The painting was made in 1874 and is currently in the permanent collection of The Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois.
Odalisque provides examples of:
- Eerie Pale-Skinned Brunette: Pale skin was considered attractive in high-society, and Lefebvre goes so far as to depict her as if she was made of ivory.
- Reclining Venus: The painting depicts a woman reclining nude on a couch. Unlike most examples, she is facing away from the viewer. The painting's very name is itself an alternate term applied to the Reclining Venus trope.
- Romanticism Versus Enlightenment: The painting is a part of what was called the Academicist Movement, an art movement that came after Neoclassicism and Romanticism and attempted to merge both movements.
- Toplessness from the Back: ...and bottomless too.