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The final straw that broke the camel's back happened when a young [[LeeroyJenkins King Sebastian]] immersed himself in a Moroccan dynastic dispute as an excuse to play crusader and seize more Moroccan territory. Unfortunately for Portugal, he was a GeneralFailure who ran right into a vastly larger and better prepared Moroccan army who promptly killed him[[note]]although he may [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sebastianism return someday]][[/note]] and killed or captured the rest of his army. This broke Portugal's tenuous demographic balance, and after the reign of a Cardinal put on the throne to try and stave off the inevitable and pay off the crippling ransoms the Moroccans demanded, the Spanish King decided to enforce his claims to the Portuguese throne. The Portuguese and their Western Allies nominated an alternative candidate, but the Spanish came in and curbstomped the Portuguese army. The result was a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iberian_Union loss of independence to Spain]] for 60 years, during which time things got even worse.

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The final straw that broke the camel's back happened when a young [[LeeroyJenkins King Sebastian]] immersed himself in a Moroccan dynastic dispute as an excuse to play crusader and seize more Moroccan territory. Unfortunately for Portugal, he was a GeneralFailure who ran right into a vastly larger and better prepared Moroccan army who promptly killed him[[note]]although he may [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sebastianism return someday]][[/note]] and killed or captured the rest of his army. This broke Portugal's tenuous demographic balance, and after the reign of a Cardinal put on the throne to try and stave off the inevitable and pay off the crippling ransoms the Moroccans demanded, the Spanish King decided to enforce his claims to the Portuguese throne. The Portuguese and their Western Allies nominated an alternative candidate, but the Spanish came in and curbstomped the Portuguese army. The result was a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iberian_Union loss of independence to Spain]] for 60 years, during which time things got even worse.


* Actress Daniela Ruah, known in the US for her role as Kensi Blye in ''Series/NCISLosAngeles''.

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* Actress Daniela Ruah, Creator/DanielaRuah, known in the US for her role as Kensi Blye [[FairCop Kensi]] [[MsFanservice Blye]] in ''Series/NCISLosAngeles''.

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* ''Film/CarlotaJoaquinaPrincesaDoBrasil'' is an Brazilian satirical movie that tells how the Portuguese Royal Family at the start of the 19th Century fled to Brazil from Napoleon Bonaparte.


It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south, while Spain borders it to its north and east. Being much larger, Spain historically had been the dominant player in Iberia (indeed, Portugal's identity as an independent country only started on 1128, when the kingdom was split from the Kingdom of León, which would become one of Spain's predecessor kingdoms) and had threatened Portugal with annexations[[note]]the most recent one being in the 1970s when Spain's dictator Francisco Franco was in his final years of rule[[/note]] or forced it into uneven unions for centuries, though relations between the countries are nowadays cordial, barring the minor spat of the territory of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olivenza Olivenza]], ''de jure'' owned by Portugal but administered by Spain yet has its sovereignty dispute being unresolved since ''1801'' anyway, so it doesn't really matter much. Portugal and Spain also hold the distinction of having one of the oldest borders it the world; theirs have not changed at all since the 1297 Treaty of Alcañices.

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It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south, while Spain borders it to its north and east. Being much larger, Spain historically had been the dominant player in Iberia (indeed, Portugal's identity as an independent country only started on 1128, when the kingdom was split from the Kingdom of León, which would become one of Spain's predecessor kingdoms) and had threatened Portugal with annexations[[note]]the most recent one being in the 1970s when Spain's dictator Francisco Franco was in his final years of rule[[/note]] or forced it into uneven unions for centuries, though relations between the countries are nowadays cordial, barring the minor spat of the territory of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olivenza Olivenza]], ''de jure'' owned by Portugal but administered by Spain yet has its sovereignty dispute being unresolved since ''1801'' anyway, so it doesn't really matter much. Portugal and Spain also hold the distinction of having one of the oldest borders it in the world; theirs have not changed at all since the 1297 Treaty of Alcañices.

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* ''Literature/VampirosDoRioDouro'': The titular vampires are native from Portugal in the region surrounding the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douro Douro/Duero River]] stretching across the northern Iberian penisula.


Portugal was the pioneer of the Age of Exploration and had once colonized areas as far as UsefulNotes/TimorLeste, but no doubt its greatest achievement was Brazil, its largest and most treasured former colony. In fact, Brazil was so important that the Portuguese monarchy actually once ''moved'' to Brazil when it became clear that the situation in the mainland wasn't going well, and when Brazil got its independence, Portugal's light in the international world kind of...dimmed. Still, other colonies are vigorously maintained to the modern period as such that Portugal is the last of the Great Powers to cede most of its colonies in spite of the mass decolonization wrought upon by others shortly after UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, mostly because of Salazar's conservative regime; its last overseas colony, UsefulNotes/{{Macau}}, was ceded to China in the late 1999, near the turn of the millenium.

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Portugal was the pioneer of the Age of Exploration and had once colonized areas as far as UsefulNotes/TimorLeste, but no doubt its greatest achievement was Brazil, its largest and most treasured former colony. In fact, Brazil was so important that the Portuguese monarchy actually once ''moved'' to Brazil when it became clear that the situation in the mainland [[UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars wasn't going well, well,]][[note]] this was the first and one of the very few times a European monarch even ''visited'' an overseas colony[[/note]] and when Brazil got its independence, Portugal's light in the international world kind of...dimmed. Still, other colonies are vigorously maintained to the modern period as such that Portugal is the last of the Great Powers to cede most of its colonies in spite of the mass decolonization wrought upon by others shortly after UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, mostly because of Salazar's conservative regime; its last overseas colony, UsefulNotes/{{Macau}}, was ceded to China in the late 1999, near the turn of the millenium.


* António Guterres, former prime minister of Portugal and ninth and current Secretary-General of the UsefulNotes/UnitedNations.



->The flag's red and green colors have been occasionally used in Portugal's previous flags, though not as national colors until 1910, and officially have no symbolic meaning (though the authoritarian ''Estado Novo'' regime propagandized the colors to symbolize hope and sacrifice, respectively); the golden armillary sphere celebrates the spirit of adventure and the fact that Portugal was a pioneer in the discovery of the Americas, Africa, Oceania and the Far East during the 15th and 16th centuries, and upon which is superimposed a white shield containing five smaller blue shields with five white circles, bordered by a red ring containing seven gold castles, symbolizing the reconquest of Portugal from the Moors (African Muslims).

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->The flag's red and green colors colours have been occasionally used in Portugal's previous flags, though not as national colors until 1910, and officially have no symbolic meaning (though meaning, though the authoritarian ''Estado Novo'' Estado Novo regime propagandized the colors colours to symbolize hope and sacrifice, respectively); the respectively. The golden armillary sphere celebrates the spirit of adventure and the fact that Portugal was a pioneer in the discovery Portugal's proud history of maritime journeys to the Americas, Africa, Oceania and the Far East during the 15th and 16th centuries, and centuries; upon which is superimposed a white shield containing five smaller blue shields with five white circles, bordered by a red ring containing seven gold castles, symbolizing the reconquest of Portugal from the Moors (African Muslims).

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* The Portuguese are present in VideoGame/{{Civilization}} from the 3rd game to the 5th. Their leaders in each installment are respectively Prince Henry the Navigator, King João II and Maria I the Pious.


Portugal ('''Portuguese:''' ''Portugal''), officially known as the Portuguese Republic ('''Portuguese:''' ''República Portuguesa'') is a small country located at the western edge of Europe, specifically, the Iberian Peninsula. It is home to 10 million people that, like its neighbor, UsefulNotes/{{Spain}}, are descended from mixtures of Celtic, Roman, Visigothic, and Arab peoples. The people speak [[UsefulNotes/PortugueseLanguage Portuguese]], which is related to but distinct from Spanish. The language has a total of 215 million native speakers, mostly thanks to UsefulNotes/{{Brazil}}.

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Portugal ('''Portuguese:''' ''Portugal''), officially known as the Portuguese Republic ('''Portuguese:''' ''República Portuguesa'') is a small Southern European country located at the western edge of Europe, specifically, the Iberian Peninsula. It is home to 10 million people that, like its neighbor, UsefulNotes/{{Spain}}, are descended from mixtures of Celtic, Roman, Visigothic, and Arab peoples. The people speak [[UsefulNotes/PortugueseLanguage Portuguese]], which is related to but distinct from Spanish. The language has a total of 215 million native speakers, mostly thanks to UsefulNotes/{{Brazil}}.


Portugal was the pioneer of the Age of Exploration and had once colonized areas as far as UsefulNotes/TimorLeste, but no doubt its greatest achievement was Brazil, its largest and most treasured former colony. In fact, Brazil was so important that the Portuguese monarchy actually once ''moved'' to Brazil when it became clear that the situation in the mainland wasn't going well, and when Brazil got its independence, Portugal's light in the international world kind of...dimmed. Still, other colonies are vigorously maintained to the modern period as such that Portugal is the last of the Great Powers to cede most of its colonies in spite of the mass decolonization wrought upon by others shortly after WorldWarII, mostly because of Salazar's conservative regime; its last overseas colony, UsefulNotes/{{Macau}}, was ceded to China in the late 1999, near the turn of the millenium.

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Portugal was the pioneer of the Age of Exploration and had once colonized areas as far as UsefulNotes/TimorLeste, but no doubt its greatest achievement was Brazil, its largest and most treasured former colony. In fact, Brazil was so important that the Portuguese monarchy actually once ''moved'' to Brazil when it became clear that the situation in the mainland wasn't going well, and when Brazil got its independence, Portugal's light in the international world kind of...dimmed. Still, other colonies are vigorously maintained to the modern period as such that Portugal is the last of the Great Powers to cede most of its colonies in spite of the mass decolonization wrought upon by others shortly after WorldWarII, UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, mostly because of Salazar's conservative regime; its last overseas colony, UsefulNotes/{{Macau}}, was ceded to China in the late 1999, near the turn of the millenium.


By European standards, Portugal might be lacking in certain aspects; indeed, modernization didn't really take off until later thanks to the conservative Estado Novo regime, most notably in the educational department which saw most of its prospective students choosing to work rather than study further, plus the drafting of young men to repel rebellions in the colonies, causing many to emigrate from the country and initiating a massive brain drain. Education and general modernization were finally initiated in the 1960s, especially since the Carnation Revolution. Still, Portugal has one of the lowest literacy rate of all European countries, at 95.7%.

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By European standards, Portugal might be lacking in certain aspects; indeed, modernization didn't really take off until later thanks to the conservative Estado Novo regime, most notably in the educational department which saw most of its prospective students choosing to work rather than study further, plus the drafting of young men to repel rebellions in the colonies, causing many to emigrate from the country and initiating a massive brain drain. Education and general modernization were finally initiated in the 1960s, especially since the Carnation Revolution. Still, Portugal has [[OverlyNarrowSuperlative one of the lowest literacy rate rates of all European countries, at 95.7%.
7%]].

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* Music/SalvadorSobral, singer and Portugal's very first Series/EurovisionSongContest winner in 2017.


* Dead Combo, a music duo who appeared on ''NoReservations''. Other famous alternative groups include Mão Morta, Blasted Mechanism and Buraka Som Sistema (the latter were pioneers in bringing ''kuduro'' music to an international audience).

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* Dead Combo, a music duo who appeared on ''NoReservations''.''Series/NoReservations''. Other famous alternative groups include Mão Morta, Blasted Mechanism and Buraka Som Sistema (the latter were pioneers in bringing ''kuduro'' music to an international audience).


* A good chunk of ''{{Sharpe}}'' takes place in Portugal.

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* A good chunk of ''{{Sharpe}}'' ''Literature/{{Sharpe}}'' takes place in Portugal.



* ''DepoisDoAdeus'' is a PeriodPiece about the period after the CarnationRevolution.

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* ''DepoisDoAdeus'' ''Series/DepoisDoAdeus'' is a PeriodPiece about the period after the CarnationRevolution.


* In the second book in the science fiction novels comprising the ''Literature/EndersGame Series'', titled ''Literature/SpeakerForTheDead'', the inhabitants of the colony have named their new planet Lusitania. It is explained in the book that it was named for the historical people and territory in Portugal, which the inhabitants are descended from.

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* In the second book in the science fiction novels comprising the ''Literature/EndersGame Series'', titled ''Literature/SpeakerForTheDead'', the inhabitants of the colony have named their new planet Lusitania. It is explained in the book that it was named for the historical people and territory in Portugal, which the inhabitants are descended from.



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