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United States of America
Down with the traitors! Up with the stars!

Despite temptations to abandon its isolationist policies, the United States officially remained neutral during the Weltkrieg. Isolated from the horrors of war, America entered the "Roaring Twenties" prosperous, happy, and carefree... until the British government collapsed in 1925, setting off an economic panic that would become the prelude to the Great Depression. When the Depression hit, America was not prepared. President Hoover's poor policies, the isolated trade of the United States, and the German victory preventing Entente payment of Weltkrieg loans made economy recovery slow and arduous.

Almost a decade of economic stagnation has left the population resentful and desperate, fueling the rise of radical politicians. The Republican-Democrat old establishment found themselves challenged by the rapid ascent of the radical left-wing Socialist Party of America, and the radical right-wing America First Party. By 1936, the United States was more divided than ever, and things are only getting worse. The land of the free is on the cusp of another crisis, a Second American Civil War...

  • Arc Words: All five of the World In Kaiserreich videos focusing on the post-collapse American nations start with a variation on the sentence "A long time ago, the United States was a land of vast opportunity and promise." making it the arc words for the second civil war in a way.
  • Became Their Own Antithesis: Should MacArthur fail to relinquish his powers, he's set up a precedent of the military couping elected presidents for the sake of "democratic-republican" values even though he's turned the nation into an overt or implicit Junta.
  • Divided States of America:
    • As the Civil War breaks out, the US can be divided into the Combined Syndicates of America in the Midwest, the American Union State in the South, the Pacific States of America on the West Coast, and the federal government holding the rest.
    • The federal government can lose additional territory beyond the major civil war factions. New England can become a Canada-backed independent country or directly occupied by Canada, Hawaii can go independent, Alaska can get occupied by Canada, and Puerto Rico can join the West Indies Federation. Lastly, National Populist Mexico can invade the United States from the South, splitting off more territories.
  • From Bad to Worse: USA was already wading through seven years of Great Depression caused by the Wall Street Crash. When the German Black Monday hits, it only makes the Great Depression worse.
  • Morton's Fork: While in earlier versions of KR there is exactly one path that prevents the Second American Civil War (from Floyd Olson or Charles Curtis before him), as of KR4 0.9 there is no way to prevent the Second American Civil War. No matter who becomes the President (the three old party moderate options Floyd Olson, Alf Landon, and John Nance Garner, or the two radicals Jack Reed and Huey Long) or what they do, the Civil War will happen.
    • President Olson can negotiate with Reed, and compromise with Reed to create government organizations supervised by the SPA that would act as liaison between unions and the government. If the compromise is made, the CSA will not rebel, but the AUS will instantly rebel. If the negotiation fails, either both CSA and AUS will rise up while Olson remains in power, or MacArthur coups Olson, leading to CSA, AUS, and PSA all rebelling.
    • President Garner can try to pass an Emergency Austerity Measures bill, for which he requires votes from the Congress. Garner can launch a big meeting between all the parties on the bill, during which he can make some compromises with Long to support his Share Our Wealth Society in the bill through tax breaks, as well as making him the leader of a new Unamerican Activities Committee. If the compromise is made, the AUS will not rebel, but the CSA will rebel instead. Like Olson, failures can result in CSA and AUS both rising up or MacArthur's coup.
    • President Landon cannot accommodate either Reed or Long, leading to both the CSA and AUS rebelling (and one path also allows MacArthur to coup Landon). However, his route weakens both of them, possibly allowing for an easier Federal victory.
    • Alternatively, President Olson, Garner, or Landon can adopt hardline positions against the radicals, launching police crackdowns on both the Socialist Party of America and the America First Party. The crackdowns eventually turns bloody, with strikers and Minutemen clashing with the police, National Guard, and each other. With chaos breaking out, J. Edgar Hoover, director of the FBI, proposes to the President to assassinate Long or Reed (the FBI only has enough time to enact one of them), which will collapse their faction. Several things can happen from here:
      • Reed or Long is assassinated. Their side collapses and does not rise up. However, the surviving radical leader accuses the federal government of being murderers and rebels soon after. The public (rightfully) believes that the government is behind the murder, and the federal government starts the civil war with massive debuffs, which can possibly cause them to lose the war.
      • The assassination attempt on either leader fails, and the plan is exposed to the public. Reed and Long both condemn the federal government and rebel.
      • No assassination is attempted. Reed and Long both rebel, citing the violence perpetrated by the government.
    • President Reed and President Long both have two choices of actions: they can either start pushing out drastic reforms, or crack down on the other side. In either case, the President becomes increasingly dictatorial with their abuse of presidential Executive Orders, and MacArthur eventually coups them, starting the USA-CSA-AUS-PSA standoff.
    • No matter who the President is, if they do nothing to address the crisis for too long, MacArthur will coup the President to impose order, leading to the USA-CSA-AUS-PSA standoff.
  • Multiple Endings: Aside from the obvious matter of the Second American Civil War, the United States and its various successor states, when taken together, is one of the relatively few countries able to potentially wind up following any of the ten ideologies present in the mod and join any major faction. America only lacks a monarchist option given the nation's extreme republican leanings, but otherwise has every form of republican government possible.
  • Oppressive States of America:
    • If MacArthur comes to power, it usually doesn't mean well for the American Constitution and human rights track. The situation only gets worse if MacArthur refuses to step down after the war and maintains military dictatorship, marking the end of American democracy.
    • From Syndicalist and Firster point of view, the US is this by default. Syndicalists believe that the American state is a tool in the hands of bourgeoisie, intended to protect their interests from exploited and impoverished workers, while Firsters believe that America is operated by the minority of elites who pursue only their interests and don't care a jackstraw about the common American people.
  • Plot-Triggering Death: The second civil war can start with the death of either Long or Reed via assasination with the survivor rising up. And as an interesting twist on this trope, the death of a united America enables certain plots for Latin America once America is distracted.
  • Suddenly Significant City: If MacArthur comes to power, he moves capital to Denver in order to ensure safety of the central government.

Herbert Hoover

President of the United States since 1929, Hoover had cemented himself as one of the most hated man in America. Initially elected on a platform to promote economic growth through public-private cooperation, the onset of the Great Depression and Hoover's opposition to government economic relief efforts led to widespread outrage and unrest, only worsened by his reelection in 1932 through the House of Representatives. By 1936, just about everything had gone wrong for Hoover; attempts to recover the economy had failed, and attempts to mend the nations' divides had only made them worse. Hoover is definitely not seeking for a third term, as even his own party had abandoned him.

  • 0% Approval Rating: Absolutely no one in US politics likes Hoover anymore, not even his own party.
  • Deal with the Devil: Prior to KR4 0.8, because of the dire political situation, Hoover can suspend the future elections and invite the military led by MacArthur to ensure safety in the country. This step not only guarantees the Civil War (though it's hard to prevent it anyway), but also can lead to some unpleasant consequences if MacArthur decides to keep his emergency powers after the Civil War.
  • Head-in-the-Sand Management: Hoover's opposition to government economic relief causes America to completely fail at recovering from the Wall Street Crash, leading to the rise of the Socialist Party of America and the America First Party, and the national division that ensues.
  • In Spite of a Nail: Like in OTL, Hoover is elected as the President in the 1928 elections, and, besides Harry Truman, he is the only real life president who became or can become the president in KR after Wilson. His victory in the 1932 elections, however, is original to the KR world.

Douglas MacArthur
MacArthur as a military leader
MacArthur as a civilian President 
Talk of imminent threat to our national security through the application of external force is pure nonsense...

The chief of staff and representative of the American military under President Hoover, General MacArthur desires nothing more than to preserve the order of the American society and prevent radicals from corrupting the country. MacArthur does not fully believe in ability of the civilian government to preserve order in a crisis that America is facing today. Should MacArthur believe that the President had failed the country, few can stop him from marching into Washington and installing himself as the emergency head of state, fully prepared to bring order to a nation in chaos by force.

  • Allohistorical Allusion: MacArthur's assumption of power in the event that Reed is elected closely mirrors Augusto Pinochet's coup - amid fears that a democratically elected socialist president is overstepping legal bounds, a high-ranking general forcibly removes them from office and promptly goes much further in defying the rule of law than his democratically elected predecessor ever did.
  • Cincinnatus: One of the possible outcomes of his dictatorial rule over the federal US after the Civil War, bearing the name of this trope, is to give up his emergency powers completely in favor of the civilian government and let happen fair democratic elections.
  • Emergency Authority: As the result of military coup, MacArthur gets his emergency powers in order to crush the Syndicalist and Firster insurgencies.
  • The Last DJ: Prior to 0.8, if Reed or Long are elected and try to strong-arm their reforms through with the military, MacArthur will utterly refuse to cooperate, inevitably leading directly to the Second Civil War. In particular, Reed can try to have MacArthur arrested, only for MacArthur to preempt him with a march on Washington to depose Reed, and when MacArthur refuses to follow Long's orders, Long declares America a dead nation and declares the American Union State in the Deep South, after which MacArthur fills the power vacuum left by Long and his entire cabinet leaving.
  • Military Coup: Leads one against Reed or Long if they get elected to office, or against Garner, Landon, or Olson if they don't take action to deal with Reed and Long, kickstarting the Second American Civil War and resulting in the secession of the Pacific States.
  • Nice Job Breaking It, Hero!:
    • MacArthur's coup always results in a four-way civil war between USA, CSA, AUS, and PSA, resulting in what is arguably the worst-case scenario for the USA.
    • Even if MacArthur becomes the American Cincinnatus and restores the civilian government after the civil war, the precedent set by his coup would do nigh-irreparable damage to American democracy and the relationship between the government, the people, and the military.
  • Police State: Imposes martial law throughout the entire country to deal with the threat from the far-right and the far-left in America.
  • Politically Incorrect Hero: Whether if MacArthur is a hero or villain is up to player's interpretation, but if he remains President after the Civil War, he will begin firing government workers on suspicion of them being homosexual in a "Lavender scare."
  • President for Life: After the Civil War, he can establish himself as the autocratic ruler of the US without any intention to leave the White House.
  • Red Baron: The American Caesar or The American Cincinnatus, depedending on his decisions after winning the civil war.
  • State Sec: Can turn the FBI into one through the COINTELPRO program directed to keep order throughout America, suppressing far-left and far-right activities whenever it's possible.
  • To Be Lawful or Good: Utterly committed to preserving American values and way of life from all enemies foreign and domestic, even if he has to run roughshod over the laws (up to and including the Constitution and the Bill of Rights) to do it. Of course, in this scenario, "good" is in the eye of the beholder...
  • Tyrant Takes the Helm: MacArthur can step in and install a military junta and declare martial law after the 1936 elections, if either radical Presidents are elected or if the moderate President bungles up their attempts to address the national crisis. It's possible for him to restore civilian rule after the civil war, but it's at least as likely that he'll declare himself President for Life and maintain the military junta indefinitely.
  • Well-Intentioned Extremist: He acquires the dictatorial power with the purpose of the maintaining the integrity of America and saving it from the dangers of radicalism, eradicating domestic and foreign threat where an ordinary civilian government is helpless. That's, of course, if he ever intends to cede his power after the war...

Floyd Olson

Floyd Olson is the Senator for Minnesota, and a Progressive Party member. If the Republicans and Democrats form a coalition party, the National Unity Party, and preserve the coalition, the Progressives will join the coalition and Olson will become their Presidential candidate. Olson intends to address the divisions within the United States by offering the radical leaders a chance to negotiate.

  • No Party Given: Not quite. By 1936, Olson isn't affiliated with any major party, which makes him a decent candidate for a nonpartisan unifying figure for the Democrats and Republicans against the threat of radicals... but he does have a party affiliation mentioned: the Progressive Party, who just aren't a major party in 1936note .
  • Reasonable Authority Figure: Olson tries to listen to other sides and seeks to make compromise with his rivals to improve America's situation and try to prevent the bloody Civil War.
  • Spared By Adaptation: In real life, Olson died of stomach cancer in 1936.
  • Suspiciously Similar Substitute: Before the path is removed, Olson served as a replacement for Curtis as the negotiator President who can avert the Second American Civil War.

John Nance Garner

The Democratic Party's candidate in the 1936 elections, John Nance Garner had sworn to refuse to cave into radicalist demands, and intends to address the Great Depression through austerity measures.

  • Awesome Mc Coolname: His real life nickname was Cactus Jack.
  • Irony: Garner in real life strongly opposed to Roosevelt's third term on principle. In KR, he is one of the few potential American presidents who can run for the third term.
  • Realpolitik: Unlike Olson, whose compromise with Reed is more driven by his beliefs, Garner's compromise with Long is more of him taking advantage of an opportunity that Long presented.

Alf Landon

The Republican Party's candidate in the 1936 elections, Alf Landon intends to address the Great Depression through government bailout of big corporations.

Charles Curtis

The current Vice-President under Hoover's administration.

  • Demoted to Extra: Before KR4 0.8, Charles Curtis was a Republican candidate in 1936 elections and the instrumental figure in preventing the American Civil War. After the update, Curtis gave way to Alf Landon as a Republican presidential candidate and to Floyd Olson as a candidate who can prevent the Civil War.

Quentin Roosevelt

The youngest and most beloved son of former President Theodore Roosevelt, Quentin Roosevelt decided to follow his father's footsteps in politics and became a popular Republican politician. Given the current situation in America, it's likely that he will also inherit his father's progressive political views.

  • Ascended Extra: Quentin before the release of KR4 didn't appear in the mod at all, but was mentioned in KR wiki. After KR4, he became a potential US president.
  • Like Father, Like Son: Like his father, Theodore Roosevelt, he's a progressive Republican with military history.
  • Retcon: Quentin initially was absent from the mod, albeit the older wiki said that he was an America First sympathizer. In newer versions, Quentin became a progressive Republican and Floyd Olson's running mate.
  • Spared by the Adaptation: Since the United States never joined the Weltkrieg, Quentin wasn't killed in action and instead survived to go into politics like his father and cousin (though Franklin has suffered Death by Adaptation, succumbing to polio in 1921).

Franklin D. Roosevelt

A rising politican of the Democratic Party who served as a Secretary of Navy during Wilson's presidency, Franklin Delano Roosevelt abruptly died in 1921 after he contacted polio and succumbed to his disease. One can wonder what would be his place in the American history if it wasn't for his premature death...

  • All There in the Manual: FDR's fate is not mentioned in-game and can only be found by looking up the Kaiserreich timeline.
  • Death by Adaptation: FDR died of polio in 1921, and without him, the American political situation has gotten much worse as it has wallowed through four more years of The Great Depression without relief in the form of the New Deal.
  • Demoted to Extra: Due to his death in 1921, FDR has become little more than a historical footnote, only even mentioned in a single sentence of the official 1917-1936 timeline.
  • For Want of a Nail: The German victory in the Weltkrieg somehow affects his polio, making it fatal.
    • This makes even less sense if you look into it. Besides the fact that it's now believed that he got something other than polio, he most likely would have been healthier due to the US not entering the war, since he would have been less likely to contract the Spanish Flunote .
  • Retcon: In older lore, Roosevelt was assassinated in 1935, but his death was later moved to a earlier date.

    Combined Syndicates of America 

Combined Syndicates of America
Solidarity Forever!
Flag of the Republic of America (Radical Socialist) 
Flag of the Commonwealth of America (Syndicalist) 
Flag of the Union of Socialist American States (Totalist) 

President Hoover's laissez-faire approach to economic relief in the aftermath of the Wall Street Crash of 1925 may have been well intentioned, but it won him few friends among the working classes of the Midwest and the Mid-Atlantic states, where the shock waves from the collapse of the American economy were particularly brutal. Already a bastion of progressive and socialist support, America's "Steel Belt" has become increasingly radicalized as workers lose faith in the Washington consensus and the democratic process in general. As a result, several socialist labor unions and political organizations have come together to join the Socialist Party of America, with the Industrial Workers of the World forming the core of the new entity, the ultimate expression of the dream of "One Big Union" uniting to oppose capitalist oppression. Noted journalist John "Jack" Reed, the popular face of the Syndicalist movement in America, is poised to take the reins as the Syndicates' leadership makes way for the next generation.

  • Chummy Commies:
    • At least as their proclamations go, Federalists and Unionists are actually trying to build a democratic America with worker's control of economy and racial and sexual equality. Centralists led by Browder and Foster, however, are another issue altogether.
    • There is also that many in the CSA — including Reed himself — are willing to compromise, only gaining some or partial agreement of their demands in fair negotiations with a capitalist president and still de-escalating if the situation doesn't turn chaotic for other reasons. It is just that only Olson can pull that off (Landon doesn't have a broad enough coalition behind him to negotiate with as much strength and lacks Olson's progressive credentialsnote , Long doesn't want to negotiate, and Garner has both Landon and Long's issues).
  • Became Their Own Antithesis: As per Day OF The Jackboot and Full-Circle Revolution, Foster and Browder threatening the power of the common worker via insane social reforms or a command economy defeats the purpose of the CSA's reasons for revolt.
  • Day of the Jackboot: Mirroring the aftermath of the Russian Civil War in the OTL, the Totalists can proclaim a dictatorship under Foster or Browder.
  • Deadly Euphemism: If Foster or Browder comes to power, an event can fire where the followers of the other leader in the Congress are noted to have gone missing. The official reason for the disappearance is "taking a vacation".
  • Dirty Commies: William Z. Foster and Earl Browder, Totalist options for the CSA. Earl Browder is the classical government-controls-everything Stalinist Totalist leader, while Foster is more economically free, but socially insane, and wants to implement government child labor programs and legalize suicidenote .
  • Divided States of America: They take most of the Mid-West and pars of the Mid Atlantic as well. In game, the Radical Socialist calls for autonomy are accused as promoting this by the Syndicalist and Totalist factions.
  • Evil vs. Evil: Browder and Foster are both evil totalists, but they're also bitter rivals. If one comes to power, the other will vocally protest against the person in power. Naturally, this is followed by the person in power purging the other leader and their associates from the government.
  • Fantastic Ship Prefix: The CSA's navy uses the prefix PLN, almost certainly standing for "People's Liberation Navy"
  • Full-Circle Revolution:
    • If the player takes the Totalist path for the economy and government (especially Browder's path), then the rights of the Syndicalist workers will go to squat and they'll find themselves on square one.
    • In a Downplayed example, most of the In-Universe critics of the Federalist path (from the Unionists and Centralists, for different reasons) claim that said government is almost EXACTLY like the USA that they just finished overthrowing. However, it may also count as a Subversion, as, while the Federalist government is very similar in design to the USA's government with a limited, but moderately powerful executive and legislature based on geographic representation by way of the existing states rather than labor union representation and a government based on checks and balances between branches with clearly separated powers and an economy that maintains market principles, it is able to pass widespread worker's rights laws, institute an economy wherein most or all businesses are restructured as worker's co-ops (thereby bringing about workplace democracy and worker-ownership of their workplaces), as well as progressive racial and national policies, ensuring the stated goals of the revolution are met.
  • It's Personal: After an update included expanded biographies for the CSA's generals, it's clear that quite a few of them are siding with the CSA to get back at the bigotry they had to endure in America, such as anti-black racism or anti-semetism.
  • Kangaroo Court: Totalist CSA will hold show trials for "reactionaries", sentencing many of them to death.
  • Multinational Team: Far more so than the other sides in the Second American Civil War, the CSA receives foreign aid, with most other existing Syndicalist nations sending equipment and volunteers, both as free divisions for the CSA, and as foreign military forces fighting on the same side as the CSA.
  • Oppressive States of America: What the Totalists can create, albeit not to the extent of Totalists in Britain for example.
  • The Purge: Regardless of who comes to power, the final focus tree for totalist CSA is "Purge Reactionaries," and there are also tons of events in USAS where the leader purges their unfortunate enemies. Browder is generally more purge-happy than Foster however, and gets a few more events where he purges the party newspaper, Father Divine's International Peace Mission movement, and other people who he consider to be reactionaries.
  • Removing the Rival: Both Foster and Browder will attempt to purge the other after they come to power, by either sentencing the other to death in a Kangaroo Court, or assassinating them with the newly-founded CIA after they went into exile.
  • Revolving Door Revolution: Putting the Totalists in power may lead to yet another revolution, as Smedley Butler may take a page from Douglas MacArthur (who may well have kicked off the previous revolution by staging a coup against Jack Reed) and stage a coup against Browder or Foster.
  • Secret Police: Totalist CSA can create the Combined Intelligence Agency, managed directly by the ruling committee, which works to root out dissidents and reactionaries. They're the ones who would assassinate the other totalist option when one comes to power.
  • Suddenly Significant City: Chicago becomes the residence of the CSA leadership and can continue to be the capital of the new American state after the Civil War.
  • Working-Class Hero: Their armies consist of well-trained and armed industrial workers (in addition to defecting soldiers).

Jack Reed

Jack Reed is a journalist and Syndicalist activist, known to friend and foe alike as the public face of the Socialist Party of America. Initially a Communist sympathizer, Reed first rose to prominence with the publication of Ten Days That Shook the World, a firsthand account of the opening stages of Russia's October Revolution. The eventual chaotic collapse of the Bolsheviks, however, disillusioned him, and the later success of France and Britain's Syndicalist movements prompted him to pin his hopes on their cause instead. In 1936, Reed is the prospective candidate for the CSA's 1936 Presidential campaign.

  • Cincinnatus: Reed steps down after the winning the Second American Civil War, saying his job here is done and that the new government should be made without his presence looming large over the proceedings, as well as that he'd like to retire to a more peaceful life with his wife.
  • Deal with the Devil: If the Second American Civil War is going poorly for the CSA and AUS, Reed and Long can set aside their mutual loathing and team up against the USA, only to immediately resume hostilities as soon as the USA has been defeated.
  • Determinator: In spite of his illness, Reed still accepts the position of the leader of the CSA and fights for the Syndicalist cause.
  • Ill Boy: Reed has seen better days and his poor health will usually claim him by mid-1940.
  • Intrepid Reporter: Before becoming leader of the Socialist Party of America, Reed gained fame as a reporter, especially for his coverage of the Russian Revolution.
  • Keystone Army: Like Long's AFP, Reed unites two factions of the Socialist Party of America, the American Federation of Labor and the Industrial Workers of the World. If the President assassinates Reed, the power struggles between AFL and IWW cripples the SPA as a whole, preventing the CSA from rising up.
  • Nice Hat: In earlier versions of KR4, Reed's portrait was taken from a photo from earlier in his life and featured him in a wide-brimmed fedora.
  • Reasonable Authority Figure: Unlike Long, Reed is willing to reach a compromise with the USA to achieve many of the Socialists' goals without bloodshed, provided that he feels that the president can be trusted (which in practice means that he can only reach such an accommodation with Floyd Olson).
  • Spared by the Adaptation: In the Kaiserreich timeline, Reed either never fell ill in Moscow or received adequate medical care while there and returned to the United States alive in 1921 after the Whites forced the Reds out of Moscow and takes the helm of the Socialist Party of America after its initial head dies a few months into the game. Downplayed in that his health deteriorates only a few years into the game and he succumbs to complications of cancer.

Smedley Butler

Marine and General Smedley Butler is the highest ranking military official to join the Socialist Party of America. Butler served as the Field Marshal for the Combined Syndicates of America during the Second American Civil War. Loyal to the cause of the CSA from start to finish, Butler despises tyrants and dictators, and would be willing to march on his leaders should they decide to corrupt the freedom of the Combined Syndicates.

  • Military Coup: Butler can only assume leadership of the CSA if either Earl Browder or William Z. Foster take the postwar nation down the path of totalist dictatorship, and they don’t trust the army. Smedley marches on the capital with his army to end the regime - ironically the same thing MacArthur, Butler's greatest opponent amongst the Federal forces in the Second American Civil War, may well have done to start the civil war in the first place.

William Z. Foster

William Zebulon Foster is a legendary American leftist who spearheaded the American syndicalist movement, and one of the two major leaders of the Vanguardists in the CSA. Foster holds radical ideals on how to rebuild America, involving mass nationalization of industries and groundbreaking societal reforms.

  • Even Evil Has Standards: Choosing not to implement Foster's batshit social reforms turns him into A Lighter Shade of Black as he just becomes an authoritarian syndicalist since his economic focus tree doesn't call for a banning of trade unions and total control.
  • Insane Troll Logic: Once in power, Foster makes an attempt to legalize suicide. His insane argument says that the ethics of a syndicalist nation must be remade to accommodate the wishes of Americans with hard lives, and how they must phase out the old traditions. Protesters and conspiracy theorists point out that it is far more likely that Foster legalized suicide because he wanted to excuse mysterious deaths and legalize murders that look like suicides.
  • Pet the Dog: Compared to Browder, Foster allows for more economic freedom and less government control over economics, maintaining the worker-centric syndicalist policies with only mild strategic nationalization and management.
  • Tyrant Takes the Helm: Once Foster takes power, he'll start removing his enemies (though not even close to the massive purges that Browder launches) and propose some truly insane social reforms. He can be talked down from implementing his insane ideas however.
  • We Used to Be Friends: Foster and Browder used to be friends during the early days of American leftism, but has since become enemies over their economic ideas. Foster believed in authoritarian syndicalism, while Browder believed in a new economic policy inspired by Bolshevism and Maximism (which ends up looking just like Stalinism).
  • Would Hurt a Child: One of Foster's events involves him trying to institute a program of government-organized child labor on farmland and ranches. He even proposes to forcibly take the children from "stubborn" worker families for their own good.

Earl Browder

The other leader of the Vanguardists, Earl Russell Browder is a committed and highly influential member of the SPA. Browder sees limits in the syndicalist movement, and believes that it cannot be applied to America. He has drafted a new economic policy based on Bolshevism and Maximism, centered around state plans, quotas, and direct control over trade unions.

  • Expy: Browder's economic policies, built entirely on centralized planned economy, state quotas, and complete government control, is a clear-cut expy to Stalin. Combined with his purge-happiness, he is a full-on Stalinist Totalist leader for the USAS. Fittingly, in real life, Browder was a committed Marxist-Leninist who toed the Soviet party line pretty much without fail.
  • Pet the Dog: Comparatively, Browder is more socially sane compared to Foster's insanity.
  • Reassigned to Antarctica: If Foster comes to power, Browder will get reassigned to the newly-created "illustrious post" of overseeing "vital" furniture and candlemaking unions in Europe, which just so happens to have poor communications with America.
  • Tyrant Takes the Helm: If Browder takes power, he'll start centralizing the economy and start purging his enemies left and right.
  • You Have Outlived Your Usefulness: The Industrial Workers of the World, the union that CSA is built upon, is unceremoniously banned after Browder comes to power to consolidate the rule of his faction.
  • We Used to Be Friends: Browder and Foster used to be friends, but has since drifted apart over their economic ideologies (though both remained authoritarian), and in the end became bitter rivals wanting to purge the other.


    American Union State 

American Union State
America First!
Flag of the Commonwealth of America (National Populist) 

Formed in reaction to both the Federal government's mismanagement of the Great Depression (which many put down to corruption and corporate cronyism) and the growing popularity of "un-American" Syndicalism in the Midwest, the America First Party promotes an eclectic mix of policies: On the one hand, they seek to purge corruption from the highest levels of government and implement a radical "Share the Wealth" program of wealth distribution; on the other hand, they vocally support traditional American values and oppose the abolition of private property unlike the Syndicalists. Part of this eclecticism is due to the movement being a big-tent organization with goals grand and general enough to attract many people who otherwise agree on little else, from high-minded idealists seeking to spread prosperity to all Americans to unsavory ethnic nationalists whose own take on the program includes restricting the rights of anyone who isn't the right race or religion. The leader, Huey Long, is known both as a man of the people and as an uncompromising fiery demagogue who will stop at nothing to see his vision become a reality.

  • Allohistorical Allusion: The leadership of Long after his triumph is very similar to the Brazilian populist president-dictator Getúlio Vargas. Thy are both authoritarian populists who allied with far-right elements against socialists and moderates in a multilateral power struggle for control of their country. Like Vargas, Long will purge the far-right as soon as their mutual enemy is defeated.
  • Became Their Own Antithesis: The ending under Moseley which brings about One Nation Under Copyright crushes Long's dream of an America free from corrupt fat cats exploiting the common man. While the two sides shared an Enemy Mine due to their American nationalism and anti syndicalism, powerful corporations have no intention of abiding by Long's share the wealth program.
  • Captain Ersatz: With Minute Men paramilitaries, corporatist policies, and the potential to put on the Reich under William Dudley Pelley, the American Union State is a dead ringer for the Windrip Administration of It Can't Happen Here.
  • Day of the Jackboot: Three versions of this happen after the AUS wins the Civil War - either Long enforces his economically and racially progressive policies... by being President for Life, and having the Minutemen crush any enemies of the state. Or Pelley establishes a democracy... that's only open to White Christians, has the economic system dominated by monopolies loyal to him, and still has the Minutemen crush any enemies of the state, while syndicalists are forced to work themselves to death in labor camps and hate crimes against blacks become part of daily life. Or a business plot, led by general George Van Horn Moseley and his corporate allies, take over to restore the republic... by empowering the FBI to be even stronger than the Minutemen, having corporate leaders control the government AND armed forces, and creating a new, fiercely nationalist culture through youth programs and mass media
  • Deep South: Subverted. While the popularity of America First Party's relies mostly in the South, the American Union State is intended to be the unitary state which includes the entire territory of the US, contrary to the separatist sentiment of their Southern predecessors. Similarly, Long's faction promotes (relatively) racially progressive policies, which would be unusual for Southern politicians during 30s.
  • Downer Ending: While most factions are treated by the game in morally grey terms, the game seems to make it much more clear that allowing Pelley in power is a horrible conclusion to the Second American Civil War.
  • Enemy Mine: Both in real life and in the mod, Huey hates the KKK and large corporations, and they hate Huey in return. The only thing keeping them united is the fact that they hate syndicalism even more, and are all extremely patriotic.
  • Hereditary Republic: If Huey remains in power, after he dies, the Presidency transitions directly to his brother Earl Long.
  • Ironic Name: The American secessionist state in the South during the American Civil War is called the American Union State. For added irony, their main rival is the Combined Syndicates of America.
  • Irony: Since the first American Civil War, the Southern nationalists were strong advocates of states' rights. Here, the state based in the South is a unitary state.
  • The Klan: Unsurprisingly, the Klan itself aligned with the America First and a major militant force under Pelley's banner that will try to take over after the civil war is over. However, if Long (who historically despised KKK) consolidates power after the Civil War, the Klan gets purged, alongside with the rest of Pelley's wing of the AFP.
  • Mega-Corp: Corporatists, if Huey Long makes an alliance with, can assemble huge political influence in the AUS after the Civil War, in spite of Huey Long's populist rhetoric. Their cooperation on based on mutual hatred for syndicalism, love of patriotism, and a supposed willingness of said corporations to abide by Long's reforms. Pelley, meanwhile, opens the floodgates to unrestrained corporate power and if Moseley and his allies take over becomes One Nation Under Copyright.
  • Oppressive States of America: Out of all factions in the American Civil War, it's the easiest for the AUS to become this, since they already start as the dictatorship (albeit Long's dictatorship can be viewed as quite benevolent, though it's all depending on your point of view). It gets even worse if Pelley gets in power, as he wants to create a white supremacist heaven, with blacks and other non-Whites to be completely segregated and isolated from the American society with Christianity as the enforced state religion.
  • Patriotic Fervor: The AUS, throughout all possible leader paths, strongly encourages citizens to be patriotic about their country and proud of their American heritage. In particular, the AUS are very fond of the Founding Fathers and the ideals of 1776.
  • Revolving Door Revolution: Huey Long's America First Party leads a distributist revolution against the corrupt federal United States government. After Long's victory, Long may find himself being deposed by Pelley or Moseley, who seizes power for the Silver Legion or the War Powers Committee (Business Plot) respectively. If the Silver Legion fails to hold on to power, then the AFP and the Business Plot remnants will band together under Charles Lindbergh and depose the Silver Legion and install the War Powers Committee into power.
  • Secret Police: One of Pelley's focuses organizes a group of Klansmen into a "Secret Service", which work undercover to eliminate rebels.
  • Shout-Out: The Business Plot ends with the quote "I love the Republic, I hate Democracy.", referencing Emperor Palpatine's "I love democracy" quote.
  • State Sec: For each of three paths, you have different flavors of it, be it the Minutemen (Long), FBI (Moseley) or the Silver Legion (Pelley), who ensure the new American order at the expense of some civil liberties.
  • Suddenly Significant City: New Orleans becomes the capital of the American Union State during the Civil War. It can become a permanent capital after the Civil War instead of Washington, D.C.
  • Take a Third Option: Long's Populist economics are essentially one to the conflict between Syndicalism and Classical Capitalism. Ironically, it's implied they would have been enough to placate the Syndicalist if he didn't scare the worker unions with his authoritarianism and vehement anti-leftist rhetoric. With patch 0.7, there is now a third option between Huey and Pelley, a group of industrialists like Henry Ford and Fred Koch and their allies. They occupy the middle ground between the two, with FBI becoming a more powerful version of the Minutemen, a very nationalistic rhetoric, and corporate control over the government and armed forces.
  • We ARE Struggling Together: While everyone under the AUS banner is loosely united behind Long's "Share Our Wealth" program, there are two distinct wings to the coalition: A progressive, egalitarian wing that wants to improve the lot of all Americans regardless of race, color, or creed, and a reactionary, ethno-nationalist wing that would limit the benefits to whites only and restrict minorities to second-class citizenship at best. Only Long's own charisma is enough to keep the two wings from petty infighting, and his public statements on the matter leave it ambiguous as to where his own personal sentiments lie.
  • You Have Outlived Your Usefulness: Long's assassination allows corporations or Pelley's white supremacists to exercise as much power as possible without syndicalist threats or Long's populist reforms.

Huey Long

A former Democratic senator, known for his populist rhetoric and his dictatorial tendencies as the governor of Louisiana, Huey Long is the founder and presidential candidate from the America First Party, an alliance of loosely aligned far-right elements of the US. Seeking to promote his Share our Wealth program and to nip in the bud Syndicalism in America, Long doesn't disdain any means to achieve his ambitions and goals and it's unlikely that he'll continue to play within the traditional democratic system if elected, and he definitely won't come up to terms with the new government if he isn't...

  • Assassin Outclassin': Huey Long can survive as many as three assassination attempts. First, before the game begins, Huey Long survives his historical assassination. Second, President Olson, Garner, or Landon can have Long assassinated, but this too can fail (the success or failure is determined by random chance — and it can only succeed if the USA is player-run). Third, if the AUS wins the Second American Civil War, Pelley will attempt to have Long assassinated so that he can seize power, and this too can fail (success is determined by the AUS player).
  • Catchphrase: Many of Long's slogans and programs double as catchphrases, prominently "Share the wealth" and "Every man a king, but no one wears a crown", often shortened simply to "Every man a king".
  • Deal with the Devil:
    • First, Huey can form political alliances of necessity with racists he holds little common ideological ground with, such as William Dudley Pelley, as well as Henry Ford and other corporations that hate syndicalism and espouse extreme nationalism. If he isn't cautious enough, this can easily backfire on him.
    • Second, if the Second American Civil War is going poorly for both him and the Combined Syndicates, they can form an Enemy Mine alliance against the United States despite his mutual loathing with Jack Reed, only to resume fighting each other as soon as the United States capitulates.
  • Defector from Decadence:
    • In the backstory, Long left the Democratic Party after he was denied nomination in the 1932 presidential elections and because of his disappointment with the state of the party.
    • If elected, Long finds himself unable to promote his agenda within the federal government and, as such, declares the US a dead nation and announces the creation of the American Union State.
  • Democracy Is Bad: Absolutely disregards democratic institutions and believes that his dictatorship is justified if he does the right thing for the common people. Huey Long has often been described as a social democrat... without the democrat part.
  • Emergency Authority: As president of the USA, Long will try to claim emergency authority and suspend the Constitution to put down the syndicalist strikes. This ultimately fails when MacArthur launches his own coup in response, causing Long to wash his hands of the Federal system entirely.
  • The Horseshoe Effect: Despite being vociferously opposed to syndicalism, Long promotes extremely distributist policies, which fall well to the left of the prevailing economic policies of the time. Because of that, he is often accused of being a Syndie himself.
  • Keystone Army: The America First Party is a loose coalition of widely-divergent interests all united by the personal charisma of Huey Long. As such, if the President has Long assassinated, the AFP dissolves, preventing the AUS from rising up.
  • The Moral Substitute: Believes that his distributist policies is the only possible alternative to the Syndicalist rule.
    Huey Long: My Share Our Wealth program is the only defense this country’s got against Syndicalism.
  • Nepotism: Much as in Real Life, Long can and does appoint family members to high offices in the AUS.
  • Nice Job Breaking It, Hero!: Despite his good intentions, Huey Long's dictatorial tendencies and his collaboration with far-right anti-Syndicalist elements can come back to bite him and all of America. Pelley and the Business Plot highlight a dangerous weakness in the AUS's dictatorship: Namely, that when someone without Huey Long's benevolence gets the all powers Long accrued, things start going bad very quickly.
  • President for Life: In the American Union State, Long rules for life, even if lower offices face election.
  • Red Baron: Long is still known by his historical nickname "the Kingfish".
  • Screw the Rules, I'm Doing What's Right!: Long's philosophy on governance is that the rules are more or less guidelines and he refuses to let them get in the way of his populist progressive agenda, though it becomes more like Screw the Rules, I Make Them! once the American Union State is formed.
  • Screw This, I'm Outta Here!: Prior to patch 0.8, if elected president, Long would tire of the partisan gridlock and various rules of the federal government preventing him from enacting his agenda and suppressing the Combined Syndicates, and declare the United States to be dead and found a new American Union State in the south, while MacArthur assumes the now-vacant position of POTUS. Post 0.8, MacArthur stages a coup against him, just like he does to Jack Reed.
  • Spared by the Adaptation: In Kaiserreich, one of Huey's bodyguards successfully took the bullet that ended his life in Real Life in 1935. Downplayed in that Long can still be assassinated in 1937 by the President, or after the Second American Civil War at the hands of William Dudley Pelley and his goons, or he may be "disappeared" by General Moseley at the behest of several powerful businessmen.
  • You Have Outlived Your Usefulness:
    • After the Second American Civil War is concluded, Pelley will try to have Long assassinated so that he can seize power. Whether Pelley's plot succeeds is up to the player, provided, of course, that they are playing as the AUS.
    • If corporate interests gain too much influence, they may also decide that Huey has outlived his usefulness and launch the Business Plot.

George Van Horn Moseley

An experienced General in the United States Army, Moseley had a long and strong history of service ranging from Philippines to Washington. While his portfolio is stellar, his personality is more muddy; Moseley had adamantly believed in a Jewish socialist conspiracy threatening to destroy America. This made him support Huey Long's cause in the Second American Civil War, but Moseley did not stop there. The War Powers Committee, a committee of business leaders supporting Long's war effort, had chosen Moseley to serve as their spokesman. While loyal to Long now, the Committee's true goals might run deeper than Long himself, and Moseley's own loyalties are also suspect.

  • Allohistorical Allusion: The Business Plot in which Moseley assumes (nominal) power was actually a (allegedly) real plot where many right-leaning business owners plotted to have FDR removed from office in a Military Coup that would install a more business-friendly far-right government. However, in the real alleged plot (evidence as to the actual existence of the plot is spotty), the businessmen tapped General Smedley Butler as their chosen war hero/puppet ruler, apparently unaware of his shift to the political left after having a My God, What Have I Done? realization about his actions overthrowing governments throughout Latin America, and Butler promptly revealed the plot to Congress.
  • Democracy Is Bad: Under Moseley, America stays as a Republic, but a Republic without Democracy (akin to the The Roman Republic), ruled not by masses but by a group of captains of industry.
  • Evil Counterpart: Can be seen as this to Butler and his coup given that the game makes it clear that Butler's coup is designed to save Syndie America from Totalist tyranny whereas Moseley acts as a puppet to despotic corporations. In fact, his coup is noted to be similar to the Buisness Plot Butler was asked to lead in Real Life as per Allohistorical Allusion above.
  • One Nation Under Copyright: Business Plot's America becomes a nation ruled by a group of business owners, like Ford and Koch.
  • Just the First Citizen: Moseley is technically the "interim president" following the "disappearance" of Huey Long. Once he dies and Lindbergh takes over, Lindbergh officially becomes the 33rd President of the United States, though that doesn't mean much since the War Powers Committee hold all the real power anyways.
  • Politically Incorrect Villain: Just like in real life, he is virulently anti-Semitic. He also supported the admission of refugees fleeing Nazi Germany... so long as they were sterilized before embarking. In the mod, Moseley can introduce new Alien and Sedition Acts against immigrants.
  • President for Life: While Huey already downplays American democracy for the President's position, the Business Plot does away with democracy completely. Moseley rules completely unchallenged, though as merely a figurehead for the War Powers Committee who hold the actual power, with successor Presidents being designated by them after Moseley dies.
  • Puppet King: While Moseley is a Chairman of the War Powers Committee and Commander-in-Chief of the nation after Long's "disappearance", he is a little more than a figurehead for the committee.

William Dudley Pelley

William Dudley Pelley is the leader of the Silver Legion, the far-right National Populist faction of the America First Party. Pelley is known for his support of racialism and Christian fundamentalism. While he aligns himself with Long, he believes him to be too soft on racial and religious issues. Both men can tolerate their disagreements at the moment, as they have the common enemies to deal with, it's only a matter of time when Pelley will turn on Long if the ultimate victory is achieved.

  • Allohistorical Allusion:
    • The event of Pelley performing his coup d'etat and killing Long is known as "Night of the Long Knives", named after Adolf Hitler's purge of the Sturmabteilung to consolidate power.
    • Many elements of Pelley's Commonwealth of America mirror that of Apartheid-era South Africa:
      • Pelley's expansion of the Indian Reservation system to create autonomous "African-American Reservations" mirrors the Bantustan system in Apartheid South Africa.
      • The Silver Legion creates an internal passport system for blacks to restrict their movement, mirroring the real Pass laws in South Africa.
      • Pelley's quote about the Black Education Act is taken word-for-word from apartheid architect Hendrik Verwoerd's quote on the Bantu Education Act, with "Bantu" replaced with "Negroes" and "European" replaced with "Anglo-Saxon".
  • The Coup: If Long collaborates with Pelley and does not pass the Veterans bill, Pelley will coup Long with his Silver Legion with support from former Long supporters who left him after he vetoed the Veterans bill. Pelley's men seizes Long in his mansion, holds a mock trial claiming that he's trying to bring syndicalism into America, and executes him. Pelley then seizes the Congress and becomes the new head of state.
  • Democracy Is Flawed: In contrast to Long, he does not oppose democracy in general... but seeks to completely limit it to whites only.
  • Evil Counterpart:
    • As one AAR notes, Pelley is basically the White Nationalist equivalent of Jack Reed. Both were respected journalists sent to cover the Russian Civil War who eventually radicalized and came to admire one of the Belligerents. The only difference is that in Reed's case it was the Reds while in Pelley's case it was the Whites.
    • The game itself positions him at least superficially as an evil counterpart to the Syndicalist route for the CSA, with both renaming America to the Commonwealth of America.
  • The Fundamentalist: Pelley wants put end to the secular government of the old United States and establish the Christian Commonwealth of America, where the religion and the state act as organic whole.
  • Historical In-Joke: With regards to the Black Belt Act event (creating African-American "reservations"), one of the player's options is "Autonomy Now, Autonomy Forever", which is a reference to a quote from pro-segregationist politician George Wallace's 1963 Inaugural Address, "segregation now... segregation forever". "Segregation Forever" is also the name of one of Pelley's focuses.
  • Historical Villain Upgrade: In Real Life, Pelley was a Christian occultist and later, under the influence of Hitler and the Nazi ideology, a founder of a small fascist organisation. In KR, he becomes a leader of the white supremacist faction in the America First Party and rivals in influence only to Long himself.
  • Irony: In spite of his racist views and the Klan sympathies, Pelley's focus tree starts with the focus named "Mine Eyes Have Seen the Glory", which is named after lyrics from Battle Hymn of the Republic, a Union song from the American Civil War. Amusingly enough, it was a favorite song of Pelley in real life.
  • Just the First Citizen: Pelley renames his title to "Chief" once he comes to power.
  • Klingon Promotion: Pelley can seize power in the AUS if he carries out the assassination of Long.
  • Kick the Dog: Pelley's education acts refocuses American education towards the Christian Identity, as befitting his Christian fundamentalist beliefs. However, his final education act, the Black Education Act, goes out of its way to rework African-American education to focus on labor education, distancing them away from even Christian educations. Pelley's speech announcing the law states that the does not believe that African-Americans are fit for anything in the society beyond labors, so their children are not worth any further education.
  • Knight Templar: Pelley has a black-and-white view on the future prosperity of the American state.
  • Mask of Sanity: An event under Pelley mentions that his insane spiritualist side is pretty well-hidden to the public, but Pelley is feeling pretty eager to share his deeper thoughts. The government can choose to publicly reveal his completely bonkers spiritualist side or keep it hidden.
  • A Nazi by Any Other Name: He's a dominionist, a white supremacist, and the leader of the National Populist faction of the America First Party. Along with Codreanu in Romania, Pelley is generally considered to have one of the most horrific, dystopian, and virulently racist and antisemitic states in the entire setting.
  • Pet the Dog: In comparison with Long, he somewhat supports democracy, even though he wants to restrict the rights to vote only for White Christians, and seeks to provide welfare for the loyal whites.
  • Poke the Poodle: One of the more petty things Pelley does is to "prove" that presidential candidate Warren G. Harding (who was not elected in KR timeline) has an African American father and therefore complicit in an African conspiracy. In reality, Harding's father, George Tryon Harding, is very clearly a white man. The rumor of African ancestry was in reality created by one of his political opponents, which only claimed that his great-grandmother was African, and was also completely false.
  • Politically Incorrect Villain: Pelley is a massive racist and white supremacist. The things he can do through his focuses and events include passing nation-wide Jim Crow laws, expanding black criminalization and penal labor to bring back slavery, expanding racial segregation for every aspect of life, and expanding the Indian Reservations to create African-American zones, creating an American version of the South African Apartheid.
  • Slavery Is a Special Kind of Evil: Pelley and his Congress brings back black slavery by expanding the scale of penal labor in the Penal Act and by reviving the Black Codes to criminalize African-Americans attempting to vote.
  • The Starscream: Launches a coup against Long to take power if the AUS wins the Civil War.
  • Tyrant Takes the Helm: Pelley is perhaps the worst person who can take power in America, becoming President for Life who makes the KKK an active part of the new government, makes Protestant Christianity the state religion, creates forced labor camps for anyone who opposes the regime (branded as syndicalists), expands penal labor into a new form of black slavery, and essentially creates American Apartheid.
  • You Have Outlived Your Usefulness: After the Civil War ends, there is a little reason for Long to continue collaboration with Pelley and his right-wing associates and he launches a crackdown on them if Long's faction wins the in post-ACW power struggle.
  • Withholding the Cure: Under Pelley, vaccine conspiracy theories were rampant, with many believing that it is a Syndicalist plot to destroy America. As a result, vaccine researches were stopped, and one year's summer heat brings the largest Polio outbreak in America, leaving many Americans forever crippled.

Earl Kemp Long

Brother to Huey Long, and also a politician. After his brother's ascension to the President of the United States, Earl became the Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana, and later Vice President, and is the designated successor to Huey when Huey dies. Long living in his brother's shadow, Earl supports many of the same progressive reformist policies as Huey.

  • Nepotism: The American Union State under Huey Long favors Earl, making him immune from prosecution and promoting him to very high positions (though Earl himself is at least somewhat competent in spite of his corruption). When a violent incident occurs where a group of protestors were allegedly shot by Earl during their protest to remove Earl for mismanaging income redistribution, Huey can cover the whole thing up completely.

Charles Lindbergh

The young Charles Lindbergh was a famous American aviator who made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927. Associated with the AFP since 1932, Lindbergh was chosen by the War Powers Committee as a successor to George Van Horn Moseley.

  • A Lighter Shade of Black: In one Pelley path, Pelley's control over the country wanes and he is eventually ousted from power by the AFP who rallies around Lindbergh and the Business Plot. While the Business Plot are definitely not good guys, they're definitely less god-awful than Pelley and his Silver Legion.
  • Allohistorical Allusion: The route where he ushers the Business Plot when ousting Pelley's extremist regime resembles a successful July 20 Plot, where otherwise Ultra-Right Wehrmacht officers and German nobles attempted to assassinate Hitler in order to save their own skin via a less overt hierarchal militaristic regime.
  • Meet the New Boss: Aside from the unique path where Lindbergh deposes Pelley, Lindbergh otherwise comes to power by succeeding Moseley after his death after the Business Plot takes power. Lindbergh continues the same racialist policies as Moseley and doesn't change a thing for the Business Plot America.

Gerald L. K. Smith

Former clergyman and supporter of Huey Long's Share Our Wealth movement, Smith joined the Silver Legion in 1937 and is an important figure of the Legion under William Dudley Pelley.

  • The Dragon: Smith serves under Pelley in the Silver Legion regime as the Vice Chief, and helps to cover up Pelley's mad public outbursts.
  • Historical In-Joke: Smith was the founder of the actual America First Party, and wanted to run for the President for the IRL AFP.
  • Meet the New Boss: Smith is the successor to Pelley after Pelley's death, and continues on with the Silver Legion regime.
  • Sinister Minister: Gerald Smith is a clergyman and the successor to Pelley as the Chief of the Silver Legion regime.

    Pacific States of America 

Pacific States of America

MacArthur's coup came as a shock to the leaders of the west coast. The governors of California, Oregon, and Washington denounced MacArthur, Reed, and Long to all be tyrants and traitors, and declared themselves to be the rightful American government. As the rest of America begins to spiral into its Civil War, a provisional government is established in the Pacific States, attracting political leaders who do not wish to fight for either MacArthur, Reed, or Long. The Pacific States of America, as others would call it, sees itself as the true United States of America, the Last Bastion of American Democracy, and they would fight to protect that democracy.

  • Anti-Mutiny: The entire reason the Pacific States of America break away is because, after MacArthur's coup, they feel that they're the only believers left in America's founding Constitutional values of limited government under a liberal democracy after the federal government has betrayed those values as badly as the Combined Syndicates and Union State. If MacArthur never stages a coup, they will remain loyal to the United States.
  • Multiple Endings: While they carry forward America's values, they do not carry forward its strongly established two-party system and have political routes for all four liberal democratic ideologies, allowing the new Pacific States to swing further left or right than the United States normally could.
  • Retcon: Prior to 0.8, the PSA was dominated by Mega Corps who wanted to preserve their profits. After 0.8, however, they became the last bastion of American democracy in the face of Reed, Long, and MacArthur.

    New England 

New England

The northeastern corner of the United States, New England found itself in a rough position in the Second American Civil War, as they back the federal government but is trapped behind CSA lines. Canada may use the opportunity to occupy New England, bolstering their Eastern defense against hostile American forces. However, the American locals resent the Canadian occupation. As such, Canada can grant New England independence as an Entente satellite state, creating an independent New England.

New England claims to be the True American Government, but has very little legitimacy both within and without. With the Civil War factions still eyeing on New England, New England's dreams of becoming legitimate may be a difficult one.

  • Non-Indicative Name: As a nation-state, New England also includes the territory of Upstate New York, which while culturally similar to New England has never been considered part of the region. In-game, Upstate joins with New England primarily because it would be otherwise vulnerable to the CSA.
  • Puppet State: New England is a Canadian puppet, created from a Canadian occupation zone.

Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.

In the midst of America's turmoil, the patriarch of the Kennedy political family headed a group of prominent Yankees who invited Canada to annex the territories of New England and Upstate New York.

  • Allohistorical Allusion: In OTL, Kennedy was ambassador to the United Kingdom. Well, he's still certainly conducting diplomacy with the British Crown...
  • Opportunistic Bastard: His actions can be read this way, as he ends up governing New England if Canada releases it.
  • Realpolitik: The other way his actions could be read. The Northeast really doesn't have much hope of escaping a CSA conquest without outside intervention.



The state of Hawaii sometimes leaves both the Union and the Pacific States, leaving it to fend for itself as either a monarchy, repbulic or even Syndicalist state.

  • Summon Bigger Fish: If the victor of the civil war decides to conquer Hawaii or Japan has its eyes on the island, Hawaii's main hope of victory is being backed by whatever faction it joined.


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