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The whole thing was the brainchild of two military hand-to-hand experts: Vasili Oshchepkov, an apprentice to Jigoro Kano and judo teacher for the Red Army, and Viktor Spiridonov, an expert in many forms of traditional wrestling who developed an interest in Japanese concepts due to a crippling war wound. Independently from each other, they started elaborating their own versions of a grappling style that would contain all what they knew and could find out about wrecking people. Added to the efforts of avid sportsman Anatoly Kharlampiyev, a disciple to Oshchepkov who had the political connections to get it done, what is known today as sambo took a recognizable form in 1938, becoming the official fighting style of all of Russia and its native badasses. Ironically, and because this was USSR, Oshchepkov ended up accused of being a Japanese spy and executed after being arrested by a squad of his own trainees; he was posthumously declared innocent many years later, but by them it's not like he cared anymore.

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The whole thing was the brainchild of two military hand-to-hand experts: Vasili Oshchepkov, an apprentice to Jigoro Kano and judo teacher for the Red Army, and Viktor Spiridonov, an expert in many forms of traditional wrestling who developed an interest in Japanese concepts due to a crippling war wound. Independently from each other, they started elaborating their own versions of a grappling style that would contain all what they knew and could find out about wrecking people. Added to the efforts of avid sportsman Anatoly Kharlampiyev, a disciple to Oshchepkov who had the political connections to get it done, what is known today as sambo took a recognizable form in 1938, becoming the official fighting style of all of Russia and its native badasses. Ironically, and because this was USSR, Oshchepkov ended up accused of being a Japanese spy and executed after being arrested by a squad of his own trainees; he was posthumously declared innocent many years later, but by them then it's not like he cared anymore.


Sambo (acronym for an expression translated as "unarmed self-defense") is a Russian martial art and combat sport. It is a direct offshoot of UsefulNotes/{{Judo}} mixed with several Eurasian wrestling styles, and as such, it is based around throwing the opponent to the ground and/or lock him with wicked joint locks and chokes, combined with minor striking. It was originally created as a military hand-to-hand style in the vein of UsefulNotes/KravMaga, but very unlike the latter, it adapted very successfully to sports competition, being a semi-popular fixture of ProfessionalWrestling and UsefulNotes/MixedMartialArts.

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Sambo (acronym for an expression translated as "unarmed self-defense") is a Russian martial art and combat sport. It is a direct offshoot of UsefulNotes/{{Judo}} mixed with several Eurasian wrestling styles, and as such, it is based around throwing the opponent to the ground and/or lock him with wicked joint locks and chokes, combined with minor striking. It was originally created as a military hand-to-hand style in the vein of UsefulNotes/KravMaga, but very unlike the latter, it has adapted very successfully to sports competition, being a semi-popular fixture of ProfessionalWrestling and UsefulNotes/MixedMartialArts.



* Wrestling/NewJapanProWrestling mainstay Hiroshi Hase learned sambo in the USSR and used several of its moves.

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* Wrestling/NewJapanProWrestling mainstay Hiroshi Hase learned sambo in the USSR and used several of its moves. His trainee, Wrestling/KendoKashin, got a lot of his moveset from the same place.


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* Kaientai Dojo junior Makoto Oshi also had a background in sambo, and uses its suplexes in the ring. He even used to go under the name of Sambo Oishi.


[[quoteright:300:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/sambo.jpeg]]
[[caption-width-right:300:From Russia with locks.]]



[[quoteright:300:https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/sambo.jpeg]]
[[caption-width-right:300:From Russia with locks.]]

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* Wrestling/{{Goldberg}} had some sambo influence on his moveset, including some rolling leglocks he learned in tapes.


->''"If Sambo was easy, it would be called Jiu Jitsu."''

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->''"If Sambo sambo was easy, it would be called Jiu Jitsu.[[UsefulNotes/BrazilianJiuJitsu jiu-jitsu]]."''



* Boris Alexiev, the old shooter gimmick of Wrestling/SantinoMarella, was billed as a sambo practitioner (among other styles).
* After he was moved to WWECW, Wrestling/VladimirKozlov started wearing red robes and gear reflecting his real life sambo background.

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* The late Fumihiro "Sambo" Asako was a sambist turned wrestler in Wrestling/ProWrestlingNOAH.
* Tom Howard, an American wrestler with a sambo background, made usage of his sweeps and leglocks in Ultimate Pro Wrestling and Wrestling/ProWrestlingZERO1.
* Boris Alexiev, the old shooter gimmick of Wrestling/SantinoMarella, was billed as a sambo practitioner (among of sambo (and several other styles).
* After he was moved to WWECW, Wrestling/VladimirKozlov started wearing red robes and gear reflecting his real life sambo background.
background, although he used little actual sambo in his wrestling style.



* In the ''WesternAnimation/TheCloneWars'', the clones' hand-to-hand fighting style was patterned after sambo, with a lot of leglocks entries from between the legs.

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* In the ''WesternAnimation/TheCloneWars'', the clones' hand-to-hand fighting style was patterned after sambo, with a lot of leglocks entries from between including the legs.signature Victor Koga Roll entry.


* ''[[Manga/KenganAshura Kengan Omega]]'' features Tokumichi Tokuno'o (or Nitoku), a BrilliantButLazy Japanese fighter who learned and mastered Sambo at 20 when he went to study literature in Russia. Despite being one of the best fighters in the world and could have a fortune by fighting in the Kengan tournaments, he is a StarvingArtist, as he only fights for the bare minimum money to continue writing and publishing his books (which were all flops).

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* ''[[Manga/KenganAshura Kengan Omega]]'' features Tokumichi Tokuno'o (or Nitoku), a BrilliantButLazy Japanese fighter who learned and mastered Sambo sambo at 20 when he went to study literature in Russia. Despite being one of the best fighters in the world and could have a fortune by fighting in the Kengan tournaments, he is a StarvingArtist, as he only fights for the bare minimum money to continue writing and publishing his books (which were all flops).



* Nikolai from ''Film/UndisputedIILastManStanding'' is all but stated to be a former sambist. Sambo is also implied to be among Yuri Boyka's martial arts.




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* In the third ''Film/NeverBackDown'' film, a Russian PRIDE veteran is brought to train Brody in sambo leglocks. [[spoiler:Only that he's actually a mole sent to cripple him.]]



* Jason Chambers and Bill Duff of ''Series/HumanWeapon'' traveled to Russia to train in various styles of Sambo, with their trip culminating in Bill going up against a fighter hand-picked by MMA legend Fedor Emelianenko.

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* Jason Chambers and Bill Duff of ''Series/HumanWeapon'' ''Human Weapon'' traveled to Russia to train in various styles of Sambo, sambo, with their trip culminating in Bill going up against a fighter hand-picked handpicked by MMA legend Fedor Emelianenko.



* Wrestling/NewJapanProWrestling mainstay Hiroshi Hase learned sambo in the USSR and used several of its moves.

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* Wrestling/NewJapanProWrestling mainstay Hiroshi Hase learned sambo in the USSR and used several of its moves.moves.
* Boris Alexiev, the old shooter gimmick of Wrestling/SantinoMarella, was billed as a sambo practitioner (among other styles).
* After he was moved to WWECW, Wrestling/VladimirKozlov started wearing red robes and gear reflecting his real life sambo background.

[[AC:WesternAnimation]]
* In the ''WesternAnimation/TheCloneWars'', the clones' hand-to-hand fighting style was patterned after sambo, with a lot of leglocks entries from between the legs.

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[[AC:Live-Action TV]]
* Jason Chambers and Bill Duff of ''Series/HumanWeapon'' traveled to Russia to train in various styles of Sambo, with their trip culminating in Bill going up against a fighter hand-picked by MMA legend Fedor Emelianenko.


* The incredibly grappling-rich ''Film/JohnWick'' series'' stars an eponymous character played by Creator/KeanuReeves whose main fighting style is sambo. Throughout the movies, he disposes of innumerable mooks with a combination of GunFu and grappling moves, and at one point in the first movie gets to take part in a full-fledged grapplefest with a DarkActionGirl. The third film reveals that he's a Belarusian sambist.

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* The incredibly grappling-rich ''Film/JohnWick'' series'' series stars an eponymous character played by Creator/KeanuReeves whose main fighting style is sambo.a combination of sambo grappling and Center Axis Relock shooting. Throughout the movies, he disposes of innumerable mooks with a combination of GunFu and grappling moves, and at one point in the first movie gets to take part in a full-fledged grapplefest with a DarkActionGirl. The third film reveals that he's a Belarusian sambist.


* In the ''Film/JohnWick'' series, the title character combines his Center Axis Relock shooting style with a lot of grappling moves, with the third film revealing he's a Belarusian sambist.

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* In the The incredibly grappling-rich ''Film/JohnWick'' series, the title series'' stars an eponymous character combines his Center Axis Relock shooting played by Creator/KeanuReeves whose main fighting style is sambo. Throughout the movies, he disposes of innumerable mooks with a lot combination of GunFu and grappling moves, and at one point in the first movie gets to take part in a full-fledged grapplefest with the a DarkActionGirl. The third film revealing reveals that he's a Belarusian sambist.



* The Japanese Wrestling/UniversalWrestlingFederation and its many derivates had many sambo fighters doing pro wrestling for them, starting with renowned Dutch champion Chris Dolman. Its outshoot Fighting Netork RINGS had entire teams of those, with names like Wrestling/VolkHan and Wrestling/AndreiKopylov standing out in its Russian branch.

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* The Japanese Wrestling/UniversalWrestlingFederation and its many derivates derivatives had many sambo fighters doing pro wrestling for them, starting with renowned Dutch champion Chris Dolman. Its outshoot Fighting Netork RINGS had entire teams of those, with names like Wrestling/VolkHan and Wrestling/AndreiKopylov standing out in its Russian branch.

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* In the ''Film/JohnWick'' series, the title character uses a lot of grappling moves, with the third film revealing he's a Belarusian sambist.

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* In the ''Film/JohnWick'' series, the title character uses combines his Center Axis Relock shooting style with a lot of grappling moves, with the third film revealing he's a Belarusian sambist.

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->''"If Sambo was easy, it would be called Jiu Jitsu."''
-->--'''Khabib Nurmagomedov'''



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* ''[[Manga/KenganAshura Kengan Omega]]'' features Tokumichi Tokuno'o (or Nitoku), a BrilliantButLazy Japanese fighter who learned and mastered Sambo at 20 when he went to study literature in Russia. Despite being one of the best fighters in the world and could have a fortune by fighting in the Kengan tournaments, he is a StarvingArtist, as he only fights for the bare minimum money to continue writing and publishing his books (which were all flops).


* '''Combat sambo''': essentially vale tudo with armors and quick-draw rules. Its competitors fight with gloves, helmets and shin protections, which comes in handy for a ruleset that effectively allows throws, submissions and strikes. Unusually for a combat sport, combat sambo is perfectly fine with headbutts, soccer kicks and even low blows; the only real techniques it forbids are pulling guard and sitting on the mat, as it is usually done in Brazilian jiu-jitsu, as well as wrist locks.

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* '''Combat sambo''': sambo''' (popularly known as '''commando sambo''' in Japan): essentially vale tudo with armors and quick-draw rules. Its competitors fight with gloves, helmets and shin protections, which comes in handy for a ruleset that effectively allows throws, submissions and strikes. Unusually for a combat sport, combat sambo is perfectly fine with headbutts, soccer kicks and even low blows; the only real techniques it forbids are pulling guard and sitting on the mat, as it is usually done in Brazilian jiu-jitsu, as well as wrist locks.



* '''ARB''': a weird style invented in the 1970s by the Soviet Airborne Troops. While some of its practitioners will deny any relation to sambo, it is very clearly an offshoot of combat sambo, with the main differences being a tatami instead of a wrestling mat, judogis instead of the usual attire, and grappling being limited beyond throwing. Instead, its rules favor striking, making it vaguely similar to UsefulNotes/{{Taekwondo}}.

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* '''ARB''': a weird style invented in the 1970s by the Soviet Airborne Troops. While some of its practitioners will deny any relation to sambo, it is very clearly an offshoot of combat sambo, with the main differences being a tatami instead of a wrestling mat, judogis instead of the usual attire, and grappling being limited beyond throwing. Instead, its rules favor striking, making it vaguely similar to UsefulNotes/{{Taekwondo}}.UsefulNotes/{{Taekwondo}}.

!!Appearances in media

[[AC:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* The ''Manga/HighSchoolExcitingStoryTough'' manga features some practitioners of sambo based on real life wrestlers.

[[AC:{{Film}}]]
* In the ''Film/JohnWick'' series, the title character uses a lot of grappling moves, with the third film revealing he's a Belarusian sambist.

[[AC:ProfessionalWrestling]]
* The Japanese Wrestling/UniversalWrestlingFederation and its many derivates had many sambo fighters doing pro wrestling for them, starting with renowned Dutch champion Chris Dolman. Its outshoot Fighting Netork RINGS had entire teams of those, with names like Wrestling/VolkHan and Wrestling/AndreiKopylov standing out in its Russian branch.
* Wrestling/NewJapanProWrestling mainstay Hiroshi Hase learned sambo in the USSR and used several of its moves.


[[caption-width-right:300:From Russia with joint locks.]]

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[[caption-width-right:300:From Russia with joint locks.]]

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