Celtic mythology has Loads and Loads of Characters. These are the most famous ones. For the sake of everyone's sanity, pronunciation guides will be provided for the names.
- Patron Goddess: She is the namesake of Ireland and a modernized variation of her name (Éire) is both a autonym and poetic name for the country.
- Rule of Three: She (like many gods in the Celtic pantheon) is apart of a triumvirate of goddesses with her sisters Banba and Fódla.
- Meddling Parents: Absolutely DEVOTED to her son, Bres in Cath Maige Tuired, giving him land for his kingship and supporting him even after he's removed from the kingship.
Lugh Lámhfhada (LOO lam-Foddah)
- The Ace: Of course. He got into the Tuatha de Danaan solely because while they had masters of all fields, none were a master in all fields like him.
- Bitch in Sheep's Clothing: In SOME stories, though not all, that shining exterior hides something much, much darker.
- Combo Platter Powers: Comes with the territory of being an ace.
- Light Is Good: God of the light in general, and fertility. Getting any "evil" vibes from that? Even if he is not the Sun god as previously thought, a role that might actually belong to his foe, Balor of the Evil Eye, he still represents the light of the thunder flashes.
- Pretty Boy: A common trend in Celtic mythology.
- Really Gets Around: And nobody minds.
- Shock and Awe: A popular interpretation is that he is actually some sort of thunder god, with his name more or less meaning "lightning flash".
- Smart People Play Chess: Lugh didn't just play chess—he invented it (or it's Celtic precursor, fidchell, rather)
- The Chessmaster: Absolutely ruthless in pursuit of his aims, as shown in Oidheadh Chloinne Tuireann.
- Warrior Poet: Literally a warrior and a poet. The Irish love the trope's version as well.
- Mother Goddess
- Rule of Three: She is sometimes conflated with The Mórrígan and Anand (Anu) as a triplicate goddess.
- Sadly Mythtaken: It has been suggested that her existence is due entirely to a misunderstanding brought on by Tuatha dé, the name the Tuatha dé Danann were originally known by (lit. "Tribe of the Gods"), which was also the term used for the Israelites.
The Morrígan (MORE-ree-gun)
- Blood Knight: Unusual in that she's a bloodthirsty female deity, and uses her wits to cause bloodbaths instead of solve them. She draws a marked parallel with Kali in that respect; the pattern is also similar to Enyo, goddess of destruction in Greek Mythology, who did the same thing.
- The Chessmaster: If you want to completely ruin someone (even if they don't deserve it), you've got to be smart.
- Color-Coded for Your Convenience: Modern artists portray her dressed in black with black hair, when in the actual myths her hair and clothes were frequently red—red was the ancient Celtic color of death. The former isn't wrong, though, since it's more of a Palette Swap than an actual mistake.
- Creepy Crows: An Older Than Print example - The Morrígan was associated with both crows and the deluge of corpses left on a battlefield. Crows' tendencies to feast on a battlefield's corpses matched a belief that she would gather the souls of the dead after a battle in "the Morrígan's harvest". It was a crow landing on Cú Chulainn's shoulder while he tied himself to a stone with his own guts than signified to his enemies that was surely now dead. Inversely though, a crow appearing over a battlefield could be an inspiring omen to some of its warriors.
- Cryptic Conversation: Many unfortunates piss her off because they can't understand what the hell she's saying.
- A Dog Named "Dog": Badb took the form of a crow, and her name meant...crow.
- Dark Action Girl: Doesn't get much darker and action-y than her. Though morally she's usually more of a very dark antihero than a villain.
- Dark Is Not Evil: For all that she makes people wet themselves, she is still Chaotic Good, and she will generously reward people who pass her tests.
- Femme Fatale: With her ability in Shapeshifting, there's probably little doubt she could appear as a very beautiful woman whenever she wanted to, allowing her to be one of these, and she was believed to havae possibly outright caused warriors to be killed in battle - don't anger her if you meet her, or she'll be sure to make you regret it...oh, you didn't really get what she was saying? You might be better off writing your will right now, just to be safe.
- Flanderization: For some reason, Goths view her as a misunderstood and regal persona rather than the badass, ill-tempered, insanely vengeful figure she is in myth.
- This has also come from the opposite direction of her being imagined as a sort of evil proto-Satan/Demon and/or sadistic psychopath. While it's hard to argue that she's not bloodthirsty she also does reward people who pass her tests, does not only represent death but also fertility (with some theories that she represents the cycle of life itself), most of her kills were other warriors who already fighting on the battlefield, and you usually have to do something directly against her to actually piss her off (though she could be somewhat arbitary at times).
- God Save Us from the Queen!: On one hand, she's an amazon who has no problem trading sex for little things like lifelong glory and prosperity. On the other hand, if you piss her off she will fuck your shit up. She won't just kill you—first she'll ruin everything you stand for as you watch helplessly (but not quite enough to send you over the Despair Event Horizon), and then she'll make absolutely sure your death is long, agonizing, and pointless.
- The High Queen: On a good day.
- Kick the Dog: Some of her punishments are this, especially if the victim doesn't really have it coming.
- In a pretty obscure myth, she was on the receiving end when her son Mechi was killed as a boy. There were three serpents living in his heart that were prophesied to destroy Ireland when he was full-grown.
- Naked First Impression: The Morrígan is said to have been washing herself in a river before the Dagda meets her.
- Names to Run Away from Really Fast: When someone's name literally means "phantom queen," you'd best tread carefully around her.
- Opposites Attract: She's semi-regularly paired with the Dagda and in one Dindshenchas story (Odras), she's described as his wife.
- Pet the Dog: When she rewards someone. She also offered Cu Chulainn immortality but he turned it down.
- Portent of Doom: The Morrígan is inclined to make these to people. She was said to appear before those fated to die in an imminent battle as washing their bloodstained clothing or armor.
- Really Gets Around: Her fertility aspect is overshadowed in modern times by her violent tendencies, but very obvious in the myths. For example, the Dagda slept with her on the condition that she would provide help for a battle against the Fomorians.
- Sadly Mythtaken: Some people compare her to Athena, when she's the exact opposite—Athena was a war goddess who dealt more with strategy, while the Morrígan positively loves carnage.
- Shapeshifting: Could do it, and more than just her signature crow motif! The Ulster Cycle has her appear as a young woman, an eel, a wolf, a heifer and finally an old woman.
- Spell My Name with an "S": Even worse than usual in Celtic myth. She's either the Morrígan/Mórrígan/Morríghan/Morrigu, or Mor-Ríoghain. All of them are technically correct, since they mean "phantom/great queen".
- Spell My Name with a "The": The Morrígan. Understandably, most people drop the "the" since it gets awkward after a while. Still she's kind of a scary lady so we wouldn't blame you for wanting to keep up the decorum regardless.
- Things That Go "Bump" in the Night: She announced her presence by screaming war-cries to wake everyone up. Whoever had the balls to check would be rewarded if they helped her out, or punished if they pissed her off.
- The Three Faces of Eve: Often depicted as a triple goddess, the individuals comprising her being Badb, Macha, and Nemain. Respectively, their domains are war, war, and frenzied warnote .
- Trauma Conga Line: One of her specialties, and the main reason she's so pants-wettingly feared.
- Unusual Euphemism: Characters often make reference to "the Morrígan's harvest" after a battle—that being the eyes, souls, or heads of the dead. After a battle, everyone still alive would clear the hell out to ensure that the Morrígan's "harvest" went peacefully.
- Woman Scorned: One of the biggest examples of Morrígan getting pissed off is the case of Cu Chulainn, who either rejected her or failed to notice her when she wanted him. This led to his end, and the raven that perched on his shoulder after his final battle to inform his enemies that he was dead is widely believed to have been Morrigan herself.
The Dagda (DAY-duh)
- Balloon Belly
- Big Eater: If you have a cauldron that can feed hundreds of people, you probably like eating.
- Big Fun: Basically like the Laughing Buddha Up to Eleven. Some religions like to make their father gods stoic, loving figures or chisled handsome beasts. We got the comical, singing, dancing Dirty Old Man with his ass hanging out of his trousers. And he is awesome for it.
- Biggus Dickus: One of The Oldest Ones in the Book.
- The Big Guy
- Blue-and-Orange Morality: In "How the Dagda Got His Magic Staff,"sees NOTHING wrong with killing three men for what he wants. Also, in The Intoxication of the Ulstermen, it's mentioned that he keeps nine men around him and reanimates them and kills them in a sequence. Like a twisted xylophone.
- Boisterous Bruiser: Often portrayed as this.
- Carry a Big Stick: Has a magical club which could kill nine men with a single strike.
- Hijacked by Jesus: Possibly. Some scholars have theorized that his gruff appearance came from the Christians who recorded Irish myths and traditions; these early historians may have wished to make the Dagda appear comedic and foolish in contrast to their own deity. Even in these portrayals, however, the Dagda was still described as wise, witty, and wily on a consistent basis. Such versions also allowed him to remain a druid schooled in magic, art, and military strategy.
- Instrument of Murder: His magical harp, Uaithne. Not only its music alone could kill, it supposedly came flying to Dagda's hands every time he called it smashing all the people and things it found in its way.
- Magic Music: He was such a skilled musician that he could make people cry, cheer, and sometimes kill them from sheer awesome. Having a magical harp specifically for that purpose didn't hurt.
- Mundane Made Awesome: One of his stories basically consists of him one-upping the Fomoire when they dare him to eat a large amount of porridge.
- Outdoor Bath Peeping: Meets the the Morrígan as she's washing herself in a river. The two of them arrive at an "amicable arrangement" after some negotiating.
- Really Gets Around: Noticing a theme? Notably, he slept with the Morrigan in exchange for her help in fighting the Fomorians. In some retellings he slept with a Fomorian girl instead. With his large stature repeatedly commented upon, his stories tend to have a common theme of Fan Disservice.
- Warrior Poet: Another one.
- The Smart Guy: He was the one who created the original writing system for Gaeilge (Irish) and is a god specifically identified with the concept of eloquence.
Aengus Óg (AYNG-gus AWG)
- Adult Fear: A very deep and jarring instance in 'The House of the Two Pails.' Aengus is unable to help his depressed foster-daughter Enya in spite of his immense efforts to do so, and when she discovers her conversion to Christianity means that she can no longer live with the pagan gods, he watches her die of grief.
- Angst Coma: In 'The Dream of Aengus'. A beautiful woman comes to see him every night in his dreams and plays the harp to him, but he cannot touch her. He goes into a wasting sickness until his parents find the girl in real life.
- Declaration of Protection: He does this a few times. For his foster-son Diarmuid in 'Diarmuid and Gráinne', for his foster-daughter in 'The House of the Two Pails', and for his foster-father's wife Étaín in the 'The Wooing of Étaín'.
- Exact Words: He tricked the Dagda out of ownership of the Brugh na Boinne by claiming that he wanted to stay in the Brugh for "a day and a night." But Gaelic has no articles, so it translates simply to "day and night," which also means "day and night" in the permanent sense.
- Good Parents: He has many foster-children (some of which are the other gods), and loves all of them very deeply.
- Pretty Boy / Hot God: Even among the other gods, his prettiness is notable.
- The Ugly Guy's Hot Daughter: He's the Dagda's son.
Manannán mac Lir
- Lord of the Ocean: Well, he is a sea god.
Nuada Airgetlám (NEW-ah-duh AH-ree-GETCH-lum)
- Badass Transplant: Possibly the Ur-Example.
- The Lancer
- Meaningful Name: Airgetlám literally means 'silver hand', which is fitting since Nuada literally has a silver hand.
- Nice Guy: Pretty much as nice as they come in Irish mythology. Even after regaining his throne from an unpopular king (Bres) after he lost the arm and got a new one, he gracefully steps aside to allow Lugh to take over later on after meeting the guy and deciding he was pretty swell and good enough to lead his people in battle.
- Only Sane Man: Once you take a look at everyone else's track record. He'd often make fairly reasonable requests, such as halving the territory with the Fir Bolg and, after only just having his own arm chopped off, insisting Sreng fight him with one of his arms tied behind his back. On both of those counts his negotiations were turned down.
- The Green Eyed Monster: In some later myths, including an Early Modern Recension of Cath Maige Tuired, he isn't so happy to stand aside for Lugh...
- Archnemesis Dad: He locked his daughter away after a prophecy that her child would destroy him. When his daughter became pregnant, Balor killed several of the resulting babies with only one of them, Lugh, surviving to return to bring him down.
- Big Bad: Of the oldest Celtic creation myth.
- Cyclops: Subverted, the number and placement of his eyes varies depending on the version.
- Deadly Gaze: His trademark power and the source of his namesake, his eye (or one of them) when opened would kill everything he looked at.
- Evil Overlord: Was a tyrannical warlord during his life.
- Large and in Charge: He's described as a giant who towers over his enemies.
- Power Limiter: Wore an eyepatch to prevent his powers from obliterating his own armies. He removed it during combat and when Lugh hit his eye with a slingshot (killing him in the process), it fell through his skull onto the ground and started burning his Fomorian allies, causing their defeat.
- Screw Destiny: When he heard about the prophecy of his descendants slaying him, he decided to kill them all. However, in true ironic fashion one of them survived and eventually got Balor killed.
- Badass Transplant: He was the one who forged a sliver arm for Nuada after it was cut off in battle, effectively giving him the epithet Airgetlám (literally "of the Silver Arm").
- Dr. Jerk: A noticeable theme in works he appears in, ESPECIALLY Cath Maige Tuired.
- Healer God: God of Medicine and father of Airmid.
- Morally Ambiguous Doctorate: In case his treatment of Miach didn't hammer it in, in one of the Dindshenchas tales, he kills the Morrigan's son, Meich.
- Offing the Offspring: Killed his son Miach when Miach fit Nuada's original arm onto back on, proving that Miach was the better physician. Only barely restrains himself from doing the same to his daughter, Airmed, only scattering the herbs that she had gathered so that no one knows all their properties.
- Combo Platter Powers: A major goddess presiding over healing, poetry, and smithwork.
- Continuity Snarl: We know that Brighid is in charge of healing, poetry, and smiths. We don't know much else about her—or we don't know who knows much else about her, because everyone's arguing over who gets her in the first place.
- The Heart: She was so beloved that the Christians adopted their own version of her instead of demonizing her like the rest of the Celtic pantheon.
- One-Woman Wail: When her son, Ruadan, is killed in Cath Maige Tuired, she invents keening.
- Overshadowed by Awesome: Compared to other gods and especially the Morrigan, she gets rather little mention in myth. Similar to Hestia of Greek mythology, it's probably because she's the sane/boring goddess of the home.
- The Power of the Sun: May have been once a solar goddess. Irish and Celtic British mythology are definitely full of them - Étaín, Áine, Sulis, Grian.
The Ulster Cycle
King Conchobar mac Nessa (KOH-na-hu-er)
- 100% Adoration Rating
- A Child Shall Lead Them: Became king of Ulster at age seven, although his mother Ness served as the power behind the throne for the early years of his reign.
- The Chosen One: Conchobor was born as the product of Cathbad's prophesy delivered to Ness, foretelling that a boy conceived at that very hour would become a king. Cathbad wound up as the father simply because he was the closest guy on hand.
- Droit du Seigneur: Conchobar was so beloved by his people that the men of Ulster obliged him to sleep with their wives on the night of their marriage so as to have him as the first in their family. The only exception was Cu Chulainn, who made it very, very clear that he was not to touch Emer, so Conchobor decided to interpret his obligation as literally as possible.
- The Good King: Most of the time, as he wasn't immune to the occasional massive screw-up or two (such as his handling of Deirdre).
- Heroic Bastard: Ness was between husbands (her first husband, Fachtna Fáthach, having been slain by Eochu Feidlech some time before) when she conceived Cathbad, not that anyone was terribly concerned with this.
- Mother Makes You King: When the previous king, Fergus mac Roich, married Conchobor's mother, Ness, she gave him one condition: allow her seven-year-old son to serve as a Puppet King for a year so that his future children could boast a royal lineage. Fergus agreed to her terms, and Ness immediately set about getting Conchobor a 100% Adoration Rating (as much by bribery as by good rulership) so that, when the time came for Fergus to reclaim his kingship, the people of Ulster told him to stuff it.
- Offered the Crown: As Fergus's brideprice for his marriage to Ness.
- Really Gets Around: Had sex with just about every woman in Ulster.
- Royals Who Actually Do Something
- Spell My Name with an "S": Variant spellings of his name include Conchobor, Conchubar, Conchobhar, Conchubhar, Conchúr, Conchúir, Connor, Conor, and Connacher.
- Warrior Prince: One of Ulster's greater warriors, though his people were reluctant to allow him into battle lest he be killed.
- What the Hell, Hero?: While otherwise well-regarded, his execution of the sons of Uisliu in retaliation for Naoise's elopment with Deirdre angers Fergus, Dubthach, and Conchobar's own son, Cormac, so greatly that the three of them immediately defect Connacht and begin waging war on Ulster.
- His biggest out character moment (and most evil one) is when it's revealed he raped Queen Madb in retaliation for her murdering his pregnant wife. Although this only happens in some versions of the story.
- Court Mage: Served as Conchobar's primary adviser
- Druid: Perhaps the most famous one.
- Outliving One's Offspring: By all accounts, Cathbad appears to have not only outlived his son, Conchobar, but all five of his grandsons (Cu Chulainn, Conall Cernach, and the three sons of Uisliu)
- Seers: The deliverer of a number of prophecies, from Conchobor's birth to the tragedy brought on by Deirdre.
Fergus mac Roich (FUR-gus mack ROWSH)
- Abdicate the Throne: Didn't seem to care very much about losing kingship to Conchobar, and even serves under him without complaint until the death of his son
- The Exile: Fled Ulster after the death of his son and the three sons of Uisliu.
- Friendly Enemy: To his foster-son, Cu Chulainn, during the Táin Bó Cúailnge, which causes Medb a lot of headaches.
- Large and in Charge: Described as a rather large man
- The Mistress: Or the male equivalent thereof to Medb. This eventually led to his death, when Ailill finally let his jealousy get the better of him and tricked the blind Lugaid Dalléces into killing him.
- Never My Fault: Is very quick to attribute everything that went wrong in the Táin Bó Cúailnge to Medb, despite his own tendency to constantly undermine her.
- Treacherous Advisor: Fergus was anything but a reliable guide to Medb during the Táin Bó Cúailnge.
- Turncoat: Defected to Connacht out of outrage against Conchobar.
- Wave Motion Sword: Calabog, a BFS said to be capable of slicing off the tops of mountains and slaying entire armies with a single stroke.
Cú Chulainn (KOO KULL-lin)
More or less The Hero of the Ulster Cycle and possibly the most famous hero in all of Irish mythology. Son of Lugh the Long Handed and Conchobor's half-sister, Deichtine, Cú Chulainn was Ulster's greatest champion. He was said to be unparalleled in all aspects, be it in wisdom, strength, agility, or the tendency to transform into a hideous, Lovecraftian monstrosity and go on killing sprees.
- Absurdly Youthful Mother: Cú Chulainn references the slaying of his son in the Táin Bó Cúailnge. Connla was seven at the time of his death, which means Cú Chulainn was at most ten years old when he sired him.
- The Ace: Boy, if there ever was one...
- Affectionate Nickname: Along with "Little Hound" mentioned below, Cú Chulainn has been bestowed the pet name "Cucuc" by his charioteer and close friend, Laeg.
- Angst Coma: "The Wasting Sickness of Cú Chulainn" is an entire story about his year-long illness.
- Berserk Button: Do not threaten the province of Ulster if you want to live. You'll get a Gae Bolg to the torso.
- The Berserker: After warp-spasming. In this state, his already respectable body count usually skyrocketed, including the unlucky allies that were caught in the melee.
- Blade on a Stick: Was given the spear, Gae Bolg, by his combat instructor, Scáthach, who also taught him him to use it. When it pierced an opponent, its barbs opened up inside, killing the victim. It could only be removed by cutting it out of the corpse.
- Blood Knight: The type that lives for dueling, not bloodbaths. In a twist, he always challenges people to duels because that's the surest way to prevent bloodbaths (Cú Chulainn being The Chosen One and all.)
- Bullying a Dragon: Conchobar's 150 boy warriors learned it the hard way.
- Burning with Anger: Cú Chulainn was hot-tempered in a very literal sense.And the snow melted for thirty feet all around him, because of the intensity of the warrior's heat and the warmth of Cú Chulainn's body. And the gilla remained a good distance from him for he could not endure to remain near him because of the might of his rage and the warrior's fury and the heat of his body.
- The Chosen One (Because Destiny Says So)
- Cool Car: His Sickle Chariot was decked out with scythes on the rails and wheel hubs, spikes on the wheel rims and the horses' armor, and "heroic spikes" at the front. It cut bloody swathes through an army, kicked up a spray of flagstone-sized boulders, and left furrows "big enough to provide a fort and fortress" in its tracks.
- Creepy Good: His Warp Spams were, to say the least, unsettling to behold, but he's still counted as a hero.
- Died Standing Up: The reason he tied himself to a rock after being mortally wounded was so he could stall for time and make his enemies still think he was alive. It worked until a raven landed on his shoulder after he actually died.
- Divine Parentage: He's the son of Lugh the Long-Handed, which is responsible for a lot of his badassery. The rest is being The Chosen One.
- Does Not Know His Own Strength: One of his earlier trysts went a bit awry when he accidentally broke a woman's fingers while having sex with her. This did not end well. He also had a bit of trouble taking up arms due to the fact that he shattered just about every spear, sword, or shield Conchobar gave him, as well as seventeen chariots.
- Don't Wake the Sleeper: Once as a child, when someone was once sent to wake him, Cú Chulainn struck the man in the face so hard that he shattered his skull and killed him. Understandably, nobody dared to wake him up ever again.
- Engagement Challenge: For Emer, whom he ends up Happily Married to.
- Expecting Someone Taller: Being a slight, smooth-faced prettyboy teenager, Cú Chulainn is a constant target of this in the Táin Bó Cúailnge. To quote Medb in one retelling of the tale:That? That is the whelp? You mean to tell me this girlish boy is the devastator of my army? I don't believe you. I refuse to believe you. I have better warriors than that in slave collars!
- Full Potential Upgrade: Not just his weapon, but his chariot too.
- Genius Bruiser: Cú Chulainn may be incredibly strong and powerful and an amazingly skilled warrior, but he's also extremely intelligent and cunning, and in fact, judging by his love life, it would seem that he actually values intelligence and good wits far more than he does good looks or skill at combat.
- Heroic BSoD: Several, his most severe being after Emir confronts him and Fand leaves him. Conchobar eventually had to order the druids to wipe the incident from his mind to get him back to his senses.
- High-Pressure Blood: Entering a warp spasm caused him to spray clouds of it from his body.
- Horrifying Hero: While in a warp spasm.
- Hulking Out: His ríastrad or warp spasm. Nightmarish disfigurations aside, the Táin says that Cú Chulainn's body "swelled like a bladder full of breath" until he was "as vast as a Fomorian giant" and strong enough to casually kill, at the very least, 100-500 men with a single blow. Another story, Fled Bricriu (Bricriu's Feast), says that the warp spasm "stretched him until a warrior's foot could fit between his ribs" and made him strong enough to lift an entire castle easily.
- Humanoid Abomination: Even when in human form, he is described in the Táin as having Multicolored Hair, four multicolored dimples in each cheek, seven pupils in each eye, and seven clawed fingers and toes on each hand/foot. He also has blood ties to the Fomorians. Then there's his Warp spasm...
- In a Single Bound: His "Salmon Leap" allowed him to clear fortresses, waterfalls, and miles-long bridges in a single bound.
- Jumped at the Call
- Just a Kid: It wasn't uncommon for Cú Chulainn to be underestimated because of his age.
- Kid Hero: Cú Chulainn's exploits start from as early as age five, and his most famous one (the Tain) occurred when he was only seventeen.
- Ladykiller in Love: Cú Chulainn sleeps with dozens of women and yet was Happily Married to Emer. This is one of the very few mythologies that distinguish his active libido from his genuine love for Emer. Emer is perfectly fine with it because she doesn't feel threatened at all by the other women and knows that it's purely sex.
- Long-Haired Pretty Boy
- Lovecraftian Superpower: The warp spasm. Alongside the horrifyingly lavish descriptions of his transformation, it made him strong enough to casually kill thousands of armed men with a single blow from his sling.
- Mangst: He accidentally killed his only son.
- Muggle Foster Parents: The ancient Irish practiced fosterage as a means of strengthening political ties, and, thanks the the prestige that came with raising the son of a god, nearly half of Ulster jumped at the opportunity to foster him, and Cú Chulainn effectively raised by committee. Foster parents include (but are not limited to) Fergus, Conchobor, Sualtam, Finchoem, Sencha, Blai, Amergin, and Scathach.
- Multicolored Hair: Described as having hair that starts blond at the tips, red in the middle, and brown at the roots, and spikes up when his Superpowered Evil Side comes out.
- Cú Chulainn is said to have inspired the trait of putting lime in one's hair to stiffen it for battle; something started when the men of Ulster tried to imitate the Hound's hair during the warp spasm. Lime in the hair will eventually lighten it, leaving your roots dark with regrowth, the middle hair not yet completely damaged, and the tips being absolutely ruined.
- One-Man Army: The Táin Bó Cúailnge is less Connacht vs. Ulster and more Connacht vs. one incredibly badass teenager. His ríastrad/warp-spasm takes this to absurd levels.
- Only Known by Their Nickname: Although the real name is Setanta while Cu Chulainn means "The hound of Chulainn" (a title he got after killing Chulainn's hound and taking its place)
- Perma-Shave: Cu Chulainn was frequently described as beardless, and even implied to be outright incapable of growing facial hair, which frequently left many opponents to dismiss him as a mere child.
- Pint-Sized Powerhouse: Was decapitating hardened warriors by the age of seven, and had a small stature even in adulthood.
- Power Limiter: Cú Chulainn wore twenty-seven armored tunics bound as tightly as possible with ropes and belts "so that his sense might not become deranged" when he entered his warp-spasm. Considering that his previous spasms lead him to attacking Conchobar's troops, and hat his charioteer Laeg and Ulster's men are unharmed during his subsequent assault, it seems to have worked.
- Pretty Boy: At least when he's not in Warp Spasm mode.
- Really Gets Around
- Rule of Seven: Seven fingers on each hand, seven toes on each foot, and seven jeweled pupils in each eye. According to the Mertowney Mountain Interviews, some versions of the story even describe his signature spear, the Gáe Bolg, as having seven stacked heads with seven barbs each, taking this Up to Eleven.
- Secret Test of Character: He gives one to Emer by testing her wits with riddles, and she passes with flying colors by testing him with her own riddles. This is primarily what he saw in her.
- Smart People Play Chess: Often shown playing fidchell—a chess-like board game invented by Lugh—with Laeg in his spare time.
- So Beautiful, It's a Curse: Cu Chulainn is listed in "The Courting of Emer" as having exactly three faults: "That he was too young and smooth-faced, so that young men who did not know him would be laughing at him, that he was too daring, and that he was too beautiful." Of course, this was less of a problem for him than for every other man in Ulster, who unanimously decided to get him hitched before he bedded half the populace. It didn't work.
- Strong Family Resemblance: One of the more consistent details of ríastrad/warp-spasm is that it causes one eye to swell horribly and fall out of its socket; Cú Chulainn's paternal great-grandfather, Balor of the Evil Eye, was a Fomorian king whose epynonymous eye was described in a similar manner.
- Suffer the Slings: One of Cú Chulainn's signature weapons and listed as one of the twenty-seven feats taught to him by Scáthach, he was so skilled that he could half a flock of birds with one stone and leave the remaining birds alive but unconscious. His warp-spasm takes this Up to Eleven, where he is described as casually killing hundreds, if not thousands of men with a single shot of his sling (called the "thunder feat").
- Superpowered Evil Side: The ríastrad/Warp Spasm. It turned him into a massively-muscled, horrifically disfigured, Fomorian-esque giant that could destroy a battlefield with a single sweep of its arm, but could not distinguish friend from foe and kill anyone in its reach.
- Taking You with Me: Seems to have tried for this while already dead - someone went to behead his corpse, but this caused light to burn around him after which his sword falls out of his hand to cut his beheader's hand off. The light persists until they remove Cu Chulainn's sword hand.
- Too Cool to Live: Invoked - Cu Chulainn was prophesied to be incredibly accomplished, but also very short-lived.
- Training from Hell: With Scathach, on Emer's request.
- Troubling Unchildlike Behavior: Killed his first man at the age of five.
- Unstoppable Rage: When he's in a warp spasm, he will attack friend and foe alikenote
- Unusually Uninteresting Sight: In one of the versions, as mentioned above, Cu Chulainn was monstrous even in human form, but it was rarely addressed at all - people instead focused on his otherwise bishie traits.
- Vague Age: As several tropes state the weirdness of his chronological age, it's pretty trippy that Cuchullain is only six to ten when his main stories happen. (Maybe being a demigod made him mature faster?) Most people bump his age up to the mid/late teens—he'd still die extremely young in his twenties, but not to a fantastical degree.
- Warrior Poet
- Warrior Prince: Was King Conchobar's nephew.
- Wise Beyond Their Years
- A Year and a Day: Cu Chulainn learned fighting skills from the female warrior Scáthach for a year and a day.
- Younger Than They Look: According to the Tain, the Wooing of Emer (in which Cú Chullain is clearly a young man) apparently happened when he was six.
Laeg mac Riangabar (LOYG mack REE-yan-GAHV-rah)
The "king of charioteers" as well as Cú Chulainn's personal one. Laeg is Cú Chulainn's lifelong friend, accompanying the hero on nearly every single one of his quests or battles, down to the very last one.
- Badass Driver: The Best Damn Hero of Ireland will naturally only settle for the Best Damn Charioteer in Ireland.
- No Hero to His Valet: Laeg seems to think of "Cucuc" as much a preening drama queen as he is a hero.
- Servile Snarker: Not afraid to give Cú Chulainn stick, deadly berserker or no.
- Sidekick: To Cú Chulainn
- Spiked Wheels: Drove the Sickle Chariot, which had a large scythe blade attached to each wheel.
Conall Cernach (cone-al CAR-naw)
- Always Second Best: To Cú Chulainn, though he only expressed much bitterness about it during Bricriu's Feast
- Arch-Enemy: Lifelong rival and enemy of his uncle, Cet mac Mágach of Connacht.
- Big Eater: Conall could literally eat an entire calf (and a boar, and a goat) in one sitting.
- Distinguishing Mark: Conall had a crooked neck due to an attempt on his life by Cet as an infant.
- Geas: Conall was forbidden from entering a ford with tainted water. This led to his death, as he had to cross a ford of a river miners used to clean ore when he fled for his life. Upon the violation of his geis, he was frozen in place until could catch up with and kill him.
- Heroic BSoD: Conchobor and Cu Chulainn's deaths shook him so greatly that he quickly lost the strength to even walk, and was forced to turn to Medb and Ailill to care for him.
- The Kingslayer: Queen Medb hired him to kill her husband, Ailill, which he was happy to do in order to avenge Fergus's death. He himself was chased down and killed shortly thereafter for the act.
- Offered the Crown: Was elected for kingship of Ulster after the death of Conchobar and his heir apparent, Cormac, were killed. However, Conall was too emotionally shattered to take up such duties, and instead suggested that Cúscraid should assume kingship.
- The Red Baron: Known as Conall the Triumphant.
- Warrior Prince: Like Cu Chulainn, Conall was King Conchobar's nephew.
Deirdre (DEER-druh) of the Sorrows
- Bureaucratically Arranged Marriage: When Conchobor heard the prophesy, he figured the best solution (as opposed to infanticide, which is what the rest of Ulster was clamoring for) would be to have her raised away from men until maturity, after which she would be wed to the one man no one would have the audacity to challenge - himself.
- Driven to Suicide: After Naoise is killed, Deirdre ceases eating and sleeping for an entire year before finally leaping out of a chariot and dashing her head against a rock.
- Everyone Loves Blondes: Her gold, curled hair is mentioned to be one of the many traits that makes her so desired
- Gilded Cage: Raised in isolation upon King Conchobor's so that men would not fight over her. The only contact she had with the outside world was through her foster parents an old woman satirist.
- Hair of Gold, Heart of Gold: Innocent, honest, and faithful to Naoise until the bitter end.
- The Ingenue: The result of being raised in such isolation
- So Beautiful, It's a Curse
Naoise mac Uisliu (NEE-sha mack ISH-loo)One of the three sons of Uisliu, as well as Deirdre unfortunate lover. Naoise was pressed into running off with Deirdre when she decided she would rather not marry some old king she was unwillingly betrothed to.
- Badass Family: He and his two brothers were said to be able to fend off the entirety of Ulster should they stand back to back.
- Magic Music: His music had a calming effect on cows which led them to produce 50% more milk.
- Raven Hair, Ivory Skin: Deidre wished for a man with hair as black as a raven, skin as white as snow, and lips as red as blood. Naoise not only matched the description, but happened to live close nearby.
- Warrior Poet
- Warrior Prince: Yet another nephew of Conchobar.
- Alas, Poor Yorick: When Conall Cernach came to her with Cú Chulainn's severed head (which he had recovered from Lugaid) and word of his death, Emer washed the head clean, wrapped it in silk, and then broke down crying as she clutched it to her chest.
- Betty and Veronica: Cúchulainn has to choose between Emer (Betty), his wife of many years, and Fand (Veronica), a fairy woman he's known for about a week. Due to a combination of Late Character Syndrome and Emer being shown as a spirited and interesting person in her own right, Fand comes off as a Relationship Sue.
- Deadpan Snarker: When Cú Chulainn bragged that he was strong enough to defend against a hundred men, she called him a little boy play-fighting with his friends.
- Embarrassing Nickname: Emer calls Ireland's Most Badass Warrior "little hound." They are always conveniently alone or out of everyone's earshot when she does it.
- Engaging Conversation: Combined with a Secret Test of Character, since Cúchulainn deliberately invoked it. A paraphrasing of how it happened...Emer: You think you're the only one who can make up shit on the spot, little boy? Bring It.
[Insert a conversation composed entirely of riddles that nobody short of a historian-poet-linguist can understand.]
Cuchulainn: Holy fuck, marry me.
- Male Gaze: There's a paragraph of Cu Chulainn complimenting her looks. By saying that Buxom Is Better, like "she's got really nice tracts of land" from Monty Python and the Holy Grail.Cuchulainn: Fair is this plain, the plain of the noble yoke.
Cúchulainn, to Laeg: When I said, "Fair is this plain, the plain of the noble yoke," it was not the plain of Bray that I praised then, but the shape of the maiden.
- My Girl Is Not a Slut: She was expected to stay loyal to Cu Chulainn while he got to sleep with practically every women in Ulster while they were still married, though she doesn't seem to mind.
- Proper Lady: She is said to possess the six gifts of womanhood: beauty, a sweet voice, needlework, eloquence, chastity, and wisdom.
- Proverbial Wisdom: She is the wisest woman in Ireland... which means she speaks in riddles and metaphors that nobody can understand. In Cu Chulainn, she finally met her match, and during their first meeting, he also spoke to her in riddles to demonstrate it.
- Sage Love Interest: A wise female that tended to speak in riddles nobody could understand. In Cuchulainn, she finally met her match.
Queen Medb (MAVE)
- Alas, Poor Villain: Consider the deeds of the Dark Action Girl in her lifetime. Then consider that she was taken down by a piece of cheese while she was taking a bath. Even Baldr would be saying "WOW, that's a sucky way to go."
- Anti-Villain: She's decent to her own subjects and does have a perfectly good reason to hate Conchobar mac Nessa. However she is still egotistical, hypocritical, and willing to get thousands killed for revenge, and is not unwilling to use family members like chess pieces.
- Arch-Enemy: Conchobar mac Nessa, king of Ulster. Through a marriage arranged by her father, he was her first husband and she left him later on after having one son by him. After a political assembly at Tara, he raped her. (It's probably no coincidence that she required all her following husbands to be without meanness.) She hated him so much that when a druid told her that her son Maine would kill Conchobar, she renamed all of her seven sons so she wouldn't have all her eggs in one basket. Turns out the druid was talking about a different Conchobar.
- Also Ulster, as in the land itself. She made a path through the landscape that would 'forever show her contempt' for the place. We did warn you not to get on her bad side. The legend is she is also buried upright, keeping an eye on her enemies there.
- Black Comedy: See Alas, Poor Villain above. She was killed by a piece of cheese! With a slingshot! While bathing in a lake!
- Dark Action Girl: Defeated all her siblings in combat to prove herself badass, or so she boasts to her husband as they duel with their egos across the pillows. Not an Unusual Euphemism, as it turns out. She also murdered a pregnant woman and later waged one of the most epic wars in Irish legend to steal a bull (still not an Unusual Euphemism) so she'd be more wealthy than her husband.
- Genius Bruiser: Probably, since not only did everyone worth noting inside and outside her kingdom come to her for advice since her judgement was greatly valued, but she also deserved her title of warrior queen.
- God Save Us from the Queen!: Her enemies certainly felt this way about her, but to her own subjects she was wise and fair.
- Hypocrite: She has her final husband, King Ailill, killed after he cheated on her.
- Lady of War: She is the Warrior Queen of Connacht.
- Manipulative Bastard: Her favourite tokens of bribery were riches and sex slaves, and even the off time she fails you can't help but admire how conniving her ploys were.
- My Girl Is a Slut: She made it very clear that if a man wanted to marry her he had to meet the following criteria: he had to be without meanness, fear and jealousy. The last one was because she really got around. She also wasn't above trading sex for bargains with her enemies.
- Pride: It's likely one of the reasons she fell for Ailill was because he was able to match her Awesome Ego. Expect plenty of Badass Boasts to follow.
- Really Gets Around: Any time Maeve is mentioned she's then followed by a list of many husbands and/or lovers.
Scáthach (literally The Shadowy One) is a female warrior and a teacher of warriors.
Scáthach was the daughter of Árd-Greimne of Lethra. She lived on an island (thought to be the Isle of Skye) in a castle, the gate of which was guarded by her daughter Uathach. At this fortress Scáthach trained numerous Celtic heroes in the arts of pole vaulting (which was actually useful in the assault of forts), underwater fighting, and combat with a barbed spear of her own invention called the gáe bolg (literally "spear of mortal death"). Her best-known student was Cú Chulainn, who stayed with her for a year and learned the technique of the gáe bolg.
The Fenian Cycle
Fionn mac Cumhaill (FEE-on mack KOO-al)
- Action Pet: His hounds, Bran and Sceolach, are actually his cousins; their mother was cursed into the form of a dog when she gave birth, resulting in the twins being Mode Locked. They grew up with the combined abilities of humans and dogs, and are sometimes said to be Monster Progenitors for the Irish Wolfhound breed.
- Awesome Mc Coolname
- Cartwright Curse: Fionn has terrible luck when it comes to women. His first wife, Sadhbh, was transformed into a deer by a jealous druid and disappeared into the woods forevermore, his second wife, Maghneis, died under unexplained circumstances, and then his fiance, Grainne, ran off with one of his men on the night of their wedding. Then he took up a lover by the name of Berach Brec, only for her to be killed my the sons of Morna after they turned against Fionn.
- Crazy Jealous Guy: Does not take Grainne's elopement well.
- Despair Event Horizon: Fionn completely dies on the inside after watching his grandson, Oscar die.As to Fionn himself, he never had peace or pleasure after that day.
- Expy: Bizarre example. Look at his description versus Taliesin below and swap out 'Salmon of Knowledge' for 'Potion of Knowledge'. You'd think thumb-based origin stories wouldn't be so common. Of course due to the age of the material there's no way to tell if Finn is Taliesin's Irish counterpart or Taliesin Finn's Welsh one.
- Fallen Hero: From Diarmuid's elopement onward, Fionn begins to go against his former principles, particularly his oath to never seek revenge. Eventually, infighting within the Fianna breaks out, and eventually the people of Ireland turn against him
- Healing Hands: An indirect version: his hands could imbue water with healing properties.
- King in the Mountain: Supposedly sleeping in a cave beneath Dublin, to awaken to defend Ireland in her hour of greatest need.
- Locked into Strangeness: Fionn received his signature white hair when a curse turned him into an old man. The curse was soon broken, but his hair stayed white.
- Only Known by Their Nickname: In a similar way to Cu Chulainn. Fionn's real name was Demna, while he named named "Fionn"(meaning "fair of hair") because of his white hair.
- Our Giants Are Bigger: Some stories depict him as a giant rather than a normal man.
- Warrior Poet: Yet another one.
- What the Hell, Hero?: Fionn's fiann is appalled by Fionn's very passive aggressive murder of Diarmuid. When Fionn confides to his son Oisin that he fears Diarmuid's children will take their revenge on him, Oisin flatly tells him he deserves it.
- The Bard
- Meaningful Name: Oisín means deer, which he was born of.
- Missing Mom: Had his mother torn away from him by the druid Fear Doirche
- No Immortal Inertia: Upon returning from Tír na nÓg to Ireland, though he somehow managed to not immediately die, and even recounted his journeys to Saint Patrick on his deathbed.
- Raised By Deer: For the first seven years of his life, though he was quick to learn language once Fionn found him.
- The Storyteller: The Fenian cycle was said to be relayed to Saint Patrick by Oisín himself.
- Survivor Guilt: Oisín outlived every single one of his comrades, which he lamented to his dying breath.
- Warrior Poet: The greatest in Ireland, no less.
- Year Outside, Hour Inside: After the death of his son, Oscar, Oisín goes to live in Tír na nÓg with Niamh. After three years, Oisín gets homesick, and requests to briefly visit his homeland. Niamh reluctantly provides him a magic steed to return home, but makes him promise not to set foot on the land. Then Oisín sets forth, only to discover three hundred years have passed since his departure. The shock knocks him off the horse to the ground, and the years rapidly catch up with him.
Son of Oisin and Eibhir, Oscar joined the ranks of Fionn's fiann after killing a large troop of invaders with a wooden stick.
- The Ace: Oscar was the greatest warrior of the Fianna, surpasing even his father and grandfather.
- Famous Last Words: "Farewell now to battles and to a great name, and farewell to taking tributes; for every good thing I ever had is gone from me now."
- Heroic Lineage
- Mutual Kill: Is mortally wounded while slaying High King Cairbre Lifechair in the Battle of Gabhra.
Goll mac Morna (GOAL mack MORE-nah)One of the slayers of Fionn's father, and the previous chief of the Fianna. While they began as enemies, Goll willingly relinquished his leadership to Fionn upon defeat, and subsequently one of closer allies
- HeelFace Turn: Became one of Fionn's allies upon defeat.
Caílte mac Rónáin (KYE-che mack ROW-noin)A nephew of Fionn mac Cumhaill and a member of the fianna. He could run at remarkable speed and communicate with animals, and was a great storyteller.
Diarmuid Ua Duibhne (DEE-mud OH DIV-nah)
- Big Damn Heroes: Usually the one to save the ass of Fionn's personal fiann when they'd get into a bind.
- Blessed with Suck: Thanks to his love spot, Diarmuid was forced to become a fugitive for sixteen years.
- Chick Magnet: A literal superpower, one which does not go as well as one might like.
- Deadpan Snarker: Dives into it at times, usually thanks to Grainne.
- Dual Wielding: Typically wields one sword and one spear.
- Expy: Diarmuid mirrors Naoise in many ways, particularly in his fate.
- Geas: Along with the geis Grainne put on him to force him to run off with her, he was also fated to be killed at the hands of his foster-brother-turned-wild-boar.
- Heroes Love Dogs: Very attached to his Irish wolfhound, to the point that he carried its corpse with him for an entire quest simply because he couldn't bear to part with it.
- Hot Consort: To princess Grainne
- Interspecies Adoption: Fostered by Aenghus Óg of the Tuatha Dé Danann
- Nice Guy: The kindest of Fionn's fiann.
- One-Man Army: Can give Cu Chulainn a run for his money - he even once slays three thousand, four hundred men in the span of seven hours.Oisin: The head of Diarmuid O’Duibhne is the head that Fionn asks of you, and were you as many in number as twenty hundred men of full strength, Diarmuid O’Duibhne would not let that head go with you.
- The Red Baron: One of his more impressive titles was the Hawk of Ess Ruadh, likely for his acrobatic expertise.
- So Beautiful, It's a Curse: His Beauty Mark made all women who gaze upon him fall madly in love with him. This later ends up killing him because of injuries he suffered from a boar and Fionn wasn't able to heal him with the magic spring water, as Fionn's jealousy abour Diarmuid stealing Grainn from him caused him to he spill the water from the magic healing spring twice, and while he didn't splill it the third time, Diarmuid succumbed to his wounds by the time Fionn returned to him.
- Stockholm Syndrome: Diarmuid's romance with Grainne is... complicated, and seems to consider her his kidnapper as much as he does her lover.'"O Grainne, white as snow, it would have been a better choice for you to have given hatred to me.
- World's Most Beautiful Woman: Snatched the title out from under Fionn. Although it helped that Fionn was getting on in years by the time Diarmuid joined the Fianna.
Gráinne (GRAW-nyah)Daughter of High King Cormac mac Airt and the World's Most Beautiful Woman. Grainne agreed to marry Fionn mac Cumhaill (unaware of the fact that Fionn was quite past his prime by then), only to run off with Fionn's most handsome underling whether he liked it or not.
Conn (CONE)An Irish High King around the 3rd century A.D., friend of Fionn mac Cumhaill.
- Authority Equals Asskicking: Naturally.
- Because Destiny Says So: The Stone of Destiny at Tara roars when he steps on it, which means he's going to be King, then the god Lugh tells him how long he will reign and the names of the kings to follow him.
- Declaration of Protection: He refused to banish his second wife, even though her presence was allegedly causing famine.
- Did Not Get the Girl: She was banished anyway after Conn's son challenged her to a game of fidchell and she lost.
- Badass Army: Controlled the Fianna at the point in time when Fionn mac Cumhaill was their leader. This is a given.
- A Father to His Men: So much as he'd even go to war on behalf of them.
- The Gloves Come Off: When Mug Nuadat came back after Conn forced him and his forces to flee for Spain, not only did he defeat Conn and divide their land in two in a treaty of his own devising, but then he broke his own treaty and tried to take the rest of the land. Conn was thoroughly not amused at this point and retreated, regrouped and first defeated Nuadat's allies in the north, then marched south and killed Nuadat in a surprise night attack. If he knew what was good for him, he would've stayed in Spain.
- Happily Married: Both his marriages were good, though both ended in tragedy.
- Heartbroken Badass: Probably had a bout of this after his second wife was banished, and maybe after his first wife died.
- Heroic Spirit: Given the perseverance required for those 'Hundred Battles'.
- Hit-and-Run Tactics: Used these well in defeating Nuadat.
- Papa Wolf: to just about everyone, providing they weren't his enemies.
- Romancing the Widow: After hearing his wife had died, a fairy woman sprung up out of the blue and agreed to marry him.
- The Strategist: He had to be, given that he spent most of his 20-50 years (accounts vary) fighting rival tribes off his land, waging full-fledged war against invaders and enemies and helping those who came to him for protection.
First Branch: Pwyll Pendefeg Dyfed
- Brought Down to Normal: Both in-story (a sidhe woman who married a human) and meta, if you believe that she was once a horse-goddess with her Serial Numbers Filed Off.
- Cool and Unusual Punishment: Carrying visitors from the courtyard to Pwyll's hall for seven years.
- Cool Horse: Rhiannon's mount when Pwyll met her. Rhiannon's punishment essentially forced her to become a Horse of a Different Color, and the vanished foal grew up with Pryderi and became his trusted mount. Some believe Rhiannon to be a goddess due to the recurring motif, even though there's no actual evidence in the Mabinogion.
- Deadpan Snarker: Yep.
- Fantastic Racism: Definitely. Strangely enough, Pryderi doesn't get much trouble despite being her son.
- Kick the Dog: She was the figurative dog who was kicked, and there were literal puppies that were killed to frame her.
- Sincerest Form of Flattery: Some Renaissance Fairies have banned the name "Rhiannon" because so many people have it already.
PryderiThe son of King Pwyll and the fae Rhiannon, he is the only hero to appear in all four branches of the epic, Mabinogi.
Second Branch: Branwen ferch Llŷr
- Altar Diplomacy: With Matholwch, a King of Ireland in order to end feuds between the Welsh and Irish kingdoms.
- Death by Despair: She dies of a broken heart from her brother Bendigeidfran's death.
- Domestic Abuse: Is treated quite cruelly (forced into the kitchen, beaten routinely) by Matholwch after Efnysien mutilates his force's horses.
EfnysienThe bad-tempered half brother of Bendigeidfran, he feared that Ireland would gain sovereignty through Branwen's marriage to Matholwch, the Irish king. Thus he mutilated the horses that Matholwch had given Bendigeidfran, starting sour relations between the two nations.
- Heroic Sacrifice: Near the end of the Branch, he sacrifices himself by hiding with the corpses of dead Irish warriors and getting thrown into the cauldron that allowed them to resurrect the dead. He then destroys the cauldron from the inside, breaking it apart, but putting so much strain on his body that he dies in the process.
- Kill It with Fire: Unfortunately, this is how he does in Gwern.
- Would Hurt a Child: He kills Gwern, Branwen's child with Matholwch.
Third Branch: Manawydan fab Llŷr
ManawydanA son of Llyr and one of the seven survivors of the war with the Irish in the Second Branch. He is the second husband of Rhiannon and brother to Bendigeidfran and Branwen.
CigfaThe wife of Pryderi of Dyfed.
LlwydAn enchanter, he was a friend of Gwawl ap Clud, who had been insulted by Pwyll in the First Branch. Llwyd decides to avenge this insult upon Pryderi, the son of Pwyll by sending the kingdom of Dyfed into ruin and decay.
Fourth Branch: Math fab Mathonwy
Math fab MathonwyThe title character (though not the protagonist) of the Fourth Branch of the Mabinogi and king of Gwynedd. For no logically explained reason he had to rest his feet on a virgin's lap 24/7 or else he'd die. The only exception is during warfare. Most remembered for his eccentricity and many unusual acts.
- Badass Family: Great uncle of another famous folk hero, Lleu Llaw Gyffes.
- Baleful Polymorph: His magic of choice.
- Cool and Unusual Punishment: While he is away fighting a war engineered by his nephews Gilfaethwy and Gwydion they then sneak into Math's stronghold and rape his foot-holder maiden, Goewin. In punishment, Math transforms the brothers into a different animal every year, one male and one female, until they bear three offspring together.
- Curse Escape Clause: Has to rest his feet in a virgin's lap 24/7, except when his kingdom is at war.
- Royals Who Actually Do Something: Led his army into battle and finished the war against Dyfed.
ArianrhodThe mother of the brothers Dylan and Lleu Llaw Gyffes. In earlier myths, she was considered a moon goddess.
- BrotherSister Incest: Some variations of the story have her brother Gwydion also being the father of her children.
- Geas: She places three upon Lleu and a large chunk of the Fourth Branch is dedicated to Gwydion finding ways to circumvent them.
- Slut-Shaming: How she felt about her humiliation at Math's court since only virgins were allowed to be his footholder and her recommendation by Gwydion forced her to take a virginal test. This plays into her antagonism towards Lleu and Gwydion.
- That Thing Is Not My Child!: How she feels about Lleu when Gwydion brings the boy to her.
LleuBorn from a lump of flesh placed within a chest after being left behind from when Aranrhod ran from Math after giving birth to Dylan ali Don. He is a warrior and magician, who ascended to the throne of Gwynedd.
- The Ace: Similar to his Irish counterpart, Lugh Lámhfhada, he was skilled in the arts of war and magic. His name even means "Lleu of the Skillful Hand".
- Geas: Had three placed on him by his own mother, at that.
- Nigh Invulnerable: When Blodeuwedd and Gronw conspire to murder him. Blodeuwedd learns that Lleu cannot be killed day or night, indoors or outdoors, riding or walking, not clothed and not naked, nor by any unchristened weapon.
- The Power of the Sun: Like Lugh, he is also sometimes considered a god of light, specifically the Sun.
- Artificial Human: Her legend asserts that she was made from oak, broom and meadowsweet.
- Baleful Polymorph: After he catches up with her, Gwydion turns her into an owl, proclaiming;"You will not dare to show your face ever again in the light of day ever again, and that will be because of enmity between you and all other birds. It will be in their nature to harass you and despise you wherever they find you. And you will not lose your name - that will always be "Bloddeuwedd"."
- Curse Escape Clause: She was made to be this for Lleu. As he could not marry a mortal woman because a tynged (essentially a Welsh Geas) placed on him by Arianrhod. Unfourtunately, this was not the case.
- Your Cheating Heart: She has an affair with Gronw while married to Lleu.
Culhwch ac Olwen
Lludd a Llefelys
LluddA king of Britain whose kingdom faced three plagues once his reign began. He is the son Beli Mawr.
LlefelysA king of Francenote and brother of Lludd. He married into kingship and assists Lludd with the three plagues.
BeliThe husband of the goddess Don, the daughter of Mathonwy. Beli was the father of five sons and two daughters: Amathon, Lludd, Govannon, Gwydyon, Gilvaethwy, Aranrhod and Penarddun.
- Awesome Mc Coolname: Taliesin can be translated as roughly 'shiny eyebrows'.
- Canon Welding: Occasionally he's mentioned in Arthurian mythology as Arthur's bard.
- Literal Transformative Experience: After all the transformation, the lowly, unambitious Gwion Bach starts a new life as Taliesin, a brilliant young man who eventually became a legendary bard and prophet - in some versions of the story, even a protege of Merlin and a member of King Arthur's court.
- Magic Music
- No Pronunciation Guide: 'Tal-yes-seen' or 'Tally-essin'.
- The Smart Guy
- Pretty Boy: His name means "shining brow." And, you know, being so beautiful that Cerridwen instantly stopped being mad at him.
Breuddwyd Macsen Wledig
- Chess with Death: In one of their legends, the Ankou was initially an arrogant and cruel prince who met Death during a hunting trip and challenged him to see who could kill a black stag first. Death won the contest and the prince was cursed to roam the earth as a spirit for all eternity.
- Dem Bones
- First-Born Son: In a local legend in Brittany, he is said to have been the first child of Adam and Eve.
- Reincarnation: In another one of their potential origin myths, he is the first dead person of the year, charged with collecting others' souls before he can go to the afterlife.