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Context Music / EllaFitzgerald

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1[[quoteright:350:]] ² [[caption-width-right:350:''[[FanNickname The First Lady of Song]]'']]²²->''Forgive me if I don’t have the words. Maybe I can sing it and you’ll understand.''²²Ella Fitzgerald (born Ella Jane Fitzgerald, April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996) was a famous American Main/{{Jazz}} singer, known for her skilled vocals, incredible sense of swing, and her happy singing style.² ²Fitzgerald had [[DarkAndTroubledPast a tough life growing up]] and was homeless for most of her teenage years in New York City. There she would dance for pennies to any passerby, thinking she'd become a great dancer. In 1934, the Apollo theatre held an amateur night, and Ella signed up to dance; however, seeing a better dance group before her, she opted to sing instead. The rest is history.²²She was heard by one of the musicians in Chick Webb's influential band and was picked up by Chick Webb, “The King of Swing” himself. She cut one of the most influential and popular jazz songs with the band, “A-Tisket, A-Tasket” (1938), at 21. During TheForties, she slowly grew her reputation but hadn't yet broken through the white audience mainstream. Once signing with Verve in TheFifties (a label created specifically for her), she put out various cover albums of famous songwriters and composers like Music/ColePorter, Music/GeorgeGershwin, and Music/IrvingBerlin, and in turn, created jazz standards and solidified her stardom. She collaborated with many famous musicians of her time like Music/FrankSinatra, and most famously, Music/LouisArmstrong. Still prominent throughout TheSixties and TheSeventies, she continued to sing and keep up with the times. Classics of this period include her ''Ella in Berlin'' album and her collaborations with guitarist, Joe Pass.²²As time went on, Fitzgerald’s voice began to deteriorate along with her health due to her diabetes, so she retired from public life. In 1996, she died a musical legend.²²Not only did Ella Fitzgerald win 14 Grammy’s and Honorary Awards in her lifetime, but she was also inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame six times. Her centennial is in 2017 and will be celebrated by the Smithsonian and the Grammy Museum. ²----²²!!Ella Fitzgerald and her works provide examples of:²* AffectionateNickname: She earned the nicknames, First Lady of Song, Lady Ella, and Queen of Jazz throughout her lifetime. ²* CoverAlbum: These made Ella break into the mainstream and solidified her career as ''the'' jazz vocalist. She sang ''everyone''.²** ''Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Music/ColePorter Songbook'' (1956)²** ''Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Rodgers and Hart Song Book'' (1956)²** ''Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Music/IrvingBerlin Songbook'' (1958)²** ''Ella Fitzgerald Sings the [[Music/GeorgeGershwin George and Ira Gershwin]] Song Book'' (1959)²* CoveredUp: Invoked by no less than [[Music/GeorgeGershwin Ira Gershwin]], who said, "I never knew how good our songs were until I heard Ella Fitzgerald sing them."²* {{Corpsing}}: In her live recording of "Mack The Knife", Ella begins to get the giggles when she forgets the lyrics to the song halfway through. She quickly recovers and [[TheShowMustGoOn nails the performance]]. ²* {{Crossover}}: Her many albums with Music/LouisArmstrong.²* GlassShatteringSound: Appeared in one of Memorex's "Is it real or Memorex?" TV commercials, in which her voice breaks a wine glass when she hits a high note... and then replaying the recording of her singing also causes glass to shatter.²* IAmTheBand: This came into play when Ella took over Chick Webb’s band after his untimely death.²* {{Improv}}: In her concert album ''Ella In Berlin,'' she had a memory lapse on the lyrics of "Mack The Knife," and proceeded to make up her own words and {{scatting}} over the music instead. The result ''[[SugarWiki/AwesomeMusic won a]] UsefulNotes/GrammyAward''.²* IronicNurseryTune: Her first big hit was a rendition of the NurseryRhyme "A-Tisket, A-Tasket," which her interpretation with Chick Webb turned from a children's ditty into a sophisticated swing number.²* Main/{{Jazz}}: A prominent figure in jazz and its subsequent subgroups (bebop & scat)²* LiveAlbum: Her most famous is ''Ella In Berlin: Mack the Knife''.²* LyricalTic: Her scatting can be one.²* MultipleDemographicAppeal: She sung jazz, pop, standards, and even RockAndRoll, and made everything her own.²* OddFriendship: Creator/MarilynMonroe and Ella's friendship. Maybe not as odd as one might think: both were shy people and both were judged by the way they looked throughout their careers.²* OutOfGenreExperience: Ella was willing to tackle songs in any genre from jazz to rock, but probably the most unlikely was a TV performance of "[[ Three Little Maids From School]]" from Creator/GilbertAndSullivan's ''Theatre/TheMikado'', as a trio with Joan Sutherland and Creator/DinahShore.²* TheQuietOne: Ella was a very shy person.²* {{Scatting}}: Her skill was legendary.²* SopranoAndGravel: A series of duets with the gravel provided by none other than Music/LouisArmstrong. ²* SpiritualSuccessor: Ella was one to her idol, Connee Boswell, from the famed harmonizing group, The Boswell Sisters.²** Many later jazz and pop vocalists have cited Ella as an inspiration, including artists as diverse as Music/{{Adele}} and Music/{{Bjork}}.²----


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