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Alt-talia is the Working Title of an Axis Powers Hetalia fanfiction by WannabeHistorian604 on fanfiction.net, known on this wiki as shonengirl. However, these characters aren't the characters you all know; instead, they have been re-evaluated to fit their culture, mentality, and history better, fitted with more fitting stereotypes replacing the ones that are inaccurate, and much more morally gray. Or as WannabeHistorian herself puts it, "A bunch of stories chronicling the trials, tribulations, relationships, and lives of personified nations. A project I want to do in which I basically write stories starring the nation-people from Hetalia based on history and current events, but with a huge twist; I'll be giving the whole cast one giant overhaul."

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It is also extremely different in tone, being usually much Darker and Edgier. more on the cynical side of Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism and a serious drama with focus on historical accuracy, nuanced explanation of modern international relations, and to a lesser extent cultural discussion, or at least as accurately as possible (though there are some entries with a tone closer to canon). It is a series of stories told through both individual, stand-alone fics and massive "event arcs". The author especially places weight on character motivation, writing under the philosophy that as bleak as the world can seem, people rarely commit acts out of pure malice, but more often because of what they think is right; "Everyone is searching for their own utopia".

While the story remains theoretical, the author has written many drabbles about the characters on her profile, and is known to promote the characterizations often.

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Several spinoffs are planned: My Stepbrother, My Enemy, a crossover with America's Stepbrother, America's Enemy starring America and an uncharacteristically idealistic tone more in-line with the author's other works, detailing America, his states, and his increasing allies' fight against the superstates of Nineteen Eighty-Four; Evillious Chronicles × Alt-talia (or "Seven Deadly Sins"), which is Exactly What It Says on the Tin, a human AU with the Alt-talia characters in the roles of Evillious characters more in-line with the main fics in terms of tone, as well as several others. There's also Feliksball, which are simply Polandball comics drawn with Hetalia characters, occasionally uploaded on her Deviant Art account, erikatheraindeer. Another planned concept is Hetalia Emblem, a theoretical three-way Hetalia x Fire Emblem x World Flags fanmade crossover game (Hetalia characters, World Flags weapons, abilities and outfits, and Fire Emblem gameplay) with the distinction of being possibly one of the few works WannabeHistorian would ever think of using canon characterizations in. The stories which focus more on cultural differences, which often have a tone more in-line with canon Hetalia, are labeled under the "Culture Clash" series banner, and may be counted as separate.

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The series and all its spinoffs also have UTAU covers to accompany them, about various historical events (many of which can unfortunately feature events which have yet to be shown in-story and thus would be full of spoilers), social issues, current events, or just the characters' personalities and philosophies (sometimes only tangentially, however) using voicebanks derived from the anime voice actors or other UTAU if unavailable


Alt-talia provides examples of:

  • Adaptational Badass: Seemingly happens to a metric ton of characters, but for many characters it's merely a case of their badassery or determination being at least a bit more obvious than in canon; e.g. China, Poland, Lithuania, Finland, etc.
    • Played straight with Italy; while he still isn't the best fighter, one thing that is very clear is that he will always fight back viciously if backed into a corner, and that if he truly puts his mind to something he will make sure that it sure as hell gets seen to the end, even if the things that can get him to this level of dedication are rare. Let it not be forgotten he fought in WWII with canons from literally last century and cardboard-soled shoes, in the case of the latter in the Eastern freakin' Front in winter. He's also terrifying when someone tarnishes his food, confrontational and argumentative, and goes into full Football Hooligans mode when it comes to football.
  • Adaptational Sexuality: The author has stated that she doesn't like writing slash, so as a result no one is shown to have feelings for the same sex. In fact, many characters such as Russia which have cultures where homophobia is sadly the norm are Heteronormative Crusaders who treat being homosexual as A Fate Worse Than Death, which can be Played for Laughs, be shown as a terrible character flaw, be used to highlight the problems the LGBT community faces in these countries, or just be part of what a character is, using homophobic slurs without a second thought (such as in "Russia and the EU" (pending title) where Russia calls Sweden a "sodomite", or the Balkan characters liberally calling each other "fag"). It's treated as something even more out of the question in pre-20th century chapters in societies where it wasn’t accepted, shown with how things like the concept of "Marriage" for nations of the same sex doesn't even cross the minds of those when forming unions, "Union Brotherhood" superseding it, and when it does come up it's with things like Egypt hearing from Turkey that Christian women "fornicate with each other" and shivering at the idea, or a gag in which Portugal flirts with China thinking he's a woman and prays to God frantically to forgive him when he finds out that he isn't. Though during eras where it was accepted in some form, it may be casually mentioned on occasion as gossip. While LGBT as a topic does come up, it's usually in the context of highlighting their plight as stated above (e.g. in a chapter in the WWII arc David, after he's shoved into a van by the Gestapo to be carried off, notices two men embracing each other, feeling a complex mix of slight disgust and empathy at the sight) or keeping track of the movement, and the characters shown arguing for their rights never say that they have feelings for the same sex, merely that people should love who they love and saying nothing about themselves. However, it's a bit more clear with some characters, like how canonically bisexual France only flirts with women and is in fact rather dismissive towards men.
  • Adaptation Dye-Job: Common with eye colors, particularly with those who used to have purple eyes. Most commonly, purple eyes become blue eyes (different shades, sometimes reflecting something about the country or what is typical for the area; e.g. Finland gets greyish eyes, Russia gets icy blue eyes, Latvia gets a deep, midnight blue shade, while Iceland gets bright blue ones with green flecks which seem to shimmer like an aurora borealis when he’s excited.)(note: specific colors still pending)
    • Eye color changes also occasionally happen with those with normal eye colors; most commonly green eyes, due to their rarity in real life. Lithuania for example goes from having green eyes to blue, and Spain, Portugal, South Italy, Greece, and Egypt all go from having various shades of green eyes to hazel. Then there are more subtle ones like Estonia having greyish eyes much like Finland or Lichtenstein having more of a dull green shade than the bright teal she has in canon, and Poland’s formerly bright jade eyes also being more dull (These except for the hazel eyes are also pending).
  • Affably Evil: At his worst, Imperial England heavily resembles this. Though whether it’s this or Faux Affably Evil varies, the latter mostly when someone gets in his way (e.g. pre-Opium War China). His Evillious crossover counterpart in Judge Gallerian Marlon’s role definitely takes the latter interpretation and absolutely runs with it, however.
    • WWII era Imperial Japan seems to be this at his best moments interacting with his colonies. Unlike most examples though, it shatters quickly under pressure, I.e. as soon as they talk back to him.
  • Age Lift: The nations of course are often old by human standards, but physically they have a set “age”. These are changed for many characters in this canon, most being aged up; in modern day, England/Arthur Kirkland and France/Francis Bonnelfey are physically in their early to mid 30s, America/Alfred F. Jones is in his mid to late-20s; generally, if a character’s age was given to be in their teens in canon, there’s a somewhat good possibility they’re at least in their mid 20s by now. There are also many minor ones like South Korea/Yong-Soo Lee being 17 instead of 15, and Latvia being 19 instead of 15. Prussia/Gilbert Beildshmidt is physically in his late 20s by the time Germany is born, and is shown aging beyond that. Though there are also those who are somewhat aged down, like Greece/Herakles Korais, who is 24. Then there are also very major ones like Moldova/Aurel being 18 instead of 10, most of the micronations being aged down to children around or under Sealand’s age, and Cuba being noticeably younger. This is not only notable in modern day of course, as the author tries to tie symbolism to age when possible; America was just about to hit puberty when the Revolutionary War started when in canon he was a young adult, Finland spent all of his time under the Swedish Empire as a prepubescent child (automatically sinking the interpretation that they were like a couple during the era like in canon), Poland and Lithuania pass their canon physical ages of 19 after forming the Commonwealth, becoming some of the few adults on a continent full of teenagers (the pre-release story “Superbia” even mentions how Poland “Shed the last downy vestiges of adolescence, becoming a real man), and Holy Roman Empire, who is depicted to be a teenager at oldest in canon, is depicted aging rapidly and even going senile.
    • Also applies for nation ages as well. Italy/Feliciano Balducci is the biggest, most notable example, as while in canon he was old enough to have known Roman Empire as a child, this Italy at least was only born in 1861, and is the second youngest in the EU by a large margin. If one goes by the interpretation that Germany/Ludwig is the same person as HRE in canon, it’s the same for him as well, as he’s actually the youngest in the EU in this canon, born in 1871, a baby next to the rest of the Union. Then there’s South Korea, who is also used as a stand-in for older Korean dynasties in canon, while the Korea twins in this canon are explicitly North and South Korea and as such are only 70 or so years old as countries despite being slightly physically older than the canon Korea, though they did exist as Egg-Nations long before this point, and the author really isn’t sure when they were born as individuals either.
    • Nations are only as old as when political borders for that country form, unless they started as Egg-Nations (which never age past 6 years old or so), as such chronological age tweaking is actually fairly common. America started as the Plymouth Colony in this canon, while America in canon was somehow there before England was, India is only as old as the British Raj, and Spain/Antonio is actually fairly young as well as he was only as old as the union of Castile and Aragon, also living this strange parallel existence alongside Castille and Aragon themselves as sort of an Egg-Nation but sort of not until the 1700s.
  • The Alcoholic: A lot. All of the East Slavs, Lithuania, Moldova, and Finland to name some of the most prominent. Certain characters are also portrayed as such in certain time periods. It's also shown that England and especially Austria have really bad binge-drinking habits.
    • Modern Belarus/Natallia might just be the worst case; she's the heaviest drinker and also the heaviest smoker out of the whole cast, which only adds to the depressing air she has. Even Russia finds her alcoholism a bit excessive.
    • Rivaling her is her ex-husband Lithuania, in stories set in modern day especially. He might not drink quite as much as some others, but he's still very much up there, and he apparently binge drinks quite often as well. Transitioning to a capitalist system wasn't quite easy for him, and the 2008 economic crisis not helping things either. He’s often summarized as “A depressed, grouchy alcoholic with a hot head”, and is more than a few times shown knocking back unholy amounts of mead, beer, and/or vodka, getting trashed or having to be dragged out of a bar, saying I'll Tell You When I've Had Enough!, or moaning about an awful hangover. In a lot of representative official art he’s shown holding a bottle of some kind of booze (most often mead) and looking tired/grumpy.
    • Of course, Russia is a pretty massive alcoholic; he basically grew up an addict since childhood, so much so that his Czars started taxing booze. In at least one All There in the Manual prompt, he describes it as a family problem, though his sisters only really started sharing their brother's habit after Russia annexed them, and even then by virtue of being women they weren't as bad. While many do try to remedy this, it always hardly worked in the long term, usually only earning them his resentment for their efforts. In the desperate times of the 90s, he actually resorts to aftershave and rubbing alcohol as serious withdrawal symptoms compound his anemia and other health issues. Oh yeah, and he's basically a Russian Roulette of drunkenness, as at times he can be a really sentimental drunk, a happy drunk who acts more like his canon counterpart if your're lucky (very rare)... or become terrifyingly violent. And he can go from the former to the latter in a heartbeat. And Poland, David, Lithuania, Estonia, and even Belarus are shown to get the brunt of these rages directed at them in brutal fashion. ...However, in the most modern day stories, it's shown that he's finally starting to kick the habit, as indeed alcoholism rates steeply declined in the 2010s thanks to legislation.
    • Finland must be mentioned again; even at the physical age of 12 while living under Sweden, he was infamous for his drinking habits that could put Russia to shame. He's a major reason why Sweden started imposing restrictions on booze during the later parts of his empire. He actually did recognize he had a problem however, and try to remedy this, enacting a prohibition law soon after gaining independence that he had been considering for ages (which he never got to enact because of Russia's intervention)... and it backfired horribly as he starts experiencing withdrawal immediately. And unlike Russia, he really can't seem to kick the habit, though nowadays he's become progressively more Never Gets Drunk (whereas in the postwar era his drunken rages could scare poor Åland into staying under the table for hours).
    • South Korea/Yong-Soo Lee, despite by physical age (17) not being allowed to drink legally, also shows some signs of this. He's more of a social drinker, but he apparently grows a bit restless if he goes two days without soju; which, note, is basically Gargle Blaster and knocked out America after a mere two shots.
    • Austria has an extreme binge-drinking habit. In fact, the worst in the world. It becomes especially apparent when there's a lot of turmoil in his life like the late 19th-early 20th century.
  • Alternate Character Interpretation: Or rather, straight-up rewriting would be more accurate. At least half of the cast that is a holdover from canon is altered in some major way, many of them straight-up inverted due to initial inaccuracy. Italy is a sharp-tongued, argumentative loudmouth, Russia rarely smiles, England is the epitome of Stiff Upper Lip, South Korea is a troubled, stressed, incredibly perfectionistic young man, and so on. There's so many of these changes to characters that another page is probably needed to list them all. Even those that do remain similar to their canon counterparts on the surface like America have changes, especially due to the shift in tone. The author also likes going out of her way to highlight these changes. This results in scenes like Italy laying thick Trash Talk on Germany during a football game, Poland making Rated M for Manly statements like “A REAL man _!” and calling Italy gay for fussing over his messy appearance, Russia being freaked out over others smiling at each other, Finland and Lithuania lashing out at Sweden and Poland respectively, Sweden calling Finland a redneck, a Running Gag of Switzerland mistaking Liechtenstein as one of his cantons instead of remembering she’s a country, or Prussia telling Austria that his smile is annoying and Austria proceeding to annoy him further, that are often initially extremely surreal to read for Hetalia fans going in blind (or even those with prior knowledge for that matter).
    • This is also regularly hammered home in art, such as in their portraits, always drawn with their new personalities in mind as well as the Feliksball comics. Then there’s things like the two-panel High School AU-esque comic in which Hungary and Romania (pending) are arguing, which the author has admitted to drawing purely to have a group crowd shot which happens to have characters like Poland, (albeit seemingly drunk) Lithuania, Italy, Greece, Egypt, and India going nuts and chanting “FIGHT! FIGHT! FIGHT!” (followed by a tiny panel in the corner of Prussia with a “I’m so done with this place” look on his face no less).
  • Always Identical Twins: North and South Korea look very similar, the only way to tell them apart being their hair curl being pointed in different directions and the color of their clothes, and North being somewhat taller... at least as children. In modern day, their appearances have very much diverged due to their circumstances; North is shorter and has narrower eyes than his twin, and looks somewhat emaciated, making the twins strikingly different.
  • Amazingly Embarrasing Parents: A lot of the quirkier rulers (and there are many), particularly in pre-modern times, are basically this to their realms/nations whenever their quirks show up; despite the fact that 99.99% of the time the nation/realm is much older. Especially if the realm/nation appears to be younger-looking, with the nation/realm being just as likely to act like an embarrassed parent if older-looking. The “Misadventures At The Top” fic compilation is basically just eccentric rulers being eccentric and embarrassing their nations/realms. Though it also serves as lighthearted respite as some of these are remembered fondly by the nation themselves.
  • Ambiguous Innocence: Some of the Troubling Unchildlike Behavior is said to be attributed to this in a way, as when, say, nations in the Middle Ages were children such things were acceptable and they didn't know any better. Though they seem way more aware of politics than children should be.
    • Exploited by Prussia when raising Germany. Germany, already basically a product of German nationalism, was probably predisposed to at least some chauvinism already; but to reinforce it, as a general exercise in dehumanization, and because Prussia just plain despised Poles, it's shown that Prussia basically forced Posen (their partition of Poland, who has now been split into three people (pending)) to become Germany's personal Butt-Monkey both via neglect and deliberately when he was very young, encouraging abuse towards him and treating him like a pet, telling Germany that "Poles are savages. They aren't like us." as justification for this. However, probably due to being a nation, it's shown that this conditioning hadn't made Germany entirely impervious to the suffering of those he was told to dehumanize, as he was rather horrified when he heard about the colonial genocides in Africa and the mass-expulsion of Poles with foreign citizenship by Prussia. Though Prussia slaps and eviscerates him verbally for this.
  • Ambiguously Gay: While the writer generally tries to avoid slash, it’s notably mentioned a few times how many historians suspect good Old Fritz the Great was one of these, usually in throwaway gags as something that frustrates Prussia and Brandenburg to no end. Such as this little bit in Bons Baisers De Russie as Fritz fanboys over Marianne:
    Fem!France: Oh, it appears your king has interest in women after all, Prusse?
    Prussia: *eye twitching*
    Frederick: Why, you aren’t any woman. In my eyes, you are a nation before a woman; and can’t one be fascinated by another just as an intellectual idol and conversation partner?
    Prussia: *slowly facepalms as Brandenburg looks sheepish* Your Highness, you’re not helping the rumors of you being a sodomite.
    Frederick: They can believe what they want to believe.
    Prussia: *buries face deeper into hands and groans*
  • Antiquated Linguistics: Characters in the 18th to 19th centuries tend to talk like this, except when it completely clashes with their character. pending 
    • North Korea (along with other North Koreans) often speaks like this, plus a few Perfectly Cromulent Words for new words, and the narration often gains a few shades of it as well when focusing on him. The whole Korea family used to talk like this until as late as the 1950s (leading to the strange circumstance of Yong as a child having more flowery vocabulary than he does now), but South has dropped it since then, leaving only North speaking like an old man. The writer has stated this is one of the reasons why she loves writing him so much. This also has the effect of adding to his... overall unsettling-ness. This is, in fact, Truth in Television, as North Korean is in fact more dated and archaic than South Korean due to a dedication to language purity. North doesn’t have much of an accent though, unlike most North Koreans, probably so that his speech isn’t incomprehensible.
  • Attention Deficit... Ooh, Shiny!: Even if less ditzy than his canon counterpart, Italy still often comes across as sloppy and disorganized in thought, which probably contributes to his clumsiness.
  • The Atoner: Germany, starting from around the 60s or so, full stop. He has the distinction of being one of the few characters to acknowledge and repent for what he has done, and in modern day gives nowhere near the militaristic impressions canon Germany gives, wearing his hair down and muscle-concealing clothing, making efforts to not get angry at others, and keep his humility in check. He's one of the few characters who can be called genuinely, completely good in modern day, and tries harder than anyone to be kind, to the point of being a bit of a bleeding-heart. Anything, so he doesn't repeat his past, and he intends on always keeping this burden with him, even for "a thousand years". He has tried so hard to better himself that calling him a Nazi is one of the easiest ways to break him. He is even apprehensive about waving his flag for any reason outside of soccer, and even then France notes the small German flags in the trash after a match. It's even stated that the realization of his crimes has caused the mildly sociopathic instincts that all nations tend to have to be blocked.
  • Badass Baritone: Russia has a much lower voice in this canon (a lowered version of his canon voice), mainly to avoid Vocal Dissonance with his new brooding personality and to fit the Husky Russkie stereotype a bit more, if not completely.
    • Other voices also also occasionally lowered to fit the characters, as canonical voices tend to be a bit cutesy, though it’s avoided when possible (e.g. Latvia, Finland, to a minor extent Poland and Lithuania).
    • Sweden is also a baritone now, but only because his voice was actually made higher, unlike other changes, whereas before he was very much in Basso Profundo range.
  • Badass Israeli: Israel/David Cohen, obviously. He can find a way to defeat you in the most unexpected way possible without breaking a sweat, and will likely be able to defeat you in a fight twice as easy, and also rub it in your face.
  • Berserk Button: England/Arthur Kirkland, despite being a Kuudere in this canon, has certain buttons you should never press; usually something comically mundane like insulting soccer/football (or his team losing) or messing with his tea. Doing so will make him go into chav mode, i.e., Unstoppable Rage. This is more easily triggered when he's drunk or when it's football season too, so careful there especially.
    • Another more comedic one is Italy’s pride in his food; it is absolutely Serious Business. Tampering with it, especially if he or anyone in the family isn’t the one doing it is a mortal sin. Lithuania learns this the hard way when Italy finds out he puts mayonnaise and ketchup on pizza. It’s also shown that this is a family trait concerning regional dishes specifically; even the calmer members of the family like Genoa will easily fly into a rage about it. Even France considers his standards high.
    • In modern day, China hates being mistaken for a women or having his feminine appearance pointed out. Being called feminine is basically to him what being called "short" is to Edward Elric; do not, under any circumstance, do it. He has the most soldiers in the world and has the strength to match, it's gonna hurt. Though this also counts as, in a way, a Trauma Button, as it all comes back to his chronic fear of being exploited and being seen as weak. He also makes snide comments about the "new meat" (basically feminine men) trend among the youth, despite his own looks. This does also show signs of changing however; in one Culture Clash entry, a girl flirts with him, praising him for his looks; he of course blows up at her and scares her away, but it's shown that deep inside he actually liked that someone found him attractive.
    • Lithuania does not like being mistaken for Latvia, or even worse, being mistaken for a region of Russia. Or Poland addressing him as an old buddy. He already can be a bit hotheaded in this canon, but these will most likely result in absolutely explosive anger.
    • Do not, for the love of all that is holy, under any circumstance, say anything negative about Thailand’s king. EVER. It’s the only way to truly piss him off short of probably massacring his citizens without wearing him down to that point. If you think Japan loves his emperor a bit too much, that’s nothing compared to him (in modern day at least).
    • Reminding Bolivia about her coastline. Especially if you’re Chile. Unfortunately for her, Chile likes bringing it up, as do others, as well as the fact that she’s landlocked and will forever be so. She was such a sore loser about it she still tries to act as if she still has that province. Note, Chile took it over a century and a half ago.
    • For Greece, calling North Macedonia Macedonia. For North Macedonia, denying he’s Macedonia. Yep.
    • Human example; Prussia’s King Friedrich Wilhelm I and France. No, really, he goes into hilarious, Edward Elric-esque Unstoppable Rages around him, causing Prussia and Brandenburg much embarrassment at public events and requiring them to jump him and drag him away cartoonishly. And no one really knows why.
  • Beyond Redemption: Norway revokes his reservations against capital punishment the Nazi regime for Les Collaborateurs. Though he apparently feels a bit of guilt about it, it just shows how much contempt he has for these traitors, and he knows full well he got it relatively easy compared to most other countries.
  • Boisterous Bruiser: America, particularly post-WWII, is ultimately this past all the political mess.
    • Australia, of course. Though not as overbearing and egotistical as most examples.
    • Poland; specifically Commonwealth Poland. And how. In contrast to his rather feminine personality in canon, and despite his slender appearance, Commonwealth Feliks is pretty much the archetypical example of this trope; loads of ham, an open heart, an ego the size of Jupiter, clothing that pretty much was woven from Rule of Cool, and a fondness for big feasts and drunken fights. Though his ego proves to be his downfall as well.
    • Philippines is a female example.
  • Black Comedy: Some humorous entries can turn into this. The author actually considered making Alt-talia a satirical series focused on this, a-la Polandball, before settling on dark political/historical drama, though holdovers of it can be seen in the aforementioned entries, and comedic personality traits like England's Unstoppable Rage mode. Also, obviously there is Feliksball, in which this isn't uncommon.
  • British Stuffiness: England, obviously, especially during the Victorian era. Albeit, seemingly contradictorily, he can come across as rather serendipitous and lackadaisical as well, to the point of being a Troll.
  • Butt-Monkey: Poor Italy is a bit of this, especially from his birth until the WWII period (and even more so nearing the latter), as well as in some vaguely canon short comedic one-shots. He’s obviously in over his head, being subjected to stuff like wearing shoes with cardboard soles while invading the Soviet Union in winter, his tanks breaking down at the most inopportune moments, or chronic supply and resource shortage even by Axis standards, cursed with a family who will never agree on everything and his usual clumsiness, fumbling with his guns and tripping mid-charge, and unlike canon Italy doesn’t even have the friendship of the other Axis members, Germany in fact blaming a lot of failures on him even when Italy actually does something right; their alliance can be described as abusive at worst. Though the audience is also made to feel sorry for his sorry state, and depending on the tone of the story he can swing from this to The Woobie. While Germany also gets a bit of a rough childhood, this poor kid didn’t even know what he was, and no one really wanted him for a while; Germany was the child prodigy who others feared, while nothing seems to go right for Italy.
    • Poland gets this treatment sometimes; more commonly in modern day/contemporary stories, but occasionally even Commonwealth Poland can have very bad luck just due to his potential for extremely over-the-top reactions.
    • In the Kantai Collection mini-crossover comedy skits/strips, the Kreigsmarine, especially post 1943, with how few of them there are, how often they get outnumbered, how they often get taken out or die unceremoniously, and how their nation treats them recklessly and expects them to be a One-Man Army despite that being extremely impractical, despite all the care that went into designing them, sending them out to fend for themselves or in a small party to get a No-Holds-Barred Beatdown by enemy fleets. No matter how hard they fight, despite lacking basically everything for their nation, and no matter what they do, they will always get shafted until their inevitable, untimely death. Apparently, even the entire idea of the crossover started from this joke, especially after seeing that this was a fact that not even many Japanese battleship otaku knew, and the author also wanted to remind Japanese otaku that Nazi Germany was a bit of a Jerkass. While a lot of the Kantai characters in the mini-series are basically treated as at least somewhat expendable and as objects, and they clearly accept it, even then one can't help but feel a bit of pity for the poor bastards.
  • Black Comedy Rape: There has been at least one occasion of a story from The Great Khanate/Mongol Empire’s POV where her doing... unpleasant things, from what it seems violently, with some unfortunate man is mentioned casually.
  • Cain and Abel: North and South Korea seem to fit the bill. North... isn’t exactly stable, to say the least, while South is left with the burden of dealing with him and is way more well put together. However, North isn’t exactly malicious, as his violent tendencies, obsession, and Black and White Morality are all due to him being specially groomed for these traits, and North truly thinks what he’s doing is right. Ironically, it could be said that North Korea comes across as one of the most sympathetic characters in the cast, as he genuinely comes across as a teenager who is being manipulated. Plus, when he isn’t provoked he comes across as a surprisingly normal person.
  • Card-Carrying Villain: Hello, Mongol Empire. Her sheer revelry in bloodshed even by medieval standards can Cross the Line Twice due to how unapologetic she is, instead of falling into the contradictory self-defense arguments that appear often later. Though the revelry in bloodshed is also shown to be something she deliberately tries to play up to get others to submit; she would much rather others surrender to her than put up a fight, and she punishes her enemies brutally only when they don't listen to her. If you listen or help her, she will be almost motherly towards you.
  • Catchphrase:
    • A good way to tell if Poland is speaking is if there's a "kurwa" somewhere in the line, because he uses it a lot.
    • Same for "Oy vey" for David/Israel; it's less spammable than "kurwa", but he uses it when expressing disbelief or frustration, something very common especially as "David".
    • "It'll sort itself out!" for Iceland; it is also often used to snappily differentiate this version from the more melancholic canon version.
  • Chickification: Belarus, particularly in modern day. Kind of. She's no longer the brother-obsessed knife-wielding Yandere she is in canon, but a soft-spoken wallflower who in fact almost always gets roped into the interests of everyone else and never the reverse (with the one and only exception of in early childhood where she liked messing around with Lithuania's forebearers and participated in Rus politics, proudly declaring herself leader), a Forgettable Character with all but her immediate neighbors. She especially just allows herself to get swung around by Russia and her own dictator a lot, because she believes that that's what will make her safe, allowing her boss to make all her decisions even if she has no say in it (though even she had to object to the anti-homelessness bill that made homelessness illegal, as if people could just choose to not be homeless). All in all she is probably the most dainty seeming character out of the pre-existing cast who is bigger than a microstate. Though this version of the character also comes with a lot of Adaptational Kindness and stability, a bit of a rarity in this canon; she's generally much sweeter than her fellow East Slavs once her low levels of self confidence and initial stoicness are broken through, is the most neat out of the former Soviet group by far, has never declared war on anyone in centuries (though not being able to was a major factor), never really wished horrible things on others in the 20th century when toxic levels of nationalism were rampant, and unlike the other former Soviets hates getting into fights even when drunk. She also speaks the most politely out of the three, in contrast to her canon counterpart being Madame Swears-A-Lot. Partly because of this the author tends to like her a lot. However, she has fought before, and is willing to do so if necessary, participating in wars with Lithuania even during their marriage (albeit less often), being a very proactive wife, fighting in the November Uprising alongside the rest of the former Commonwealth, bitterly fighting in WWII as a partisan against Nazis until the bitter end (something she sees as one of her finest hours), and still seeing regular military parades as normal, making this a downplayed example.
  • Chick Magnet: Those with an extremely high Cultural Charisma can get this as a side effect; or at least, they can make the opposite sex feel... things for them. Most prominently Ancient Rome and China for a great deal of his time as Imperial China, albeit most examples seem to be offscreen, and female nations are shown to be at least attracted to France during when he was most influential; they also aren’t afraid to take advantage of this both as a method of manipulation and in the exact way you’d think (though Rome is far less shameless about his exploits here, and China more so during the peak of the Tang Dynasty, as depending on the dynasty he can also be rather prudish). It’s not made extremely clear how much it affects humans, but all three of them seem to be Chick Magnets for humans as well.
    • A lot of women in the places he’s stationed in during the WWII arc seem to like Feliks... a lot. It’s even a bit of a Running Gag. It’s only for this arc, however.
    • Dude Magnet: In one of the stories written pre-release, Bons Baisers De Russie, in which Marianne is used instead of Francis to represent France, it’s shown that most of Europe finds her hot, though not to the cartoony extent of a Hello Nurse character for all of them (with some exceptions like England, though even he begrudgingly accepts some of her traits are worth envying), which she isn’t afraid to use.
  • Child Prodigy: “The Prodigy” is often used as a descriptor for Germany, especially in contrast to Italy. As he becomes one of the strongest powers in Europe a few years after his birth, is talented in both sciences and literature, takes to the military easily and is an extremely fast learner, it’s a pretty apt comparison. He also has some of the issues associated with being a prodigy as well, in contrast to Italy’s inability to live up to expectations. In human A Us, he’s appropriately often cast as a prodigy or at least extremely intelligent for his age (e.g. in EC x Alt-talia an incarnation of him manages to make a poisonous medical potion at the age of 7, and another incarnation of him is an exceptionally good marksman from the age of 9, reading physics textbooks and medical encyclopedias at age 13, and is evaluated to be suitable as a secret police agent at 17. The latter is especially notable as the latter version didn’t have Prussia hanging over him into adulthood).
  • Cloudcuckoo Lander: All of the micronations to some extent, as they're as eccentric as their creators, and are given more leeway to be so. Though many come off as just having innocent childhood fun and imaginations; and then there's those who show a more anarchic or loony bent, often confusing the more innocent ones. The former are more likely to inspire amusement (or even slight envy) at their innocence and quirkiness than the latter (who may inspire annoyance), and their host nations may also even like humoring them, even if they never would formally recognize them (e.g. England with Sealand and Lithuania with Užupis).
    • Belgium is occasionally shown to say and think some straight-up surreal things.
    • Russia. Specifically when it comes to weird weapons and tactics that are crazy enough to work.
    • America too, in a similar way to Russia sort of (he actually comes up with the idea to strap bombs on bats to send them at enemies. And yes, that was actually an idea someone had), plus stuff like calling french fries Freedom Fries for a while after getting salty that France doesn’t like him invading Iraq.
    • England can come across as one by virtue of being so hilariously unflappable.
    • Wales is a bit spacey, to say the least.
    • The Balts can be a bit... strange at times, if not slightly creepy. Latvia particularly comes off as really spacey for most of his existence.
  • Crapsack World: It isn't an exaggeration to say that almost everyone has done something awful at one point, and awful stuff keeps happening. All countries are outright stated by Word of God to be "almost mildly sociopathic" by instinct; while they might all act differently, all, when stripped down, are driven primarily by self-interest, often making shifting alliances that no one even pretends are actual friendships, backstabbing, sabotaging, and engaging in extreme amounts of hypocrisy and manipulation, with even strong friendships having the potential to go up in flames or be straight-up forgotten (a great departure from the author's other works which often have The Power of Friendship as a theme). While there are a select few seeming exceptions, they all had exceptional circumstances for this, and only modern Germany seems to entirely have overcome these instincts. Though even then there is an undercurrent of hope lingering, and the moments of international friendship and goodwill shine through even more because of it.
  • Crossover: Aside from the entirely human AU EC x Alt-talia, occasionally, even if they’re unlikely to get a full mini-series like America's Stepbrother, America's Enemy or Video Game/Kaiserreich, the author will write/draw a one-off based on a historical, geopolitical, Alternate History, or otherwise relevant story that catches her interest to explore how the characters might differ in the setting.
    • There were also the one-off, sort of Black Comedy Kantai Collection crossover skits which were used to discuss naval warfare and how various countries approached it (e.g. England being uncharacteristically doting, albeit clearly having favorites, while Germany and Prussia both expect too much of them and are comically deadbeat), albeit some stuff is already covered in the main series or even in other lighter stories. Though the author admits that she doesn’t know much about the series, it usually isn’t too notable due to the skits/strips being extremely short (though there are a few deliberate changes like the Bismarck being a masculine crossdresser and the uniforms looking slightly less "anime")... also certain members of the Kriegsmarine and all of the Soviet ships get a Gender Flip due to how certain ships in German and all ships in Russian are male. MMD versions of these skits are actually some of the few Alt-talia related material translated into Japanese, and are available on Nico Nico Douga.
  • Curse of the Ancients: The author seems to have a lot of fun with making characters throw around period-appropriate slurs and insults that sound pretty silly today.
    • North Korea still uses these, as part of the whole Antiquated Linguistics thing, for generic swears and insults; or more accurately, he often uses insults like a Fire Emblem character, including not uncommon use of the infamous “dastard”. He also uses “dotard” as an insult, a clear reference to when Kim Jong-Un was translated to refer to U.S. President Donald Trump as such in response to Trump’s UN General Assembly speech in 2017.
    • Even in modern day, characters may say things that are indicative of older generations.
  • Decomposite Character: Germania isn’t one character, but more a bunch of unrelated tribes Rome often has trouble telling apart, as is more accurate of contemporary perceptions.
  • Deliberate Values Dissonance: Yuuuuup. The characters are all written by what is "mainstream" in a given country. So everyone thinks in ways that are normal for their era and/or culture, no matter how reprehensible the author herself finds it; e.g. early 1900s America doesn't see anything wrong with calling China and Japan "Ching-chong" and "Chink", Fem!France in a pre-release fic sees nothing with threatening Austria by saying “I hope Russe sodomizes you” during the Concert of Vienna talks (note, she would have actually legalized it in law during the revolution), and in modern day Russia and Balkan characters use “fag” as an insult, and (human) women were still demeaned by most until recently. This is also why most of even the OCs are male, as the author doesn't want to contradict the cultures of countries as much as possible. This is also reflected in how pre-nationalism nations work, as before then the countries were, for the most part, bound to their rulers and not their people, as such they often don't feel much connection to the average peasant.
  • Do-Anything Soldier: Justified for many nations, who usually have the ability to serve in any military branch, force, or division unless they have a reason to be exempt from it. They can even teleport around so they can be present at all important fronts and military engagements. Occasionally, particularly if that nation has personified subdivisions, a character can spend most of their time in one branch or force (e.g. Milano and Veneziano are in the Alpini, Alaska is more likely to happen to be in the Air Force at any given time); before the 19th century or so, however, it is common for a character to be the type of soldier considered the most iconic and/or befitting of their noble status (e.g. Commonwealth!Poland is always a Winged Hussar after their introduction, Spain and Napolitano are pikemen), though even then they often seem to do whatever would be the most cool in the story (one of the more notable examples being how England was a longbowman throughout his childhood but still has swordfights on the battlefield).
  • Does This Remind You of Anything?: Austria’s immediate reaction upon losing the Austro-Prussian War and therefore losing any hope of “fathering” Germany would probably sound like a woman who just had her first miscarriage out of context.
  • Dragged into Drag: One of Russia’s empresses, Elizaveta (not to be confused with Hungary, who is now Erzsébet), on top of her over-the-top parties, throws crossdressing balls; and had a giant sack-back gown tailor made just for poor, teenage Russia to wear to these like a little girl forcing her brother to role-play a tea party with her. Note, he’s a pretty traditionally masculine character and remains consistently so. And yes, other nations laugh at his expense for it. The only reason he or anyone attends them is that the empress looks hot even in drag. In Bons Baisers De Russie, Russia has the misfortune of her telling Marianne “Oh, he loves putting it on!”. Though despite this humiliation and her other eccentricities, he remembers her fondly for not being horrifically abusive or neglectful. ...And yes, this is based in reality.
  • Dramedy: A really good example, discounting Culture Clash. While it's mainly a dark drama, there will be comedic chapters every now and again that will probably throw you for a loop, times when the stereotype sides of their characters show through, and there's also scenes like this one after London is bombed once again in the WWII arc:
    England: Ah, Canada- *cough* How are you *cough* faring?
    Canada: Father, your head is covered in blood, can you not see that?! Please take it easy!
    England: Ah, this? *cough* Terribly irritating, I must say *cough* the blood is stinging my eyes- *coughs blood*
    Canada: GOOD GOD! ...Sorry at the outburst, but how can you call that "terribly irritating"?!
    England: A mere few square kilometers destroyed, is all- *coughs blood again, into Canada's lap*
    Canada: MERE?!
  • Denser and Wackier: The micronations. Most of them are pretty cartoony, the notable ones having a very strong "quirk" to define them (e.g. Kugelmugel and Ladonia are artists, Užupis is a laid-back hippie, Other World Kingdom is a Dominatrix and the Token Adult, and Hay-on-Waye is a Bookworm, plus the many anarchic ones), even more so since they understandably only occasionally are shown, mostly as a Breather Episode. They resemble early canon Hetalia characters quite a bit in this way, and their Day in the Limelight episodes are also almost always this, which coming from normal Alt-talia can be a bit jarring even if the main story, especially the more humorous entries, can have pretty cartoony moments. Downplayed for the major out of them, Sealand, who is basically a rebellious young boy with a super active imagination, but compared to canon he isn't as obnoxious about wanting to be recognized, as he doesn't care that no one recognizes him as a country, saying he's confident enough in himself to not need outside validation... or so he states. However, there was a time where micronations created in response to actual issues are shown, and while they're still very quirky the issues are treated seriously (pending). They generally seem to exist on a Lighter and Softer plane of existence, even becoming mere mortals if their existence is terminated, as opposed to being killed off.
  • Drill Sergeant Nasty: Prussia. And unlike in canon, he keeps “strict military man” as his default personality. Though he’s lighter on the insults than other examples unless they’re someone who’s being extremely difficult like Bavaria or Cologne, that doesn’t stop him from actually shooting at poor young Germany while chasing him on horseback as punishment, taking advantage of the fact that it’s impossible to kill a nation conventionally. This starts rubbing off on Germany eventually, though by modern day the kid completely avoids it, unlike his canon counterpart.
    • Ancient Rome is also shown to be this towards soldiers, even more so than any modern examples. And unlike Prussia, he doesn’t give a damn about your personal honor if you won’t make a good soldier, as such lays on the “Maggot!”s, “Pussy!”s, and ultra colorful swears thick. There are even scenes cribbed out of Full Metal Jacket.
    • Sparta, of course, is the crowning Drill Sergeant Nasty of all Drill Sergeant Nasty. They won’t even go easy on children, boys starting their training at 7. Oh yeah, Sparta is a woman, though the soldiers don’t know this (pending). She doesn’t even care if you die. Athens in particular is baffled at her practices, noting how terrifyingly emotionally stunted her men (and Sparta herself) are. Note, the other Greek City States are hardly soft and nice either.
      Athens: Innocent boys come out as hardened soldiers, but with merely half the souls of men, the other half having been mutilated, worn, and torn away in gruesome fashion. At times, I doubt if the madwoman herself has a soul either.
  • Dude Looks Like a Lady: China, just like in canon. He also still sounds feminine, as he has the same voice. For the longest time, this was considered attractive, as such he took pride in it; but as mentioned above, in modern day it’s... best not to bring it up to him. Russia learned this the hard way in their first meeting after the Deng Xiao Ping reforms after he mocks him for his appearance. Yes. That Russia.
  • Dysfunction Junction: Hoo boy. When many of the main characters are actual war criminals and selfish by instinct, functioning like a normal human is actually something pretty impressive. The EU bloc, the most developed ones at least, seem to not be this, but it's just that they're not so much anymore, and even then they still can be prone to many complexes. In fact, it's been said that nations have a different set of instincts from humans, which often manifests as what seems to be very mild sociopathy. It's telling that they seem right at home in an Evillious Chronicles setting, and in fact there they somehow seem less morally ambiguous.
  • Eloquent in My Native Tongue: When communicating in a language they aren’t native to, depending on the fluency of the overall population, they may speak in anything ranging from You No Take Candle to Surprisingly Good English, but when speaking their native language they speak very fluently, possibly with accents for parts of countries like states or to convey personality.
  • Emotionless Girl: Modern Belarus rarely emotes, though if someone notices her in a positive way she can show a bit of a smile.
  • Enfant Terrible: Read Troubling Unchildlike Behavior for more. Nations are nations no matter their age.
  • Entitled to Have You: Imperial Japan towards his “Co-Prosperity Sphere”, though for all but probably Taiwan (pending) it's more an extremely twisted familial (?) love than romantic. While he isn’t wrong in thinking that the European Imperial powers don’t have the best interests of their colonies in mind, and that they subjected China in particular to an epic Trauma Conga Line, he believes himself to be a better Imperial master because he supposedly knows and understands his fellow Asians unlike them... despite all evidence to the contrary. In fact, he’s more abusive for the most part than any of them. But because he’s an East Asian just like them, he HAS to be their designated leader to lead them to an Asian Utopia in which they can all be one big happy family. And any suggestion that he’s hurting them more than the European empires ever did is enough to make him fly into a terrifying Unstoppable Rage, especially towards his colonies for being “ungrateful”. For Taiwan in particular, he basically treats her as his trophy wife (pending).
    • Russia could be seen to have an attitude like this towards his sisters. Familial Nationalism can tend to share many similarities with this trope, but Russia in particular feels that his sisters shouldn’t “abandon” him because of their blood ties. Particularly Ukraine.
  • Even Evil Has Loved Ones: Mongol Empire is probably one of the few nation characters who can be called a "villain" in the series; she’s basically an unstoppable force who gleefully murders other countries and masses of innocent people, deliberately using gut-wrenching Cold-Blooded Torture that even makes medieval stomachs turn before doing so to make others fear her... but even then she's apparently a loving mother. A precious commodity in the Alt-talia universe. Mongolia only remembers this kind mother, so they (note: gender unconfirmed) take any insults at her expense, no matter how justified, with great offense.
    • Even nations at their most vile, at least post-nationalism, often do such things out of a connection to their people. This doesn’t always mean they’re against throwing many individuals of their own into the grinder, however, so it can come across as hypocritical.
  • Everyone Has Standards: Examples abound:
    • When people find out what King Leopold II was doing with his "humanitarian money" in the Congo Free State, even the Imperial Powers were in utter horror at what the man had done.
    • Mongol Empire’s cruelty towards her enemies are a bit much even by medieval standards. The medieval Europeans are the same kids who think public drawing and quartering is a perfectly justified judicial punishment and basically exist only to fight in wars.
    • The above-mentioned instances of a younger Germany being horrified by extreme cruelty towards people that he’s been taught his whole life are less than human. It’s shown in general that he’s more kindhearted, or at least openly so, than Prussia, something which Prussia sees to stamping out. But this gets beaten out of him by the middle of World War I, and as we all know, a little over two decades later...
    • Speaking of, most of Europe didn’t particularly like Jews or Slavs in the early 40s. But even then the Holocaust was terrible enough to shock many, and for them to reflect on what they had done.
    • Also of note is that Italy is incredibly reluctant about turning in Jews during WWII.
    • Though China may be a selfish Jerkass who wouldn’t care if someone was drowning in front of him, when he saw that a bunch of economic migrants in his capital had their houses bulldozed over he offered a family food and blankets. There’s also a short drabble where he decides to turn a blind eye to a small group of North Korean refugees passing through.
  • Female Misogynist: Just because a nation is female doesn’t mean they respect women during eras where misogyny was normal. They just get concessions to act like men in their mind because they’re countries, and among normal humans they either crossdress or act like how a “proper” woman should, not finding anything wrong with it as that’s what’s normal for them. Though the author does try to make new female countries female when the society is relatively egalitarian to avoid this.
  • Five-Man Band: The most prominent members of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (while other members exist, these are the most consistent and appear most often):
    • The Leader: Poland (headstrong)
    • The Lancer: Lithuania
    • The Smart Guy: David (While an on-and-off member, he may as well be a member with how the plurality of his time is spent here and how often he is written as if he's part of it)
    • The Big Guy: Lipka (Not in the traditional sense, being an archer and all, but she not only is basically Lithuania's bodyguard, or at least starts as such, but she has the mentality of this character type)
    • The Chick: Natallia/Byelorussia
  • Foolish Sibling, Responsible Sibling: America and Canada respectively. Though Canada can be a bit snobbish about it.
  • Foreign Cuss Word: Used quite often, due to obvious reasons.
    • "Kurwa" is basically Poland's catchphrase. Its use is very versatile, from expressing amazement to Oh, Crap! to Big "NO!".
    • It's similar with Finland and "perkele", and to a lesser extent Russia and "blyat".
    • The author often averts this when a non-English speaking nation curses in a more lighthearted entry, directly translating swears, idioms, or interjections that sound silly in English just for Rule of Funny, resulting in China calling a pedestrian he almost runs over a "son of a turtle", Argentina dramatically shouting at Chile he hopes he gets fucked by a fish, Serbia angrily shouting "fuck your blood!" after Croatia... or any curse word Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, or Bosnia says when translated for that matter. And they do. A lot. For less vulgar ones, there's things like Poland expressing surprise by saying "By St. Hyacinth and his pierogis..." instead of his standard "kurwa" (unfortunately he doesn't say it much anymore), or the myriad of Gosh Dang It to Heck!-esque swears Lithuania and Latvia used for most of their life if the need arose (e.g. "Green Rue!" and "Gritty Flour!”)
  • Freudian Trio:
    • The Baltic states: Lithuania, now the most expressive, proud, fiery, and anger-prone out of the three (Id); Estonia, the slow and unemotional but logical, blunt, and practical prodigy (Superego); and Latvia, who is somewhere in the middle, though probably the most shy, conflicted, and least figured out (Ego).
    • The East Slavs: Ukraine is now by far the most emotionally expressive, anger-prone, impulsive, and idealistic (Id), Belarus is borderline unemotional, accepts things as they come, and values order over freedom (Superego), while Russia is basically the default leader and is both emotionally turbulent and stoic (Ego); though it somewhat deconstructs the dynamic as Russia’s relationships with them are hardly healthy.
    • The most prominent members of the German family within the German Empire fit this dynamic quite well; Prussia is always disciplined, practical, and calculating (Superego), Bavaria is proud, carefree, boisterous, and only listens to what he or God wants (Id), with Germany, of course, being representative of the whole union (Ego); albeit, he leans way more towards Prussia so it can be pretty lopsided.
  • Germanic Depressives: Germany, of course; he tends to be pessimistic, a complainer, and and rather worry-prone. However, it’s actually a bit downplayed, and in modern day he even isn’t that much of a Workaholic, seeing rest as an essential part of being a hard worker. And even when he was younger, he didn’t epitomize this trope as much as Prussia, who in this canon has No Sense of Humor, is almost a Perpetual Frowner, and once England even remarks he questions if Prussia even has a soul.
  • Grey On Grey Morality: Usually morality functions like this; maybe one side might be darker and the other lighter, but this was one of the goals of the series. Though if narrowed down to specific events, you might get more Black On Grey Morality situations like World War II, where the Axis are the clear villains but many of the Allies are also shown to engage in unsavory tactics, and have a history of doing so. Even many of the more innocent-seeming characters have probably done something awful in the past.
  • Hates Their Parent: Germany, for a good while after coming to terms with the war, denounces Prussia, seeing his parenting as a major reason for him going down the dark path he did. The Allies told him such, citing him being the source of German materialism as their reason for finally killing him. After the turn of the 21st century however, he starts to see him in a more nuanced light. While Germany still doesn’t think his father raised him right, he recognizes why he did so, why he thought the way he did, and how he had a side that wasn’t just militarism.
  • He Really Can Act: In a sense. Characters such as Russia, Poland, Lithuania, Japan, and Finland tend to have naturally laid back or calm voices in canon, however they often have songs that require them to sound not only angry, but plain enraged, or in the case of those like Russia or Finland, are expected to have a more harsh voice; the results are some amazing examples of just what utagrowl and moresampler are capable of, which makes it so that these voices can vocalize visceral growls and more powerful shouts. It can be genuinely terrifying to hear Japan's normally calm, gentle voice growl and snarl in barely suppressed rage, and Poland and Lithuania sound genuinely angry and bitter in Imitacja Juoda.
  • Heterosexual Life-Partners: Basically what "union-brotherhood" is supposed to be. How it actually turns out varies, however. In Prussia and Brandenburg/Arendt's case it's pretty much enforced.
  • He Who Fights Monsters: America genuinely wants to be a beacon for democracy, the shining city upon a hill others can aspire to be, to help others. However, even after two My God, What Have I Done? moments (one after the Philippine-American War, the other after the Vietnam War), he always finds himself getting into wars and playing manipulative games to further these supposed goals which may go against said goals, with many dictatorships and terrorist groups having sprouted up thanks to him, having to be “friends” with allies like Saudi Arabia who go terribly against his values, and alienating the very nations he was trying to help with his post-9/11 Roaring Rampage of Revenge, killing thousands without much to show for it. In the most modern stories he’s going through his third disillusionment, albeit one less extreme than before; however, it’s here he comes to realize that he’s become so intertwined with everything he can’t just pull out of things when they go south, and has to keep on beating problems down until they hopefully disappear. Though it should be noted that even before WWII he wasn’t without his hypocrisies, I.e. his blatant disregard for the natives he came across. There’s a good reason he’s the alternate option for the Wrath dinner in Evillious Chronicles x Alt-talia alongside Germany.
    • Oh Poland, oh Poland... back in his height, he used to take pride in his religious tolerance and diversity, making it a point that he thought all were God’s children regardless of faith. This starts to slip as his condition starts to deteriorate, but right before partition he tries his damndest to reclaim this; after partition his three parts pursue more liberal nationalism, fighting alongside everyone in the PLC, and thanks to that David always sided with him. He becomes the Spanner in the Works to the empires occupying him, and as such Russia and Prussia try their damndest to snuff his culture, language, religion, and identity out, being regularly abused and beaten, in the case of Posen being used to train Germany and be the kid’s plaything, which only causes him to double down. However, eventually his nationalism turns toxic and authoritarian; after he gains independence, one of the first things he does is try to force the same kind of assimilation policy on Belarusians and Ukrainians, and relations between him and David become extremely uncertain. In modern day he’s probably one of the more intolerant members of the EU and seems to value his own pride over democracy as well. While he’s still as stubborn and proud as ever, he seems to have forgotten what he stood for, though there are signs that he might be changing.
    • Imperial Japan wanted to create a utopia for East Asians where they would stand united against the cruel colonial oppressors, helping modernize them and bring them into the 20th century. And while he does show some unsettling signs, manipulation, and brutality early on, it’s nothing by usual colonial standards, and he’s extremely by the book regarding prisoners of war in WWI, treating them like honored guests. His racial equality proposal being shot down in the League of Nations, however, starts him on a Sanity Slippage; he completely loses it after the Manchurian Incident, and ends up treating his occupied territories worse than any western empire ever did, brutalizing POWs and anyone who stands in his path.
  • High-Class Glass: England wears one during the appropriate time period, fittingly. He doesn’t wear it all the time, but still a lot of the time.
    • Brandenburg also wears one, as the monocle actually used to be a Prussian stereotype; though he doesn’t fit the personality type attached to the trope as much as England, he’s still shown as usually more cultured than Prussia. Though even Prussia is shown to have one he uses when reading fine print, he just doesn’t wear it often.
  • Historical Domain Character: Chock full of ‘em. Though rare, they can even get A Day in the Limelight chapters focusing on them or have segments in their point of view, as well as a few civilians, which serve as an way to view the perspectives of individuals that would have deviated from the mainstream their nation represents, or to show the human side and cost.
  • Innocent Fanservice Boy: Even during the 18th century Sweden (as well as Finland and Åland) find nothing strange about mixed bathing, or people seeing them bathing, much to a visitor's bafflement.
    • The Nordics in general are more loose on the nudity taboo (though all of them are far from sexually oblivious), but Iceland is probably the best example out of all of them. He thinks absolutely nothing of stripping in front of someone he doesn't know, even in public, and has no idea why anyone would find that strange. But combined with the fact that he's anything but sexually oblivious and also sees nothing wrong with Everyone Has Lots of Sex, he's also a great example in other senses of the term; this and his general lack of skeletons in his closet may also be why he has a disproportionate amount depictions in art and songs of him in a more moe fanservice-y way, or even straight-up fanservice, than others.
  • Interspecies Romance: If one thinks of nations as a different species from humans, the relationship between England and Queen Elizabeth I is this... sort of. Maybe. Due to the author’s reservations about shipping actual people who actually existed, even after her famous “I am married to my country” speech the furthest their relationship goes is this pseudo-Chastity Couple relationship, though he does have an innocent crush on her.
    • One-sided examples aren’t that uncommon though. The most notable is probably Anerica’s massive crush on Marilyn Monroe which is... way less innocent that England’s on Elizabeth.
  • Jaded Washout: Downplayed with Poland in modern day. While he’s often described as a “washed-up has-been” by the author, and he is indeed bitter, intolerant, bible-thumping, a heavy drinker and smoker, a massive complainer, and has a raging Inferiority Superiority Complex, but he also still has great potential in the future and is an extremely hard worker, even if he complains the whole time.
    • A similar case, ironically, is Lithuania, who goes from an Extreme Doormat to a grumpy, troubled, but prideful hothead in modern day. He likes to brag about his past much like Poland and possibly has an even worse Inferiority Superiority Complex (which Poland is a major factor in) which is often described as a “Sidekick Complex”, is a major alcoholic even by Eastern Europe standards, and compared to Estonia he has yet to truly carve out a place for himself in the world. But yet, much like Poland, he is still at least trying to work to make his life better, even if he might say extremely pessimistic things. Plus, this hotheadedness was also what helped come up with the whole Baltic Way idea.
  • Jerkass: Where to start?
    • Modern China/Yao Wang is probably the most blatant example. While others try to justify things to themselves, he's pretty aware of the fact that what he's doing isn't for anything but his benefit; though a good chunk of his decisions are also driven by a persecution complex due to going through an actual century of barely anything but foreign exploitation. Still, he believes that friendship in international relationships is a lie, and his Jerkassery can often wrap around to actually being entertaining. Even he has a good heart deep down though, as shown by when he gives blankets and food to people who got their shantytown bulldozed in Beijing, lets a group of North Korean defectors go out of pity, and in a literal Pet the Dog moment buys a dog from being eaten.
    • Israel in fact is kind of proud of this, taking a bit of pride in the fact that at least a few stores in tourist spots have banned him due to him being a douche. Though he more likes to see it as Brutal Honesty, and he's been pushed around and hunted for so long that he really doesn't care about not offending you anymore. However, he's also shown as a Jerk with a Heart of Gold to those he cares about and strangers.
  • Jerkass Woobie: Safe to say, most of the cast is this to some degree. It’s just that some are more so than others.
  • Jerk with a Heart of Jerk: Sort of; WWII-era Japan actually saves some Jews from Europe and imports them (including David with them for a while) after hearing about Germany's plans for them... But while the people who sent most of them to him like Chiune Sugihara had genuine intentions, he himself only bought David in because he believed the Nazi propaganda but interpreted it as meaning currying favor with David would grant him leverage elsewhere and use his Magic Jew Administrative Powers for his ends.
  • The Klutz: Italy is much less of a Ditz... but almost as if to make up for it he’s at least half as clumsy if not more. He loses things, is very inefficient, can barely hold something without at least fumbling with it a bit, trips anywhere one could conceivably trip, and in one of the official chibi sprites, which are supposed to be representative of the character, papers are falling from his arms as he fumbles with them and runs. If he isn’t 100% invested in something, chances are the results are going to be extremely sloppy - though when he is (e.g. his looks, cooking, art, preserving his independence), the results can be truly impressive. Though this’s is usually played for laughs, it and his overall scatterbrained-ness is also at times played more dramatically, as part of the reason he’s that way is his messy existence for much of his life, and there’s also scenes like a young Italy trying to catch up to the other Great Powers leaving without him noticing and tripping painfully into the marble floor when he tries to catch up, or him fumbling with and dropping his rifle in front of a baffled Ethiopia to show how badly prepared he is, plus how Germany brutally mocks him for it in the WWII arc.
  • Knight Templar Big Brother: North Korea/Lee Hyun-Soo. By God. The extent this guy is overprotective of his brother is borderline creepy and heartbreaking. He genuinely thinks that America is a corrupting influence on South Korea, and loves the idea of killing him brutally, and if he could get his brother back he would be willing to do it no matter the cost; even if it means actually hurting him.
    • Replace “Big brother” with the relevant familial term, and this trope is basically Familial Nationalism in a nutshell.
  • Kuudere: England is often described as this as opposed to the canon version’s Tsundere. Though he’s levelheaded and can be downright smarmy if not Faux Affably Evil at his worst, he does show that he does genuinely care for those who are close to him and his citizens. After all, he actually cries when Princess Diana dies.
    • Finland. He’s one of the genuinely kindest characters in modern day, especially towards Estonia; despite being as introverted, alcoholic, and seemingly aloof as he is and the chip on his shoulder, the violent part of the stereotype is dropped (especially in modern day), and he believes firmly in everyone deserving equal opportunity in life and the need for children to live their childhoods, and is also a Friend to All Living Things.
    • Belarus. While the canon version is terrifying, here she’s more of a wallflower in modern day, not really interacting much with other nations and coming off as an Emotionless Girl. However, she’s probably the sweetest out of the East Slavic trio.
  • Large Ham/World of Ham: America. While somewhat short of the extent of his canon counterpart, he is also, as expected, quite dramatic and hammy, definitely lets his presence known, and is pretty obnoxious about it, contrasting him greatly with his brother Canada and his father England. It comes with the whole hero complex thing. Also, this is especially so if the topic of conversation involves something that is conventionally Rated M for Manly like the Superbowl. It probably isn't a good idea to be standing near him if he has a reason to be hyped up about something, since he might accidentally hit you or start shaking you; and due to his Super Strength humans would probably die from that.
    • A lot of times, how hammy someone is is directly proportional to how close to the equator they are (though they're just as likely to be laid back, e.g. Malaysia and Thailand). However, Philippines/Maria De La Cruz has to be the queen of this, at least in modern day. This girl has enough hot blood to power a stove and emotions that can pretty much change on a dime. Characters sometimes note how they can almost see cartoony effects above her head she's so damn expressive. Everyone notices as soon as she enters any room. She is capable of keeping her voice down, but she definitely will struggle initially. Unfortunately for South Korea, who she has a crush on, he has to get a facefull of it whenever they meet.
    • Italy, unlike in canon. Though even he doesn’t compare to Neapolitano/Lavinio and Sicily, who even Italy can get a bit overwhelmed by.
    • Safe to say, the entirety of Southern Europe with the exception of Portugal, San Marino, and the Vatican is a World of Ham. Greece probably tops all of them though, a far cry from the quiet, soft-spoken Sleepyhead he was in canon. This also extends into the Middle East.
    • Commonwealth Poland. The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in general is a World of Ham, but Poland himself was the biggest one, and there's a reason he's often compared to America by the author. He SHOUTS actual In the Name of the Moon speeches in Latin before battle, gives himself very lavish titles like "The White Eagle of God Himself", and his epic arguments with David can apparently be heard from across the castle. And he’s a total badass to back it up.
    • Also, the entirety of Latin America, with few exceptions (e.g. Chile) is basically one big World of Ham.
    • Also huge swaths of Africa are like this as well. While many may have some of the hardest lives out of a cast that is full of characters with troubled lives, that doesn’t stop many of them from being a joy to be around.
    • North Korea, sort of. He's often shown threatening others in incredibly dramatic ways, grandstands a lot, and his flowery Antiquated Linguistics only add to the effect. However, it's shown that when speaking to his citizens he's surprisingly calm (as long as they tow the party line of course).
  • Loads and Loads of Characters: AND HOW. On top of the 195 UN recognized countries in modern day, there’s also the loads of stateless nations, the oodles and oodles of historical countries who are no longer alive, subdivisions of nations, various tribes, the massive number of Historical Domain Characters, and the one-off civilian characters. Granted, some of these have the role of a Bit Character at best or have a Day in the Limelight episode and are barely mentioned elsewhere, or are mainly seen as part of a Cast Herd, but the number is still so utterly massive that it’s an extremely hard task to keep track of how many characters there are, to the point the author herself has no idea.
  • Military Brat: While almost everyone is, for obvious reasons, involved in their military, making all children of countries technically this, Germany acts the most like one because Prussia acts the most like a stereotypical soldier. He was raised in a militaristic environment after modern militaries became well established, and he's also determined to continue his father's legacy. It has... mixed results, to say the least. He forces himself out of this mentality after WWII though.
  • Muscles Are Meaningless: Enforced. Though there may be some minor adjustments, character designs are edited minimally at most, and physical strength is fully dependant on military firepower. As a result, in modern day the feminine-looking China can pick up a motorbike with ease and the tiny, frail-looking Japan can punch through a table in a fit of emotion, feats which would take much more effort for the more muscular-looking Turkey or Germany.
  • My Country, Right or Wrong: An often explored theme. A nation's ego is also directly proportional to how many of their citizens believe this.
    • Defied by Admiral Wilhelm Canaris and the Abwehr. He tells Germany to his face that his loyalty is to him, not Hitler. Germany is of course baffled by this.
  • My Country Tis of Thee That I Sting: The author is Japanese; this doesn't mean that she goes easy on Japan. At all. Imperial Japan is a fanatical Knight Templar with delusions of grandeur, overall delusion, implied sexual perversion, prone to extreme violence, a terrible case of Honor Before Reason, We Have Reserves despite the fact that those are his literal flesh and blood, and Double Think, though he is portrayed as more pitiful in the end than straight-up evil who in a twisted way was a Well-Intentioned Extremist. As for modern Japan, he's shown as a kind, polite person, but also ignorant, unwilling to learn about others outside of superficial things at most, apathetic, perverted (though this is more Played for Laughs than it is for Imperial Japan), uncaring towards those who even inconvenience him, and having extremely violent, vindictive thoughts about others under that polite surface, something which is shown to have been an issue for much longer; Imperial Japan was merely this being bought to the surface and amplified into actual action. The author also often laments about how much her fellow Japanese frustrate her and how seeing any political discourse on international issues on the Japanese Internet is an exercise in Cultural Cringe. This is also the reason why the author doesn't plan on translating anything Alt-talia related into Japanese anytime soon, as this type of thing isn't taken kindly by the Japanese Internet, which the author has described as a "cesspool".
    • However, she has described how it's often difficult to depict America doing horrible things, having been born and raised in the United States, and that this bias probably shows through her writing. America is depicted as ultimately good at heart, and most of his bad actions are out of him thinking it's the "heroic" thing to do. She still doesn't shy away from showing him being racist, sexist, etc. during times this was the norm though.
  • Nearly Normal Animal: Most pets of nations are basically treated as this; even former Talking Animals like Iceland's Puffin can only emit sounds typical of their species. Occasionally they may act more like a Partially Civilized Animal, however.
    • Then there's Wojtek the bear, who basically was a real life version of one of these already. Poland can even have what seems like full conversations with him, and basically treats him as another soldier who happens to not be able to talk.
  • Never Gets Drunk: A lot of the alcoholics already mentioned, for obvious reasons.
    • South Korea should once again be mentioned; his favorite drink is the aforementioned soju, his national drink and Gargle Blaster. How much of one is it? It can have an alcohol volume ranging from 16.8% to 53%. America once underestimates it, and becomes extremely Unexpectedly Soused as it creeps up on him as a result so that a disgruntled South Korea has to drag him back to base; meanwhile, South Korea had had exactly the same amount and he's basically sober. It is shown that he can become drunk however, as it's one of the few times he lets himself loose. It just takes an unholy 3 to 4 shots of the stuff at maximum alcohol content to get him to that point. In fact, in one Culture Clash Russia and South Korea somehow get into a drinking contest. South Korea wins, to the shock of every one.
  • Nightmare Fetishist: While many nations can seem to delight or at least be willing to engage in things that would terrify most normal humans, there are some notable cases of this trope:
    • Really downplayed example, but one of the things which differentiates this canon's Lithuania from the canon version is, complimenting his somewhat dark, mysterious aura, his occasionally coming off as a bit weird and ever so slightly creepy (which means, ironically, that now he's the creepy one while Belarus, his ex-wife, was one of the more well put together of the Eastern Bloc, while the opposite was true in canon). For one, he has a dimly-lit room full of grotesque pagan and Catholic paraphernalia from his childhood/youth that he says puts him at ease (though he still admits that his iconic Hill of Crosses is "a bit creepy" despite its significance and sentimental value to him; though note, this is while Ukraine is huddled on his arm and shaking like a leaf), according to Poland "Can tell a damn good tale to chill the nerves", very much enjoys the fact that he was chosen as Hannibal Lecter's homeland (though this may also have to do with the fact that he got noticed), and has come to humor the fact that he has one of the highest suicide rates in the world. He also happily recalls that time he literally cooked a Teutonic Knight alive in his armor (then again a lot of nations seem weirdly accepting and at peace with the fact that they were more naive and alright with doing some very brutal things as children, including and especially the usually sweet-natured Nordics). Also despite the trauma of the Soviet Union, the pain of which was very much genuine and real, he thinks the idea of a genuine KGB experience camp sounds like something people would enjoy and that he wants to share. He doesn’t even realize how weird it is until Poland points it out (pending). He’s also shown to like snakes (albeit grass snakes) due to their old association with life and rebirth in his youth, and shocks Belarus by keeping one under their bed for good fortune and finds the idea of a colony crawling under his house to be a comforting idea.
  • And then there’s Latvia. Despite seeming to be merely a somewhat rough around the edges, if sort of shy mix between a streetwise, brawl-loving kid and country bumpkin, like his canon self he has occasional moments of weird behavior or creepy statements; including working at a hotel where he gets to act as an abusive Nazi prison warden and apparently liking abandoned, dilapidated buildings. He’s also even more partial to snakes than Lithuania is, still keeping one by his fireplace as an animal companion which he feeds milk to like a cartoon cat; don’t visit his residence if you’re afraid of snakes, since he also has it loose in his house.
  • Finland. The forerunner to Santa Claus in his country consisted of him dressing up in a terrifying costume and going around demanding food and booze for one (while it was supposed to scare away unwelcome spirits, he also apparently just enjoyed scaring the life out of poor Åland), loves death metal, had a childhood hobby of making knives, still came up with the bizarre "Blood-covered Floweregg" name for their dog, and while it's never elaborated on, he once caused Åland to cry once when he showed her something he drew. Though his interests also include cute things like Moomins (he even has a giant plushie on his bed).
  • According to Haiti, zombies are "fascinating creatures, once you get to know them!". Though it's heavily implied that he was deliberately playing it up to creep America out. (pending)
  • Imperial China clearly had a fetish for bound feet; which, if anyone has never seem them, look pretty twisted and grotesque when bare. This is also one of the things that none of his tributary states ever adopted, who as shown specifically in a few gags with Vietnam and Ryukyu are pretty grossed out or confused with his fascination with it. Modern China shows no such tendencies, though probably merely because he hasn't seen one in years.
    China: You'll look very pleasing with them!
    Vietnam: I'm sorry... How?!
  • As implied a few times already, nations, particularly those born before the early modern era, can tend to be this to some extent in childhood; there's not only their attitude towards violence, but while some might be afraid of the Fair Folk or other such creatures (where they're treated like monsters under the bed and the sort), others like Iceland seem to accept or even delight in their presence.
  • No Sense of Humor: Not Germany, actually, at least not entirely; his sense of humor exists, it’s just not that prominent, the stuff he finds funny usually doesn’t translate well or is surprisingly immature, and he isn’t a jokey person in general. In fact, he apparently finds the “Dinner for Two” comedy skit so hilarious that he watches it every year despite the fact he knows every single beat of it. However, Prussia on the other hand does indeed barely have one. In more lighthearted scenes, he often comes across as The Comically Serious, responding to England’s wit or Cologne’s jabs at his expense with only the most straightforward, dead-serious responses, in great contrast to his wild canon counterpart.
  • Odd Friendship: Turkey and South Korea, surprisingly. The former is a jolly, burly-looking, Rated M for Manly man who looks to be in his early 30s and is chronologically almost a millennia old, and the latter is a metrosexual, often anxious youthful-looking young nation who is literally across the continent from the former, but the former is still probably the closest friend South Korea has besides America and possibly Australia. As featured in a prompt on the author’s profile (the second drabble for “Candy”, about Turkey giving a scared South Korea a turkish delight), these two meet during the Korean War, and Turkey apparently felt especially sympathetic towards the poor, confused kid. And indeed, the two countries are surprisingly close in real life, making this Truth in Television much like a lot of things in the fic. In Evillious Chronicles x Hetalia the author states outright that in the Lust arc (which stars Elif, Turkey’s Nyotalia counterpart) Yong-Soo or his female counterpart definitely plays a major role in the story, even if he doesn’t show up in the fic itself. Similar goes with Turkey and Japan as well, though that one is stronger from Turkey’s side than it is from Japan’s.
    • Turkey seems to pick up friends on the battlefield, as he and Australia are also very close; while their personalities aren’t as diametrically opposed as Turkey is with, say, South Korea, not only is Australia still physically 10 years younger than him and chronologically basically a baby next to him, but they have the distinction of having met and befriended each other on the battlefield as enemies. Turkey is also the first friend Australia makes outside of his family, and as at this point all of England’s children are under the mentality that their family is the best and that all who aren’t British are somehow lesser, this serves as a vital part of his Character Development.
    • Russia and Greece. The former a grim, somewhat paranoid man, especially towards “western influence”, the latter is a Hot-Blooded Large Ham whose family essentially wrote the book on what “western” culture was, or at least what it was based on, is an EU member, and a NATO member. He’s basically the only one in the EU who isn’t at least skeptical of Russia, though he does question his choices, and what brings them together is their Orthodox faith, despite the fact that Russia shunned religion for several decades.
    • Russia has another one with India; while their relationship isn’t extremely close, and they have almost nothing in common, they clearly trust each other quite a bit, which for Russia means quite a lot.
    • The Netherlands and Canada, in many ways. For one, they’re an actual ocean apart, and they barely knew each other before World War II. While politically they aren’t too diametrically opposed, personality-wise Canada tends to be really polite, apologizing a lot and tending more towards passive-aggressive if he has a gripe with someone, behavior which usually annoys the blunt, loud-mouthed Netherlands. However, ever since the war they’ve been almost if not actual Heterosexual Life-Partners, and their distance hasn’t caused them to drift apart at all. The Netherlands even makes a special tulip variant for Canada’s birthday! (Which yes, did indeed happen)
    • The Netherlands is also pretty close with Denmark, who in this canon has a bit of a similar temperament to Canada. Maybe being such an active international participant and dealing with his sister has made him able to cope with people who engage in what he perceives as dishonest behavior better.
  • Of Corsets Sexy: While modest by modern standards, the outfits of western women, which Peter the Great’s reforms made obligatory for his women, are noted to be much more form-fitting than what Russia is used to, in addition to pushing up the breasts, much to his shock. In the Fem!France story in particular, he gets noticeably flustered when he first gets a good look at Marianne.
  • Official Couple: Pretty rare in-series for a series with Loads and Loads of Characters, and unlike in canon Hetalia couples which aren’t explicitly couples rarely have scenes that imply sexual tension (probably largely owing to the author’s slash-aversion), Poland and Hungary aside.
    • There are some who are simply there to conceive a character and barely get mentioned otherwise. Frankish Empire and Gallia (the parents of France, the former the sole parent of Holy Rome) are lucky enough to get fleshed out a bit more, mostly the former, though their relationship isn’t exactly the most healthy thing ever.
    • Lithuania and Belarus during the Grand Duchy era (Pending). It’s also definitely one of the most prominent.
    • Poland and Ukraine during the late 16th to very early 17th century. Sort of.
    • Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece. Their relationship development is even elaborated on a bit more.
  • The Other Darrin: Sometimes, UTAU voicebanks that sound similar to the original canon character, but just different enough to fit their new characterizations are used in lieu of the original voices (e.g. Taiwan is played by Gahata Meiji, Sweden is played by Arashine Yoru, who happens to sound like a higher-pitched, more friendly version of canon Sweden, and Greece is played by Rouon Aro), or, more rarely, may be completely changed.
  • Papa Wolf: Prussia may be strict towards Germany, if not borderline abusive, but try to hurt him or get in his way, he will show absolutely no mercy towards you.
  • Parental Abandonment: Both enforced and at times inverted, if that is somehow possible. It is entirely possible for a nation to just poof into existence with no parents whatsoever, and in fact it is quite common, and while it is possible for a nation to have parents, having one parent who doesn't just disappear before they can remember anything, much less two, is more the exception than the rule. However, many characters who had "sibling" relationships in canon (which are extremely common, to the point the author has mocked it as "brother-spamming") are changed to parental ones, e.g. England to his settler colonies, Prussia to Germany.
  • The Perfectionist: South Korea. And how. From his looks to his intelligence to resolving problems, he wants everything to be perfect. He can be harsh in judging others, but he holds himself to the same high standards, if not higher. If something doesn’t go exactly as planned or his makeup runs even slightly at an important moment he straight-up panics, and if he feels that proper justice hasn’t been achieved he won’t back down even if that would be objectively more beneficial to him. Of course, this is a major contributor to his stress levels. A lot of this can probably be chalked up to his youth as a country relative to everyone else and having to prove himself as a prosperous nation separate from his brother or his way more famous neighbors making him overcompensate, and his want to be worthy of his father’s name, mixed with the Korean family trait of being stubborn as all hell.
  • Platonic Life-Partners: Poland and Hungary... Or are they? They say that they're this, and that's the official explanation, but some in-universe can only speculate. They're extremely close that no one would be surprised if they actually were dating.
  • Powerful People Are Subs: According to Word of God, Germany/Ludwig is actually a bottom and even at least a bit of a masochist, as due to, on top of his already canonical apparent bondage fetish which is kept in this canon, his nationalism receptors being numbed, he doesn't like ruling or lording over others anymore, but his serious and reliable personality (and large population and economy) has made sure that he's unintentionally become the leader of Europe, making others accuse him of trying to gain leadership again, which of course tends to hurt him quite a bit; and before that point, he was basically raised to be domineering and merciless. Due to this, he apparently likes giving his theoretical partner full control and trust. Though this is only shown in practice in the romance route of The Key to Zorn, a human AU, where Marianne initiates the kiss, pins him onto the bed, and the narration states that "And, for the first time in what seemed like forever, Ludwig fully gave himself to another"; as if to make it more clear, Marianne later jokes "To think that you were such an adorable little puppy last night!". Though the author has also half-joked that due to her, erm, preferences, she kind of likes to think that all adult male characters she writes that she finds attractive are actually bottoms.
    • The final scene of the Tumblr-release one-sided Marianne x Ivan fic (name undecided) is a Dream Sequence of Ivan's in which Ivan (who is, once again, Russia), is being pinned against a wall by Marianne before she embraces and makes out with him, saying that she'll "teach him more things you don't know". He also comes across as a bit of a masochist due to how snotty Marianne acts regarding him initially.
  • Promotion To Love Interest:
    • Lithuania and Belarus actually get married in this universe after the latter is absorbed into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Pending), and ironically they’re probably one of the healthier couples during their first marriage, especially initially, despite essentially getting together as children (though this being Alt-talia, things did go sour quite a few times). Their marriage lasts pretty long too.
    • (Pending) Poland and Ukraine. For a short while at least; they were married and paralleled the aforementioned Lithuania and Belarus in the Commonwealth, though it’s given less attention than the above two, it’s somewhat less healthy, and Poland’s massive ego made sure that any feelings Ukraine had wore off by the 17th century, to the point she starts a vengeful rebellion.
    • Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece/Hellas. While it’s extremely likely that the two at least had sex in canon due to Rome being Rome, here Hellas is clearly Rome’s favorite from the start, as much as he doesn’t want to admit it for a very long while, and they even conceive a son together who would eventually become Eastern Rome. Though it’s never explicitly stated they’re married, Rome calls her his wife if any humans ask, and they often act like they’re married.
    • Inverted with Austria and Hungary; while they do still indeed get married, here’s it’s made clear there’s no romance involved whatsoever, a purely political arranged marriage that ironically enough is more to separate the two than bring them together. Hungary makes it extremely clear that she’s only doing this for her autonomy, though by the end they do respect each other on a purely platonic level. Inverted for all male characters who used to be “married” as well, though these were all political marriages in the first place.
    • Also inverted with Czechia and Slovakia, who are now twins instead of a former couple, their time as Czechoslovakia simply making them “Union Siblings” on top of regular siblings.
  • Real Men Wear Pink: Finland here is a bit of an inverse of his canon counterpart; while small-framed, he is a rough-haired, heavy metal-loving, rugged, stoic, hard-drinking, uncomplicated, practical Determinator who has a way with knives. However, he also has a lot of Moomin plushies in his bedroom, knits, can be straight-up motherly towards children (human ones at least), and apparently likes interior design (albeit he’s carving the stuff in question).
  • Red Oni, Blue Oni: Most literally with the Korea twins; as Egg-Nations, Yong (South), the cowardly, timid twin, wore blue clothing, while Hyun (North), the more daring, hot-headed one, wore red clothing. In modern day they still have this dynamic, with North being way more blatantly controlled by his emotions and easy to anger, and being generally depicted smiling, while South at least tries to present himself as more logical, is more practically-minded, and cynical, and is generally depicted frowning. This is in great contrast to how their dynamic is perceived in Fanon for the canon series, as South is an Annoying Younger Sibling there, and thus North is thought to be the opposite and more disciplined as part of the whole “oppressive militaristic regime” shtick.
    • America, the Boisterous Bruiser optimist with Chronic Hero Syndrome, and England, the unflappable Quintessential British Gentleman who can seemingly brush off anything with snark and understatement, is probably one of the most major examples. Or America with the polite, calm, but somewhat snobby Canada. Or his rival during the Cold War, the grim-faced, cold, but at times philosophical Russia. Though the latter is also shown to be quite hot-headed in his own right. His relations with Japan and South Korea display this type of dynamic extremely clearly as well.
    • England with Scotland. Or Ireland. Or England with... most of his consistently major relations (the aforementioned America, Australia, Wales, Portugal, India, most of his other former colonies, even France to an extent...) for that matter, him being the epitome of Stiff Upper Lip he is, at least past the late 1700s.
    • Russia (Blue) and Serbia’s (Red) dynamic is effectively this. Russia is also Blue to the way more energetic, loud, fast-talking modern China (Red).
    • Netherlands and Belgium; but despite canon and what their flag color schemes may suggest, the former is red and latter blue. A common thread is Netherlands being a loose cannon, and Belgium silently glaring at him before she elbows him or kicks him under the table.
    • Netherlands and the aforementioned Canada as well.
  • Running Gag: Despite being primarily dramatic, there’s a few of these running throughout the stories.
    • Especially when part of a crowd of other EU members, The Netherlands blurting out either what everyone is too afraid to say or just something extremely blunt, before getting cut off by a sharp "Be Quiet!" Nudge from Belgium. Other characters (e.g. America, Poland, the Baltics, occasionally even Germany) also have this happen to them, but with the Netherlands it’s the most common.
    • Italy’s general clumsiness and fumbling with something thrust into his arms.
    • Switzerland mistaking Liechtenstein for a canton of his. Especially notable due to how much of a Knight Templar Big Brother he is in canon.
  • Russian Guy Suffers Most: Russia, of course, possibly one of the more troubled characters in a cast that is already a massive Dysfunction Junction. While most of not all nations didn’t have it easy growing up, his is particularly notable with how recurring it is that his rulers physically abuse him; to the point that it can be casually mentioned that he’s being struck, battered, and kicked as if it’s no big deal, and even for a nation his pain tolerance is almost 19-20th century England levels if not more absurdly high. He also believes that Suffering Builds Character, as a result of the teachings of the church, so it's kind of a self-fulfilling thing as well. Though unlike in canon where he becomes a Stepford Smiler, here he becomes hardened, cynical, and pretty much a Perpetual Frowner, his character having a strong angsty flavor with tons of sometimes unjustified paranoia.
  • Savvy Guy, Energetic Girl: Gender inverted, and inverted from canon, is a platonic example; the loudmouthed, extremely opinionated, brutally honest Netherlands, and the more reserved, poised, more phlegmatic Belgium. The former is often described as arrogant despite his tolerant reputation (to which he usually responds along the lines of "What? Why don't you state your opinion then?"; his general life philosophy can basically be described as "Everyone has the right to shout their opinion at the top of their lungs."), while the latter is sometimes called "boring" (something she wouldn't disagree with), though she seems to have her head in the clouds at times. Belgium also lacks in nationalism and has always been more willing to make concessions to others, though if it comes to her independence she’s willing to fight for it. In all official art of them in casual attire and when they are described in the prose, the former wears bright, eye-catching colors and sharp fashion (making him resemble early fanon more), while Belgium wears more neutral, muted browns or greys.
  • Screw This, I'm Outta Here!: In contrast to canon, in WWII Italy only really allied with Germany because they had goals that didn't get in each others' way and that could possibly benefit each other, and even then he wasn't exactly gung-ho about it; he's the only one of the big three in the Axis who realizes that the war is pointless, Mussolini is an idiot, and that Germany and Japan are idiots for thinking they have any chance whatsoever and thinking they're on some grand mission, and gets the hell out as soon as he can. Germany tries to force him to stay in a... pretty unsettling way. The rest of his family pretty much has the same idea, Sicily and Neapolitano/Lavinio being the first to jump ship before anyone.
    • Russia in WWI throws two revolutions and cedes much of his associates just to get out of it. ...Only to trigger another war.
    • The Brexit saga not only began with England basically saying this to the rest of Europe, but ironically ultimately turns into a a revolving door of this for every one of his Prime Ministers until Boris Johnson finally goes “Fuck it” and attempts to force this.
    • Poor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor finally has enough at the end of his reign and abdicates, all but saying this word for word.
  • Seldom-Seen Species: Or rather, dog breed; Hanatamago, originally an ambiguous fluffy dog, is now depicted as a Lapphund named Blommägg (which is basically the same thing but in Swedish).
    • European bison are mentioned by members of the PLC a few times and are hunted by them; Belarus even sort of bonds with one in modern day.
    • Specific horse breeds are also sometimes depicted:
      • Lithuania’s first horse, the one which has been by his side since he fought the Teutonic Knights in early childhood and even to this day (pending), is a Žemaitukas.
      • Prussia’s horse is described as a black Trakehner; it's apparently also a descendant of a horse he captured from Lithuania.
  • Sex Is Evil, and I Am Horny: It's shown that North Korea sees lust and pornography as inherently bad; however, being very repressed and physically 17, he finds himself grabbing contraband black market porn anyway, describing it as "vulgar" and "licentious", and showing great shame over a natural emotion.
    • Of course, shows up in pre-modern Europe stories at times as well. In a pre-release story in which Marianne is used instead of Francis to represent France, Russia initially has this reaction towards her. Eventually, however, he realizes that what he's feeling is also genuine love.
  • Sharp-Dressed Man: One thing illustrating how different of a character this version of Italy is from the canon version is the fact that his appearance is not only somewhat more toned than in canon, but his wardrobe is pretty much always unrelentingly sharp; in art he’s often depicted with a dressshirt with the top buttons unbuttoned with a pair of Cool Shades hanging from it or a custom snazzy suit, usually with white or khaki trousers. It’s also been joked by the author that he can still pull off the 50s fedora look in modern day and look cool. However, he’s also shown tripping and fumbling while wearing said outfits half the time, which sort of counterbalances the effect.
  • Shown Their Work
  • Sibling Rivalry: Due to the nature of the series, a lot of sibling rivalries are less playful jabbing and ribbing and more horrific, drawn-out blood feuds. Even many which are currently more innocent sibling rivalries are likely to have been so at some point.
    • India and Pakistan do not get along whatsoever. Out of their seven decades or so of independence they’ve managed to go to war four times and built nukes basically solely to point at each other. Unfortunately for Pakistan however, India also happens to be much stronger than him and has defeated him all four times, and due to his creation being literally rushed his survival has depended on stuff like destabilizing Afghanistan and housing terrorists. Things which have led to the pretty impressive feat of making not only Russia, but America, France, basically most of Europe who care, Iran, Israel, and Japan back the same country, that country unfortunately being his hated brother. And Pakistan has no friends of any note except for maybe China, who's only using him for his oil and harbor. His young age can make one feel sorry for him at times, though he’s also the reason why Bangladesh can barely read anymore, and he still houses terrorists.
  • Sibling Yin-Yang: Aside from the ones mentioned under Red Oni, Blue Oni:
    • Ukraine and Belarus; in this canon, while both are women who don’t smile much, Ukraine is the more rebellious, passionate, strong-willed idealist of the two sisters, preferring freedom and independence over order and stability, having a strong sense of self. Or rather, she sees her brother as someone who has been a magnet of misfortune for her, resents the fact that geopolitically she’s effectively a meatshield, and believes that distancing herself from him would entail more safety and stability in the long run. Meanwhile Belarus is sweet but passive, appears almost emotionless, preferring safety and stability over freedom and independence, as she doesn't think that she can change anything anyway, sticking with Russia both out of familial respect despite his at times unhealthy behavior and just in order to survive. Ukraine is fascinated by Europe and its promises and has traveled outside her land, but is way more likely to take extreme, almost irrational measures due to her passionate personality, while Belarus generally keeps to herself and tends to be afraid of change or any risk. Of course, this plays a major role in their modern dynamic, though it goes further back, with a similar dynamic being seen in the PLC era as well, even if Belarus isn't the super hopeless downer she is in modern day there.
    • Hong Kong and Macau form a similar duo, the former being the rebellious, independent one and the latter the one favoring stability and prosperity. While Hong Kong values democracy and his right to be heard and is willing to fight to get it, Macau doesn't mind as long as the gambling money keeps coming in. Macau basically grows up crime-stricken and struggling, never really coming to think of himself as a distinct entity, and as such unlike most of the cast he's easily driven by money, and in fact sees Hong Kong as stupid teenage rebellion for the sake of rebellion. This naturally frustrates Hong Kong, who sees him as a sycophant with no will of his own, to no end, and after China starts using Macau to convince him he basically shuts him out completely.
  • Ship Sinking: The author has made no secret of the fact she dislikes the fact that shipping is such a major part of mainstream Hetalia fandom; for such a massive cast, shipping is exceedingly rare and Alt-talia’s approach to romance and sexual tension is basically the reverse of canon (almost nonexistent, to the point that nations could almost be described as situationally aromantic)... and she also apparently enjoys nuking ships she particularly doesn’t like out of orbit (most notably GerIta, AusHun, and LietPol, as well as how casually brushed off Spamano and PruHun are).
  • Silver Fox: Venice is depicted as one of these in modern day, still having a good deal of Cultural Charisma despite not even being a country anymore.
  • Slapstick Knows No Gender: In more humorous entries, slapstick is sometimes used. One of the most common targets is Philippines, a girl.
  • Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism: Unlike the author's other works, this sits at least somewhat more on the cynical side of things, or at least more cynical than her Pokémon or Super Smash Bros. works which often run on The Power of Friendship, though it can vary by character arc and what time period is being covered. It could also be argued that in a way it is in fact dark but idealistic, as the story tries to make it clear that often, even some of the most reprehensible things are done for each's own "utopia", in the cases of nation a "utopia" for their own people, not just themselves; on the other hand, nations are usually inherently selfish and want to spread their influence by instinct. It could just be argued that the story just covers the real world as it is without really being either.
    • The Cold War arc just happens to be a perfect clash between not just economic philosophies, but also the two ends of this scale: America (The Idealist) and Russia/the USSR (The Cynic). The latter has a bit of an odd cynicism though in that there is still some idealism mixed with it, probably best described in the "Justice Breaker" cover.
  • Solo Duet: It isn't uncommon for Prussia and Germany (the former whom just has a higher-pitched version of the latter's voice) or the Korea twins (North having a voice an octave lower than South's) to share a song, making their covers these in a meta sense, though not in-universe.
  • Suddenly Voiced: All characters who have no voice because they never appeared in the anime get voices by being assigned UTAUs.
  • Synthetic Voice Actor: The only "voices" characters have are portrayed with UTAUs.
  • Talking to Himself: Indirectly. Prussia's voice in the UTAU covers is simply a pitched-up version of Germany's voice, which just happens to sound a lot like Prussia's canon voice without the delinquent-ish inflections, leaving a voice that sounds like canon Prussia but harsh, disciplined, and whip-like. The Korea twins are also played by the same UTAU, North Korea just has a voice that is an octave lower.
  • Teacher/Student Romance: A Hot for Teacher example in the pre-release Bons Baisers De Russie, with Russia’s feelings for Female!France starting when she was his tutor for a few decades. She also later assists him to get his economy up to speed, making them fall into something of a teacher-student dynamic again. She never returns his feelings though.
  • Team Dad: Germany de facto acts like this in the EU... despite the fact that he's literally the youngest nation in the group.
  • Token Adult: Other World Kingdom, much to her dismay, discovers that she's the only adult-bodied micronation upon meeting the others. Due to her... unique status as basically a BDSM sex resort, her citizenship laws, and the author's own morals, she's physically 18, while every other micronation is 12 at most, and understandably she feels extremely weird hanging around what are basically a bunch of kids with overactive imaginations.
  • Token Good Teammate: Well, not so much “good”, but still less awful definitely; Italy among the Axis Powers. Sure, he readily becomes a Fascist, and is in fact the first to do so, and he definitely wasn’t innocent in the war or the lead up to it, with no shortage of him being a pure Jerkass (e.g. using poison gas on Ethiopia and massacring his civilians, and proceeding to be a massive racist Jerkass about it after he wins the war, being complicit in Blackshirts torturing “Socialists, traitors, and fags”, intervening in the Spanish Civil War, pretty much everything about the Disproportionate Retribution in Slovenia). But it’s all but stated that Italy agreed with it mostly because he thought it was a solution to the decades of struggle over his identity and unity he had dealt with since birth, for his family to stop fighting and for him to finally become powerful and respected instead of a laughingstock among Great Powers. And even then, despite all this he realizes that it wasn’t worth it in the end and is the only one of the three to jump ship. Not to mention he’s reluctant to turn in Jews, and he generally comes across as at least slightly normal and isn’t as bloodthirsty as Germany and Japan, who by this point are borderline if not actually psychotic. While all three of the Axis are portrayed to be pathetic and pitiful instead of pure evil in the end, the patheticness in Italy is extremely strong from the start (and even lessens as the war goes on, in contrast to the other two).
  • Trauma Conga Line: The Century of Humiliation for China is exactly what it sounds like. It was so horribly traumatic for him it continues to affect his decisions.
    • Can basically be described as the story of large swathes of Russia's life.
    • While most former African colonies haven't really had an easy life, with in many cases their very existence owing to a bunch of unwilling groups of people groups being figuratively stitched together haphazardly, the Democratic Republic of Congo's life has been so utterly horrible that it almost wraps around to being darkly funny.
(More to be added)
  • Almost everyone has gone through one of these at some point it seems, especially in Europe and Africa.
  • Troubling Unchildlike Behavior: Pretty much standard behavior for most child nations; especially those born in the middle ages or before, or some colonial nations, which were likely to have pretty much been born into a baptism of fire. They're able to fight as soon as they can hold a weapon, basically half of their purpose is war, and get involved in political things as well, pretty much being born with the ability to comprehend complex concepts. The result is the physically 6-year-old Denmark and a bunch of other men slaughtering an entire monastery without batting an eye, Austrasia (HRE) and Neustria (France) are constantly in bloody conflict from when they're barely physically 6 or 7 years or so years old, 7 to 10 year olds going on crusades, said 7 to 10 year olds suggesting brutal medieval torture methods casually... and that's just Europe (and note, even for the era such things are very odd; in England at least, 7 was the minimum age a squire could be. In training). And in the case of Middle Ages Europe, they constantly went to war, as their will is almost entirely controlled by their king, with maybe some influence from the nobility. In fact, it's pretty much stated that for many a nation's physical age doesn't affect how they treat them. Unlike humans, nation childhood is hardly synonymous with innocence, and in one pre-release story on the writer's Tumblr ("Child of the Soil", of the "Mystical Creatures" compilation) it's explained that childhood is not necessarily any more important or formative to nations than any other era (particularly for those born pre-nationalism). Though they can and often do act a lot like how elementary school children would (even if it is older for those who look to be 6 or so years old), probably a holdover from the fact that the author writes Pokémon fics as well where most of the characters are 11, which can make it all the more disturbing. This is pretty much the reason why nations are born as toddlers at the youngest, as much like deer they have to be able to get up and fight very quickly to survive.
    • However, there are two groups that have many exceptions to this; Micronations, particularly the "quirky" ones like Sealand, Molossia, or Aerica (as opposed to the explicitly anarchic ones, who might act more like edgy teenagers instead, some like Christiania casually using drugs. Though Sealand does have shades of being anarchic, he usually doesn't take it this far. He's genuinely confused and horrified when learning that he's been used as part of a criminal identity theft ring without knowing it), and egg-nations, who all act decidedly like little children as their appearances suggest. Which make them being thrust into nationhood usually traumatic. Japan also exploits the innocence of egg nations by trying to brainwash Hyun and Yong-Soo, though the former already is starting to show nation-like behavior.
    • Those born in more modern times like Germany and Italy also seem much more innocent than their counterparts of similar physical age in earlier eras, though as if to make up for it the above two especially are forced to grow up quickly by nation standards, quite literally; even many of the African colonies come off as initially innocent... but that immediately gets thrown into a furnace. Though this doesn't mean that child nations can't do horrible things. Italy's first war, for example, was when he was 5 years old. Not physically, chronologically. Also let it be known that 11-year-old looking Kosovo saw conducting genocide on Serbs as necessary for the greater good (even if Serbia did the same). Prussia even goes out of his way to crush Germany's innocence under his boot to enforce this on him.
    • Also present with other behaviors; for nations, it is safe to start drinking at any age. And we do mean at every age. Once again, Finland was a lifelong alcoholic at the physical age of 12, and Russia was one since childhood as well, and he says that he's been one since he could remember.
  • Tsundere: Ancient Rome, hilariously, is basically this regarding Hellas. He actually genuinely says "It's not like I like her gods damn it!" at one point.
  • Weapon of Choice: Many characters have mastered several weapon types over the years, but some favor a certain weapon. England’s was the longbow when he was younger, along with Wales, complete with Improbable Aiming Skills; England’s signature weapon is also kept as the longbow even in spinoff works whenever possible.
    • Mongol Empire and all her descendants are also great snipers. Thanks to her heritage, Lipka basically becomes the Commonwealth’s sniper due to her incredible aiming skills.
    • Japan, of course, has his katana; even in WWII he carries it around instead of the cheap, military-issue swords all the normal soldiers use... and he does some horrific things using it. However, he locks it into a display case after the war to symbolize him abandoning militarism.
    • Joeson/Korea’s signature weapon is also a bow, a specially made type that was his greatest secret (as much as he loved showing it and his Improbable Aiming Skills off to others, sometimes getting scolded for doing so). The weapons his children are good at in childhood also reflect their personalities, with Yong mastering the bow like his father, and Hyun using a sword. Even in modern day, South Korea is shown to still be a really good archer (and his Olympic records attest to that), though he obviously doesn’t use it in actual combat.
    • Russia’s Kalashnikov. No matter what the battle, it’s his most trusty weapon, replacing his metal pipe in canon.
    • Finland is a Knife Nut. Now, in battle, he does use other weapons; it’s just that he’ll always have his knife as backup, and he carries it around with him outside of battle too.
    • Scotland’s broadsword. While it’s not like he uses it for his whole life, it’s definitely the most associated with him, and Anabla uses it in Evillious Chronicles × Alt-talia.
    • Prussia’s Needle Rifle, past the 1840s. While he stops using it in actual battle a few years after Germany is born, it’s still the first thing he grabs to use when training the kid.
    • Unfortunately, not much is known about Kush, but what is known for sure is that the bow was her signature weapon.
  • "Well Done, Son!" Guy: Canada, Australia, and New Zealand all had this in varying degrees during the late 19th century to early 20th century towards England. Though it’s less that they want to fulfill his every expectation than wanting to be in his image in their region, as shown by how Australia lashes out against Japan’s racial equality proposal, despite the fact that England himself was leaning on being for it.
    • Italy was basically this for his whole family. Being born with so much expectations put on his shoulders and being unable to live up to them takes quite a toll on him, especially as it becomes more and more clear to him no one else respects him either.
    • Germany is an odd example. While he does seek the validation of his father a lot, and Prussia controls a lot of his actions, Germany also knows that he’s working for himself, not for Prussia, and ultimately Prussia is a servant to the personified ideal that is him.
  • We Used to Be Friends: While allies becoming enemies is common, it isn’t treated as anything personal unless the two had a connection that went deeper than political. However, Poland and Lithuania are one such example, unlike in canon. During the Commonwealth, after becoming Fire-Forged Friends through their battle against the Teutonic Order and their Union-Brotherhood, they become basically inseparable. But after they regain their independence in the 20th century they start squabbling over Vilnius, which combined with their newfound, red-hot nationalism quickly makes any remaining bond between them explode spectacularly into a war and eventually going no-contact, (which rarely happens, even when two nations absolutely despise each other), as described in Imitacja Juoda (a parody cover of Imitation Black). Even in modern day Lithuania still resents Poland over the belief that he treated him as nothing more than a sidekick (and to be fair to him, he isn’t completely wrong), and Poland is more concerned about Hungary anyway.
    Poland and Lithuania in Imitacja Juoda: City lights swirl
    Tension grips the air
    These overflowing emotions and lies
    Paint it over in black...
    • Nationalism also drives Poland to treat Belarus awfully. To this day he either remains oblivious to it or doesn’t remember it.
    • Most nations in big empires got along casually at least before the advent of civic nationalism, but after it spreads it can absolutely ruin them and tear the households apart from the inside. Granted, by modern day they have mostly made up and some split relatively amicably.
  • Xenafication:
    • Ukraine. As mentioned many times, the role of the hotheaded one vs. the sweet one has been completely reversed between the sisters, and the soft-spoken, klutzy crybaby from canon is nowhere to be seen. First of all, she spent a lot of time as a Cossack, and constantly got Poland into trouble by fighting with the Crimean Khanate when they were married; also, she is prone to uprisings, and is a lot more wary of Russia. Though she can actually be really feminine when she's just going about her daily life.
  • Yandere: Familial nationalism can make a nation seem increasingly like this if no solution or outlet is devised. Post-WWI Austria, as such feelings were kept suppressed before that point, and 1960s Cyprus are good examples of the type who would never lay a finger on their "other half" (Germany and Greece respectively), but in some cases (e.g. Imperial Japan, North Korea) it can even lead to attacking the "other half" themselves. This attraction is officially platonic, but the sheer obsession can make it seem... otherwise. The author is aware of this and has made at least one joke about Austria being a Creepy Uncle because of it.
  • You No Take Candle: Used whenever a character is speaking in a language that isn't theirs and they aren't well versed in it. It can still be used in dramatic situations, surprisingly.

Just for fun: Fandom/YMMV predictions

Just a place to think of what might happen if this had a fandom.

  • Draco in Leather Pants: Can become the case even unintentionally due to the nature of the series, and even the author has admitted to bias. While almost everyone is an awful person to some extent, the sins of some can be forgotten due to being overshadowed, their bad deeds not being given much spotlight, or just Fan Dumb.
    • Italy is the least evil of the Axis Trio, and his actions until he joins the Allies of WWII are heavily motivated by a want to be respected and to live up to his family’s expectations (that they’re very vocal about him not fulfilling) and his grandfather’s extremely lofty legacy, with a bad case of Can't Catch Up. He’s a massive klutz, which only highlights his pitifulness, gets denied land he was promised, and in WWII Germany treats him as a failure no matter what he does while his boss continues to throw him at reckless missions. He also shows mercy to Jews, which got him tons of respect, as did his The Dog Bites Back moments at Germany and Mussolini. As a result of this people can tend to forget or give him a pass for the fact that he was still an Imperial power who initially showed little remorse for war crimes in Ethiopia (and in fact gloats about it) Libya, and even Spain, or in the case of Slovenia, went along with attempting on his life; I.e. straight-up genocide.
  • Ensemble Dark Horse: Due to the massive cast, everyone has a favorite (with a lot of people liking their home country). But notable ones are:
    • Poland. In spades. His new Rated M for Manly, Large Ham, Boisterous Bruiser personality in the Commonwealth era (and not being racist), as well as his at times awesome, at times unwarranted ego, his sheer will of iron even by nation standards, and coming across as a comedic Butt-Monkey in modern day has also made the author really like him a lot, and as such he appears disproportionately in official art and other material.
    • Iceland due to how detached from the main cast he seemingly is in tone, at least in modern day; he barely does anything that would push the human Moral Event Horizon, is oblivious to formalities, is a carefree daredevil, genuinely a nice guy who is exceptionally curious and oh... also there’s him being an Innocent Fanservice Boy who is extremely sexually knowledgeable, and he gets treated in a way more moe way befitting of canon often, causing the author to joke about him being “Rule 34 bait”, and that if Alt-talia needed a mascot character it would probably be him.
    • Belarus, to a lesser extent, also due to her non-involvement in most terrible things that occur in-story, in fact being a victim of so much terrible things in a short amount of time and being unwillingly dragged along; this, combined with her depressed modern state gets her a lot of sympathy from the small fanbase, a great contrast to the Base-Breaking Character she was in canon.
    • The Korea Twins; both because of their complex relationship, as well as their individual character. South Korea for being a total badass despite his meterosexual looks (he actually chops a Vietcong soldier’s head open!), but also the sense that he’s a young man still coming to terms with his past trauma, constantly stressed, seeking closure, being perfectionistic to self-destructive levels, and finding his place in the world (not to mention he actually tries to work with Vietnam over what his soldiers did in the war, as he didn’t want to be like Japan). And North Korea is fascinating as both an exercise in psychological horror and dark comedy, an abused child being manipulated and browbeaten to live a lie.
    • The Great Khanate/Mongol Empire, with her dedication to her villainous, brutal persona yet probably being one of the most loving mothers in Alt-talia. Also being the most powerful female character in the series probably helps too.
  • Launcher of a Thousand Ships: The author at times explores potential romances using Nyotalia versions (which are non canon but may as well be), which has opened up a lot of shippers to ship even within cultural boundaries. ...However, the most often Nyotalia'd is probably France, who as a result of stories such as Bons Baisers De Russie and AU stories like Evillious Chronicles x Alt-talia has given FraRus, FraGer a pretty big boost in popularity and even spawned serious shippers of one-sided crushes Played for Laughs like FraSerb.
  • Memetic Mutation: Austria being a creepy uncle, not helped by the fact that the author has also joked about this before. Explanation 
    • Pretty much all of the In the Name of the Moon speeches Commonwealth!Poland makes. Or Alt-Poland's manliness in general.
  • Ship-to-Ship Combat: While the few shippers there are are usually more civil due to the more mature tone of the series, the more realistic tone can also mean that people treat it as way more Serious Business (as many ships are highly unlikely due to the cultures of the characters, their relationship, or both, and the nations are emphasized to be very much personifications more than people); not helped by the fact that few of the relationships in the series are healthy.
    • (this is more so if this were an original series probably) Holdover ships from Hetalia often clash a lot with Alt-talia due to the nature of the series, even if such occurrences are usually rare. Conflicts between LietPol and LietBel, or worse, the former and PolUkr, PolHun, and JewPol can get pretty ugly (and Lithuania also has the additional dimension of his friendship with Georgia, plus AusHun has been all but discredited to readers of the series). Not to mention that due to the series going out of its way to depict Values Dissonance there’s people that believe shipping most of those (as well as any other homosexual ship) are erasure or disrespectful. USUK is also highly frowned upon due to the fact they are explicitly son and father, though England now has Scotland among the characters he is shipped with by fans as well (And when one of them is female they're always married).
    • Then there's the occasional spat over how viable GerIta, the mostly canon ship in the main Hetalia series, is anymore. Especially as the author hasn’t been too quiet about her love of sinking the ship.
  • Wimpification: (basically assuming this is an original work for the most part at this point. OR even an officially licensed spinoff. Somehow.) While not too common due to the more mature audience, it happens. However, they tend to be especially controversial due to the nations being much more clearly nation, resulting in Unfortunate Implications:
    • The Korea twins, especially South Korea. For South Korea, a meterosexual, nervous, stressed, troubled young adult in a wrecking where almost everyone is thousands of years old, this isn't exactly a huge surprise, and the now way more masculine China (and his closest friends being Turkey, America, and Aussie) probably has something to do with it, as does the fact that he was indeed a cowardly crybaby before the Korean War. For North, who is the same age, while he is very clearly abused and manipulated into his behavior some can take his inherent pitifulness a bit too far. They may be portrayed around China like how some mainstream Hetalia fans portray the Baltic trio around Russia (or South Korea specifically may be portrayed having a traumatic breakdown as soon as Japan so much as yells at him or turning into a soft mess around Turkey) when this is very clearly not the case. Not to mention even South mined coal as a child and can be as brutally practical as China if need be, and that a will of iron that would give Poland or Russia a run for their money is practically a Korea family trait.
    • A bit ironically considering mainstream Hetalia, Germany may get this. In modern day he’s a humble, genuinely Nice Guy in a world where humility is in short supply, apologizing a lot if he scares someone, and is even a bit of a bleeding heart who really wants to atone for his sins; even before his militaristic demeanor was clearly at least partially learned, and he’s shown to be nervous and even a bit childish due to his youth. And as stated under Powerful People Are Subs, according to Word of God he would probably be submissive in a relationship due to his dislike of finding himself in leadership roles near constantly (and then being criticized for taking the lead), growing up as a Child Prodigy, and his lack of chauvinism. However, he’s also very firm when he needs to be, and is definitely not self-loathing to the point of Wangst or being an Extreme Doormat. Also, one of his defining traits is being very blunt, almost to the extent of the Netherlands.
    • David/Israel can get this. Especially when depicted before he became Israel. It probably doesn’t help that he spent the plurality of his time around the now very masculine Poland (as such it can be rather common even in platonic JewPol), and that he couldn’t fight much as well. At worst it can be forgotten that David has always been a bit of a snarky Jerkass, is clearly stated to not try to show too much emotion, and that he wasn’t constantly stuck to Poland. But even as Israel this can occasionally happen due to his traumatic past even by series standards. However, it is also a heated issue due to Unfortunate Implications.


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