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Context Main / SelfPlagiarism

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1%% Image moved to this page per Image Pickin' thread:≤%% Please do not replace or remove without starting a new thread.≤%%≤[[quoteright:272:[[Creator/SethMacFarlane]]]]≤[[caption-width-right:272:[[ Strictly]] [[StrictlyFormula MacFormula]].[[labelnote:shows]]Left to right: ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'', ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'', and ''WesternAnimation/TheClevelandShow''. Oh, and all three non-human best friends are voiced by Creator/SethMacFarlane.[[/labelnote]]]]≤≤->''"What I'm trying to say is, they're the Space Avengers. But I guess it's technically not stealing if they're ripping off themselves."''≤-->-- ''WebVideo/HonestTrailers'' on ''Film/GuardiansOfTheGalaxy''≤≤Sometimes, a work becomes a surprise success and various [[FollowTheLeader imitators]] are made in its wake, usually by different creators. But on a few occasions, the ''same'' creators (or at least, the parent company) will make something that appears to be a transparent ripoff of their own success. This is different from SpiritualSuccessor in that the series are usually made in the same time period and that there is no reason the newer product couldn't have used the same license as the older work.≤≤There are many reasons for this. It may be because of the executive's belief that [[RecycledINSPACE lazily changing the setting will in itself attract more viewers]], milking a {{cash cow|Franchise}} without making it seem too obvious or simply an author being unable to shake off his SignatureStyle.≤≤This isn't simply a matter of recurring tropes, such as those defining a genre, making up a SignatureStyle, or inspiring a SpiritualLicensee. The "plagiarized" work should be the same on a conceptual level, to the point that if it was the work of a different creator there could be a lawsuit in the works.≤≤A lot of what's on RecycledInSPACE is an example of this. Compare and contrast {{Expy}} (which is when an author recycles one or more characters but not the rest of the story), FollowTheLeader, BetterByADifferentName, and RecycledScript.≤≤----≤!!Examples:≤≤[[foldercontrol]]≤≤[[folder:Anime]]≤* Ryosuke Takahashi created both ''Anime/ArmoredTrooperVotoms'' and ''Anime/{{Gasaraki}}''. Both shows involve a talented MiniMecha pilot who [[TheStoic doesn't talk much]] trying to save a mysterious girl who is a better pilot than he is from an AncientConspiracy.≤* ''Anime/SummerWars'' takes a significant number of cues from ''Anime/DigimonAdventure: Our War Game'', a film director Creator/MamoruHosoda also directed nine years previously.≤* Toshio Maeda, the creator of legendary {{Hentai}} series ''Urotsukidoji'', recycled his own ideas a ''lot'' in his following works; one review of an especially JustForFun/{{egregious}} example started with the reviewer's less-than-impressed thoughts on the matter.≤-->When is imitation ''not'' the sincerest form of flattery? When it's yourself you're ripping off.≤* Yoichi Takahashi created both ''Manga/CaptainTsubasa'' and ''Anime/HungryHeartWildStriker''. Both are stories about soccer, though the second is more down-to-Earth.≤* Right after finishing ''Manga/MiraiNikki'' author Sakae Esuno made ''Manga/BigOrder'' another battle-royal manga in which a wimpy, high school protagonist has to team-up with a pink-haired girl that wants to kill him but also has feelings for him.≤* Seven years after finishing ''Manga/ElfenLied'', Lynn Okamoto created ''Manga/BrynhildrInTheDarkness''. In both stories a high-school protagonist reunites with his [[spoiler:forgotten childhood friend]] who has been the subject of secret experimentation due to her supernatural powers, has [[spoiler:an evil split personality]] and is now on the run from a shadowy organisation which is using other ability users to hunt her down, some of which eventually join the group of protagonists and form a harem. Like Elfen Lied it is also filled with tons of gore and gratuitous nudity. ≤[[/folder]]≤≤[[folder:Comic Books]]≤* Creator/FrankMiller:≤** In ''ComicBook/DaredevilBornAgain'', one of the Kingpin's lieutenants speaks with an excessive amount of SesquipedalianLoquaciousness, which is played for laughs. He would later use the same type of gag when writing Shlubb and Klump (AKA Fat Man and Little Boy) from ''ComicBook/SinCity''.≤* Artist Greg Land is notorious for not only overusing photo references (tracing porn, basically) and plagiarizing other artists but also recycling much of his own work.≤* ''Panic!'' was actually advertised as "the only authorized imitation of ''Magazine/{{MAD}}''." Both were published by Creator/ECComics at the time. Its second issue parodied this by claiming in its editorial that ''MAD'' had stolen the concept from ''Panic!'' while the latter was in the design phase.≤* Creator/DougMoench would occasionally use the same plots and characters in his '80s ''Franchise/{{Batman}}'' and ''ComicBook/MoonKnight'' runs. Sometimes, he would even mix up the names.≤* Creator/GeorgePerez was the visual creator of the Creator/MarvelComics mercenary Taskmaster, written by David Michelinie, in 1980. Some months later, Perez went to Creator/DCComics and was responsible for the character design of another mercenary, Deathstroke, this time created by Marv Wolfman. The characters were much similar, with the [[OrangeAndBlueContrast same color scheme]], wearing the same kind of sleeves and boots, masks covering full face and carrying swords.≤* Creator/ScottSnyder and Greg Capullo's ''ComicBook/BatmanEndgame'' is basically a redo of ''ComicBook/DeathOfTheFamily'', right down to having [[spoiler:the Joker as the main villain. Among the few differences are the Justice League replacing the Batfamily as the allies that the Joker jokerizes and turns against Batman and instead of the League disbanding like the Batfamily did in ''[=DotF=]'', ''Endgame'' ends with Batman presumed dead.]]≤* In [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks the Golden Age]], the illustrious Simon & Kirby perpetrated a textbook example by slapping together The Defender for ''USA Comics'' not six months after creating [[ComicBook/CaptainAmerica Captain America]]. Where Captain America was the patriotically-attired spy-hunting alter ego of humble soldier Steve Rogers featuring a pre-teen sidekick named Bucky, who for some reason went by that name in both of his identities, and occasionally a government agent named Betsy Ross, the Defender was the patriotically-attired spy-hunting alter ego of humble Marine Don Stevens featuring a pre-teen sidekick named Rusty, who for some reason went by that name in both of his identities, and in the first story a government agent named Sally Kean. Had some bonus ValuesDissonance too, as the one place where the Defender innovated over Cap was in being casually, appallingly racist towards the Japanese. A few issues in, they dropped the Defender and brought Cap himself in.≤* The death of Uncle Ben inspires the hero to go after outlaws everywhere, in Creator/StanLee's ''Rawhide Kid'' #17, August, 1960, and ''Amazing Spider-Man'' #1, March 1963.≤* Several Marvel characters introduced during the Silver Age have the same name and different origin from a Golden Age Timely Comics character, including the Vision and Black Widow, and Lo-Zar instead of Ka-Zar.≤* Creator/ChrisClaremont: Hidden somewhere in a dark corner of the Mutant Research Center on Muir Island is a dirty little secret from our character's past; a child no one knows about, who is an incredibly powerful mutant with a damaged psyche. The first time it was Moira's son Proteus, the second time it was Professor X's son ComicBook/{{Legion}}.≤* After he sold ''ComicBook/{{Ant}}'' to Erik Larsen, Mario Gully attempted to produce a new comic starring a nigh-identical character called "Bugg".≤* ''ComicBook/ZipiYZape'': In the late 80's, Escobar started a new series about, wait for it... two brothers with just a few years between them, with different hair color, called Terre and Moto (Terremoto, "Earthquake") who, huh, were mischievous but kind and smart and went to school and had adventures. Apparently, Escobar had a falling out with his old publisher but they had the rights to Zipi y Zape so Escobar decided to start a new IP as similar as possible to his old one. The new series wasn't exactly successful and Escobar was back to drawing Zipi y Zape before long.≤* Creator/MikeAllred reused a number of his unused character sketches from ''ComicBook/XStatix'' in his creator-owned work ''ComicBook/TheAtomics''.≤* In one of the most blatant cases of this trope, in 2016, Creator/JoeCasey and Nick Dragotta created America Vasquez, a new creator-owned superhero who is incredibly similar to their most famous creation, ComicBook/AmericaChavez. They openly admit that they created Vaquez in order to cash in on the increased attention that Chavez was receiving.≤* Creator/AlexRoss was part of the creative teams of ''Comicbook/AstroCity'' and ''Comicbook/KingdomCome''. As a result, at least two KC characters share striking similarities with AC characters:≤** Comicbook/WonderWoman's winged, golden eagle-like armor made her look a lot like Winged Victory, herself an {{Expy}} of Wonder Woman.≤** Harlequin II a.k.a. "Joker's Daughter", besides being modeled after Jill Thompson, shares the clown/ jester motif and the red-and-green, diamond-shaped patterned costume with the much more heroic Jack-in-the-Box. ≤[[/folder]]≤≤[[folder:Films -- Animated]]≤* Baloo the bear from ''WesternAnimation/TheJungleBook1967'' became so popular that Disney hired the character's voice actor Phil Harris back to play an {{expy}} of the character in their next two films. Thomas O'Malley in ''WesternAnimation/TheAristocats'' is identical to Baloo personality-wise but isn't the same species, while Little John from ''WesternAnimation/RobinHood'' has a different personality but looks almost exactly like Baloo (save for being orange rather than gray).≤* In ''WesternAnimation/RobinHood'', Little John and Lady Kluck dance like Baloo and King Louie in ''WesternAnimation/TheJungleBook1967''. Robin and Marian dance like Duchess and Thomas in ''WesternAnimation/TheAristocats''. Marian dances with a pig, an owl, a rabbit and a dog in a manner similar to the dance that Snow White and the Dwarfs do in ''WesternAnimation/SnowWhiteAndTheSevenDwarfs''. An elephant sounding off like a trumpet is stopped by Lady Kluck, like Colonel Hathi stopping a Jungle Patrol elephant in ''WesternAnimation/TheJungleBook1967''. Sir Hiss uses HypnoticEyes similar to Kaa in ''WesternAnimation/TheJungleBook1967''.≤* A chase scene in ''WesternAnimation/TheJungleBook1967'' between Baloo, King Louie and Mowgli is similar to a chase scene with Mole, Water Rat, Mr. Winkie and the Weasels in ''WesternAnimation/TheAdventuresOfIchabodAndMrToad''. The wolf cubs move together and wag their tails like the puppies in ''WesternAnimation/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians''. Mowgli returns to the wolf den, and gets licked by wolves, like Arthur returns to the castle, and gets licked by dogs, in ''WesternAnimation/TheSwordInTheStone''. The elephant Colonel Hathi is based on the elephant Goliath I from the animated short ''WesternAnimation/GoliathII'', where some elephant scenes are taken, including the elephants stopping and piling up.≤* In ''WesternAnimation/AliceInWonderland'', the fanfare following "Painting the Roses Red" is the same as from ''WesternAnimation/{{Dumbo}}''.≤* In ''WesternAnimation/TheAristocats'', Napoleon and Lafayette have some of the same barks from ''WesternAnimation/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians''.≤* In ''WesternAnimation/BeautyAndTheBeast'', Belle and the Beast have a ballroom dance like Princess Aurora and Prince Phillip in ''WesternAnimation/SleepingBeauty''. Both are like the ballroom dance of Cinderella and Prince Charming in ''WesternAnimation/{{Cinderella}}''.≤* In ''WesternAnimation/TheBlackCauldron'', Taran crawls under a branch and goes through the trees in the Forbidden Forest, in search of Hen Wen, in the same way Arthur searches for Sir Kay's arrow in ''WesternAnimation/TheSwordInTheStone''.≤* In ''WesternAnimation/TheFoxAndTheHound'', Red Eyes the bear uses the same growls as Brutus and Nero in ''WesternAnimation/TheRescuers''. A squirrel running along a tree branch is from Arthur running as a squirrel across the tree branches in ''WesternAnimation/TheSwordInTheStone''.≤* In ''WesternAnimation/TheGreatMouseDetective'', Toby the Basset Hound uses sounds from ''WesternAnimation/TheFoxAndTheHound'', ''Literature/OldYeller'', ''WesternAnimation/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians'', and ''WesternAnimation/LadyAndTheTramp''. Toby howls and runs through the street, and scares a wagon, like Trusty in ''WesternAnimation/LadyAndTheTramp''.≤* In ''WesternAnimation/LadyAndTheTramp'', Trusty moves in his sleep like Bruno in ''WesternAnimation/{{Cinderella}}''.≤* In ''WesternAnimation/TheSwordInTheStone'', Sir Kay shoots an arrow at a deer resembling Bambi's mother in ''WesternAnimation/{{Bambi}}''. Sir Ector hits Sir Kay in the same way Horace hits Jasper in ''WesternAnimation/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians''.≤* The CutSong "[[ Proud of Your Boy]]" from ''WesternAnimation/{{Aladdin}}'' bears a resemblance to [[ "Part of Your World"]] from ''WesternAnimation/{{The Little Mermaid|1989}}'', which itself is a self-plagiarism of Ashman and [[Music/AlanMenken Menken's]] "[[ Somewhere That's Green]]" from ''Theatre/LittleShopOfHorrors''. Reportedly, when writing "Part of Your World" they jokingly called it "Somewhere That's Dry."≤** "Be Our Guest" from ''WesternAnimation/BeautyAndTheBeast'' is very similar to ''The Little Mermaid'''s "Les Poissons". Conversely, "Beyond My Wildest Dreams" and "One Step Closer" from the stage musical of ''The Little Mermaid'' resemble "Belle" and "Beauty and the Beast", respectively. Fittingly, the latter is a DanceOfRomance number like its B&B counterpart. In turn, "Evermore" from ''Film/BeautyAndTheBeast2017'' sounds strikingly similar to "One Step Closer".≤** Likewise, in ''Film/AChristmasCarolTheMusical'', also scored by Alan Menken, "Christmas Together" sounds like a hybrid of "Fathoms Below" and "Part of Your World", and the intro of "Link By Link" resembles that of "Poor Unfortunate Souls".≤* As described in Tumblr about the history of Creator/{{Pixar}}:≤** Pixar, 1995: What if toys had feelings ≤** Pixar, 1998: What if bugs had feelings ≤** Pixar, 2001: What if monsters had feelings ≤** Pixar, 2003: What if fish had feelings ≤** Pixar, 2004: What if superheroes had feelings ≤** Pixar, 2006: What if cars had feelings ≤** Pixar, 2007: What if rats had feelings ≤** Pixar, 2008: What if robots had feelings ≤** Pixar, 2009: What if dogs had feelings ≤** Pixar, 2012: What if Scotland had feelings ≤** Pixar, 2015: WHAT IF FEELINGS HAD FEELINGS ≤*** Other web film critics like WebVideo/YourmoviesucksDOTorg and Screen Rant have point out that a lot of Pixar movies have the same formula with a basic premise: The protagonist gets separated from a loved one alongside another character that he/she dislikes and they have to make an adventurous journey until they both learn to respect each other and rejoin with the loved one and/or the rest of the cast.≤≤[[/folder]]≤≤[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]≤* Disney acquired the film rights to ''Literature/BedknobAndBroomstick'' to use as a backup in case they couldn't acquire the film rights to ''Literature/MaryPoppins''. After the film adaptation of ''Film/MaryPoppins'' proved to be a smash, they went ahead and made ''Film/BedknobsAndBroomsticks'' anyway, leaving them with two films about British children under the care of a woman with magic powers. Some of the songs in ''Bedknobs'' were originally written for ''Poppins'' but were unused.≤** Both films also starred Creator/DavidTomlinson, though this might have been a bit of a CastingGag.≤* The song "Men in Tights" from Creator/MelBrooks' ''Film/RobinHoodMenInTights'' takes its tune from "Jews in Space" from his ''Film/HistoryOfTheWorldPartI''.≤** Mel Brooks also recycles the same ''jokes'' over and over again. In one of his DVD commentary tracks he even admits to doing way too many gags involving the camera bumping into an object in the foreground.≤* ''Film/TheCuriousCaseOfBenjaminButton'' has an [[ uncanny resemblance]] to ''Film/ForrestGump''. Both screenplays were written by Eric Roth.≤* WebVideo/HonestTrailers comments that ''Film/TheMatrix'' "spawned a thousand imitators, from its effects, to its tone, to its wardrobe, to [[Film/TheMatrixReloaded its own]] [[Film/TheMatrixRevolutions sequels]]."≤* The director of the first ''Film/{{Leprechaun}}'' also did ''Film/{{Rumpelstiltskin}}''. Both feature evil wish-granting dwarfs who kill people in various creative ways.≤* When Creator/NormMacDonald made ''Film/DirtyWork'', he used, almost verbatim, a monologue from his first year as a cast member on ''Series/SaturdayNightLive'', about prison rape.≤* One of the criticisms of ''Film/BatmanAndRobin'' was it was a rehash of the plot of ''Film/BatmanForever'': an established villain (Two-Face/Mr. Freeze) goes on a crime spree that our hero or heroes must stop, a former Wayne Enterprises employee (The Riddler/Poison Ivy) snaps and decides to become a villain, someone new (Robin/Batgirl) comes to live at Wayne Manor, the new villain teams-up with the already active one, the new person learns Bruce Wayne is Batman (and in ''& Robin''[='=]s case, Dick Grayson is Robin) and becomes a crime fighter, the new villain screws with the Batsignal (the Riddler making it the dot of a question mark/Poison Ivy replacing the Batsymbol with Robin's), Batman gets a new costume for the final battle (as do Robin and Batgirl in ''& Robin''), the villains are beaten, and even the end shot is the same: the heroes running towards camera with the Batsignal behind them.≤* ''Film/{{Shocker}}'' and, to a lesser extent, ''Film/MySoulToTake'' are frequently regarded as attempts by Creator/WesCraven to create a new ''[[Franchise/ANightmareOnElmStreet Nightmare on Elm Street]]''.≤* A speech that a war veteran gives in ''Film/{{Maniac Cop 2}}'' about being trapped for days under a pile of corpses is reused without any alterations whatsoever in the writer[=/=]director duo's later film ''Film/UncleSam''.≤* Film/HighlanderIIITheSorcerer almost feels like the original 1986 movie re-tooled into a seedy exploitation film. Both are about Connor facing a powerful and evil immortal that killed his mentor in the distant past with a climax involving a kidnapped loved one. Kane even re-enacts the iconic scene where the Kurgan scares Brenda by driving like a maniac, only with Connor's adopted son. Not to mention Alex basically being an {{Expy}} of Brenda that fills the same plot role of discovering an out of place artifact (the armor and sword on Kane's dead henchmen in this case) that leads to her finding Connor and falling in love with him. ≤* Several scenes in Film/TheAvengers2012 mirror scenes from Creator/JossWhedon's television series. Most notably, the scene where Loki sows the seeds of doubt and dissension in the minds of the heroes, causing them to bicker and fight while he's locked up beneath them, recreates a scene from ''Series/{{Angel}}'' when Angelus does the same thing to Angel's companions from his prison cell.≤* Creator/JossWhedon also borrows a SignatureScene from ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' for his movie Film/TheCabinInTheWoods, namely the scene where [[spoiler:the secret government agency has a whole lot of monsters locked up in underground cages, and then those monsters all break out and attack]].≤* Doing this InUniverse is the plot of ''Film/BillAndTedFaceTheMusic''. After years of failing to come up with the song that will unite the world, Bill and Ted decide to just travel through time to a point where they've already written the song, then copy it down and release it in the present, effectively jury-rigging a StableTimeLoop.≤-->'''Ted:''' Why can't we just go to the future and when we ''have'' written it?\≤'''Bill:''' And take it from ''ourselves''!\≤'''Ted:''' But isn't that stealing?\≤'''Bill:''' How's that stealing if we're stealing it from ''ourselves'', dude?≤[[/folder]]≤≤[[folder:Literature]]≤* ''Literature/FiftyShadesOfGrey'' started life as a ''Literature/{{Twilight}}'' fanfiction called ''Master of the Universe''. When edited for publication, it remained 89% identical to its former self.≤* In ''Literature/AmericanPsycho'', Patrick Bateman invokes this trope when reviewing Genesis, making claims such as the song "That's All" sounding too much like their previous song "Misunderstanding".≤* Creator/GregBear has reused some of the science-fiction concepts he invents in one book in completely unrelated books. For instance, ''Moving Mars'' and ''Anvil of Stars'' both use the concept of [[RealityWarper 'hacking real life']], while ''Darwin's Radio'' and ''Literature/BloodMusic'' both use communication and reasoning among microorganisms as major plot points. ''[[Literature/TheWaySeries Legacy]]'' and ''Moving Mars'' also both contain ecosystems based on Lamarckian evolution, as minor plot points.≤* A more literal example occurs with Creator/ArthurCClarke's novel ''[[Literature/TheSpaceOdysseySeries 3001: The Final Odyssey]]'', which simply cut and pastes several paragraphs concerning the Monolith builders' intentions from ''2001''. The same applies to a description of Europan life in ''2010'', which was reused almost verbatim in ''2061'' and ''3001''.≤* Creator/MichaelCrichton's ''Film/{{Westworld}}'' depicts an amusement park built around unique attractions, robots. After the initial magnificient impression, chaos and death ensues when the robots outgrow their design and safeguards. Skip ahead two decades and change robots to dinosaurs and you get the wildly successful ''Literature/JurassicPark''.≤** ''{{Literature/Timeline}}'', in turn, replaces ''Jurassic Park'''s dinosaurs with Medieval knights, but is otherwise a very similar story. Scientists (archaeologists instead of paleontologists) are revealed that a CorruptCorporateExecutive has developed a groundbreaking new technology that might render their discipline pointless (cloned dinosaurs vs time travel), and are given the chance to explore it safely. However, [[TheStarscream a corrupted worker of the project]] lifts the security measures, putting everyone's lives at risk. Eventually, the project is destroyed and the chairman who developed it for profit is killed. ≤* Creator/DavidEddings has this happen in at least ''Literature/TheBelgariad'' and ''The Mallorean''. Indeed, the ''characters'' [[GenreSavvy recognize]] and [[DiscussedTrope discuss]] the repetitions of stories in their own lives, even noting the [[JustifiedTrope reason]] for it happening. At one point, a character even ''exploits'' this, noticing how similar the current situation is to a previous one and choosing to handle it differently.≤* Creator/FrederickForsyth fell prey to this in ''The Afghan'', stealing several word for word passages from ''The Fist of God'', and plot elements (such as one man telling the government that his brother can pass for an Arab, and then reminding the same people about it ten years later....).≤* Creator/HPLovecraft, despite his originality on almost all other fronts, had a tendency to create his ''own'' cliches and recycle plots and plot events he'd already used before, perhaps several times. One excellent and particularly extreme example is "Literature/{{Dagon}}" and "Literature/TheCallOfCthulhu", the latter being pretty much a {{Remake}} of the former.≤* ''Literature/TheShadowOfTheLion'', by Creator/MercedesLackey, Creator/EricFlint, and Creator/DaveFreer, includes a fantasy reworking of Lackey's contributions to the science fiction shared-world "Literature/MerovingenNights" begun by Creator/CJCherryh, with the names changed but several passages taken almost word-for-word.≤* Creator/PhilipKDick often reused elements from his short stories in his novels. For example, the dolls from "The Days of Perky Pat" play a major role in ''Literature/TheThreeStigmataOfPalmerEldritch'', and the concept of half-life from "What the Dead Men Say" is an important part of ''Literature/{{Ubik}}''.≤* ''Literature/EvilUnderTheSun'' by Creator/AgathaChristie features an identical [[spoiler:love triangle dynamic]] to that of ''Literature/DeathOnTheNile''.≤* The ''Literature/BaileySchoolKids'' series reused an entire page whenever the character Howie visited his dad at the [[FunWithAcronyms Federal Aerospace Technology Station]], depicting their entrance and the facility itself.≤* ''Series/DoctorWho'' writer Creator/TerranceDicks has, when writing for the novel ranges, tended to recycle stories he wrote for the TV series. In one case (the novel ''World Game'') he literally cuts and pastes large sections from a previous novel.≤* Creator/DouglasAdams lifted plot points from two ''Series/DoctorWho'' arcs that he wrote, "[[Recap/DoctorWhoS17E2CityOfDeath City of Death]]" and the unfinished storyline "[[Recap/DoctorWhoS17E6Shada Shada]]" to make his novel ''Literature/DirkGentlysHolisticDetectiveAgency''.≤* Programming writer Herbert Schildt is notorious for this, frequently copy-pasting parts of his books to newer books, which might be almost forgivable if he wasn't so frequently ''wrong'' about some very basic things. His collected works are referred to by most programmers as "Bullschildt".≤* Creator/RaymondChandler built his first few novels out of plot elements "cannibalized" from his short stories; ''Literature/FarewellMyLovely'', for instance, has the detective protagonist dealing with a missing-person case and a stolen-necklace case, each of which was originally a separate short story, while a third story provided the novel's climax. It helped that many of his short stories starred basically the same loner-detective type, with the name changing depending on which magazine he sold the story to; for the novels, he changed the name again, to Literature/PhilipMarlowe, and a legend was born.≤* [[PunctuatedForEmphasis Every. Single. Book.]] by Creator/DanBrown tells the tale of a GaryStu [[FlatCharacter university professor]] and a smart WorldsMostBeautifulWoman ([[InformedAttribute who is not really that smart]]), brought together by a murder and a riddle, and forced to flee through a foreign country while being chased by a colorful assassin (usually with a disability), who works for a secret cabal (usually the Catholic Church, or a group within it) that does not want the riddle solved because it would reveal The Truth before the world (this Truth is revealed in the end, of course). After ''Literature/TheDaVinciCode'', Brown even dispenses with naming the GaryStu differently and just reuses Robert Langdon, who is nonetheless oblivious to the fact that the exact same plot keeps happening to him.≤* Creator/TerryPratchett was so pleased with himself for coming up with this joke that he used it in ''two'' Discworld books. To wit: a flour cart crashes into a heggler's cart and also a milk cart, resulting in a huge mess. In ''Literature/{{Night Watch|Discworld}}'', a character comments that they could make an enormous cake. In ''Literature/TheTruth'', Sacharrissa uses "CITY'S BIGGEST CAKE MIX-UP" as a headline. William de Worde remarks on how this is [[SelfDeprecation just the right amount of unfunny]] to be a newspaper joke. Major Clive Mountjoy-Steadfast merely snaps "[[LamePunReaction Tom!]]"≤[[/folder]]≤≤[[folder:Live-Action TV]]≤* After ''Franchise/PowerRangers'' became a hit, Saban followed up with more {{Tokusatsu}} adaptations: ''Series/VRTroopers'', ''Series/MaskedRider'', and ''Series/{{Beetleborgs}}'', to varying degrees of success.≤* During the height of the ''Franchise/UltraSeries''' popularity in the 1970s, numerous FollowTheLeader "Kyodai Hero" shows were produced to cash in on ''Ultraman[='=]s'' success. Several of these were from Creator/TsuburayaProductions themselves, including ''Series/{{Mirrorman}}'', ''Series/{{Fireman}}'', and ''Series/JumborgAce''.≤* Some of the gags in Creator/LeeMack's sitcom ''Series/NotGoingOut'' also appear almost verbatim in his stand-up.≤* Creator/AaronSorkin did this a few times. Not recreating old works per se, but stealing verbatim lines from ''Series/SportsNight'' to be used in ''Series/TheWestWing''. I guess he thought the lines didn't get enough of an audience the first time.≤** The first ten minutes of ''Series/TheNewsroom'' are basically the first ten minutes of ''Series/Studio60OnTheSunsetStrip''. Sorkin is now engaged in writing a FixFic for his FixFic...≤** [[ They're called Sorkinisms]].≤** He used the episode title "What Kind of Day Has It Been?" for the first-season finales of ''Sports Night'', ''The West Wing'', and ''Studio 60''. In the last case, it was also the series finale's title.≤* After having extreme success with ''Series/TheHollywoodSquares'' (1966-80), creator Creator/MerrillHeatter designed two later game shows that shared the motif of trivia questions being asked of a celebrity panel: ''Series/{{Battlestars}}'' (1981-82) and ''Series/AllStarBlitz'' (1985). The former was almost literally RecycledInSpace, and the latter combined the general idea with a word game.≤* Three interactive game shows debuted on the Family Channel in 1994; board game adaptation ''Boggle'', list-ordering game ''Shuffle'', and newspaper game adaptation ''Jumble''. Each one played almost exactly the same way; use the telephone keypad to answer the questions, lowest scorer in each round is eliminated, last one standing wins a trip. The three shows all used the exact same music package and sound effects, and had the same host/announcer tandem (Wink Martindale & Randy West). They even shared the same set (though to be fair, each show DID have a few unique set pieces).≤* Creator/TerryNation recycled the plots to the Dalek stories he wrote for ''Series/DoctorWho''. Eventually, the production team called him on it, forcing him to write a Dalek origin story.≤* ''Series/MutantX'', Marvel making a live-action ''Franchise/XMen'' show despite no longer having the live-action rights to the X-Men. ≤* Creator/DanSchneider has a tendency to recycle episode plots from his earlier shows. One example is the ''Series/ICarly'' episode "iSaved Your Life", which is very similar to the ''Series/DrakeAndJosh'' episode "Josh Loves Mindy". Both episodes involve the main characters falling in love with a major character. The AntiHero character then guilts one of the involved parties into believing that the love may be superficial, forcing them to break-up to satisfy StatusQuoIsGod.≤[[/folder]]≤≤[[folder:Music]]≤* Nearly all of Music/JohannSebastianBach's concertos for one or more harpsichords were transposed transcriptions of his concertos for other instruments, including the two violin concertos, Brandenburg Concerto No. 4, the Flute Concerto, and the concertos for two violins and for violin and oboe.≤* A number of Music/JosephHaydn's piano trios are reworkings of his solo piano sonatas, or parts thereof.≤* The final movement of Music/WolfgangAmadeusMozart's famous Piano Sonata in C K545 is almost identical to that of his Piano Sonata in F K135.≤* Music/LudwigVanBeethoven's String Quintet in C minor Op. 104 was a reworking, in a different instrumental medium, of his Piano Trio in C minor Op. 1/3.≤* Music/FranzSchubert reused a passage from the scherzo of his "Death and the Maiden" String Quartet in his 12 Ländler D790.≤* Creator/JohannesBrahms adapted the theme from the song "Wie Melodien zieht es mir" as the second theme from the Violin Sonata in A, Op. 100.≤* John Fogerty was once sued by his former label (the one who represented him when he was with Music/CreedenceClearwaterRevival, before his solo career) for sounding too similar to himself. In other words, they thought "The Old Man Down the Road" (which he recorded as a solo act for his 1985 album ''Centerfield'') sounded too much like "Run Through the Jungle" (to which they owned the rights.) Fogerty won the case by performing both songs in the courtroom, illustrating the notable difference (though the songs ''do'' sound somewhat alike).≤** Unlike most musicians, Fogerty no longer had the publishing rights to his CCR songs; he had surrendered those and all future royalties to get out of his contract with Fantasy Records. With the departure of head Saul Zaentz from the company, the two sides have reconciled.≤** "Born on the Bayou" also sounds like the aforementioned songs.≤* The band Renaissance had a hit with "Northern Lights". A couple of years later they recorded "Bonjour Swansong" which has an almost identical tune.≤* Music/MikeOldfield's "Man in the Rain", "Moonlight Shadow", and "Poison Arrows" all sound extremely alike. Oldfield also repeated in ''Tubular Bells II'' as a {{Leitmotif}} a melody from "Guilty".≤** Speaking of "Moonlight Shadow", Groove Coverage, after covering it, made a SuspiciouslySimilarSong titled "Little June".≤* The style of the covers on Music/TwistedSister's Christmas album are influenced from some of their older songs. For instance, "Oh Come All Ye Faithful" is done in the style of "We're Not Gonna Take It", and even lampshades it by using a part of its solo too.≤** "We're Not Gonna Take It" itself ''already'' sounds a lot like "O Come All Ye Faithful".≤* Music/{{Nickelback}} have been accused of this in most of their songs, especially "How You Remind Me" and "Someday." A mashup layering those two specific songs over each other went viral for a spell, though some editing and speeding up of tempos was needed to make the two songs fit together completely seamlessly. ≤* The trance group Kaycee remixed Binary Finary's "1998", then made "Sunshine", which is a SuspiciouslySimilarSong to said tune.≤* Music/TheKinks released "You Really Got Me" in the summer of 1964. "All Day and All of the Night" was released in October of the same year. These songs are practically identical, with nearly the same riffs and lyrics.≤** Ray Davies is a prolific self-plagiarist. The liner notes for one Kinks compilation point out that you can take any random Kinks song and find another very similar song elsewhere in their discography.≤** The riff to "All Day and All of the Night" was (probably deliberately) self-plagiarized in the verses and refrains to "Destroyer" in 1981.≤* Bachman Turner Overdrive's 1975 single "Hey You" blatantly recycles the arrangement and much of the tune from their 1974 single "You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet". Randy Bachman's later band Ironhorse had a hit with "Sweet Lui-Louise", which also was a rewrite of "You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet", including the use of stuttering in the lead vocal.≤* Music/{{Beyonce}}'s "Halo" and Music/KellyClarkson's "Already Gone" sound similar (and were hits only months apart), and were both written/produced by Ryan Tedder of Music/OneRepublic. Clarkson was against having "Already Gone" released as a single once she heard "Halo" and noticed the similarities, but ExecutiveMeddling ensued. ≤* Music/LinkinPark's early releases are pretty much interchangeable. In fact, if you [[ look at the waveforms...]]≤** This has actually been lampshaded by the band members themselves. While promoting ''[[NewSoundAlbum A Thousand Suns]]'', they pretty much said that they could go into the studio and whip up a pre-''Minutes to Midnight'' song in five minutes.≤* Music/ChuckBerry was notorious for recycling guitar riffs and even whole songs, most famously taking "School Day" and retooling it as "No Particular Place to Go".≤* Rank 1 produced a SuspiciouslySimilarSong of Cygnus X's "The Orange Theme" titled "Black Snow", but also did an official remix of it under their own names of Bervoets & de Goejj.≤* Music/TalkingHeads has "Life During Wartime", "Walk It Down", and "Girlfriend Is Better", which all sound very much alike.≤* "Cryin'" and "Crazy" by Music/{{Aerosmith}} not only sound uncannily alike but also even have slightly similar ''names'' (both being titled a single, five-letter word beginning with "CR").≤** Not only that, they have virtually the same music video as well. Alicia Silverstone goes on delinquent sprees in both, though in the latter she is joined by Steven Tyler's then-unknown daughter Liv.≤* "With a Little Help from My Friends" and "Fixing a Hole" sound very much alike, and they are from the very same [[Music/TheBeatles Beatles]] ''[[Music/SgtPeppersLonelyHeartsClubBand album]]''.≤** A [[Music/AbbeyRoad couple albums later]], the chorus melody of "Maxwell's Silver Hammer" sounds a lot like the horn riff on the song "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" between the first verse and chorus.≤* Another example of songs from the very same album: "Born to Be Wild" and "Faster Than the Speed of Life".≤* [[ This YouTube video]] showcases a few examples of orchestral score composer Music/JamesHorner's habit of repeating melodies he's already used in previous soundtracks of his. The film music compared is the scores to ''Film/{{Avatar}}'', ''Film/{{Troy}}'', ''Film/EnemyAtTheGates'', and ''Film/{{Willow}}''.≤* In ''Music/{{Tommy}}'' Music/TheWho used an instrumental from "Rael 1" (on the album ''The Who Sell Out'') as a {{Leitmotif}}. In turn, that instrumental uses the chord sequence from the rave-up at the end of "My Generation."≤* Cascada [[SuspiciouslySimilarSong JHV'ed]] Groove Coverage's "Runaway" in "Bad Boy", then plagiarised themselves with a song ironically also titled "Runaway".≤* Music/{{Coldplay}}'s "Speed of Sound" sounds a lot like their earlier hit "Clocks".≤* ''The Rough Guide to Music/PinkFloyd'' says ''Music/{{Animals}}'' is full of this ("Dogs" recycles "Seamus", "Pigs (Three Different Ones)" copies "Have a Cigar", and "Sheep" is a pastiche of their psychedelic years).≤* The famous JeopardyThinkingMusic from ''Series/{{Jeopardy}}'', composed by Creator/MervGriffin, was self-plagiarised from a lullaby that Merv wrote for his son, Tony. The melody from the original lullaby, "A Time for Tony", was used as a prize bed on ''Series/WheelOfFortune'' for several seasons.≤* Notoriously common in the Baroque era, before copyright was invented. For instance, Music/JohannSebastianBach reused both the melody and arrangement of his own secular cantata [[ ''Tönet, ihr Pauken! Erschallet, Trompeten!'']] (Sound, ye drums! Resound, ye trumpets!) for his Christmas Oratorio. The only thing that was changed was the lyrics (not written by Bach, but a hired poet, in this case probably a man known as Picander). The cantata is now mostly known with the Christmas lyrics ''[[ Jauchzet, frohlocket]]'' (Rejoice and be merry!).≤** Shorter examples of such 'plagiarism' are known as musical parody. Quite a few of Bach's works use musical parody -- for example, a short snippet of a recitative movement of one of Bach's cantatas often turns up in another recitative from a different Bach cantata.≤* Bernard Herrmann's opera ''Wuthering Heights'' has some music you might recognize from the films he scored. Given that the opera was never performed, this is understandable.≤* Subverted with Apollo 100. The band made rock versions of classical music pieces, like those composed by Bach and Beethoven. Their song Beethoven 9 leads in to Ode to Joy in the middle of the song, in the same way as the opening to their song Joy, it turns into Ode to Joy instead of Jesu Joy of Man's Desiring.≤* Music/MerleHaggard has always been considered one of country's best lyricists. Musically,'s always seemed like he has maybe five or six tunes that he constantly recycles, sometimes altering progressions and tempos but not much else.≤* Songwriter Music/JimSteinman frequently raids his own history for choice bits that he recycles in new songs.≤** One of the best examples would be a bridge consisting mostly of the repeated line "Godspeed, godspeed, godspeed, speed us away", which has appeared in, among other songs, "Nowhere Fast" by Fire, Inc. (from the ''Film/StreetsOfFire'' soundtrack); "Bad for Good" from Steinman's own album of the same name, later covered by Music/MeatLoaf; and "Graveyard Shift", a song from his in-development ''Franchise/{{Batman}}'' stage musical.≤** The intro to "Stark Raving Love," from ''Bad for Good'', became the intro for "Holding Out for a Hero," recorded by Bonnie Tyler for the ''Film/{{Footloose}}'' soundtrack.≤** On a less specific level, Steinman has several distinctive motifs that he has employed almost to the point of cliche -- thunderous drums and a massively multitracked chorus among others -- although these may be less a case of self-plagiarism than simply his SignatureStyle.≤* Legendary Music/{{ACDC}} guitarist Angus Young once said, proudly, "People keep saying we've made the same record 13 times over but that's a filthy lie. We've made the same record 14 times over."[[note]][[DontExplainTheJoke They have one extra album in Australia, which had its tracks spread across others internationally.]][[/note]]≤* Music/TheJesusAndMaryChain are frequent abusers of this -- you really can't go one album without finding at least two (some times ''up to four'') songs that sound almost ''exactly'' the same. This is particularly noticeable with their first three albums, which were all basically retreads of each other, just in different styles.≤* Music/ScarSymmetry (yes, ''Scar Symmetry'') did this once. One of the opening riffs on the title track to ''Holographic Universe'' sounds nearly identical to the riff played during the breakdown of "Calculate the Apocalypse".≤* Save for a couple of albums, you probably won't be able to tell one Music/{{Slayer}} song from another without looking at the title or listening hard to the lyrics.≤* Music/{{Disturbed}} often uses the same ending notes for their choruses. For example, "Decadence" and "Asylum" end their choruses with the exact same notes.≤* Hybrid's single, "Blind Side", is a bit too similar to "Break My Soul" from their ''Disappear Here'' album.≤* Basshunter's ''DOTA'' and ''All I Ever Wanted'' are the same song with different lyrics. In turn, "DOTA" is based on Daddy DJ's self-titled song.≤** As well, ''Boten Anna'' was self-plagiarized into ''Now You're Gone''.≤* Music/{{Weezer}}'s Rivers Cuomo wrote, then discarded, ''Songs from the Black Hole'', a RockOpera that was going to be their second album. The first song to leak from this was "Blast Off!", and it turned out that they had reused a riff that occurs in the last verse of the song as the basis for "El Scorcho". It was probably considered fair game for recycling because of the whole LostEpisode thing -- in fact, a few other ''Songs From The Black Hole'' numbers were just plain reused out-of-context on ''Music/{{Pinkerton}}'' or as {{BSide}}s.≤** Their 2017 single "Weekend Woman" is effectively a drastically reworked version of "Burning Sun", an outtake from their 2001 self-titled album: The verse melody is identical, but the arrangement is very different, most of the lyrics are changed, and new bridge and chorus sections have been added. ≤* CountryMusic singer Keith Anderson self-plagiarized his hit "Every Time I Hear Your Name" for his later hit "I Still Miss You". Both are very similar-sounding songs about being reminded of a lover even after she's left, but the latter is a little more open-ended and could also apply to a friend or family member. (The latter also has different co-writers.)≤* One of the biggest causes of controversy between fans of Music/{{Dragonforce}} and non-fans is how much they're guilty of this. The nonfans will go as far as to say they have ''one song'', which they make minor key changes on and present as a different one.≤* Since they both steal from ''everyone'' it shouldn't be surprising to discover that Peter Schickele has stolen from Music/PDQBach at least twice. One of Schickele's earliest compositions, the overture to ''The Civilian Barber'' was written based off of P.D.Q.'s notes[[note]]In fact, only the cast list, one aria and a short suite have survived to modern times.[[/note]] and the ''Variations'' in Schickele's ''Serenade for Three'' come from the title character's IAmSong in P.D.Q.'s dramatic oratorio, ''Oedipus Tex''.≤* Music/FiveFingerDeathPunch pretty clearly recycled the riff in the bridge of "The Way of the Fist" to use for the main riff of "Burn It Down".≤* Cory Hall sometimes plagiarises his own piano music compositions.≤* The second half of "The Way Home" by Thyx, a solo project by Stefan Poiss of, uses the same rhythm and synth progression of MIAB's "Doubt".≤* Music/TobyKeith's "God Love Her" is pretty much a rewrite of his 2004 single "Whiskey Girl". Similar tempo and arrangement, and both are about TheLadette.≤* Session musician Hargus "Pig" Robbins improvised the intro to Music/RonnieMilsap's 1976 single "(I'm a) Stand by My Woman Man", and unintentionally ended up making one nearly identical to the one he played on Charlie Rich's "Behind Closed Doors" three years prior. According to a 2004 Milsap compilation album, the similarities nearly led to a lawsuit.≤* Music/LoreenaMcKennitt's song "Beneath a Phrygian Sky" is more than reminiscent of her earlier famous song "The Bonny Swans".≤** "Standing Stones" is very similar to the earlier "Stolen Child", as is "Never-Ending Road" to her setting of the Yeats poem "The Two Trees".≤* As WebVideo/ToddInTheShadows pointed out, Rednex followed up their reworking of Cotton-Eye Joe with "Old Pop in an Oak", which had an almost identical melody and instrumentation to the former. "The Way I Mate" also falls victim to this.≤* Guitarist Stuart Zechman, a member of Stabbing Westward who also did some work with the band Music/{{Filter}}, wrote an identical chorus riff for both Stabbing Westward's "Ungod" and Filter's "Hey Man, Nice Shot". The bands mutually agreed not to sue for plagiarism, and Stabbing Westward very rarely plays "Ungod" live, since "Hey Man, Nice Shot" was released as a single and became the much better-known song.≤* Music/RageAgainstTheMachine worked on an officially untitled collaboration (usually referred to as "Revolution" or "You Can't Kill the Revolution", due to the lyrics in the chorus) with Music/{{Tool}} for the soundtrack to the film ''Judgment Night'': The song was scrapped because neither band were satisfied with it, but RATM reused its lengthy instrumental coda as the verse music for "New Millennium Homes". "Thinking of You" by Music/APerfectCircle also has a similar rhythm to this same collaboration, which could simply be coincidence, although Maynard James Keenan did co-write it.≤* For the "Würm" section of "Starship Trooper" by Music/{{Yes}}, Steve Howe reused a recurring riff from "Nether Street", a song by his pre-Yes band Bodast.≤** Guitar riffs Steve used on Yes' ''Union'' ("I Would Have Waited Forever", in particular) can also be heard in Steve's 1991 solo album, ''Turbulence''.≤* Music/RedHotChiliPeppers' "Hump De Bump" has similarities to their earlier song "American Ghost Dance", including an identical bass-line in the verse section. In fact, a WorkingTitle for "Hump De Bump" was "Ghost Dance 2000" for this very reason.≤* Don Henley's solo hits "Dirty Laundry" and "Drivin' with Your Eyes Closed" have the same verse melody as his earlier "Life in the Fast Lane" with the Music/{{Eagles}}.≤* Music/GiorgioMoroder has reused a five-note descending-ascending riff in a number of his more obscure recordings, in much more widely known songs.≤* In a similar instance to their Theatre example, Music/{{U2}} does it again. They copied the riff off "[[ Raised by Wolves]]" from the very first track off their very first album, "[[ I will Follow]]". ≤* Music/HankWilliams' "Move It On Over" and "Mind Your Own Business". Some of this is just due to both being uptempo songs using the TwelveBarBlues progression, but the chorus melodies are similar enough that you could switch lyrics between the two. ≤* Music/RonnieMilsap's "A Woman in Love" sounds nearly identical to Music/ClayWalker's "What's It to You", particularly on the chorus. Both songs were written by Curtis Wright.≤* After Howard Devoto left {{Music/Buzzcocks}} and started {{Music/Magazine}}, Pete Shelley played him a descending guitar riff and told him he could use it for his new band: It became the the chorus of "Shot By Both Sides" by Magazine, but Shelley also used it for the Buzzcocks song "Lipstick". ≤* Vince [=DiCola=] worked in the soundtracks of ''Film/RockyIV'' and ''WesternAnimation/TheTransformersTheMovie'' with a short gap between them. As a result, the respective antagonists' [[{{Leitmotif}} musical themes]] "Ivan Drago Suite" and "Unicron Medley", both composed by him, sound very similar. ≤* Music/JohnBarry re-used the main chord progression from his theme song for ''Film/YouOnlyLiveTwice'' in the ''Film/MidnightCowboy'' theme song. There are also some obvious similarities in his scores for ''Film/{{Walkabout}}'' and ''Film/OutOfAfrica''.≤* Music/TheBangles' "Manic Monday", written by Music/{{Prince}}, has a verse melody nearly identical to "1999".≤* Brazilian rock band Engenheiros do Hawaii did this in ''the same album'': In ''O Papa É Pop'' (which translates as "The pope is pop", the pope in question being John Paul II), the song "Perfeita Simetria" ("Perfect symmetry") has the same music of the title song "O Papa É Pop", but a completely different lyrics. The symmetry in the song's title has a [[DoubleMeaningTitle double meaning]]: it refers to the harmonic relationship the coulpe in the lyrics used to have, and, in a meta sense, it's [[LampshadeHanging a nod to]] the identical melody of both songs. ≤* Barbara Mandrell's "Tonight" (1977) and John Conlee's "Lady Lay Down" (1978) are both lush waltz-tempo CountryMusic ballads, but they're also really close in structure and melody. You might accuse the Conlee song of being a ripoff of the Mandrell song, until you learn they were both written by Rafe [=VanHoy=] and Don Cook.≤* Music/HansZimmer does this so often, Creator/ChristopherNolan had to forbid Zimmer from doing this for ''Film/{{Interstellar}}''.≤* [[Music/MarcBolan T. Rex]]'s "The Motivator" is practically a rewrite of "Get It On (Bang A Gong)," and "banging gongs" is mentioned in "Rip Off," and all three songs are on the same album, ''Music/ElectricWarrior''.≤[[/folder]]≤≤[[folder:Theatre]]≤* Music/GilbertAndSullivan plundered Gilbert's old "Bab Ballads" for plot ideas on a few occasions.≤* In ''Theatre/SpiderManTurnOffTheDark'', Bono and The Edge sometimes just take some of Music/{{U2}}'s songs and put different lyrics (one is blatantly the same as "Vertigo"!).≤* Some of the music in ''Theatre/{{Chess}}'' borrows from songs written by composers Benny Andersson and Bjorn Ulvaeus for Music/{{ABBA}}. In particular, the chorus of "I Know Him So Well" was based on the chorus of "I Am An A" and the chorus of "Anthem" used the chord structures from the guitar solo from "Our Last Summer".≤** Their musical ''Kristina från Duvemåla'' features some music recycled from Andersson's solo albums. The most noticeable is "Ljusa Kvällar Om Våren," which is based on the second segment of the titular suite from ''Klinga Mina Klockor''.≤* Music/GeorgeFredericHandel did this by re-casting 'Come Zephyrs, Come', which got cut from ''Semele'' as 'How Bless'd the Maid' from ''Hercules'', with only small changers to the middle section. Both are very pretty arias, probably intended for the same actress. Both operas flopped (they're arguably better than his more famous works but opera was rapidly going out of favour as it was getting denounced as decadent by many in the Anglican church at the time), so neither version is heard much.≤* The plots of Shakespeare's ''Theatre/{{Othello}}'' and ''Theatre/{{Cymbeline}}'' are nigh-identical until the climax. Both feature a forbidden love between a woman of high standing and an inadequate man, who is then convinced that his love is unfaithful by a wicked Italian, and decides to kill her as a result. Bonus points for the Italian antagonists being called Iago and Iachimo, the latter possibly meaning 'little Iago'.≤[[/folder]]≤≤[[folder:Video Games]]≤* ''Franchise/MegaMan'' creator Creator/KeijiInafune got so fed up with Capcom that he broke away and tried to create what was essentially a new version of Mega Man, called ''VideoGame/MightyNumber9''. Of course, since ''Mighty Number 9'' flopped and was followed shortly thereafter by ''VideoGame/MegaMan11'' (which was more successful and actually released by Capcom) this was all for nothing.[[note]]While technically Inafune did not design Mega Man himself, he was more or less the creative director of his games[[/note]]≤* ''VideoGame/{{Quake}}'' and ''VideoGame/{{Doom}}''. Practically the only thing that distinguished [[VideoGame/QuakeI the first]] ''Quake'' from the latter series was that it had mouse-look and used true 3D instead of sprites.≤** Also, ''VideoGame/{{Doom 3}}'', ''VideoGame/QuakeIV'', and the 2009 version of ''[[VideoGame/{{Wolfenstein 2009}} Wolfenstein]]'' all use the same engine.≤* Between the SNES ''Super VideoGame/PunchOut'' and the Wii remake, Nintendo made a similar boxing game called ''VideoGame/{{Teleroboxer}}'' for the UsefulNotes/VirtualBoy.≤* After ''VideoGame/{{Turok}} 2'' came out, Acclaim made another comic book-based FPS called ''Armorines: Project S.W.A.R.M'' that ran on the same engine.≤* The UsefulNotes/VirtualBoy shooter ''VideoGame/VerticalForce'' is very similar to the earlier shmups ''Soldier Blade'' and ''VideoGame/StarSoldier''. All of them were made by Creator/HudsonSoft.≤* In 1995, Atari Games released ''VideoGame/{{Area 51}}'' which is a LightGunGame that uses digitalized actors for the characters and 3D for everything else. Two years later, they released another light-gun shooter named ''Maximum Force'' which had a different theme but was pretty much identical otherwise. Both games used the [=COJag=] (Coin Operated [[UsefulNotes/AtariJaguar Jaguar]]) system board, and many of the machines ended up converted into 2-in-1 machines with both ''Area 51'' and ''Maximum Force''.≤* Some reviews accused ''VideoGame/FossilFighters'' of being an in-house ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'' clone from Nintendo, since they're both {{Mons}} games--and the initial evil you fight is ''very'' similar to Team Rocket. However, aside from that, there's not a whole lot that the two games share mechanics-wise, and even story-wise after about the halfway point.≤* Harmonix created ''Karaoke Revolution'' for {{Creator/Konami}} and the first two ''VideoGame/GuitarHero'' games. After Creator/{{Activision}} purchased Red Octane, Harmonix were left with the rights to those games' source code, but not their brand names. Their next project was ''VideoGame/RockBand'', which used a tweaked version of ''VideoGame/GuitarHero''[='=]s gameplay for guitar, and a tweaked version of ''Karaoke Revolution''[='=]s for vocals.≤** ''VideoGame/RockBand Unplugged'' and the DS version of ''[[VideoGame/LegoAdaptationGame Lego]] Rock Band'' in turn cribbed from ''Amplitude'', a rhythm game they developed for Sony prior to ''VideoGame/GuitarHero''. Just so you know, [[ Sony vetoed a direct sequel to that game even after Harmonix became a major developer]], so...≤* Like ''VideoGame/RockBand'' above, the ''VideoGame/CallOfDuty'' series was created by former ''VideoGame/MedalOfHonor'' developers. In turn, the later ''[=MoH=]'' games had gameplay rather similar to ''[=CoD=]'', with [[RecycledTitle the reboot]] going up as direct competition to ''VideoGame/ModernWarfare''.≤* In 1997, 3DRealms released a first-person shooter called ''ShadowWarrior'', a game based on the Build engine, about a loud-mouthed guy with big guns who likes breaking stuff and quipping sarcastic remarks about enemies he just killed. [[VideoGame/DukeNukem3D What does that remind you of]]?≤* Between ''VideoGame/ColonyWars: Vengeance'' and ''Red Sun'', Creator/{{Psygnosis}} released a very similar space flight simulator called ''Blast Radius'' done on the same engine.≤* ''VideoGame/DonkeyKong64'' is widely considered to be a ''VideoGame/BanjoKazooie'' clone, thanks to the massive amount of collectables and level design in ''[=DK64=]'', both staples of ''Banjo-Kazooie''. Both games were made by Creator/{{Rare}}.≤* The Capcom ''VisualNovel/HarveyBirdmanAttorneyAtLaw'' game plays more or less like a sillier version of ''VisualNovel/AceAttorney''.≤* Taito's ''Ashura Blaster'' is very similar to Toaplan's ''VideoGame/TwinCobra'', which was also published by Taito.≤* ''VideoGame/SuperSmashBros Melee'' uses a version of "Bowser in the Dark World" from ''VideoGame/SuperMario64'' for its main menu.≤* ''Viper Phase 1'' is this towards ''VideoGame/{{Raiden}}'', except [[RecycledInSpace set in space]]. Both were made by Seibu Kaihatsu, and it shows. How so? It got an UpdatedRerelease to make it more in line with the ''Raiden'' games, not to mention the UsefulNotes/PlayStation port of the first game getting the former's soundtrack as an unlockable.≤* Data Design Interactive made a few games for the Wii; ''VideoGame/NinjabreadMan, Trixie in Toyland, Anubis II''[[labelnote:*]]It's ''Anubis the Second''. There is no game called ''Anubis I''.[[/labelnote]], and ''Rock 'n' Roll Adventures''. Sadly, if you play one, you've played them all; they're all just re-skins of the same lame game. All four games even share the same HUD display... and some of the same music as well! Some of the music is also used in their equally terrible ''Billy the Wizard''.≤* A few months after releasing the [=PS1=] shooter ''Kileak'' on the Playstation, developer Genki made ''Robotica'' for the Sega Saturn, another mech-based dungeon crawling FPS about the sole survivor of an assault team exploring a remote complex swarming with hostile automatons. ≤* Two years after the success of the original ''VideoGame/EarthDefenseForce'', series publisher D3 released ''Simple 2000 Vol. 78: The Great Space War''(aka: ''Space War Attack''), a flight action game that, like ''EDF'', has the player fighting a variety of giant bubs, Kaijus and alien aircrafts and with a similar goofy and low-budget vibes. It is unclear if ''Space War Attack'' is officily meant to be a EDF spin-off (The game has a different developer[[note]]While the main ''EDF'' games are developed by Sandlot, ''Space War Attack'' was made by Bit Town, the developers of the ''VideoGame/{{Sidewinder}}'' series, from which the game recycles a lot of assets[[/note]] and, beside a brief mention of the Earth Defense Force in the intro, no ''EDF'' branding or any recognizable characters or elements from the series) but the intent to reuse the formula is obvious enough. ≤[[/folder]]≤≤[[folder:Web Original]]≤* Quoth WebVideo/DarkLordJadow1, regarding developer Digital Homicide's use of the same game:≤-->In my Digital Homicide Library review I covered a game of theirs called ''Krogwars'', a shitty ''Videogame/SpaceInvaders'' clone with a glitch that often failed to load the next level, leaving you stuck on a blank screen. The game was literally unplayable. After ''Krogwars'' got onto Steam, they released ''Wyatt Derp'' (which was the exact same game as ''Krogwars'' only with the spaceships replaced with cowboys), ''Wyatt Derp 2'' (Which was the exact same game as ''Wyatt Derp 1'' only with the camera rotated a bit), and ''Withering Kingdoms: Arcane War'' (which was the same game as ''Krogwars'' and ''Wyatt Derp'' only this time it was wizards). All three of these games passed through Steam Greenlight because itís easy to make a Space Invaders clone look playable in a 30 second trailer, and so Digital Homicide began absolutely spamming ''Krogwars'' clones onto Greenlight feeling they had struck a gold mine of easy revenue.≤* ''WebVideo/GameGrumps:'' [[ The Grumps played]] ''VideoGame/NinjabreadMan'' precisely ''because'' it was by the same developer as ''Trixie in Toyland'', [[ which they had played the previous day]]. Dan remarks that the game is literally just a reskin of ''Trixie''. Arin goes on to point out that even the music and sound effects are identical.≤-->'''Dan:''' It is a fucking totally, just, reskinned ''Trixie in Toyland''. It is exactly the same game.\≤'''Arin:''' Like, like they said to themselves "this game is ''so'' genius that it cannot be contained in one game."\≤'''Dan:''' This is the ''Franchise/SuperMarioBros'' of "games that are bullshit".≤* ''Podcast/HowDidThisGetMade'': While reviewing ''Film/MaximumOverdrive'', the hosts discuss how Creator/StephenKing refines his ideas, as ''Maximum Overdrive'' has plot points similar to both ''Film/{{Christine}}'' (intelligent, malicious machines and vehicles) and ''Literature/TheMist'' (protagonists trapped by the threat).≤-->'''Jason Mantzoukas:''' He's always honing an idea, but he's putting his first draft out here. "I'm going to do that same exact thing, but I'm going to do it a little bit different over here." \≤'''Andrew Daly:''' He's not like [[Literature/ToKillAMockingbird Harper Lee]]. We don't gotta wait 50 years for [[Literature/GoSetAWatchman the first draft]].\≤'''Jason:''' Finally, a good Harper Lee book. ≤[[/folder]]≤≤[[folder:Western Animation]]≤* In the animated short "WesternAnimation/GoliathII", a crocodile appears based on the crocodile Tick-Tock from ''WesternAnimation/PeterPan''. Some of the animation comes from previous animated movies including ''WesternAnimation/AliceInWonderland'' and ''WesternAnimation/{{Dumbo}}''.≤* The history of Creator/HannaBarbera cartoon studio is ''rife'' with this. To put it in short: After ''Franchise/ScoobyDoo'' was a huge hit, they made an ''enormous'' number of in-house copycats, each following the 'team of teens plus one wacky animal(ish) sidekick solve mysteries/fight evil' mold. Examples include ''WesternAnimation/{{Jabberjaw}}'', ''WesternAnimation/SpeedBuggy'', ''WesternAnimation/TheFunkyPhantom'', ''WesternAnimation/CaptainCavemanAndTheTeenAngels'', ''WesternAnimation/JosieAndThePussycats'', and ''WesternAnimation/TheAmazingChanAndTheChanClan''. This actually got so bad that Boomerang once had a block called "Those Meddling Kids", which showcased ''WesternAnimation/ScoobyDoo'' and its many, many rip-offs.≤** And of course, ''WesternAnimation/TheSmurfs'' and ''WesternAnimation/TheSnorks''. (And the ''Trollkins''. And the ''Biskitts''. And the ''Paw-Paw Bears''. And the gets the picture.)≤** Way earlier, in the footsteps of WesternAnimation/YogiBear and Boo-Boo there were quite a lot of tall/small animal duos.≤** And the 'family in a period other than the present,' started with ''WesternAnimation/TheFlintstones'', continued with ''WesternAnimation/TheJetsons'' and ''WesternAnimation/TheRomanHolidays''. Given that ''The Flintstones'' was essentially a ripoff of ''Series/TheHoneymooners''...≤* ''Film/TeamAmericaWorldPolice'' self-plagiarised the self-referential "Montage" song from ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark''.≤* The first couple of ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'' episodes had CutawayGag[=s=] not unlike its more popular sister show ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy''. Since the premise and art style are already very similar, those kind of jokes were dropped to make the show more unique. More prominently, ''WesternAnimation/TheClevelandShow'', which could be described as "''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'', but black".≤** [[ This]] parody by Website/CollegeHumor turns Creator/SethMacFarlane's use of this trope UpToEleven.≤** Lampshaded in a gag on ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'', which had ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' labelled as plagiarism, and ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'' labelled as plagiarism ''of'' plagiarism.≤* He-Man's DistaffCounterpart [[WesternAnimation/SheRaPrincessOfPower She-Ra]], since virtually every main character on ''She-Ra'' was an {{Expy}} of a character on ''He-Man''.≤** ''WesternAnimation/{{Bravestarr}}'' was a ''little'' more distinct, but still basically He-Man with a sci-fi/western theme in place of sci-fi/fantasy.≤* ''WesternAnimation/ThunderCats''. ''WesternAnimation/SilverHawks''. ''[[WesternAnimation/TheComicStrip TigerSharks]]''. [[RecycledINSPACE Recycling]] was big in TheEighties.≤* When ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' became an unexpected success, Hasbro followed that up with ''[[WesternAnimation/LittlestPetShop2012 Littlest Pet Shop]]''. Also animated using Flash by the same studio and using the same group of voice actors, it also shares some writers (but not all of them). In both shows, the central character is an intellectual young woman, fashion is a major theme, one of her friends is a pink energetic goofball, there are a lot of musical sequences (sharing Daniel Ingram as a composer), and seasons end in a two-parter. It was not able to match ''Friendship Is Magic'' in popularity, but it still lasted until the network changed from The Hub to Discovery Family. That being said, the different writers and their opposite directions in its fantasy elements (''Friendship Is Magic'' has magic permeating the whole setting, but ''Littlest Pet Shop'' is limited to one character [[spoiler:and her mother]] being able to talk to animals) resulted in the two shows feeling very different from each other. ≤* The ''WesternAnimation/DuckTales1987'' [[RecycledScript recycled a script]] between series: ''Talespin's'' "Time Bandit" episode and ''Ducktale's'' "Allowance Day".≤* ''WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures'' often took the premise of older ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' shorts and redid them for UsefulNotes/TheNineties.≤[[/folder]]≤≤[[folder: Real Life]]≤* Some college professors will let you submit a revised version of work from a previous course or a modified version of what you're producing for another class if you ask, but this is generally not advisable and more likely than not to be treated as an offense just as bad as classic plagiarism.≤[[/folder]]≤----


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