Walter Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist, and journalist probably best known for his revolutionary book Leaves of Grass. His work has elements of transcendentalism and humanism, and his poetry greatly influenced all the poets that came after him.
Also notable because of continuing debates about his sexuality and because of the mad love The Beat Generation had for him and his wandering ways.
A native of Suffolk County on Long Island who began his career in Brooklyn, he is also revered as a local great in Washington, D.C. (where he served during The American Civil War as what amounted to what we would call today a hospice/palliative care nurse to Union soldiers; his recitations of poetry, including his "weird" free verse stuff, proved a great comfort to many of the wounded, maimed, and dying; a quote about this experience is engraved on the Dupont Circle Metro stop) and in Camden, New Jersey (where he spent his last years; they named one of the bridges connecting Philadelphia to New Jersey, not far from Whitman's final home, after him).
Works featuring Whitman as a character
- Ken Burns' epic 1990 documentary The Civil War includes many observations by and stories about Whitman from his time in Washington, DC. Excerpts from Whitman's writings are narrated by Garrison Keillor.
His work features these tropes:
- The Anti-Nihilist: As a figure in the Transcendentalist movement, Whitman frequently expressed throughout his body of work the importance of accepting and appreciating life at face value, and not worrying about any externally-imposed meaning."The powerful play goes on, and you may contribute a verse."
- Celebrity Elegy: "O Captain! My Captain!" and "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" were about Abraham Lincoln following his assassination.
- Does This Remind You of Anything?: "love-flesh swelling/and deliciously aching,/Limitless limpid jets of love hot and enormous, quivering jelly of/love, white-blow and delirious nice"—from "I Sing the Body Electric"
- Early-Installment Weirdness: Whitman is one of the leading figures of free verse poetry, but some of his earliest poetry was written in meter and rhyme. My Departure is one of example of such poems.
- Genre Popularizer: For free verse. It had been around for centuries, but Whitman is responsible for making it the dominant poetic mode of the modern era.
- War Is Hell: His writings during the Civil War era reflect his attempts to process the horrors he saw.