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Egyptian Mythology is incredibly ancient and complex. It lacked a central authority, with major cities and areas having their own important gods. Myths often got mixed up, with gods having different roles, being combined with others to form new composite gods, and different family relationships as old gods fell into obscurity and new gods rose to prominence.

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Ra was the primary Egyptian sun god and sometimes creator god. Ra was the king of the deities. During Egypt's brief flirtation with monotheism, Aten (Aton) was raised as the only deity during the Amarna period, to the woe of the Amon-Ra clergy. The pharaoh Akhenaten sought to enhance his own power and depower the clergy. After his death, worship of Ra was made central again. As the most important deity for thousands of years, Ra was often combined with other deities, including the most famous Atum-Ra and Amon-Ra. He had many other names, with each part of the sun or time of day of the sun often having its own name. One of the most common myths about him was that he sailed across the sky in a solar barge during the day and through the underworld at night. He would bring warmth to the day, but faced the dangers of the Eldritch Abomination, Apep (Apophis), in the form of a giant serpent. Due to his important duties, Ra rarely involved himself in the squabbles of his children gods. Overall, Ra was seen as a benevolent deity who embodied the positive traits of the sun, though he was rather aloof, preferring to withdraw from the squabbles of the other gods, except when it came to Apophis.

  • Animal Motifs: He was usually depicted in artwork as a man with the head of a hawk, a scarab (In his form as Khepra), a cat (especially when in contrast with the snake demon Apophis) or a ram. He was also pictured as a full-bodied ram, beetle, phoenix, heron, serpent, bull, cat, or lion, among others.
  • Archenemy: Apophis. The serpent came into being from Ra's umbilical cord after the sun god's birth, and the two spent the rest of their lives in constant struggle, Apophis seeking to destroy the world while Ra fought to prevent this.
  • Big Good: Reality couldn't exist if he died.
  • Composite Character: Often him and Amun would be combined into Amon-Ra, especially during the New Kingdom Period.
  • Light 'em Up: As the god of light.
  • Light Is Good: He's the God of the Sun, and the protector of reality. That said, he also has a bit of a dark side, such as when he sent Sekhmet to destroy mortals who were conspiring against him.
  • The Power of the Sun: He was thought to embody its positive, life-giving qualities and traveled on a solar barge.
  • Shapeshifter: During dawn and the morning hours, he's depicted as a Scarab who pushes the sun upwards; at noon; he becomes the iconic eagle-man, and finally, at dusk, he becomes the more human Atum, the God of the setting sun.
  • Top God: Naturally, as king of the gods. After Isis' coup, he remained king of the heavens but ceded the Earth to Horus, and concentrated his efforts on the battle with Apep.
  • You Can't Fight Fate: He tried to avert a prophecy that a child of the sky goddess, Nut, would be evil, by forbidding her from having children on any day of the year. Thoth gambled with the moon and won moonlight to create five extra days so Nut could give birth anyway (hence why the Egyptian calendar had twelve months of 30 days even, and an extra thirteenth month of just five days).


Hathor/Hut-hor note 

Hathor was the goddess of love, music, drunkeness, motherhood, beauty, and joy. She was an important goddess to women and one of Egypt's most important sky deities. Cows were sacred to her; she is a cattle Food God in her earliest representations. In different stories she is stated to be a wife or daughter of Ra and sometimes the wife or mother of Horus. She had a dark side embodied by the goddess of war, Sekhmet. One of her origin stories is in the ancient text The Book of the Heavenly Cow.

  • The Almighty Dollar: Considered a wealth goddess because of her association with mineral wealth (gold, copper, precious stones), plenty to eat (cattle Food God currency), and abundance festivals. Another case where Love Goddess overlaps with wealth/money power.
  • Animal Motifs: Often pictured in the form of a cow, or a human with cow ears.


Set/Seth/Sutekh note 

Set was a god associated with chaos, storms and the desert. Originally, he served as a powerful protector deity of Upper Egypt. He guarded Ra on his nightly trips to the underworld and was the only god who could defeat the serpent Apophis and resist his hypnotic gaze. When Egypt was unified and the worship of Horus became dominant, Set was increasingly villainized, particularly after Egypt was invaded by a people who identified him with their own chief god. The most famous story about him is his killing of his brother Osiris for the throne of Egypt and his contests with Horus over it.

  • Animal Motifs: We're not sure what animal, though. Possibly a Fennec fox, otherwise it's just called the 'Set animal'
  • Adaptational Villainy:
    • Originally a protective deity, he was gradually demonized when Egypt split into Upper and Lower sections, and as the Horus cult gained in popularity. He was fully cemented as a God of Evil after the Third Intermediate Period, when Egypt was ruled by foreigners who favoured the worship of Seth.
    • In modern times, he's always portrayed as more evil in pop-culture, often being lumped with Apep,despite him being just as opposed to Apep as the other gods.
  • The Beastmaster: He's associated with many animals, including jackals, hippos, snakes, wild boars, crocodiles, asses, and antelopes.
  • Berserk Button: In most myths he murders his brother Osiris, however in some versions it is for more than just mere envy and ambition, mostly because Osiris slept with(or, in some versions, raped) his wife, Nephthys.
  • Big Bad: In the Horus myths.
  • Brother–Sister Incest: With Nephthys.
  • Cain and Abel: The most famous story about him involves him arranging the death of his brother, Osiris.
  • Cartoon Creature: No one really knows which animal his head was supposed to represent. Either it was completely made up, or the depiction was stylized until it became unrecognizable. Theories include some kind of canine stylized to prevent confusion with Anubis, a donkey, an aardvark, or an animal that's now extinct.
  • Dark Is Not Evil: Pre-demonization, he was still a destructive deity of desert and storms.
  • Depraved Bisexual: Had tried to humiliate Horus by raping him.
  • Even Evil Has Standards: He hated the vile Apep as much the other gods. So much so, he help Ra defeat him every night.
  • Evil Redhead: Was often depicted as one in Egyptian art as his followers were red-haired.


Bast/Bastet/Ubasti note 

Bast was a cat goddess associated with the sun, fertility, music, and lionesses. She was very popular with children and the common folk because she protected them and kept their fields safe from crop-destroying pests (which cats do by eating rats and mice). Bast had a whole city (Bubastis) devoted to her cult. Later re-appropriated by Robert Bloch into H. P. Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos. She also appears in Neil Gaiman's The Sandman and as the patron goddess (and namesake) of the Black Panther.


Sekhmet/Sakhmet note 

Sekhmet, Bastet and Hathor's darker counterpart, was a lioness goddess who specialized in war, poisons, and plagues. She was an Omnicidal Maniac and literal Blood Knight, until she was tricked into getting drunk with blood-colored beer. She may or may not be an alternate form of Hathor. Sekhmet was often a protector of the pharaohs and a personification of the darker side of the sun (drought, all-consuming fire etc...).

  • Ax-Crazy: Was initially unleashed upon humanity as a punishment, but the more people she slaughtered only increased her bloodlust, until she threatened to wipe out humanity entirely.
  • Blood Knight: Her rampage ended only when Ra got her drunk on beer made to look like blood.



Nephthys/Nebet-hut note 

Nephthys was a funerary goddess, mother of Anubis (in some stories), and wife of Set. She feared her husband deeply, and as such, abandoned Anubis when Set discovered Anubis' real father was Osiris. She eventually became associated with death and the afterlife after Osiris' cult took prominence, but her original nature is unknown. She was one of several goddesses who welcomed the dead into the afterlife.

  • Adaptational Villainy: Just like her husband. Outside of the Osirian cycle, she didn't trick Osiris into sleeping with her, but instead was raped by a drunk Osiris.
  • Twin Switch/Bed Trick: Disguised herself as Isis once and slept with Osiris, which was how Anubis was conceived.


Anubis/Anpu/Inpu note 

Anubis, the jackal god of mummification, judge of souls, and lesser god of the dead, is the most recognizable of all Egyptian gods. His parentage is disputed depending on the source, but he is usually considered the son of Osiris and Nephthys through an affair, and raised to believe he was Set's son. However unlike Set, Anubis had great compassion for humanity and their differences went so far as to lead to Set abandoning him. Isis took pity on him and revealed that her husband was his true father. He later became one of Horus's chief allies against Set. He weighs every dead person's heart against the feather of Ma'et (Justice); if it's too heavy from wicked deeds, the heart gets eaten by a nearby monster, Ammut the Devourer of the Dead. Otherwise, the righteous dead person may proceed to the Afterlife.

  • Adaptational Villainy: While by no means evil in Egyptian Mythology, he's often portrayed as an evil death god in pop-culture.
  • Ascended Extra: Depicted as the Egyptian god of death in popular media instead of Osiris. Originally he was one of the most important gods of the dead, but Osiris eventually surpassed him. One interpretation is that he stepped down from the position when Osiris entered the afterlife. What likely happened was some areas of Egypt worshiped Anubis as God of Death while others worshiped Osiris, and when the kingdom united rather than get rid of one or the other they made a compromise.
  • Child by Rape: Outside of the Osirian cycle, Osiris got drunk and raped his mother.
  • Dark Is Not Evil: Despite being a god of the dead and depicted as a black jackal, he's a just god and a pretty cool guy.
  • Everybody Hates Hades: Often depicted as a villain in pop-culture when he was far from it.
  • Parental Abandonment: By Set.
  • Scales of Justice: Anubis along with Osiris famously used scales to judge the dead to see if they would ultimately have a afterlife by weighing the deceased's heart against Maatnote .


Osiris/Wesir note 

Osiris is the god of the afterlife, of the fertile vegetation of the Nile valley, and of resurrection and rebirth. He is the son of the primordial earth god Geb and sky goddess Nut, along with his siblings Isis, Nephthys, and Set. Along with his Isis and Anubis, he oversees the weighing of the heart and lets souls enter the afterlife if they pass the test. He is a very prominent example of a Life-Death-Rebirth god. He was the king of Egypt after his father Geb (or in other versions Ra) stepped down. Set tricked him into entering a coffin and killed him by throwing him into the Nile. When his wife Isis managed to find the body, Set tore it apart, scattering his pieces across Egypt. His pieces were found and he was eventually resurrected thanks to the efforts of Isis and Anubis. Yet, because he had died, he stayed in the land of the dead, becoming its ruler.

  • Adaptational Heroism: In earlier myths he's not as benevolent as in the Osirian cycle.
  • Amazing Technicolor Population: Has greenish skin in most artwork, representing his dominion over life and fertility.
  • Back from the Dead: As a result of Isis' magic.
  • Brother–Sister Incest: His wife Isis is most commonly also his sister.
  • Cain and Abel: With Set.
  • Came Back Wrong: Osiris seems to be a cross between Destination Host Unreachable and Inhuman Human.
  • Dark Is Not Evil: For the same reasons as Anubis above.
  • Destination Host Unreachable: After being murdered by Set, Osiris was resurrected twice but couldn't stay in our world either time. The first time, he died almost immediately after having sex with Isis and impregnating her with Horus. The second time, he was shuffled off to the the underworld to rule over the dead. This wasn't such a bad deal for him, though, as in Egyptian mythology the underworld is a pretty nice place, more akin to heaven than to other mythological underworlds. And Osiris stayed a powerful god and was venerated by the people of Egypt as one of their chief deities.
  • Distressed Dude: The Ur-Example. A central point of Egyptian mythology is the story of Isis having to rescue him (and resurrect him with the help of Anubis) after he had been killed by Set.
  • The Good King: His reign as King of Egypt was considered a Golden Age.
  • Groin Attack: For sleeping with/raping Nephthys, Seth not only cut him in 14 pieces but also fed his penis to a catfish. In order to conceive Horus, Isis crafted him a prosthetic one from solid gold.
  • Inhuman Human: Maybe, as he's usually portrayed as a blue- or green-skinned mummy after his resurrection. He was still able to impregnate Isis, though.
  • Scales of Justice: Osiris and Anubis famously used scales to judge the dead to see if they would ultimately have a afterlife by weighing the deceased's heart against Maatnote .
  • Too Dumb to Live: He trusted his brother Set, after cheating with his wife. Set, up till then, had been more popular than him for protecting Ra. Even worse in earlier versions of the myth, where he RAPED Nephthys while drunk, and apparently supposed Set would not be pissed off about that.


Isis/Aset note 

Isis was the goddess of magic, healing, and motherhood. Her struggles against her brother Set to rescue her murdered husband-brother Osiris and secure the throne of Egypt for her son Horus formed a hugely popular saga in ancient times. An annual festival of Osiris was held to commemorate the event, always including a re-enactment of the myth. One of Isis's titles was She Who Knows All Names (a fairly menacing moniker, as name-based cursing was considered lethal by the Egyptians), and indeed, she was said to be the only being who knew Ra's true name.

  • Bitch in Sheep's Clothing: Even though she still presented as a benevolent goddess, Isis convinced Ra to tell her his secret name by poisoning him and waiting for him to be too overwhelmed by agony to refuse. She was also depicted as deceitful and manipulative.
  • Brother–Sister Incest: With Osiris.
  • The Coup: After forcing Ra to tell her his secret name, she fired him to step down so Horus could assume the throne.
  • Hot Witch: She is the goddess of magic.
  • I Love the Dead: With Osiris' corpse, though she also brought him back to life.
  • I Will Find You: She had to search for Osiris's body twice (once when he was killed by Set by way of being thrown into the Nile in a coffin, and again when Set tore his body into pieces and scattered them across Egypt).
  • Lady of Black Magic: The only god who could compete with her based on sheer breadth and power of spells was Thoth.
  • Losing Your Head: after accidentally disrupting a fight between Horus and Seth, thus causing the fight to be declared null, Horus beheads her in a fit of rage and escapes with her head. She gets better later.
  • Mama Bear: She went to great lengths to make Horus king and protect him from Set.
  • Manipulative Bitch: In one story, Isis secretly sent a snake to poison Ra. While he was in pain, she bargained for him to give her his true name and to let Osiris be his heir. Ra reluctantly complied.
  • Necromantic: Using spells taught to her by Thoth, she resurrected Osiris and Horus, though the former was only long enough for them to conceive.
  • Not What it Looks Like: In one myth, after one of Osiris' deaths, his coffin was sealed inside a pillar in a noblewoman's house. Isis posed as a nurse to the woman's child to get close to her husband, and grew fond of the boy. One day the mother found Isis had set her son on fire and snatched him away... but those flames would have made the kid immortal, and now he was just like any other child.
  • Scales of Justice: Is sometimes depicted helping Osiris and/or Anubis in the weighing of the heart.
  • Scary Scorpions: Averted. Isis was associated with scorpions, but she was one of the more benevolent deities, and the association is likely to have originated from female scorpions' carrying their young on their backs to defend them, corresponding to Isis' role as a mother figure and her own protection over baby Horus.


Horus/Haru/Hor note 

The name Horus can apply to any of a half a dozen gods in different roles and relationships. In some stories, he is a brother of Set, Isis, and Osiris. Most commonly, he is thought of as the child of Osiris and Isis. He contested with Set over the throne of Egypt, a struggle lasting decades, before winning. He became a god associated with the sun, moon, sky, war, righteous vengeance, and kingship. The Egyptians considered their pharaoh to be the avatar/personification of Horus on Earth.

  • God-Emperor: The Pharaohs were held to be his earthly incarnation.
  • Half-Human Hybrid: Had the head of a falcon.
  • Hijacked by Jesus: Often shoehorned into the Jesus role, especially by people who watched Zeitgeist. Let's make a couple of things clear: Horus was not born on December 25th (...maybe, though his birthdate was not relevant in cults), and was most assuredly not born of a virgin. He did resemble Jesus in that he was a deity associated with healing and with resurrection - though he only "resurrected" if you go by Greek notions that he was his father, Osiris, reborn.
  • Lunacy: Although he was associated with the Sun, he was also associated with the Moon, and it was thought that both were his eyes, the moon being the less bright eye because he was blinded by Set in their battles.
  • The Power of the Sun: Another sun god.
  • Top God: Horus took his place as king of the gods instead of Ra after Isis' coup. Interestingly, Ra seems to have still held the position in an emeritus sort of way, and retained chief responsibility for fighting Apep.
  • You Killed My Father: The source of his feud with Set.


Bes note 

Bes, a capering dwarfish god who may have been imported from Nubia. He protected children from harm and, as an opponent of evil, symbolized the enjoyment of life. Unlike the other Egyptian gods, he was represented facing forward instead of in profile.

  • Canon Immigrant: His unusual design was often attributed to being an import to Egypt, but recent archaeological evidence suggests he's actually one of the oldest Egyptian gods.
  • Gender Flip: Beset, his female counterpart/aspect.
  • Hijacked by Jesus: Was likely Hijacked By Jesus to become Saint Bessus, venerated in northern Italy (they both wear ostrich plumes).
  • Non-Standard Character Design: Portrayed as possessing an actual beard, rather than the false one of other Gods and Pharaohs.


Thoth/Djehuty note 

Thoth is the god of the moon, wisdom, medicine, astronomy, magic, and writing. He can appear as an ibis, ibis-headed man, or baboon. In one myth he was the one responsible for tricking Sekhmet into drinking blood-colored wine and ending her rampage.

  • The Archmage: Only Isis could match him spell for spell.
  • Badass Bookworm: Wise, and no less aggressive. There's a reason why the baboon is his symbol, after all.
  • Bookworm: Thought to have invented writing and most if not all areas of knowledge.
  • Exact Words: Ra forbade Nut from giving birth on any day of the year, which was then 360 days. Thoth used this to his advantage by creating five more days.
  • He Knows Too Much: Apparently kills humans who know too much.
  • Lunacy: A moon god, in the Heliopolis Creation Myth, he also gambled with the moon to add five extra days to the calendar, hence 365 days, to allow Nut to give birth to her children since Ra had forbidden her to give birth on any day of the year.
  • Mediator: Mediated the struggles between Horus and Set to ensure neither became too powerful, and to bring their violent conflict to an end.
  • Reasonable Authority Figure: When he saw that Nut despaired over not being able to birth her children, Thoth stepped in and helped her.
  • The Smart Guy: Well renowned for his intelligence.


Sobek note 

Sobek, a crocodile-god of the Nile, water and fertility, and occasionally patron god of the army. Seen occasionally as a creator deity, and often associated with Ra.

  • Never Smile at a Crocodile: Sometimes revered, sometimes reviled, he was rather ambiguous in terms of worship. He brought fertility, but his sacred animal is extremely dangerous, and he was said to take women from their husbands whenever he felt like it.


Ma'at/Ma'et/Maat note 

Ma'et, a personification of truth, balance, order, law, morality, and justice, the complete opposite of Apep/Apophis. The feather which symbolized her was used by Anubis to weigh and test the hearts of the dead. She was married to Thoth in some traditions. The order of the cosmos, which Ma'et embodied, was established by Ra at the dawn of time and had to be continually defended from the forces of chaos to prevent the universe from collapsing.

  • Cosmic Keystone: The whole of the Egyptian state religion was dedicated to the protection and preservation of Ma'at, otherwise Apep would devour the universe.
  • Distaff Counterpart: To Thoth.
  • God of Order: While most gods were considered forces of order, Ma'at is the literal embodiment of order, as she represents balance.
  • Order Versus Chaos: Balanced against Apophis.
  • Scales of Justice: Maat is sometimes depicted in helping Osiris and/or Anubis in the weighing of the deceased's heart. This makes sense since the heart is weighed against the Maatnote .


Apep/Apophis note 

Apep (Also known under his Greek name of Aphopis) is the embodiment of chaos and god of darkness, storms, earthquakes, and basically anything harmful. Residing in the underworld where he feasted on wayward souls, he also attacked Ra and his entourage every night as they traveled through said realm, using his hypnotic gaze before trying to swallow them (if he succeed, it was one explanation for a solar eclipse). After the Hyksos invaded Egypt and identified Set with their chief god, many of his characteristics were combined with Set who for a while replaced him as the Egyptian go-to "God Of Evil".

  • 0% Approval Rating: Apep is hated and feared by every god out there. He is so terrible that even other chaos gods detest him, and he is the only deity in the Egyptian pantheon known to have been explicitly prayed against — every recovered prayer about him is about wishing for his hindrance and defeat. There was even an entire guide to opposing him, The Books of Overthrowing Apep, whose prayers described a gradual process of wishing for Apep's defeat and dismemberment.
  • Archenemy: Ra, whom he tries to murder every night. Arguably Set as well, who has to fight him every night.
  • Attack of the 50-Foot Whatever: One of his most notable characteristics is just how huge he was supposed to be. Pretty much every depiction that exists even has him coiled up in some way in order to emphasis this.
  • Big Bad: Of the whole mythos in general. Apep was the chief source of evil and chaos in ancient Egyptian cosmology.
  • Cessation of Existence: He inflicts this on those souls he devours.
  • Dark Is Evil: He was explicitly called the god of darkness, which is a major component of his portfolio.
  • Destroyer Deity: Apep tries to devour Ra and all light & life every night. Apep was sufficiently bad that Set, the notoriously ill-tempered and nasty god of chaos and storms (and a frequent "bad guy" in Egyptian myths), helps protect Ra against Apep every night. Apep is notably the only god in the Egyptian pantheon who was prayed against.
  • The Dreaded: So much so that he was the only deity actively prayed AGAINST, and that there were whole books dedicated to attacking and repelling him.
  • Eldritch Abomination: A primordial being born from Ra's umbilical cord that represents everything awful about the world.
  • Evil Counterpart: To Ma'at, the Egyptian embodiment of Truth and Order.
  • God-Eating: Tries to eat Ra every night, and was believed to briefly succeed in eclipses.
  • God of Chaos: Embodies chaos and destruction, in direct opposition to Ra and Ma'at.
  • God of Evil: Actually a god who was unquestionably pure evil, and not worshiped at all.
  • Hate Sink: In-universe - eh, religion. All the other gods (including Set) opposed him and mortals actively prayed against him.
  • Hypnotic Eyes: Used this to lure the gods in before eating them. Only Set could resist it.
  • Names to Run Away from Really Fast: A few of the titles given by people praying against him include; The Serpent From The West, The Lord Of Chaos and The World Encircler
  • Non-Human Undead: A giant undead snake. Though some descriptions imply that it is an umbilical cord, specifically Ra's, that came to life.
  • Non-Standard Character Design: Unlike other deities, Apep was was always depicted as a giant snake (sometimes even with legs) and never as a humanoid.
  • Omnicidal Maniac: He sought to reduce the entire universe to a void.
  • Order Versus Chaos: Firmly on the chaos side, with Ra representing order.
  • The Scottish Trope: You weren't even supposed to say his name.
  • Soul Eating: Any souls who get lost on their way to the afterlife are also devoured by Apep.
  • Super-Persistent Predator: Ra has to face him each night, kill him, and then face him again the next night for all eternity.
  • The Undead: He lives in the land of the dead and therefore cannot be slain.


Tawaret/Reret note 

  • Ascended Extra: Double-subversion; she is not among the chief deities, but she was a well-known household goddess.
  • Dark Is Not Evil: Although married to the above-mentioned Set, she is generally a benevolent goddess. She protects women (pregnant women in particular), and she restrains her husband from doing evil.
  • Expansion Pack Past: Started off as evil, then regarded as benevolent. She may also be another aspect of the above-mentioned Hathor.
  • Expy: Has one in the form of the soul-eating demoness Ammit. Where Tawaret gives life, Ammit takes it away.
  • Good Adultery, Bad Adultery: No one seems to have a problem with her cheating on her husband, probably because he is the Big Bad.
  • Good Is Not Nice: Sometimes has to lasso her husband to keep him in line and protect humanity.
  • I Have Many Names: Tawaret, Tuaret, Reret, just to name a few
  • Interspecies Romance: A very ironic one; she's a hippo, and her lover Sobek is a crocodile. In Real Life, these particular animals do not get along.
  • Kavorka Woman: Takes the form of a hippo with pendulous breasts, but she has multiple lovers and is pretty much always pregnant, so she must be doing something right!
  • Longest Pregnancy Ever: Seems to always be pregnant.
  • Mama Bear: Protector of pregnant women and babies
  • Mix-and-Match Critter: Has characteristics of a hippo, a lion, and a human, and sometimes a crocodile.
  • Really Gets Around: Is married to Set, and has Bes and Sobek (and several other gods) as lovers. Sobek seems to be her favorite, though.


Kek/Kuk/Keku/Kekui note 

An otherwise obscure frog-headed god that has recently gained popularity.


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