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    Union of Britain 

Union of Britain

British economy was in a slump following the Weltkrieg, and the Conservative-National coalition government attempted to stimulate the economy through tariffs on Germany. However, Germany easily bypassed the tariffs, and raised their own tariffs on British goods. This led to a rapid rise in consumer good prices and unemployment, with the coal industry being the worst hit.

On March 6th, 1925, the Trade Union Congress (TUC) called for a general strike to protest the tariffs. 5 days into the strike, a group strikers were violently suppressed at the Tarenni Colliery. Motivated by the Tarenni massacre, the general strike escalated into a revolution. Within weeks, revolutionary militia had taken over the isle, and the British elite fled to Canada. The TUC took over all political authority, and declared the Union of Britain. The new syndicalist nation joined the Commune of France and the Socialist Republic of Italy to form the Third Internationale.

  • Chummy Commies: They established a more democratic version of syndicalism which became known as Radical Socialism.
  • Fun with Acronyms: The Union of Britain can found the Revolutionary Exportation Directory (R.E.D.), a revolutionary spy agency that works to support revolutionaries around the world.
  • Spark of the Rebellion: In the backstory of the Union of Britain, a miner strike exploded into a total syndicalist revolution when the strike was violently crushed.
  • Weird Trade Union: The ruling body is the Trade Unions Congress, which is for all purpose and intents the former parliament with districts replaced with trade unions.

Philip Snowden

The current Chairman of the Trade Union Congress, Snowden maintains the unity of the factionalized TUC by showing himself as an impartial neutral candidate. However, he has been hinting that he will resign soon after the 1936 Congress of Trade Unions. The aftermath of his resignation would surely create an uncertain power struggle between the four factions of the TUC.

  • Neutrality Backlash: Snowden's neutrality did prevent escalations of conflicts in the TUC, but it also allowed Mosley's Maximists to rise up.
  • Quintessential British Gentleman: Unusual for a post-revolution socialist leader, Snowden is a very reserved politician and refuses to take part in the petty factional insults in the politics of the Union of Britain.

Oswald Mosley

Together in Britain we have lit a flame that the ages shall not extinguish.

Oswald Mosley began his political career as a Conservative who later became a member of the Labour Party. During the British Revolution, he became famous for his organization of the worker's uprising in Birmingham. After the revolution, Mosley founded the Maximist faction, which sets a purpose of enacting of the large-scale centralization of the state and militarization in the face of the foreign counterrevolutionary threat. Being the man who created the Totalist Charter, Mosley is seen as the key figure of the Totalist ideology.

  • A Lighter Shade of Black: Mosley can be played as this if you manage to not give him control of everything and allow Blair to succeed him, making Totalist Britain democratic enough to maintain a satisfied populace.
  • Big Bad: From both an anti-Syndicalist and moderate Syndicalist perspective, as he is one of the founders of the Totalist manifesto and seeks to override the democratic syndicalist governance of the Union of Britain to usher in a totalitarian government.
  • Commie Nazis: His ideology, Totalism, blends Stalinist-esque planned economics and revolutionary ideology with far-right traits such as Nationalism and Revanchism.
  • Dystopia Is Hard: Seeking to enforce Totalism on the Union of Britain can lead to other Syndicalists, such as Eric Blair or T.E. Lawrence turning against him, and could result in a military coup against his faction.
  • Evil Cripple: Mosley suffered a flying accident during the Weltkrieg, and walks with a limp.
  • Historical Villain Upgrade: Real-life Mosley, while achieved an infamous reputation as the leader of British fascists, didn't hold serious political influence. Here, he is not only a potential totalitarian leader of Britain, but also the founder of the most influential far-left totalitarian ideology in the world, while in real life he just followed the example of Fascist ideology founded by Mussolini.
  • Pragmatic Villainy: Instead of taking very unpopular decision to appoint himself a Chairman-for-Life, Mosley can keep the facade of the Syndicalist democracy by appointing Eric Blair as his General Secretary.
  • Smug Snake: For all his insistence that he's the strong leader the Union needs, Mosley's ploy to become dictator can go wrong in any number of ways, if it works at all.
  • Spared by the Adaptation: Mosley's first wife, Cynthia, can be appointed to a minister job, having not died in 1933.
  • Tyrant Takes the Helm: Upon taking power, Mosley can (unconstitutionally) declare himself as the permanent Grand Protector, uniting the powers of General Secretary and Chairman. He then strengthens his position, eliminating any possible opposition to his tyrannical rule if he isn't stopped by either Blair or Lawrence.

Niclas y Glais

Niclas y Glais, a famous Welsh poet and once a pacifist activist, is the leader of the Autonomist faction who stands for the higher autonomy for Scotland and Wales, not excluding the option of full independence of the former parts of the Union of Britain.

  • Balkanize Me: As a Devolutionist, y Glais favors breaking the Union of Britain into the Unions of England, Scotland, and Wales. Depending on how negotiations go, Scotland and Wales may be either wholly independent, or subservient to England.
  • Nice Job Breaking It, Hero!: Prior to version 0.5.2, y Glais could devolve the Union of Britain before the Second Weltkrieg (after v. 0.5.2, the Union of Britain will not devolve until after the Second Weltkrieg is concluded), which dramatically weakens the Third Internationale, as the devolved states lack the industry or military cohesion of the Union of Britain and as such, cannot field as well-equipped of divisions as a united Union of Britain.

Eric Blair

Eric Blair is a popular writer and an orthodox Maximist. He was a long-time ally with Oswald Mosley, believing in Mosley's promises that temporary centralization is necessary to fully complete the societal revolution.

  • Allohistorical Allusion: His rejection of Totalism after Mosley's abuses of his powers is supposed to allude his disappointment with Stalinism in real life during the Spanish Civil War.
  • Badass Bookworm: Aside from being a prominent writer, Blair is also a popular militia commander and one of potential military ministers for the Union of Britain.
  • Different World, Different Movies: By 1944 he writes a book called "Union in 40 Years", which has a very broadly similar premise to Nineteen Eighty-Four, but it's presented as utopia, describing a world of peace and prosperity, rather than one of eternal war, misery, and totalitarian control of lives and thoughts.
  • Driven to Suicide: If Mosley is dictator, Blair will have a falling out with him and may commit suicide on a cold, wet day if the event to attempt a coup doesn't fire in time.
  • Heel–Face Turn: Can launch a coup against Mosley if the latter seizes the enormous power for himself. If this happens, Blair abandons totalism and becomes a radical socialist. He may also instead call in the military to depose Mosley, which puts T. E. Lawrence in charge.
  • Historical Villain Upgrade: Orwell never supported any form of Totalitarianism at any point of his life. Yet, in KR he becomes a vocal supporter of the Totalitarian Socialism.
  • Intellectually Supported Tyranny: A prominent writer and intellectual, Blair fervently supports the Maximist ideology and can become Mosley's Number Two.
  • Irony: The man who wrote about the dangers of totalitarianism becomes a major supporter of the totalitarian form of Syndicalism in the Kaiserreich world.
  • Number Two: Can be appointed as the General Secretary for Chairman Mosley.

Annie Kenney

A prominent Congregationist leader favoring the continuation of the orthodox syndicalist Union of Britain under the Trade Union Congress.

  • Breaking the Glass Ceiling: If elected, the news event specifically mentions that she's one of the very few female heads of state in the entire world.

T. E. Lawrence

Thomas Edward Lawrence is a charismatic yet reserved British officer who led the unsuccessful but famous Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire during the Weltkrieg. Since returning to Britain, he had kept a low profile, and narrowly avoided death in a motorcycle accident in 1935. As tensions rise again in Europe, Lawrence offers his skills of agitation to help Britain prepare for a war with Germany. While his dedication is undeniable, some have doubts on his true ideals.

  • Cincinnatus: Can cede his dictatorial powers and let the fair elections happen if Mosley is deposed.
  • La Résistance: Uses his experience as a guerrilla leader in the Arab Revolt to assemble a team of professional saboteurs inside the German Empire and wreak havoc during the Second Weltkrieg.
  • Military Coup: If Mosley becomes a full-blown dictator, he can collaborate with Eric Blair to overthrow the Totalists and establish a military junta instead.
  • Mole in Charge: He has the option to reveal himself as the secret monarchist and restore the United Kingdom after the successful coup.
  • Rebellious Rebel: If Mosley and his Totalists take complete control of the government, Lawrence may seek to oust him and will become the Provisional Chairman himself. He may have reservations about Syndicalism in general, as his next step is often to out himself as a secret Royalist and launch a counterrevolution to bring the monarchy back to Britain.
  • Red Baron: Besides his another nickname, Lawrence of Arabia, he can also be known as "Lawrence of Germania" due to his sabotage operations in Germany during the Second Weltkrieg.
  • "Shaggy Dog" Story:
    • His adventures in Arabia. He did quite well, but it amounted to nothing since the British had to abandon their Middle Eastern campaigns as the war in Europe got worse.
    • He can also do cause this for both the Union of Britain revolution and Canada's invasion preparations should he take power and restore the monarchy, rendering all their effort and preparations pointless as he peacefully ends their conflict.
  • Spared by the Adaptation: In the Kaiserreich world, he survives his ill-fated motorcycle crash in 1935.

    Republic of Ireland 

Republic of Ireland
Irish desires for independence from Britain reached new heights during the Weltkrieg. In April 1916, Irish republicans with German backing launched the Easter Rising. In March 1919, they launched another German-backed uprising in response to British introduction of conscription in Ireland. When Britain pulled out of France, they put their tired troops into Ireland, turning the uprising into a messy guerrilla war as both sides struggled to defeat the other.

By 1921, the British public was sick of fighting, and everyone wanted the Irish war to end. Following the Peace with Honor, the British government signed the Anglo-Irish Treaty, allowing Irish independence, Ulster included, as a British dominion known as the Irish Free State. Michael Collins, leader of the Irish uprising, would serve as the leader of the Irish Free State. Despite the controversies surrounding the treaty, and Ireland's instability following the war, the Irish Free State persisted even as Britain collapsed.

Following the British Revolution, Collins drafted a new Irish constitution and declared Ireland a republic. A unionist uprising in Ulster was crushed, securing Collins' power. Riding on a wave of unbeatable public support, with only a minor coalition calling themselves the democratic opposition opposing him, Collins has unofficially become the dictator of Ireland.

  • Chummy Commies: One foreign policy option Ireland has in their focus tree is to negotiate an agreement with the Union of Britain that guarantees Irish independence and resumes Anglo-Irish trade.
  • The Fundamentalist: Ireland has an option to declare itself an officially Catholic state and can support the Carlists in the Spanish Civil War.
  • The High King: Hugo O'Neill and his son Jorge become this if Ireland is puppeted by Spain or Portugal.
  • Historical Villain Upgrade: Ireland under Collins is a dictatorship with fixed elections and most of the Irish starting cabinet are historical fascists. Worst of all is the security minister Gearóid Ó Cuinneagáin who is described as an efficient sociopath in-game and historically called for the removal of Jews from Irish society.
  • Multiple Endings: While Collins usually stays in power in most games if he loses an election and allows the opposition to take over Ireland can reform into a democracy or become syndicalist.
  • Occupiers out of Our Country: Annexing Ireland as the Union of Britain or United Kingdom gives some harsh modifiers and recurring events to represent Irish resistance. Ireland can also have to deal with an uprising by Ulster-Scots backed by the Union of Britain and potentially the Commune of France.
  • Rightful King Returns: If Ireland is conquered by Portugal or Spain they can make Hugo José Jorge O'Neill, a Portuguese aristocrat and long lost descendant of 16-17th century Irish rebel leader Hugh O'Neill, the High King of Ireland.

Michael Collins

Michael Collins is considered a hero of Ireland. He fought in the 1916 Easter Rising, and led the 1919 Irish War of Independence, organizing the Irish Republican Army into fight an efficient guerrilla force. He extracted the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921 that saw Irish secure all thirty-two counties as a semi-Independent state. While expelled by Sinn Féin due to his pro-Treaty stance by the anti-Treaty SF leader Éamon de Valera, Collins founded Fine Gael and soon surpassed SF in popularity. Now leading an independent Ireland as its undisputed leader (through both legitimate popularity and illegitimate election riggings), Collins plans to revitalize the country and truly secure Ireland's independence.

  • Cincinnatus: If he loses an election he can voluntarily relinquish power to the democratic opposition.
  • The Generalissimo: Retains his title as commander-in-chief of the Irish Republican Army even while serving as head of state.
  • Glorious Leader: While he secures his power with fixed elections, he is genuinely popular among the Irish public.
  • Historical Villain Upgrade: Following the British Revolution he has become a dictator (albeit being described as a reluctant one) using fixed elections to secure his power and his government cabinet is primarily composed of Irish fascists.
  • Rebel Leader: He was at least during the Irish War of Independence.
  • Reluctant Ruler: He is described as a reluctant dictator in-game.
  • Spared by the Adaptation: Without the Irish Civil War happening in the Kaiserreich timeline he's still alive.

Western Europe

    German Empire 

German Empire

Flush with victory from the Weltkrieg, the German Empire has finally acquired its place in the sun as Europe's (and, indeed, the world's) preeminent Great Power. Under the wise and benevolent oversight of Kaiser Wilhelm II, the Empire has seemingly gone from strength to strength, from the acquisition of a vast new colonial realm to the successful military intervention in China to restore a pliant Qing Dynasty to its traditional seat of power (in exchange, of course, for certain extremely favorable concessions to German corporations which do business in China).

Beneath the surface, however, Imperial politics have turned heated and divisive with factions on both sides of the spectrum chafing under an uncomfortable status quo; a newly-energized and revanchist Syndicalist France sits on their doorstep, waiting for the perfect opportunity to avenge a string of defeats stretching back to the crushing of the Paris Commune; and rumors are spreading that the Empire's prosperity is founded on a massive speculative bubble that may collapse at the slightest jolt. The German Empire remains impressive on paper, but its strength and stability will be tested severely in the coming years.

  • The Alliance: Germany serves as the leader of Reichspakt, an alliance of states in Eastern Europe that were carved out of the German victory in Russia, and of the economical union of Mitteleuropa.
  • Balkanize Me: A defeated Germany can be released into four chunks: Hanover, Prussia, Bavaria, and the Rhine.
  • Cool Ship: The Kaiserliche Marine is one of the foremost proponents of aircraft carriers, starting with two on active duty in the Mediterranean and the Pacific and three in the reserve fleet. That said, the majority of their ships are from the Weltkrieg and are in need of replacement.
  • The Empire: With their victory in the Weltkrieg, the fall of France and United Kingdom to Syndicalism and the USA facing a persistent economic crisis, there was no other country with capability to rise in the power vacuum other then the German Empire. Although they don't control a vast territorial empire, they have colonies through all continents and virtually all countries in the world have economical, political, social or cultural ties.
  • Hegemonic Empire: The German Empire leads the Reichspakt military alliance, granting it significant influence around the globe.
  • Kaiserreich: With the victory in the First World War, the German Empire continued instead of becoming a republic and later a fascist dictatorship. Although the actual political structure of the Reich is more likely than not to change, for good (the 1937 or 1941 elections can continue the Kaiserreich's evolution into a more Westminster-style parliamentary monarchy by Wilhelm sticking to the post-Weltkrieg tradition of choosing a chancellor from the winning coalition despite being faced with a coalition whose ideology he dislikes) or ill (Kurt von Schleicher's scheming can undermine the Reichstag and set up a dictatorial junta).
  • Paper Tiger: Where many nations will hold out until their capital is overrun, or even beyond that, there's a good chance that Germany will simply collapse if a number of important cities are taken, even if the vast majority of the country (including several major industrial centres) are still in German hands. While their army is still large and generally well-equipped, all it takes to win is to break their lines a few times, and secure a corridor to a few cities.
  • Puppet State: Germany runs a large number of friendly governments around the world.
  • United Europe: Not yet developed, but this will be one of the biggest objectives to Germany to follow with the The Dream of Paneuropa focus. The Germany already has placed the mechanism for this with the Reichspakt as a common defense alliance and Mitteleurope as their common economic zone.
  • Vestigial Empire: While they are the most powerful empire on the planet, and still own a ton of oversea territories in 1936, they are definitely slipping by 1936. As one user analyzes, Germany has a lot of issues: they have a lot of allies, but no major allies-they alienated the Entente when they went in and occupied their former territories. The German colonial management of Mittelafrika and East Asia is in short, a total disaster. Their overcommitment to foreign intervention have stretched their forces too thin to have any kind of reasonable support to their colonies when they rebel. Their poor management of their economy is what directly caused the Black Monday economic crash. In the end, the collapse of Mittelafrika and German East Asia is almost unavoidable.

Wilhelm II

German Kaiser and King of Prussia. Wilhelm's nearly five-decade reign has seen the German Empire go from strength to strength, with its triumph in the Weltkrieg securing his place in history and in his people's hearts as a hero without peer. While he wields much more personal power than his opposite number in the British Empire's Westminster-style constitutional monarchies, in the decades since the war the Kaiser has largely stepped out of the political limelight, leaving the details of governance to the Chancellor and the legislature.

  • Big Bad: The Kaiser is seen as the symbol of the German hegemony and imperialism all around the world and opposed by anti-German forces and particulary the Syndicalist world.
  • Big Good: The German people looks upon him as a strong ruler who brought prosperity and victory, while the elites of Reichspakt countries see him as the guarantor of their power and stability of their countries.
  • The Emperor: Of course. Kaiser's rule stretches over even larger domains than in OTL.
  • The Good King: In contrast to his reputation in OTL, which is usually not the most flattering one, in KR history remembered Wilhelm more fondly for leading the German people towards the victory in Weltkrieg and the achieving for Germany the place under the sun.
  • Reluctant Ruler: After the Weltkrieg, he prefers more to spend time with family rather than rule over Germany and usually comes to Reichstag just to approve the decisions of the Chancellor.

Adolf Hitler

An Austrian soldier who fought in the Imperial German Army during The Weltkrieg. He died during the war and his memoirs were collected into a book called Unser Kampf, which has posthumosly turned him into a national hero.

  • Death by Adaptation: Hitler died during the German intervention in Russia in 1920.
  • Demoted to Extra: Due to his death in 1920, Hitler was nowhere influential as his real life countrepart.
  • Different World, Different Movies: Mein Kampf (known as Unser Kampfnote ) in the Kaiserreich world is a diary of a patriotic and conscientious German soldier rather than a collection of Hitler's political rants.
  • Historical Villain Downgrade: From one of the the cruelest dictators of the XX century to an ordinary German soldier, who is widely regarded as the national hero.
  • Propaganda Hero: As the main hero of Leni Riefenstahl's movie adaptation of his diary, Hitler is presented in Germany as an exemplary German soldier.



The Belgian army, commanded by King Albert himself, was the first who fought the German armies during the Great War and among the others vanquished armies during the defeat of France. With his motherland under German occupation, Belgium was forced to comply to every single term: Belgian Congo becoming another German holding in Africa, Belgian Luxembourg was occupied and even the country ceased to exist under her name. German experts concluded that a federal state was the best option in order to reduce the contacts between Flemish and Walloons and avoid the creation of a unified resistance of all the population of the country. With the Peace With Honour, Adalbert von Hohenzollern, the Kaiser’s third son, was crowned as Adalbert I, King of Flanders and Wallonia.

In 1936, the buffer state of Flandern-Wallonien is coming to a boiling point, between the Flemish population, wanting to join the neutral Netherlands, the Walloon population, whose nationalism turned to French-fashioned syndicalist views, and the whole population, tired of German domination...

  • Civil War: Sometimes the people from Flanders-Wallonia can try to free themselves from German yoke in the Second Belgium Revolution. Usually is a Curb-Stomp Battle, but it can be a great opportunity for the Commune of France if they are invading.
  • Divided We Fall: The main reason for Germany to form Flanders-Wallonia as a federal unit instead of separating Wallonia from Flanders, since it provided a strong buffer state between France and Germany.
  • Puppet State: While the Reichspakt is formed by German puppets, Flanders-Wallonia is one of the most heavily German controlled countries among them.
  • We ARE Struggling Together: Wallonia believes that Flanders is collaborating with the German Empire while the Flanders is afraid of the rising power of the syndicalist resistance and constantly struggles to maintain the small scraps of power that it holds. However, both parties deeply hate the German as seen as occupiers and both groups can unite to attempt a Second Belgian Revolution.

    Commune of France 

Commune of France

Tired of the prolonged and gruesome war, the French proletariat's patience was finally exhausted in spring of 1919, when the working class, guided by Syndicalist, Socialist and Anarchist forces, declared the creation of their own political structure and called for the general strike all around the country in order to paralyze the capitalist French state. On the ruins of the Third Republic, the Red forces emerged victorious against the forces of the counter-revolutionary Provisional Government in the ensuing Civil War and proclaimed the creation of the Commune of France, the first Syndicalist state, in 1921. Even though the young Commune had to comply with territorial and economical losses caused by Weltkrieg, it poses itself as the leading Socialist state in the world (especially in the wake of failed Bolshevik revolution in Russia) and the strongest opposer to Pax Germanica in Europe. Slowly recovering from scars of the past, the Commune now has to be prepared for the future conflict with the German Empire, which will determine the success of the Syndicalist experiment and the fate of Europe as a whole.

  • Arch-Enemy:
    • To the German Empire, as the strongest representatives of their opposing ideologies (Syndicalism and Capitalism), as well as the main contenders for hegemony in Europe.
    • And, of course, to National France, since the very existence of one of these states is a challenge to the legitimacy of the other.
  • Commie Land: Being the birthplace of the Syndicalist Revolution and the leading country of the Third Internationale, the Commune of France carries the torch of the Syndicalist Revolution worldwide.
  • Evil vs. Evil: Though the Jacobins and the Sorelians are both far-left extremist factions, they have very different and mutually incompatible views on what "advancing the Revolution" means in practice. If one faction manages to take full control of the Commune, the other will inevitably be purged.
  • The Revolution Will Not Be Civilized: The Jacobins carried out the worst excesses of the French Revolution during the Civil War, such as mass executions and violent attacks on men of upper classes.

Nestor Makhno and Sébastien Faure

Formed by the former Ukrainian Anarchist revolutionary Nestor Makhno, "Pure Anarchists" argue for greater regional freedom and decentralization in the Commune.

  • Anarchy Is Chaos: Averted - neither putting the Anarchiste party in power nor the rule thereof is significantly more punishing on national stability than electing either totalist party or keeping the Travailleuers in power, and in general, the society they build is just as stable as any other.
  • Good Scars, Evil Scars: Nestor Makhno sports a gnarly dueling scar, though whether you see it as a good scar or an evil scar likely depends a lot on your own views on him and his politics. In general, from the Entente, Reichspakt, and Russia's point of view, it's an evil scar born by a dangerous ideologue who tried to cast Ukraine into chaos and is trying to do the same with western Europe, while from the Third Internationale's point of view, it's a good scar and a reminder of his personal efforts and sacrifices to try to liberate the workers and peasants of Ukraine and his commitment to liberating Europe's working class.
  • Spared by the Adaptation: Party leader Nestor Makhno died of tuberculosis in 1934 in real life, but he's alive and kicking in Kaiserreich and remains a major political player in the Commune of France until he retires in 1950.
  • We Have Reserves: Makhno's Anarchiste party's war philosophy, inspired by the massive scale of the Weltkrieg and a belief that any future war would require even greater numbers of men under arms, is centered around vast militia armies armed with vast numbers of cheap rifles, rather than the tank armies favored by the Travailleurs, the centralized army command favored by the Jacobins, or the squad-centric army favored by the Sorelians.

Marcel Déat

The self-proclaimed successors to Lenin and his revolution, currently led by Marcel Déat. They want to form the united Communist party to lead the French revolution against reactionary forces, as well as to cleanse the Commune from any Syndicalist and other non-Marxist elements.

  • Commie Land: They can turn France into a full-fledged Communist government if they take power.
  • Dirty Commies: The Jacobins are die-hard Leninists wanting to return Communism (discredited with the failure of the Russian Revolution) to the world. Once in power, the Jacobins will turn France into a Communist state along the lines of what we would recognize, clamping down on the democratic system, worker unions, and build a one-party state. The Jacobins are Totalists like the Sorelians, though they're non-charter-affiliated Totalists who don't espouse ultranationalism.
  • The Friend Nobody Likes: While they were allies of the French revolutionaries from the start, they're not especially liked by other factions, especially by Sorelians, because of their unscrupulous methods and schismatic tendencies. This feeling is mutual, as Jacobins consider them as mere opportunists, and can launch purge against any non-Leninst element in the French politics or limit it only to Sorelians.
  • Nice Job Fixing It, Villain!: If Jacobins' attempts to overthrow the Syndicalist government lead to the civil war, Germany and National France can take the opportunity and attack the weakened Commune and usually emerge victorious.
  • The Plan: Jacobin military doctrine emphasizes extensive planning by a centralized high command above individual initiative, mass conscription, or vast armored forces.
  • The Purge: Launches one against the Sorelians if they take power.
  • The Starscream: As the entire faction, Jacobins regard the Commune at its current stage as an opportunist mockery of ideas of true Communism and, if they are elected, they can attempt to abolish the Syndicalist structures and install the new regime, based on the Leninist principles instead of those of Revolutionary Syndicalism. That's, of course, if they aren't overthrown by military or defeated by National France and Germany beforehand.

Georges Valois

The followers of Georges Sorel's thought, led by Georges Valois, Sorelians believe in the necessity of centralization of the state and militarization of economy to secure revolution and to take revenge on Germany for national humilations of the past.

  • Commie Nazis: As a charter-affiliated Totalist party, their ideology combines Stalinst-esque policies with revanchism against Germany and a dose of anti-semitism.
  • Elite Army: Sorelian military doctrine is centered around empowered junior officers and superior capabilities at the squad level, and as such, they get a general bonus to infantry capabilities.
  • The Purge: Launches one against the Jacobins if they take power.
  • Revenge: Their foreign policy is the one that most revolves around seeking vengeance against the Germans for causing France's defeat in the Weltkrieg.
  • Warhawk: The Sorelians are the most aggressive socialists out there, and seek militarist and revanchist policies for everything.

Benoît Frachon and Léon Jouhaux, possible heads of state for the Travailleurs

The current faction in charge of France, led by the highly unpopular Marceau Pivert, which presents itself as the faction of compromise, seeking to extend the unionist democracy and support Orthodox Syndicalist principles in economy.

  • Internal Reformist: While the other parties want to radically change the governance of the Commune of France, the reigning Travailleurs wish to maintain orthodox syndicalism and use the existing governmental structure to rejuvenate the economy in more or less its current form.
  • "Shaggy Dog" Story: If the Travailleurs reach the majority in the 1936 Communard elections, they can reinstate Marceau Pivert, whose unpopularity and resignation caused such tense elections in first place.
  • Tank Goodness: The Travailleurs military philosophy is based heavily around armored and otherwise mobile warfare, in contrast to the other parties, which all support some manner of infantry-centric warfare.

Maurice Gamelin

  • Defector from Decadence: If the Commune of France goes down the Jacobins route hard, and Gamelin's coup fails, he and his mutineers will defect to National France, and help them prepare an invasion.
  • Military Coup: If the Jacobins are elected and decide to abolish the syndicalist democratic system, Field Marshal Maurice Gamelin may launch a coup to depose them and restore the Travailleurs as the ruling party of the Commune, with himself at the helm.
  • No Good Deed Goes Unpunished: If Gamelin's coup fails, he will try to defect to National France. However, there is a chance that National France rejects Gamelin since Gamelin was one of the main revolutionary generals, and they still consider him a traitor. Gamelin's mutineers will thus get crushed by the Jacobins.
  • The Purge: While not part of normal Travailleur politics, if Gamelin deposes the Jacobins, he reinstates the Travailleurs and the entire Jacobin party is purged.



    Kingdom of Spain 

Kingdom of Spain

  • Civil War: The Spanish political crisis can quickly explode into a civil war between the Kingdom, Carlist usurpers, and CNT-FAI socialists.

Francisco Franco Bahamonde

  • Cincinnatus: If King Alfonso dies in his coma and Prince Jaime Is assassinated, Franco can assume control of the government and will (ironically) become the legitimate Spanish government's last line of defense against the extremists.
  • Irony: In our timeline, Franco led the fascist Nationalist Spain to victory over the Republican Spain. In Kaiserreich, he can lead a democratic Republican Spain to victory over a syndicalist CNT-FAI and monarchist Succession Crisis faction in Carlist Spain.


Portuguese-German tensions gradually built up over the course of the First Weltkrieg, until the young Portuguese Republic joined the war siding against the Germans. However, Germany defeated Portugal in both Mozambique and France, and the now-powerless republicans found itself in a monarchist counter-revolution, ending with the restoration of King Manuel II, with Duarte Nuno being declared his successor. Since then, the collapse of the British Empire, German territorial ambitions, and Spanish political crisis have caused endless trouble for Portugal. King Duarte II presently heads a government fully controlled by the radical Integralismo Lusitano, who have desires for Integralist reforms to create their ideal "Organic Kingdom".

  • The Alcatraz: Absolute Monarchy Portugal can create the Tarrafal prison camp situated on the Cape Verde islands, intended for the most dangerous Portuguese criminals and syndicalist political prisoners.
  • Let No Crisis Go to Waste: Portugal can take advantage of the Mittelafrikan collapse to restore their old African colonies and claims, taking Zambia and Barotseland, demanding control over Kongo, and take over everything between Angola and Mozambique to realize their Pink Map claims.
  • Patriotic Fervor: Integralist Portugal is a monarchy with far-right patriotism, including things like a patriotic youth league.
  • Token Evil Teammate: Among the monarchies, Portugal is the least democratic of them all. Going down Absolute Monarchy will result in a Parliament directly controlled by the King that bans both Republican and Socialist parties. Going down Integralist Monarchy will result in the Integralists suspending the Parliament to stop "the bickering of politicians", and ending with the Parliament being abolished altogether.
  • Token Good Teammate: On the other hand, for a National Populist nation, Portugal is fairly liberal to its people, with Integralist Portugal granting local autonomy for all of their subjects.


Eastern Europe

    Kingdom of Poland 

Kingdom of Poland

For more than a century before the end of the Weltkrieg, there had been no Polish nation. What had once been Poland had been carved up and partitioned between Prussia, Austria, and Russia in 1795. Despite persistent uprisings throughout the 19th century, the foreign powers maintained their hold on the Polish lands.

Polish fortunes appeared to change with the Act of November 5th, 1916, when the Polish lands occupied by the German Empire were granted autonomy from the collapsing Russian Empire. This success, however, came at a price. The Germans made a concerted effort to colonize a portion of their land known as the Polish Frontier Strip.

Meanwhile, the election of a new King of Poland has been fraught with difficulty. Janusz Radziwiłł and the Regency Council has been unable to form a consensus on who exactly should be elected. Complicating matters, both Germany and Austria have involved themselves in the debate as whomever is elected could tie Poland to either country's royal house, the Hohenzollerns or the Hapsburgs. With no clear end in sight, Poland's "Eternal Regency" is set to continue.

Regency Council

Poland was reestablished by the Central Powers in formerly Russian lands after over a century of foreign rule. Competition between Austria and Germany for influence in Poland, both during and since the Weltkrieg, has left the regency council unable to perform its principle duty, the selection of a new monarch. The, so called, 'eternal regency' lords indecisively over a Poland which remains much the same as it was before the Weltkrieg - poor and restless.

Since it's independence in 1916, Poland is stuck in a regency council that will choose a new king, with the candidates begin a Hohenzollern king from Germany, a Habsburg from Austria, Mindaugas III from Lithuania or a new entire new Polish king. The council however, is notably ineffective and the competitions between the various outside powers influencing the election made the country stuck with a bickering council known as the "Eternal Regency". But now with the Black Monday and a new Weltkrieg in the horizon, the council is in a crossfire, if they can't choose a leader for Poland then Poland will choose a leader for itself.

  • Regent for Life: Not for long! As the game starts, the whole world is destabilized by the Black Monday. The Council will have to quickly choose a king, otherwise it will open the opportunity for a Military, Syndicalist, Nationalist or Republican takeover.
  • Riddle for the Ages: If there's a Military, Syndicalist, Nationalist or Republican takeover the "Polish Question" of the new King will never be answered.
  • Succession Crisis: Poland is stuck with the Regency Council for a long time because they have no idea who should they choose to be the new King.
  • Not-So-Omniscient Council of Bickering: The Council is notoriously ineffective, debating thing like the minimum height and table size of the new King. Justified since various foreign powers are influencing the elections and a bickering council is better then a rival candidate rising to the throne.

Augustyn I

Augustyn Józef Czartoryski, though not a descendant of any historical Polish monarch, has been enthroned as its new king. The Czartoryski family, ethnically Polish, were influential both in the days of the old Commonwealth and following Russian annexation. With Augustyn, the new Polish nation at last has a truly Polish king.

Fryderyk Krystian

Fryderyk Krystian Saski, born Friedrich Christian von Wettin, king of Saxony, has ascended to the Polish throne. Fryderyk Krystian's status as both king of a constituent state of the German Empire and Poland is alarming to many Poles, who think him subservient to the Kaiser. Subservient or not, Fryderyk Krystian's coronation does indicate increased German influence in Poland.

Jakub Hanecki

Jakub Hanecki was the chief financial minister of the Bolsheviks from Lenin's return to Russia until the bitter defeat of the revolution. He fled the collapsing Soviet Russia under the cover of darkness, bringing with him troves of financial documentation and ledgers linking various foreign socialists to the revolution, and thus saving many from imprisonment or worse. Hanecki, with the death of Dzierzynski, has triumphed over his political rivals. He intends to inject much needed fiscal responsibility into the new socialist Polish government.

Róża Luksemburg

Róża Luksemburg's reputation precedes her; she is considered by many to the ideological progenitor of an entirely new strain of Marxism. Luksemburg, a Leninist, criticized the lack of internal democracy within the old Bolshevik party. She also advocates the necessity of a world socialist revolution; such is the only way, she argues, to secure the revolution at all.

  • Retcon: In earlier versions of the mod, Rosa Luxembourg was portrayed as a Totalist, despite being considered one of the more democratic Marxists in Real Life. She was changed to a Radical Socialist in later versions of the mod, albeit one that can still find support from the secret police.
  • The Spymaster: Establishes a international Syndicalist spy ring in her path in the Polish National Focus tree.
  • State Sec: Establishes the "Ministry of Public Security" in her path in the Polish National Focus tree.
  • Take Over the World: Seeks to bring fourth "world revolution".

Karl Radek

Karol Radek, once the pariah of the Polish socialist movement, rose to prominence by acting as a liaison between Vladimir Lenin and radical German socialist elements. Radek fought alongside Lenin and Dzierzynski in the Russian civil war, and eventually returned with Dzierzynski to Poland, determined to rekindle the flame of socialism. With Dzierzynski's passing, Radek has emerged as his successor.

  • Commie Nazis: Out of all potential leaders of Syndicalists, Radek is the only who combines authoritarian Syndicalism with Polish nationalism. Ironically, he is of Jewish descent and would reject the anti-Semitism of Totalists such as the Sorelians.
  • Spared By Adaptation: Didn't get purged in this timeline and can lead Poland.

    White Ruthenia 

White Ruthenia

The lack of an historic Byelorussian state did not prevent the Germans establishing the Kingdom of White Ruthenia along ethnographic lines following the successful conclusion of the Weltkrieg and the collapse of Russian power. Despite the lack of an historic identity, the legitimacy of the new state was secured during the reign of Kaiser Wilhelm II’s brother Heinrich, who used the strong constitutional Royal prerogatives to promote land reform, education programs, and balance the interests of the various factions within his Kingdom.

Unfortunately, upon Heinrich’s death in 1929 the throne passed to his son Waldemar, who has not been able to live up to the standards set by his father. In 1936 Weißruthenien is an increasingly divided society and the young kingdom appears to be approaching a crisis as power slips away from the legitimate monarch to his younger brother Sigismund, who has managed built up a formidable power base through the "National Security Services" and various Byelorussian extremist groups unhappy with the current situation.

  • A Nazi by Any Other Name: The Byelorussian nationalists. Ironically, they rally around the king's brother Sigismund, a German noble.
  • Puppet State: One of the states estabilished by Germany to serve as a buffer state between them and Russia.
  • Ruritania: White Ruthenia is a poor and backwards country with barely any wealth, a huge class divide between the German aristocracy and the native population and the sole reason for the country to exist is to serve as a buffer state between Germany and Russia.
  • In Spite of a Nail: The Kingdom of White Ruthenia actually existed briefly as the Belarussian People's Republic or White Ruthenian Democratic Republic, estabilished by the German Empire from 1918 until their invasion in 1919 by the Soviet Union when they became the Byelorussian SSR. Without the German army pulling out due the internal conflicts caused by the defeat of the German Empire and the fall of the Soviet Union to the Whites, Belorussia averted its fall and with a German victory they could influence their new satellite state to adopt a Hohenzollern king.
  • This Is My Name on Foreign: Due the influence of German and Russian, as well native Byelorussian. The country has been called Belorussia, Belarus, Byelorussia, White Ruthenia and Weiß Ruthenien.
  • Secret Police: The "National Security Services", lead by the king's brother Sigismund.

Uladzimir I

King Uladzimir is the son of the King of Belorussia and the Kaiser's brother Heinrich. As his father was quite overshadowed by his brother, Prince Waldemar grew up in a relative distance from the German court, just as a simple German Prince. What made his life worse was his illness, hemophilia, which lead to a recluse life. Everything changed in 1921, after a vote by the newly elected Rada of Belorussia, his father Heinrich was proclaimed as King Genrikh of White Ruthenia and he moved to Minsk, where he was made Crown Prince under pressure of the local prominent citizens, as the Germans were preferring his healthier brother Sigismund. After his father's death on April, 20 1929, Waldemar was crowned as King Uladzimir I of Belorussia.

  • Ill Boy: Uladzimir has hemophilia, making him constantly ill and forcing himto live in reclusion because of his hemophilia crisis.
  • Puppet King: Puppet King of two different parties. First the Germans, as his reclusiveness and lack of control of the country permitted the military control and vassalization of White Ruthenia, which were impossible during his father's reign, and also by his brother and heir, Prince Sigismund, reinforced by his position as Head of National Security Services and his links with the Orthodox Church and the nationalist groups, making him the true ruler of the country, along with Prime Minister Pyotr Krecheuski.
  • Reluctant Ruler: He was son of the brother of Emperor Wilhelm II, a minor German prince, and such was never trained to be a ruler. Although he expressed interest in the Byelorussian people, he barely speaks Byelorussian or Russian and his constant hemophilia crisis also make his job of ruling the country worse, preferring to stay away from everyday politics.
  • Royally Screwed Up: Uladzimir has hemophilia due his great-grandmother Queen Victoria.
  • This Is My Name on Foreign: Uladzimir is his Byelorussian name, but he's also refered as Vladimir, which is the Russian name and also by his original name in German Waldemar.
  • Took a Level in Jerkass: He can attempt to make the kingdom an absolute monarchy as he decides that his lack of power is what is holding the country back.

Sigismund I

  • Dragon-in-Chief: De Facto the ruler of the country, but is "only" the heir apparent and chief of the National Security Services.
  • Evil Chancellor: As his brother reclusiveness and preference to stay far away from daily politics, combined Sigismund's alliances with several key powerholding factions and his control over the "National Security Services", which allow him to repress and assassinate anyone against him, Sigismund can be considered the true leader of Belorussia.
  • The Evil Prince: Sigismund is the heir apparent of Belorussia, with his machiavellian character he is supported by various factions such as the Belorussian Orthodox Church and Nationalists to support his power and use his position of chief of National Security Services to eliminate any threats to his power.
  • The Starscream: Sigismund currently holds a lot of power in the kingdom and if his brother Uladzimir decides to open the country more to democracy, Sigismund can attempt a coup and install himself as the new King.
  • This Is My Name on Foreign: As his brother, he's usually called "Sigismund von Hohenzollern" as his German name, but if he also has the Belorussian name of Zymihont, which will be will be called if he becomes King of Belorussia.

    Kingdom of Ukraine 

Kingdom of Ukraine

Following centuries of subjugation under the Russian Empire, Ukraine was liberated following the "Peace of Nations" at Brest-Litovsk. Originally Ukraine got it's indepedence when the combined armies of the German Empire and Austro-Hungarian marched through Russia, taking opportunity in Russia's weakness in their civil war and supported by the central powers, the Central Council of Ukraine declares it's indepedence as the Ukrainian People's Republic, however, a coup in 1918 turned the republic into the Ukranian State, an authoritarian regime under the Hetman Pavlo Skoropadskyi, a regime that existed mostly to support large landowners. With unrest at these developments, compromises had to be met and at the end of 1919 Wilhelm Habsburg-Lothringen was accepted as titular King of Ukraine with the name of Vasyl Vyshyvanyi. Since then Ukraine has been transformed (thanks mainly to German investment and favouritism in trading arrangements) into an agricultural giant.

Now Ukraine is one of the most important allies of Germany and member of the Reichspakt and can be considered the 'Breadbasket of Europe'. However, the lack of representative government, the increasingly desperate position of the masses as well the increasingly deteriorating relationship between Russians and Ukranian has resulted in the rise of radical socialists inspired by Georgia. This internal threat combined with the dangers posed by ambitious states on her frontiers has lead many observers to doubt Ukraine’s ability it to survive the coming years.

Vasyl I
Wilhelm Franz von Habsburg-Lothringen, or in his Ukranian name, Vasyl I Vyshyvanyi, is the current King of Ukraine, and one of the most hated figures in the Kingdom. With the end of the Weltkrieg, Germany and Austria-Hungary struggled over the future of Ukraine. Austria supported Vasyl, while Germany supported the Hetman of Ukraine, Pavlo Skoropadsky. Vasyl would come out on top, but the lack of support from Austria due to their economic troubles meant that Ukraine eventually fell under the German sphere of influence, with the Hetman sidelining King Vasyl. As of present, Vasyl struggles to maintain his authority, and he is near-universally despised by the ethnic Slavs as he's become a symbol of foreign dominance.

  • Authority in Name Only: After Germany got Ukraine under their sphere of influence, Vasyl slowly became powerless, with most of his power returning to the Heteman.
  • Going Native: An interesting example: In real life, Wilhelm was born to an unusual branch of the Habsburg family that desired a Polish identity. However, Wilhelm developed an interest for the Ukranian culture instead, learning Ukranian and even escaped home to travel undercover in Ukraine. The Habsburgs decided to groom his interest so he can eventually serve as a leader of Ukraine. Do notice that he was a real historic figure and he actually did this in real life, the alternate history part is him becoming King.
  • Offered the Crown: The Rada of Ukraine under influence of Austria decided to elect the relatively popular Vasyl as a King, mostly to control the power of Pavlo Skoropadskyi.

Nikita Khrushchev

A young and ambitious social-democrat politician with plans to reform Ukraine into a fair and equal society, although he might have a hidden agenda.

  • Chummy Commies: Wants to fix his country's social and economical problems preferring a more democratic form of Socialism.
  • Red Scare: Khruschev is a Social-Democrat in the game start and there are rumours and fears that he is secretly a Syndicalist and if he gets power in the government he will turn the whole country into a Syndicalist government. The problem is he really does that.
  • Well-Intentioned Extremist: If he enters in the government, he will try to create a Syndicalist nations and fix social and economical problems, even if he has to overthrow the government and the King.
  • The Starscream: Can be chosen by the King to lead a coalition, however, as he gets more power he'll start a plot to overthrow the government.

Nordic Countries



Danish neutrality in the Weltkrieg gave it a better relationship with the victor of the Weltkrieg and the new hegemon of the world. A member of the Mitteleuropa economic system, Denmark profited from the German economic boom of the 1920s. Politically, this economic boom brought the social democrats led by Thorvald Stauning to power, who desire to build a functional and democratic welfare state. However, the Landsting (county councils) is controlled by the conservative opposition, who continues to block proposals to reform. Meanwhile, radical syndicalist trade unions demand for more radical reforms, and discontent with German influence are motivating many political radicals. While the small nation's future seems bright, how will the nation interact with the increasingly unstable world is still an uncertainty.







    Kingdom of Finland 

Kingdom of Finland

Carl Gustaf Mannerheim

  • Cincinnatus: Mannerheim can be put into the head of state to stabilize the country after he puts down the far-right Lapua Movement and the far-left Red Guard. After he's done stabilizing the country, Mannerheim relinquishes his control of the state back to the Finnish democracy, no strings attached.


    Austrian Empire 

Austrian Empire
Flag of Austrian Empire
Flag of Austria-Hungary 

For centuries the Habsburg dynasty has ruled a great part of Europe, carving out a great empire that has lasted for ages. In 1914, the heir the the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, was murdered by Serbian nationalists, and the reaction of the Austro-Hungarian Empire lead to the start of the largest war the world has ever seen: The Weltkrieg. The war was a disaster for the Empire, the fight with the Russians in the east resulted in thousands of casualities due incompetence within the officer corps, organizational issuesnote , and the sheer stubbornness of the Russians, made worse when the Italians betrayed of the Central Powers and attacked from the west, looking to reclaim their lost lands. With great sacrifice and spilled blood the Empire survived, the Russians fell to the October Revolution while the Italians were pushed back all the way to Rome, resulting in the fall of the Kingdom of Italy and a civil war, where Austria supported the Italian Republic.

Despite standing amongst the victors of the Weltkrieg, the war revealed the divisions of culture, class and ideology within the Empire ever so clearly, and the inner unrest continued on as the war ended. Kaiser Karl, following in the footsteps of the assassinated Franz Ferdinand in trying to reform the multinational Austro-Hungarian Empire into something that could survive in the twentieth century, launched a series of large scale reforms; however, his efforts were largely blocked by nobility of the Hungarian side of the Empire - slowing the progress of his plans of federalisation, and only occurring in the Cisleithanian side of the Empirenote .

Today the Empire is on the brink, ethnic tensions are on boiling point, negotiations with the many kingdoms of the monarchy will be held in the next Ausgleich, the Hungarians seem eager to break the fragile union, the Balkan countries are moving to remove the influence of Austria in the region, while the Republic of Italy is ever rebellious and ever threatened by the Syndicalists. With enemies within and without, the Habsburg domination may be coming to an end.

  • Allohistorical Allusion: The formation of Illyria can have some parallels with the formation of Yugoslavia: After the end of the war the winning side decide to create a major Pan-Slavic state under the leadership of a major southern slavic ethnic group. Yugoslavia was created by the Entente giving the slavic parts of Austria-Hungaria to Serbia, while Illyria unites olds slavic parts of the Empire plus Montenegro and Slovene parts of Italy under the Croatians.
  • Civil War: The Empire is in a very fragile union, the constituent kingdoms can attempt to rebel against Austria if the Ausgleich negotiations go wrong. Hungary seems to do this a lot.
  • Multinational Team: The Habsburg Empire is formed by five different constituent nations and a lot of ethnicities. If there's a war their armies will look like this.
  • Paper Tiger: Austria looks imposing with their starting position, a large territory and a lot of puppets. However, due it's descentralized organization, the constituent countries have their own armies and industries with almost no cohesion between themselves and capitulating Austria can take the entire empire down.
  • The Empire: The Austrian-Hungarian empire is the empire. As The Sound of Martial Music points out, the Empire was a union of various nations having no connection to one another except their joint allegiance to the house of Habsburg-Lorraine. A bizarre system straight from feudalism that looks outdated in an era of nationalism and nation-states
  • The Federation: One of the most peaceful ways to unite the empire and avert it's dissolution, is to transform the Empire into this, the new federation will hold all the territories the separate constituent kingdoms had, meaning all of it's industry, military forces and population united under one central government. If the social-conservatives federalize the empire it will be called United States of Greater Austria and if the social-democrats do it the name will be Danubian Federation. However, the Habsburgs will still be in power, meaning it will be both The Federation and The Empire.
    • Or Austria can just ignore this, send military forces to crush any rebellion and centralize the Empire by force. As of 0.8 Austria has to crush Hungary to be able to set up the Danubian Federation/United States of Greater Austria, although it is planned to be possible, with luck, to peaceful federalize once the Hungary focus tree is done.
  • Obstructive Bureaucrat: The Hungarians (Transleithania) are constantly trying to halt and revert any federalization efforts, as they realized they won't be the second place of the Empire, but only one more state in the middle of others while Austria still keeps their leadership.
  • Vestigial Empire: Almost this, the Empire is already very decentralized and ethnic tensions are on it's breaking point. The objective of Austria is to prevent this, either by federalization or by force.

Karl I / IV. Károly

After his uncle Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in 1914, Karl von Habsburg-Lothringen became the designated successor of Kaiser Franz Josef, upon whose death Karl inherited the many thrones of the Habsburg Empire in late 1916. In spite of victory in the Weltkrieg, Austria remained burdened by an archaic political system and unrest. Emperor Karl now has the arduous task of reforming the ailing Empire despite numerous internal and external threats.
After the assassination of his uncle, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Karl found himself as the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, succeding in 1916 after the death of his great-uncle Emperor Franz Joseph. Karl had to hold what little was left of an empire full of internal turmoil and on the brink of collapse. As the empire pushed and defeated Italy, and the collapse of France under a revolution, the fall of Austria-Hungary was adverted, at least for now. Since the end of the war, Karl has been trying to keep the efforts of federalization of the Empire started by his uncle Franz Ferdinand alive, by decentralizing and establishing autonomous countries within the empire.

  • The Emperor: Starts off as the Emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, in a tradition spanning since from 1273, when Rudolf I von Habsburg became the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • The Good King: Is attempting to establish an Imperial Federation, where all the ethnic groups that compose his Empire are equal. He can also establish a pretty social government for it's citizens. He has even been considered for sainthood in real life.
  • Good Is Not Soft: To form Danubian Federation/United States of Greater Austria, Karl has to take extreme measures and crush the Hungarian nation as they rebel against Vienna's attempts to federalize the country.
  • King Bob the Nth: Austria and Hungary have different names for their equipment, and the same goes for their leader, being known as Karl I von Habsburg-Lothringen in Austria, but as Habsburg-Lotaringiai IV Karoly in HungaryNote .
  • Reluctant Ruler: Initially was this, as he wasn't prepared to be the emperor of the Austrian Empire, a job that was intended instead for his uncle Franz Ferdinand, however with uncle's assassination and the death of his grand-uncle Franz Joseph, he had to assume the throne and lead the Empire.
  • Spared by the Adaptation: In Real Life, Karl I lost his throne following Austria-Hungary's defeat in World War I. After two failed restoration attempts, the Allied Forces forced him into exile on the island of Madeira (controlled by Portugal). He would die there, three and a half years after losing his throne, due to bronchitis and severe pneumonia. Since the Central Powers won WWI however, Karl gets to keep his throne and his health. Yet even though he lives to see the events of the main game, he will still succumb to bronchitis as per OTL and die.

Otto I

Emperor Otto von Habsburg-Lothringen has succeeded his father, Karl, as monarch of Austria. Otto, despite his young age, has grand ambitions of an Empire whose disparate peoples share but one national identity. His laconic speech, perhaps slightly scandalous love-life, and youthful charm have culminated in Otto garnering frequent media attention.

The only son of Emperor Karl I, Otto will come to the throne a young man who will come to continue, or even finish his father's work in establishing an Imperial Federation.

  • A Child Shall Lead Them: In earlier versions of Kaiserreich, Karl I still died at his original death date, meaning that Otto would have become Kaiser and King of Austria-Hungary just eight months shy of his tenth birthday. Averted in current versions, as he would be in his mid-thirties by the time of his ascension to the throne.
  • The Emperor: Succeeds his father as Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary.
  • The Good King: As much so, if not more so than his father, considering he is also seeking to federalize the Empire.
  • King Bob the Nth: Interestingly, although styled as King Otto of Hungary, he isn't the only King named Otto who ruled in Hungary. However, unlike the current Otto, he styled himself as King Béla V instead. Also of note was that he was baptised as Franz Joseph Otto as Karl was trying to promote the young man as Franz Joseph II, although it didn't stick.

    Kingdom of Hungary 

Kingdom of Hungary



Stjepan Radić

Karl I's representative in Illyria.

  • Irony: In Real Life, Radić was opposed to a South Slavic Union, yet he is serving as the Kaiser's Governor-General in a country that is loosely the Habsburg's variation of Yugoslavia. Downplayed mostly because this union would be more Croat-dominated than Serb-domination, which was the reason of Radić's opposition.
  • Spared by the Adaptation: Was shot by a Serbian radical politician in Parliament and succumbed to his wounds in 1928 in Real Life.



Johann II zu Schwarzenberg

Karl I's representative in Bohemia.



Karl Albrecht von Habsburg-Lothringen

Karol Olbracht Habsburg-Lothringen, Austrian by birth, is a stalwart advocate of Polish independence. When Emperor Karl plotted to annex Polish lands to Austria, Karol Olbracht advocated fiercely against it. Though amicable to his native Austria, as king of Poland, Karol continues to fight for the Polish people.

Karl I's distant cousin, and his representative in Galicia-Lodomeria. He is also one of the potential candidates for the Polish throne.

  • Going Native: Like his brother Wilhelm (who became Vasyl I Vyshyvanyi), his father wanted him to go native as Polish. Unlike his brother, he did do so, and because of his support for the Polish people in his own lands, he would be offered the throne.
  • Offered the Crown: Is one of four potential candidates to become King of Poland. Should Karl Albrecht become King, he would entrust governorship of Galicia-Lodomeria to his friend, Józef Haller von Hallenburg. Interesting to note, that Karl Albrecht's father, Karl Stephan was also a candidate to the Polish throne during the Weltkrieg (as he was as well in Real Life.)
  • Spell My Name with an "S": Known in the Austrian Empire by his German name, Karl Albrecht. If he becomes King of Poland, he would be styled by the Polish Karol Olbracht.


    Iron Guard Romania 

Iron Guard Romania
Flag of the Kingdom of Romania 

The Kingdom of Romania entered the war with the expectations of the greatest national triumph, but it turned out her greatest national humiliation. Unable to resist the Central Powers' forces, Romania had to cede southern Dobrogea to Bulgaria, as well as supplying Germany and Austria with oil for 90 years. After the death of king Ferdinand in 1927, the military couped the government and installed 6-years old Michael, Ferdinand's grandson, as their Puppet King. However, the military junta was eventually ousted in 1935 by the National Populist Iron Guard, which initially allied with the military. Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, the leader of the Iron Guard, was proclaimed as the Conducător (the Leader) of Romania, while king Michael was sent to exile. The newly-formed Legionary State seeks for revenge to its neighbors for past humiliations and reclaim the lost greatness of Romania, while preserving the new order in the country by suppressing any internal opposing forces, especially the monarchist remnants.

  • Allohistorical Allusion: Given the lack of Nazi Germany in Kaiserreich 1936, some of their traits are present in Iron Guard Romania. They take on a very similar, if more regional role as Nazi Germany.
    • Like Germany in real life, Romania in Kaiserreich was a former power which that was defeated in the First World War, and subject to harsh treaties that caused them to cede their territories to their enemies (Romania lost Dobrogea and the Carpathian passes in the Treaty of Bucharest, while Germany lost a lot of stuff in the Treaty of Versailles). After a period of destabilization, the government was ousted by a revanchist far-right party with an anti-Semitic leader that desires to reconquer their lost territories and possibly gain new ones.
    • In gameplay, Romania, like Nazi Germany, can start off trying to militarily contest a border region that was ceded to their enemies after the First World War (Carpathian Mountains versus Rhineland). After that, they can begin their road to reconquest by first reclaiming territories lost after WWI (Dobrogea versus Prussia), then go on to press for more territories where their ethnic groups live in (Transylvania versus Sudetenland), and then go on to conquer additional territory for more living space for their people (Transnistria versus the whole of Eastern Europe under Lebensraum).
    • The circumstances surrounding Condreanu's rise to power mirrors Mussolini's in real life, where a radical nationalist faction seized power through a coup against a royalist government. Though in Condreanu's case, the royals are ousted outright rather than being coerced into appointing the fascists as the ruling party. Also like Mussolini, Condreanu's Romania is the forerunner for national populism, similar to how Fascist Italy was the forerunner for fascism in Real Life.

Corneliu Zelea Codreanu

  • Assassin Outclassin': If Codreanu nationalizes the Romanian oil fields, Germany may attempt to prevent it by assassinating Codreanu. Unlike many other assassination events, there is no chance of success or option for the assassin to succeed.
  • Historical Villain Upgrade: In real life, Codreanu and the legionaries were incredibly brutal and violent, even by the standards of the other fascist movements of the time. It's not for nothing that they're popularly associated with meathooks. Thankfully, the movement faltered due to Codreanu's death and was eventually crushed after being deprived of his vision and leadership. In Kaiserreich, Codreanu is not only still alive, but his movement is in a much more advantageous position of power than it ever was in real life.
  • A Nazi by Any Other Name: Unlike many other NatPop factions, which are usually ambiguously fascist, the Iron Guard is completely unambiguously fascist and virulently anti-semitic.
  • Putting on the Reich: Codreanu's title of "Conducător" translates to "Leader", much like "Führer" and "Vozhd".
  • Spared by the Adaptation: While Codreanu was executed in 1938 in real life, his death is not so certain in Kaiserreich, and may only come about if the Iron Guard loses the civil war and Serbia agrees to extradite the defeated Iron Guard leadership.

Michael I

  • A Child Shall Lead Them: Michael assumed the mantle of King at six before the Iron Guard seized control. If he is restored, he will usually be in his late teens at most.
  • Rightful King Returns: If the royalist revolt in the Romanian military succeeds, Michael will be restored as King. Alternatively, his father Carol II can be restored as King instead, with Micheal becoming Crown Prince, as happened historically.



  • Cheaters Never Prosper: Cheat on either side for the Greek referendum, and if you get caught then the consequences are either a military takeover that results in the restoration of the monarchy, or a Syndicalist rebellion.



  • Revenge: Serbia created the Belgrade Pact with Romania and Greece to take revenge on Bulgaria, who took territory from all three nations (Macedonia from Serbia and Greece and Dobruja from Romania) after winning the World War I on the side of the Central Powers.



Alternative Title(s): Kaiserreich Austria Hungary


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