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South of the Pasig River are:

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South !!!South of the Pasig River are:



North of the river are:

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North !!!North of the river are:



* '''Valenzuela City''' (Pop.: 714,978 / 2 Districts)

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* '''Valenzuela !!'''Valenzuela City''' (Pop.: 714,978 / 2 Districts)


Metro Manila as a political entity came to be in 1975 when then-president Ferdinand Marcos created the Metropolitan Manila Commission (now the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, or MMDA).

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Metro Manila as a political entity came to be in 1975 when then-president Ferdinand Marcos UsefulNotes/FerdinandMarcos created the Metropolitan Manila Commission (now the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, or MMDA).
MMDA). The original four cities (Manila, Quezon City, Caloocan, and Pasay), were joined by 14 cities and towns excised from the province of Rizal along with Valenzuela, which was taken from the province of Bulacan. Most of the former towns would eventually gain cityhood in the 1990s and the 2000s, with San Juan (2007) being the most recent of them. For statistical purposes, the entities in NCR are grouped in districts based on the said original cities.




Population figures in the following section are based on the 2020 Census, while the congressional districts are based on the 2019 batch of the House of Representatives.



Population figures are based on the 2010 Census, while the congressional districts are based on the upcoming 2013 batch of the House of Representatives.

!!'''City of Manila'''

The oldest of the area's seventeen local government units, and the only part of Manila to be a city since the start (the other sixteen are formerly part of the province of Rizal, until urbanization stepped in). The city itself is generally divided into 16 districts:

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Population figures are based on the 2010 Census, while the congressional districts are based on the upcoming 2013 batch of the House of Representatives.


[[foldercontrol]]
[[folder:First District]]
----
!!'''City of Manila'''

Manila''' (Pop.: 1,846,513 / 6 Congressional Districts)

The oldest of the area's seventeen local government units, and the only part of Manila to be a city since the start (the other sixteen are formerly part one of the province four original cities of Rizal, until urbanization stepped in).the region. The city itself is generally divided into 16 districts:



* '''Intramuros''', the Spanish-era city and the ''original'' City of Manila [[note]] The other districts of Manila were formerly designated as ''Arrabales'', or "suburbs" [[/note]]. Intramuros is Spanish for "inside the walls", [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin a perfect description for the heavily-fortified city]]. It used to be the seat of civil, military and ecclesiastical power in the entire Philippines for much of the Spanish colonial period and is thus home to many historical buildings, including the Manila Metropolitan Cathedral, San Agustin Church (a centuries-old baroque church declared as a UNESCO Heritage Site), ''Palacio del Gobernador'' (where the chief executive used to reside before transferring to Malacañang Palace), the ''Ayuntamiento'' (the City Hall, where the ''Cabildo'' or city council of Manila regularly met) and Fort Santiago, an old military garrison and prison.

to:

* '''Intramuros''', the Spanish-era city and the ''original'' City of Manila [[note]] The other districts of Manila were formerly designated as ''Arrabales'', or "suburbs" [[/note]]. Intramuros is Spanish for "inside the walls", [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin a perfect description for the heavily-fortified city]]. It used to be the seat of civil, military and ecclesiastical power in the entire Philippines for much of the Spanish colonial period and is thus home to many historical buildings, including the Manila Metropolitan Cathedral, San Agustin Church (a centuries-old baroque church declared as a UNESCO Heritage Site), ''Palacio del Gobernador'' (where the chief executive used to reside before transferring to Malacañang Palace), the ''Ayuntamiento'' (the City Hall, where the ''Cabildo'' or city council of Manila regularly met) and Fort Santiago, an old military garrison and prison. It also plays host to a cluster of universities and colleges in the sides facing the city hall and the National Museum, but not to the same extent as San Miguel and Sampaloc (which form the bulk of the so-called University Belt).



* '''San Andres''', a middle-class suburb connecting Manila to Makati City, characterized by the presence of run-down tenement housing which makes it sorts of a middle ground between {{Gangsterland}} Tondo and the upscale Ermita-Malate area.

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* '''San Andres''', a middle-class suburb connecting Manila to Makati City, characterized by the presence of run-down tenement housing which makes it sorts of a middle ground between {{Gangsterland}} Tondo and the upscale Ermita-Malate area. Also has an exclave in Makati in the form of the Manila South Cemetery.



* '''Tondo''': notorious {{Gangsterland}} and site of an extension of the Port of Manila. Despite its reputation as a WretchedHive, Tondo is once the oldest and most prosperous settlement in the region.

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* '''Tondo''': notorious {{Gangsterland}} and site of an extension of the Port of Manila. Despite its reputation as a WretchedHive, Tondo is once the oldest and most prosperous settlement in the region. Divisoria, a primary commercial center known for cheap goods, is straddles between Tondo and Binondo. It is also home to the main station of the Philippine National Railways.



* '''Quiapo''', the real heart of Manila, both geographically and economically. This is the site of a Catholic shrine to a reputedly miraculous statue of Jesus carrying the cross.
* '''San Miguel''': the location of Malacañang Palace, the official residence of the national executive. Also was home to San Miguel Brewery, the oldest and largest brewery in Asia, before they relocated their offices in Ortigas and their beer brewery in Valenzuela.

to:

* '''Quiapo''', the real heart of Manila, both geographically and economically. This is the site of a Catholic shrine to a reputedly miraculous statue of Jesus carrying the cross.
cross, whose [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feast_of_the_Black_Nazarene procession]] draws '''millions''' of devotees.
* '''San Miguel''': the location of Malacañang Palace, the official residence of the national executive. Also was home to San Miguel Brewery, the oldest and largest brewery in Asia, before they relocated their offices in Ortigas and their beer brewery in Valenzuela. It also forms the eastern portion of the University Belt by way of their locations in Mendiola Street (itself a popular area for protests due to its proximity to Malacañang).



!!'''Quezon City'''

* The largest city in the metropolis both in terms of geographical size and population, Quezon City was established in 1939 to replace Manila as the national capital, as the then-President and namesake of the city, Manuel Luis Quezon, as he thought that Manila is very susceptible to a naval attack due to its proximity to the shore [[note]] it turned out, however, that the invading Japanese attacked ''by air'', making his whole argument moot, as Quezon City wasn't spared from the invasion [[/note]] and remained the ''de jure'' national capital [[note]] Most Government Offices remained in Manila before and after the War [[/note]] until President Ferdinand Marcos reinstated the title to Manila in 1975. ''While building a new Capitol and Government Complex in Quezon City.'' Vestiges of its past role remain in the form of most government agencies still holding office there.

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[[/folder]]

[[folder:Second District]]
The region's eastern district, composed of the cities of Mandaluyong, Marikina, Pasig, Quezon, and San Juan.
----

!!'''Quezon City'''

*
City''' (Pop.: 2,960,048 / 6 Congressional Districts)

The largest city in the metropolis both in terms of geographical size and population, Quezon City was established in 1939 to replace Manila as the national capital, as the then-President and namesake of the city, Manuel Luis Quezon, as he thought that Manila is very susceptible to a naval attack due to its proximity to the shore [[note]] it turned out, however, that the invading Japanese attacked ''by air'', making his whole argument moot, as Quezon City wasn't spared from the invasion [[/note]] and remained the ''de jure'' national capital [[note]] Most Government Offices remained in Manila before and after the War [[/note]] until President Ferdinand Marcos reinstated the title to Manila in 1975. ''While building a new Capitol and Government Complex in Quezon City.'' Vestiges of its past role remain in the form of most government agencies still holding office there.
there.



* '''Diliman:''' the site of the new planned capitol complex, it is a flat plateau delineated into a quadrangle by four avenues running parallel with the cardinal directions: North Avenue, West Avenue, East Avenue, and South Avenue (renamed Timog Avenue, [[ShapedLikeItself which means "South Avenue" in Filipino]]). In its center lies the Quezon Memorial Circle, which was originally planned as the site of the legislature, long since converted into a public park and memorial for the city's namesake, President Manuel Quezon, with the large pylon in the middle marking his tomb. Today, it is the site of many government offices (encircling the Quezon Memorial Circle, as weas originally planned,), two Government Hospitals (occupying the sites of what were supposed to be the Executive Residence and the Supreme Court Complex), the Quezon City Hall (housing offices of the city mayor and the local council) and the main campus of the University of the Philippines after it relocated from Manila in 1949.

to:

* '''Diliman:''' the site of the new planned capitol complex, it is a flat plateau delineated into a quadrangle by four avenues running parallel with the cardinal directions: North Avenue, West Avenue, East Avenue, and South Avenue (renamed Timog Avenue, [[ShapedLikeItself which means "South Avenue" in Filipino]]). In its center lies the Quezon Memorial Circle, which was originally planned as the site of the legislature, long since converted into a public park and memorial for the city's namesake, President Manuel Quezon, with the large pylon in the middle marking his tomb. Today, it is the site of many government offices (encircling the Quezon Memorial Circle, as weas originally planned,), two Government Hospitals (occupying the sites of what were supposed to be the Executive Residence and the Supreme Court Complex), the Quezon City Hall (housing offices of the city mayor and the local council) and the main campus of the University of the Philippines after it relocated from Manila in 1949. \n \\



** '''South Triangle''': A middle to upper-class commercial and residential area, the South Triangle is home to the broadcast facilities of two of the largest television networks in the Philippines, and Timog Avenue, a large dining/entertainment strip.

to:

** '''South Triangle''': A middle to upper-class commercial and residential area, the South Triangle is home to the broadcast facilities of two of the largest television networks in the Philippines, {{Creator/ABSCBN}} and Creator/GMANetwork; and Timog Avenue, a large dining/entertainment strip. Also known as "Scout Area," due to its streets being largely named after the Boy Scouts [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Arab_Airlines_Flight_869_(1963) who died in an air crash en route to the 11th World Scout Jamboree in 1963.]]



!!'''Other Component Cities'''

* '''Marikina City''' (Pop.: 424,150 / 2 Districts): A city situated on an earthquake-prone valley around the Marikina River, the city is most famous for contributing to 70% of the nation's shoe-making industry and its environment-conscious policy.
* '''Pasig City''' (Pop.: 669,773 / 1 District): A residential-industrial city whose western end was transformed into the finance and commerce-oriented Ortigas Center, with upscale residences to the east.
* '''Mandaluyong City''' (Pop.: 328,699 / 1 District): A middle-class city whose eastern end is an extension of Ortigas Center, and hosts its three malls -- SM Megamall, the second-largest in the nation (and fourth-largest in the world); Robinsons Galleria, site of a peaceful 1986 protest that ousted Marcos from power; and Shangri-La Plaza Mall, the branch of a high-rise hotel. Mandaluyong is also home to the nation's largest psychiatric institution, the National Center for Mental Health.
* '''San Juan City''' (Pop.: 121,430 / 1 District): A highly parochial city taking pride of its self-sufficiency. The first shots of the Philippine Revolution were fired on a Spanish armory atop the hills of Pinaglabanan. The city's eastern side also hosts its only major shopping center in the upscale Greenhills area; coincidentally, many wealthy Chinese-Filipinos and their descendants also live around that vicinity.
* '''Caloocan City''' (Pop.: 1,489,040 / 2 Districts): A city divided into two by nearby Quezon City (which was carved off some of Caloocan's territory) -- a southern half, where the local government is situated, and the mostly residential northern half. Much of the city's commercial activity is centered in Monumento, a roundabout crossing in southern Caloocan surrounding a monument to Andres Bonifacio, leader of the Filipino Revolution.
* '''Malabon City''' (Pop.: 353,337 / 1 District): A low-lying city known for long periods of flooding and a noodle dish delicacy ("pancit") named after itself.
* '''Navotas City''' (Pop.: 249,131 / 1 District): Malabon's neighbor and site of the Philippines' largest fishing market.
* '''Valenzuela City''' (Pop.: 575,356 / 2 Districts): An economic-industrial city, majority of whose residents hail from provinces north of Metro Manila.
* '''Makati City''' (Pop.: 529,039 / 2 Districts): The Philippines' premier business zone and home to the national stock market; surrounded by a middle-class area to the west and north (site of the local government) and a lower-middle-class area to the east, the financial district is a zone of hotels, skyscrapers, shopping malls and upper-class subdivisions built around a former American-era airport.
* '''Pasay City''' (Pop.: 392,869 / 1 District): A mostly residential city, Pasay stands out by being the site of Ninoy Aquino International Airport, the Philippines' principal airport (with some parts sticking out into Parañaque City), as well as a Marcos-era reclamation project (also extending to Parañaque City) to the west facing Manila Bay, including the Cultural Center of the Philippines, the national senate, and SM Mall of Asia, the fourth largest mall in the Philippines, and the 11th largest in the world.
* '''Parañaque City''' (Pop.: 588,126 / 2 Districts): A mostly quiet area of subdivisions and suburbs, and site of the southern half of a Manila Bay reclamation project, and home to the Philippines' largest casino complex, City of Dreams.
* '''Las Piñas City''' (Pop.: 552,573 / 1 District): Another quiet suburb, this time bordering Cavite province. Its main claim to fame is its principal Catholic church, which boasts an organ with pipes made of bamboo.
* '''Pateros''' (Pop.: 64,147 / 1 District, shared with western Taguig City): The odd one in Metro Manila, Pateros is the only municipality in the region, as well as the smallest both in population and size. Its name alludes to either its duck-raising or shoemaking businesses that date back to the Spanish era.
* '''Taguig City''' (Pop.: 644,473 / 2 Districts, one shared with Pateros): Originally a residential area, with many of its residents being soldiers and their families living near Fort Bonifacio, headquarters of the Philippine Army, Taguig got its big break when the Army sold large portions of its (mostly unused) land to businessmen, who developed the area into a viable alternative to Makati City. Taguig is also the site of two UsefulNotes/WorldWarII cemeteries: one for the Americans (the largest of its kind in the Pacific front), and the other for Filipinos.
* '''Muntinlupa City''' (Pop.: 459,941 / 1 District): The southernmost city in the area, Muntinlupa is something of an odd mix. The eastern area, facing Laguna de Bay, is a middle-class zone (with the southern part being the seat of local government), the northwest area is a bustling commercial-corporate zone centered around Festival Supermall, the west-central area is host to Ayala Alabang, an exclusive upper-class village, and the southwest area is a middle-class zone and site of New Bilibid Prison, the nation's largest penitentiary, built in January 1941 to replace the one in Santa Cruz, Manila (now Manila City Jail).

to:

!!'''Other Component Cities'''

* '''Marikina
!!'''Mandaluyong City''' (Pop.: 424,150 / 2 Districts): A city situated on an earthquake-prone valley around the Marikina River, the city is most famous for contributing to 70% of the nation's shoe-making industry and its environment-conscious policy.
* '''Pasig City''' (Pop.: 669,773
425,758 / 1 District): A residential-industrial city whose western end was transformed into the finance and commerce-oriented Ortigas Center, with upscale residences to the east.
* '''Mandaluyong City''' (Pop.: 328,699 / 1 District):
District)
A middle-class city whose eastern end is an extension of Ortigas Center, and hosts its three malls -- SM Megamall, the second-largest in the nation (and fourth-largest in the world); Robinsons Galleria, site of a peaceful 1986 protest that ousted Marcos from power; and Shangri-La Plaza Mall, the branch of a high-rise hotel. Mandaluyong is also home to the nation's largest psychiatric institution, the National Center for Mental Health.
* '''San
Health.

!!'''Marikina City''' (Pop.: 456,059 / 2 Districts)
A city situated on an earthquake-prone valley around the Marikina River, the city is most famous for contributing to 70% of the nation's shoe-making industry and its environment-conscious policy.

!!'''Pasig City''' (Pop.: 803,059 / 1 District)
A residential-industrial city whose western end was transformed into the finance and commerce-oriented Ortigas Center, with upscale residences to the east.

!!'''San
Juan City''' (Pop.: 121,430 126,347 / 1 District): District)
A highly parochial city taking pride of its self-sufficiency. The first shots of the Philippine Revolution were fired on a Spanish armory atop the hills of Pinaglabanan. The city's eastern side also hosts its only major shopping center in the upscale Greenhills area; coincidentally, many wealthy Chinese-Filipinos and their descendants also live around that vicinity.
* '''Caloocan
vicinity.

[[/folder]]

[[folder:Third District]]
The northern part of the region, better known colloquially by the portmanteau term "CAMANAVA" [[note]] '''Ca'''loocan, '''Ma'''labon, '''Na'''votas, and '''Va'''lenzuela[[/note]].
----

!!'''Caloocan
City''' (Pop.: 1,489,040 1,661,584 / 2 Districts): Districts)
A city divided into two by nearby Quezon City (which was carved off some of Caloocan's territory) -- a southern half, where the local government is situated, and the mostly residential northern half. Much of the city's commercial activity is centered in Monumento, a roundabout crossing in southern Caloocan surrounding a monument to Andres Bonifacio, leader of the Filipino Revolution.
* '''Malabon !!'''Malabon City''' (Pop.: 353,337 380,522 / 1 District): District)
A low-lying city known for long periods of flooding and a noodle dish delicacy ("pancit") named after itself.
* '''Navotas !!'''Navotas City''' (Pop.: 249,131 247,543 / 1 District): District)
Malabon's neighbor and site of the Philippines' largest fishing market.
* '''Valenzuela City''' (Pop.: 575,356 714,978 / 2 Districts): Districts)
An economic-industrial city, majority of whose residents hail from provinces north of Metro Manila.
* '''Makati City''' (Pop.: 529,039 / 2 Districts): The Philippines' premier business zone and home to
Manila. Unlike the national stock market; surrounded by a middle-class area to the west and north (site rest of the local government) and a lower-middle-class area to government units which are formely part of Rizal, Valenzuela was taken from the east, province of Bulacan when the financial district is a zone of hotels, skyscrapers, shopping malls and upper-class subdivisions built around a former American-era airport.
* '''Pasay City''' (Pop.: 392,869 / 1 District): A mostly residential city, Pasay stands out by being the site of Ninoy Aquino International Airport, the Philippines' principal airport (with some parts sticking out into Parañaque City), as well as a Marcos-era reclamation project (also extending to Parañaque City) to the west facing Manila Bay, including the Cultural Center of the Philippines, the national senate, and SM Mall of Asia, the fourth largest mall in the Philippines, and the 11th largest in the world.
* '''Parañaque City''' (Pop.: 588,126 / 2 Districts): A mostly quiet area of subdivisions and suburbs, and site of the
NCR was formed.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fourth District]]
The
southern half portion of a Manila Bay reclamation project, the region. Parañaque, Las Piñas, and home Muntinlupa, in particular, are collectively referred to the Philippines' largest casino complex, City of Dreams.
* '''Las
as "The South" largely thanks to their relatively distant geography.
----
!!'''Las
Piñas City''' (Pop.: 552,573 606,293 / 1 District): Another District)
A
quiet suburb, this time suburb bordering Cavite province.the province of Cavite. Its main claim to fame is its principal Catholic church, which boasts an organ with pipes made of bamboo.
* '''Pateros''' (Pop.: 64,147 / 1 District, shared with western Taguig City): The odd one in Metro Manila, Pateros is the only municipality in the region, as well as the smallest both in population and size. Its name alludes to either its duck-raising or shoemaking businesses that date back to the Spanish era.
* '''Taguig
!!'''Makati City''' (Pop.: 644,473 629,616 / 2 Districts, one shared with Pateros): Originally Districts)
The Philippines' premier business zone; surrounded by
a residential area, with many of its residents being soldiers middle-class area to the west and their families living near Fort Bonifacio, headquarters north (site of the Philippine Army, Taguig got its big break when the Army sold large portions of its (mostly unused) land to businessmen, who developed the local government) and a lower-middle-class area into a viable alternative to Makati City. Taguig is also the site of two UsefulNotes/WorldWarII cemeteries: one for east, the Americans (the largest financial district is a zone of its kind in the Pacific front), hotels, skyscrapers, shopping malls and the other for Filipinos.
* '''Muntinlupa
upper-class subdivisions built around a former American-era airport.
!!'''Muntinlupa
City''' (Pop.: 459,941 543,445 / 1 District): District)
The southernmost city in the area, Muntinlupa is something of an odd mix. The eastern area, facing Laguna de Bay, is a middle-class zone (with the southern part being the seat of local government), the northwest area is a bustling commercial-corporate zone centered around Festival Supermall, the west-central area is host to Ayala Alabang, an exclusive upper-class village, and the southwest area is a middle-class zone and site of New Bilibid Prison, the nation's largest penitentiary, built in January 1941 to replace the one in Santa Cruz, Manila (now Manila City Jail).
!!'''Parañaque City''' (Pop.: 689,992 / 2 Districts)
A mostly quiet area of subdivisions and suburbs, and site of the southern half of a Manila Bay reclamation project, and home to the Philippines' largest casino complex, City of Dreams.
!!'''Pasay City''' (Pop.: 440,656 / 1 District)
A mostly residential city, Pasay stands out by being the site of Ninoy Aquino International Airport, the Philippines' principal airport (with some parts sticking out into Parañaque City), as well as a Marcos-era reclamation project (also extending to Parañaque City) to the west facing Manila Bay, including the Cultural Center of the Philippines, the national senate, and SM Mall of Asia, the fourth largest mall in the Philippines, and the 11th largest in the world.
!!'''Pateros''' (Pop.: 65,227 / 1 District, shared with eastern Taguig City)
The odd one in Metro Manila, Pateros is the only municipality in the region, as well as the smallest both in population and size. Its name alludes to either its duck-raising or shoemaking businesses that date back to the Spanish era.
!!'''Taguig City''' (Pop.: 886,722 / 2 Districts, one shared with Pateros)
Originally a residential area, with many of its residents being soldiers and their families living near Fort Bonifacio, headquarters of the Philippine Army, Taguig got its big break when the Army sold large portions of its (mostly unused) land to businessmen, who developed the area into a viable alternative to Makati City [[note]]Fort Bonifacio is subject to a [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Bonifacio_boundary_dispute three-way territorial dispute]] between Taguig, Makati, and Pateros, though is ''de facto'' administered by the first.[[/note]] Taguig is also the site of two UsefulNotes/WorldWarII cemeteries: one for the Americans (the largest of its kind in the Pacific front), and the other for Filipinos. Currently home to the national stock market, which relocated from Makati and Pasig in 2018.
[[/folder]]


* ''Literature/TheManInTheHighCastle'' and its [[Series/TheManInTheHighCastle TV series]] has Manila is part of the Japanese Empire, which have incorporated much of East Asia in this alternate 1962 where the Axis won WWII. [[spoiler: In the TV Series, the German High Command planned to hit Manila with a submarine-launched nuclear missile during the first phase of attacking the Japanese Empire.]]

to:

* ''Literature/TheManInTheHighCastle'' and its [[Series/TheManInTheHighCastle TV series]] has Manila is as part of the Japanese Empire, which have incorporated much of East Asia in this alternate 1962 where the Axis won WWII. [[spoiler: In the TV Series, the German High Command planned to hit Manila with a submarine-launched nuclear missile during the first phase of attacking the Japanese Empire.]]


Added DiffLines:

* The comic book ''ComicBook/{{Trese}}'' and its [[WesternAnimation/{{Trese}} animated adaptation]] are set in a Manila full of creatures and beings from Myth/PhilippineMythology.


* '''Pandacan''': the home of Spanish-era playwright Francisco Balagtas, this largely residential area also where the city's main petroleum fuel depot is located.

to:

* '''Pandacan''': the home of Spanish-era playwright Francisco Balagtas, this largely residential area also where the city's main petroleum fuel depot is was once located.


* '''Intramuros''', the Spanish-era city and the ''original'' Manila [[note]] The other districts of Manila were formerly designated as ''Arrabales'', or "suburbs" [[/note]]. Intramuros is Spanish for "within the walls", [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin a perfect description for the heavily-fortified city]], and is home to many heritage sites and historical buildings, including the Manila Metropolitan Cathedral, San Agustin Church (a baroque church declared as a UNESCO Heritage Site), Palacio del Gobernador (where the chief executive used to reside before transferring to Malacañang Palace), and Fort Santiago, an old military garrison and prison

to:

* '''Intramuros''', the Spanish-era city and the ''original'' City of Manila [[note]] The other districts of Manila were formerly designated as ''Arrabales'', or "suburbs" [[/note]]. Intramuros is Spanish for "within "inside the walls", [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin a perfect description for the heavily-fortified city]], city]]. It used to be the seat of civil, military and ecclesiastical power in the entire Philippines for much of the Spanish colonial period and is thus home to many heritage sites and historical buildings, including the Manila Metropolitan Cathedral, San Agustin Church (a centuries-old baroque church declared as a UNESCO Heritage Site), Palacio ''Palacio del Gobernador Gobernador'' (where the chief executive used to reside before transferring to Malacañang Palace), the ''Ayuntamiento'' (the City Hall, where the ''Cabildo'' or city council of Manila regularly met) and Fort Santiago, an old military garrison and prisonprison.



* '''Ermita''': the oldest settlement outside the Walled City, named so due to the presence of an old Chapel housing an image of the Virgin Mary said to provide protection for lost travelers. A buffer zone named Bagumbayan (Tagalog for "New Town", notorious for being an execution ground during the Spanish Colonial Period, separates Ermita from the Walled City), which was later repurposed by the Americans into a public park named after Jose Rizal, the most famous among the people executed on the site.

to:

* '''Ermita''': the oldest settlement outside the Walled City, named so due to the presence of an old Chapel ("ermita" being a Spanish term for a chapel of ease) housing an image of the Virgin Mary said to provide protection for lost travelers. A buffer zone named Bagumbayan (Tagalog for "New Town", notorious for being an execution ground during the Spanish Colonial Period, separates Ermita from the Walled City), which was later repurposed by the Americans into a public park named after Jose Rizal, the most famous among the people executed on the site.



* '''Pandacan''': the home of Spanish-era playwright Francisco Balagtas, this is also where the city's main petroleum fuel depot is located.

to:

* '''Pandacan''': the home of Spanish-era playwright Francisco Balagtas, this is largely residential area also where the city's main petroleum fuel depot is located.



* '''Santa Ana''', site of the first Catholic church outside Intramuros.

to:

* '''Santa Ana''', the easternmost district of Manila (with the banks of the Pasig river marking the city boundary) originally called "Namayan" prior to Spanish colonization, the old settlement became site of the first Catholic church outside Intramuros.
Intramuros.



* '''Tondo''': notorious {{Gangsterland}} and site of an extension of the Port of Manila. Despite it's reputation as a WretchedHive, Tondo is once the oldest and most prosperous polity

to:

* '''Tondo''': notorious {{Gangsterland}} and site of an extension of the Port of Manila. Despite it's its reputation as a WretchedHive, Tondo is once the oldest and most prosperous polity settlement in the region.



* '''Santa Cruz''': a (former) major commercial center. Rizal Avenue, which runs through its center, serves as Manila's main gateway to the north

to:

* '''Santa Cruz''': a (former) major commercial center. Rizal Avenue, which runs through its center, serves as Manila's main gateway to the north north.



* '''San Francisco del Monte:''' Popularly known as "Frisco" (taking cue from another UsefulNotes/SanFrancisco), San Francisco del Monte was one of the three Spanish-era villages in the area (along with Novaliches and Balintawak)that predate the modern-day Quezon City

to:

* '''San Francisco del Monte:''' Popularly known as "Frisco" (taking cue from another UsefulNotes/SanFrancisco), San Francisco del Monte was one of the three Spanish-era villages in the area (along with Novaliches and Balintawak)that predate the modern-day Quezon City City.


* '''Ermita''': the oldest settlement outside
was originally designed to house the three branches of the Philippine Government (all built around a park commemorating the place where National Hero Jose Rizal was martyred), various Government offices, the University of the Philippines and the Philippine General Hospital. Today, only the Judiciary, the Hospital, and the medical colleges of the University of the Philippines (as they are attached to the hospital, for obvious purposes) remain, with the old government building repurposed into museums.
* '''Malate''': The Kowloon to Ermita's Central Hong Kong, it is middle to upper-class area with an entertainment and shopping zone facing Manila Bay, complete with posh hotels and neon signs. It is also the site of the national sports complex, as well as the prestigious De La Salle University.

to:

* '''Ermita''': the oldest settlement outside
was originally designed to house
outside the three branches Walled City, named so due to the presence of an old Chapel housing an image of the Philippine Government (all built around a park commemorating Virgin Mary said to provide protection for lost travelers. A buffer zone named Bagumbayan (Tagalog for "New Town", notorious for being an execution ground during the place where National Hero Jose Rizal Spanish Colonial Period, separates Ermita from the Walled City), which was martyred), various Government offices, the University of the Philippines and the Philippine General Hospital. Today, only the Judiciary, the Hospital, and the medical colleges of the University of the Philippines (as they are attached to the hospital, for obvious purposes) remain, with the old government building later repurposed by the Americans into museums.a public park named after Jose Rizal, the most famous among the people executed on the site.
* '''Malate''': The Kowloon to Ermita's Central Hong Kong, it is middle to upper-class area with an entertainment and shopping zone facing Manila Bay, complete with posh hotels and neon signs. It is also the site of the national sports complex, as well as the prestigious De La Salle University.University, run by the Roman Catholic Lasallian Brothers.



* '''Tondo''': notorious {{Gangsterland}} and site of an extension of the Port of Manila.

to:

* '''Tondo''': notorious {{Gangsterland}} and site of an extension of the Port of Manila. Despite it's reputation as a WretchedHive, Tondo is once the oldest and most prosperous polity



* '''Binondo''': the [[UrExample oldest]] FriendlyLocalChinatown in the world, established by the Spanish in 1594 to house Chinese traders.

to:

* '''Binondo''': the [[UrExample oldest]] FriendlyLocalChinatown in the world, established by the Spanish in 1594 to house Chinese traders. It is still home to a sizeable Chinese community and is famous all over the Philippines for its family restaurants serving cheap yet delectable Chinese (mostly Cantonese) food, as well as the annual Chinese New Year celebrations.



* '''San Miguel''': the location of Malacañang Palace, the official residence of the national executive. Also was home to San Miguel Brewery, the oldest and largest brewery in Asia, before they relocated their offices in Ortigas and their beer brewery in Valenzuela

to:

* '''San Miguel''': the location of Malacañang Palace, the official residence of the national executive. Also was home to San Miguel Brewery, the oldest and largest brewery in Asia, before they relocated their offices in Ortigas and their beer brewery in ValenzuelaValenzuela.


And Quezon was oddly correct -- in 1941, days after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Manila was attacked by the Japanese. But that was just a foretaste of something even worse. Between November 1944 and February 1945 Manila saw the most destructive battle of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII's Pacific front. The Americans retook the city, but at the cost of 1,000 Americans, 16,000 Japanese, and ''100,000 civilians'', and a city devastated beyond repair, surpassed only by UsefulNotes/{{Warsaw}}. After the war, reconstruction was hasty, and the result is a melange of subdivisions and shantytowns (colloquially called either "squatters" or the more politically correct "informal settlers") across the City of Manila and its neighboring cities.

to:

And Quezon was oddly correct -- in 1941, days after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Manila was attacked by the Japanese. But that was just a foretaste of something even worse. Between November 1944 and February 1945 Manila saw the most destructive battle of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII's Pacific front. The Americans retook the city, but at the cost of 1,000 Americans, 16,000 Japanese, and ''100,000 civilians'', and a city devastated beyond repair, surpassed only by UsefulNotes/{{Warsaw}}.Warsaw. After the war, reconstruction was hasty, and the result is a melange of subdivisions and shantytowns (colloquially called either "squatters" or the more politically correct "informal settlers") across the City of Manila and its neighboring cities.


Manila flourished as the capital of the Spanish East Indies (which included modern-day Palau, Guam, the Northern Marianas, and the Federated States of Micronesia), including a two-year stint under British rule in 1762-1764, a product of the UsefulNotes/SevenYearsWar between Spain's ally France and Britain. Manila also flourished as the western terminus of a once- or twiice-a-year trade fleet to and from Acapulco in Mexico, using some of the largest galleons in Spanish service to silver from the New World mines to Asia, along with some other items (possibly including the Far East's first chili peppers), and send Asian goods (and particularly Chinese goods) to Spanish America (and, sometimes, on to Spain itself).

to:

Manila flourished as the capital of the Spanish East Indies (which included modern-day Palau, Guam, the Northern Marianas, and the Federated States of Micronesia), including a two-year stint under British rule in 1762-1764, a product of the UsefulNotes/SevenYearsWar between Spain's ally France and Britain. Manila also flourished as the western terminus of a once- or twiice-a-year twice-a-year trade fleet to and from Acapulco in Mexico, using some of the largest galleons in Spanish service to silver from the New World mines to Asia, along with some other items (possibly including the Far East's first chili peppers), and send Asian goods (and particularly Chinese goods) to Spanish America (and, sometimes, on to Spain itself).


* '''Mandaluyong City''' (Pop.: 328,699 / 1 District): A middle-class city whose eastern end is an extension of Ortigas Center, and hosts its three malls -- SM Megamall, the third-largest in the nation; Robinsons Galleria, site of a peaceful 1986 protest that ousted Marcos from power; and Shangri-La Plaza Mall, the branch of a high-rise hotel. Mandaluyong is also home to the nation's largest psychiatric institution, the National Center for Mental Health.

to:

* '''Mandaluyong City''' (Pop.: 328,699 / 1 District): A middle-class city whose eastern end is an extension of Ortigas Center, and hosts its three malls -- SM Megamall, the third-largest second-largest in the nation; nation (and fourth-largest in the world); Robinsons Galleria, site of a peaceful 1986 protest that ousted Marcos from power; and Shangri-La Plaza Mall, the branch of a high-rise hotel. Mandaluyong is also home to the nation's largest psychiatric institution, the National Center for Mental Health.



* '''Pasay City''' (Pop.: 392,869 / 1 District): A mostly residential city, Pasay stands out by being the site of Ninoy Aquino International Airport, the Philippines' principal airport (with some parts sticking out into Parañaque City), as well as a Marcos-era reclamation project (also extending to Parañaque City) to the west facing Manila Bay, including the Cultural Center of the Philippines, the national senate, and SM Mall of Asia, the second largest mall in the Philippines

to:

* '''Pasay City''' (Pop.: 392,869 / 1 District): A mostly residential city, Pasay stands out by being the site of Ninoy Aquino International Airport, the Philippines' principal airport (with some parts sticking out into Parañaque City), as well as a Marcos-era reclamation project (also extending to Parañaque City) to the west facing Manila Bay, including the Cultural Center of the Philippines, the national senate, and SM Mall of Asia, the second fourth largest mall in the PhilippinesPhilippines, and the 11th largest in the world.


* ''Series/{{LastResort}}'': Two episodes were set in Manila. Notably, the scene where the two protagonists walk in a Manila neighborhood was merely a conspicuous CGI. The rest of the establishing shots used stock footage of pedestrians and traffic in the city.

to:

* ''Series/{{LastResort}}'': ''[[Series/{{LastResort}} Last Resort]]'': Two episodes were set in Manila. Notably, the scene where the two protagonists walk in a Manila neighborhood was merely a conspicuous CGI. The rest of the establishing shots used stock footage of pedestrians and traffic in the city.



* [[Literature/{{Invasion}} Invasion]] by Eric L. Harry mentions that the Chinese invading forces "raped" Manila. Judging by the use of the word, it can assumed what happened was a repeat of Dresden and Nanking combined.

to:

* [[Literature/{{Invasion}} Invasion]] ''[[Literature/{{Invasion}} Invasion]]'' by Eric L. Harry mentions that the Chinese invading forces "raped" Manila. Judging by the use of the word, it can assumed what happened was a repeat of Dresden and Nanking combined.combined.
* The [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thrilla_in_Manila Thrilla in Manila]] was indirectly referenced by Lance Vance in ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoViceCityStories''.
-->'''Lance Vance''': I'm the black killa from Manila!


* Film/TheBourneLegacy: The final portions of the film is set in the capital of the Philippines.
* Film/PacificRim: Manila was attacked by a kaiju twice.
* Series/Last Resort: Two episodes were set in Manila. Notably, the scene where the two protagonist walk in a Manila neigborhood was merely a conspicuous CGI. The rest of the establishing shots used stock footage of pedestrians and traffic in the city.
* Invasion (2000) by Eric L. Harry mentions that the Chinese invading forces "raped" Manila. Judging by the use of the word, it can assumed what happened was a repeat of Dresden and Nanking combined.

to:

* Film/TheBourneLegacy: ''Film/TheBourneLegacy'': The final portions of the film is set in the capital of the Philippines.
* Film/PacificRim: ''Film/PacificRim'': Manila was attacked by a kaiju twice.
* Series/Last Resort: ''Series/{{LastResort}}'': Two episodes were set in Manila. Notably, the scene where the two protagonist protagonists walk in a Manila neigborhood neighborhood was merely a conspicuous CGI. The rest of the establishing shots used stock footage of pedestrians and traffic in the city.
* Invasion (2000) ''Literature/TheManInTheHighCastle'' and its [[Series/TheManInTheHighCastle TV series]] has Manila is part of the Japanese Empire, which have incorporated much of East Asia in this alternate 1962 where the Axis won WWII. [[spoiler: In the TV Series, the German High Command planned to hit Manila with a submarine-launched nuclear missile during the first phase of attacking the Japanese Empire.]]
* [[Literature/{{Invasion}} Invasion]]
by Eric L. Harry mentions that the Chinese invading forces "raped" Manila. Judging by the use of the word, it can assumed what happened was a repeat of Dresden and Nanking combined.


Manila flourished as the capital of the Spanish East Indies (which included modern-day Palau, Guam, the Northern Marianas, and the Federated States of Micronesia), including a two-year stint under British rule in 1762-1764, a product of the UsefulNotes/SevenYearsWar between Spain's ally France and britain. Manila also flourished as the western terminus of a trade fleet to and from Acapulco in Mexico.

to:

Manila flourished as the capital of the Spanish East Indies (which included modern-day Palau, Guam, the Northern Marianas, and the Federated States of Micronesia), including a two-year stint under British rule in 1762-1764, a product of the UsefulNotes/SevenYearsWar between Spain's ally France and britain. Britain. Manila also flourished as the western terminus of a once- or twiice-a-year trade fleet to and from Acapulco in Mexico.
Mexico, using some of the largest galleons in Spanish service to silver from the New World mines to Asia, along with some other items (possibly including the Far East's first chili peppers), and send Asian goods (and particularly Chinese goods) to Spanish America (and, sometimes, on to Spain itself).


* '''Paco''': now a middle-class residential-industrial area, it was formerly called "Dilao"[[labelnote:*]]Tagalog for "Yellow", a quite racist reference to the yellowish skin color of East Asians[[/labelnote]] in reference to the JapaneseChristian minority who fled Japan and settled at the area as refugees following the ban on Christianity imposed during the Tokugawa Shogunate. A statue of their leader, [[UsefulNotes/DomJustoTakayamaUkon Ukon "Justo" Takayama]], stands at the plaza in front of the old train station today.

to:

* '''Paco''': now a middle-class residential-industrial area, it was formerly called "Dilao"[[labelnote:*]]Tagalog for "Yellow", a quite racist reference to the yellowish skin color of East Asians[[/labelnote]] in reference to the JapaneseChristian UsefulNotes/JapaneseChristian minority who fled Japan and settled at the area as refugees following the ban on Christianity imposed during the Tokugawa Shogunate. A statue of their leader, [[UsefulNotes/DomJustoTakayamaUkon Ukon "Justo" Takayama]], stands at the plaza in front of the old train station today.


* '''Paco''': now a middle-class residential-industrial area, it was formerly called "Dilao"[[labelnote:*]]Tagalog for "Yellow", referring to the yellowish skin color of East Asians[[/note]] in reference to the Japanese Christian minority who settled at the area after fleeing Japan following the ban on Christianity imposed during the Tokugawa Shogunate. A statue of their leader, [[UsefulNotes/DomJustoTakayamaUkon Ukon "Justo" Takayama]], stands at the plaza in front of the old train station today.

to:

* '''Paco''': now a middle-class residential-industrial area, it was formerly called "Dilao"[[labelnote:*]]Tagalog for "Yellow", referring a quite racist reference to the yellowish skin color of East Asians[[/note]] Asians[[/labelnote]] in reference to the Japanese Christian JapaneseChristian minority who fled Japan and settled at the area after fleeing Japan as refugees following the ban on Christianity imposed during the Tokugawa Shogunate. A statue of their leader, [[UsefulNotes/DomJustoTakayamaUkon Ukon "Justo" Takayama]], stands at the plaza in front of the old train station today.


* '''Paco''': a middle-class residential area and once home to a Japanese Christian minority who fled Japan following the ban on Christianity imposed during the Tokugawa Shogunate. A statue of their leader, Takayama Ukon (who adopted the Christian name "Justo"), stands at the plaza today.

to:

* '''Paco''': now a middle-class residential area and once home residential-industrial area, it was formerly called "Dilao"[[labelnote:*]]Tagalog for "Yellow", referring to a the yellowish skin color of East Asians[[/note]] in reference to the Japanese Christian minority who fled settled at the area after fleeing Japan following the ban on Christianity imposed during the Tokugawa Shogunate. A statue of their leader, Takayama [[UsefulNotes/DomJustoTakayamaUkon Ukon (who adopted the Christian name "Justo"), "Justo" Takayama]], stands at the plaza in front of the old train station today.

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