- Doting Parent: Dasharatha had fervently prayed for sons. After his four sons were born, Dasharatha loved them all. The eldest, Rama was his favorite son. Turns out to be his fatal flaw. When the Sage Vishwamitra requested Dasharatha to send Rama with him, the king fainted from shock. Vashistha had to cajole him into doing so.
- Fatal Flaw: His excessive love for his eldest son Rama. After Rama was exiled, Dasharatha was unable to bear the seperstion and died of sorrow.
- The Fettered: A trope that applies to all the kings of the dynasty, even Rama. Vishwamitra was disappointed when Dasharatha was unwilling to send Rama, although Vashistha cajoled him. Dasharatha had to be a man of his word. He promised to grant two boons to Kaikeyi and very, very unwillingly had to fulfil it.
- Hoist by His Own Petard: Dasharatha was once grieveously injured im the Asura war. His wife, Kaikeyi had nursed then nursed him to health. Dasharatha promised her to grant her two boons. Years later, Kaikeyi asks Dasharatha to exile Rama and crown Bharata as the king instead. This leads to Dasharatha's demise.
कौशल्याOne of Dasaratha's three wives, and Rama's mother.
कैकेयीOne of Dasaratha's three wives, and Bharata's mother.
- Action Girl: Used to be this prior to becoming a mother. She drove Dasharatha's battle chariot when the king went to fight the Asuras and nursed him back to health. Some legends say that during the battle, when the bolt securing Dasharatha's chariot wheel came loose, Kaikeyi put her finger and held the wheel in place while simultaneously retreating with Dasharatha.
- Be Careful What You Wish For: Under bad counsel, Kaikeyi asks Dasharatha to exile Rama and make Bharata the king. Except Bharata had no desire to rule Ayodhya and was actually dejected by Rama's exile. Kaikeyi gets admonished by Bharata.
- Evil Stepmother: Played with. Kaikeyi actually liked Rama, but her servant Manthara poisoned her ears. Afraid that her son would be treated as a subservient of Rama, Kaikeyi decided to exile him. Comes to bite her back when Bharata condemned her actions.
सुमित्राOne of Dasaratha's three wives, and mother to the twins Lakshmana and Shatrughna.
भरतRama and Lakshmana's brother, the son of Dasaratha and Kaikeyi.
The VanarasLiterally meaning "Forest Dwellers" the Vanaras are a race of anthropomorphic monkeys capable of human speech. They usually live by the Laws of the Jungle. They are also allied with anthropomorphic bears.
In Ramayana, they serve as the main allies of Rama, helping him in his quest to rescue Sita. They even declare war on Ravana and the Rakshasas and eventually emerge as the victors. They remain life long friends of Rama.
- Everything's Better with Monkeys: They're monkeys, and they're awesome.
सुग्रीवThe son of Surya, the Sun God and the ruler of the Vanaras. He was the younger half-brother of Vali, the son of Indra, the Rain God. He was wrongfully banished from the tribe by Vali. With the help of Rama, Sugriva overthrows Vali and starts helping Rama
- Always Identical Twins: Subverted. Vali and Sugriva are not twins and are of different fathers. Yet they look so alike that Rama asked Sugriva to wear a garland to distinguish between the two brothers.
- Asskicking Equals Authority: Zig-Zagging Trope. While Sugriva fought Vali for the Vanara throne, Rama sneakily aimed an arrow and killed Vali.
हनुमान्A kind and cheerful Vanara who first befriends Rama and Lakshmana. He is the son of Vayu, the Wind God and is Sugriva's best friend. It is later revealed that Hanuman has Stock Superpowers. From then on, Hanuman pretty much becomes a superhero, always helping Rama and Lakshmana when needed the most.
- All-Loving Hero: Hanuman is extremely humble, caring and friendly.
- Break Out Character: The Ramayana has seven books in total. One of them — the Sundara Kanda — is entirely devoted to Hanuman's search for Sita. It pretty much consists of Hanuman defeating several sea monsters and Rakshasas and succeeds in locating Sita.
- Celibate Hero: Hanuman was not interested in having relationships, so he swore an oath of eternal Brahmacharya. Averted in the versions in Southeast Asia such as Thailand, where he has a romance with the mermaid Suvannamaccha and conceives a son with her.
- Cultured Badass: Hanuman is an erudite scholar in the Vedas and other scriptures. He was a disciple of the god Surya. Hanuman spoke Sanskrit so eloquently that even Rama and Ravana were highly impressed. Hanuman was also a minister of Sugriva.
- Dating Catwoman: In the Thai versions in particular, he has a romance with Ravana's daughter, Suvannamaccha, after she becomes his opponent for a time. His wooing of her and explaining the reason for the war on her father spurs her to pull a HeelFace Turn.
- Forgot About His Powers: When Hanuman was a child, he was blessed with many divine powers. He used to harass the sages out of childish exuberance. So the sages cursed him to forget about his powers. It was only after being reminded by the bear king, Jambavan that Hanuman recalled them.
- Humble Hero: An after effect of the curse. Hanuman is humble to a fault. He never told even Rama about himself. He even leaves the venue out of embarrassment when the Sage Agastya starts telling Hanuman's backstory to Rama.
- Monkey King Lite: Hanuman isn't the same as the Chinese Monkey King Sun Wukong, but you can see the similarities. Actually, this is an Inverted Trope, because some scholars think Sun Wukong may have been influenced by Hanuman, and Monkey King Lite is characters who were influenced by Sun Wukong. (Sun Wukong can be traced back to about 1000 years, and the Ramayana is even older.)
- Nice Guy: Hanuman is of a very amiable personality. Something even Rama and Sita appreciated very much.
- Story-Breaker Power: Hanuman is immune to even the Brahmastra, which is equivalent to a nuclear weapon. He can fly all the way from Lanka to the Himalayas, uproot entire mountains and return to Lanka with the entire mountain in just one night.
- Superpower Lottery: As a child, Hanuman was blessed by the gods with Complete Immortality, shapeshifting, absolute invulnerability, super strength, perfect health and immunity from diseases, fire and drowning.
- World's Strongest Man: Hanuman is so strong that he can lift entire Himalayan mountains and fly all the way to Lanka in one night. His strength surpasses that of Kumbhakarna, Ravana's younger brother. He is even stronger than Vali.
- Cassandra Truth: He tried to warn his brother that warmongering would only bring trouble, but Ravana just said he was a coward.
- Defector from Decadence: Defects from Lanka to join Rama's cause when his family continues to dismiss his advice and act vile.
- The Good King: After he is crowned the emperor of Lanka at the end Rama.
- Foil: To Ravana.
- Ravana was more powerful but very evil. Whereas Vibhishana wasn't strong, but he had a natural understanding of Dharma (spiritual morality).
- Ravana was a fast learner in the Vedas and Shastras while Vibhishana was a slow learner. However Vibhishana actually adhered to the teachings of the Vedas whereas Ravana broke them left and right.
- Ravana desired immortality but was denied by Brahma. Vibhishana wanted all the knowledge of Dharma. Brahma was so pleased that he made Vibhishina immortal as well as a freebie.
- Nice Guy: Played with. He was good natured, and gave intelligence on the enemy to Rama, but the fact that he betrayed his own blood family for an enemy doesn't sit well with his bethren. Vibhishna justifies that he tried to sophronize his family, but they dismissed his morality for weakness.
- Only Sane Man: In the race of Rakshasas, Vibhishana was the only one who acted like a civilized and upright man who adhered to the spiritual teachings of Brahma.