Egyptian Mythology is incredibly ancient and complex. It lacked a central authority, with major cities and areas having their own important gods. Myths often got mixed up, with gods having different roles, being combined with others to form new composite gods, and different family relationships as old gods fell into obscurity and new gods rose to prominence.
Ὀγδοάς | Ogdoad note
- Alternate Company Equivalent: To Tiamat and Abzu, as well as Khaos/Chaos and the Protogenoi.
- Eldritch Abomination: Every one of them qualifies, though sometimes they are depicted as either humanoid or animalistic.
- Flat Character: All eight of them, to the point only Kek and Kauket have their separate entry below. This is a given seeing as they are simply primal forces with no characterization and little surviving documents.
- Hermaphrodite: Nenu and Naunet, while the others are gender-flipped.
- Primordial Chaos: Nenu and Naunet again.
- Spell My Name with an "S": Their names could be spelled in plenty of different ways.
- The Old Gods: These are what the Egyptians worshipped before the Ennead replaced them.
- Time Abyss: Double points for this being the case both in Real Life and In-Universe, er- mythology. They are from the oldest surviving records and are the first deities in the whole Egyptian mythos.
𓏏𓍃𓀭 | Atum/Atoum/Atem/Tem note
- A Date with Rosie Palms: This was how the world was created, by him masturbating the universe into existence. It's even squickier in the R-rated version of the myth, where Atum actually ejaculates into his mouth, whereupon he spits out his children Shu and Tefnut. No joke, Egyptian theologians debated for centuries whether the world's first female was Atum's hand or his mouth.
- Depending on the Writer: Other versions of the Heliopolis creation myth take out the masturbation part, stating that Atum created his children by breathing and spitting, or by copulating with his own shadow.
- The Maker: One of several in this pantheon.
𓈙𓆄𓅱𓀭 | Shu note
- Adam and Eve Plot: All the other deities, humans and creatures are descendant from him and his sister.
- Blow You Away: He was the god of air and wind.
- BrotherSister Incest: With Tefnut.
- "Just So" Story: The story of him preventing Geb and Nut from meeting each other is used to explain why sky is separate from land.
- King of Beasts: He is the god of male African lions, though unlike his sister/wife he isn't portrayed with an animal head.
- Parental Marriage Veto: He does not approve his children Geb and Nut from marrying each other, and literally keeps them apart by standing between them◊. They manage to conceive several children before being separated forever.
𓏏𓆑𓈖𓏏𓆘 | Θέφνις | Tefnut note
- Adam and Eve Plot: All the other deities, humans and creatures are descended from her and her brother.
- BrotherSister Incest: With Shu.
- Cats Hate Water: Inverted; she's a lion goddess associated with moisture.
- King of Beasts: She is the goddess of female African lions and is depicted with a lioness head.
- Making a Splash: She was the goddess of moisture, dew, moist air and rain.
𓊪𓏏𓎛𓀭 | Φθά | Ptah note
- Animal Motif: Bulls.
- The Magnificent: He bears plenty of epithets that describe his role in ancient Egyptian religion and its importance in society at the time, such as "the beautiful face", "the lord of truth and eternity", "the master of justice and ceremonies" and "the one who listens to prayers".
- The Maker: He's another creator god, though a less squicky one than Atum.
- The Power of Language: In the myths which see Ptah as the creator deity, he conceives reality by thinking it and speaking it aloud.
- The Sacred Darkness: He has elements of a chthonic deity, through his association with the underground and the afterlife. Notably, out of the four statues of gods in the Sanctuary of the Great Temple at Abu Simbel, Ptah's is the only one which always remains in shadow during the days when the sun rays align with the temple's axis.
𓏏𓈖𓋌𓁐| Νηΐθ | Neith/Nit/Net/Neit note
- Archer Archetype: Associated with the bow and arrow as a hunting and war goddess.
- Master of Threads: Due to her symbol being a loom, the Greeks dubbed Neith a goddess of weaving during the syncretisation of Greek myths to Egyptian ones.
- Renaissance Man: The description above is a good indicator that she had power over plenty of domains. Granted, she is a goddess.
- Textile Work Is Feminine: Is the goddess of mothers and childbirth, as well as weaving.
- War God: This is another of her many aspects.
- Women Are Wiser: Also is a goddess of wisdom, among other things.
𓅭𓃀𓀭 | Geb/Seb/Keb note
- Dishing Out Dirt: Well, what did you expect from an earth god?
- Disturbed Doves: Geese are his sacred animals and he is depicted with one standing on his head. Therefore whenever geese flew away, the ancient Egyptians thought something bad was happening with the Earth.
- Father Nature: He's de facto the male Egyptian version of Gaia.
- Gender-Inverted Trope: In most mythologies, the earth is symbolized by female deity while here it's male.
- Green Thumb: Also the god of nature and vegetation.
𓏍𓇯𓈗𓀭 | Nenu/Nut/Nunut/Nent/Nuit note
- Amazing Technicolor Population: She is depicted with blue skin.
- Celestial Body: Possibly the Ur-Example, she has stars drawn on her "skin" .
- Gender-Inverted Trope: In most mythologies, the sky is symbolized by male deity while here it's female.
- It Is Pronounced "Tro-PAY": Her name is pronounced "noot" or "newt".
- She's Got Legs: A justified example, her long and slender proportions create a dome which symbolizes the sky and cosmos above the Earth.
𓎡𓎡𓏭𓅱𓇰𓀯 | Kek/Kuk/Keku/Kekui note
𓇋𓏠𓈖𓁩 | Ἄμμων | Amun/Amon/Ammon/Amen note
𓂋𓂝𓇳𓏤𓁛/𓇳𓏤𓁛/𓁛𓇳 | Ra/Rênote
- Animal Motifs: He was usually depicted in artwork as a man with the head of a hawk, a scarab (In his form as Khepra), a cat (especially when in contrast with the snake demon Apophis) or a ram. He was also pictured as a full-bodied ram, beetle, phoenix, heron, serpent, bull, cat, or lion, among others.
- Arch-Enemy: Apophis. The serpent came into being from Ra's umbilical cord after the sun god's birth, and the two spent the rest of their lives in constant struggle, Apophis seeking to destroy the world while Ra fought to prevent this.
- Big Good: Ra's existence ensures the existence of light and life. Reality couldn't exist if he died because he's the only God who's protecting reality by fighting Apophis at a daily basis.
- Composite Character: Often him and Amun would be combined into Amon-Ra, especially during the New Kingdom Period.
- Light 'em Up: As the god of light.
- Light Is Good: He's the God of the Sun, and the protector of reality. That said, he also has a bit of a dark side, such as when he sent Sekhmet to destroy mortals who were conspiring against him.
- The Power of the Sun: He was thought to embody its positive, life-giving qualities and traveled on a solar barge.
- Shapeshifter: During dawn and the morning hours, he's depicted as a Scarab who pushes the sun upwards; at noon; he becomes the iconic eagle-man, and finally, at dusk, he becomes the more human Atum, the God of the setting sun.
- Top God: Naturally, as king of the gods. After Isis' coup, he remained king of the heavens but ceded the Earth to Horus, and concentrated his efforts on the battle with Apep.
- You Can't Fight Fate: He tried to avert a prophecy that a child of the sky goddess, Nut, would be evil, by forbidding her from having children on any day of the year. Thoth gambled with the moon and won moonlight to create five extra days so Nut could give birth anyway (hence why the Egyptian calendar had twelve months of 30 days even, and an extra thirteenth month of just five days). In the end, Nut's children, particularly Isis, did end up usurping him.
𓎛𓈎𓏏𓆏𓋾𓈎𓏏𓁐𓎟 | Heqet/Heket/Heqtit note
- Alternate Company Equivalent: To Hecate, as mentioned above. Though Heqet predates her and possibly inspired her, notice that their names are almost identically written.
- Frog Men: Played with, in that she was usually portrayed as a regular human divine being instead ◊. Worth knowing is that she is a "younger" deity than Kek, who is a primordial entity and thus he's the true Ur-Example.
𓊨𓁹𓀭 | Osiris/Wesir note
Osiris is the god of the afterlife, of the fertile vegetation of the Nile valley, and of resurrection and rebirth. He is the son of the primordial earth god Geb and sky goddess Nut, along with his siblings Isis, Nephthys, and Set. Along with his Isis and Anubis, he oversees the weighing of the heart and lets souls enter the afterlife if they pass the test. He is a very prominent example of a Life-Death-Rebirth god. He was the king of Egypt after his father Geb (or in other versions Ra) stepped down. Set tricked him into entering a coffin and killed him by throwing him into the Nile. When his wife Isis managed to find the body, Set tore it apart, scattering his pieces across Egypt. His pieces were found and he was eventually resurrected thanks to the efforts of Isis and Anubis. Yet, because he had died, he stayed in the land of the dead, becoming its ruler.
- Adaptational Heroism: In earlier myths he's not as benevolent as in the Osirian cycle.
- Animal Motif: Frogs.
- Amazing Technicolor Population: Has greenish skin in most artwork, representing his dominion over life and fertility.
- Back from the Dead: As a result of Isis' magic.
- BrotherSister Incest: His wife Isis is most commonly also his sister.
- Destination Host Unreachable: After being murdered by Set, Osiris was resurrected twice but couldn't stay in our world either time. The first time, he died almost immediately after having sex with Isis and impregnating her with Horus. The second time, he was shuffled off to the underworld to rule over the dead. This wasn't such a bad deal for him, though, as in Egyptian mythology the underworld is a pretty nice place, more akin to heaven than to other mythological underworlds. And Osiris stayed a powerful god and was venerated by the people of Egypt as one of their chief deities.
- Distressed Dude: The Ur-Example. A central point of Egyptian mythology is the story of Isis having to rescue him (and resurrect him with the help of Anubis) after he had been killed by Set.
- God of the Dead: He was the main god of the dead, ruling over the spirits of the virtuous in the afterlife of the Field of Reeds.
- The Good King: His reign as King of Egypt was considered a Golden Age.
- Groin Attack: For sleeping with/raping Nephthys, Seth not only cut him in 14 pieces but also fed his penis to a catfish. In order to conceive Horus, Isis crafted him a prosthetic one from solid gold.
- Inhuman Human: Maybe, as he's usually portrayed as a blue- or green-skinned mummy after his resurrection. He was still able to impregnate Isis, though.
- Life/Death Juxtaposition: He is booth a fertility god ("Lord of The black Sands", referring to the fertile, black mud that the Nile left behind each time it flooded). And the ruler of dead while being Not Quite Dead himself.
- Scales of Justice: Although he's depicted with them less often than Anubis, Osiris is often shown in art presiding over the Weighing of the Heart ceremony, during which Anubis uses the Scales of Ma'at to weigh the deceased's heart against the Feather of Ma'at.
- Too Dumb to Live: He trusted his brother Set, after cheating with his wife. Set, up till then, had been more popular than him for protecting Ra. Even worse in earlier versions of the myth, where he RAPED Nephthys while drunk, and apparently supposed Set would not be pissed off about that.
𓊨𓏏𓆇𓁐 | Ἶσις | Isis/Aset note
- Animal Motifs: She's often drawn with hawk's wings in place of arms, and tends to be accompanied by scorpions.
- Bitch in Sheep's Clothing: Even though she still presented as a benevolent goddess, Isis convinced Ra to tell her his secret name by poisoning him and waiting for him to be too overwhelmed by agony to refuse. She was also depicted as deceitful and manipulative.
- BrotherSister Incest: With Osiris.
- The Coup: After forcing Ra to tell her his secret name, she fired him to step down so Horus could assume the throne.
- Hot Witch: She is the goddess of magic.
- I Love the Dead: With Osiris' corpse, though she also brought him back to life.
- I Will Find You: She had to search for Osiris's body twice (once when he was killed by Set by way of being thrown into the Nile in a coffin, and again when Set tore his body into pieces and scattered them across Egypt).
- Lady of Black Magic: The only god who could compete with her based on sheer breadth and power of spells was Thoth.
- Losing Your Head: After accidentally disrupting a fight between Horus and Seth, thus causing the fight to be declared null, Horus beheads her in a fit of rage and escapes with her head. She gets better later.
- Mama Bear: She went to great lengths to make Horus king and protect him from Set.
- Manipulative Bitch: In one story, Isis secretly sent a snake to poison Ra. While he was in pain, she bargained for him to give her his true name and to let Osiris be his heir. Ra reluctantly complied.
- Necromantic: Using spells taught to her by Thoth, she resurrected Osiris and Horus, though the former was only long enough for them to conceive.
- Not What it Looks Like: In one myth, after one of Osiris' deaths, his coffin was sealed inside a pillar in a noblewoman's house. Isis posed as a nurse to the woman's child to get close to her husband, and grew fond of the boy. One day the mother found Isis had set her son on fire and snatched him away... but those flames would have made the kid immortal, and now he was just like any other child.
- Scales of Justice: Is sometimes depicted assisting during the Weighing of the Heart ceremony.
- Scary Scorpions: Averted. Isis was associated with scorpions, but she was one of the more benevolent deities, and the association is likely to have originated from female scorpions' carrying their young on their backs to defend them, corresponding to Isis' role as a mother figure and her own protection over baby Horus.
𓇓𓏲𓏏𓄡𓃩𓀭/𓋴𓏏𓈙/𓊃𓏏𓄡 | Set/Seth/Sutekh note
- Animal Motifs: We're not sure what animal, though. Possibly an aardvark, otherwise it's just called the 'Set animal'
- Angry, Angry Hippos: The red hippo is one of the animals associated with him. In one of the myths concerning his rivalry with Horus, they both turned into hippos and fought one another bloodily.
- Adaptational Villainy:
- Originally a protective deity, he was gradually demonized when Egypt split into Upper and Lower sections, and as the Horus cult gained in popularity. He was fully cemented as a God of Evil after the Third Intermediate Period, when Egypt was ruled by foreigners who favoured the worship of Seth.
- In modern times, he's always portrayed as more evil in pop-culture, often being lumped with Apep,despite him being just as opposed to Apep as the other gods.
- The Beastmaster: He's associated with many animals, including jackals, hippos, snakes, wild boars, crocodiles, asses, and antelopes.
- Berserk Button: In most myths he murders his brother Osiris, however in some versions it is for more than just mere envy and ambition, mostly because Osiris slept with (or, in some versions, raped) his wife, Nephthys.
- Big Bad: In the Horus myths.
- BrotherSister Incest: With Nephthys.
- Cain and Abel: The most famous story about him involves him arranging the death of his brother, Osiris.
- Cartoon Creature: No one really knows which animal his head was supposed to represent. Either it was completely made up, or the depiction was stylized until it became unrecognizable. Theories include some kind of canine stylized to prevent confusion with Anubis, a donkey, a hyena, or an animal that's now extinct.
- Dark Is Not Evil: Pre-demonization, he was still a destructive deity of desert and storms.
- Depraved Bisexual: Had tried to humiliate Horus by raping him.
- Demonization: Set was portrayed as a good guy in the older myths. Despite his sneakiness, Egyptians still recognized that he was Ra's chief protector against Apep during his journey through the underworld. However, he became increasingly demonized after the end of the New Kingdom period, as Egypt came to be ruled by foreigners (a domain of Set). By the Late Period, he had pretty much taken over Apep's role as the Big Bad of the Egyptian religion.
- Demoted to Extra: Set was originally the central god of his own cult in the Egyptian religion. The Horus myth, in which Set loses the kingship to his nephew, Horus, is theorized by some to explain how the cult of Horus triumphed over the cult of Set.
- Even Evil Has Standards: He hated the vile Apep as much the other gods. So much so, he help Ra defeat him every night.
- Evil Redhead: Was often depicted as one in Egyptian art as his followers were red-haired. Red is also associated with the desert in Ancient Egypt, which is one of the domains of Set.
- Evil Uncle: He is Horus' uncle and has quite the antagonistic relationship with him.
- Evil vs. Evil: Even the more villainous Set of the later myths was still an enemy of Apep.
- FaceHeel Turn: Demonized after the Hyksos invasion. (He was also the god of foreigners.)
- God of Chaos: Associated with chaos, though not to the extent of Apep
- God of Evil: While Set started out as the noble protector of Ra, his murder of his brother Osiris and... intense rivalry with his nephew Horus, along with his association with foreign invaders, chaos, and the desert, led to him being demonized.
- Groin Attack: He is on the receiving end of one in some myths - Horus castrates him. He also delivers one: when he hacks Osiris's body to pieces, he chops off the penis first and feeds it to a catfish.
- HeelFace Turn: After Horus got the throne back.
- Might Makes Right: some versions have him represent this in opposition to Horus's Right Makes Might, the conflict between rule by force and rule by birthright.
- Murderers Are Rapists: He murdered his brother and raped (or tried to, depending on the version) his nephew.
- Order Versus Chaos: Set is a god of chaos, although in a 'riot and disorder' way rather than Apep's 'total destruction' way.
- Really Gets Around: Despite his sterility he was best-known for sexual prowess, to the point it was invoked in sex-related spells.
- In some earlier versions he is hardy sterile at all, given he is listed as the father of Anubis, Wepwawet and Sobek.
- Real Men Eat Meat: Averted; despite being a tough warrior god, his favorite food was lettuce. It was considered an aphrodisiac, and he had fertility problems.
- Trickster God: The Alternative Character Interpretation of Adaptational Villainy and I Did What I Had to Do lends to this as a Lighter and Softer interpretation, with a comparison to Loki of Norse Mythology.
- Voluntary Shapeshifting: An Alternative Character Interpretation of Cartoon Creature above, which also ties in with being a Trickster God: the nonsensical creature head symbolizing transformation at will.
𓉠𓏏𓆇| Νέφθυς | Nephthys/Nebet-hut note
- Adaptational Villainy: Just like her husband. Outside of the Osirian cycle, she didn't trick Osiris into sleeping with her, but instead was raped by a drunk Osiris.
- Animal Motif: She's one of the few Egyptian deities to not have a heavy association with a particular animal, but she does get linked to kites on occasion, as the Egyptians compared their cries to the wails of a mourning woman.
- Bed Trick: Disguised herself as Isis once and slept with Osiris, which was how Anubis was conceived.
- Breath Weapon: According to certain sources, she was capable of breathing fire to incinerate the enemies of the pharaoh.
- BrotherSister Incest: With Set, her husband. Also with Osiris, who she Bed Tricked.
- Darker and Edgier: When associated with the afterlife.
- Dark Is Not Evil: Despite being associated with death, her role was rather to protect and guide the souls of the dead.
- Water Is Womanly: The goddess of rivers and childbirth. In the Horus legend, she provided refuge to Isis after Set dismembered her husband, Osiris, and threatened to kill their child, whom Nephthys raised. The child, Horus, ended up overthrowing Set and becoming the new pharaoh. As a result, she also came to symbolize divine guardianship.
𓇋𓈖𓊪𓅱𓃣 | Ἄνουβις | Anubis/Anpu/Inpu note
Anubis, the jackal god of mummification, judge of souls, Guardian of the Scales, and lesser god of the afterlife, is the most recognizable of all Egyptian gods. His parentage is disputed depending on the source; he is sometimes considered the son of Osiris and Nephthys through an affair, but more commonly considered the son of Set and Nephthys. However, unlike Set, Anubis had great compassion for humanity, and their differences went so far as to lead to Set abandoning him. He later became one of Horus's chief allies against Set. He weighs every dead person's heart against the feather of Ma'at (Justice); if it's too heavy from wicked deeds, the heart gets eaten by a nearby monster, Ammut the Devourer of the Dead. Otherwise, the righteous dead person may proceed to the Afterlife.
- Adaptational Villainy: While by no means evil in Egyptian Mythology, he's often portrayed as an evil death god in pop-culture.
- Animal Motif: He is prominently associated with jackals due to their tendency to hang around graveyards.
- Ascended Extra: Often depicted as the primary Egyptian God of Death in popular media, while the truth is more complicated. There's evidence in the early dynasties of the Old Kingdom that Anubis was originally the preeminent God of Death and the Dead, but Osiris quickly surpassed him. One narrative interpretation is that Anubis stepped down from the position when Osiris entered the afterlife; another is that they actually serve different roles, and while both are gods of the afterlife, Osiris is the God of the Dead (those who dwell in the afterlife), while Anubis is the actual God of Death (the transition process between life and afterlife), which fits with one being strongly associated with kingship even in death and the other with the actual funeral rites, process of mummification, and the many post-life trials described in The Book of the Dead. The latter is further supported by the fact that, rather than having been considered the overseer of the transition between life and death as Anubis is, Osiris was (symbolically) the deceased individual undergoing funeral rites (according to surviving texts, the deceased is even ritualistically referred to as "Osiris" during said rites). It's likely this developed from some areas of Egypt worshiping Anubis as God of Death and others worshiping Osiris, and when the kingdom united a narrative was created that allowed both to coexist.
- Child by Rape: In some versions of his myth, Osiris got drunk and raped his mother; later, after Set abandoned him, Isis revealed that Osiris was his real father and the two took him in.
- Dark Is Not Evil: Despite being a god of the dead and depicted as a black jackal, he's a just god and a pretty cool guy.
- The Dog Bites Back: Somewhat literally. Set was not kind to Anubis and in many versions of his myth abandoned or disowned him. After Set murdered Osiris and took the throne, Anubis became one of the most ardent supporters of the ousted former royals and helped Isis partially resurrect Osiris in order to conceive an heir, Horus, who would eventually oust Set in turn.
- Everybody Hates Hades: Often depicted as a villain in pop-culture when he was far from it.
- Heroic Dog: Positive portrayals of Anubis tend to paint him like this.
- Judgement of the Dead: He played an important role in the process of death, overseeing the judging of each soul and determining if they were worthy of passing on.
- Psychopomp: One of several gods thought to play this role.
- The Reliable One: He was relatively insignificant in Egyptian mythology, standing on the sidelines just doing his job. However, the fact that his image is (obviously) plastered all over tombs led him to becoming one of the most iconic Egyptian deities in modern culture.
- Scales of Justice: Anubis was the "Guardian of the Scales" and primary wielder of the Scales of Ma'at. After death, the deceased would journey to Anubis' Hall of Truths, and there Anubis would begin the Weighing of the Heart ceremony by weighing the deceased's heart against the Feather of Ma'at. The deceased would then make a series of negative confessions before Anubis (with Osiris sometimes presiding), denying that they committed various malicious and disorderly crimes in their life. If they lied, the scales would lose balance and the heart would fail the trial. It would then be fed to Ammit.
- Screw Yourself: In a sense. Anubis' consort, unlike other Egyptian gods, was his female counterpart, Anput. The two even have a daughter, Kechebet, together.
𓎰𓏏𓏏 | Αἴλουρος | Bastet/Bast/Baast/B'sst/Ubasti/Ubaste note
- Animal Motifs: She appears as a small cat or a lioness.
- Beware the Nice Ones: Was originally a savage lion goddess akin to Sekhmet.
- Cat Folk: Possibly the Ur-Example, Bast is a humanoid with a cat head.
- Half-Human Hybrid: Often depicted with the head of a cat and as the goddess of cats.
- Kid-Appeal Character: Ye gods was she popular — like if Betty White and The Fonz starred in a spin-off of Harry Potter.
- Knife Nut: She's sometimes portrayed as wielding one in cat form during her battles with Apep.
- The Lancer: After Set's demonization, Bastet takes his role as Ra's primary champion against Apep.
- The Power of the Sun: Sometimes worshipped as a sun goddess.
𓅃 | Horus/Her/Heru/Haru/Hor/Har note
- Animal Motifs: The falcon. 𓅃
- Blow You Away: The god of the sky.
- Eye Motifs: The Eye of Horus. 𓂀
- Eye Scream: Had one of his eyes gouged out by Set.
- God-Emperor: The Pharaohs were held to be his earthly incarnation.
- Half-Human Hybrid: Had the head of a falcon.
- Hijacked by Jesus: Often shoehorned into the Jesus role, especially by people who watched Zeitgeist. Let's make a couple of things clear: Horus was not born on December 25th (...maybe, though his birthdate was not relevant in cults), and was most assuredly not born of a virgin. He did resemble Jesus in that he was a deity associated with healing and with resurrection - though he only "resurrected" if you go by Greek notions that he was his father, Osiris, reborn.
- Lunacy: Although he was associated with the Sun, he was also associated with the Moon, and it was thought that both were his eyes, the moon being the less bright eye because he was blinded by Set in their battles.
- The Power of the Sun: Another sun god.
- Top God: Horus took his place as king of the gods instead of Ra after Isis' coup. Interestingly, Ra seems to have still held the position in an emeritus sort of way, and retained chief responsibility for fighting Apep.
- You Killed My Father: The source of his feud with Set.
𓌂𓐍𓏏𓁐 | Sekhmet/Sakhmet/Sachmis note
- Animal Motif: A lioness.
- Animorphism: The story of her rampage typically has her showing up as a straight-up lioness (with giant fangs and claws), not as a lioness-headed woman.
- Ax-Crazy: Was initially unleashed upon humanity as a punishment, but the more people she slaughtered only increased her bloodlust, until she threatened to wipe out humanity entirely.
- Blood Knight: Her rampage ended only when Ra got her drunk on beer made to look like blood.
- Gone Horribly Right: The gods unleashed Sekhmet as a standard punishment to humanity, but they immediately started a backup plan when she was getting increasingly high on her own carnage and trying to wipe them out completely.
- Half-Human Hybrid: Often depicted with the head of a lioness.
- I'm a Humanitarian: Hence her being finally placated by beer made to look like blood.
- Jekyll & Hyde: Her alternate form is the benevolent goddess Hathor.
- Light Is Not Good: She was also associated with the sun.
- Names to Run Away from Really Fast: Held titles such as the "Lady of Slaughter" and the "Mistress of Dread".
- The Power of the Sun: As a solar deity, she is depicted wearing the solar disk and uraeus.
𓅝𓏏𓏭𓀭/𓆓𓎛𓅱𓏏𓏭𓊹 | Θώθ | Thoth/Djehuty note
- The Archmage: Only Isis could match him spell for spell.
- Animal Motif: He is usually portrayed with the head of an ibis, and is also associated with baboons.
- Badass Bookworm: Wise, and no less aggressive. There's a reason why the baboon is his symbol, after all.
- Bookworm: Thought to have invented writing and most if not all areas of knowledge.
- Exact Words: Ra forbade Nut from giving birth on any day of the year, which was then 360 days. Thoth used this to his advantage by creating five more days.
- Good with Numbers: Part of his job as when the universe was created was to calculate the optimal placement for everything.
- He Knows Too Much: Apparently kills humans who know too much.
- Lunacy: A moon god. In the Heliopolis Creation Myth, he also gambled with the moon to add five extra days to the calendar, hence 365 days, to allow Nut to give birth to her children since Ra had forbidden her to give birth on any day of the year. (Some traditions give this role to Khonsu instead.)
- Reasonable Authority Figure: When he saw that Nut despaired over not being able to birth her children, Thoth stepped in and helped her.
- The Smart Guy: Well renowned for his intelligence.
𓌴𓐙𓂝𓏏𓏛 | Ma'at/Maat/Ma'et note
- Abstract Apotheosis: Sometimes depicted as an actual deity to be appeased, sometimes just considered an abstract concept that was beyond mortal comprehension.
- Cosmic Keystone: The whole of the Egyptian state religion was dedicated to the protection and preservation of Ma'at, otherwise Apep would devour the universe.
- Distaff Counterpart: To Thoth.
- God of Order: While most gods were considered forces of order, Ma'at is the literal embodiment of order, as she represents balance.
- Order Versus Chaos: Balanced against Apophis.
- Scales of Justice: Ma'at is sometimes depicted in human form helping Anubis and/or Osiris in the Weighing of the Heart Ceremony. This makes sense since the heart is weighed against Ma'at, though it is usually depicted as a feather when on the Scales.
- Winged Humanoid: Is often depicted with feathered wings under her human arms ◊.
𓋴𓃀𓎡𓆊/𓆋 | Σοῦχος | Suchus | Sobek/Sochet/Sobki note
- Alternative Character Interpretation: Depending on where you were, you were liable to hear people describing him as a dangerous monster who was to be feared and avoided. However, were you in the Faiyum (where the seat of his cult was), saying this would likely get you accused of blasphemy and fed to the sacred crocodiles there.
- Ambiguously Evil: The religion flip-flops whether he's evil or not. Then again, seeing as he represents the duality of the river Nile (both the life giving waters, as well as the destructive floods), it's possible he operates on a different morality.
- Animal Motif: Since he's the god of the Nile, he's associated with crocodiles.
- Making a Splash: Due to being the god of the largest river in the world, he qualifies for this trope.
- Never Smile at a Crocodile: Sometimes revered, sometimes reviled, he was rather ambiguous in terms of worship. He brought fertility, but his sacred animal is extremely dangerous, and he was said to take women from their husbands whenever he felt like it.
- Reptiles Are Abhorrent: Zigzagged, read above for more details.
𓉡 | Ἁθώρ | Hathor/Hut-hor note
- The Almighty Dollar: Considered a wealth goddess because of her association with mineral wealth (gold, copper, precious stones), plenty to eat (cattle Food God currency), and abundance festivals. She also gained an association with trade with foreign lands. Another case where Love Goddess overlaps with wealth/money power.
- Animal Motifs: Often pictured in the form of a cow, or a human with cow ears.
- Beware the Nice Ones: Her other avatar is the bloodthirsty Sekhmet.
- Composite Character: A strange case; she seems to have absorbed aspects of other goddesses because she was favoured under the Old Kingdom court, making her an out-of-universe example of The Assimilator as well. This is probably one of the reasons some texts speak of "Seven Hathors" (and sometimes of many more versions of her - as many as 362). In particular, she is known to have absorbed aspects of Bat and an early crocodile god who was worshipped at Dendera.
- Depending on the Writer: Even more so than other Egyptian deities, some aspects of her characterisation (such as who her consort(s) is/are) vary pretty widely from myth to myth, probably because she's a Composite Character. Some tellings also have her involved in creating the world itself in some role or other.
- Fun Personified: She's the Hot Goddess of joy, music, and booze. Basically, she's the goddess of parties.
- Going Commando: May have made a habit of doing this, as one anecdote (described below under Lovable Sex Maniac) has her flashing her genitalia at Ra.note
- Good Bad Girl: As long as she isn't in her Sekhmet guise, anyway. One surviving text compares the goddess Mut to a faithful wife and Hathor to a strange woman who tempts a married man, but Hathor is unambiguously good (as long as she hasn't turned into Sekhmet).
- Hard-Drinking Party Girl: As humorously summed up by Stargate SG-1:Daniel Jackson: Hathor was the Egyptian goddess of fertility, inebriety, and music.
Jack O'Neill: Sex, drugs, and rock n' roll?
Daniel Jackson: In a manner of speaking.
- Hot Goddess: The goddess of beauty and love.
- Jekyll & Hyde: Her alternate form is the savage lioness goddess Sekhmet.
- Launcher of a Thousand Ships: An In-Universe example. She's been paired off with almost every major god in the Egyptian pantheon in different versions of the mythology.
- A Load of Bull: She was often portrayed as a woman with a cow's head.
- Lovable Sex Maniac: Often comes across this way. In one story, Ra was feeling upset after an insult by another god, Babi, and lied on his back alone; Hathor managed to get him to return to his duties as ruler of the gods by flashing her genitalia at him, which sexually aroused him and, for some reason, made him laugh. Order and life were said to be dependent upon Ra's actions, and Hathor thus averted a catastrophe.
- Love Goddess: The goddess of love.
- The Maker: A Depending on the Writer example. Some tellings give her the role of the Hand of Atum, which makes her instrumental in the creation of the world; other tellings give that role to Nebethetepet or Iusaaset. In yet another telling from the Ptolemaic Period, the world results from a coupling between Khonsu and Hathor.
- Really Gets Around: Like several of the other Egyptian pantheon. She had children or was romantically or sexually linked with several different deities, including Ra, Montu, Khonsu, Atum, Amun, Horus, and Shu. She is also more frankly sexual than the other Egyptian goddesses of love or motherhood. That said, Hathor may also be a Composite Character in a sense, as she may have subsumed a number of other goddesses who became regarded as manifestations of Hathor - a number of Egyptian texts actually speak of "Seven Hathors", or less commonly of even more (as many as 362, in fact). As a result, Egyptologist Robyn Gillam refers to her as "a type of deity rather than a single entity", where each specific deity may not have been that promiscuous.
- Sex Goddess: Beyond literally being the goddess of sex, there's also plenty of textual evidence suggesting that she was quite skilled in bed.
- Shameless Fanservice Girl: Judging from the anecdote under Lovable Sex Maniac. She had a pragmatic reason for her actions too, though (namely, preventing the cosmos from falling into chaos).
- Tsundere: A particularly severe example, as she is normally joyful, fun-loving, and affectionate, but saying she has a severe temper is an understatement; her dark side is the Omnicidal Maniac Sekhmet. Egyptians made offerings to her to keep her temper in check, and various mythological texts note that the gods and goddesses played music and danced for her for the exact same reason. Egyptologists hold that the dichotomy between Sekhmet and Hathor illustrates ancient Egyptians' conception that femininity, in Carolyn Graves-Brown's words, "encompassed both extreme passions of fury and love," probably better than any other goddess does.
- You Can't Fight Fate: Possibly averted. She is associated with fate, particularly in stories involving the "Seven Hathors", and ancient Egyptians tended to think of fate as inexorable, but the fates she foretells merely seem to be possible readings of the future. "The Tale of the Doomed Prince" only survives in fragments, and its ending is missing, but the surviving segments show that the titular prince escapes one of the possible violent deaths the Seven Hathors have foretold for him and suggest that he may be able to escape his fate entirely with the gods' help.
𓆣𓂋𓇋𓁛 | Khepri/Khepera/Kheper/Khepra/Chepri note
- Animal Motif: Dung beetles, with which Ra was also associated. The beetle pushing a ball of dung behind itself reminded the Egyptians of the way the sun moved across the sky.
- Light Is Good: Like Ra, Khepri is a benevolent deity, symbolizing the life giving solar light.
- Non-Standard Character Design: While the other deities are depicted as regular humans or people with animal heads and traits, this god has an entire animal as a head.
- Power of the Sun: Another solar god like Ra.
- Scarab Power: The Trope Maker and Ur-Example. When the ancient Egyptians saw dung beetles rolling balls of poop, they thought that up there in the Cosmos there is a divine scarab that does the same with the Sun.
𓊃𓂋𓈎𓏏𓁐 | Serket/Serqet/Selket/Selqet/Selcis note
- Animal Motif: Like Isis, she is associated with scorpions.
- Dark Is Not Evil: However like all deities, it's also a good idea not to get on her bad side.
- Demoted to Extra: Serket is arguably one of the oldest deities in Egyptian mythology and was very popular in the early days of the Old Kingdom, but over time she lost prominence. Her associations with protection, Magic ,and healing lead to her being slowly gobbled up as Isis became more popular. Towards the end of the ancient Egyptian religion's lifespan the few areas that still remembered Serket worshipped her as a local aspect of Isis.
- Lady of Black Magic: Was associated with ritual magic at various points.
- Scary Scorpions: Subverted, she is a benevolent scorpion goddess. Also it's her duty to protect people from venomous stings and bites, as well as heal any wounds and poisons.
- Sigil Spam: Symbols relating to her were very common in the Pre dynastic period, although its not really known if she predated the scorpion motif or if she was created to give a face to an already popular symbol.
- Time Abyss: A real life example, Goddesses with Scorpion Motifs have been found from archeological sites that Pre date the Old Kingdom! and she probably goes back even further than that.
𓏎𓈖𓁷𓂋𓏏𓈐𓅆/𓏎𓈐𓇯𓅆 | Anhur/Onuris/Onouris/An-Her/Anhuret/Han-Her/Inhert note
𓏏𓄿𓅨𓂋𓏏𓆗 | Θουέρις | Tawaret/Reret note
- Animal Motif: Hippos.
- Ascended Extra: Double-subversion; she is not among the chief deities, but she was a well-known household goddess.
- Dark Is Not Evil: Although married to the above-mentioned Set, she is generally a benevolent goddess. She protects women (pregnant women in particular), and she restrains her husband from doing evil.
- Expansion Pack Past: Started off as evil, then regarded as benevolent. She may also be another aspect of the above-mentioned Hathor.
- Expy: Has one in the form of the soul-eating demoness Ammit. Where Tawaret gives life, Ammit takes it away.
- Good Is Not Nice: Sometimes has to lasso her husband to keep him in line and protect humanity.
- Huggy, Huggy Hippos: A protector of pregnant women and babies depicted with the head of a hippopotamus.
- I Have Many Names: Tawaret, Tuaret, Tuart, Reret, Thouéris, just to name a few.
- Interspecies Romance: A very ironic one; she's a hippo, and her lover Sobek is a crocodile. In Real Life, these particular animals do not get along.
- Kavorka Woman: Takes the form of a hippo with pendulous breasts, but she has multiple lovers and is pretty much always pregnant, so she must be doing something right!
- Longest Pregnancy Ever: Seems to always be pregnant.
- Mama Bear: Protector of pregnant women and babies
- Mix-and-Match Critter: Has characteristics of a hippo, a lion, and a human, and sometimes a crocodile.
- Pregnant Badass: Protects women and children, keeps her evil husband in line, and is perpetually pregnant.
- Really Gets Around: Is married to Set, and has Bes and Sobek (and several other gods) as lovers. Sobek seems to be her favorite, though.
- Sympathetic Adulterer: No one seems to have a problem with her cheating on her husband, probably because he is the Big Bad.
𓎸𓃝 | Χνοῦβις | Khnum note
𓂋𓈖𓈖𓅱𓏏𓏏𓆗 | Renenūtet/Ernūtet/Renenet note
𓎛𓐑𓊪𓃒/𓅭/𓐑𓊪𓅱/𓐑𓊪 | Apis/Hapis/Hapi-ankh note
𓋇𓏏𓁐/𓋈𓏏𓁐 | Seshat/Safkhet/Sesat/Seshet/Sesheta/Seshata note
- Animal Motif: Cheetahs.
- Parent-Child Team: She is sometimes depicted as the daughter of Thoth and takes care of the bureaucracy on earth while he is busy keeping the universe running smoothly.
- Renaissance Man: The description above is a good indicator that she had power over plenty of domains. Granted, she is a goddess.
- Women Are Wiser: Also is a goddess of wisdom, among other things.
𓇍𓅓𓊵𓏏𓊪/𓇍𓅓𓊵/𓇌𓅓𓊵 | Imhotep note
- Deity of Human Origin: Was a mortal human in his life, but after his death he was granted immortality and godhood.
- Renaissance Man: Scholar, chancellor, architect, doctor, mage and priest. He designed the first pyramid and the first known architect, engineer, and physician in recorded history. This makes him the Ur-Example of polymaths in general.
𓐍𓈖𓇓𓅱 | Khonsu/Chonsu/Khensu/Khons/Chons/Khonshu note
- The Gambler: A Depending on the Writer/"Rashomon"-Style example. In some versions of the myth, he's the one responsible for giving Nut an extra five days of the year by gambling hours of moonlight and repeatedly losing to her.
- Lunacy: He's yet another moon god like Thoth.
- The Maker: Another Depending on the Writer/"Rashomon"-Style example. In a creation myth from the late Ptolemaic Period, the world results from his coupling with Hathor; another myth holds that he is the great snake who fertilises the Cosmic Egg and thereby creates the world. Khonsu is not involved in some other creation myths, in which the world instead results from an act of masturbation by Atum (usually with his hand personified by a female goddess such as Hathor, Nebethetepet, or Iusaaset). Various myths also hold that Khonsu is involved in some fashion in the creation of all living creatures, and that when he makes the crescent moon shine, women conceive, cattle become fertile, and all mouths, nostrils, and lungs are filled with fresh air.
- Snakes Are Sinister: Averted; he takes on the guise of a snake in some stories, but he is involved in creating life itself and is also a god of healing.
- Time Master: His primary domain is the passage of time.
𓃀𓋴𓄜 | Bes note
- Animal Motif: Ostriches. While the other gods get animal heads, Bes wears ostrich plumes.
- Canon Immigrant: His unusual design was often attributed to being an import to Egypt, but recent archaeological evidence suggests he's actually one of the oldest Egyptian gods.
- Gender Flip: Beset, his female counterpart/aspect.
- Hijacked by Jesus: Was likely Hijacked By Jesus to become Saint Bessus, venerated in northern Italy (they both wear ostrich plumes).
- Non-Standard Character Design: Portrayed as possessing an actual beard, rather than the false one of other Gods and Pharaohs.
𓄋𓈐𓏏𓏦𓃧 | Wepwawet/Upuaut/Wep-wawet/Wepawet/Ophois note
- Animal Motifs: Akin to Anubis, he is depicted as having a canine head. And like his brother, the actual species that is used for Wepwawet is debated- jackal, wolf (living or extinct), domestic dog, etc.
- Palette Swap: In order to avoid confusion with Anubis, Wepwawet is drawn either bluish or grayish in color.
𓃀𓅡𓈒𓃀𓇌 | Babi/Baba note
- Animal Motif: Like Thoth, he is associated with baboons.
- Amazing Technicolor Wildlife: One mural depicts him with a shaggy, cobalt blue coat.
- Ax-Crazy: Babi is feared for his behavior to attack mortals on sight.
- Everything's Better with Monkeys: Averted. He's the god of all African baboons. Angry, horny baboons.
- Gag Penis: He's always depicted with a visible erection, due to being associated with virility on account of male baboons having noticeably high libidos.
- Love God: With testicles large enough to sit on and a sturdy erection, it was sometimes symbolized as the mast of a ferry transporting the souls of the righteous to the fields of Aaru. One spell in a funerary text identifies the deceased person's phallus with Babi, ensuring that the deceased will be able to have sexual intercourse in the afterlife.
- Soul Eating: Another legend says that when Ma'at sorts out the souls of the unrighteous, she hands them over to Babi, who devours them beside a lake of fire.
- To Serve Man: Truer than most baboons, which were known to be extremely aggressive and omnivorous, Babi was viewed as being very bloodthirsty and lived off of entrails of man.
𓇅𓇌𓏏𓆗 | Οὐτώ/Βουτώ | Wadjet/Wedjat/Uadjet/Udjo note
- Cool Crown: Is depicted as one, and also serves as a decoration alongside her vulture counterpart Nekhbet for the pharaoh's crown, which itself also qualifies for this trope .
- Feathered Serpent: A good example that is as old, or even older than the more two famous Trope Makers- the Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican deities Kukulkan and Quetzalcoatl.
- Mix-and-Match Critters: Has been depicted as a winged snake, a snake woman, a bird woman, or any combination of the previous depictions.
- Snakes Are Sinister: Averted, she is a benevolent protector goddess.
Demons, legendary beasts, spirits and miscellaneous creatures
𓉻𓊪𓊪𓆙 | Ἄποφις | Apep note
- 0% Approval Rating: Apep is hated and feared by every god out there. He is so terrible that even other chaos gods detest him, and he is the only deity in the Egyptian pantheon known to have been explicitly prayed against — every recovered prayer about him is about wishing for his hindrance and defeat. There was even an entire guide to opposing him, The Books of Overthrowing Apep, whose prayers described a gradual process of wishing for Apep's defeat and dismemberment.
- Arch-Enemy: Ra, whom he tries to murder every night. Arguably Set as well, who has to fight him every night.
- Attack of the 50-Foot Whatever: One of his most notable characteristics is just how huge he was supposed to be. Pretty much every depiction that exists even has him◊ coiled up in some way in order to emphasis this.
- Big Bad: Of the whole mythos in general. Apep was the chief source of evil and chaos in ancient Egyptian cosmology.
- Cessation of Existence: He inflicts this on those souls he devours.
- Chaos Is Evil: Explicitly described as a being of chaos, and Apep seeks the End of the World as We Know It.
- Dark Is Evil: He was explicitly called the god of darkness, which is a major component of his portfolio.
- Destroyer Deity: Apep is a primordial enemy who dislikes the other gods' creating and ordering of the universe and tries to devour Ra and all light & life every night to return the world back to its primordial chaos. Apep is sufficiently bad that Set, the notoriously ill-tempered and nasty god of chaos and storms (and a frequent "bad guy" in Egyptian myths), helps protect Ra against Apep every night. Apep is notably the only god in the Egyptian pantheon who was prayed against.
- Draconic Abomination: A huge Lovecraftian serpent.
- Dragons Are Demonic: A gigantic evil serpent who opposes the gods.
- The Dreaded: So much so that he was the only deity actively prayed AGAINST, and that there were whole books dedicated to attacking and repelling him.
- Eldritch Abomination: A primordial being born from Ra's umbilical cord that represents everything awful about the world. Also an Animalistic Abomination, since Apep is a being of chaos and destruction in the shape of a massive serpent, and no matter how many times Apep was slain, he always comes back.
- Evil Counterpart: To Ma'at, the Egyptian embodiment of Truth and Order.
- God-Eating: Tries to eat Ra every night, and was believed to briefly succeed in eclipses.
- God of Chaos: Embodies chaos and destruction, in direct opposition to Ra and Ma'at.
- God of Evil: Actually a god who was unquestionably pure evil, and not worshiped at all.
- Hate Sink: In-universe - eh, religion. All the other gods (including Set) opposed him and mortals actively prayed against him.
- Hypnotic Eyes: Used this to lure the gods in before eating them. Only Set could resist it.
- Invincible Villain: Ra can destroy Apep as many times as he likes, but all Ra is doing is merely delaying the inevitable annihilation of light and life, thanks to Apep's Resurrective Immortality.
- Names to Run Away from Really Fast: A few of the titles given by people praying against him include Serpent From The West, Evil Lizard, Lord Of Chaos, The World Encircler, Bringer of Darkness, Devourer of the Sun, Enemy of Ra, and even, simply, "The Enemy." There is evidence to suggest he was also called Eater of Souls, though this title was not exclusive to him. A debatably subverted example would be his epithet Serpent of Rebirth, which without context sounds ambivalent if not pleasant.
- Non-Human Undead: A giant undead snake. Though some descriptions imply that it is an umbilical cord, specifically Ra's, that came to life.
- Non-Standard Character Design: Unlike other deities, Apep was was always depicted as a giant snake (sometimes even with legs) and never as a humanoid.
- Omnicidal Maniac: He sought to reduce the entire universe to a void by destroying all light and life in existence.
- Order Versus Chaos: Firmly on the chaos side, with Ra representing order.
- Our Dragons Are Different: This one's a gigantic snake that wants to eat the sun because he hates all life.
- The Scottish Trope: You weren't even supposed to say his name.
- Snakes Are Sinister: A malevolent being of chaos and darkness in the shape of a snake. Can't get any more evil than that.
- Soul Eating: Any souls who get lost on their way to the afterlife are also devoured by Apep.
- Super-Persistent Predator: Ra has to face him each night, kill him, and then face him again the next night for all eternity.
- The Undead: He lives in the land of the dead and therefore cannot be slain.
𓐥𓂧𓀭 | Medjed note
- "I know the name of that Smiter among them, who belongs to the House of Osiris, who shoots with his eye, yet is unseen."
- Armless Biped: Its depictions don't show it having arms.
- Bedsheet Ghost: Resembles this due to it being depicted without arms, a mouth, ears, nose, neck and even a proper torso. Whether this is how the Egyptians actually thought he looked like, or just their way of depicting the fact that he is unseen, remains unknown.
- Beware the Silly Ones: It may look absolutely ridiculous, but it's a harbinger of divine judgment with the ability to shoot laser beams out of its eyes.
- Eye Beams: One of the only things we actually know about him is that he "shoots with his eye".
- Only Known by Their Nickname: Possibly. Spell 17 begins with "I know the name of that Smiter", which implies that Medjed, which is just Egyptian for Smiter, may be a title rather than a name.
𓂝𓅓𓄈𓅓𓏏𓏦𓀐 | Ammit/Ammut/Ahemait note
- Cessation of Existence: Souls eaten by Ammit simply cease to exist. This is considered a very bad thing by Egyptians, because existence is an important part of their religion.
- Female Monster Surprise: While it isn't obvious at first glance, the ancient texts state that Ammit is apparently female.
- Foil: To Tawaret. They are both goddesses with features of a hippo. Where Tawaret gives life, Ammit takes it away.
- Mix-and-Match Critters: Has the head of a crocodile, the front limbs and torso of a lion, and the back limbs and rear end of a hippopotamus — all animals that the Egyptians (rightly) feared as the most dangerous on Earth.
- Our Demons Are Different: A beastly chimera that eats dead souls.
- Your Soul is Mine!: Capable of eating the souls of the deceased.
𓊏𓊪𓀾𓋹𓈖𓐍 | Σφίγξ | Sphinx note
- Beast with a Human Face: The Androsphinx, which is the "default" species has a human head (mostly male).
- Mix-and-Match Critters: There are two alternate versions, the Hieracosphinx which has the head of a falcon (resembling a griffin/griffon) and the Criosphinx which has a ram head.
- Riddling Sphinx: Averted, as this is the Egyptian version.
- Time Abyss: According to new research, apparently it and the pyramids are from the Old Kingdom (circa 25582532 BC).