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Creator / Morecambe and Wise

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"The play what I wrote"
Ernie Wise

"I'm playing all the right notes — but not necessarily in the right order."
Eric Morecambe

A legendary British comic double act, both of whom got OBEs. Consisted of Eric Morecambe (John Eric Bartholomew, 14 May 1926 – 28 May 1984), the dark-haired "funny man"; and Ernie Wise (Ernest Wiseman, 27 November 1925 – 21 March 1999), the blond-haired "straight man". They met as teenagers and learned their skills as a Vaudeville double-act during the 1940s and 50s, so by the time they got to be on TV, they were primed for success — but didn't get it. Their first TV show Running Wild (1954) suffered from what in hindsight was Early Installment Weirdness, and an early newspaper gag went "Definition of TV: the box in which they buried Morecambe & Wise". Morecambe, the more anxiety-ridden of the two, carried the cutting in his wallet for the rest of his life, as a sort of portable Motivational Lie.


The duo went back to live performance for seven years, before landing a second TV show on the British commercial network ATV, Two of a Kind (1961-1968). This was better-written and made them famous, including a memorable episode where they rubbed up against The Beatles, but there was more to come. In 1968 the writers of Two of a Kind, Dick Hills and Sid Green, quit the show and it was widely felt within British TV that Morecambe and Wise were finished. However, a BBC executive hooked them up with a gifted scriptwriter named Eddie Braben who understood them better than any previous writer, and The Morecambe & Wise Show (1968-1977) was the result.

Full of classic sketches and celebrity guests, and with the central dynamic between the duo brilliantly retooled by Braben, it made them more popular than ever before. A running gag was that Ernie considered himself a talented playwright and would ask the guests to take roles in the latest "play what I wrote". This allowed them to do spoofs of famous plays and films, playing Eric and/or Ernie's Large Ham tendencies for maximum funny. Christmas editions of the show earned the highest viewing figures in British TV history up to that point: 20 million people are estimated to have watched their 1977 Christmas special, making it in turn an integral part of A Very British Christmas. The story goes that the National Grid had to prepare in advance for almost everyone in Britain putting on the kettle at the same time after it finished. The show's success made the duo into national treasures.


The Morecambe & Wise Show had a Channel Hop to commercial TV in 1978, but Braben was left behind, and while the later version of the show contained many classic moments, the duo's final work was in general less brilliant than their 1970s peak.

Morecambe died in 1984, from a fatal heart attack after a public performance. Wise died in 1999. Both of their deaths were front-page news.

YMMV tropes are here.

What do you think of these tropes so far? Rubbish!

  • Accidental Misnaming:
    • The "Andrew Preview" sketch, origin of Eric's page quote.
    • Penelope Keith also did it to Eric, referring to him as "Derek Moron".
  • Actor Allusion:
    • In the Anthony and Cleopatra sketch alone, Eric sat on Glenda Jackson's Oscar (and then stole it at the end) and after Eric enters holding a sign reading "SPQR", it flips and changes to "Luton FC" (which he owned at the time).
    • In the 1977 Christmas Special, set on an old Navy ship, they had a cameo from Arthur Lowe and most of the Dad's Army cast. As Lowe's character leaves (after suffering a mutiny), he looks at Eric and says he'll see him hang.
      Arthur Lowe: No, that's Eric Morecambe. (points to Ernie Wise) That's Mr Wise.
      John Le Mesurier: Oh. (they both leave)
    • When they came back to TV after Morecambe's recovery from his first heart attack, they smiled, said hello to the audience and then Eric pulled open the lapel of his jacket and said to his chest "Keep going, you fool!"
  • Affectionate Parody: All of their parodies really, but particularly the musical numbers.
  • Anachronism Stew: Often Played for Laughs, such as having modern technology and pop culture references in the sketches set in the past. For example, one sketch has Lady Hamilton ring up Admiral Nelson on the phone during the Battle of Trafalgar.
  • Aside Glance: Eric played this straight, as you'd expect from an old-school variety performer, but once the duo were on TV he also devised a way to turn it Up to Eleven: while someone else was talking, he would sometimes glance into another camera, turn to face it, and then just beam foolishly at it without saying anything. After a while Ernie would join him, beaming over his shoulder, and if there was anyone else on stage at the time they would eventually join in too, for as long as Rule of Funny permitted, until they would all go back to the dialogue.
  • Banana Republic: The setting of their early film The Magnificent 2.
  • Berserk Button: Don't ever suggest that Eric is playing all the wrong notes.
  • Butt-Monkey: Des O'Connor in any of his appearances.
    • In the Hills & Green era, Eric tended to be the Butt Monkey of the duo but Braben cleverly reinvented the duo's dynamic, removing Ernie's Mean Boss tendency and turning him into a Ditzy Large Ham; Eric, in turn, acquired jester and Stoic Woobie tendencies, the latter exemplified in the "Singin' in the Rain" sketch (actually not written by Braben) in which Ernie dances happily while Eric gets wetter and wetter. The role of Butt Monkey was given to their guests, who put up with endless humiliation in the name of funny.
    • Eric and Ernie actually ended up becoming the Butt Monkey in the tap-dancing sketch where they are repeatedly obscured by their backing dancers.
  • Call-Back: Peter Cushing worked on one of their shows in 1969 which led to a running joke that he was never paid. All told he appeared on the show about six times, but didn't actually get "paid" until 1980. This is also something of a Brick Joke as when he finally does receive payment, he just shouts, "Paid! At last!" without any reference to having been on the show before.
  • Catchphrase: Ernie had "the play what I wrote", Eric had "This boy's a fool!"; "What do you think of it so far? Rubbish!" [with the last word being spoken by an improvised ventriloquist's dummy], and more.
    • One of the most famous derived from a sketch. Ernie pointed out that Eric was going bald and suggested he got a wig, telling him, "Some of your best friends have wigs and you'd never know it." Eric immediately assumed Ernie meant himself and tried to pull his hair off. For the next twenty years, Eric would interrupt whatever they were doing to stare at Ern's hair and comment, "You can't see the join!"
    • Whenever somebody spoke outside of Eric's vision and he was looking at somebody else he'd say: "You said that without moving your lips!"
  • Celebrity Resemblance: Vic Reeves and Bob Mortimer, a British comedy duo inspired by Morecambe and Wise, played their idols in a BBC biopic in part because they look quite a bit like them. Reeves in particular is a dead ringer for Eric Morecambe.
  • Corpsing: Many contemporary critics noted how Eric essentially seemed exempt from the usual rules on this—he would regularly laugh at his own jokes and smile when he or Ernie messed up a line. The reason seems to be the 'domestic' dynamic Eddie Braben gave the pair with his flat sketches, letting their real friendship shine through—so the audience accepted Eric laughing at his own jokes the way a witty friend would in a Real Life conversation.
    • On the other hand, in the "Grieg Piano Concerto" sketch, while Eric, Ernie and André Previn all play their parts completely seriously, in the background you can see the orchestra's musicians struggling and failing to keep a straight face.
  • Credits Gag: A common feature when introducing a parody sketch (such as the Napoleon sketch and Anthony and Cleopatra) was to play with the names, saying Actor A was actually played by a second actor and saying that actor was played by a cat who was played by a completely different actor. Example.
  • Curse Cut Short: During "I'm Wishing".
    Ernie/Prince: "Tell me wishing well."
    Eric/Well: "Ask and I will tell."
    Ernie: "Will my wish come true?"
    Eric: "It's entirely up to you."
    Ernie: "With your magic spell."
    Eric: "Why don't you go to he—"
    Ernie: "Will you tell my love one what to do?"
  • Deadpan Snarker: Morecambe was one of these, although as their comedy became more subtle it tended to come out as more of a Stealth Insult. He remains one of the few people ever to outsnark John Lennon, during the Beatles' appearance on Two Of A Kind in 1963:
    Eric: What's it like being famous?
    John: Well, it's not like in your day, you know.
    Eric: Ha! That was an insult, that is! [to Ernie]] You didn't expect that, did you? [to John] What do you mean, "not like in my day?"
    John: Well, me dad used to tell me about you, you know. [John holds his hand down below his waist, to indicate how small he was at the time. Eric looks at it.]
    • As time went on, Ernie & Eric's idiot/bigger-idiot relationship became so strong that the role of Deadpan Snarker was actually handed to their guests; in the Grieg Piano Concerto sketch, Andre Previn is very much the Only Sane Man, complete with Death Glare as Eric's behaviour drives him higher and higher up the wall.
  • The Dog Bites Back: Given all the hassle Eric and Ernie put Des O'Connor through, this had to happen eventually.
    Eric and Ernie, after causing a lot of trouble during World War I, are sentenced to be shot by a firing squad. They're led to the place of execution, and the sound of shots ring out. We then pan down to see who the shooter was...
    Des O'Connor: *laughs maniacally, holding a rifle*
  • Dueling Shows: With The Two Ronnies, although both partnerships were quite friendly with each other.
  • Early Installment Weirdness:
    • There is a very significant shift in tone and format from the Hills and Green-written to the Eddie Braben-written series.
    • Several sketches in the Hills and Green era have the two writers playing a role.
    • Initially Eric and Ernie were confused by the presence of the Lady Who Comes Down At The End, only later smiling and nodding as though her interruption is completely expected.
    • Arthur Tolcher did an actual segment on the show playing progressively smaller harmonicas before accidentally swallowing the last one, prior to the Running Gag of him randomly appearing and starting to play only to be brushed off with 'Not now, Arthur'.
    • Originally, Eric was the idiotic Butt-Monkey and Ernie was the straight man with a Mean Boss trait; when Braben took over writing, he made Eric the straight man and made Ernie a ditzy, egotistical ham.
  • Embarrassing First Name: Eric was always claiming that the "Des" in Des O'Connor was short for "Desperate", "Desert", etc.
  • Grand Staircase Entrance:
    • This was sent up when the boys did a big Hollywood-style entrance with their guest, Penelope Keith. Only to discover the staircase set had not been completed and ended abruptly ten feet up. The orchestra stopped playing and they had to scramble down the supporting framework underneath the staircase, the bits TV viewers are not normally intended to see. The sight of the six-foot-tall Miss Keith struggling down the scaffolding in a tight evening dress, aided by the two comics in top hat and tails, was hugely entertaining. In a reprise of this gag, Penelope falls off the back of the set from the top of the stairs whilst making another entrance.
    • Also sent up with Dame Shirley Bassey's appearance on the programme, with Eric and Ernie playing the role of hapless stagehands who can't do anything right. As Dame Shirley makes her dramatic entrance down the stairs, her shoe gets stuck in a faulty step and she has to make do with a workman's boot.
  • Heterosexual Life-Partners: To the point of sharing a bed. Morecambe was initially dubious about the bed-sharing but agreed to do it on condition that he could have his pipe.
  • Insistent Terminology: Ernie rejected being described as the duo's straight man and insisted that he was the song-and-dance man of the two.
  • Mickey Mousing: The Breakfast Sketch, in which Eric and Ernie making breakfast is synched to "The Stripper".
  • Newscaster Cameo: Trope Codifier. Prior to Morecambe and Wise, newscasters had generally been considered dignified and distant figures in British television. Their number with Angela Rippon started to change this, but it really took off when almost every British newscaster at the time starred with them in "There Ain't Nothing Like A Dame". This started a tradition, which still survives today, of the newscasters indulging in a massive cross-channel crossover musical number, usually for Comic Relief.
  • No Fourth Wall: Obviously, because show was mostly them on stage facing an audience. During the "Singin' in the Rain" sketch, a very wet Eric is being ignored by Ernie so turns to the camera and says, "I'm wet through, folks!"
  • Obfuscating Stupidity: There are a number of hints that Eric is in fact the more intelligent member of the partnership but he acts dumb in order not to disappoint Ernie's intellectual pretensions.
    Ernie: [reading from his latest play]' "Rocky felt a tingle of excitement as his executive jet touched down in Amsterdam. It was his first visit to Italy."
    Eric: [briefly looks away, grimaces, turns back; encouragingly] That's knockout, that, Ern.
  • Oop North: They were from there (Eric from Morecambe, Lancashire and Ernie from Bramley, Leeds) and proud of it.
  • The Perfectionist: Both of them, but Morecambe was notorious for it, especially at the peak of their popularity in the 70s. All those supposed ad-libs, aside glances, even the corpsing? All meticulously rehearsed. Morecambe himself was not the only one to think that his obsession with perfection had something to do with his heart trouble.
    • Producer John Ammonds was also like this. As Eddie Braben put it, "if you sent him a Christmas card, he'd send it back with a note asking for a rewrite".
  • Perspective Magic: After one too many jokes at his expense, Des O'Connor storms onto the show, furious. Eric and Ernie agree they'll do a big musical number to make it up to him. Cue all three of them in top hat and tails dancing down a long staircase... at which point Des's section of the staircase appears to make him vanish. Mission accomplished!
  • Real Life Writes the Plot: Towards the end of their time as a double act Eric stopped dancing and doing physical comedy and their ITV show would usually end with Ernie doing a number as Eric walked away with his coat on and bags packed. This was because Eric's ongoing health problems prevented him from doing such things (which was devastating to him because he loved them) lest they caused another, potentially fatal, heart attack.
  • Right Behind Me
  • Running Gags: Many.
    • Repeated Take Thats at Des O'Connor.
    • Morecambe pretending to throw an invisible object in the air and "catching" it in a paper bag.
    • Celebrities shown working in menial jobs with the line "I worked with Morecambe and Wise, and look what happened to me."
    • There were two semi-regular Once an Episode Big Lipped Alligator Moments: harmonica player Arthur Tolcher would randomly rush on and start to play, only for Eric or Ernie to kindly brush him off with 'Not now, Arthur'; and at the end of many episodes, the "Lady who comes down at the end" (played by Janet Webb) appears to deliver a monologue about her little show, while Eric and Ernie smile and nod along.
    • Ernie's terrible plays.
    • Ernie's height ("he's only got little legs"). Eric would often tell Ernie to stand up when he was already standing.
    • Eric's Cloudcuckoolander tendency to refer to guests as though they were the other gender: e.g. addressing the young and rather Bifauxnen Glenda Jackson as "young sir".
    • Eric would often look at one person when a second person behind him said a line and he would say "You said that without moving your lips!" to the first person. He would turn to face the second as the first spoke and say "You can do it as well!"
    • "What do you think of it so far?" "Rubbish!"
  • Scenery Porn: Parodied, specifically the glitzy sets of 70s variety shows.
    • In one sketch, Eric, Ernie and guest star Penelope Keith, smiling in immaculate evening wear, elegantly descended a huge flight of stairs as the orchestra played, only to find that it ended with a long drop still to go, so that they had to climb awkwardly down to ground level. This was a Shout-Out to an earlier sketch, in which the three of them had gone to the top of the stairs, only for Keith to fall off the back.
    • Shirley Bassey began a musical number on a revolving stage with rotated her into view, and then out of view again because Eric & Ernie as the stagehands had forgotten to stop cranking the revolve; they looked up, saw the cameras, and furiously cranked in the opposite direction to bring her back again. Bassey then descended the steps to the studio floor, still singing, only for the heel of her shoe to break the bottom step and get caught in it. Eric & Ernie crawled out to investigate, and fixed the problem by removing Bassey's foot from her shoe and giving her one of Eric's boots.
  • The Scrooge: Ernie's other major characteristic besides being a bad playwright.
  • Small Name, Big Ego: Ernie.
    Ernie: I'll be doing Singin' in the Rain.
    Eric: Oh, Gene Kelly did that very well...
    Ernie: Yes, well, I'll do it that little bit better, won't I?
    • Again, when Ernie was welcoming Lulu onto the show in effusive tones:
      Ernie: Oh, Lulu, you're one of my biggest fans.
  • Special Guest: One every episode, several in the Christmas specials—not counting the more numerous music spot guest singers/bands.
    • Producer John Ammonds was famous for being able to get anyone as a guest star, no matter how big a star they were or how 'refined' their usual work was; writer Eddie Braben was half convinced he had a collection of blackmail photographs on the entire membership of Equity. His only failure was when he couldn't get Prince Charles, and even then apparently Charles was willing but the Palace vetoed it as too risky.
    • After a while, the show was so big and beloved that the biggest stars were queuing up to do it.
    • Angela Rippon COULD dance to a professional standard, as she showed in her subsequent cameo with the Tiller Girls. Shakespearean and Period Drama actor Eric Porter, however, one if the biggest names in TV at the time clearly couldn’t sing or dance...
  • Spoofing in the Rain: The "Singing In The Rain" sketch which sees Ernie taking the Gene Kelly role (and doing a pretty fantastic job) and Eric as a policeman with the main joke being that it isn't actually raining, but Eric somehow keeps getting soaked anyway.
  • Straight Man and Wise Guy: They started out playing this straight, with Ernie as a bossy straight man and Eric as a ditzy wise guy, but although it made them famous they didn't really hit their stride until writer Eddie Braben inverted the trope, making Ernie a pompous would-be all-round entertainer and Eric his affectionately snarky but idiotic straight man. The result, as critic Kenneth Tynan observed, was that 'Ernie' was a comedian who wasn't funny, while 'Eric' was a straight man who was funny.
  • Stylistic Suck: Ernie's plays. Ernie in-universe was absurdly prolific, described as writing dozens of plays every day, which both explains and fails to explain why they were rubbish: he didn't spend enough time on each one, but on the other hand he wrote so many that you'd have thought he'd get better at it.
  • Surreal Humour: Not a major focus of their work but glimpses of it often showed up. For example, one episode began with Ernie asking for his violin, being handed a saxophone, nodding thanks and then being about to 'play' it with a violin-bow before being interrupted by Eric.
  • Take That!: Most often at Des O'Connor as noted above, but occasionally aimed at other comedians such as Max Bygraves and Jimmy Tarbuck.
    Eric: Why don't you send that joke to Jimmy Tarbuck?
    Ernie: Do you think he'd use my material?
    Eric: Why not? He uses everyone else's.
    • Earlier in their career they were often compared to rival comedy duo Mike & Bernie Winters. Morecambe & Wise were friendly with them, but it didn't stop Morecambe coming out with a lethal snark at their expense:
      Interviewer: Who do you think you'd be if you weren't comedians?
      Morecambe: Mike and Bernie Winters.
  • Talking in Bed
  • That's What She Said: On hearing anything that could be misconstrued as an Unusual Euphemism, Eric did a lot of this:
    Ernie: I've extended my repertoire.
    Eric: It doesn't show from back there.
  • Unusual Euphemism: A favourite trope of writer Eddie Braben:
    Ernie: My auntie's got a Whistler.
    Eric: There's a novelty.
  • Ventriloquism:
    • Eric and the giant dummy he couldn't operate properly. He also messed around with puppets a fair bit as well, such as the skull during his Hamlet soliloquy. Nor did he really bother trying to not move his lips (which was half the joke).
    Eric: "What do you think of it so far?"
    Skull: "Rubbish!".
  • Vitriolic Best Buds: Only in the show; outside, they were True Companions, and you did not want to try to break them apart.
    • As noted above, although Eric Morecambe aimed a number of barbs at Des O'Connor, in real life they were good friends.
  • Wrap-Up Song: The end credits of their shows were played over them doing a song-and-dance act to the standard "Bring Me Sunshine".
  • Young Future Famous People: In a segment on one Christmas show Eric and Ernie play naive soldiers sent on a suicide mission through German lines in World War I, during the course of which they run a motorbike and sidecar over a young Adolf Hitler and his comrades sitting around a campfire.
  • Zany Scheme: Sometimes there was one running through a whole show, usually about how Eric and Ernie would force a supposedly unwilling guest into a role in one of Ernie's plays or a musical number. On one occasion this was inverted, with Eric's Sitcom Arch-Nemesis Des O'Connor turning up as a guest and Eric and Ernie repeatedly managing to get out of doing a number with him by schemes such as making part of the stairs into a lift that is lowered out of sight with him still on it.


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