Aphrodite of Milos, commonly known as Venus de Milo, is an ancient Greek statue and one of the most famous works of ancient Greek sculpture. Initially it was attributed to the sculptor Praxiteles, however from an inscription that was on its plinth, the statue is thought to be the work of Alexandros of Antioch. Created sometime between 130 and 100 BC, the statue is believed to depict Aphrodite, the Greek Goddess of love and beauty. The Romans knew her as Venus.
It is a marble sculpture, slightly larger than life size at 203 cm (6 ft 8 in) high. Part of an arm and the original plinth were lost following its discovery. It is currently on permanent display at the Louvre Museum in Paris, France. The statue is named after the Greek island of Milos, where it was discovered.
The Venus de Milo provides examples of:
- Art Imitates Art: Salvador Dalí's Venus de Milo with Drawers◊.
- Contrapposto Pose: A dynamic and highly sexualised example, even though her legs are heavily draped.
- No Name Given: While the artist's name - Alexandros of Antioch - was confirmed via a signature on its plinth - the actual identity of the figure is a mystery. Most have settled on it being a depiction of Aphrodite, Greek Goddess of Love, some scholars believe that she is actually supposed to be Amphitrite, Goddess of the Seas and wife of Poseidon.
- Really Moves Around: After the statue was first discovered by a peasant in Milos (the name of the person debated among scholars), it was purchased by the French Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, where it was then repaired and given to King Louis XVIII, who then donated it to the Louvre Museum where it now stands.
- Stock Foreign Name: While the statue is Greek in origin, it mostly know for the Romantic pronunciation (French and Latin) Venus de Milo, naming it after Aphrodite's Roman equivalent.
- The X of Y: Its name is "Venus", the person it supposedly depicts, and de Milo, French for "of Milos", the place it was discovered.