Kennedy Cartoons was an animation studio founded in Toronto by animator Glen Kennedy in 1989, with a branch in the Philippines opening in 1992 (largely for ink-and-paint/camera work). It is known among animation fans for its varying animation quality and its many Off-Model moments. The studio is also known for its stretchy and bouncy character animation.
Some of its Manila staff (such as Annabelle Galvez, Joseph Balderas, and Ronaldo Delfino) migrated to Toon City. After Kennedy closed, Glen founded One Shot Pro, which worked on Hoze Houndz.
Here's Glen Kennedy's site: Kennedy Animation Inc.
Compare StarToons, which worked on some of Kennedy's cartoons.
Kennedy Cartoons worked on the following shows:
- Aladdin: The Series: 12 episodes List . All assisted by the Manila branch.
- Bibi Blocksberg
- Bonkers: 8 episodes List , plus one short List . All assisted by the Manila branch.
- Britannica's Tales Around the World: One short: "The Sun, Moon, and Talia" (with assistance by Bon Art).
- Darkwing Duck: 6 episodes. List . All had assistance by Bon Art.
- Fantastic Four (1990s series; Season one opening with Encore Communications). Also one episode: "Mole Man", with Wang Film Productions.
- Goof Troop: 15 episodes List ; several with assistance from Wang (four episodes) and Bon Art. Also worked on the opening.
- Iron Man (Storyboards; season one)
- Mutant League (storyboards)
- The Pirates of Dark Water (uncredited; animator James Straus has mentioned working on it)
- Raw Toonage (one short: "Goldijitters and the Three Bobcats")
- Timon & Pumbaa (uncredited; unknown which specific episodes)
- Tiny Toon Adventures: 17 episodes List ; With assistance from Fil-Cartoons and Wang Film Productions. Also provided layouts (but not the animation) for "Fairy Tales For the '90s".
- What A Cartoon! Show ("Tales of Worm Paranoia") (co-production between Kennedy's Manila branch and Carbunkle Cartoons)
NOT animated by Kennedy Cartoons but similar in style:
- Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers: "Fake Me To Your Leader": Animation by Wang Film Productions and Cuckoo's Nest. Glen Kennedy is not listed in the credits but it's possible he supervised the animation in this episode while in Taiwan. This is unconfirmed, however.
- Hägar the Horrible Hagar Knows Best: The animation was done by Wang Film Productions and Cuckoo's Nest, Glen Kennedy was one of the animation directors and some scenes are animated in his signature style.
- Jetsons: The Movie: Animation by Wang Film Productions, Cuckoo's Nest and Fil-Cartoons. Glen Kennedy was an animator, and his style is unmistakable. (see about 31 seconds in)
- A Pup Named Scooby-Doo: Animation by Wang Film Productions and Cuckoo's Nest. The first season episodes featured Glen Kennedy as an animation director, hence the similar style.Note
- The Wacky World of Tex Avery: Animation by Hong Ying. The opening sequence was animated by Animasia, a Singapore-based studio where Glen Kennedy was a staff member. The intro definitely carries his style.
Tropes found in Kennedy Cartoons' work:
- Animation Bump: Certain animators from the studio (such as Glen Kennedy) went above and beyond by producing full animation for their sequences. For a TV production, this was (and still is) rare, especially from a domestic studio.
- Say what you will about the character designs, but when it comes to the amount of drawings, the first few minutes of "Fields of Honey" are exceptional. The same is true for the first short in "Best O' Plucky Duck Day".
- Generally people will agree that the best animated sequences were done by Jon Mcclenahan (who would later found the animation studio StarToons) and John Williamson.
- Art Evolution: When the studio began, Glen Kennedy's bouncy style heavily influenced many of the animators, but his visual influence became less and less evident with each passing Disney show, to the point that his style is barely present in Aladdin (if at all). Also, Kennedy's Tiny Toons work had three periods: the first 5 episodes were extremely bouncy and cartoony, the last 3 episodes are the least bouncy and have tons of off-model moments. The 9 episodes inbetween are mildly bouncy and quite normal.
- Declarative Finger: Characters animated by Kennedy often have a tendency to do this as they speak.
- Depending on the Artist: And how. One of the major differences between Kennedy and other studios is how easy it is to differentiate between different animation styles during an episode. Opinions differ on whether this is a good thing; proponents like that an individual's thumbprint is still seen in the final animation because it gives the work a more personal touch, while opponents consider this is a sloppy practice because to them, if the designs/animation style aren't 100% uniform throughout the episode, it's considered Off-Model.
- Deranged Animation: Some scenes Kennedy animated for TTA that usually lasted for a split second or two.
- David Feiss animated on a few of the early Kennedy episodes (most notably in "Buster and the Wolverine" and "You Asked For It Part II"), and his scenes stick out quite a bit, looking somewhat similar to Cow and Chicken.
- Everybody Do the Endless Loop: In the Tiny Toons work, sometimes characters would do a rather nutty dance move reminiscent of Kennedy's earlier work on A Pup Named Scooby-Doo, and on occasion, characters may break out into dance for no reason (such as in "Buster And the Wolverine"). This practice was quickly nixed after the first few KC episodes, though.
- Off-Model: They were fired after the first season of TTA because of this. As the rumor goes, episodes like "The ACME Bowl" and "High Toon" had to be almost entirely re-animated from scratch (usually by Wang). However, they quickly found work over at Disney anyway.
- Signature Style: As far as Glen Kennedy is concerned, bouncy and stretchy characters, mouths that are frequently in the "o" position, shuffling feet, and many oft-repeated sight gags (such as characters stretching to absurd lengths before zipping off-screen). This YTP encapsulates many of those traits.
- Thick-Line Animation: Most pronounced in the Tiny Toon episodes "Hare Today, Gone Tomorrow" and "Buster and the Wolverine".
- Wild Take: Glen Kennedy could do some really crazy and off-the-wall wild takes that would've done Tex Avery and Bob Clampett proud. This is mostly prominent in A Pup Named Scooby-Doo and their earlier Tiny Toons work.