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1The world is full of wonderful things, with countless new discoveries paving the way to whole new scientific fields. A hundred years ago, fields like genetics, quantum physics and computer sciences were either almost unheard of, or simply did not exist yet. Go back a hundred years more, and more scientific disciplines we know today did not exist yet.˛˛ScienceFiction writers have picked up on this, and creating a whole new scientific field has become a common method to show that this is TheFuture. It also helps legitimize their AppliedPhlebotinum (especially if it's a MinovskyPhysics-type one) by telling us that there's a whole scientific field dedicated to it, making it feel more like an ingrained part of the work's setting.˛˛May ''or'' may not be a fictional extension of an already existing RealLife discipline. SuperTrope to FantasticScience, which is when the new "science" studies/explains the supernatural. Not to be confused with FictionScience.˛˛----˛!!'''Examples'''˛˛[[foldercontrol]]˛˛[[folder: General ]]˛˛* So many sci-fi works across the various media forms have Psionics, the "[[ClarkesThirdLaw scientific]]" study of PsychicPowers, that listing them all would overshadow the rest of the examples.˛* Some SpeculativeFiction settings have fictional social sciences such as Asimov's psychohistory, which allow for not only description of social situations but far more accurate way of predicting future human actions or large scale developments in human society than is possible at present.˛* Many forms of FasterThanLightTravel will be associated with some sort of supporting field of science, often some sort of variant of SubspaceOrHyperspace in their name.˛* Humans who study alien planets and lifeforms will often add the prefix xeno- (from the Greek word "xenos" meaning "outsider", "foreigner" or "stranger") to the name of an existing science, resulting in designations like xenobiology, xenoarcheology, xenolinguistics and so on.˛˛[[/folder]]˛˛[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]˛˛* ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam'' gives us [[http://gundam.wikia.com/wiki/Gundam_Wiki:Technology#Minovsky_Physics Minovsky Physics]], a branch of (particle) physics dedicated to the [[TropeNamers eponymous]] {{Minovsky P|hysics}}article.˛* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'' has a passing reference or two to [[http://wiki.evageeks.org/Metaphysical_Biology Metaphysical Biology]], which is implied (both from in-universe clues and from the name) to be the "[[OurSoulsAreDifferent science of souls]]". We never get a proper explanation of ''what exactly it is about'', though.˛˛[[/folder]]˛˛[[folder: Comics ]]˛˛* In the Creator/MarvelComics ''ComicBook/CivilWar'' series, [[ComicBook/FantasticFour Reed Richards]] helps Comicbook/IronMan with the Superhuman Registration Act because he'd calculated the future of society by [[PrescienceByAnalysis Psychohistory]]. In one issue, he explicitly stated that he'd been fascinated by Asimov's description about the discipline as a child, and as a result, had actually {{defictionaliz|ation}}ed it in-universe. He and Johnny even went and brought the Thinker to his HQ and showed him his equations, as aside from Reed he was probably the only one who could understand them.˛˛[[/folder]]˛˛[[folder: Literature ]]˛˛* Creator/IsaacAsimov:˛** "Literature/TheDeadPast":˛*** Neutrinics, the study and detection of neutrinos. During 1956, the particle was purely theoretical, a way to explain what happened to the law of conservation of mass and energy. Dr Asimov was inventing [[{{Technobabble}} scientific-sounding nonsense]] to justify the {{Chronoscope}} and past-viewing.˛*** Gravitics, the study of gravitational fields (also containing pseudo-gravitics, the study of artificial gravitational fields). Foster got his doctorate in an even ''narrower'' field, the study of how photons move in artificially generated gravity. Foster's expertise in this field gives him new insight into the unrelated neutrinics, allowing him to design a visual-only chronoscope [[HomemadeInventions using only the equipment available in a household workshop]].˛** ''[[Literature/{{Foundation}} The Foundation Series]]'':˛*** Psychohistory is the science of [[PrescienceByAnalysis predicting the behaviours of groups]], from countries to worlds to galaxies, developed by Hari Seldon. Few specifics are given about this science, but its ability to create [[TheProphecy prophecy]] drives the plot of every story. Psychohistory isn't designed to predict the actions of an individual, although the more advanced scientists of the field do so on a regular basis. The mathematics contain unique symbols that describes reactions and are often [[TranslationConvention rephrased for the audience as statements in English]]. The term Psychohistory was invented by Dr Asimov, but psychologists adopted it for use in their field, although its RealLife counterpart has a different meaning.˛*** "Literature/TheEncyclopedists": Symbolic logic is a field where language is parsed more simply, where words and concepts are transformed into symbols. Mayor Hardin uses it to analyze the various statements given to Terminus from Anacreon and the Empire, which finally proves to the Board of Trustees that they've been abandoned. Later stories would have Seldon mention similar symbols used by psychohistory.˛** "Literature/HomoSol": The [[HumanoidAliens alien humans]] have numerous scientific and technological advances. Even their psychology is far in advance of ours, with mathematical notation and rules such as Kraut's Law and Karolean tensors. Of course, [[HumansByAnyOtherName the humans of Sol]] are [[HumansThroughAlienEyes completely strange]], being considered [[HumansAdvanceSwiftly mad scientists]] as well as [[HumansAreWarriors fierce fighters]], requiring [[HumansAreSpecial the invention of a new mathematical notation system]] to represent our mob psychology.˛** "Literature/TheImaginary": This story adds more details to the alien psychology, which combines elements of neurology and physiology. The story mentions new mathematical notations and rules, such as Demane's Integral, Wilbon's Theorem, and ''[[FictionalDocument Helo's Tables of Time Integrals]]''.˛** ''Literature/LuckyStarrAndTheBigSunOfMercury'': Hyperoptics is a brand-new field of science that studies the effects of photons in [[SubspaceOrHyperspace hyperspace]]. Mr Mindes is trying an experiment which will result in being able to control how sunlight hits the Earth.˛** ''Literature/RobotSeries'':˛*** Robopsychology, which Susan Calvin pretty much invented herself.˛*** Asimov's stories predated the development of Robotics as a science, so when he had characters in his stories as scientists working with robots, he used the word "Robotics" to describe it, thinking the word already existed. It was in fact the first publicized use of the word, and Asimov is now credited with its creation.˛* From the ''Literature/AnitaBlake'' series Preternatural Biology, the study of preternatural (magic/paranormal) creatures, like dragons, yeti, vampires, what have you. It's actually portrayed fairly realistically (for instance dragons aren't magic exactly and don't breathe fire, they are giant lizards, many of them hunted to extinction, and trolls are a kind of primate closely related to humans).˛* Creator/GordonRDickson's ''Literature/ChildeCycle'' - The Exoctics have a social science called ontogenetics that allow them to perceive patterns in human history and to a certain degree predict which individuals and events will be key points in the evolution of humans to a higher state of being. While the exact details are intentionally left vague, it is said to involve calculations that take into account every person in all the world, as well as how institutions and societies shape the pattern of history and human evolution. One component of the science is the idea that certain individuals have an unusually large impact on the pattern of history. Creator/GordonRDickson often uses this as something of a {{lampshade|Hanging}} and [[JustifiedTrope in-universe justification]] for the fact that his MainCharacters (some arguably rising to the level of TheChosenOne) all play a major role in the movement of the MythArc toward his planned final ending, which sadly was never revealed in full because of AuthorExistenceFailure.˛* Pthiriology, the study of lice, from ''The chair of Pthiriology'' chapter of ''Literature/{{Gog}}''. The eponymous protagonist said that he wanted to create at the University of W. a chair that does not exist in any university in the world. Among the many proposals, this one was his favourite. The person who wrote it wanted to study lice not only from a taxonomic and biological perspective, but also culturally, in the arts and literature, politics and religion, giving many example of its significance in these fields.˛* ''Literature/HarryPotter'': Magizoology, the magical equivalent of zoology.˛* Creator/StanislawLem's novel ''Literature/{{Solaris}}'' has "solaristics", the study of the titular planet.˛* Parts of the ''Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse'' have Sith alchemy, slower and more scientific than the other things Sith learned - there's not usually the same emphasis on patience and repeated trials - and something that only Force-Sensitives could get much out of. Sith could study and apply this to create metals that lightsabers couldn't burn through, and twist animals and people into monsters.˛˛[[/folder]]˛˛[[folder: Live Action TV ]]˛˛* ''Franchise/StarTrek'' has [[FasterThanLightTravel Warp Theory]], [[TimeTravel Temporal Mechanics]], Exoarchaeology ("Exo-" as in "Exoterrestrial"), Exobiology, Exogenetics, and Exochemistry.˛* The Franchise/StargateVerse has [[OurWormholesAreDifferent Wormhole Physics]]. As does ''{{Series/Farscape}}''.˛˛[[/folder]]˛˛[[folder: Tabletop RPG ]]˛˛* ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' has Parazoology and Parabotany, the scientific study of Awakened (magical) animals and plants, respectively.˛˛[[/folder]]˛˛[[folder: Webcomics ]]˛˛* ''Webcomic/{{Artifice}}'' features a robopsychologist.˛* ''Webcomic/RankAmateur'''s TokenHuman is Dimensional Physicist Hannah Teal. The field mostly involves [[FasterThanLightTravel hyperdrives]], although the Dimension Cannon - a powerful ultraweapon capable of destroying time itself - is also based on this.˛* ''{{Webcomic/Comc}}'': Asafeiology. Explained partially in TheRant of the [[https://sites.google.com/site/comccomic/archive/comcnewyearsspecial2014 2014 New Year's special.]]˛* In ''Webcomic/QuestionableContent'', [[https://questionablecontent.net/view.php?comic=3652 Evie]] is a [=Ph.D.=] candidate in post-[[TheSingularity Singularity]] psychology, studying the minds of {{Artificial Intelligence}}s and their integration into human society.˛-->'''Evie:''' I've actually got an AI colleague who's studying me studying AI.˛[[/folder]]˛----

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