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1-> '''Blank Paper:''' ...More recently, musicals have been based on movies like ''Film/MyFavoriteYear'', ''Film/{{Footloose}}'', ''Film/DirtyRottenScoundrels'', ''Film/{{Big}}'', ''Film/SaturdayNightFever'', ''Film/TheWeddingSinger'', ''Film/TheFullMonty'', ''Film/TheProducers'' (inhales) ''Film/ThoroughlyModernMillie'', ''Film/{{Hairspray}}'', ''WesternAnimation/BeautyAndTheBeast'', ''Film/BillyElliot'', ''[[Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail Spamalot]]''-- \²'''Jeff:''' Wow! So movies make good musicals? \²'''Blank Paper:''' Well, [[DamnedByFaintPraise they make musicals]].²-->-- ''Theatre/TitleOfShow''²²It's usually the case that [[TheFilmOfThePlay hit plays get turned into movies]]. But more and more nowadays, the opposite is happening, with films being translated for the stage. Some say it's a sign of intellectual bankruptcy in theatre. Hollywood has the same problem, but there are a lot more new successful movies in the last two decades than new successful plays. So the stealing ends up being one way.²²These are usually musicals even when they weren't in the first place (see AllMusicalsAreAdaptations); AdaptationDecay usually occurs here. Movie musicals are also frequently adapted for the stage, and these tend to [[Main/AdaptationExpansion acquire additional songs]] in the stage version.²²This trope can be taken one step further, by going from movie, to stage musical, to RecursiveAdaptation movie-of-the-stage-musical.²²[[InvertedTrope Inversion]] of TheFilmOfThePlay. ²----²[[foldercontrol]]²²[[folder:Film musicals adapted for the stage]]²* ''Film/FortySecondStreet''²* ''Film/AnAmericanInParis''²* ''WesternAnimation/{{Anastasia}}''²* ''Film/BugsyMalone''²* ''Film/CalamityJane''²* ''Film/ChittyChittyBangBang''²* ''Theatre/CinderellaRodgersAndHammerstein'' was originally produced for CBS television. Interestingly, the first time it was produced on stage seems to have been a definitely non-standard {{Pantomime}} adaptation which played London in 1958. Currently there are ''three'' licensed versions: One based on the original TV staging, one that owes more to the 1997 TV movie, and the completely rethought Broadway version of TheNewTens.²** Their one written-for-film musical, ''Film/StateFair'', was adapted for Broadway in 1996.²* ''Film/CryBaby''²* ''Film/DirtyDancing''²* ''{{Film/Fame}}''²* ''Film/{{Flashdance}}''²* ''Film/{{Footloose}}''²* ''Film/ForbiddenZone'': ''Sacred Fools Theater Company'' performed a stage version in 2010.²²* ''Film/{{Gigi}}''²* ''Film/Grease2'': Guy Unsworth adapted it into ''Cool Rider''.²* ''Film/HighSchoolMusical'' (First two films)²* ''Film/HighSociety''²* ''Film/HolidayInn''²* ''Film/{{Labyrinth}}'': ''Shepparton Kids In Theatre'' adapted it in 1999. The Henson company is currently working on another production.²* ''Film/MaryPoppins''²* ''Film/MeetMeInStLouis'': A stock version appeared in the 1960s, and a somewhat different version reached Broadway in 1989.²* ''Film/{{Newsies}}''²* ''WesternAnimation/TheNightmareBeforeChristmas'' was adapted by Seattle's Can-Can theatre company as ''This Is Halloween''.²* ''Film/{{Once}}''. Possibly belongs in "originally not a musical" territory, as much of its music is diegetic. However, if it does, so does...²* ''Film/TheProducers'', which has even less InUniverse singing. Three songs from the original movie were carried over.²* ''{{Film/Scrooge 1970}}''²* ''Film/SevenBridesForSevenBrothers''²* ''Film/ShockTreatment''²* ''Film/SinginInTheRain''²* ''WesternAnimation/SouthParkBiggerLongerAndUncut'': There have been two unofficial adaptations - one by the Berklee College of Music with only the musical numbers, and a "24-Hour Musical" version by University College Dublin.²* ''Film/SwingTime'' was adapted as the stage show ''Never Gonna Dance,'' which premiered on Broadway in 2003.²* ''Film/ThoroughlyModernMillie''²* ''Film/TopHat''²* ''Film/VictorVictoria''²* ''Film/WhiteChristmas''²* ''Film/WillyWonkaAndTheChocolateFactory'' has two unconventional takes on this trope going for it, in that neither of the following is officially an adaptation of the film ''but'':²** ''Roald Dahl's Willy Wonka'', from 2005, has a script that's more [[Literature/CharlieAndTheChocolateFactory book-accurate]], but includes all the familiar songs, new Leslie Bricusse-penned numbers, and a variation on the Slugworth subplot that was unique to the film.²** When ''Theatre/CharlieAndTheChocolateFactory'' launched in the West End in 2013, it only borrowed [[BootstrappedTheme "Pure Imagination"]] from the movie and was otherwise a fresh take on the novel with [[InternalHomage a few internal homages to it and other adaptations]]. However, the extensive Broadway {{Retool}} of 2017 (now the standard version of the libretto) tossed out several of the original songs and substituted them with most of the corresponding numbers from the '71 film.²* ''Film/TheWizardOfOz'' (the 1939 movie) has inspired several musicals. One was allowed to use the songs from the movie but not any of the dialogue that wasn't in the original book. The most recent, in 2011, was adapted by Creator/AndrewLloydWebber and Creator/TimRice and included several new songs.²* ''Film/{{Xanadu}}''²* WesternAnimation/DisneyAnimatedCanon examples: ²** The company started making big Broadway productions out of its [[Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon animated movies]] in the 1990s with ''WesternAnimation/BeautyAndTheBeast'', although there was a stage production of ''WesternAnimation/SnowWhiteAndTheSevenDwarfs'' that played N.Y.C.'s Radio City Music Hall in 1979 and was even filmed for TV and video. Disney has since put ''WesternAnimation/TheLionKing'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Tarzan}}'', ''WesternAnimation/TheLittleMermaid'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Aladdin}}'', and ''Theatre/{{Frozen|2018}}'' on Broadway and sometimes the West End with varying levels of success. ²** There is also a production of ''WesternAnimation/{{The Jungle Book|1967}}'' on the U.S. regional circuit.²** There's a whole series of "Kids" and "Junior" adaptations of other canon films (''WesternAnimation/AliceInWonderland'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Mulan}}'', etc.) specifically designed for children to perform. ²** ''My Son Pinocchio'' deserves special mention as it's a Screen-to-TV-to-Stage adaptation: a stage version of the ''WesternAnimation/{{Pinocchio}}'' TwiceToldTale TV musical ''Film/{{Geppetto}}''!²** Their two stage adaptations of ''Theatre/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame'', while utilizing most of the songs and a few plot elements from the [[WesternAnimation/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame Disney film]], more closely follow Creator/VictorHugo's [[Literature/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame original novel]] -- DownerEnding included.²[[/folder]]²²----²[[folder:Stage musicals based on non-musical films (original film in parenthesis if necessary)]]²* ''Against All Hope''²* ''Applause'' (''Film/AllAboutEve'')²* ''Film/{{Arthur}}'' (Died in the pre-Broadway tryout stage)²* ''Film/BackToTheFuture'' was in development with Music/AlanSilvestri writing songs and Creator/RobertZemeckis producing, but quietly fell into development hell until 2020.²* ''The Baker's Wife'' (''La Femme du Boulanger'')²* ''Film/{{Barbarella}}''²* ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}''²* ''Film/{{Big}}''²* ''Film/BillyElliot''²* ''Film/TheBodyguard''²* ''Film/BreakfastAtTiffanys'' (Considered one of the biggest flops in Broadway history -- it only had four previews, and never officially opened)²* ''Theatre/BulletsOverBroadway''²* ''Busker's Alley'' (''Sidewalks of London''; intended for Broadway but closed during out-of-town tryouts)²* ''Carmelina'' (''Film/BuonaSeraMrsCampbell'', which also inspired the book for ''Mamma Mia!'')²* ''Carnival!'' (''Lili'')²* ''Film/CatchMeIfYouCan''²* ''A Catered Affair'' (''The Catered Affair'')²* ''Film/AChristmasStory''²* ''Theatre/DirtyRottenScoundrels''²* ''Donnybrook!'' (''Film/TheQuietMan'')²* ''Film/{{Elf}} The Musical''²* ''Theatre/EvilDeadTheMusical''²* ''Fanny'' (Marcel Pagnol's film trilogy)²* ''Film/TheFly1986'' was adapted into an '''opera''' in 2008. The film's composer Howard Shore provided the music, and the world premiere staging was conducted by Placido Domingo and directed by Creator/DavidCronenberg himself.²* ''For the Boys''²* ''FreakyFriday'' (which then received a Creator/DisneyChannel movie adaptation)²* ''Film/TheFullMonty'' (This film later had a non-musical stage adaptation as well)²* ''Film/{{Ghost}}: The Musical''²* ''Film/TheGoodbyeGirl'' (Adapted by screenwriter Creator/NeilSimon himself)²* ''Grand Hotel''²* ''Theatre/GreyGardens''²* ''Film/GroundhogDay''²* ''Theatre/{{Hairspray}}''²* ''Hazel Flagg'' (''Nothing Sacred'')²* ''{{Theatre/Heathers}}''²* ''Henry, Sweet Henry'' (Both the novel and movie ''The World of Henry Orient'')²* ''Here's Love'' (''Film/MiracleOnThirtyFourthStreet''; in recent years, that's become the official title)²* ''Film/HighFidelity''²* ''Illya Darling'' (''Never on Sunday'')²* ''Jedi!'' (A comedic adaptation of the original Franchise/StarWars trilogy; its successful run in Chicago was shut down by Lucasfilm)²* ''King of Hearts''²* ''Film/KinkyBoots''²* ''Theatre/LaCageAuxFolles''²* ''Theatre/LegallyBlonde''²* ''Theatre/LittleShopOfHorrors'' (The Creator/RogerCorman B-movie ''Film/TheLittleShopOfHorrors'')²* ''Look to the Lilies'' (''Lilies of the Field'')²* ''Film/LoveStory''²* ''Make a Wish'' (''The Good Fairy'', which in turn was based on a play of the same name)²* ''A Man of No Importance'' is based on the 1994 film of the same name starring Albert Finney.²* ''Theatre/MaxAndRuby''²* ''Theatre/MeanGirls''²* ''Film/{{Metropolis}}''²* ''Minsky's'' (''TheNightTheyRaidedMinskys'')²* ''Film/MrsDoubtfire}}''²* ''Theatre/MyFairLady'' has the unusual credit "adapted from Bernard Shaw's ''Theatre/{{Pygmalion}}'' produced on the screen by Gabriel Pascal." (It uses several elements that were created for the film, including the details of the ball scene and the AdaptationalAlternateEnding.)²* ''Film/MyFavoriteYear''²* ''Theatre/NineMusical'' (''EightAndAHalf'')²* ''9 to 5'' (Featuring a song score by Dolly Parton, who co-starred in the film)²* ''Nosferatu the Vampire'' ²* ''Passion'' (''Passione d'amore'')²* ''Film/PeggySueGotMarried''²* ''Priscilla Queen of the Desert'' (''The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert''; both the movie and musical are written by Stephen Elliot)²* ''Theatre/PromisesPromises'' (''Film/TheApartment'')²* ''Film/TheRedShoes1948''²* ''Film/ReeferMadnessTheMusical''²* ''Theatre/ReturnToTheForbiddenPlanet''²* ''Film/RoadHouse''²* ''Film/RomyAndMichelesHighSchoolReunion''²* ''Film/SaturdayNightFever''²* ''Film/SecondhandLions'', which oddly [[ArtifactTitle does not feature the titular lion]]!²* ''Film/{{Shenandoah}}''²* ''Theatre/ShrekTheMusical''²* ''Theatre/SilenceTheMusical'' ("The unauthorized parody of" ''Film/TheSilenceOfTheLambs'')²* ''Film/SilkStockings'' (''Film/{{Ninotchka}}'')²* ''Film/SisterAct''²* ''Film/{{Smile}}''²* ''Theatre/{{Spamalot}}'' ("Lovingly ripped off from" ''Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail'')²* ''Theatre/SpiderManTurnOffTheDark'' (Heavily, if unofficially, based on the first two movies about the character)²* ''Sugar'' (''Film/SomeLikeItHot''; a 1992 London staging used that title instead)²* ''Sunset Boulevard''²* ''Theatre/SweetCharity'' (''Film/NightsOfCabiria'')²* ''Theatre/TanzDerVampire'' (''Film/TheFearlessVampireKillers''; the original production was directed by Roman Polanski, who directed the film)²* ''Film/{{Tootsie}}''²* ''Film/TheToxicAvenger''²* ''Urban Cowboy''²* ''Film/{{Waitress}}''²* ''Film/TheWeddingSinger''²* ''Whistle Down the Wind''²* ''Who Framed Roger Rabbit'' (A production adapted from the 1988 movie was first performed in 1993 by a community theatre in Naperville, Illinois and in Los Angeles in 1994)²* ''Film/WomanOfTheYear''²* ''A Wonderful Life'' (''Film/ItsAWonderfulLife'')²* ''Film/YoungFrankenstein''²* Some stage adaptations of novels had input from people involved with movie adaptations of them.²** The musical version of ''Literature/{{Carrie}}'' shared a scriptwriter with the movie and is ''still'' a Broadway byword for unmitigated failure in Screen-To-Stage Adaptationalizing. SoBadItsGood or unredeemably awful? [[ You decide.]] (Betty Buckley, who played Miss Collins in the movie and Carrie's mom here, salvaged a song for her album. More recently, it provided a ShowWithinAShow on ''Series/{{Riverdale}}''.)²** ''Film/TheColorPurple'' counted among its producers two people who worked on the movie version -- Quincy Jones (co-producer) and Oprah Winfrey (she played Sofia).²[[/folder]]²----²[[folder:Non-musical stage adaptations of movies]]²* ''Film/CalendarGirls'': Originally a true story, the tale of a group of WI members' creation of a nude calendar to benefit a local cancer ward was first made into a film, and then the film was adapted by Tim Firth into a stage play.²* ''Film/{{Clue}} on Stage'': A 2018 stage adaptation of the 1985 cult comedy classic (based on the [[TabletopGame/{{Clue}} board game]]), using Jonathan Lynn's original script with alterations done by Hunter Foster, Eric Price, and Sandy Rustin. The stageplay follows the same basic plot and script as the movie, with a few new changes -- Mrs. Peacock is now a religious zealot in addition to being the corrupt wife of a senator, Professor Plum's [[AllMenArePerverts lustful tendencies]] have been expanded into him now believing himself to be God's gift to women, and -- most notably -- there are no alternate endings, with the movie's third ending being the only one used here.²* ''WesternAnimation/HowToTrainYourDragon Arena Spectacular''²* ''Film/NightOfTheLivingDead1968'': The public domain status, and relatively low budget the film had makes it an easy and convincing transfer onto stage.²* ''Theatre/The39Steps'' is a PlayedForLaughs adaptation of the 1935 film ''Film/{{The 39 Steps|1935}}'' that uses just [[EconomyCast four actors]]! (Although it was originally a novel, ''Literature/TheThirtyNineSteps''.)²* ''Film/TheManFromEarth''²* ''Film/ThePinkPantherStrikesAgain'': Created for amateur stagings in TheEighties, this is a PragmaticAdaptation that scales down the action but preserves the style and tone of the film.²* ''Film/{{Point Break|1991}} Live!'' is a tongue-in-cheek retelling that uses an audience member to fill Keanu Reeves's role (dialogue is provided on cue cards).²* ''Film/TwelveAngryMen'': Technically, it was a play before it was a movie. However, it started as a teleplay on CBS' ''Studio One'' program, and the two versions have almost exactly the same script. The movie has an extra, very short, intro scene.²----²!!Stage musicals based on manga and/or anime (these tend to be series of musicals that follow successive story arcs):²* ''Musical Manga/ThePrinceOfTennis'', known by fans as Tenimyu²* ''Rock Musical Manga/{{Bleach}}'', known as Burimyu²* ''Theatre/SailorMoon'', known as ''Seramyu''²* ''Manga/{{Saiyuki}} Kagekiden''²* ''Manga/AirGear''²* ''Dear Boys''²* ''Butai Ban Fuma No Kojiro''²* ''Anime/MagicalPrincessMinkyMomo'': This adaption was an original story where a new Minky Momo goes to London.²* ''Anime/RevolutionaryGirlUtena''²* ''VideoGame/{{PriPara}}''²* ''Live Spectacle Anime/{{Naruto}}''²* ''Anime/DanceWithDevils''²* ''Manga/NintamaRantarou'' Musical²* ''Manga/{{Haikyuu}}''²* ''Manga/YowamushiPedal''²* ''Manga/DiamondNoAce''²----²!!Special Mention²* ''Theatre/Persona3TheWeirdMasquerade'', based on the video game ''VideoGame/{{Persona 3}}''.²* ''Gyakuten Saiban - Yomigaeru Shinjitsu'', based on the ''Franchise/AceAttorney'' video game series.²* ''Franchise/{{Danganronpa}} The Stage'', based on ''VisualNovel/DanganronpaTriggerHappyHavoc'', ''VisualNovel/SuperDanganRonpa2'', and the Future Arc of the anime ''Anime/DanganRonpa3''.²* ''VideoGame/FateGrandOrder THE STAGE: Holy Round Table's Domain Camelot - Replica; Agateram'', based on of the very popular and milestone sixth story chapter of the ''Fate/Grand Order'' mobile RPG.²²!!Stage adaptations from other sources:²* ''Series/TheAddamsFamily'': officially adapted from the original comic strip rather than TV show, though the producers did obtain permission to use the show's famous ThemeTune in the score.²* ''[[Series/HappyDays Happy Days: a New Musical]]''²* ''Franchise/KingdomHearts'' actually has unofficial stage adaptations done in Germany by the performing group Tsuki no Senshi. They did adaptations for the original ''Kingdom Hearts'', ''VideoGame/KingdomHeartsChainOfMemories'', and ''VideoGame/KingdomHeartsII''.²* ''Franchise/SpiderMan: Turn Off the Dark''²* ''It's a Bird...It's a Plane...It's Superman''²* In the 1980s there were two stage adaptations of Creator/TheBBC Scotland sitcom ''City Lights'', starring the original cast.²* ''Series/DoctorWho'' stage plays include ''Doctor Who and the Daleks in the Seven Keys to Doomsday'' (1974) and ''Doctor Who -- The Ultimate Adventure'' (1989). The ''earliest''--and possibly UrExample--is ''The Curse of the Daleks'', written by Terry Nation and David Whitaker, from 1965. The episode [[Recap/DoctorWhoS30E10Midnight "Midnight"]] was also [[ adapted to the stage]] in a small student production. ²* In Japan, some particularly popular games have received screen-to-stage adaptations of their own, such as ''VideoGame/{{Persona 4}} Visualive'', which adapts a chunk of the game's story to stage; and ''VideoGame/PhantasyStarOnline2 -ON STAGE-'', which features an original story based on the game.²* ''WesternAnimation/SpongeBobSquarePants'' received a Broadway musical, ''Theatre/TheSpongebobMusical'', with a score composed by many famous artists, including Aerosmith, They Might Be Giants, The Flaming Lips[[note]] who had previously done a promotional song for the first [=SpongeBob=] movie[[/note]], John Legend, Lady Antebellum, and David Bowie. ²* ''VideoGame/EnsembleStars On Stage'' tends to be a mix of event adaptations and original interquels.²* ''VideoGame/ToukenRanbu'' has both a stage play and a musical.²[[/folder]] ²----


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