Peter Wilton Cushing, OBE (May 26, 1913 — August 11, 1994) was an English actor famous for his roles in horror films. He starred opposite Christopher Lee as Victor Frankenstein in the 1957 Hammer Horror film The Curse of Frankenstein and as Van Helsing in 1958's Dracula (called Horror of Dracula in the US). The two would become lifelong friends and appear together in films throughout the years.
He also played Doctor Whonote in two non-canon films, Dr. Who and the Daleks and Daleks' Invasion Earth: 2150 A.D.. He is also recognisable for playing Grand Moff Tarkin in the first Star Wars film, A New Hope. A digital recreation of his likeness was utilized to have Tarkin appear in Rogue One in 2016, with Guy Henry serving as the motion-capture actor giving the actual performance.
Before he was launched by Hammer, Cushing appeared with Laurel and Hardy in A Chump at Oxford and played the small part of Osric in Laurence Olivier's 1948 film of Hamlet, as well as several notable roles in television, including Winston Smith in the 1954 adaptation of Nineteen Eighty-Four and Darcy in the 1952 adaptation of Pride and Prejudice. He returned to television several times after his film career took off, starring as Lije Bailey in a 1964 adaptation of Isaac Asimov's The Caves of Steel and Sherlock Holmes in the 1968 TV series. He also appeared several times with Morecambe and Wise, as part of a years-long Running Gag where he would come on to demand payment as the two hosts did everything they could to weasel out of their obligation.
He was made an officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1989.
He died of prostate cancer on the 11th of August, 1994, aged 81. In an interview after his death Christopher Lee remarked: "I don't want to sound gloomy, but, at some point of your lives, every one of you will notice that you have in your life one person, one friend whom you love and care for very much. That person is so close to you that you are able to share some things only with him. For example, you can call that friend, and from the very first maniacal laugh or some other joke you will know who is at the other end of that line. We used to do that with him so often. And then when that person is gone, there will be nothing like that in your life ever again".
Cushing often played characters who were either very driven or villainous, but Cushing in Real Life was a very kindly gentleman who was devoted to his wife and friends. When she died, he was so distraught that he tried to kill himself by running up and down the stairs in a fit of depression, knowing that he had a heart condition. Near the end of his life, he was given a surprise by Jimmy Savile on his show Jim'll Fix It — a breed of rose was named after his late wife. It caused him to burst into tears on camera. Carrie Fisher recalled that she could not generate the level of hatred that Princess Leia would have been feeling towards Grand Moff Tarkin as he was so incredibly charming and politenote , and had particular trouble saying the line about "recognizing [his] foul stench" when he smelled pleasantly of pipe tobacco and lavender.