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In general, as university studies have shown, there are few simple rules of how Polish titles work. If the directly translated title doesn't carry a genre connection in Polish, a completely new title will be invented. And if there is already a pre-existing title (directly translated or not) within the genre that can be referenced, the new, referencing title will be created instead. Anything that sounds funny or silly while it shouldn't will be also changed. Sequels always stick to the Polish title of the first movie, which leads to entire slew of Artifact Titles. And finally, as long as producers don't intervene, remakes and reboots are always released under different title than the original, to avoid confusion.

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Speaking of producers, nowadays each foreign release is given handful of pitch titles, which the producers of the original pick from, so it's not always the fault of the Polish distributor the film ends up with a silly title.


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    Anime and Manga 
  • Captain Tsubasa, at least the anime version, was released under three different titles: Kapitan Tsubasa, Kapitan Hawk i Kapitan Jastrząb (jastrząb being Polish word for hawk), all thanks to extremely low effort, low quality translation that was changing almost from episode to episode.
  • Destiny of the Shrine Maiden became Kapłanki przeklętych dni (Priestesses of the Cursed Days).
  • Drifting Dragons manga was less creatively renamed as Łowcy Smoków (Dragon Hunters).
  • Food Wars! was released as Kulinarne pojedynki (Culinary duels).
  • Grenadier was renamed Rushuna - wystrzałowa wojowniczka (Rushuna - The Snappy Warrior).
  • Kamisama Kiss is known as Jak zostałam bóstwem?! (most literally How I became a deity?!, but goddess works too).
  • Magic Knight Rayearth went through extensive translation complications, starting right from the title: Wojowniczki z Krainy Marzeń (Warriors from the Dream Land).
  • The manga adaptation of Psycho-Pass was changed to Inspector Akane Tsunemori. Weirdly enough, the manga adaptation of the second season retains its original title.
  • As in many countries, Saint Seiya became Rycerze Zodiaku (Knights of the Zodiac).
  • Slayers was released as Magiczni wojownicy (Magic Warriors). Manga sticks to the original title, but uses the "Magiczni wojownicy" as a subtitle.
  • Sailor Moon is known under the title Czarodziejka z Księżyca (Sorceress from the Moon).
  • The Way of the Househusband became Yakuza w fartuszku. Kodeks perfekcyjnego pana domu (Yakuza in a apron. The Rules of a Perfect House Husband).

    Films — Animation 
  • All-Star Superman became The Undefeated Superman.
  • Despicable Me became Jak Ukraść Księżyc (How to Steal the Moon)note . The sequel was named Minionki Rozrabiają (Minions Go Wild), in reference to Gremlins, which had the title Gremliny Rozrabiają in Poland. The threequel was named Gru, Dru i Minionki (Gru, Dru and the Minions).
  • Epic was renamed as Tajemnica Zielonego Królestwa (translatable to Mystery of the Green Kingdom). Understandable as the word epic, if translated literally into Polish as epicki, would mean simply "of the epic poetry genre" (unless counting the slang meaning that is identical to English meaning, but would be outstanding in the kids' movie). And the Polish name describes much more.
    • The release title is also a reference to the 90s Polish animated movie titled Królestwo Zielonej Polany (Kingdom of the Green Meadow), which included a shrinked human interacting with insects of the titular meadow.
  • A Bug's Life became Dawno temu w trawie (Once upon a time in the grass).
  • A Goofy Movie became Goofy na wakacjach (Goofy on Holidays).
    • An Extremely Goofy Movie became Goofy w collegu (Goofy in College).
      • Generally, until the late 2000's, if the movie's original title contained words The Movie, then its Polish title has that part skipped (f.e. The Spongebob Squarepants Movie's Polish title is just SpongeBob Kanciastoporty) or replaced entirely (applies, for instance, to all three Polish dubs of Tom and Jerry: The Movie - Tom i Jerry: Ale kino!, Z filmoteki Toma i Jerry’ego: Przygody małej Robin (From Tom and Jerry's Film Library: The Adventures of Little Robin) and Tom i Jerry: Wielka ucieczka (Tom and Jerry: The Great Escape)
  • Home on the Range was translated as Rogate Ranczo (Horned Ranch).
  • Hoodwinked! became Czerwony Kapturek: Prawdziwa Historia (Red Riding Hood: The True Story).
  • Frozen became Kraina lodu (Land of ice).
  • Inside Out became W głowie się nie mieści (Literally, Head can't contain it, but it's also an idiom for "unbelievable" or "inconceivable").
  • Minuscule - La vallée des fourmis perdues was released as Robaczki z Zaginionej Doliny (Bugs from the Lost Valley).
  • The Nightmare Before Christmas became Miasteczko Halloween (Halloween Town).
  • Open Season became Sezon na misia (Season for a bear). It was done deliberately, since Sezon łowiecki (the literal translation) is rather unfortunate title for a kid-aimed animation.
  • Planet Hulk got a much lamer name of Hulk na obcej planecie (Hulk on a alien planet).
  • As in some other countries, The Rescuers became Bernard i Bianka.
    • Similarly, the title of The Rescuers Down Under translates to Bernard and Bianca in the Land of Kangaroos. The "in the Land of Kangaroos" is a reference to the first book of a well-known (in Poland) adventuring series, Tomek in the Land of Kangaroos
  • The Secret of NIMH has two titles. The first one is directly translated from the original, the second is Dzielna pani Brisby (Brave Mrs. Brisby).
  • Shark Tale became Rybki z ferajny - itself a play on Polish title of GoodFellas - Chłopcy z ferajny.
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    Films — Live-Action 
  • Poland in general used to be really silly in this kind of thing. If you thought that Elektroniczny Morderca (Electronic Murderer) was silly enough, you haven't seen the proposed title of the Polish RoboCop (1987) release: Policyjny Gliniarz (roughly Police Cop). It ended up being released as Superglina (Super cop) though.
    • The Terminator case is justified by the fact that in the 80's the Polish word "terminator" was still used as a synonym to 'the apprentice', especially by older people. Nonetheless subsequent releases changed title to simply Terminator and nowadays Elektroniczny Morderca is just an amusing anecdote.
    • When the second RoboCop movie was released, the plan was to translate it literally, as RoboGlina 2. Ultimately, the original title was kept unchanged and the first movie was re-titled to English version, too.
  • To make sure the source material is recognisable, 10 Things I Hate About You became Zakochana złośnica (Shrew in Love). Good call, since this lead to school trips to cinema.
  • 12 Years a Slave was released as Zniewolony (Enslaved).
  • 976-EVIL became Telephone of Hell.
  • Absurd became From Hell.
  • Adrift (2018) became 41 dni nadziei (41 days of hope).
  • Airplane! is called Czy leci z nami pilot? (which roughly means Is there a pilot with us?) in Polish while its sequel is called Spokojnie, to tylko awaria (Don't worry, it's just a malfunction).
  • All Hallows' Eve became Trick or Treat.
  • Any Given Sunday became Męska gra (Manly game).
  • Alien and Aliens had their titles extended because singular and plural forms of the word 'alien' in Polish are identical. So the movies become known as, respectively, Obcy: Ósmy pasażer Nostromo (Alien: Eighth Passenger of Nostromo) and Obcy: Decydujące starcie (Aliens: The Decisive Conflict).
  • American History X became Więzień nienawiści (The Prisoner of Hate).
  • Analyze This and Analyze That were released as Depresja gangstera (A gangster's depression) i Nawrót depresji gangstera (Relapse of the gangster's depression).
  • Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy became Legenda telewizji (A Television Legend).
  • As Good as It Gets is known as Lepiej być nie może (It can't get any better).
  • Arrival became Nowy Początek (The New Beginning).
  • Austin Powers: The International Man of Mystery became Austin Powers: Agent specjalnej troski (Austin Powers: Special Needs Agent). The sequel was called Austin Powers: Szpieg, który nie umiera nigdy (Austin Powers: The Spy Who Never Dies).
  • Baazigar was originally released as Gry miłosne ("Love games"), to be later re-issues as Ryzykant ("Dare-devil", literally "Risk-taker"). An unofficial bootleg release, translated from German subtitles, also bills it as "Kuglarz" (an archaic word for a street performer), which is the closest to the actual meaning of the original title - "Juggler".
  • Basic became Sekcja 8. (The 8th Section).
  • A Bay of Blood became Bloody Camp.
  • Bedeviled became Applic@tion.
  • The Beyond was circulating in VHS bootleg circles as both Hotel siedmiu bram (Hotel of the Seven Gates) and Siedem bram piekieł (Seven gates of hell), depending on the source of the bootleg and thus the "original" title. The film never had proper release, so it's unknown what would be its official title.
  • Big Game was translated as Polowanie na prezydenta (Hunt for the president).
  • Blackhat was simplified to Haker.
  • Blade Runner was released as Łowca androidów (The Android Hunter) but the SF fans usually use its original title.
  • Blank Check became Milioner w spodenkach (A millionaire in shorts).
  • Blood Feast became Święto krwii ("Holiday of Blood").
  • The Book of Eli became Księga ocalenia (The Book of Salvation).
  • Boss Level was released as Poziom mistrza (Master's level) indicating difficulty, rather than a boss fight. This was done deliberately, as the concept of a video game boss is relatively obscure to general public, unlike high difficulty of a given task (and still carrying a connotation with video games).
  • The original Le Bossu (1959) has a literal translation and is known as Garbus (The Hunchback). But the remake, still titled in French Le Bossu, was released in Poland as Na ostrzu szpady (On Blade of Foil), never mind the original being a well-recognisable fencing movie.
    • It might have been because in the meantime "Garbus" became a widespread nickname for the VW Type 1 (just like "Beetle" in English-speaking countries), and the Polish distributor didn't want any associations with the Volkswagen.
  • Boys Don't Cry became No Time For Tears. Coincidentally, there is a Polish comedy that came out soon after, titled Chłopaki Nie Płaczą, which translates to "Boys Don't Cry".
  • BrainDead became Brain Necrosis.
  • Broken Arrow was released as Tajna Broń (Secret Weapon).
  • Bringing Out The Dead was translated as Ciemna Strona Miasta (Dark Side of the City).
  • The Burning became Flames.
  • But I'm a Cheerleader became simply Cheerleader. And it was still alien, as chearleaders were and still are by and large unknown in Poland, along with any associations with them, making both the title and the joke in Title Drop scene completely lost. On top of it, the literal translation would have to be something like "Ale przecież jestem cheerleaderką!", which is a mouthful, while making it all that more confusing.
    • The original VHS releasenote  was done under Chłopak czy dziewczyna?, which means "Boyfriend or girlfriend?" (and literally - "Boy or girl?"), but any following release via home media or broadcast in the TV was under Cheerleaderka. Either way, both titles are official.
  • Caddyshack became Golfers.
  • Cannibal Holocaust became Naked and Torn Apart.
  • Captain America: Civil War was translated as Kapitan Ameryka: Wojna Bohaterów (Captain America: War of the Heroes).
  • Carriers are known under Zabójczy wirus (Deadly Virus). This comes from a 1998 TV movie, also titled Carriers, which thanks to particularly poor translation, was turned into Zabójczy wirus back then. Apparently whoever did those, never heard about the term Nosiciele (the direct translation).
  • Castle Freak (1995) became Monster in the Castle.
  • Child's Play (1988) is changed to Laleczka Chucky (Chucky the Doll). It is also known under titles Dziecięca zabawa (literal translation of the original title) and Grzeczny chłopiec (A Nice Boy).
    • As for the sequels, Child's Play 2 was renamed Powrót laleczki Chucky (The Return of Chucky the Doll), while Seed of Chucky had its title changed to Laleczka Chucky: Następne pokolenie (Chucky the Doll: The Next Generation).
  • Chopping Mall became Death Robots.
  • Cinderella Man became Człowiek ringu (Man of the ring).
  • Cloverfield's title was changed to amusingly uninspired Projekt: Monster possibly because Polish audience was largely unfamiliar with film's ARG.
    • Confusingly 10 Cloverfield Lane was released under basically unaltered title Cloverfield Lane 10 note  and The Cloverfield Paradox got straight translation Paradoks Cloverfield.
  • Collateral became Zakładnik (Hostage).
  • Collateral Damage became Na własną rękę - and idiom meaning On My Own. The concept of collateral damage simply doesn't exist in Polish language and the loan-word for it - introduced few years after the film release - never took off either.
  • Coming to America is Książe w Nowym Jorku (Prince in New York).
  • The Conjuring became Obecność (Presence). The marketing significantly played up the supernatural meaning of the title, to avoid any sort of confusion - otherwise, the default meaning of the word is "attendance" (for work or school).
  • The Contender became Ukryta prawda (Hidden Truth).
  • Cookie's Fortune became Kto zabił ciotkę Cookie? (Who killed aunt Cookie?) - and deliberately so, to get across the board this is a mystery plot, rather than an adventure movie.
  • The Cottage became Slaughtered Alive.
  • The Crazies (1973) go under very literal Szaleńcy (indicating mental illness). However, the remake, The Crazies (2010), inexplicitly became Opętani ("Possessed").
  • The Crying Game became Gra pozorów (literally Game of Sham, which is an idiom describing a ploy or a decoy, sort of English "smoke and mirrors"), hinting in the title there is some twist awaiting. And apparently, Dark Blue was also released as Gra pozorów.
  • The Dark (2005) became Life for Death.
  • Dark Asylum became The House of the Insane.
  • Dazed and Confused was renamed "Uczniowska Balanga" ("Student Party"), likely because of the song's relative obscurity in Poland.
  • Dead and Deader was simplified to just Zombie.
  • The Deadly Spawn became Limb of the Devil.
  • Death Becomes Her was translated as Ze śmiercią jej do twarzy (Death suits her, but more literally Death suits her face).
  • The Demonologist became Demon Slayer.
  • Die Hard's title was changed to Szklana Pułapka (The Glass Trap) for its Polish release (similarly to the French version, Le Piege Du Cristal). Strangely enough, sequels retain this increasingly inappropriate title.
    • Good thing the fourth one is called Die Hard 4.0 in Europe. Or else it would be Live Free of Glass Trap in Polish.
    • Spy Hard was released in Poland as "Szklanką po łapkach". This is a borderline Word Salad Title, as it roughly means "To hit somebody's hands with a (drinking) glass", and the title was chosen only because it sounds similar to "Szklana pułapka".
  • The official translation of Dirty Dancing's title is' Wirujący Seks, which translates back into Whirling Sex. However, the original title is used far more often.
  • The Disappearance of Alice Creed turned into Uprowadzenie Alice Creed (The Abduction of Alice Creed). Spoiler Title aside, this also made the twist ending completely lost in translation, to the point where people fluent in English tend to laugh and clap at the ending, while those not understanding the original title miss the twist entirely.
  • The Distinguished Gentleman was released as Fałszywy senator (The Fake Senator).
  • Don't Be a Menace to South Central While Drinking Your Juice in the Hood became Chłopaczki z sąsiedztwa (the Polish title of Boyz n the Hood, but with the diminuitive form of the word "boys").
  • Don't Kill It became Pogromca demonów (Demon Slayer, or more literally, Demon Vanquisher).
  • Since Dragnet is completely unknown in Poland, the film spoof of the series was titled Dziennik sierżanta Fridaya (Diaries of Sgt. Friday).
  • Drive Angry became Piekielna zemsta ("Hellish Revenge").
  • The Dungeonmaster became (the) Ruler of the underworld (no, not the capitalised Underworld). This comes from the fact the world "loch" (direct translation of dungeon) has a very narrow meaning in Polish. Not to mention the movie came out years before tabletop RPG or wide access to PCs became a thing in Poland, so the original context would be lost anyway.
  • End of Days became I stanie się koniec ("And Then The End Will Come"), while the grammatical structure is evoking the dominant Polish translation of the Bible.
  • End of Watch became Bogowie ulicy (Double-Meaning Title for either The Street Gods or Gods of the Street).
  • Enemy Mine is known as Mój własny wróg (My own note  enemy), losing the original meaning in the process.
  • Eraser was bafflingly titled Egzekutor (Enforcer or Executioner). This was probably done both because the more accurate title Wymazywacz would sound a bit silly and to capitalize similarity to titles like Terminator or Predator.
  • Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind, being long, complicated and simply nonsensical in Polish, was changed into Zakochany bez pamięci (Lover without memory)note .
  • Event Horizon got the often ridiculed title Ukryty wymiar (Hidden dimension).
  • Exit Wounds became Mroczna Dzielnica (Dark District).
  • The Expendables became Niezniszczalni (The Indestructibles). This turns the meaning on its head, but a literal translation would not work as a single-word group name; a translation shorter than a dictionary entry would either lose the subtextual meaning, or sound utterly silly.
  • The Faculty became Oni (They). Literal translation (Kadra) relates to HR context and nothing else. And since there was already a small movie about certain alien invasion known in Poland as Oni Żyją...
  • A Few Good Men became Ludzie honoru (Men of Honour), since literal Polish translation (Kilku dobrych ludzi) sounds silly. Couple years later a movie actually titled Men of Honor was released as Siła i honor (Strength and Honor). And an Irish film titled Strength and Honour with Michael Madsen and Vinnie Jones wasn't released at all.
  • Fight Club became Podziemny krąg (The Underground Circle or The Underground Ring).
  • Final Destination became Oszukać Przeznaczenie (To Cheat Destiny).
  • The Final Girls became Girls of Death.
  • Finding Neverland became Marzyciel (The Dreamer).
  • In a rare case of renaming reducing confusion First Blood is known in Poland as Rambo: Pierwsza Krew (Rambo: First Blood) with its sequels titled simply Rambo II and Rambo III.
  • Freeway became A Murderer's Gaze.
  • Both versions of Fright Night became Postrach nocy (Terror of the Night).
  • The Full Monty was turned into Goło i wesoło. Literally it means "naked and cheery", but it's also an idiom meaning a completely broke person, fitting both the theme and the plot of the movie.
  • Since Ginger Snaps doesn't carry the triple meaning in Polish, it ultimately became most literal and confusing Zdjęcia Ginger (Photos of Ginger). Became an Artifact Title in the sequel, as it has zero bearing with the plot at that point. And gets really silly with Ginger Snaps Back: The Beginning, which was released as Zdjęcia Ginger III: Początek (Photos of Ginger III: The Beginning). You know, the one that's set before the invention of photography.
  • Girl, Interrupted was translated to Przerwana lekcja muzyki (An Interrupted Music Lesson).
  • The Girl With All the Gifts became bizarre Wszechstronna dziewczyna (All-Talented Girl, but also works as Multitool Girl). Ironically, the official Polish subtitles make a (translated) Title Drop of the original in one of the dialogues.
  • GoodFellas are known as Chłopcy z ferajny (Literally "Boys from the pack", but meaning "Guys from the mob").
  • Good Will Hunting became Buntownik z wyboru (Rebel Out Of Choice). And thus, it is ever since confused with Buntownik bez powodu (Rebel Without a Cause).
  • Grabbers became Sober Monsters.
  • Green Room became Sala strachu (The Room of Fear).
  • The Grey was translated as Przetrwanie (Survival).
  • Grosse Pointe Blank is known as "Zabijanie na śniadanie'' (Killing for breakfast).
  • Since there are no groundhogs in Poland or Polish language, Groundhog Day is known as Dzień świstaka (Marmot Day). While the two species are very closely related, the cultural connotations are completely different.
  • The Hangover became Kac Vegas, which literally means Hangover Vegas, but is also a pun on "Las Vegas". Funny as it was with the original...
    • ... this caused trouble when the sequel's action moved to Bangkok. It ended up being named Kac Vegas w Bangkoku (Hangover Vegas in Bangkok).
  • Happy Death Day became Śmierć nadejdzie dziś (Death will come today). It's obviously a play on Polish title for Die Another Day, which was released as Śmierć nadejdzie jutro (Death will come tomorrow). The sequel simply had a numeral added to the title.
  • Hard Candy became Trap.
  • Hawk the Slayer became Vengeful hawk. Not only it's not capitalised (despite being a given name), but translates into a bird species, while keeping Hawk's name in-story unchanged and untranslated, making people puzzled where are any birds in the story.
    • To make things even weirder, the title itself falls straight into Polish habit of referencing previous titles. In this case, it's Air Force, the WW2-era war film, which was released as, you've guessed it, Vengeful hawk.
  • Haywire became Ścigana (which can either be translated back as Chased or Fugitive, with female inflect). It was most likely done intentionally to connect with The Fugitive (released in Poland as Ścigany), despite Haywire being completely different genre. And story.
  • Heathers became Śmiertelne Zauroczenie (Deadly Attraction).
  • Hell or High Water became Aż do piekła (Till Hell). The dialogue in which the Title Drop happens was translated accordingly, so it makes much more sense.
  • High Plains Drifter became simply Mściciel (The Avenger).
    • And keeping the theme, Pale Rider became Niesamowity jeździec (Amazing/Phenomenal/Supernatural/Eerie Rider). Justified, since to keep the Biblical reference, the Polish title would have to be "Trupio blady jeździec" (White As Death Rider), which sounds just silly in contemporary Polish and would sound even more ridiculous if reduced to "Blady jeździec" (suggesting lack of tan).
  • Highlander became Nieśmiertelny (Immortal). Deliberately so, because Góral (direct translation) has a highly specific connotations with even more specific ethnographic group in Poland.
  • Home Alone is known as Kevin sam w domu (Kevin alone at home). Its sequel was aptly titled Kevin sam w Nowym Jorku (Kevin alone in New York) and the third movie Alex sam w domu (Alex alone at home).
  • Hoosiers became Mistrzowski rzut ("A Masterful Throw").
  • Hot Tub Time Machine became Jutro będzie futro. It's an idiom meaning lack of faith in obviously empty promises. No known relations with time travel recorded.
  • House of Usher became Zagłada domu Usherów (The destruction of the house of Ushers, after the original story Polish title.
  • The Hunger became Zagadka nieśmiertelności (The Mystery of Immortality).
  • The Hurt Locker became W pułapce wojny, i.e. In the Trap of War.
  • The Hustler became simply Bilardzista (Billiard Player), as this type of con doesn't have specific name in Polish.
  • The Imitation Game became A Game of Mysteries.
  • In Bruges became Najpierw Strzelaj, Potem Zwiedzaj (Shoot First, Sightsee Later), leading to people assuming it was a different kind of a comedy.
  • Innocent Blood was screened as Krwawa Maria (Bloody Mary), but when released for home media and broadcasted in TV, the title is always translated literally, as Niewinna krew. Nobody really knows why, but both titles are registered as official.
  • Inside Man became Plan doskonały (The Perfect Plan), highlighting the heist aspect of the story, while simultaneously removing the pretty big spoiler.
  • The Insider was released as Informator (The Informant).
  • Into the Wild became Wszystko za życie (Everything for life). This is carried over from the book version, which in turn had a battle over literal translation (W dzicz) and what ultimately became the Polish title.
  • Jawbreaker is Cukiereczek (Tiny Candy, with a diminutive). Jaw-breakers are unknown in Poland.
  • Jennifer's Body became Double Meaning Zabójcze ciało. Literally it means Deadly Body, but "zabójcze" has also a colloquial meaning of "hot, attractive". And both apply to the plot of the film.
  • Kabhi Kushi Kabhie Gham was released as Czasem słońce, czasem deszcz ("Sometimes sun, sometimes rain") and became a Memetic Mutation ever since, up to the point of entering colloquial Polish.
  • Kagemusha became Sobowtór ([Body] Double).
  • Kelly's Heroes became Złoto dla zuchwałych (Gold For the Audacious) and a minor Memetic Mutation, used in various other translations and for Shout Outs.
  • The Killing Fields are Pola śmierci (Fields of death or Fields of dying).
  • Kind Hearts and Coronets became Szlachectwo zobowiązuje ("Noblesse Oblige").
  • Kite was translated as Na Uwięzi (On A Leash).
  • Knights of Badassdom went straight to DVD in Poland as Rycerz (nie) na niby ("(Not) A make-believe knight").
  • Ladyhawke was turned into much more descriptive Zaklęta w sokoła (Enchanted into a hawk, with female inflect).
  • Land of the Blind was renamed Rewolta (The Revolt), most likely because the phrase the original title was referencing isn't as well known in Poland.
  • Last Action Hero is somewhat ambiguous when put into Polish, as it can be translated two ways and still make sense within the context of the movie. Ultimately it became Bohater ostatniej akcji (Hero of the Final Action), since the distributor decided Ostatni Bohater Akcji (the literal translation) would be a grammar mistake and wouldn't make much sense to Poles anyway due to different naming conventions for stock characters. Today it's often aggressively lambasted by younger generation for "improper" translation.
  • Leprechaun became Dwarf - or more specifically, Midget.
  • Limitless was translated as Jesteś Bogiem (You Are A God) - confusingly enough, a biopic about a local rapper titled Jestem Bogiem ("I Am A God", after one of his songs) came out around the release of Limitless.
  • The original Little Shop of Horrors was translated almost directly as Sklepik z horrorami (Little shop with horrors), meanwhile the 1986 version is known as Krwiożercza roślina (Bloodthirsty plant).
  • The Living Daylights had two titles. Originally it was under more literal Światło dnia (Daylight), but by the time Brosnan era started, it was re-titled to W obliczu śmierci (Facing the Death).
  • Lone Survivor became a bizzare Ocalony (Rescued/Saved One), instead of more literal Jedyny ocalały. While they are similar, the difference in meaning between those two words is pretty significant.
  • The Longest Yard is a curious case. The original with Burt Reynolds has a literal translation. Remake with Adam Sandler was released as Wykiwać klawisza (To feint a screwnote ) - wykiwać both means a feint in sport, but also to con or dupe someone. And the British version of the film, Mean Machine, was released as Mecz ostatniej szansy (Last chance match).
  • The Losers (1970) became Executioners.
  • Lost in Translation wasn't thankfully completely lost, becoming Między słowami (literally "Between words", but also a play on "between lines").
  • Lucky Number Slevin has a pun-based translation of Zabójczy numer. Literally translated back it means Lethal Number (itself meaning a very good joke or a "killer" punchline), but it can also mean Lethal Con - and the marketing made sure everyone understood it that way.
  • Madhouse (1974) became In the Circle of Madness.
  • Manhunter is an interesting case. In Poland it's titled Czerwony smok (Red dragon) after the book. This unfortunately means that it's easily confused with more well known 2002 adaptation.
  • The Matador was translated as Kumple Na Zabój (Buddies to Kill For).
  • Midnight Run became Make It Before Midnight.
  • Million Dollar Baby is known as Za wszelką cenę ("Whatever it takes", more literally "For any (given) price").
  • In the inversion of the trope and despite being named after a place (thus not qualifying for title change), Miracle Mile received a new title, becoming Cudowna mila (The Wonderful Mile).
  • The Most Dangerous Game became Count Zaroff.
  • Nam Angels became Moto Devils.
  • Nazi Overlord became The Nazi Experimentarium.
  • Night of the Scarecrow became simply Scarecrow.
  • Nightcrawler became Wolny Strzelec (Freelancer).
  • The Old Man & the Gun became Dżentelmen z rewolwerem (Gentleman with a revolver).
  • Olympus Has Fallen became Olimp w ogniu (Olympus on Fire).
  • Ocean's 11 was distributed under either the original title or as Ryzykowna gra (A Risky Game). The remake combined both and was named Ocean's Eleven: Ryzykowna gra (Ocean's Eleven: A Risky Game). The sequel kept the idea of the a mix of an original and local title, and was called Ocean's Twelve: Dogrywka (Ocean's Twelve: The Play-Off). However, later Ocean films were only distributed under the original title.
  • One Man's Justice became There was a tought guy. Which is a reference to Il était une fois... franchise out of all things, which was released in Poland under "There was/were...".
  • One Night at McCool's is known as O czym marzą faceci (What Men Are Dreaming of).
  • One Night at McCoy's is known as Czego pragną kobiety (What Women Want).
  • Open Range became Bezprawie (Lawlessness).
  • The Other Guys is known as Policja zastępcza (literally Replacement Police), a two-layered pun: on term rodzina zastępcza (foster family) and a popular sitcom under the title Rodzina zastępcza. Nobody said the pun was good.
  • Ouija was expanded to Diabelska plansza ouija (The Demonic Ouija Board). Ouija board is generally unknown in Poland, and most definitely not under its name.
  • Out of Africa became Pożegnanie z Afryką (Farewell to Africa), carrying the title over from the book translation.
  • The already infamous Knife Horse Dawn gets a long, elaborate title of Kaczka po pekińsku, czyli strzały w operze (Peking Duck, or Shots In the Opera).
  • The Perks of Being a Wallflower is simply called Charlie.
  • Phantasm became Mordercze kuleczki (The Murderous Balls). It sounds especially ridiculous in Polish because "kuleczki" is a childish-sounding diminutive.
  • Pieces became Szczątki (Remains), but in Polish the word has a very close connotation with remains of a dead body.
  • The Place Beyond the Pines was translated as Drugie Oblicze (Second Face).
  • Poltergeist became simply Spirit/Ghost, due to lack of equivalent in folklore.
  • The Postman became Wysłannik przyszłości (Envoy of the Future). Expect everyone to mistakenly call it Wysłannik przeszłości (Envoy of the Past), since it makes much more sense in the context of the story, delivering old mail and old ideas and all that.
  • Practical Magic was released as Totalna magia (Total Magic). This is a result of consultation with producers. Original pitch title was Czarna magia - an idiom meaning something completely incomprehensible, but also literally black magic. Obviously Village Roadshow Pictures weren't pleased, so it was turned into a slang version of the idiom, which doesn't carry any sort of bad connotations.
  • Punch-Drunk Love is known as Lewy Sercowy. It's an untranslatable pun on lewy sierpowy - a left hook in boxing. Sercowy would mean "from heart", so the general idea of the title is being dazzled by love as if hit with a boxing hook.
  • Quigley Down Under, due to the "down under" part being untranslatable to Polish, was released as Quigley na Antypodach ("Quigley in the Antipodes"). And one of the pitch titles send to MGM-Pathé was Quigley w krainie kangurów ("Quigley in the land of kangaroos"), a reference to a well-known Polish adventure book, Tomek w krainie kangurów.
  • Raw Deal is known as Jak to się robi w Chicago (How it's done in Chicago). Since Chicago has the world's highest concentration of ethnic Poles outside of Poland and Arnie plays a guy from the Polish stock...
  • Reality Bites is infamous, since it became Orbitowanie bez cukru (Orbiting Without Sugar). The title was created thanks to a radio contest - callers were supposed to give a snappy title to the movie. Someone came up with "Orbitowanie bez cukru". It's a silly pun on the Orbit chewing gum (which was all in rage back then) and the bites from the original title. Without knowing the context it's probably the silliest Polish title ever. And with the context, too.
  • Red Sun became Samurai and Cowboys.
  • Renaissance Man became Inteligent w armii (Intellectual in the Army), despite Polish language having the exact same idiom for a polymath.
  • Reservoir Dogs is known as Wściekłe Psy (Rabid Dogs).
  • Robot Monster became You Come from Outer Space.
  • Role Models became a truly mangled attempt at pun: Wyrolowani (Finagled).
  • Romancing the Stone became Miłość, szmaragd i krokodyl (Love, Emerald and a Crocodile).
  • Savaged became Krwawa zemsta (Bloody Revenge).
  • Scarecrows became The Living Dead.
  • Seeking a Friend for the End of the World became Przyjaciel do końca świata (Friend till the world's end), considerably changing the tone of the title.
  • Seeking Justice was translated as delightfully Hong Kong-sounding Bóg Zemsty (God Of Vengeance).
  • Serenity 2019 was turned into Przynęta (which works as both "Bait" and "Lure"). The more literal Ukojenie was rejected by the distributor, as it is as if titling it "Sedation".
  • Shaun of the Dead became Wysyp żywych trupów (Overflow of the living dead). Done on purpose, since it's a comedy spoofing zombie cliches and both 28 Days Later and Dawn of the Dead (2004) were recently released in Poland, giving a feeling of over-saturation.
  • The Shawshank Redemption was translated as Skazani na Shawshank (Sentenced to Shawshank).
  • Smokey and the Bandit became Mistrz kierownicy ucieka (The Wheel Master Runs Away).
  • Sneakers became much meaner-sounding Włamywacze (Burglars).
    • And another movie with Robert Redford playing a charming thief, The Sting, received a literal translation as Żądło (meaning a bee-sting).
  • Despite Todd being declared obsolete, Soldier became Żołnierz przyszłości (Soldier of the Future).
    • It's also known under an incredibly cheesy title Galaktyczny wojownik (Galactic warrior).
  • Some Like It Hot is known as Pół żartem, pół serio (Half-jokingly, half-serious), lampshading the semi-serious nature of the entire plot.
  • Sorcerer, which was sort of a cult-classic in the VHS era, was released as Cena strachu (The Price of Fear)... just like the French original. To avoid confusion, people usually just add "the French one" or "the American one" when talking about the film.
  • Source Code was released as Kod Nieśmiertelności (Immortality Code).
  • Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker is called Gwiezdne Wojny: Skywalker. Odrodzenie (Star Wars: Skywalker. Rebirth). It had to use the nominative to avoid revealing the gender of the Skywalker to rise.
  • Stranger Than Fiction is known as Przypadek Harolda Cricka (The case of Harold Crick), as the original idiom has no analogue in Polish.
  • Suicide Squad was released as Legion samobójców (Suicide Legion), following the title trademarked for virtually unknown and undeard publication of the comic book. Things only got weirder with the reboot, The Suicide Squad. Since Polish language lacks articles of any kind, such switcheroo was impossible to make, leading to a bizarre Legion Saboójców: The Suicide Squad.
  • The Suckling became Revenge of the Embryo.
  • Sunshine was turned into W stronę słońca (Toward the sun), to indicate the sci-fi nature rather than being another happy-go-lucky Dramedy from Danny Boyle.
  • Super Fly became Odlot (High, the narcotic one).
  • Swordfish is known as Kod Dostępu (Access Code).
  • TerrorVision became Monster from Outer Space.
  • Three Kings was translated into Złoto pustyni (Gold of the Desert). All while the celebration of the Biblical Magi is a landmark in the calendar and a national holiday in Poland.
  • Time After Time became Time Travel.
  • The Tooth Fairy (2006) became Bloody Fortune Teller.
  • Total Recall and it's remake are known as Pamięć absolutna (Absolute memory).
  • Toys became Zabaweczki (Little Toys). But more literally it's still Toys, just in a diminutive form (from neutral "zabawki"), indicating cute, rather than small things.
  • Trading Places is known as Nieoczekiwana zamiana miejsc (Unexpected exchange of places).
  • Train to Busan became Zombie Express. This was done deliberately, since Korean films have usually the connotation of being high-brow auteur stuff, rather than action-packed zombie smashers.
  • UHF has an extended-shortened title of Ultrakrótkie, from "fale ultrakrótkie", the full extension of UHF in Polish.
  • Since Valhalla Rising can't easily be translated into Polish it was released as Valhalla: Mroczny wojownik (Valhalla: the Dark warrior).
  • Vlad Tepes became Prawdziwe życie Drakuli (The Real Life of Dracula).
  • Wasabi was extended into Wasabi - Hubert zawodowiec and is often broadcasted simply as Hubert zawodowiec ("Hubert the professional"), skipping the wasabi part. That was obviously done to connect with the famous performance of Jean Reno in The Professional, released in Poland as Leon zawodowiec ("Leon the professional"). Plus back in the early 00s, wasabi itself was almost completely unknown in Poland and the film is credited with making it familiar to Poles.
  • Weird Science became Dziewczyna z komputera (Girl from a computer). The much better-known series kept the title.
  • What Keeps You Alive became Zabij i żyj (literally Kill and Live, but meaning Kill to survive).
  • The Wicker Man (1973) became Cult. And unlike the typical Polish custom, the 2006 remake is also under Cult.
  • The Whole Nine Yards became Jak Ugryźć 10 Milionów (How To Bite 10 Million).
  • Witchboard became Devil Game.

    Literature 
  • Isaac Asimov's The Caves of Steel was released as Pozytronowy detektyw (The Positron Detective).
  • The Catcher in the Rye was translated as Buszujący w zbożu (literally Pillager in a field of grain, but "buszujący" can be also translated as "(wild) searcher").
  • Due to complicated translational and publishing history, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship Of The Ring was first released simply as Wyprawa (Expedition). This was soon after revised by the same translator as Drużyna Pierścienia (In modern Polish Team of the Ring, but referencing Slavic druzhina; the title was carried over to the film adaptation). There is also another translation, which came out as Bractwo Pierścienia (Brotherhood of the Ring), infamous for very poor attempts at word-making and language stylization of dialogues, along with countless name-changes. It is widely derided as a hack job, up to creation of term "łozizm"note  to describe any translation needlessly changing established terms and given names.
  • Fifty Shades of Grey was published as Pięćdziesiąt twarzy Greya (Fifty faces of Grey). Since the pun is based on a character's name, this couldn't have worked without making too many assumptions.
  • Wyrd Sisters was translated as Trzy Wiedźmy (Three Witches).
  • Jingo, due to having no concise equivalent, was translated as Bogowie, Honor, Ankh-Morpork (Gods, Honor, Ankh-Morpork — a play on a popular jingoistic phrase "God, Honor, Fatherland").
  • Similarly, Hogfather was translated as Wiedźmikołaj, the closest equivalent of which would be "Witchy Claus".
  • Inhabited Island was published as Przenicowany świat (Everted world).
  • Neal Stephenson novels:
    • The first translation of Snow Crash was published under title Zamieć and the second as Śnieżyca (both words meaning Blizzard).
    • As the title of The Diamond Age cannot be translated without losing its double meaning the first translation chose Diamentowy wiek (analogous to "złoty wiek" (golden age)) while the second went for Epoka diamentu (analogous to "epoka kamienia" (stone age)).

    Live-Action TV 
  • The Avengers (1960s) are known as Rewolwer i melonik (Revolver and Bowler Hat). The film version was also under the changed title. Maybe for the better, as it avoids being confused with the other Avengers.
  • Baywatch is known as Słoneczny patrol (Sunny patrol).
  • The Bold and the Beautiful is known under memetic Moda na sukces (Fashion For Success).
  • Better Call Saul was shortened to Zadzwoń do Saula (Call Saul).
  • Burn Notice was translated as Tożsamość Szpiega (A Spy's Identity).
  • CSI was released as Kryminalne zagadki Las Vegas (Criminal mysteries of Las Vegas). It became so recognisable, each subsequent spin-off was aired with the city in the title switched, despite being aired by three different TV corporations.
  • Charmed was turned into Czarodziejki (Sorceresses).
  • Family Feud is known as Familiada (similar to "olimpiada" - Olympic Games).
  • Hey Dude! was translated simply as Rancho while it was shown in Poland.
  • Jake and the Fatman was translated as Gliniarz i Prokurator (The Cop and the Prosecutor).
  • Knight Rider is known as Nieustraszony (Fearless).
  • Leverage became Uczciwy Przekręt (An Honest Con).
  • Married... with Children was translated as Świat Według Bundych (The World According to Bundys).
  • Parker Lewis Can't Lose was shortened to a Character Title, Parker Lewis.
  • Perfect Strangers aired in the early nineties under the title Larry i Balki (Larry and Balki), due to the idiom being untranslatable.
  • The Pretender was widely popular as Kameleon (The Chameleon).
  • Instead of simple, literal translation, Prison Break was turned into Skazany na śmierć (Sentenced to death).
  • Quantum Leap became Zagubiony w czasie (Lost in time).
  • Relic Hunter got turned into Łowcy skarbów (Treasure hunters). The word "relic" can be translated to Polish in two ways: either a remnant or something that should already be extinct (relikt), or a sacred item of historical significance (relikwia).
  • Reno 911! became Posterunek w Reno (Reno Station). Justified in that 911 is the US emergency phone number (the equivalent in Poland would be 112).
  • Since Scrubs have no additional meaning in Polish, the series was given the subtitle "Hoży doktorzy"—"hoży" is somewhat old-fashioned word for "cheerful" (often with slight erotic connotations) but also reads the same way as "chorzy"—"sick".
  • And Ship to Shore turned into Wyspa Przygód (Island Of Adventures).
  • Spellbinder is a curious case. Despite being a Polish co-production, each of the two series comes with different, unrelated title. The first one is known as Dwa Światy (Two Worlds), while the second became W krainie Władcy Smoków (In the Land of the Dragon Lord).
  • Supernatural is known as Nie z tego świata (Out of this world). People stick to the original title anyway.
  • Walker, Texas Ranger is known as Strażnik Teksasu (Guardian of Texas). The initial popularity of the series lead to the point where real life Texas Rangers (and agencies modelled after them or simply using word "ranger") are known in Polish under the same denominator of "strażnicy".
  • The West Wing became Prezydencki poker (Presidential poker), given the complete obscurity in Poland of how the White House is build or how it operates. Reportedly, NBC execs insisted to keep the original title untranslated, which would further alienate any audiences it could get.
  • Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? is called simply Millionaires.
  • The Wire was translated as Prawo Ulicy (Law of the Street).

    Tabletop Games 
  • Talisman is known in Poland as Magia i Miecz (Magic and Sword). It is worth noting the first release of Talisman in Poland was unlicensed and the change of title was used to pretend it's different game. This later lead to development of native Magiczny Miecz and kept the tradition of The Foreign Subtitle for official Talisman game. Magia i Miecz, as a proper title, is currently only reserved for that unlicensed release from the early 90s.

    Theater 
  • Stage adaptation of the 1973 French comedy L'Emmerdeur ("A Pain In The Ass") is titled Co Ja Panu Zrobiłem, Panie Pignon? ("What Did I Do To You, Mr Pignon?"), despite both of the film versions being translated much closer (the original is translated as Natręt, a synonym that can be translated as "Nuisance", the 2008 remake is translated literally, Upierdliwiec).
    • Although when play premiered in theater in Jelenia Góra, another title was used: Zakała ("The Bad Seed" or "The Scum").
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    Western Animation 
  • The Angry Beavers was renamed to Bobry w akcji (Beavers in action) probably because a more direct translation Wściekłe bobry also means "rabid beavers".
  • Back at the Barnyard became Zagroda według Otisa (The Croft According to Otis).
  • The Backyardigans was changed to Przyjaciele z podwórka (Friends from the Backyard).
  • The Fairly OddParents became Przygody Timmy'ego (Timmy's Adventures) when premiered on Disney Channel Polska. When Nickelodeon Polska was launched, it moved here, was renamed Wróżkowie Chrzestni, which means essentially the same thing as the original title.
  • Fillmore! was changed to Fillmore na tropie (Filmore on Trail).
  • Fish Hooks became Akwalans (which roughly translates to Aqua-Swag).
  • Goof Troop became Goofy i inni (Goofy and the Others).
  • Iznogoud became Wezyr Nic-po-nim (Vizier Nothing-after-him)
  • The New Adventures of Ocean Girl was changed to Nera, księżniczka Oceanii (Nera, princess of Oceania) removing the connection to live-action Ocean Girl which in turn was released as Dziewczyna z oceanu (Girl from the ocean).
  • PB&J Otter was renamed I pies, i wydra (Both Dog and an Otter). It's based on the Polish saying ni pies, ni wydra (neither dog nor an otter), which is used when talking about something hard to describe.
  • The Powerpuff Girls became Atomówki (Atomic Girls).
  • Rugrats became Pełzaki. It can be translated to Crawlers, which can be related to original title.
  • South Park became Miasteczko South Park (The Town of South Park).
  • TaleSpin became Super Baloo.
  • T.U.F.F. Puppy became Turbo Dudley - psi agent (Turbo Dudley - dog agent).
  • Uncle Grandpa (and the name of the titular character) became Wujcio Dobra Rada (Uncle Good Advice), a reference to a downright memetic character from the 1980 Polish film Miś.
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