Preston Sturges (born Edmund Preston Biden; August 29, 1898 August 6, 1959) was an American film director, screenwriter, playwright, producer, inventor, and restaurateur.
He was the first director to use the "written and directed by" credit (for The Great McGinty, which won the first Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay).
His mother was very friendly with the dancer Isadora Duncan.
He invented kiss-proof lipstick.
An actress whom he was dating in the late 1920s revealed to him that she was only in the relationship for research purposes—she was writing a play, and to her, (said she) he was "as a guinea pig is to a scientist." Not long after that, his first produced play, The Guinea Pig, opened on Broadway in 1929.
Sturges' output at the beginning of The '40s was especially prolific; he wrote Remember the Night, wrote and directed McGinty, Christmas in July, and The Lady Eve, and opened a restaurant in 1940, then won an Oscar for McGinty and wrote and directed Sullivan's Travels and The Palm Beach Story in 1941, all before Pearl Harbor was attacked. However, his departure from Paramount proved a setback that his career never recovered from, and after the box-office failure of Unfaithfully Yours he spent the last decade of his life mostly unemployed.
Works by Preston Sturges with their own trope pages include:
- The Power and the Glory (screenplay only)
- The Invisible Man (1933) (contributing writer, uncredited)
- Twentieth Century (contributing writer, uncredited)
- Love Before Breakfast (contributing writer, uncredited)
- Easy Living (screenplay only)
- Remember the Night (screenplay only)
- The Great McGinty
- Christmas in July
- The Lady Eve
- Sullivan's Travels
- The Palm Beach Story
- The Miracle of Morgan's Creek
- Hail the Conquering Hero
- Unfaithfully Yours