Lionel Herbert Barrymore (né Blythe; April 28, 1878 – November 15, 1954) was one of the most famous screen actors during The Golden Age of Hollywood. He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to the Barrymore family, show business royalty that included his father Maurice (a big Broadway star), his sister Ethel (also a big Broadway star, who dabbled in movies), and his brother John (a big Broadway star who would become a Hollywood A-lister like his brother). The family would later include John's granddaughter Drew Barrymore.
Lionel Barrymore entered the family business in the last years of the 19th century. When films began to take off Barrymore took to the new medium, making his film debut in 1911. Barrymore became a stock player with D. W. Griffith, but his career in movies really took off in The Roaring '20s when he signed up with Metro Pictures, which became MGM and used Barrymore as an actor in its most prestigious dramas.
Barrymore played a fairly wide variety of roles when he was younger, both heroes and villains, but in his later years became somewhat typecast as kindly grandpas. His most famous role, as the evil Mr. Potter in It's a Wonderful Life, was thus a Playing Against Type triumph.
A broken hip and chronic arthritis confined Barrymore to a wheelchair in his later years, and this was written into several of his film parts. He died of a heart attack in 1954.
Lionel Barrymore films on this wiki:
- The Musketeers of Pig Alley (1912)
- The New York Hat (1912)
- America (1924)
- The Temptress (1926)
- The Show (1927)
- Sadie Thompson (1928)
- West of Zanzibar (1928)
- The Hollywood Revue of 1929 (1929)
- Free and Easy (1930) — cameo
- A Free Soul (1931) — Academy Award for Best Actor
- Mata Hari (1931)
- Arsene Lupin (1932)
- Grand Hotel (1932)
- Dinner at Eight (1933)
- The Girl from Missouri (1934)
- Treasure Island (1934)
- David Copperfield (1935)
- The Little Colonel (1935)
- Mark of the Vampire (1935)
- Public Hero Number 1 (1935)
- Camille (1936)
- The Devil-Doll (1936)
- A Family Affair (1937) — the first film in the Andy Hardy series
- Captains Courageous (1937)
- Saratoga (1937)
- Fifteen films in the Dr. Kildare series as Kildare's mentor, Dr. Gillespie (1938-1947)
- Test Pilot (1938)
- You Can't Take It With You (1938)
- A Guy Named Joe (1943)
- Since You Went Away (1944)
- It's a Wonderful Life (1946)
- Duel in the Sun (1946)
- Key Largo (1948)
- Lone Star (1952) — his last film; he plays Andrew Jackson
Tropes associated with Lionel Barrymore:
- Cool Old Guy: Later in his career, and especially after arthritis and other medical problems left him in a wheelchair, he was usually playing kindly grandpas and wisecracking old folks (at least when he wasn't playing a crotchety doctor in the Dr. Kildare series).
- Disabled Character, Disabled Actor / Written-In Infirmity: From You Can't Take It With You (where he used crutches) onward, he was in a wheelchair due to a hip injury and chronic arthritis.
- The Mentor: His role throughout the Dr. Kildare series saw him playing the gruff but well-meaning mentor to Dr. Kildare and other young doctors.