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Adaptation Amalgamation

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A work is adapted not from one, but two or more different sources, combined into one plot.

This trope has been Launched!
Proposed By:
K.Kloga on Sep 17th 2014 at 5:29:33 AM
Last Edited By:
Basara-kun on Oct 2nd 2017 at 9:31:49 AM
Name Space: Main
Page Type: Trope

Sometimes there are not enough source material/original ideas for a complete work, like a book, or a movie. The result is this: a work adapted from more then one source material.

That method also sometimes used to cover the tracks in cases when plot was meant to be original but is too similar to plagiarism from some other work. The solution is to either purchase rights for something similar (yet not so expensive), or just add additional layers to the story from the other source which will confuse lawyers enough not to tell where it was plagiarised from.

Compare to Crossover, Composite Character and X Meets Y. Often crosses with Dolled-Up Installment, but not always. May be a rare example of Adaptation Distillation and Adaptation Expansion at the same time. May take place IN SPACE!. Also compare Merging the Branches, where the later canon combines several previously mutually exclusive story branches, and Fusion Fic, where the amalgamation only occurs in the fanfiction. See also Cut-and-Paste Translation and its more pejorative synonym Macekre, both mainly for Anime.


Examples

    open/close all folders 

     Anime and Manga 

    Comic Books 

     Fan Fiction 

     Films - Live-Action 
  • A lot of movies are adapted (most of them - uncredited and unofficially) from two novels by Dashiell Hammett, The Red Harvest and The Glass Key, which are actually completely unrelated safe for the same genre and writer.
    • Yojimbo by Akira Kurosawa was this to a lesser extent but spawned A LOT of unofficial adaptations on its own, most of which contain at least one significant moment from The Glass Key and main plot patterns of The Red Harvest. The primary example is A Fistful of Dollars, which was considered a plagiarism of Yojimbo in court. Ironically enough, official remake of Yojimbo, Last Man Standing heavily borrows elements from both The Red Harvest and A Fistful of Dollars.
    • The Coen Brothers film Miller's Crossing also combines these novels by Hammett, but borrows elements from both nearly 50% to 50%.
  • Russian 1995 Movie The Eggs of Doom (Rokovye yaytsa) was adapted from the short novel by famous writer Mikhail Bulgakov, but had many scenes, characters and themes actually borrowed from his most known work, The Master and Margarita.
  • Scary Movie was an amalgam of two separate screenplays.
  • Soviet 1987 surreal cult film Assa was adapted from an unpublished short story and song Hello, Bananan Boy but has excerpts from historical novel The Edge of the Centuries by Nathan Eidelman, which one of the characters reads, adapted as well.
  • RoboCop. Screenwriter Edward Neumeier had written a screenplay about a robot that becomes a cop. When he met fellow writer Michael Miner it turned out that Miner was working on a screenplay about a human cop becoming a robot. They decided to combine the ideas and RoboCop was the result.
  • Any Die Hard sequel is there because all of them were based, mostly, on unrelated source material.
  • Often what is to expect when you have action or horror movie from Bollywood: they have a shortage of ideas in this so they produce tons of unofficial remakes (and they've started to have a shortage there, as well: The Godfather was remade at least 7 times, for example). A particular example is a movie named Commando (no, not that one) by Bubbar Subhash starring Mithun Chakraborti which combines Romancing the Stone with American Ninja.
  • After seeing The Terminator, Harlan Ellison® thought that it was this for his two obscure teleplays for The Outer Limits: "The Soldier" and "Demon With a Glass Hand". If so, it was very minimal, but Ellison sued the filmmakers, succeeded, and had his name added to end credits. Which makes one wonder why he didn't sue the creators of Soldier, which was basically his short story/teleplay "Soldier" recycled in the universe of Blade Runner (which also makes an example of the trope).
  • Blade Runner itself qualifies. The film was based on Philip K. Dick's novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?, but the title and term "blade runner" were taken from the totally unrelated Alan E. Nourse novel The Bladerunner and screenplay adapted from it by William Birroughs, Blade Runner: The Movie. Ridley Scott specifically purchased the rights for the title and both Nourse and Burroughs were credited in the end credits.
  • The screenplay for Naked Lunch is based not only on William Burroughs' novel, but also on other fiction by him (in particular, first half of the movie is mostly based on The Exterminator), and autobiographical accounts of his life.
  • Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles movies of the The '90s (especially the first one) were primarily adapted from the original 1984 Mirage comics (first movie has mostly adapted Rapahel one-shot special and the firs issue) but also included elements of the 1987 animated show (logo, Lighter and Softer approach, color-coding of the turtles and, as well, April being a repoter and rescued by Turtles from street punks).
  • The Lawnmower Man is a rather weird example, which was "adapted" from a short story by Stephen King using it as an In-Name-Only stunt for an original screenplay. King sued filmmakers to remove his name from the credits, and, especially, film's marketing. It is weird because a) King actually liked the film and it has a lot of his common themes in it; b) film actually featured a scene adapted straight from a short story and a dialogue between two policemen taken line-to-line from it.
  • Akira Kurosawa's Rashomon combines elements from two different Ryuonosuke Akutagawa stories. Most of the plot came from "In a Grove", while the framing device (of travelers trapped in a gate because of a rainstorm) and title came from "Rashomon".
  • In 1974, a pair of movie studios, 20th century Fox and Warner Brothers, had the rights to different books about a skyscraper on fire: "The Tower" and "The Glass Inferno". Rather than try to compete with each other the studios decided to team up, combining both books into The Towering Inferno.
  • As a general rule, most live action Superhero movies generally take elements from a few different storylines from that title with mixed results. For example:
  • The film Return to Oz takes elements from two of the Oz books by L Frank Baum: The Marvelous Land of Oz (which does not feature Dorothy as a character) and Ozma of Oz, as well as the 1973 non-fiction book Wisconsin Death Trip as a historical source.
  • Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides is a combination of On Stranger Tides and characters and plotlines from the previous Pirates of the Caribbean movies.
  • After the James Bond movies started running out of novels to adapt, there were a couple which combined two short stories (usually with a bunch of extra stuff added even so). For Your Eyes Only combines the plots of "For Your Eyes Only" and "Risico", while Octopussy combines plot elements from "Octopussy" and "The Property of a Lady".
  • The 2010 Alice in Wonderland (2010) film is based on a combination of Alice's Adventures Underground and Alice Through The Looking-Glass. The sequel is, despite debate, in face only based on ATTLG, as this story included Lewis Carroll's poem "The Jabberwocky" (on which the film is also partly based) as some of its prose. Of course, this is only very loosely based on Carroll's work, as pretty much the only things in common are a couple of character names and the premise of a world Down the Rabbit Hole.
  • Peter Jackson's The Hobbit film trilogy incorporates a number of scenes and elements from The Lord of the Rings that weren't used in Jackson's earlier LOTR films. These include the appearance of the Maiar Radagast the Brown and Saruman deriding him as a weirdo, both of which were related after the fact by Gandalf in The Fellowship of the Ring. It also borrows plot elements from the appendices of The Lord of the Rings and some of Tolkien's writings that were published after his death. Since the studio didn't own the film rights to the latter, they had to do some Writing Around Trademarks. Still, big chunks of the movies (Azog's vendetta, Kili and Tauriel's romance, Laketown's politics) are original material that Peter Jackson's team came up with.
  • The first live-action Astérix film combines plots of several of the comics, including Obelix getting a crush on Panacea as he did in "Asterix the Legionary", the phony soothsayer from "Asterix and the Soothsayer", the Druid conference from "Asterix and the Goths", Getafix's abduction by the Romans to make the magic potion for them from "Asterix the Gaul" and the characters fighting in Gladiator Games like in "Asterix the Gladiator". There is also a number of smaller references from other comics, including a conversation between Brutus and Caesar that is taken from "Asterix and Cleopatra" and the Big Bad, Lucius Detritus is partially based on Tullius Detritus, the main antagonist of "Asterix and the Roman Agent" (Tortuous Convolvulus in the English translation of the comic). The sequels also combine elements from various comics but not nearly as many as the first.
  • Everest (2015) was based on the memoirs of several of the climbers rather than being a straight adaptation of just one, as the previous TV movie about the disaster had been.

     Films - Animated 
  • In a case of What Could Have Been, Disney originally planned on making a film that combined the stories of Reynard the Fox and Chanticleer the Rooster, but it was rejected, so they instead made a Funny Animal version in the 1970's that eventually became Robin Hood. The final version of Robin Hood is technically a combination of the Robin Hood legends and the Reynard the Fox/Chanticleer movie Disney originally planned. Don Bluth later created Rock-A-Doodle in the 1990's.
  • Captain Underpants: The First Epic Movie combines elements from the first four books, including the Captain's origin from the first book, Professor Poopypants as a villain from the fourth, the Turbo Toilet 2000 and Invention Convention from the second, and zombie-fied children from the third book.
  • The first Tintin animated movie combines the plots of The Crab With The Golden Claws, The Secret Of The Unicorn and a bit of Red Rackham's Treasure into one unique plot.
  • Disney's animated version of Alice in Wonderland closely follows the plot of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, but adds characters from Through the Looking Glass, specifically Tweedledum and Tweedledee, the Walrus and the Carpenter, the talking flowers and the Tulgey Woods from "Jabberwocky".

     Literature 
  • The Kalevala is an Adaptation Distillation of lots of otherwise unrelated tales and myths from Finnish Oral Tradition.
  • Discworld
  • In-universe in Grand Central Arena, there's a significant recurring plot point involving a work that's a mash-up of E. E. “Doc” Smith's Lensman and Skylark Series.
  • The Bible and its books are actually an amalgamation of multiple texts. However, there are many debates as to what originated from one text, what originated from multiple texts, how many texts they originated from and so on. For instance, The Pentateuch or The Torah are believed by many scholars to be an amalgamation of four different documents titled as J, E, P, and D by scholars.
  • Judge Dee: The recurring characters come from the author's translation of the first part of Dee Goong An, which was intriguing because of the way it fit Western standards of detective stories better than traditional Chinese ones (the murderer is not known to the audience, the mystery isn't solved by direct supernatural intervention, etc.). The plots of each story were taken from various Chinese criminology texts, with the sources explained in each book's afterword.
  • Geary Gravel's Batman: The Animated Series tie-in novels, with the exception of the one adapting The Movie, combined multiple plots from the series, since half-hour episodes meant even a two-parter would be slim pickings on its own. Shadows of the Past combines several episodes revolving around the origins of Batman and his assistants, Dual to the Death combines two Two-Face two-parters, and The Dragon and the Bat brings together all the episodes featuring the ninja Kyodai Ken.

     Live-Action TV 

     Music 

    Mythology 
  • While technically any Arthurian story which involves both the Grail Quest and Lancelot is this by very definition, special note should go to The Once and Future King, as it was TH White's attempt at creating an Arthurian super-myth, which incorporated as many of the myriad Arthurian myths and legends into one cohesive story as possible. Although how well this succeeded in its endeavor is debatable (there are a number of myths missing, but the overall quality is unquestionably excellent nonetheless), it is still the most "complete" of all Arthur myths, and borrows from at last a dozen stories.

     Theatre 
  • The play Universal Robots by Mac Rogers is partly an adaptation of R.U.R., but also includes autobiographical details of the author Karel Capek and his (imaginary in real life) twin sister.

     Toys 
  • When Hasbro imported Takara's toy lines Diaclone and Microchange, they were combined in a new franchise with an invented plot - Transformers.

     Video Games 
  • Half-Life is a combination of an original plot with and engine of a first Quake, though it was modified to the point where it was nearly original engine which later became the infamous Source.
  • Several Chinese bootleg video games use some old games and just stash new sprites into them to release them as 8-bit cash-ins on recent movies. As a result you'll have Harry Potter and SpongeBob SquarePants games made of engine from one game combined with sprites from another and bizarre Cut-and-Paste Translation to fix at least some of the holes.
  • The video game of Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End actually combines the stories of Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest and At World's End into one game. This is actually quite odd, given that Dead Man's Chest is the film before At World's End, and so the game would have been more expected to be named after the earlier film (since that obviously comes earlier in the game, too) — or even for that film to have had its own game adaptation previously that excluded it from being part of the later one (it had but on different consoles).
  • The plot of Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth is mostly a loose adaptation of The Shadow Over Innsmouth, but it also includes elements from another (unrelated) H.P. Lovecraft novella, The Shadow out of Time, especially in the prologue and the ending.
  • Batman: Arkham Series: While the games have an original plotline, but they do incorporate elements of several story arcs and characterizations from the original comics, the Burton-Schumacher and Nolan films, and the DCAU.

     Western Animation 
  • Episodes of Thomas the Tank Engine not only takes cues from The Railway Series novels, but multiple promotional medias such as it's annuals and magazines. Multiple writers of all these forms have even had direct involvement in the show.
  • The Christmas Special Sonic Christmas Bash is mainly based on Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog, but also includes elements from Sonic the Hedgehog (AKA Sonic Sat AM) such as the Robotropolis setting, SWAT-Bots, and Princess Sally.
  • The Batman: The Animated Series episode "The Laughing Fish" is mostly adapted from the comics storyline "The Laughing Fish"/"Sign of the Joker!" (Detective Comics #475-476), however, the final act is largely drawn from the unrelated comic story "The Joker's Five-Way Revenge" (Batman #251).


Feedback: 123 replies

Sep 17th 2014 at 7:24:09 AM

Is this an example?

Live Action Television

Sep 17th 2014 at 12:26:47 PM

B Kelly, well, it falls into Cross Over but also seems to be there in the case of Law And Order Special Victims Unit. Great thanks!

Sep 17th 2014 at 12:33:38 PM

hbi2k, still sounds somewhat bulky, so I'll stick with "Combination", at least temporary. Thanks!

Sep 17th 2014 at 2:10:48 PM

Film

Video Games

Sep 17th 2014 at 2:19:01 PM

Please drop the media parts of the trope, it's possible to find all sorts of adaptations in all sorts of media. I also think we must have some sort of limit on what is considered source material, at least it should have been published in some way, not just a draft. Otherwise just about every modern Hollywood movie would fit, given the way scripting works nowadays.

Here's a fun one, since it's an in-story example:

Literature:

Another one:

Sep 17th 2014 at 6:05:42 PM

Can't recall the name of the film, but I recall reading about some very famous blockbuster which used the plot of one book and the title of another. Seems they had the adaptation written and then slapped the title on from some other well-known book when they got the film rights for it.

[I don't think this is the same work as that which I wrote of above, but possibly] Die Hard 2 is an adaptation of an unrelated book called 58 Minutes with John McClane put in the hero role.

Sep 17th 2014 at 7:00:24 PM

Sep 18th 2014 at 4:56:09 AM

^^ That might have been Blade Runner. The film was based on Philip K Dick's novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?. The title was from the totally unrelated Alan E. Nourse novel The Bladerunner (and was credited in the film's credits).

Sep 18th 2014 at 5:10:07 AM

  • Examples section formatting
    • Added a space between asterisks and the first word following them.
    • Corrected spelling (it's own -> its own, siginficant, excrepts, telepalys, succeded, ones, hadn't -> didn't).
    • Put the name of the work at the beginning of the Robo Cop example as per How To Write An Example - State the source.
    • Corrected improper Example Indentation in the Yojimbo and Harlan Ellison examples.
    • Put episode titles in quotes instead of italics as per Welcome To TV Tropes - Editing Articles.
    • Alphabetized media sections.
    • Changed unnecessary double curly braces to Camel Case.

Sep 18th 2014 at 7:45:54 AM

  • The screenplay for Naked Lunch is based not only on Burroughs' novel, but also on other fiction by him, and autobiographical accounts of his life.
  • The play Universal Robots by Mac Rogers is partly an adaptation of RUR, but also includes autobiographical details of the author Karel Capek and his (imaginary in real life) twin sister

Sep 18th 2014 at 7:51:31 AM

Sep 18th 2014 at 8:09:16 AM

Jesse BM, thanks but I'm not sure on these two, as both cases were adapting whole franchise and, in case of Turtles, we any adaotation made since 1986 animated series mixes its elements with original Mirage comics.

Sep 18th 2014 at 8:11:00 AM

Kjnoren, in fact cases when two screemplays were combined into one polt are not that often, as, for example, Dolled Up Installment. Also, if drop the media, then what's the point? To list only literature?.. Anyway, great thanks for Literature examples!

Sep 18th 2014 at 8:19:46 AM

Randomsurfer, thanks. I've already listed Die Hard as a franchise (because all of the sequels were made that way) and Arivne is right, the film was Blade Runner. By the way novel by Nourse was adapted in a screenplay by Willam Burroughs, which was titled "Blade Runner: The Movie". So they were both asked for permission to use the title and both were thanked in end credits. Also, Arivne, great thanks for corrections.

Sep 18th 2014 at 8:21:22 AM

Duncan, great thanks. Now I'm thinking why I wasn't put Naked Lunch here in the first place. Largerly it was adapted from The Exterminator.

Sep 18th 2014 at 8:21:37 AM

Robinjhonson, also great thanks!

Sep 18th 2014 at 11:09:41 AM

@K.Kloga: the idea isn't to drop the media examples, but drop the references in the description to the trope happening in specific media in the second paragraph. At most mention that it's very common in movies, but the examples will probably show that anyway.

Sep 19th 2014 at 5:49:40 AM

Kjnoren, for some reason it is hard for me to catch the point...

Sep 19th 2014 at 5:57:38 AM

^ you mentioned "film" a lot in the second paragraph. Try making a more general description that can cover all media.

Sep 19th 2014 at 6:21:46 AM

Oh, you mean that one. Yep, I've screwed this a little bit, sorry. I've been thinking for a few days how to improve the description.

Sep 19th 2014 at 3:49:28 PM

Should I list the works under the media adapted from or to? And would any of these count?

Sep 20th 2014 at 6:35:49 AM

Triassicranger, both of them. Thanks for examples but yes, not all of them are suitable, as we talk about adapting two unrealted works (in case of Hammett, for example The Glass Key is unrelated to The Red Harvest), or, at least, using elements from two separate adaptations of one thing. Though, I think, we don't have any tropes about using sequel novels etc and it makes me thinking of some new YKTTW. Anyway VR Troopers and Power Rangers examples really count, great thanks.

Sep 20th 2014 at 6:39:06 AM

Morgan Wick, a good example and a nice addition, great thanks!

Sep 20th 2014 at 9:17:05 AM

The Last Continent has two extended sequences directly referring Mad Max and The Adventures Of Priscilla Queen Of The Desert, though they aren't central to the plot.

Sep 20th 2014 at 10:31:26 AM

Chabal2, great thanks, an interesting example.

Sep 20th 2014 at 10:44:48 AM

The final version of Robin Hood is technically a combination of the Robin Hood legends and the Reynard the Fox + Chanticleer movie Disney originally planned.

Sep 20th 2014 at 10:50:34 AM

If you want to add fanfiction examples to the mix.

  • Fallout Equestria acts as a mash-up of plot elements and characters from all four main Fallout titles. 1 and 3 are the heaviest influences, with The Goddess and Red Eye serving as Expies of The Master and The Lieutenant from 1 and having the same plan as them, but Red Eye also takes numerous cues from President Eden and Ashur from 3, and most of the major locations visited are also based on locations from 3.

Sep 20th 2014 at 11:46:59 AM

Snicka, great thanks!

Sep 20th 2014 at 11:47:36 AM

Drake Clawfang, great thanks, nearly everything is welcome and what isn't I still will try to investigate anyway. You also made me remember one or two video game examples...

Sep 20th 2014 at 4:45:56 PM

Return To Oz combines plot elements from the second and third Oz books into one story.

Sep 20th 2014 at 5:19:43 PM

  • Episodes of Thomas The Tank Engine not only takes cues from The Railway Series novels, but multiple promotional medias such as it's annuals and magazines. Multiple writers of all these forms have even had direct involvement in the show.

Sep 21st 2014 at 1:04:45 AM

  • The first Tintin animated movie combines the plots of The Crab With The Golden Claws, The Secret Of The Unicorn and a bit of Red Rackham's Treasure into one unique plot.

Sep 21st 2014 at 4:38:45 AM

Dacilriel, Psi001, Karjam P, great thanks for your examples, but... I've tried to launch a separate YKTTW for that one - "Sequels to Reboot", that's when creators who reboot the franchise are more or less forced to include elements from sequels which are iconic or just have a better plot, etc. Suddenly, today this YKTTW is all gone. O_o Never the less, I'm thinking on what to do with your examples and Psi's one goes here with frankly no editing.

Sep 21st 2014 at 10:21:49 AM

I think Grand Central Arena better go under Literature. Basically, Marc was raised in an artificial environment, created by mad fanfic writers, but not limited in any way to writing.

Sep 21st 2014 at 11:01:39 AM

The Tintin example's not a reboot. It's an adaption. (Specifically, the adaption of the comic of the same name).

I don't think Spielberg's aiming to reboot the Tintin franchise through movies.

Sep 21st 2014 at 11:13:31 AM

Video Games:

Sep 21st 2014 at 12:14:02 PM

Return To Oz wasn't a reboot. It was an adaptation of Ozma of Oz which also included plot elements and characters from The Marvelous Land of Oz.

Dec 31st 2014 at 3:49:06 AM

Compare Merging The Branches, where the later canon combines several previously mutually exclusive story branches.

Jan 23rd 2015 at 9:35:59 AM

Jan 23rd 2015 at 12:38:51 PM

The current example list has several Example Indentation violations. Second level and higher bullets must be part of a list. Lone sub-bullets are not allowed, and are a common natter flag.

Jan 24th 2015 at 12:45:12 AM

Jan 24th 2015 at 12:55:46 AM

I read somewhere that RoboCop was originally an attempt to adapt Judge Dredd to film.

Jan 24th 2015 at 4:26:46 AM

  • Many episodes of the TV adaptation of Jeeves And Wooster amalgamated three or four of the original short stories, and also drew elements from other PG Wodehouse works.

Jan 25th 2015 at 2:04:36 PM

  • Akira Kurosawa's Rashomon combines elements from two different Ryuonosuke Akutagawa stories. Most of the plot came from "In a Grove", while the framing device (of travelers trapped in a gate because of a rainstorm) and title came from "Rashomon".

Jan 25th 2015 at 4:33:48 PM

Film Live Action

Jan 26th 2015 at 11:09:56 AM

Jan 26th 2015 at 11:28:19 AM

The film Return To Oz takes elements from two of the Oz books by L Frank Baum: The Marvelous Land of Oz (which does not feature Dorothy as a character) and Ozma of Oz, as well as the 1973 non-fiction book Wisconsin Death Trip as a historical source.

Jan 29th 2015 at 3:43:18 PM

I have a feeling that the 2005 Iznogoud film is similar. I'll do some research unless someone beats me to it.

Jan 30th 2015 at 8:28:04 PM

  • While technically any Arthurian story which involves both the Grail Quest and Lancelot is this by very definition, special note should go to The Once And Future King, as it was TH White's attempt at creating an Arthurian super-myth, which incorporated as many of the myriad Arthurian myths and legends into one cohesive story as possible. Although how well this succeeded in its endeavor is debatable (there are a number of myths missing, but the overall quality is unquestionably excellent nonetheless), it is still the most "complete" of all Arthur myths, and borrows from at last a dozen stories.

Jan 30th 2015 at 8:33:44 PM

Jan 31st 2015 at 12:22:11 AM

The Robotech example needs context. The summary on the works page gives the name of all three series that were essentially reworked by Carl Macek, so each saga would flow into the next (with a few plot holes, here 'n there).

Anyway, here's another example:

Anime

  • Variable Geo is loosely based on the Advanced V.G. series, which removed the hentai content and introduced the core narrative aspect - which has Miranda Jahana manipulating Yuka and the other waitresses from behind-the-scenes. Though the OVA retains the "losing conditions" of the original H-Game series. Making it a combination of the two that's Lighter And Softer than the original, while still providing a fair amount of fanservice.

Feb 28th 2015 at 12:55:00 PM

  • Dora Emon The Movie "Stand By Me" combines the stories of the first six books... and one story in the seventh book.

Feb 28th 2015 at 1:04:43 PM

I feel like we already have a trope for this... I want to say X Meets Y or Recycled Script...

There's also Fusion Fic, but that only covers fics. I would suggest linking to it in the description, and cite that's where Fan Work examples should go, because the two would likely wind up becoming identical.

Mar 2nd 2015 at 4:50:49 PM

The Bible and its books are actually an amalgamation of multiple texts. However, there are many debates as to what originated from one text, what originated from multiple texts, how many texts they originated from and so on. For instance, The Pentateuch or The Torah are believed by many scholars to be an amalgamation of four different documents titled as J, E, P, and D by scholars.

Mar 4th 2015 at 2:37:21 PM

  • In 1974, a pair of movie studios had the rights to different books about a skyscraper on fire: "The Tower" and "The Glass Inferno". Rather than try to compete with each other the studios decided to team up, combining both books into The Towering Inferno.

Mar 5th 2015 at 1:59:51 PM

Comics: The Amalgam Universe combines characters and backstories from Marvel Comics and DC Comics into a new shared universe. For example:

Mar 12th 2015 at 2:19:15 PM

Western Animation: The Batman The Animated Series episode "The Laughing Fish" is mostly adapted from the comics storyline "The Laughing Fish"/"Sign of the Joker!" (Detective Comics #475-476), however, the final act is largely drawn from the unrelated comic story "The Joker's Five-Way Revenge" (Batman #251).

Mar 12th 2015 at 2:47:23 PM

None of the examples since September is added... does that mean this is Up For Grabs?

Mar 12th 2015 at 8:54:31 PM

Mar 13th 2015 at 1:37:51 AM

^^^ The OP K.Kloga has not posted here since 9-21-14, more than five months ago. A YKTTW proposal becomes Up For Grabs two months after the last post by the OP, according to the rules on that page.

So yes, this is Up For Grabs.

Mar 14th 2015 at 8:44:15 AM

Anime

Mar 14th 2015 at 3:45:47 PM

Who wanna grab this? (not me... I wish)

Sep 7th 2016 at 11:58:09 AM

Judge Dee: The recurring characters come from the author's translation of the first part of Dee Goong An, which was intriguing because of the way it fit Western standards of detective stories better than traditional Chinese ones (the murderer is not known to the audience, the mystery isn't solved by direct supernatural intervention, etc.). The plots of each story were taken from various Chinese criminology texts, with the sources explained in each book's afterword.

Sep 7th 2016 at 2:46:09 PM

The TV series Andromeda is cobbled together from three pilots Gene Roddenberry made back in the seventies: Genesis II, Planet Earth, and Strange New World.

Sep 7th 2016 at 6:50:12 PM

After the James Bond movies started running out of novels to adapt, there were a couple which combined two short stories (usually with a bunch of extra stuff added even so). For Your Eyes Only combines the plots of "For Your Eyes Only" and "Risico", while Octopussy combines plot elements from "Octopussy" and "The Property of a Lady".

Sep 7th 2016 at 6:51:56 PM

...come to think of it, does "movie about Character X is adapted from multiple earlier works about Character X" count as this trope, or does it have to be "story about Character X is made by combining story about Character X with unrelated story about Character Y"?

Sep 8th 2016 at 11:12:24 PM

  • Geary Gravel's Batman The Animated Series tie-in novels, with the exception of the one adapting The Movie, combined multiple plots from the series, since half-hour episodes meant even a two-parter would be slim pickings on its own. Shadows of the Past combines several episodes revolving around the origins of Batman and his assistants, Dual to the Death combines two Two-Face two-parters, and The Dragon and the Bat brings together all the episodes featuring the ninja Kyodai Ken.

Sep 14th 2016 at 6:57:10 PM

TV:

Sep 14th 2016 at 7:24:23 PM

  • The 2010 Alice In Wonderland 2010 film is based on a combination of Alice's Adventures Underground and Alice Through The Looking-Glass. The sequel is, despite debate, in face only based on ATTLG, as this story included Lewis Carroll's poem "The Jabberwocky" (on which the film is also partly based) as some of its prose. Of course, this is only very loosely based on Carroll's work, as pretty much the only things in common are a couple of character names and the premise of a world Down The Rabbit Hole.

Sep 15th 2016 at 7:02:54 AM

^ Practically any Alice movie is a combination of Alices Adventures In Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass, using the more well-known plot elements from both books.

Sep 15th 2016 at 4:19:41 PM

TV:

Sep 15th 2016 at 5:17:51 PM

Film:

  • Peter Jackson's The Hobbit film trilogy incorporates a number of scenes and elements from The Lord Of The Rings that weren't used in Jackson's earlier LOTR films. These include the appearance of the Maiar Radagast the Brown and Saruman deriding him as a weirdo, both of which were related after the fact by Gandalf in The Fellowship of the Ring.

Sep 15th 2016 at 5:44:37 PM

Disney's animated version of Alice In Wonderland closely follows the plot of Alices Adventures In Wonderland, but adds characters from Through the Looking Glass, specifically Tweedledum and Tweedledee, the Walrus and the Carpenter, the talking flowers and the Tulgey Woods from "Jabberwocky".

Sep 16th 2016 at 12:33:41 AM

^^ It also borrows plot elements from the appendices of The Lord of the Rings and some of Tolkien's writings that were published after his death. Since the studio didn't own the film rights to the latter, they had to do some Writing Around Trademarks. Still, big chunks of the movies (Azog's vendetta, Kili and Tauriel's romance, Laketown's politics) are original material that Peter Jackson's team came up with.

Sep 16th 2016 at 2:37:10 AM

@Snicka just because "Practically any Alice movie" uses the trope does not mean that it is not an example.

Sep 17th 2016 at 11:35:38 AM

So who's in charge of this?

Sep 17th 2016 at 12:12:04 PM

Jun 26th 2017 at 8:41:02 AM

Ghost In The Shell 2017 uses elements of the ("1995 Film")[1] as well as the second season of Ghost In The Shell Stand Alone Complex

Jun 26th 2017 at 8:41:26 AM

ah crap, i'm kinda new to this link thing

Jun 26th 2017 at 9:23:57 AM

  • As a general rule, most live action Superhero movies generally take elements from a few different storylines from that title with mixed results. For example, X Men III has elements of both the Dark Pheonix storyline and the Mutant Cure storyline, both of which are spread apart by nearly two decades in the comics. The titular character of the first doesn't even appear in the second!

  • The Amazing Spider Man combines Peter Parker's origin story with the Lizard story, which never appeared in Spidey's origin. The sequel would combine the origin of Electro (60s story) with The Night Gwen Stacy Died (70s). Once again, the former villain is not present at all in the later story.

Jun 26th 2017 at 10:19:20 AM

  • The two Discworld games both take the plot elements of several different Discworld books to create their storylines. The second game, for instance, takes the elements of Reaper Man, Pyramids and Moving Pictures, among others.

Jun 28th 2017 at 8:48:58 AM

Live-Action TV:

  • The Flash 1990: The first TV adaptation of The Flash in The Nineties have elements mixed from the 2 Flash incarnations until then: Barry Allen and Wally West. The character itself as well the main elements of the series are from former era, being John Wesley Shipp as Barry Allen, but various elements were taken from the then actual Flash Wally West: the way his metabolism acts faster than him that makes him eat tons (literally) of food, his relashionship with Tina McGee, the appearance of Linda Park (Wally's Love Interest) as reporter, etc.

Jun 28th 2017 at 12:49:15 PM

The Mexican telenovela Los ricos también lloran, as well as its more modern remake, Maria La Del Barrio, are a combination of two radio novellas by Inés Rodena.

Jun 28th 2017 at 2:38:14 PM

Fittingly for a story about stories being Eldritch Abominations, Witches Abroad's second half is mostly a Cinderella parody, with Sleeping Beauty, Little Red Riding Hood, Lord Of The Rings and The Wizard Of Oz getting Whole Plot References earlier on.

Jun 28th 2017 at 4:38:18 PM

Carl Macek's obscure Captain Harlock and the Queen of a Thousand Years anime combined the 1978 Captain Harlock show and a different show by the same mangaka called Queen Millennia. Confusing plot holes ensued.

Jun 28th 2017 at 4:42:26 PM

  • Captain Underpants The First Epic Movie combines elements from the first four books, including the Captain's origin from the first book, Professor Poopypants as a villain from the fourth, the Turbo Toilet 2000 and Invention Convention from the second, and zombie-fied children from the third book.

Jun 28th 2017 at 7:02:38 PM

  • By Psychopompos 007: "The plot of Call Of Cthulhu Dark Corners Of The Earth is mostly a loose adaptation of The Shadow Over Innsmouth, but it also includes elements from another (unrelated) HP Lovecraft novella, The Shadow out of Time, especially in the prologue and the ending." Can anyone who knows this game elaborate about what is meant by "elements"? If Psychopompos 007 is referring to things such as characters, specific objects, and/or plotlines I'd say that It'd count, but it is only referring to things such as concepts and themes, then it wouldn't count.
  • By Metafour: " Akira Kurosawa's Rashomon combines elements from two different Ryuonosuke Akutagawa stories. Most of the plot came from "In a Grove", while the framing device (of travelers trapped in a gate because of a rainstorm) and title came from "Rashomon". " This example seems to satisfy the requirements of this article, is there a reason it hasn't been added yet?
  • By Phantomdusclops 92: " The Christmas Special Sonic Christmas Bash it's mainly based on Adventures Of Sonic The Hedgehog, but also includes elements from Sonic The Hedgehog such as the Robotropolis setting, SWAT-Bots and Princess Sally. " Based on the Sonic fanfic example in the examples section above, I'd that this would also qualify.
  • By Duncan: "The film Return To Oz takes elements from two of the Oz books by L Frank Baum: The Marvelous Land of Oz (which does not feature Dorothy as a character) and Ozma of Oz, as well as the 1973 non-fiction book Wisconsin Death Trip as a historical source." Based on this, I'd think Return to Oz would qualify.

Jun 29th 2017 at 2:34:18 AM

^ The reason Meta Four's post wasn't added is that it was made on January 25th, 2015.

The OP Tropers/{{K.Kloga}} last posted in this proposal on 9-21-14. After that they lost interest in it and didn't add any more examples.

Jun 29th 2017 at 3:57:09 AM

And the reason this got launched is because there's tropers out there wanting to get their launch counts up. It's back now; proceed.

Jun 29th 2017 at 6:31:24 AM

Who's managing this draft now?

Jun 29th 2017 at 7:01:59 AM

^ No one. It hasn't been edited since 2015.

Jun 29th 2017 at 7:06:33 AM

Is this YMMV (personal opinion) or must it be confirmed by official sources or Word Of God? In the former case, I don't see the difference to X Meets Y.

Jun 29th 2017 at 8:30:41 AM

^^ it's pretty obvious X Meets Y is saying Show A's premise is like Show B meets Show C, this is where Book 1 and Book 2 are made into Movie 1. It wouldn't really need Word Of God because it's hard to miss it.

Like:

  • The video game of Pirates Of The Caribbean At Worlds End actually combines the stories of Pirates Of The Caribbean Dead Mans Chest and At World's End into one game. This is actually quite odd, given that Dead Man's Chest is the film before At World's End, and so the game would have been more expected to be named after the earlier film (since that obviously comes earlier in the game, too) — or even for that film to have had its own game adaptation previously that excluded it from being part of the later one (it had but on different consoles).

Jun 29th 2017 at 5:10:50 PM

Just so everyone knows, I decided to add the Rashomon and Sonic Christmas special examples (under Film-Live Action and Western Animation sections respectively).

EDIT: I've also added The Towering Inferno under Film-Live Action

EDIT: Other examples I think should be added

  • By Juju P: " Secret Of Cerulean Sand is adapted from Facing the Flag and City in the Sahara, both written by Jules Verne. "
  • By Nate The Great: " The TV series Andromeda is cobbled together from three pilots Gene Roddenberry made back in the seventies: Genesis II, Planet Earth, and Strange New World. ". Based on the Robocop example above, I'd think this would qualify.
  • By Dust Snitch: " Batman V Superman Dawn Of Justice takes inspiration from one story per title character. Batman's story is The Dark Knight Returns, which first depicted a retired, cynical Batman, Superman's is The Death Of Superman, which originated the character of Doomsday. And saw him kill Superman. " The Dark Knight Returns was a non-canon (to the DCU) limited series, while the Death of Superman was story line that happened in canon. So I think this could qualify.
  • By Meme Master: " Ghost In The Shell 2017 uses elements of the ("1995 Film")[1] as well as the second season of Ghost In The Shell Stand Alone Complex " Based on the TMNT example that is cited, I'd say this would qualify.
  • By Cavery 210: " Carl Macek's obscure Captain Harlock and the Queen of a Thousand Years anime combined the 1978 Captain Harlock show and a different show by the same mangaka called Queen Millennia. Confusing plot holes ensued. "

Jul 4th 2017 at 3:09:18 AM

Jul 27th 2017 at 1:14:27 AM

Jul 27th 2017 at 8:55:40 AM

From the top comments, I say either Adaptation Amalgamation or Amalgadaptaion would work.

Also, I think Disney's take on Alice In Wonderland has some bits on Through The Looking Glass like Tweedledum and Tweedledee. The live-action version incorporated more elements from that book as well, such as merging the Queen of Hearts and the Red Queen.

Jul 27th 2017 at 9:21:41 AM

Looking at it, this could make a good trivia piece.

Jul 27th 2017 at 5:09:02 PM

Do we want to distinguish between adaptations that combine earlier storylines from a single character (Batman Begins combining several stories from the comics, Alice in Wonderland combining both Alice books) and adaptations that combine two things that were previously unrelated, like Robotech and Rashomon?

Sep 22nd 2017 at 6:43:10 PM

  • Logan's version of X23 mixes her original X Men Evolution incarnation with her Canon Immigrant comic incarnation. She has the age and implied ethnicity of her cartoon version, but the age and darker personality of her comic version (bar some changes to go with her decreased age, such as scrapping her teenage prostitution backstory).

Sep 22nd 2017 at 7:31:41 PM

Wow, there's A LOT of material to add here. Can I take this Up For Grabs or you prefer everyone can edit this with Rolling Updates??

Sep 30th 2017 at 8:15:58 AM

OK, taking this finally and adding the most examples I could, more will be added eventually as well some I found by myself. I was thinking about a fitting image for this, but I'm not sure (a Robotech one is the first I got in mind right now)

Sep 30th 2017 at 8:18:25 AM

^ Doubt an image would be possible with this.

Oct 1st 2017 at 8:27:05 AM

OK, changed the title and added thelast suggestions of the thread and some more I found recently. OK, launching this during toiday, thanks to all!! :D

Oct 1st 2017 at 9:52:21 AM

Would films about historical events that draw on several books about the same event count? For example, Everest 2015 was based on the memoirs of several of the climbers rather than being a straight adaptation of just one, as the previous TV movie about the disaster had been.

Oct 1st 2017 at 12:46:00 PM

^Sure, I think those can be added, too

Oct 1st 2017 at 1:43:26 PM

Possibly an example?

Anime and Manga:

  • Yu Gi Oh!: The villain from The Pyramid of Light movie essentially recycles the Big Bad of Season 5's backstory wholesale (i.e. was sealed in the Puzzle after an ancient battle with the Pharaoh). Also applies to the games - some mash up old arcs of the manga, and the second series anime also adapts lost arcs from the manga to fill in plot holes.

Oct 2nd 2017 at 9:31:49 AM

^ and ^^^ are added, thanks guys!!

Well, this is more than ready to be launched, doing it during these days!! Thanks to all!! :D

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