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Monday morn, wake up time,
Get to work and stand in line
What would make you feel real fine?
One Saturday Morning!
One Saturday Morning theme song

Describe Illuminating Television here.

The other cartoon block of the 1990s to be created by Disney, running on ABC under the name Disney's One Saturday Morning from September 13, 1997 to September 7, 2002, then ABC Kids from September 14, 2002 to August 27, 2011.

In 1997, The Disney Afternoon was running its last leg and dropped the branding, and Disney had bought out ABC two years prior and revised their Saturday morning line-up (notably dropping Sonic the Hedgehog (SatAM) and Reboot in the process). Peter Hastings, a former writer of Animaniacs and Pinky and the Brain, had just fled to them from Warner Bros. out of his frustration with the Executive Meddling happening to the latter cartoon, so he was put in charge of coming up with a new Saturday morning block for ABC. The idea he came up with (as seen in the block's intro sequence) was that the weekdays are represented as buildings, and the building for Saturday is a special one, where it is like "five hours of summer once a week", according to the theme song.note  It was called Disney's One Saturday Morning (the "one" being the building's address number). This also marked the first time children's programming that ABC had an overall theme since the 1970s (with the "Funshine Saturday" brand).note 

One Saturday Morning was the name of not only the block, but also a two-hour live-action hosting show whose hosts, and format, were tweaked from season to season; the name came from the address the giant factory building where the hosting segments originated, a giant mechanical "1" with vague Steampunk elements. Early on, virtual sets were used to portray the interior of the building; soon, most of the action was moved onto the Televator, wherein female human host Charlie (Jessica Prunell) and later Meme (Valarie Rae Miller) alongside Jelly Roll the Elephant (voiced by Brad Garrett) could ascend or descend to different levels depending on the segment or program. This was where episodes of three of the block's most prominently featured shows (newcomers Recess and Pepper Ann, and Disney's Retooled version of Doug) were presented. It was also home to many interstitial segments shown between the programs, listed below. The hosts and interstitials disappeared from the block in late 2000.

Despite being filled with more E/I content than any of the other Saturday morning blocks (and pointing it out by having some guy say "Illuminating Television" over each show's intro sequence), One Saturday Morning was a very popular block, managing to stay on ABC for five years; this was thanks to the clever writing and strong characterization of the series it aired. In its third season, a companion block was added in the form of Disney's One Too, which ran on UPN as a replacement for their own "Kids" block (even though UPN was a corporate sibling to a competitor, though the time may have been given to Disney due to UPN's President at the time, Dean Valentine, having formerly been a Disney executive) on both weekday afternoons and Sunday mornings. The weekday block was originally going to be called Whomptastic, but they probably changed it to the more fitting name probably because it would not make sense to name a block after the Recess-made Unusual Euphemism for "suck"; Disney themselves claimed it was for "better brand identity", which also makes sense. Like The Disney Afternoon before it, One Saturday Morning also garnered its own soundtrack album of musical highlights from the shows.

Three of its shows became feature films: Doug's 1st Movie (originally intended for a Direct to Video release), which, while doing well in the box office, bombed with critics; Recess: School's Out, which was by far the most successful movie of the three; and Teacher's Pet (the only show from 2000-2003 to get a movie), which bombed at the box office, but did well with critics. Of the main three from this block, only Pepper Ann didn't get a theatrical movie.

One Saturday Morning aired its last broadcast under that name on September 7, 2002, after which it was rebranded as ABC Kids. ABC Kids started off pretty strong; it even saw the premiere the otherwise Disney Channel Original Series Lilo & Stitch: The Series, which was a big hit for its time as it rode high on the popularity of the film it followed up on, and continued to air new episodes between both the block (including a Recess crossover) and the pay TV channel throughout its run. However, the block quickly degenerated into nothing but Disney Channel sitcom reruns which aired with a very odd "film" effect over them (and were laughable in actual E/I content) and Power Rangers (which itself degraded to butchered versions of the nearly-twenty-year-old Mighty Morphin' Power Rangers); which were many times pre-empted by some station groups with actual educational shows.

The block eventually got the axe in Fall 2011 when Disney decided to move its kids' shows exclusively to its then-numerous cable networks, and was replaced with a block of E/I programs called Litton's Weekend Adventure, run by Litton Entertainment instead of Disney. Most of the Litton shows are of the animal show variety, or have a No Budget feel, though thankfully the infamous "Litton look" of their earlier cheaper efforts is gone; Litton also began to control CBS's Saturday morning block at the start of the 2013-14 season, and in the Fall 2014 season, they took over The CW's block (ironically under the name One Magnificent Morning). One Too, meanwhile, lasted until the end of the 2002-03 season, but due to the name change for the Saturday block, the One Too brand was dropped and the block was unbranded (though Disney's website called it Disney's Animation Weekdays). Meanwhile, most of the shows featured on the block went into syndicated reruns on the Disney Channel and Toon Disney, until the latter channel having since been replaced with Disney XD. Sabrina: The Animated Series was also rerun on DiC/Cookie Jar's CBS Saturday morning blocks from 2007 until early 2011. 101 Dalmatians: The Series was reran on Disney Channel, but at 4:00 AM (as part of Disney Junior (a highly strange decision, as it's not a preschool show at all) for a short time in early 2011). Recess was rerun on Disney XD for a short time in October 2011. Many of the One Saturday Morning series sadly haven't received full DVD releases yet, but thankfully several of the shows are on Disney+.

Shows that ran on One Saturday Morning and ABC Kids:

One Saturday Morning (and One Too) only

One Saturday Morning and ABC Kids

ABC Kids only

Interstitial segments from the block's first three seasons included:

  • Mrs. Munger's Class - Conversations between the titular teacher and her students are presented as Flash-animated yearbook photos.
    • Centerville - A semi-spinoff that replaced Mrs. Munger's Class after its cancellation. It uses the same art style as Munger, but takes place around the titular Centerville instead of a class yearbook and the characters speak in tune to a drum beat.
  • What's the Diff? - Two slightly identical stills from one of the shows featured on the block are presented, and viewers have to count the differences between the two pictures.
  • How Things Werk- Presented as a parody of 50's educational shorts and comic books, a kid named Billy knows how things work, yet "Mr. Werks" (voiced by Disney regular Corey Burton) then shows up with a nonsensical explanation (ie: elevators are operated not by cables, but by giant invisible retirees).
  • Tube Dwellers - The continuing adventures of two guys named Bob working in your TV.
  • Manny the Uncanny - Starring Paul Rugg exploring things.
  • (Genie's) Great Minds Think for Themselves - The Genie from Aladdin presents facts about inventors and other notable historical figures. Notably, Robin Williams voices the character once again.
  • How Much Stuff Could an Elephant Crush? - Exactly What It Says on the Tin, featuring Jelly Roll.
  • Find Out Why - Hosted by Timon and Pumbaa, these segments involved Pumbaa asking Timon a question, starting as "Timon, ever wonder why/how/what___?" (Usually, "Why do we sneeze?" "How is thunder caused?"), with Timon answering something outlandish to the question. Pumbaa then explains about the said subject. A few of these were released on the special edition DVD of The Lion King II: Simba's Pride.

Tropes present include:

  • Adored by the Network:
    • Recess during the OSM era. It got to the point where there were billboards and bus posters for the show in some areas. Mrs. Munger's Class was also pretty adored; see below.
    • Lilo & Stitch: The Series was this for the ABC Kids era. It was supposed to be a Disney Channel show, but it ended up debuting on this block first and new episodes aired between one or the other throughout its run.
    • And to re-enforce this trivia trope for both the above shows, Recess and Lilo & Stitch crossed over on the latter's show, years after the former ended production.
    • That's So Raven was also this for the ABC Kids block. This was the second-longest running show on the block, behind Power Rangers.
  • The Announcer: For the entire run of the block, voiceovers were done over the end credits by the late ABC staff announcer Sid Doherty (carrying over from the previous, pre-Disney era Saturday Morning schedule); upon the switch to ABC Kids, generic pre-recorded voiceovers took his place, and Doherty himself retired from ABC in 2008 (possibly the last of the pre-Disney ABC staff announcers to do so).
  • Artifact Title: To an extent. "One Saturday Morning" was not only based on fact, but it was also the address of the building where the hosting interstitials took place. In September 2000, those segments were dropped and the block didn't have any hosting at all.
  • Breaking News Interruption:
    • The block's premiere was originally intended for September 6, 1997, but it got pre-empted for coverage of Princess Diana's funeral across all TV channels, which also pre-empted the premieres of The Weird Al Show and Wheel 2000 on the then-new Think CBS Kids block and The Legend of Calamity Jane on Kids' WB!
    • The December 19, 1998 airing, which notably contained the Christmas Episode of Recess, was pre-empted by the Bill Clinton impeachment trial.
    • The April 22, 2000 airing was pre-empted by coverage of the raid on the Florida home where Elian Gonzalez was being held by his father.
  • Channel Hop: Because The Weekenders, Teacher's Pet, House of Mouse, Lloyd in Space, and Teamo Supremo were renewed before the switch to ABC Kids, new episodes of the shows would end up being aired on Toon Disney.
    • As stated above, Digimon went from Fox Kids to UPN as a result of the buyout and shutdown of the former.
  • "Do It Yourself" Theme Tune: Peter Hastings performs the One Saturday Morning theme song.
  • Freeze-Frame Bonus: If you looked at the "Illuminating Television" bug when Winnie the Pooh was on, the hand that pulled the lightbulb chain was Pooh's, rather than the normal human hand. Same for Brand Spanking New Doug!.
  • Irony: The theme song states the block is "Five hours of summer once a week". Almost all of the shows took place mainly at school.
    • This got worse during the actual summer months. No, they did not change the theme.
  • Keep Circulating the Tapes: The only way to see of the original OSM shorts (especially Mrs. Munger's Class for the reasons listed below) is through YouTube.
    • Doug and 101 Dalmatians: The Series got a few episodes on VHS compilations (Dalmatians got one tape, one VideoCD, and another tape outside of the US, while Doug got four tapes and the movie), Recess and House of Mouse got a few VHS and DVD releases (while Recess got a movie), Teacher's Pet only got the movie on VHS and DVD. As for the rest... they got reruns on the other Disney networks until 2006 or 2008.
    • The Weekenders did receive a DVD release through the Disney Movie Club in 2013, though.
    • Mrs. Munger's Class has its own YouTube channel.
    • As far as legal streaming is concerned, Doug, Recess, Pepper Ann, Hercules: The Animated Series, Teacher's Pet, 101 Dalmatians: The Series, and Lilo & Stitch: The Series are available on Disney+ (as are series that reran on the block), while Sabrina: The Animated Series can be seen on YouTube directly from current owner WildBrain, and on Pluto TV. The rest are currently unaccounted for, though. (A selection of Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts are on Max and the Boomerang service as well as physical discs and digital purchases, shorn of any Bugs Bunny & Tweety Show branding.)
    • The Digimon seasons that ran as part of One Too can currently be found on Hulu, in their Saban/Sensation dubbed runs.
  • Never Bareheaded: In the early seasons, Charlie (Jessica Prunell) would never, ever, ever be shown without a full headcovering on.
  • Network Red-Headed Stepchild: The Bugs Bunny & Tweety Show, for obvious reasons; to a lesser extent Jungle Cubs, Science Court/Squigglevision, and Digimon Frontier were also this. It's telling that that the commercial bumpers for these shows leave out the Disney branding (as all except Jungle Cubs were not owned by Disney)
  • Novelization: No, seriously. At least three chapter books were published containing adaptations of episodes of Recess, Pepper Ann, and Doug, as well as some of the interstitials.
  • Once an Episode: The intros were punctuated by an animation of a hand turning on a light bulb with a male voiceover saying, "Illuminating Television," with the light bulb doing more than just lighting up. These were to indicate the block's and its shows' (supposed) compliance to E/I standards.
  • One-Steve Limit: Averted in Tube Dwellers; both of the characters are named Bob. And then there was King Bob from Recess...
  • Retool: In September 2000. The short segments and hosting interstitials were dropped, a different and shorter version of the theme tune replaced the original (also replacing the visuals; this time having characters from The Weekenders (who were replaced with the characters from Teamo Supremo in 2002), Recess, and Teacher's Pet interacting with live-action kids in a live-action field (characters from Lloyd in Space were added in 2001)), and the "one" in the logo changed design.
  • Same Content, Different Rating: Because the TV-Y and TV-Y7 ratings are supposed to indicate that a series is made specifically for children, while a TV-G rating simply means "nothing offensive", the Disney Channel shows that aired on the block, always rated TV-G on their original network, were given one of those other two ratings for their reruns there. Kim Possible, Phil of the Future, The Buzz on Maggie, The Suite Life of Zack & Cody, The Emperor's New School, The Replacements, and Hannah Montana were all re-rated TV-Y7, while the other shows got a Y. Eventually, though, ABC Kids also starting using the original TV-G rating for their Disney Channel reruns in March 2007.
    • Conversely, Recess, Fillmore!, and Teamo Supremo, which were rated TV-Y on One Saturday Morning/ABC Kids, were re-rated TV-G for their reruns on Disney Channel (though Toon Disney kept the original TV-Y rating for its airings of those shows). Most of the shows that aired new episodes on the block have since been re-rated TV-Y7 on Disney+, including Recess, which also received that rating when it returned to Disney XD for a single week in October 2011 (despite the network airing the series with a TV-Y rating when the show had regular broadcasts there between 2009-10, a holdover from the channel's days as Toon Disney).
  • Screwed by the Lawyers: The photographs used for Mrs. Munger's Class were actual pictures taken (without permission) from a middle school yearbook, and some of the people depicted were none too happy about it and filed a lawsuit. So Mrs. Munger's Class was swiftly cancelled, all parties settled out of court, and Centerville sprang up in its place.
  • Screwed by the Network: The switch to ABC Kids ended up getting every show on the block that wasn't originally on Disney Channel canceled, with the exceptions of Fillmore!, which was announced for OSM but ended up on ABC Kids, any of the Disney-era Power Rangers series, Recess (for being one of the most popular shows on OSM), and Lilo & Stitch: The Series (on the account that it rode on the wave of the original film's popularity at the time, and Disney decided to air new episodes on both this block and Disney Channel as a result). Some shows were lucky to air newer episodes on Toon Disney.
    • In some markets (the UPN station could pick when to air the block), One Too aired on weekday mornings instead of afternoons. Which meant some new episodes of the shows on the block would be premiering as the target audience are getting ready to go to school or are already in school.
    • Disney wanted nothing to do with Digimon Frontier (or Digimon Tamers, which reran in an alternating pattern with new Frontier episodes), but their buyout of Fox Family (renamed to ABC Family), Saban Entertainment and Fox Kids made them contractually obligated to dub it. Hence, they primarily shoved it off onto UPN's "Disney's One Too" block (which at this point had no real name; the Disney website called it Disney's Animation Weekdays), which was in its' final season, and credited themselves as "Sensation Animation"; ABC Family itself actually gave Digimon more promotion.
    • Given how it was composed of cartoons from Disney's greatest rival, The Bugs Bunny & Tweety Show was screwed from the get-go; it was basically squeezed in awkwardly after the main segment of the block (with the hosting segments) ended and before Winnie-the-Pooh and Science Court/Squigglevision, with generic bumpers (that referred to neither Disney or One Saturday Morning itself), Schoolhouse Rock being squeezed in after it, and it had no promotion. The only reason it was there was because ABC still had to honor their contract with WB, and once that ran out in 2000 the show unceremoniously ended.
    • At least for ABC Kids, the final fourth hour of the block that aired at noon was mostly devoted to non E/I fare, so many ABC affiliates thought it was worthless (as they only really needed the first three hours to fulfill their weekly E/I requirements) and usually pre-empted it for sports or whatever else. This happened in a lot of the major cities/markets, so a good amount of first-run series that ran at this time throughout the years didn't get such great ratings. Perhaps the biggest example of this being W.I.T.C.H..
  • 65-Episode Cartoon: All their shows prior to 2000, while most of the shows from 2000-2002 ended with thirty-nine episodes or less. Almost averted with Recess, as ABC wanted to order more episodes after the initial sixty-five, but Disney declined.
  • Theme Naming: "One Saturday Morning" is the name of the fictional address, and based on fact.
  • Totally Radical: Somewhat.
  • What Could Have Been:
    • According to one OSM animator on YouTube, ABC loved the Mrs. Munger's Class shorts and wanted to do a primetime version. But that didn't happen because of the aforementioned lawsuit. However, a few Saturday morning shorts were aired on the "TGIF" lineup before.
      • To elaborate, animator Tim Maloney explained in a comments section that the producers would have been more than happy to negotiate with those people for the use of their likenesses—the show was just that popular (both with viewers and network execs), and ABC wanted way more out of it than the mere minute-long segments. Maloney even mentioned that the people would likely still be receiving royalty checks to this day.
  • Wolverine Publicity:
    • Recess was their number-one show, to the point where they would always advertise it more than the other shows...even after it ended production.
    • For ABC Kids, it was Lilo & Stitch: The Series; it was supposed to be for Disney Channel, but Disney really wanted to keep Lilo & Stitch's momentum going and made it a show for this block as well.
  • Writing Around Trademarks: A kinda-sorta version: during the block's early years, when Bugs Bunny and Tweety was on, the bumpers would not refer to the block's name, and the graphics would show the logo minus the "Disney" script logo mounted to the flag perched atop the logo; obviously this was to prevent legal issues. A similar thing was done during One Too; when Sabrina: TAS aired, the bumpers would lack the Disney logo.

Alternative Title(s): ABC Kids, One Saturday Morning