot of people liking their home country). But notable ones are:
    • Poland. In spades. His new Rated M for Manly, Large Ham, Boisterous Bruiser personality in the Commonwealth era (and not being racist), as well as his at times awesome, at times unwarranted ego, his sheer will of iron even by nation standards, and coming across as a comedic Butt-Monkey in modern day has also made the author really like him a lot, and as such he appears disproportionately in official art and other material.
    • Belarus due to her non-involvement in most terrible things that occur in-story, in fact being a victim of so much terrible things in a short amount of time and being unwillingly dragged along. She’s one of the few characters who doesn’t go mad on nationalism, and despite being a nation she’s also a bit like a civilian character, just trying to survive. In the Crapsack World that is Alt-talia, she’s basically a saint just by virtue of being a normal woman who has gone through hard times and wants to live peacefully. This, combined with the most current event fics showing her going through a relatively simple arc of finding her inner strength and finally standing up for herself against her boss, gets her a lot of sympathy from the small fanbase and she is in fact probably one of the few fans almost universally like or are at least neutral on, a great contrast to the Base-Breaking Character she was in canon.
    • Iceland to a somewhat lesser extent also due to how detached from the main cast he seemingly is in tone, at least in modern day; he barely does anything that would push the human Moral Event Horizon, is oblivious to formalities, is a carefree daredevil, genuinely a nice guy who is exceptionally curious and oh... also there’s him being an Innocent Fanservice Boy who is extremely sexually aware, and he gets treated in a way more moe way befitting of canon often, causing the author to joke about him being “Rule 34 bait”, and that if Alt-talia needed a mascot character it would probably be him.
    • The Korea Twins; both because of their complex relationship, as well as their individual character. South Korea for being a total badass despite his pretty boy looks and wearing makeup (he actually chops a Vietcong soldier’s head open!), but also the sense that he’s a young man still coming to terms with his past trauma, constantly stressed, seeking closure, being perfectionistic to self-destructive levels, and finding his place in the world (not to mention he actually tries to work with Vietnam over what his soldiers did in the war, as he didn’t want to be like Japan), leading many to relate to him. And North Korea is fascinating as both an exercise in psychological horror and dark comedy, an abused child being manipulated and browbeaten to live a lie.
    • Palau, one of the Pacific islands to get a bit more attention than others, even if that still isn’t very often, has also been well-received for being plain cute, as well as her adorable admiration for Japan (which is officially platonic, but which has been interpreted as romantic by some fans) to an extent her relationship with America, and her loyalty to Taiwan, despite attempts to hurt her economy because of it from China, making her come across as extremely innocent and just plain nice. The latter, as well as three other Pacific nations, sticking with Taiwan has especially been perceived as a Heartwarming Moment of kindness in a world of terrible people. Being a female character helps. Though many also find her relationship with Japan a bit tragic as she seemingly didn’t understand how he was merely using her as a stepping stone to enact destruction on others, including her friends and family, and intended to assimilate her eventually, I.e. slowly kill her off without her realizing it, still saying that their time together was “fun” and that Japan was “very nice.”
    • The Great Khanate/Mongol Empire, with her dedication to her villainous, brutal persona yet probably being one of the most loving mothers in Alt-talia. Also being the most powerful female character in the series probably helps too.
    • Similarly, Venice/Veneto/Veneziano (not to be confused with normal Italy) has quite a few fans who Love to Hate him due to how much of a comical Insufferable Genius of a greedy Jerkass he was in his peak before England or anyone else did it, while also being one of the few to have something close to a democracy for a long while. There’s a reason why he’s listed as a possible candidate for the Demon of Greed in the extras for EC x AT.
    • Another Love to Hate example in Zulu, who starts conquering and steamrolling all the people around him basically because he felt like it, in a region where wars were basically a joke where few died. And he’s completely proud of it. He’s basically Africa’s Great Khanate. Also because he completely averts the Noble Savage myth, showing how Africans can also be conquers, and being treated like any other conqueror or empire. (Pending)
  • Fan-Preferred Couple: (Assuming this is an original work or a licensed spinoff at this point) Almost any shipping can count due to the very low amount of romance in general.
    • Finland x Åland (or the reverse, at times) has some traction, some even portraying them as close childhood friends due to growing up together, despite the two keeping to themselves for the most part in Alt-canon in modern day. The author actually has written non-canon Åland x Finland smut, however, apparently.
    • Poland x Hungary/GoulashPierogiShipping/FriendshipDayShipping is probably one of the more popular ships in the fandom, due to how close the two are. However, the two are officially Platonic Life-Partners.
  • Idiosyncratic Ship Name: Well less ships, and more duos in general, the author has coined a few in addition to using some pre-existing names to describe units of characters much like the main fandom, appending “Shipping” at the end much like what happens in the Pokémon fanbase in cases of actual ships. The names are based off of what connects the two (or three), and fans have gone to coin their own names for others. The ones suggested by the author are often just geographic descriptors or are otherwise pretty obvious, but others include:
    • Young Euro (Germany and Italy; is also one of the few with a Japanese name, 年少組, or “Nennshou-gumi”)
    • GoulashPierogi/FriendshipDay (Poland and Hungary)
    • Ballet Duo (Russia and France)
    • Clockwork/CrumpetFondue (England and Switzerland. The former is a direct import from the Japanese fandom, however)
    • WindsorTreaty (England and Portugal)
    • ActOfUnion (England and Scotland)
    • MapleTulip (Canada and the Netherlands)
    • KimchiKebab (Turkey and South Korea)
    • Gallipoli (Turkey and Australia)
    • Auld Duo (France and Scotland)
    • MilkTea (Taiwan, Thailand, and Hong Kong)
    • Emblem Duo/紋章組 (Japan and Italy, alluding to Hetalia Emblem, suggested specifically as an alternative to “Axis Flower Duo”)
    • GDL (Lithuania and Belarus)
    • ChineseChampuru (China and Ryukyu/Okinawa. In Japanese: 中華チャンプル)
    • Syndicalist Duo (Commune France and Piedmont (Kaiserreich AU exclusive, though these two are rarely paired elsewhere anyway))
    • The extremely small minority who ship incest among the already small minority who ship tend to stick with the pre-existing pattern of “(Ethnicity/Language family)cest” or “(Geographic trait)cest” if viable (e.g. “Swedecest” for Sweden x Åland, “Baltcest” for Lithuania x Latvia, "Fenniccest" for Finland x Estonia). The author has refused to dignify these, however.
  • Launcher of a Thousand Ships:
    • The author at times explores potential romances using Nyotalia versions (which are non canon but may as well be), which has opened up a lot of shippers to ship even within cultural boundaries. ...However, the most often Nyotalia'd is probably France, who as a result of stories such as Bons Baisers De Russie and AU stories like Evillious Chronicles x Alt-talia has given FraRus and FraGer a pretty big boost in popularity and even spawned serious shippers of one-sided crushes Played for Laughs like FraSerb. And those aren’t the only ones; France in general has been described as a magnet for interesting relations.
    • On both a shipping as well as especially a platonic level, Poland. Not only does he have have his Union-Brotherhood with Lithuania, but he has had interesting and well-received friendships or other relationships with Israel, Ukraine, Hungary, Lipka, to an extent Belarus, virtually every western great power that has been a great power except for Spain and Portugal, and even, in the Napoleon arc, Haiti. Something which really helps his already respectable popularity.
  • Memetic Badass: Poland. Especially Commonwealth!Poland. Though his modern character manages to be both this and Memetic Loser.
    • Converging with prior history memes, Mongol Empire/The Great Khanate.
    • Finland, also influenced by previous history memes though also by the character himself. In the series itself he goes outside in freezing weather in a slightly long-sleeved shirt and is only prompted to bundle up when told to, was a silent and deadly soldier as a prepubescent child, and there’s the entire Winter War.
    • Prussia the Soldier Dad, who was hatched from a cannonball and is an army with a country, not a country with an army. It helps that he’s no longer a Butt-Monkey and does indeed have a reputation like this in-universe; the “hatched from a cannonball” and “army with a country” quotes are actual quotes from real life, written in the series.
    • China, due to his now much more masculine, dominant, ruthless personality with heavily flavors of Manipulative Bastard and Insufferable Genius. Also that time he managed to scare Russia.
  • Memetic Mutation: Those that exist just tend to overlap with pre-existing history memes, or in the case of crossover have seeped in from the properties it has crossed over with (most notably Kaiserreich), though not all:
    • Austria being a Creepy Uncle, not helped by the fact that the author has also joked about this before. Explanation 
      • “Fick mein ass, dearest nephew!”/”Seize my vital regions, dearest nephew!”Explanation 
    • Or just the creepiness of extreme levels of Familial Nationalism in general has led to the Fan Nickname “Incest Disease”.
      • Or quoting canon!Belarus with such characters.
    • Pretty much all of the In the Name of the Moon speeches Commonwealth!Poland makes. Or Alt-Poland's manliness in general.
    • “Of course, they blamed it on the Jews. Because when in doubt, f*ck the Jews, and f*ck you, David.Explanation 
    • “EVERYONE IS AWFUL.” explanation 
    • Lithuania and Latvia’s directly translated “swears” before the modern age.
  • Ship-to-Ship Combat: While the few shippers there are are usually more civil due to the more mature tone of the series, the more realistic tone can also mean that people treat it as way more Serious Business (as many ships are highly unlikely due to the cultures of the characters, their relationship, or both, and the nations are emphasized to be very much personifications more than people); not helped by the fact that few of the relationships in the series are healthy.
    • (this is more so if this were an original series probably) Holdover ships from Hetalia can clash a lot with Alt-talia due to the nature of the series, even if such occurrences are usually rare. Conflicts between LietPol and LietBel, or worse, the former and PolUkr, PolHun, and JewPol can get pretty ugly (and Lithuania also has the additional dimension of his friendship with Georgia, plus AusHun has been all but discredited to readers of the series). Not to mention that due to the series going out of its way to depict Values Dissonance there’s people that believe shipping most of those (as well as any other homosexual ship) are erasure or disrespectful.
    • USUK is also highly frowned upon due to the fact they are explicitly son and father, though England now has Scotland among the characters he is shipped with by fans as well (And when one of them is female they're always married).
    • Then there's the occasional spat over how viable GerIta, the mostly canon ship in the main Hetalia series, is anymore. Especially as the author hasn’t been too quiet about her love of sinking the ship.
    • In another example of ships vs. nothing, Taiwan and Palau tend to be popular choices for Japan in the shipping community; however, there are also those who find the idea a bit disturbing considering his original intentions for the girls, especially not helped by how naive Palau was and still is to those intentions.
  • Wimpification: (basically assuming this is an original work for the most part at this point. OR even an officially licensed spinoff. Somehow.) While not too common due to the more mature audience, it happens. However, they tend to be especially controversial due to the nations being much more clearly nation, resulting in Unfortunate Implications:
    • The Korea twins, especially South Korea. For South Korea, a meterosexual, nervous, stressed, troubled young adult in a region where almost everyone is thousands of years old, this isn't exactly a huge surprise, and the now way more masculine China (and his closest friends being Turkey, America, and Aussie) probably has something to do with it, as does the fact that he was indeed a cowardly crybaby before the Korean War. For North, who is the same age, while he is very clearly abused and manipulated into his behavior some can take his inherent pitifulness a bit too far. They may be portrayed around China like how some mainstream Hetalia fans portray the Baltic trio around Russia (or South Korea specifically may be portrayed having a traumatic breakdown as soon as Japan so much as yells at him or turning into a soft mess around Turkey) when this is very clearly not the case. Not to mention even South mined coal as a child and is brutally practical as China, if not more so, if need be, and that a will of iron that would give Poland or Russia a run for their money is practically a Korea family trait.
    • A bit ironically considering mainstream Hetalia, Germany may get this. In modern day he’s a humble, genuinely Nice Guy in a world where humility is in short supply, apologizing a lot if he scares someone, and is even a bit of a bleeding heart who really wants to atone for his sins; even before his militaristic demeanor was clearly at least partially learned, and he’s shown to be nervous and even a bit childish due to his youth. And as stated under Powerful People Are Subs, according to Word of God he would probably be submissive in a relationship due to his dislike of finding himself in leadership roles near constantly (and then being criticized for taking the lead), growing up as a Child Prodigy, and his lack of chauvinism. However, he’s also very firm when he needs to be, and is definitely not self-loathing to the point of Wangst or being an Extreme Doormat. Also, one of his defining traits is being very blunt, almost to the extent of the Netherlands.
    • David/Israel can get this. Especially when depicted before he became Israel. It probably doesn’t help that he spent the plurality of his time around the now very masculine Poland (as such it can be rather common even in platonic JewPol), and that he couldn’t fight much as well. At worst it can be forgotten that David has always been a bit of a snarky Jerkass, is clearly stated to not try to show too much emotion, and that he wasn’t constantly stuck to Poland. But even as Israel this can occasionally happen due to his traumatic past even by series standards. However, it is also a heated issue due to Unfortunate Implications.
    • Iceland, despite his relative innocence, has still lived thousands of years in hardship and is in a way a Wild Child due to the same isolation. And while more emotional than the other Nordics he’s still rarely if ever depicted crying and the Cod Wars show he can also be a real Manipulative Bastard as much as any other nation. But due to him being more of a moe character than usual for the series, this may be forgotten.
    • A Chickification example in Belarus; in Alt-canon, while she’s a wallflower with low levels of self confidence from the end of WWI to modern day and nowhere near as destructive as her canon counterpart, there are some who miss the part about her being a stoic borderline Emotionless Girl, and interpret her as weak despite the fact she fought as a partisan in WWII instead of taking the Nazi occupation lying down or selling herself out to the Nazis like some of her other peers did; even if she is nowhere near as strong-willed or tough as her sister or Hungary or Vietnam or Philippines, she still won’t burst into tears at the slightest provocation. There’s also the fact that in the most modern entries, she is starting to grow more of a spine. There are also those who interpret her as simply Lithuania’s perfect housewife before the partitions, or treat her as always having been a bit of a doormat, completely missing her ego in her childhood as Polotsk and the fact that she can fight, has fought alongside every empire she has been a part of at least once, still got into conflicts with her husband, had a lot of freedom in the marriage, and still joined everyone in the January Uprising.


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