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* ''Scutellosaurus'' ("lizard with small shields", not to be confused with the near-reptile ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs Scutosaurus]]'') has traditionally been the most primitive thyreophoran, variably classified in the Scelidosaurids or in its own family, Scutellosaurids. Discovered only in the 1980s, ''Scutellosaurus lawleri'' was also a small bipedal animal with a similar look, but slighty bigger, longer-tailed, more robustly-built than the lesothosaur, and with longer forelimbs: some think was partially quadruped. More importantly, it had a light armor made by small bony plates placed in rows upon its torso, similar to that of the bigger ''Scelidosaurus''. Like the scelidosaur, ''Scutellosaurus'' lived in Early Jurassic, but was found not in Europe like the former but in Arizona, where the popular double-crested ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Dilophosaurus]]'' lived: some portrayals have shown the scutellosaur as that dinosaur's prey, but this is not confirmed.

to:

* ''Scutellosaurus'' ("lizard with small shields", not to be confused with the near-reptile ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs Scutosaurus]]'') has traditionally been the most primitive thyreophoran, variably classified in the Scelidosaurids or in its own family, Scutellosaurids. Discovered only in the 1980s, ''Scutellosaurus lawleri'' was also a small bipedal animal with a similar look, but slighty bigger, longer-tailed, more robustly-built than the lesothosaur, and with longer forelimbs: some think was partially quadruped. More importantly, it had a light armor made by small bony plates placed in rows upon its torso, and a row of plates along its backbone from neck to tail: all similar to that the armor of the bigger ''Scelidosaurus''.''Scelidosaurus'', but without the "horns" on its head. Some could say ''Scutellosaurus'' was a bit like a primitive miniature ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Tenontosaurus]]'' because of its very developed tail longer than the rest of the body from nose to hips (''Scelidosaurus'' had a more normally-long tail). Like the scelidosaur, ''Scutellosaurus'' lived in Early Jurassic, but was found not in Europe like the former but in Arizona, where the popular double-crested ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Dilophosaurus]]'' lived: some portrayals have shown the scutellosaur as that dinosaur's prey, but this is not confirmed. If it had "feathers" or not, this is unknown: but if it had them, they were intersparse between the bony scutes that give to it its name.


'''The First Armor against Predators:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scutellosaurus Scutellosaurus]]''

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'''The First Armor against the Predators:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scutellosaurus Scutellosaurus]]''


'''The First Armor:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scutellosaurus Scutellosaurus]]''

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'''The First Armor:''' Armor against Predators:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scutellosaurus Scutellosaurus]]''


* ''Scutellosaurus'' ("lizard with small shields", not to be confused with the near-reptile ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs Scutosaurus]]'') has traditionally been the most primitive thyreophoran, variably classified in the Scelidosaurids or in its own family, Scutellosaurids. Discovered only in the 1980s, was also a small bipedal animal with a similar look, but slighty bigger, longer-tailed, more robustly-built than the lesothosaur, and with longer forelimbs: some think was partially quadruped. More importantly, it had a light armor made by small bony plates placed in rows upon its torso, similar to that of the bigger ''Scelidosaurus''. Like the scelidosaur, ''Scutellosaurus'' lived in Early Jurassic, but was found not in Europe like the former but in Arizona, where the popular double-crested ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Dilophosaurus]]'' lived: some portrayals have shown the scutellosaur as that dinosaur's prey, but this is not confirmed.

to:

* ''Scutellosaurus'' ("lizard with small shields", not to be confused with the near-reptile ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs Scutosaurus]]'') has traditionally been the most primitive thyreophoran, variably classified in the Scelidosaurids or in its own family, Scutellosaurids. Discovered only in the 1980s, ''Scutellosaurus lawleri'' was also a small bipedal animal with a similar look, but slighty bigger, longer-tailed, more robustly-built than the lesothosaur, and with longer forelimbs: some think was partially quadruped. More importantly, it had a light armor made by small bony plates placed in rows upon its torso, similar to that of the bigger ''Scelidosaurus''. Like the scelidosaur, ''Scutellosaurus'' lived in Early Jurassic, but was found not in Europe like the former but in Arizona, where the popular double-crested ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Dilophosaurus]]'' lived: some portrayals have shown the scutellosaur as that dinosaur's prey, but this is not confirmed.


[[folder: Non-stock Basal Ornithischians]]

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[[folder: Non-stock Basal Ornithischians]]
Heterodontosaurs]]



'''The First Armor:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scutellosaurus Scutellosaurus]]''

* ''Scutellosaurus'' ("lizard with small shields", not to be confused with the near-reptile ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs Scutosaurus]]'') has traditionally been the most primitive thyreophoran, variably classified in the Scelidosaurids or in its own family, Scutellosaurids. Discovered only in the 1980s, was also a small bipedal animal with a similar look, but slighty bigger, longer-tailed, more robustly-built than the lesothosaur, and with longer forelimbs: some think was partially quadruped. More importantly, it had a light armor made by small bony plates placed in rows upon its torso, similar to that of the bigger ''Scelidosaurus''. Like the scelidosaur, ''Scutellosaurus'' lived in Early Jurassic, but was found not in Europe like the former but in Arizona, where the popular double-crested ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Dilophosaurus]]'' lived: some portrayals have shown the scutellosaur as that dinosaur's prey, but this is not confirmed.

to:

'''The First Armor:''' '''Tiny Tusked Critters:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scutellosaurus Scutellosaurus]]''

org/wiki/Echinodon Echinodon]]'' & ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruitadens Fruitadens]]''

* Heterodontosaurians were originally thought ornithopods, then ancient relatives of ceratopsians and pachycephalosaurs; today they are generally regarded as very basal ornithischians. Despite their primitiveness, heterodontosaurs not only flourished in the Early Jurassic, but also managed to survive until the Late Jurassic and even the Early Cretaceous: English ''Echinodon'' lived alongside ''Iguanodon'' and ''Hypsilophodon''! Half the length of ''Heterodontosaurus tucki'' and with small tusks only in the upper jaws, ''Echinodon'' ("hedgehog tooth") is known to science since the middle XIX century, but its classification as a heterodontosaurian has been confirmed only after the discovery of the namesake of the group (it was also briefly believed a ''Scutellosaurus'' ("lizard relative in the nineties). ''Geranosaurus'' ("crane lizard") and ''Lycorhinus'' ("wolf nose") were both found in South Africa at the start of the XX century, and also were originally not classified as heterodontosaurs because ''Heterodontosaurus'' was not known yet: ''Lycorhinus'', with small shields", not to be confused with the near-reptile its typically heterodontosaurian mammal-like dentition, was initially believed a non-dinosaurian therapsid like ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs Scutosaurus]]'') has traditionally been the most primitive thyreophoran, variably classified Cynognathus]]''. Also South-African and Early-Jurassic, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrictosaurus Abrictosaurus]]'' and ''Lanasaurus'' (the latter often synonimized with ''Lycorhinus'') were found about in the Scelidosaurids or in its own family, Scutellosaurids. Discovered same time of ''Heterodontosaurus''; the former's name, "awake lizard", is actually ironical, because it was hypothized that ''Abrictosaurus'' underwent "hibernations" (just like what has been proposed for ''Lesothosaurus'', but again, this is not demonstrated). Curiously for a heterodontosaur, ''Abrictosaurus'' was totally tusk-less, and because of this was once believed a possible female ''Heterodontosaurus'' (this originated from a confrontation with the modern musk-deers, whose males only in the 1980s, was also a small bipedal animal with a similar look, but slighty bigger, longer-tailed, more robustly-built than the lesothosaur, and with longer forelimbs: some think was partially quadruped. More importantly, it had a light armor bear tusks). Some important dinosaur discoveries that have been made by small bony plates placed in rows upon its torso, similar to since the 2009 regard the heterodontosaurian group. For example, ''Fruitadens'' ("Fruita's tooth" from the geological formation that of the bigger ''Scelidosaurus''. Like the scelidosaur, ''Scutellosaurus'' preserved it) lived in Early Jurassic, but was found not in Europe like the former but in Arizona, where Late Jurassic North America alongside the popular double-crested famous jurassic StockDinosaurs; in opposite to the "younger" ''Echinodon'', ''Fruitadens'' has tusks only in its lower jaw. With only two feet of length (the same size of a ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Dilophosaurus]]'' lived: Microraptor]]''), ''Fruitadens'' is currently the smallest known North American dinosaur; it and ''Echinodon'' are among the smallest bird-hipped dinosaurs ever discovered, only equalled by some portrayals have shown the scutellosaur as that dinosaur's prey, but this is not confirmed.
marginocephalians (ceratopsians & pachycephalosaurs) like ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Microceratus]]'' and ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifePachycephalosaurs Wannanosaurus]]'', and some "hypsilophodont" ornithopods.



'''At the Origins:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pisanosaurus Pisanosaurus]]''

* Found in the last decades of the XX century, the Argentinian ''Pisanosaurus mertii'' lived in the Middle Triassic (well before ''Coelophysis'' and ''Plateosaurus'') and shared its habitat with the alleged “first theropods" ''Herrerasaurus'' & ''Eoraptor'' and many [[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeNonDinosaurianReptiles non-dinosaur reptiles]] such as rhynchosaurs, "thecodonts", and mammal-ancestors (all these were much more common at the time than dinosaurs, never forget this). The pisanosaur still remains the most ancient ornithischian known to science, but sadly, is known only from one incomplete fossil. It was arguably similar to ''Lesothosaurus'' in shape and size, and with no armor like the latter. One significative thing is that some Triassic non-dinosaurian archosaurs were once considered basal ornithischians as well (often put in the "fabrosaurid" assemblage): ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technosaurus Technosaurus]]'' from Texas is one example, sometimes mentioned as "the most ancient North American ornithischian"; other two examples are ''Revueltosaurus'' and chinese ''Dianchungosaurus'' (the latter was believed a heterodontosaur). The evocative name ''Technosaurus'' comes from the Texas Tech University; interestingly, another basal ornithischian, the European ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emausaurus Emausaurus]]'' (known only from a skull) also derives its name from an university, the German EMAU. It is usually believed in the middle between ''Scutellosaurus'' and ''Scelidosaurus'', but some think it's a very primitive stegosaurian. Other three animals are usually considered closer to ''Scelidosaurus'' than to ''Scutellosaurus'': Portuguese ''Lusitanosaurus'' ("lizard from Portugal") and Chinese ''Bienosaurus'' and ''Tatisaurus''.

to:

'''At the Origins:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pisanosaurus Pisanosaurus]]''

* Found in the last decades of the XX century, the Argentinian ''Pisanosaurus mertii'' lived in the Middle Triassic (well before ''Coelophysis'' and ''Plateosaurus'') and shared its habitat with the alleged “first theropods" ''Herrerasaurus'' & ''Eoraptor'' and many [[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeNonDinosaurianReptiles non-dinosaur reptiles]] such as rhynchosaurs, "thecodonts", and mammal-ancestors (all these were much more common at the time than dinosaurs, never forget this). The pisanosaur still remains the most ancient ornithischian known to science, but sadly, is known only from one incomplete fossil. It was arguably similar to ''Lesothosaurus'' in shape and size, and with no armor like the latter. One significative thing is that some Triassic non-dinosaurian archosaurs were once considered basal ornithischians as well (often put in the "fabrosaurid" assemblage): ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technosaurus Technosaurus]]'' from Texas is one example, sometimes mentioned as "the most ancient North American ornithischian"; other two examples are ''Revueltosaurus'' and chinese ''Dianchungosaurus'' (the latter was believed a heterodontosaur). The evocative name ''Technosaurus'' comes from the Texas Tech University; interestingly, another basal ornithischian, the European ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emausaurus Emausaurus]]'' (known only from a skull) also derives its name from an university, the German EMAU. It is usually believed in the middle between ''Scutellosaurus'' and ''Scelidosaurus'', but some think it's a very primitive stegosaurian.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:
Other three animals are usually considered closer to ''Scelidosaurus'' than to ''Scutellosaurus'': Portuguese ''Lusitanosaurus'' ("lizard from Portugal") and Chinese ''Bienosaurus'' and ''Tatisaurus''.
Basal Ornithischians]]



'''Tiny Tusked Critters:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinodon Echinodon]]'' & ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruitadens Fruitadens]]''

* Heterodontosaurians were originally thought ornithopods, then ancient relatives of ceratopsians and pachycephalosaurs; today they are generally regarded as very basal ornithischians. Despite their primitiveness, heterodontosaurs not only flourished in the Early Jurassic, but also managed to survive until the Late Jurassic and even the Early Cretaceous: English ''Echinodon'' lived alongside ''Iguanodon'' and ''Hypsilophodon''! Half the length of ''Heterodontosaurus tucki'' and with small tusks only in the upper jaws, ''Echinodon'' ("hedgehog tooth") is known to science since the middle XIX century, but its classification as a heterodontosaurian has been confirmed only after the discovery of the namesake of the group (it was also briefly believed a ''Scutellosaurus'' relative in the nineties). ''Geranosaurus'' ("crane lizard") and ''Lycorhinus'' ("wolf nose") were both found in South Africa at the start of the XX century, and also were originally not classified as heterodontosaurs because ''Heterodontosaurus'' was not known yet: ''Lycorhinus'', with its typically heterodontosaurian mammal-like dentition, was initially believed a non-dinosaurian therapsid like ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs Cynognathus]]''. Also South-African and Early-Jurassic, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrictosaurus Abrictosaurus]]'' and ''Lanasaurus'' (the latter often synonimized with ''Lycorhinus'') were found about in the same time of ''Heterodontosaurus''; the former's name, "awake lizard", is actually ironical, because it was hypothized that ''Abrictosaurus'' underwent "hibernations" (just like what has been proposed for ''Lesothosaurus'', but again, this is not demonstrated). Curiously for a heterodontosaur, ''Abrictosaurus'' was totally tusk-less, and because of this was once believed a possible female ''Heterodontosaurus'' (this originated from a confrontation with the modern musk-deers, whose males only bear tusks). Some important dinosaur discoveries that have been made since the 2009 regard the heterodontosaurian group. For example, ''Fruitadens'' ("Fruita's tooth" from the geological formation that preserved it) lived in the Late Jurassic North America alongside the famous jurassic StockDinosaurs; in opposite to the "younger" ''Echinodon'', ''Fruitadens'' has tusks only in its lower jaw. With only two feet of length (the same size of a ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Microraptor]]''), ''Fruitadens'' is currently the smallest known North American dinosaur; it and ''Echinodon'' are among the smallest bird-hipped dinosaurs ever discovered, only equalled by some marginocephalians (ceratopsians & pachycephalosaurs) like ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Microceratus]]'' and ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifePachycephalosaurs Wannanosaurus]]'', and some "hypsilophodont" ornithopods.

to:

'''Tiny Tusked Critters:''' '''The First Armor:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinodon Echinodon]]'' & ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruitadens Fruitadens]]''

org/wiki/Scutellosaurus Scutellosaurus]]''

* Heterodontosaurians were originally thought ornithopods, then ancient relatives of ceratopsians and pachycephalosaurs; today they are generally regarded as very basal ornithischians. Despite their primitiveness, heterodontosaurs not only flourished in the Early Jurassic, but also managed to survive until the Late Jurassic and even the Early Cretaceous: English ''Echinodon'' lived alongside ''Iguanodon'' and ''Hypsilophodon''! Half the length of ''Heterodontosaurus tucki'' and with small tusks only in the upper jaws, ''Echinodon'' ("hedgehog tooth") is known to science since the middle XIX century, but its classification as a heterodontosaurian has been confirmed only after the discovery of the namesake of the group (it was also briefly believed a ''Scutellosaurus'' relative in the nineties). ''Geranosaurus'' ("crane lizard") and ''Lycorhinus'' ("wolf nose") were both found in South Africa at the start of the XX century, and also were originally not classified as heterodontosaurs because ''Heterodontosaurus'' was not known yet: ''Lycorhinus'', ("lizard with its typically heterodontosaurian mammal-like dentition, was initially believed a non-dinosaurian therapsid like small shields", not to be confused with the near-reptile ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs Cynognathus]]''. Also South-African and Early-Jurassic, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrictosaurus Abrictosaurus]]'' and ''Lanasaurus'' (the latter often synonimized with ''Lycorhinus'') were found about Scutosaurus]]'') has traditionally been the most primitive thyreophoran, variably classified in the same time of ''Heterodontosaurus''; Scelidosaurids or in its own family, Scutellosaurids. Discovered only in the former's name, "awake lizard", is actually ironical, because it 1980s, was hypothized also a small bipedal animal with a similar look, but slighty bigger, longer-tailed, more robustly-built than the lesothosaur, and with longer forelimbs: some think was partially quadruped. More importantly, it had a light armor made by small bony plates placed in rows upon its torso, similar to that ''Abrictosaurus'' underwent "hibernations" (just like what has been proposed for ''Lesothosaurus'', but again, this is not demonstrated). Curiously for a heterodontosaur, ''Abrictosaurus'' was totally tusk-less, and because of this was once believed a possible female ''Heterodontosaurus'' (this originated from a confrontation with the modern musk-deers, whose males only bear tusks). Some important dinosaur discoveries that have been made since bigger ''Scelidosaurus''. Like the 2009 regard the heterodontosaurian group. For example, ''Fruitadens'' ("Fruita's tooth" from the geological formation that preserved it) scelidosaur, ''Scutellosaurus'' lived in Early Jurassic, but was found not in Europe like the Late Jurassic North America alongside former but in Arizona, where the famous jurassic StockDinosaurs; in opposite to the "younger" ''Echinodon'', ''Fruitadens'' has tusks only in its lower jaw. With only two feet of length (the same size of a popular double-crested ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Microraptor]]''), ''Fruitadens'' is currently the smallest known North American dinosaur; it and ''Echinodon'' are among the smallest bird-hipped dinosaurs ever discovered, only equalled by Dilophosaurus]]'' lived: some marginocephalians (ceratopsians & pachycephalosaurs) like ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Microceratus]]'' and ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifePachycephalosaurs Wannanosaurus]]'', and some "hypsilophodont" ornithopods.
portrayals have shown the scutellosaur as that dinosaur's prey, but this is not confirmed.


Added DiffLines:

'''At the Origins:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pisanosaurus Pisanosaurus]]''

* Found in the last decades of the XX century, the Argentinian ''Pisanosaurus mertii'' lived in the Middle Triassic (well before ''Coelophysis'' and ''Plateosaurus'') and shared its habitat with the alleged “first theropods" ''Herrerasaurus'' & ''Eoraptor'' and many [[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeNonDinosaurianReptiles non-dinosaur reptiles]] such as rhynchosaurs, "thecodonts", and mammal-ancestors (all these were much more common at the time than dinosaurs, never forget this). The pisanosaur still remains the most ancient ornithischian known to science, but sadly, is known only from one incomplete fossil. It was arguably similar to ''Lesothosaurus'' in shape and size, and with no armor like the latter. One significative thing is that some Triassic non-dinosaurian archosaurs were once considered basal ornithischians as well (often put in the "fabrosaurid" assemblage): ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technosaurus Technosaurus]]'' from Texas is one example, sometimes mentioned as "the most ancient North American ornithischian"; other two examples are ''Revueltosaurus'' and chinese ''Dianchungosaurus'' (the latter was believed a heterodontosaur). The evocative name ''Technosaurus'' comes from the Texas Tech University; interestingly, another basal ornithischian, the European ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emausaurus Emausaurus]]'' (known only from a skull) also derives its name from an university, the German EMAU. It is usually believed in the middle between ''Scutellosaurus'' and ''Scelidosaurus'', but some think it's a very primitive stegosaurian. Other three animals are usually considered closer to ''Scelidosaurus'' than to ''Scutellosaurus'': Portuguese ''Lusitanosaurus'' ("lizard from Portugal") and Chinese ''Bienosaurus'' and ''Tatisaurus''.

----


* Like the basal saurischians, basal ornithischians as a whole are mostly known only since the 1960s -- not counting ''Scelidosaurus'', which has been known since the XIX century but has recently re-classified as an extremely basal ankylosaurian -- and still aren’t well-understood. So, every recent discover could be ''very'' significative. ''Eocursor'' and ''Tianyulong'' in particular, have fairly gained much consideration in scientific field because of their objective importance. Found in 2007, ''Eocursor parvus'' (“small dawn-runner”) was discovered in South Africa like ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Lesothosaurus'', and its name recalls that of the famous ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Eoraptor]]'' (“dawn robber”). Its relevance is due to the fact that it’s the ''only'' Triassic ornithischian known so far from a complete skeleton (while the remain of the even earlier ''Pisanosaurus'' is only partial); this gives us precious information about the deepest ornithischian roots, and also could better explain the relationship between bird-hipped dinosaurs and the saurischians. According to the most accepted classification, ornithischians are divided in two main lineages: Thyreophorans and Cerapods. The former are Stegosaurs+Ankylosaurs+some basal forms (''Scutellosaurus'', ''Emausaurus'', and maybe ''Lesothosaurus''). Cerapods include almost all the other ornithischians, furthermorely divided in Ornithopods (duckbills, ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'' etc) and Marginocephalians (ceratopsians+pachycephalosaurs). Indeed, Cerapods is just a {{Portmanteau}} made of “Cera(topsian)” and “(Ornitho)pod”. Found even more recently, in TheNewTens, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kulindadromeus Kulindadromeus]]'' ("Kulinda's runner") from Russia was also a very basal ornithopod, with tracks of proto-feathers left.

to:

* Like the basal saurischians, basal ornithischians as a whole are mostly known only since the 1960s -- not counting ''Scelidosaurus'', which has been known since the XIX century but has recently re-classified as an extremely basal ankylosaurian -- and still aren’t well-understood. So, every recent discover could be ''very'' significative. ''Eocursor'' and ''Tianyulong'' in particular, have fairly gained much consideration in scientific field because of their objective importance. Found in 2007, ''Eocursor parvus'' (“small dawn-runner”) was discovered in South Africa like ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Lesothosaurus'', and its name recalls that of the famous ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Eoraptor]]'' (“dawn robber”). Its relevance is due to the fact that it’s the ''only'' Triassic ornithischian known so far from a complete skeleton (while the remain of the even earlier ''Pisanosaurus'' is only partial); this gives us precious information about the deepest ornithischian roots, and also could better explain the relationship between bird-hipped dinosaurs and the saurischians. According to the most accepted classification, ornithischians are divided in two main lineages: Thyreophorans and Cerapods. The former are Stegosaurs+Ankylosaurs+some basal forms (''Scutellosaurus'', ''Emausaurus'', and maybe ''Lesothosaurus''). Cerapods include almost all the other ornithischians, furthermorely divided in Ornithopods (duckbills, ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'' etc) and Marginocephalians (ceratopsians+pachycephalosaurs). Indeed, Cerapods is just a {{Portmanteau}} made of “Cera(topsian)” and “(Ornitho)pod”. Found even more recently, in TheNewTens, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kulindadromeus Kulindadromeus]]'' ("Kulinda's runner") from Russia was also a very basal ornithopod, with tracks of proto-feathers left.
“(Ornitho)pod”.



* About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus'' found in 2001). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.

to:

* Found even more recently, in year 2014, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kulindadromeus Kulindadromeus]]'' ("Kulinda's runner") from Russia was also a very basal ornithopod like ''Eocursor'', with tracks of proto-feathers left. About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus'' found in 2001). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.


'''Two Great Little Discoveries:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eocursor Eocursor]]'' & ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tianyulong Tianyulong]]''

* Like the basal saurischians, basal ornithischians as a whole are mostly known only since the 1960s -- not counting ''Scelidosaurus'', which has been known since the XIX century but has recently re-classified as an extremely basal ankylosaurian -- and still aren’t well-understood. So, every recent discover could be ''very'' significative. ''Eocursor'' and ''Tianyulong'' in particular, have fairly gained much consideration in scientific field because of their objective importance. Found in 2007, ''Eocursor parvus'' (“small dawn-runner”) was discovered in South Africa like ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Lesothosaurus'', and its name recalls that of the famous ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Eoraptor]]'' (“dawn robber”). Its relevance is due to the fact that it’s the ''only'' Triassic ornithischian known so far from a complete skeleton (while the remain of the even earlier ''Pisanosaurus'' is only partial); this gives us precious information about the deepest ornithischian roots, and also could better explain the relationship between bird-hipped dinosaurs and the saurischians. According to the most accepted classification, ornithischians are divided in two main lineages: Thyreophorans and Cerapods. The former are Stegosaurs+Ankylosaurs+some basal forms (''Scutellosaurus'', ''Emausaurus'', and maybe ''Lesothosaurus''). Cerapods include almost all the other ornithischians, furthermorely divided in Ornithopods (duckbills, ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'' etc) and Marginocephalians (ceratopsians+pachycephalosaurs). Indeed, Cerapods is just a {{Portmanteau}} made of “Cera(topsian)” and “(Ornitho)pod”. Found even more recently, in TheNewTens, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kulindadromeus Kulindadromeus]]'' ("Kulinda's runner") from Russia was also a very basal ornithopod, with tracks of proto-feathers left. About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus'' found in 2001). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.

to:

'''Two Great Little Discoveries:''' '''A Complete Key Fossil:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eocursor Eocursor]]'' & ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tianyulong Tianyulong]]''

Eocursor]]''

* Like the basal saurischians, basal ornithischians as a whole are mostly known only since the 1960s -- not counting ''Scelidosaurus'', which has been known since the XIX century but has recently re-classified as an extremely basal ankylosaurian -- and still aren’t well-understood. So, every recent discover could be ''very'' significative. ''Eocursor'' and ''Tianyulong'' in particular, have fairly gained much consideration in scientific field because of their objective importance. Found in 2007, ''Eocursor parvus'' (“small dawn-runner”) was discovered in South Africa like ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Lesothosaurus'', and its name recalls that of the famous ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Eoraptor]]'' (“dawn robber”). Its relevance is due to the fact that it’s the ''only'' Triassic ornithischian known so far from a complete skeleton (while the remain of the even earlier ''Pisanosaurus'' is only partial); this gives us precious information about the deepest ornithischian roots, and also could better explain the relationship between bird-hipped dinosaurs and the saurischians. According to the most accepted classification, ornithischians are divided in two main lineages: Thyreophorans and Cerapods. The former are Stegosaurs+Ankylosaurs+some basal forms (''Scutellosaurus'', ''Emausaurus'', and maybe ''Lesothosaurus''). Cerapods include almost all the other ornithischians, furthermorely divided in Ornithopods (duckbills, ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'' etc) and Marginocephalians (ceratopsians+pachycephalosaurs). Indeed, Cerapods is just a {{Portmanteau}} made of “Cera(topsian)” and “(Ornitho)pod”. Found even more recently, in TheNewTens, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kulindadromeus Kulindadromeus]]'' ("Kulinda's runner") from Russia was also a very basal ornithopod, with tracks of proto-feathers left. About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus'' found in 2001). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.
left.


Added DiffLines:

'''First-Known Feathered Ornithischian:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tianyulong Tianyulong]]''

* About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus'' found in 2001). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.

----


Here we've listed those basal ornithischians which do not belong to any of the main groups of bird-hipped dinosaurs. ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Scelidosaurus]]'',[[note]]According to recent cladistic researches it could be a very primitive ankylosaurian.[[/note]] ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Heterodontosaurus]]'', ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Lesothosaurus]]'', and (less-frequent) ''Scutellosaurus'' and ''Pisanosaurus'' are the most common in dino-books; in older works you'll frequently also read the name "''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Fabrosaurus]]''".

to:

Here we've listed those basal ornithischians which do not belong to any of the main groups of bird-hipped dinosaurs. ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Scelidosaurus]]'',[[note]]According to recent cladistic researches it could be a very primitive ankylosaurian.[[/note]] ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Heterodontosaurus]]'', ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Lesothosaurus]]'', and (less-frequent) ''Scutellosaurus'' and ''Pisanosaurus'' are the most common in dino-books; in older works you'll frequently also read the name "''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Fabrosaurus]]''".


Here we've listed those basal ornithischians which do not belong to any of the main groups of bird-hipped dinosaurs. ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Scelidosaurus]]'',[[note]]According to recent cladistic researches it could be a very primitive ankylosaurian.[[/note]] ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Heterodontosaurus]]'', ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Lesothosaurus]]'', and (less-frequent) ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Scutellosaurus]]'' and ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Pisanosaurus]]'' are the most common in dino-books; in older works you'll frequently also read the name "''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Fabrosaurus]]''".

to:

Here we've listed those basal ornithischians which do not belong to any of the main groups of bird-hipped dinosaurs. ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Scelidosaurus]]'',[[note]]According to recent cladistic researches it could be a very primitive ankylosaurian.[[/note]] ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Heterodontosaurus]]'', ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Lesothosaurus]]'', and (less-frequent) ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Scutellosaurus]]'' ''Scutellosaurus'' and ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Pisanosaurus]]'' ''Pisanosaurus'' are the most common in dino-books; in older works you'll frequently also read the name "''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Fabrosaurus]]''".



'''Tiny tusked critters:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinodon Echinodon]]'' & ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruitadens Fruitadens]]''

* Heterodontosaurians were originally thought ornithopods, then ancient relatives of ceratopsians and pachycephalosaurs; today they are generally regarded as very basal ornithischians. Despite their primitiveness, heterodontosaurs not only flourished in the Early Jurassic, but also managed to survive until the Late Jurassic and even the Early Cretaceous: English ''Echinodon'' lived alongside ''Iguanodon'' and ''Hypsilophodon''! Half the length of ''Heterodontosaurus tucki'' and with small tusks only in the upper jaws, ''Echinodon'' ("hedgehog tooth") is known to science since the middle XIX century, but its classification as a heterodontosaurian has been confirmed only after the discovery of the namesake of the group (it was also briefly believed a ''Scutellosaurus'' relative in the nineties). ''Geranosaurus'' ("crane lizard") and ''Lycorhinus'' ("wolf nose") were both found in South Africa at the start of the XX century, and also were originally not classified as heterodontosaurs because ''Heterodontosaurus'' was not known yet: ''Lycorhinus'', with its typically heterodontosaurian mammal-like dentition, was initially believed a non-dinosaurian therapsid like ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs Cynognathus]]''. Also South-African and Early-Jurassic, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrictosaurus Abrictosaurus]]'' and ''Lanasaurus'' (the latter often synonimized with ''Lycorhinus'') were found about in the same time of ''Heterodontosaurus''; the former's name, "awake lizard", is actually ironical, because it was hypothized that ''Abrictosaurus'' underwent "hibernations" (just like what has been proposed for ''Lesothosaurus'', but again, this is not demonstrated). Curiously for a heterodontosaur, ''Abrictosaurus'' was totally tusk-less, and because of this was once believed a possible female ''Heterodontosaurus'' (this originated from a confrontation with the modern musk-deers, whose males only bear tusks). Some important dinosaur discoveries that have been made since the 2009 regard the heterodontosaurian group. For example, ''Fruitadens'' ("Fruita's tooth" from the geological formation that preserved it) lived in the Late Jurassic North America alongside the famous jurassic StockDinosaurs; in opposite to the "younger" ''Echinodon'', ''Fruitadens'' has tusks only in its lower jaw. With only two feet of length (the same size of a ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Microraptor]]''), ''Fruitadens'' is currently the smallest known North American dinosaur; it and ''Echinodon'' are among the smallest bird-hipped dinosaurs ever discovered, only equalled by some marginocephalians (ceratopsians & pachycephalosaurs) like ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Microceratus]]'' and ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifePachycephalosaurs Wannanosaurus]]'', and some "hypsilophodont" ornithopods.

to:

'''Tiny tusked critters:''' '''The First Armor:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinodon Echinodon]]'' & ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruitadens Fruitadens]]''

org/wiki/Scutellosaurus Scutellosaurus]]''

* Heterodontosaurians were originally thought ornithopods, then ancient relatives of ceratopsians and pachycephalosaurs; today they are generally regarded as very basal ornithischians. Despite their primitiveness, heterodontosaurs not only flourished in the Early Jurassic, but also managed to survive until the Late Jurassic and even the Early Cretaceous: English ''Echinodon'' lived alongside ''Iguanodon'' and ''Hypsilophodon''! Half the length of ''Heterodontosaurus tucki'' and with small tusks only in the upper jaws, ''Echinodon'' ("hedgehog tooth") is known to science since the middle XIX century, but its classification as a heterodontosaurian has been confirmed only after the discovery of the namesake of the group (it was also briefly believed a ''Scutellosaurus'' relative in the nineties). ''Geranosaurus'' ("crane lizard") and ''Lycorhinus'' ("wolf nose") were both found in South Africa at the start of the XX century, and also were originally not classified as heterodontosaurs because ''Heterodontosaurus'' was not known yet: ''Lycorhinus'', ("lizard with its typically heterodontosaurian mammal-like dentition, was initially believed a non-dinosaurian therapsid like small shields", not to be confused with the near-reptile ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs Cynognathus]]''. Also South-African and Early-Jurassic, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrictosaurus Abrictosaurus]]'' and ''Lanasaurus'' (the latter often synonimized with ''Lycorhinus'') were found about Scutosaurus]]'') has traditionally been the most primitive thyreophoran, variably classified in the same time of ''Heterodontosaurus''; Scelidosaurids or in its own family, Scutellosaurids. Discovered only in the former's name, "awake lizard", is actually ironical, because it 1980s, was hypothized also a small bipedal animal with a similar look, but slighty bigger, longer-tailed, more robustly-built than the lesothosaur, and with longer forelimbs: some think was partially quadruped. More importantly, it had a light armor made by small bony plates placed in rows upon its torso, similar to that ''Abrictosaurus'' underwent "hibernations" (just like what has been proposed for ''Lesothosaurus'', but again, this is not demonstrated). Curiously for a heterodontosaur, ''Abrictosaurus'' was totally tusk-less, and because of this was once believed a possible female ''Heterodontosaurus'' (this originated from a confrontation with the modern musk-deers, whose males only bear tusks). Some important dinosaur discoveries that have been made since bigger ''Scelidosaurus''. Like the 2009 regard the heterodontosaurian group. For example, ''Fruitadens'' ("Fruita's tooth" from the geological formation that preserved it) scelidosaur, ''Scutellosaurus'' lived in Early Jurassic, but was found not in Europe like the Late Jurassic North America alongside former but in Arizona, where the famous jurassic StockDinosaurs; in opposite to the "younger" ''Echinodon'', ''Fruitadens'' has tusks only in its lower jaw. With only two feet of length (the same size of a popular double-crested ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Microraptor]]''), ''Fruitadens'' is currently the smallest known North American dinosaur; it and ''Echinodon'' are among the smallest bird-hipped dinosaurs ever discovered, only equalled by Dilophosaurus]]'' lived: some marginocephalians (ceratopsians & pachycephalosaurs) like ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Microceratus]]'' and ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifePachycephalosaurs Wannanosaurus]]'', and some "hypsilophodont" ornithopods.
portrayals have shown the scutellosaur as that dinosaur's prey, but this is not confirmed.



'''Two great little discoveries:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eocursor Eocursor]]'' & ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tianyulong Tianyulong]]''

* Like the basal saurischians, basal ornithischians as a whole are mostly known only since the 1960s -- not counting ''Scelidosaurus'', which has been known since the XIX century but has recently re-classified as an extremely basal ankylosaurian -- and still aren’t well-understood. So, every recent discover could be ''very'' significative. ''Eocursor'' and ''Tianyulong'' in particular, have fairly gained much consideration in scientific field because of their objective importance. Found in 2007, ''Eocursor parvus'' (“small dawn-runner”) was discovered in South Africa like ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Lesothosaurus'', and its name recalls that of the famous ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Eoraptor]]'' (“dawn robber”). Its relevance is due to the fact that it’s the ''only'' Triassic ornithischian known so far from a complete skeleton (while the remain of the even earlier ''Pisanosaurus'' is only partial); this gives us precious information about the deepest ornithischian roots, and also could better explain the relationship between bird-hipped dinosaurs and the saurischians. According to the most accepted classification, ornithischians are divided in two main lineages: Thyreophorans and Cerapods. The former are Stegosaurs+Ankylosaurs+some basal forms (''Scutellosaurus'', ''Emausaurus'', and maybe ''Lesothosaurus''). Cerapods include almost all the other ornithischians, furthermorely divided in Ornithopods (duckbills, ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'' etc) and Marginocephalians (ceratopsians+pachycephalosaurs). Indeed, Cerapods is just a {{Portmanteau}} made of “Cera(topsian)” and “(Ornitho)pod”. Found even more recently, in TheNewTens, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kulindadromeus Kulindadromeus]]'' ("Kulinda's runner") from Russia was also a very basal ornithopod, with tracks of proto-feathers left. About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus'' found in 2001). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.

to:

'''Two great little discoveries:''' '''At the Origins:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eocursor Eocursor]]'' org/wiki/Pisanosaurus Pisanosaurus]]''

* Found in the last decades of the XX century, the Argentinian ''Pisanosaurus mertii'' lived in the Middle Triassic (well before ''Coelophysis'' and ''Plateosaurus'') and shared its habitat with the alleged “first theropods" ''Herrerasaurus''
& ''Eoraptor'' and many [[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeNonDinosaurianReptiles non-dinosaur reptiles]] such as rhynchosaurs, "thecodonts", and mammal-ancestors (all these were much more common at the time than dinosaurs, never forget this). The pisanosaur still remains the most ancient ornithischian known to science, but sadly, is known only from one incomplete fossil. It was arguably similar to ''Lesothosaurus'' in shape and size, and with no armor like the latter. One significative thing is that some Triassic non-dinosaurian archosaurs were once considered basal ornithischians as well (often put in the "fabrosaurid" assemblage): ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tianyulong Tianyulong]]''

* Like
org/wiki/Technosaurus Technosaurus]]'' from Texas is one example, sometimes mentioned as "the most ancient North American ornithischian"; other two examples are ''Revueltosaurus'' and chinese ''Dianchungosaurus'' (the latter was believed a heterodontosaur). The evocative name ''Technosaurus'' comes from the Texas Tech University; interestingly, another basal saurischians, basal ornithischians as a whole are mostly known only since ornithischian, the 1960s -- not counting ''Scelidosaurus'', which has been known since the XIX century but has recently re-classified as an extremely basal ankylosaurian -- and still aren’t well-understood. So, every recent discover could be ''very'' significative. ''Eocursor'' and ''Tianyulong'' in particular, have fairly gained much consideration in scientific field because of their objective importance. Found in 2007, ''Eocursor parvus'' (“small dawn-runner”) was discovered in South Africa like ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Lesothosaurus'', and its name recalls that of the famous ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Eoraptor]]'' (“dawn robber”). Its relevance is due to the fact that it’s the ''only'' Triassic ornithischian known so far from a complete skeleton (while the remain of the even earlier ''Pisanosaurus'' is only partial); this gives us precious information about the deepest ornithischian roots, and also could better explain the relationship between bird-hipped dinosaurs and the saurischians. According to the most accepted classification, ornithischians are divided in two main lineages: Thyreophorans and Cerapods. The former are Stegosaurs+Ankylosaurs+some basal forms (''Scutellosaurus'', ''Emausaurus'', and maybe ''Lesothosaurus''). Cerapods include almost all the other ornithischians, furthermorely divided in Ornithopods (duckbills, ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'' etc) and Marginocephalians (ceratopsians+pachycephalosaurs). Indeed, Cerapods is just a {{Portmanteau}} made of “Cera(topsian)” and “(Ornitho)pod”. Found even more recently, in TheNewTens, European ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kulindadromeus Kulindadromeus]]'' ("Kulinda's runner") org/wiki/Emausaurus Emausaurus]]'' (known only from Russia was a skull) also derives its name from an university, the German EMAU. It is usually believed in the middle between ''Scutellosaurus'' and ''Scelidosaurus'', but some think it's a very basal ornithopod, with tracks of proto-feathers left. About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid primitive stegosaurian. Other three animals are usually considered closer to ''Scelidosaurus'' than to ''Scutellosaurus'': Portuguese ''Lusitanosaurus'' ("lizard from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus'' found in 2001). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.
Portugal") and Chinese ''Bienosaurus'' and ''Tatisaurus''.


Added DiffLines:

'''Tiny Tusked Critters:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinodon Echinodon]]'' & ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruitadens Fruitadens]]''

* Heterodontosaurians were originally thought ornithopods, then ancient relatives of ceratopsians and pachycephalosaurs; today they are generally regarded as very basal ornithischians. Despite their primitiveness, heterodontosaurs not only flourished in the Early Jurassic, but also managed to survive until the Late Jurassic and even the Early Cretaceous: English ''Echinodon'' lived alongside ''Iguanodon'' and ''Hypsilophodon''! Half the length of ''Heterodontosaurus tucki'' and with small tusks only in the upper jaws, ''Echinodon'' ("hedgehog tooth") is known to science since the middle XIX century, but its classification as a heterodontosaurian has been confirmed only after the discovery of the namesake of the group (it was also briefly believed a ''Scutellosaurus'' relative in the nineties). ''Geranosaurus'' ("crane lizard") and ''Lycorhinus'' ("wolf nose") were both found in South Africa at the start of the XX century, and also were originally not classified as heterodontosaurs because ''Heterodontosaurus'' was not known yet: ''Lycorhinus'', with its typically heterodontosaurian mammal-like dentition, was initially believed a non-dinosaurian therapsid like ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs Cynognathus]]''. Also South-African and Early-Jurassic, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrictosaurus Abrictosaurus]]'' and ''Lanasaurus'' (the latter often synonimized with ''Lycorhinus'') were found about in the same time of ''Heterodontosaurus''; the former's name, "awake lizard", is actually ironical, because it was hypothized that ''Abrictosaurus'' underwent "hibernations" (just like what has been proposed for ''Lesothosaurus'', but again, this is not demonstrated). Curiously for a heterodontosaur, ''Abrictosaurus'' was totally tusk-less, and because of this was once believed a possible female ''Heterodontosaurus'' (this originated from a confrontation with the modern musk-deers, whose males only bear tusks). Some important dinosaur discoveries that have been made since the 2009 regard the heterodontosaurian group. For example, ''Fruitadens'' ("Fruita's tooth" from the geological formation that preserved it) lived in the Late Jurassic North America alongside the famous jurassic StockDinosaurs; in opposite to the "younger" ''Echinodon'', ''Fruitadens'' has tusks only in its lower jaw. With only two feet of length (the same size of a ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Microraptor]]''), ''Fruitadens'' is currently the smallest known North American dinosaur; it and ''Echinodon'' are among the smallest bird-hipped dinosaurs ever discovered, only equalled by some marginocephalians (ceratopsians & pachycephalosaurs) like ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Microceratus]]'' and ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifePachycephalosaurs Wannanosaurus]]'', and some "hypsilophodont" ornithopods.

----

'''Two Great Little Discoveries:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eocursor Eocursor]]'' & ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tianyulong Tianyulong]]''

* Like the basal saurischians, basal ornithischians as a whole are mostly known only since the 1960s -- not counting ''Scelidosaurus'', which has been known since the XIX century but has recently re-classified as an extremely basal ankylosaurian -- and still aren’t well-understood. So, every recent discover could be ''very'' significative. ''Eocursor'' and ''Tianyulong'' in particular, have fairly gained much consideration in scientific field because of their objective importance. Found in 2007, ''Eocursor parvus'' (“small dawn-runner”) was discovered in South Africa like ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Lesothosaurus'', and its name recalls that of the famous ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Eoraptor]]'' (“dawn robber”). Its relevance is due to the fact that it’s the ''only'' Triassic ornithischian known so far from a complete skeleton (while the remain of the even earlier ''Pisanosaurus'' is only partial); this gives us precious information about the deepest ornithischian roots, and also could better explain the relationship between bird-hipped dinosaurs and the saurischians. According to the most accepted classification, ornithischians are divided in two main lineages: Thyreophorans and Cerapods. The former are Stegosaurs+Ankylosaurs+some basal forms (''Scutellosaurus'', ''Emausaurus'', and maybe ''Lesothosaurus''). Cerapods include almost all the other ornithischians, furthermorely divided in Ornithopods (duckbills, ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'' etc) and Marginocephalians (ceratopsians+pachycephalosaurs). Indeed, Cerapods is just a {{Portmanteau}} made of “Cera(topsian)” and “(Ornitho)pod”. Found even more recently, in TheNewTens, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kulindadromeus Kulindadromeus]]'' ("Kulinda's runner") from Russia was also a very basal ornithopod, with tracks of proto-feathers left. About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus'' found in 2001). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.

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'''Tiny critters:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinodon Echinodon]]'' & ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruitadens Fruitadens]]''

to:

'''Tiny tusked critters:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Echinodon Echinodon]]'' & ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruitadens Fruitadens]]''


* Like the basal saurischians, basal ornithischians as a whole are mostly known only since the 1960s -- not counting ''Scelidosaurus'', which has been known since the XIX century but has recently re-classified as an extremely basal ankylosaurian -- and still aren’t well-understood. So, every recent discover could be ''very'' significative. ''Eocursor'' and ''Tianyulong'' in particular, have fairly gained much consideration in scientific field because of their objective importance. Found in 2007, ''Eocursor parvus'' (“small dawn-runner”) was discovered in South Africa like ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Lesothosaurus'', and its name recalls that of the famous ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Eoraptor]]'' (“dawn robber”). Its relevance is due to the fact that it’s the ''only'' Triassic ornithischian known so far from a complete skeleton (while the remain of the even earlier ''Pisanosaurus'' is only partial); this gives us precious information about the deepest ornithischian roots, and also could better explain the relationship between bird-hipped dinosaurs and the saurischians. According to the most accepted classification, ornithischians are divided in two main lineages: Thyreophorans and Cerapods. The former are, as is known, Stegosaurs+Ankylosaurs+some basal forms (''Scutellosaurus'', ''Emausaurus'', and maybe ''Lesothosaurus''). Cerapods include almost all the other ornithischians, furthermorely divided in Ornithopods (duckbills, ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'' etc) and Marginocephalians (ceratopsians+pachycephalosaurs). Indeed, Cerapods is just a {{Portmanteau}} made of “Cera(topsian)” and “(Ornitho)pod”. About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus''). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.

to:

* Like the basal saurischians, basal ornithischians as a whole are mostly known only since the 1960s -- not counting ''Scelidosaurus'', which has been known since the XIX century but has recently re-classified as an extremely basal ankylosaurian -- and still aren’t well-understood. So, every recent discover could be ''very'' significative. ''Eocursor'' and ''Tianyulong'' in particular, have fairly gained much consideration in scientific field because of their objective importance. Found in 2007, ''Eocursor parvus'' (“small dawn-runner”) was discovered in South Africa like ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Lesothosaurus'', and its name recalls that of the famous ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Eoraptor]]'' (“dawn robber”). Its relevance is due to the fact that it’s the ''only'' Triassic ornithischian known so far from a complete skeleton (while the remain of the even earlier ''Pisanosaurus'' is only partial); this gives us precious information about the deepest ornithischian roots, and also could better explain the relationship between bird-hipped dinosaurs and the saurischians. According to the most accepted classification, ornithischians are divided in two main lineages: Thyreophorans and Cerapods. The former are, as is known, are Stegosaurs+Ankylosaurs+some basal forms (''Scutellosaurus'', ''Emausaurus'', and maybe ''Lesothosaurus''). Cerapods include almost all the other ornithischians, furthermorely divided in Ornithopods (duckbills, ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'' etc) and Marginocephalians (ceratopsians+pachycephalosaurs). Indeed, Cerapods is just a {{Portmanteau}} made of “Cera(topsian)” and “(Ornitho)pod”. About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus''). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.


* Like the basal saurischians, basal ornithischians as a whole are mostly known only since the 1960s -- not counting ''Scelidosaurus'', which has been known since the XIX century but has recently re-classified as an extremely basal ankylosaurian -- and still aren’t well-understood. So, every recent discover could be ''very'' significative. ''Eocursor'' and ''Tianyulong'' in particular, have fairly gained much consideration in scientific field because of their objective importance. Found in 2007, ''Eocursor parvus'' (“small dawn-runner”) was discovered in South Africa like ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Lesothosaurus'', and its name recalls that of the famous ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifePrimitiveSaurischians Eoraptor]]'' (“dawn robber”). Its relevance is due to the fact that it’s the ''only'' Triassic ornithischian known so far from a complete skeleton (while the remain of the even earlier ''Pisanosaurus'' is only partial); this gives us precious information about the deepest ornithischian roots, and also could better explain the relationship between bird-hipped dinosaurs and the saurischians. According to the most accepted classification, ornithischians are divided in two main lineages: Thyreophorans and Cerapods. The former are, as is known, Stegosaurs+Ankylosaurs+some basal forms (''Scutellosaurus'', ''Emausaurus'', and maybe ''Lesothosaurus''). Cerapods include almost all the other ornithischians, furthermorely divided in Ornithopods (duckbills, ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'' etc) and Marginocephalians (ceratopsians+pachycephalosaurs). Indeed, Cerapods is just a {{Portmanteau}} made of “Cera(topsian)” and “(Ornitho)pod”. About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus''). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.

to:

* Like the basal saurischians, basal ornithischians as a whole are mostly known only since the 1960s -- not counting ''Scelidosaurus'', which has been known since the XIX century but has recently re-classified as an extremely basal ankylosaurian -- and still aren’t well-understood. So, every recent discover could be ''very'' significative. ''Eocursor'' and ''Tianyulong'' in particular, have fairly gained much consideration in scientific field because of their objective importance. Found in 2007, ''Eocursor parvus'' (“small dawn-runner”) was discovered in South Africa like ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Lesothosaurus'', and its name recalls that of the famous ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifePrimitiveSaurischians ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Eoraptor]]'' (“dawn robber”). Its relevance is due to the fact that it’s the ''only'' Triassic ornithischian known so far from a complete skeleton (while the remain of the even earlier ''Pisanosaurus'' is only partial); this gives us precious information about the deepest ornithischian roots, and also could better explain the relationship between bird-hipped dinosaurs and the saurischians. According to the most accepted classification, ornithischians are divided in two main lineages: Thyreophorans and Cerapods. The former are, as is known, Stegosaurs+Ankylosaurs+some basal forms (''Scutellosaurus'', ''Emausaurus'', and maybe ''Lesothosaurus''). Cerapods include almost all the other ornithischians, furthermorely divided in Ornithopods (duckbills, ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'' etc) and Marginocephalians (ceratopsians+pachycephalosaurs). Indeed, Cerapods is just a {{Portmanteau}} made of “Cera(topsian)” and “(Ornitho)pod”. About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus''). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.


* Like the basal saurischians, basal ornithischians as a whole are mostly known only since the 1960s (not counting ''Scelidosaurus'', which has been known since the XIX century but has recently re-classified as an extremely basal ankylosaurian), and still aren’t well-understood. So, every recent discover could be ''very'' significative. ''Eocursor'' and ''Tianyulong'' in particular, have fairly gained much consideration in scientific field because of their objective importance. Found in 2007, ''Eocursor parvus'' (“small dawn-runner”) was discovered in South Africa like ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Lesothosaurus'', and its name recalls that of the famous ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifePrimitiveSaurischians Eoraptor]]'' (“dawn robber”). Its relevance is due to the fact that it’s the ''only'' Triassic ornithischian known so far from a complete skeleton (while the remain of the even earlier ''Pisanosaurus'' is only partial); this gives us precious information about the deepest ornithischian roots, and also could better explain the relationship between bird-hipped dinosaurs and the saurischians. According to the most accepted classification, ornithischians are divided in two main lineages: Thyreophorans and Cerapods. The former are, as is known, Stegosaurs+Ankylosaurs+some basal forms (''Scutellosaurus'', ''Emausaurus'', and maybe ''Lesothosaurus''). Cerapods include almost all the other ornithischians, furthermorely divided in Ornithopods (duckbills, ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'' etc) and Marginocephalians (ceratopsians+pachycephalosaurs). Indeed, Cerapods is just a {{Portmanteau}} made of “Cera(topsian)” and “(Ornitho)pod”. About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus''). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.

to:

* Like the basal saurischians, basal ornithischians as a whole are mostly known only since the 1960s (not -- not counting ''Scelidosaurus'', which has been known since the XIX century but has recently re-classified as an extremely basal ankylosaurian), ankylosaurian -- and still aren’t well-understood. So, every recent discover could be ''very'' significative. ''Eocursor'' and ''Tianyulong'' in particular, have fairly gained much consideration in scientific field because of their objective importance. Found in 2007, ''Eocursor parvus'' (“small dawn-runner”) was discovered in South Africa like ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Lesothosaurus'', and its name recalls that of the famous ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifePrimitiveSaurischians Eoraptor]]'' (“dawn robber”). Its relevance is due to the fact that it’s the ''only'' Triassic ornithischian known so far from a complete skeleton (while the remain of the even earlier ''Pisanosaurus'' is only partial); this gives us precious information about the deepest ornithischian roots, and also could better explain the relationship between bird-hipped dinosaurs and the saurischians. According to the most accepted classification, ornithischians are divided in two main lineages: Thyreophorans and Cerapods. The former are, as is known, Stegosaurs+Ankylosaurs+some basal forms (''Scutellosaurus'', ''Emausaurus'', and maybe ''Lesothosaurus''). Cerapods include almost all the other ornithischians, furthermorely divided in Ornithopods (duckbills, ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'' etc) and Marginocephalians (ceratopsians+pachycephalosaurs). Indeed, Cerapods is just a {{Portmanteau}} made of “Cera(topsian)” and “(Ornitho)pod”. About ''Tianyulong [[Creator/{{Confucius}} confuciusi]]'': this is a heterodontosaurid from the Late Jurassic found in 2009 in the same Liaoning site from which the Jurassic near-bird ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeBirdlikeTheropods Anchiornis]]'' was discovered. ''Tianyulong'', like the latter, has preserved some sort of proto-feathers around its body. The thing is, this is the ''first time'' that unequivocally feather-like structures have been found in a non-theropod dinosaur (not counting the quills of ''Psittacosaurus''). See [[UsefulNotes/{{Dinosaurs}} the useful notes about dinosaurs in general]] to understand the revolutionary implications of this discovery.


* Heterodontosaurians were originally thought ornithopods, then ancient relatives of ceratopsians and pachycephalosaurs; today they are generally regarded as very basal ornithischians. Despite their primitiveness, heterodontosaurs not only flourished in the Early Jurassic, but also managed to survive until the Late Jurassic and even the Early Cretaceous: English ''Echinodon'' lived alongside ''Iguanodon'' and ''Hypsilophodon''! Half the length of ''Heterodontosaurus tucki'' and with small tusks only in the upper jaws, ''Echinodon'' ("hedgehog tooth") is known to science since the middle XIX century, but its classification as a heterodontosaurian has been confirmed only after the discovery of the namesake of the group (it was also briefly believed a ''Scutellosaurus'' relative in the nineties). ''Geranosaurus'' ("crane lizard") and ''Lycorhinus'' ("wolf nose") were both found in South Africa at the start of the XX century, and also were originally not classified as heterodontosaurs because ''Heterodontosaurus'' was not known yet: ''Lycorhinus'', with its typically heterodontosaurian mammal-like dentition, was initially believed a non-dinosaurian therapsid like ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs Cynognathus]]''. Also South-African and Early-Jurassic, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrictosaurus Abrictosaurus]]'' and ''Lanasaurus'' (the latter often synonimized with ''Lycorhinus'') were found about in the same time of ''Heterodontosaurus''; the former's name, "awake lizard", is actually ironical, because it was hypothized that ''Abrictosaurus'' underwent "hibernations" (just like what has been proposed for ''Lesothosaurus'', but again, this is not demonstrated). Curiously for a heterodontosaur, ''Abrictosaurus'' was totally tusk-less, and because of this was once believed a possible female ''Heterodontosaurus'' (this originated from a confrontation with the modern musk-deers, whose males only bear tusks). Some important dinosaur discoveries that have been made since the 2009 regard the heterodontosaurian group. For example, ''Fruitadens'' ("Fruita's tooth" from the geological formation that preserved it) lived in the Late Jurassic North America alongside the famous jurassic StockDinosaurs; in opposite to the "younger" ''Echinodon'', ''Fruitadens'' has tusks only in its lower jaw. With only two feet of length (the same size of a ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Microraptor]]''), ''Fruitadens'' is currently the smallest known North American dinosaur; it and ''Echinodon'' are among the smallest bird-hipped dinosaurs ever discovered, only equalled by some marginocephalians (ceratopsians & pachycephalosaurs) like [[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Microceratus]]'', and some "hypsilophodont" ornithopods.

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* Heterodontosaurians were originally thought ornithopods, then ancient relatives of ceratopsians and pachycephalosaurs; today they are generally regarded as very basal ornithischians. Despite their primitiveness, heterodontosaurs not only flourished in the Early Jurassic, but also managed to survive until the Late Jurassic and even the Early Cretaceous: English ''Echinodon'' lived alongside ''Iguanodon'' and ''Hypsilophodon''! Half the length of ''Heterodontosaurus tucki'' and with small tusks only in the upper jaws, ''Echinodon'' ("hedgehog tooth") is known to science since the middle XIX century, but its classification as a heterodontosaurian has been confirmed only after the discovery of the namesake of the group (it was also briefly believed a ''Scutellosaurus'' relative in the nineties). ''Geranosaurus'' ("crane lizard") and ''Lycorhinus'' ("wolf nose") were both found in South Africa at the start of the XX century, and also were originally not classified as heterodontosaurs because ''Heterodontosaurus'' was not known yet: ''Lycorhinus'', with its typically heterodontosaurian mammal-like dentition, was initially believed a non-dinosaurian therapsid like ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs Cynognathus]]''. Also South-African and Early-Jurassic, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abrictosaurus Abrictosaurus]]'' and ''Lanasaurus'' (the latter often synonimized with ''Lycorhinus'') were found about in the same time of ''Heterodontosaurus''; the former's name, "awake lizard", is actually ironical, because it was hypothized that ''Abrictosaurus'' underwent "hibernations" (just like what has been proposed for ''Lesothosaurus'', but again, this is not demonstrated). Curiously for a heterodontosaur, ''Abrictosaurus'' was totally tusk-less, and because of this was once believed a possible female ''Heterodontosaurus'' (this originated from a confrontation with the modern musk-deers, whose males only bear tusks). Some important dinosaur discoveries that have been made since the 2009 regard the heterodontosaurian group. For example, ''Fruitadens'' ("Fruita's tooth" from the geological formation that preserved it) lived in the Late Jurassic North America alongside the famous jurassic StockDinosaurs; in opposite to the "younger" ''Echinodon'', ''Fruitadens'' has tusks only in its lower jaw. With only two feet of length (the same size of a ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursSaurischianDinosaurs Microraptor]]''), ''Fruitadens'' is currently the smallest known North American dinosaur; it and ''Echinodon'' are among the smallest bird-hipped dinosaurs ever discovered, only equalled by some marginocephalians (ceratopsians & pachycephalosaurs) like [[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Microceratus]]'', ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Microceratus]]'' and ''[[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifePachycephalosaurs Wannanosaurus]]'', and some "hypsilophodont" ornithopods.


Here we've listed those basal ornithischians which do not belong to any of the main groups of bird-hipped dinosaurs. ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Scelidosaurus]]'',[[note]]According to recent cladistic researches it could be a very primitive ankylosaurian.[[/note]] ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Heterodontosaurus]]'', ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Lesothosaurus]]'', and (less-frequent) ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Scutellosaurus]]'' are the most common in dino-books; in older works you'll frequently also read the name "''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Fabrosaurus]]''".

to:

Here we've listed those basal ornithischians which do not belong to any of the main groups of bird-hipped dinosaurs. ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Scelidosaurus]]'',[[note]]According to recent cladistic researches it could be a very primitive ankylosaurian.[[/note]] ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Heterodontosaurus]]'', ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Lesothosaurus]]'', and (less-frequent) ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Scutellosaurus]]'' and ''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Pisanosaurus]]'' are the most common in dino-books; in older works you'll frequently also read the name "''[[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursOrnithischianDinosaurs Fabrosaurus]]''".



'''The Most Ancient:''' ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pisanosaurus Pisanosaurus]]''

* Found in the last decades of the XX century, the Argentinian ''Pisanosaurus mertii'' lived in the Middle Triassic (well before ''Coelophysis'' and ''Plateosaurus'') and shared its habitat with the alleged “first theropods" ''Herrerasaurus'' & ''Eoraptor'' and many [[UsefulNotes/PrehistoricLifeNonDinosaurianReptiles non-dinosaur reptiles]] such as rhynchosaurs, "thecodonts", and mammal-ancestors (all these were much more common at the time than dinosaurs, never forget this). The pisanosaur still remains the most ancient ornithischian known to science, but sadly, is known only from one incomplete fossil. It was arguably similar to ''Lesothosaurus'' in shape and size, and with no armor like the latter. One significative thing is that some Triassic non-dinosaurian archosaurs were once considered basal ornithischians as well (often put in the "fabrosaurid" assemblage): ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technosaurus Technosaurus]]'' from Texas is one example, sometimes mentioned as "the most ancient North American ornithischian"; other two examples are ''Revueltosaurus'' and chinese ''Dianchungosaurus'' (the latter was believed a heterodontosaur). The evocative name ''Technosaurus'' comes from the Texas Tech University; interestingly, another basal ornithischian, the European ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emausaurus Emausaurus]]'' (known only from a skull) also derives its name from an university, the German EMAU. It is usually believed in the middle between ''Scutellosaurus'' and ''Scelidosaurus'', but some think it's a very primitive stegosaurian. Other three animals are usually considered closer to ''Scelidosaurus'' than to ''Scutellosaurus'': Portuguese ''Lusitanosaurus'' ("lizard from Portugal") and Chinese ''Bienosaurus'' and ''Tatisaurus''.

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