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** This branch is also a critical element of ''Film/EternalSunshineOfTheSpotlessMind'' has a few critical scenes on this branch. It even opens with the lovers meeting on the platform in Montauk waiting for a New York-bound train, and both are going to Rockville Centre.

to:

** This branch is also is, interestingly, a critical element of ''Film/EternalSunshineOfTheSpotlessMind'' has a few critical scenes on this branch.''Film/EternalSunshineOfTheSpotlessMind''. It even opens with the lovers meeting on the platform in Montauk waiting for a New York-bound train, and both are going to Rockville Centre.


** ''Film/EternalSunshineOfTheSpotlessMind'' has a few critical scenes on this branch, [[BookEnds opening and ending]] with the lovers meeting on the platform in Montauk waiting for a train to Rockville Centre.

to:

** This branch is also a critical element of ''Film/EternalSunshineOfTheSpotlessMind'' has a few critical scenes on this branch, [[BookEnds opening and ending]] branch. It even opens with the lovers meeting on the platform in Montauk waiting for a train New York-bound train, and both are going to Rockville Centre.


* '''Montauk Branch:''' The longest branch in the system (in fact, the eastern end is closer to Boston than to New York), the Montauk Branch runs from Long Island City to Montauk, although the section west of Babylon is publicly classified as the Babylon Branch[[note]]This is because of the very long length of the branch, although the two sections of the line are very distinct - the western "Babylon Branch" section is electrified, fully elevated and has very frequent service to Penn Station, while the eastern section from Babylon to Montauk is diesel-powered, at ground level, with less frequent service[[/note]]. This branch serves the Hamptons (which is some of the most valuable real estate in the WORLD). This branch also has the last named train in the system (the ''Cannonball'', which goes nonstop from Penn to the Hamptons in the summer).

to:

* '''Montauk Branch:''' The longest branch in the system (in fact, the eastern end is closer to Boston than to New York), the Montauk Branch runs from Long Island City to Montauk, although the section west of Babylon is publicly classified as the Babylon Branch[[note]]This is because of the very long length of the branch, although the two sections of the line are very distinct - the western "Babylon Branch" section is electrified, fully elevated and has very frequent service to Penn Station, while the eastern section from Babylon to Montauk is diesel-powered, at ground level, with less frequent service[[/note]]. This branch serves the Hamptons (which is some of the most valuable real estate in the WORLD). ''world''). This branch also has the last named train in the system (the ''Cannonball'', which goes nonstop from Penn to the Hamptons in the summer).
summer).
** ''Film/EternalSunshineOfTheSpotlessMind'' has a few critical scenes on this branch, [[BookEnds opening and ending]] with the lovers meeting on the platform in Montauk waiting for a train to Rockville Centre.


* '''Mets–Willets Point:''' Currently a limited-use station, but with an interesting history. It was originally built to serve the 1939 World's Fair in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, and known as "World's Fair". In 1946, the park became the temporary site of the UsefulNotes/UnitedNations General Assembly, with the station renamed "United Nations". The station closed in 1952 once the UN moved to its permanent headquarters in Midtown Manhattan, but reopened under its original name in 1961. The station also served the 1964 World's Fair, and a pedestrian connection was built to provide direct access to the newly built Shea Stadium, home to the [[UsefulNotes/MLBTeams New York Mets]] and [[UsefulNotes/NationalFootballLeague New York Jets]] (the Jets have long since moved to New Jersey). The station was renamed "Shea Stadium" in 1966, and received its current name in 2009, after Shea Stadium had been torn down and replaced by Citi Field. The station is now open only for Mets home games, the US Open in tennis (held at Flushing Meadows), other special events, and emergencies. However, the proposed [=AirTrain LaGuardia=], which would connect [=LaGuardia=] Airport to the LIRR and NYC Subway, would connect with the LIRR here.

to:

* '''Mets–Willets Point:''' Currently On the Port Washington Branch; currently a limited-use station, but with an interesting history. It was originally built to serve the 1939 World's Fair in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, and known as "World's Fair". In 1946, the park became the temporary site of the UsefulNotes/UnitedNations General Assembly, with the station renamed "United Nations". The station closed in 1952 once the UN moved to its permanent headquarters in Midtown Manhattan, but reopened under its original name in 1961. The station also served the 1964 World's Fair, and a pedestrian connection was built to provide direct access to the newly built Shea Stadium, home to the [[UsefulNotes/MLBTeams New York Mets]] and [[UsefulNotes/NationalFootballLeague New York Jets]] (the Jets have long since moved to New Jersey). The station was renamed "Shea Stadium" in 1966, and received its current name in 2009, after Shea Stadium had been torn down and replaced by Citi Field. The station is now open only for Mets home games, the US Open in tennis (held at Flushing Meadows), other special events, and emergencies. However, the proposed [=AirTrain LaGuardia=], which would connect [=LaGuardia=] Airport to the LIRR and NYC Subway, would connect with the LIRR here.


* '''Ronkonkoma:''' The busiest station in Suffolk County, and as mentioned above, the busiest outside of the New York terminals. Almost all trains on the Ronkonkoma branch terminate here; customers traveling east of Ronkonkoma to Greenport typically must transfer from an electric train to a diesel shuttle. The station is also close to [=MacArthur=] Airport.

to:

* '''Ronkonkoma:''' The busiest station in Suffolk County, and as mentioned above, the busiest outside of the New York terminals. Almost all trains on the Ronkonkoma branch terminate here; customers traveling east of Ronkonkoma to Greenport typically must transfer from an electric train to a diesel shuttle. The station is also close to [=MacArthur=] Airport.Airport.

!!Other stations of note:
* '''Elmont:''' Currently under construction and scheduled to open in 2021 (eastbound) and 2022 (westbound), it is an infill station on the Hempstead Branch. This station will provide year-round access to Belmont Park, as well as UBS Arena, the future home of the [[UsefulNotes/NationalHockeyLeague New York Islanders]].
* '''Mets–Willets Point:''' Currently a limited-use station, but with an interesting history. It was originally built to serve the 1939 World's Fair in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, and known as "World's Fair". In 1946, the park became the temporary site of the UsefulNotes/UnitedNations General Assembly, with the station renamed "United Nations". The station closed in 1952 once the UN moved to its permanent headquarters in Midtown Manhattan, but reopened under its original name in 1961. The station also served the 1964 World's Fair, and a pedestrian connection was built to provide direct access to the newly built Shea Stadium, home to the [[UsefulNotes/MLBTeams New York Mets]] and [[UsefulNotes/NationalFootballLeague New York Jets]] (the Jets have long since moved to New Jersey). The station was renamed "Shea Stadium" in 1966, and received its current name in 2009, after Shea Stadium had been torn down and replaced by Citi Field. The station is now open only for Mets home games, the US Open in tennis (held at Flushing Meadows), other special events, and emergencies. However, the proposed [=AirTrain LaGuardia=], which would connect [=LaGuardia=] Airport to the LIRR and NYC Subway, would connect with the LIRR here.


* '''Port Jefferson Branch:''' This part-electric/part-diesel branch is the second-highest in ridership in the system (behind the Babylon). It serves major business districts while traveling through Nassau (Mineola and Hicksville), but in Suffolk, it serves smaller, more residential, towns (such as Cold Spring Harbor, Northport and St. James, which is home to the oldest station house in the system). It also serves the state college at Stony Brook. Electrification ends at Huntington, where passengers must often switch to diesel shuttles; because of this, the electrified section of the branch is also sometimes informally called the ''Huntington Branch'', or "Hicksville/Huntington Branch".[[note]]Some weekday trains terminate at Hicskville[[/note]]

to:

* '''Port Jefferson Branch:''' This part-electric/part-diesel branch is the second-highest in ridership in the system (behind the Babylon). It serves major business districts while traveling through Nassau (Mineola and Hicksville), but in Suffolk, it serves smaller, more residential, towns (such as Cold Spring Harbor, Northport and St. James, which is home to the oldest station house in the system). It also serves the state college at Stony Brook.Brook University. Electrification ends at Huntington, where passengers must often switch to diesel shuttles; because of this, the electrified section of the branch is also sometimes informally called the ''Huntington Branch'', or "Hicksville/Huntington Branch".[[note]]Some weekday trains terminate at Hicskville[[/note]]


The Long Island Rail Road (also known as the LIRR) is a commuter railroad serving (as the name says) Long Island, New York. It is operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority (better known as the MTA), which you may know as the company that operates the UsefulNotes/{{New York Subway}}. It wasn't always so; it was founded in 1834 as an independent company; as such, it became the bane of law students across America, as it got into quite a few notable lawsuits in the early 20th century--most notably ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palsgraf_v_Long_Island_Railroad_Co Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co.]]'', which ''every'' American law student reads and learns to hate and love for the complex beauty and beautiful complexity of Chief Judge Cardozo's opinion. Despite the changes in ownership, it has remained intact as a single unit with the same name ever since its founding--one of the few to have done so. It is also the only commuter rail system in the US to operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Now that we have that out of the way, let's talk about the system itself.

to:

The Long Island Rail Road (also known as the LIRR) is a commuter railroad serving (as the name says) Long Island, New York. It is operated by the Metropolitan Transit Transportation Authority (better known as the MTA), which you may know as the company that operates the UsefulNotes/{{New York City Subway}}. It wasn't always so; it was founded in 1834 as an independent company; as such, it became the bane of law students across America, as it got into quite a few notable lawsuits in the early 20th century--most notably ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palsgraf_v_Long_Island_Railroad_Co Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co.]]'', which ''every'' American law student reads and learns to hate and love for the complex beauty and beautiful complexity of Chief Judge Cardozo's opinion. Despite the changes in ownership, it has remained intact as a single unit with the same name ever since its founding--one of the few to have done so. It is also the only commuter rail system in the US to operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Now that we have that out of the way, let's talk about the system itself.


* '''Far Rockaway Branch:''' This electrified branch is one of the shorter ones in the system. Nothing on this is really of interest, though Far Rockaway is the only full-time terminal (excluding the City Terminal Zone, of course) that is within the boundaries of UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity itself.[[note]]The branch runs mostly through Nassau County, and then goes back into New York City for the final stop. The branch used to operate further into the city, although that track is part of the New York City Subway today.[[/note]]

to:

* '''Far Rockaway Branch:''' This electrified branch is one of the shorter ones in the system. Nothing on this is really of interest, though Far Rockaway is the only full-time terminal (excluding the City Terminal Zone, of course) that is within the boundaries of UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity itself.[[note]]The branch runs mostly through Nassau County, and then goes back into New York City for the final stop. The branch used to operate further into down the city, Rockaway Peninsula, although that track is part of the New York City Subway Subway's A Train today.[[/note]]


* '''City Terminal Zone:''' Not exactly a line per se, but a combination of all services west of Jamaica (barring the Port Washington, but that's because it doesn't go to Jamaica). A good chunk of trains normally flow into Penn Station in Manhattan (the main railroad station in New York, despite the media making you believe it's Grand Central[[note]]but that's because Grand Central is a lot bigger and nicer than Penn[[/note]]) or Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn. A connection to Grand Central is expected to open in 2022. Bilevel trains pulled by [=DE30AC=] diesel locomotives terminate at Long Island City or Jamaica, because the other two termini are underground, and diesels are barred from tunnels due to the fumes they produce.

to:

* '''City Terminal Zone:''' Not exactly a line per se, but a combination of all services west of Jamaica (barring the Port Washington, but that's because it doesn't go to Jamaica). A good chunk of trains normally flow into Penn Station in Manhattan (the main railroad station in New York, despite the media making you believe it's Grand Central[[note]]but that's because Grand Central is a lot bigger and nicer than Penn[[/note]]) or Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn. A connection to Grand Central is expected to open in 2022. Bilevel Some trains pulled by [=DE30AC=] diesel locomotives terminate at only go as far as Long Island City or Jamaica, because the other two termini are underground, and diesels are barred from tunnels due to the fumes they produce.
Jamaica.


* '''City Terminal Zone:''' Not exactly a line per se, but a combination of all services west of Jamaica (barring the Port Washington, but that's because it doesn't go to Jamaica). A good chunk of trains normally flow into Penn Station in Manhattan (the main railroad station in New York, despite the media making you believe it's Grand Central[[note]]but that's because Grand Central is a lot bigger and nicer than Penn[[/note]]) or Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn. A connection to Grand Central is expected to open in 2022. Bilevel trains pulled by DE30AC diesel locomotives terminate at Long Island City or Jamaica, because the other two termini are underground, and diesels are barred from tunnels due to the fumes they produce.

to:

* '''City Terminal Zone:''' Not exactly a line per se, but a combination of all services west of Jamaica (barring the Port Washington, but that's because it doesn't go to Jamaica). A good chunk of trains normally flow into Penn Station in Manhattan (the main railroad station in New York, despite the media making you believe it's Grand Central[[note]]but that's because Grand Central is a lot bigger and nicer than Penn[[/note]]) or Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn. A connection to Grand Central is expected to open in 2022. Bilevel trains pulled by DE30AC [=DE30AC=] diesel locomotives terminate at Long Island City or Jamaica, because the other two termini are underground, and diesels are barred from tunnels due to the fumes they produce.



* '''Port Jefferson Branch:''' This part-electric/part-diesel branch is the second-highest in ridership in the system (behind the Babylon). It serves major business districts while traveling through Nassau (Mineola and Hicksville), but in Suffolk, it serves smaller, more residential, towns (such as Cold Spring Harbor, Northport and St. James, which is home to the oldest station house in the system). It also serves the state college at Stony Brook. Electrification ends at Huntington, where passengers must often switch to diesel shuttles; because of this, the electrified section of the branch is also sometimes informally called the ''Huntington Branch'', or "Hicksville/Huntington Branch"[[note]]Some weekday trains terminate at Hicskville[[/note]].

to:

* '''Port Jefferson Branch:''' This part-electric/part-diesel branch is the second-highest in ridership in the system (behind the Babylon). It serves major business districts while traveling through Nassau (Mineola and Hicksville), but in Suffolk, it serves smaller, more residential, towns (such as Cold Spring Harbor, Northport and St. James, which is home to the oldest station house in the system). It also serves the state college at Stony Brook. Electrification ends at Huntington, where passengers must often switch to diesel shuttles; because of this, the electrified section of the branch is also sometimes informally called the ''Huntington Branch'', or "Hicksville/Huntington Branch"[[note]]Some Branch".[[note]]Some weekday trains terminate at Hicskville[[/note]].
Hicskville[[/note]]



* '''Ronkonkoma:''' The busiest station in Suffolk County, and as mentioned above, the busiest outside of the New York terminals. Almost all trains on the Ronkonkoma branch terminate here; customers traveling east of Ronkonkoma to Greenport typically must transfer from an electric train to a diesel shuttle. The station is also close to MacArthur Airport.

to:

* '''Ronkonkoma:''' The busiest station in Suffolk County, and as mentioned above, the busiest outside of the New York terminals. Almost all trains on the Ronkonkoma branch terminate here; customers traveling east of Ronkonkoma to Greenport typically must transfer from an electric train to a diesel shuttle. The station is also close to MacArthur [=MacArthur=] Airport.


* '''Montauk Branch:''' The longest branch in the system (in fact, the eastern end is closer to Boston than to New York), the Montauk Branch runs from Long Island City to Montauk, although the section west of Babylon is publicly classified as the ''Babylon Branch''[[note]]This is because of the very long length of the branch, although the two sections of the line are very distinct - the western "Babylon Branch" section is electrified, fully elevated and has very frequent service to Penn Station, while the eastern section from Babylon to Montauk is diesel-powered, at ground level, with less frequent service[[/note]]. This branch serves the Hamptons (which is some of the most valuable real estate in the WORLD). This branch also has the last named train in the system (the ''Cannonball'', which goes nonstop from Penn to the Hamptons in the summer).

to:

* '''Montauk Branch:''' The longest branch in the system (in fact, the eastern end is closer to Boston than to New York), the Montauk Branch runs from Long Island City to Montauk, although the section west of Babylon is publicly classified as the ''Babylon Branch''[[note]]This Babylon Branch[[note]]This is because of the very long length of the branch, although the two sections of the line are very distinct - the western "Babylon Branch" section is electrified, fully elevated and has very frequent service to Penn Station, while the eastern section from Babylon to Montauk is diesel-powered, at ground level, with less frequent service[[/note]]. This branch serves the Hamptons (which is some of the most valuable real estate in the WORLD). This branch also has the last named train in the system (the ''Cannonball'', which goes nonstop from Penn to the Hamptons in the summer).



* '''Port Jefferson Branch:''' This part-electric/part-diesel branch is the second-highest in ridership in the system (behind the Babylon). It serves major business districts while traveling through Nassau (Mineola and Hicksville), but in Suffolk, it serves smaller, more residential, towns (such as Cold Spring Harbor, Northport and St. James, which is home to the oldest station house in the system). It also serves the state college at Stony Brook. Electrification ends at Huntington, where passengers must often switch to diesel shuttles; because of this, the electrified section of the branch is also sometimes informally called the ''Huntington Branch'', or "Hicksville/Huntington Branch".[[note]]Some weekday trains terminate at Hicskville, which is a very busy station[[/note]].

to:

* '''Port Jefferson Branch:''' This part-electric/part-diesel branch is the second-highest in ridership in the system (behind the Babylon). It serves major business districts while traveling through Nassau (Mineola and Hicksville), but in Suffolk, it serves smaller, more residential, towns (such as Cold Spring Harbor, Northport and St. James, which is home to the oldest station house in the system). It also serves the state college at Stony Brook. Electrification ends at Huntington, where passengers must often switch to diesel shuttles; because of this, the electrified section of the branch is also sometimes informally called the ''Huntington Branch'', or "Hicksville/Huntington Branch".[[note]]Some Branch"[[note]]Some weekday trains terminate at Hicskville, which is a very busy station[[/note]].
Hicskville[[/note]].


* '''City Terminal Zone:''' Not exactly a line per se, but a combination of all services west of Jamaica (barring the Port Washington, but that's because it doesn't go to Jamaica). A good chunk of trains normally flow into Penn Station in Manhattan (the main railroad station in New York, despite the media making you believe it's Grand Central, but that's because Grand Central is a lot nicer, though a connection there is planned to be open in 2019) or Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn. Bilevel trains using DE30AC diesel locomotives (which cannot operate in tunnels in New York due to laws with the fumes) terminate at Long Island City, because the other two termini are underground.

* '''Babylon Branch:''' This is the most used branch in the system (about 60000 riders on the average weekday). This branch is completely elevated, because it runs next to a major highway, which means it was unsafe to keep at ground level. This branch is entirely electrified.

to:

* '''City Terminal Zone:''' Not exactly a line per se, but a combination of all services west of Jamaica (barring the Port Washington, but that's because it doesn't go to Jamaica). A good chunk of trains normally flow into Penn Station in Manhattan (the main railroad station in New York, despite the media making you believe it's Grand Central, but Central[[note]]but that's because Grand Central is a lot nicer, though a connection there is planned to be open in 2019) bigger and nicer than Penn[[/note]]) or Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn. A connection to Grand Central is expected to open in 2022. Bilevel trains using pulled by DE30AC diesel locomotives (which cannot operate in tunnels in New York due to laws with the fumes) terminate at Long Island City, City or Jamaica, because the other two termini are underground.

underground, and diesels are barred from tunnels due to the fumes they produce.

* '''Babylon Branch:''' This is the most used branch in the system (about 60000 60,000 riders on the average weekday). This branch is entirely electrified, and also completely elevated, because it runs next to a major highway, which means it was unsafe to keep at ground level. This branch is entirely electrified.
actually physically part of the Montauk Branch (See below), although it is classified as a different service.



* '''Central Branch:''' Not normally marked on maps (because it lacks any stops), the Central Branch is a non-electrified line forking off of the Ronkonkoma Branch near Bethpage and merging with the Babylon Branch near Babylon.

* '''Far Rockaway Branch:''' This electrified branch is one of the shorter ones in the system. Nothing on this is really of interest, though Far Rockaway is the only full-time terminal (excluding the City Terminal Zone, of course) that is within the boundaries of UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity itself.

to:

* '''Central Branch:''' Not normally marked on maps (because it lacks any stops), has no stations), the Central Branch is a non-electrified line forking off of the Ronkonkoma Branch near Bethpage and merging with the Babylon Branch near Babylon.

Babylon. It is used by some Montauk Branch trains.

* '''Far Rockaway Branch:''' This electrified branch is one of the shorter ones in the system. Nothing on this is really of interest, though Far Rockaway is the only full-time terminal (excluding the City Terminal Zone, of course) that is within the boundaries of UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity itself.
itself.[[note]]The branch runs mostly through Nassau County, and then goes back into New York City for the final stop. The branch used to operate further into the city, although that track is part of the New York City Subway today.[[/note]]



* '''Montauk Branch:''' The longest branch in the system (in fact, the eastern end is closer to Boston than to New York), the Montauk Branch is technically a diesel extension of the Babylon. But since the branch is so long, it is classified as a different service. This branch serves the Hamptons (which is some of the most valuable real estate in the WORLD). This branch also has the last named train in the system (the Cannonball, which goes nonstop from Penn to the Hamptons in the summer).

to:

* '''Montauk Branch:''' The longest branch in the system (in fact, the eastern end is closer to Boston than to New York), the Montauk Branch is technically a diesel extension of runs from Long Island City to Montauk, although the Babylon. But since the branch section west of Babylon is so long, it is publicly classified as a different service.the ''Babylon Branch''[[note]]This is because of the very long length of the branch, although the two sections of the line are very distinct - the western "Babylon Branch" section is electrified, fully elevated and has very frequent service to Penn Station, while the eastern section from Babylon to Montauk is diesel-powered, at ground level, with less frequent service[[/note]]. This branch serves the Hamptons (which is some of the most valuable real estate in the WORLD). This branch also has the last named train in the system (the Cannonball, ''Cannonball'', which goes nonstop from Penn to the Hamptons in the summer).



* '''Port Jefferson Branch:''' This part-electric/part-diesel branch is the second-highest in ridership in the system (behind the Babylon). It serves major business districts while traveling through Nassau (Mineola and Hicksville), but in Suffolk, it serves smaller, more residential, towns (such as Cold Spring Harbor, Northport and St. James, which is home to the oldest station house in the system). It also serves the state college at Stony Brook.

to:

* '''Port Jefferson Branch:''' This part-electric/part-diesel branch is the second-highest in ridership in the system (behind the Babylon). It serves major business districts while traveling through Nassau (Mineola and Hicksville), but in Suffolk, it serves smaller, more residential, towns (such as Cold Spring Harbor, Northport and St. James, which is home to the oldest station house in the system). It also serves the state college at Stony Brook.
Brook. Electrification ends at Huntington, where passengers must often switch to diesel shuttles; because of this, the electrified section of the branch is also sometimes informally called the ''Huntington Branch'', or "Hicksville/Huntington Branch".[[note]]Some weekday trains terminate at Hicskville, which is a very busy station[[/note]].



* '''Ronkonkoma Branch:''' The only branch where the terminal is NOT in the branch's name, the Ronkonkoma is a high-volume branch straight down the middle of the island. It's a pretty boring branch west of Ronkonkoma (which is the electric section), but it's also the only line on the LIRR to serve a cemetery (at Pinelawn station). East of Ronkonkoma (which is served by diesel trains), the line is predominately rural, passing through pine barrens, farms and vineyards until it's east end at Greenport. As such, due to those factors (as well as infrequent train service, with none on weekends), it feels more like an Amtrak trip at points once you get that far. Ronkonkoma station itself is the busiest east of Jamaica (with about 17000 riders a day) and serves [=MacArthur=] Airport, which is a major destination for Southwest Airlines.

* '''West Hempstead Branch:''' The least used branch in the system (as well as the shortest, with a one-way trip from end to end taking about ten minutes), the West Hempstead is a completely electric branch known for it's infrequent service (like with the eastern part of the Ronkonkoma, it has no weekend service). In fact, it is so lightly used that you can find a seat at rush hour on most days.

to:

* '''Ronkonkoma Branch:''' The only branch where the terminal is NOT in the branch's name, the Ronkonkoma is a high-volume branch straight down the middle of the island. It's a pretty boring branch west of Ronkonkoma (which is the electric section), but it's also the only line on the LIRR to serve a cemetery (at Pinelawn station). East of Ronkonkoma (which is served by diesel trains), the line is predominately rural, passing through pine barrens, farms and vineyards until it's east eastern end at Greenport. Greenport[[note]]Also called the Greenport Branch[[/note]]. As such, due to those factors (as well as infrequent train service, with none on weekends), weekends outside of summer), it feels more like an Amtrak trip at points once you get that far. Ronkonkoma station itself is the busiest east of Jamaica (with about 17000 17,000 riders a day) and serves [=MacArthur=] Airport, which is a major destination for Southwest Airlines.

* '''West Hempstead Branch:''' The least used branch in the system (as well as the shortest, with a one-way trip from end to end taking about ten minutes), the West Hempstead is a completely electric branch known for it's infrequent service (like with the eastern part of the Ronkonkoma, it has no weekend service). service. In fact, it is so lightly used that you can find a seat at rush hour on most days.
days. Because of the low ridership, weekend service was discontinued in 2010, but restored in 2014.



* '''Jamaica:''' The nucleus of the system, Jamaica is an eight-track hub in the middle of the New York City neighborhood of Jamaica (which is, strangely enough, home to a lot of UsefulNotes/{{Jamaica}}ns, though the names are coincidental). Almost every train (except Port Washington Branch ones) pass through here, and changing trains at Jamaica to get a train to another terminal is a rite of passage for Long Islanders. Most diesel trains terminate here during off-peak hours.

to:

* '''Jamaica:''' The nucleus of the system, Jamaica is an eight-track hub in the middle of the New York City neighborhood of Jamaica (which is, strangely enough, home to a lot of UsefulNotes/{{Jamaica}}ns, though the names are coincidental). Almost every train (except Port Washington Branch ones) pass through here, and changing trains at Jamaica to get a train to another terminal is a rite of passage for Long Islanders. Most diesel trains terminate here during off-peak hours.hours.

* '''Hicksville:''' The busiest station in Nassau County. Some trains terminate here on weekdays.

* '''Ronkonkoma:''' The busiest station in Suffolk County, and as mentioned above, the busiest outside of the New York terminals. Almost all trains on the Ronkonkoma branch terminate here; customers traveling east of Ronkonkoma to Greenport typically must transfer from an electric train to a diesel shuttle. The station is also close to MacArthur Airport.


* '''City Terminal Zone:''' Not exactly a line per se, but a combination of all services west of Jamaica (barring the Port Washington, but that's because it doesn't go to Jamaica). A good chunk of trains normally flow into Penn Station in Manhattan (the main railroad station in New York, despite the media making you believe it's Grand Central, but that's because Grand Central is a lot nicer, though a connection there is planned to be open in 2019) or Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn. Diesel trains (which cannot operate in tunnels in New York due to laws with the fumes) terminate at Long Island City, because the other two termini are underground.

to:

* '''City Terminal Zone:''' Not exactly a line per se, but a combination of all services west of Jamaica (barring the Port Washington, but that's because it doesn't go to Jamaica). A good chunk of trains normally flow into Penn Station in Manhattan (the main railroad station in New York, despite the media making you believe it's Grand Central, but that's because Grand Central is a lot nicer, though a connection there is planned to be open in 2019) or Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn. Diesel Bilevel trains using DE30AC diesel locomotives (which cannot operate in tunnels in New York due to laws with the fumes) terminate at Long Island City, because the other two termini are underground.



* '''Oyster Bay Branch:''' This mostly-diesel branch (it is electrified to East Williston, but only sees one electric train a day, simply to polish the 3rd rail) is the second-lowest in ridership if you exclude the Belmont Park Branch (the West Hempstead is the lowest in ridership). It serves the wealthy towns of northeast Nassau County, and ends in Oyster Bay, where president Theodore Roosevelt had his summer home.

to:

* '''Oyster Bay Branch:''' This mostly-diesel branch (it is electrified to East Williston, but only sees one electric train a day, simply to polish the 3rd third rail) is the second-lowest in ridership if you exclude the Belmont Park Branch (the West Hempstead is the lowest in ridership). It serves the wealthy towns of northeast Nassau County, and ends in Oyster Bay, where president Theodore Roosevelt had his summer home.


The Long Island Railroad (also known as the LIRR) is a commuter railroad serving (as the name says) Long Island, New York. It is operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority (better known as the MTA), which you may know as the company that operates the UsefulNotes/{{New York Subway}}. It wasn't always so; it was founded in 1834 as an independent company; as such, it became the bane of law students across America, as it got into quite a few notable lawsuits in the early 20th century--most notably ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palsgraf_v_Long_Island_Railroad_Co Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co.]]'', which ''every'' American law student reads and learns to hate and love for the complex beauty and beautiful complexity of Chief Judge Cardozo's opinion. Despite the changes in ownership, it has remained intact as a single unit with the same name ever since its founding--one of the few to have done so. It is also the only commuter rail system in the US to operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Now that we have that out of the way, let's talk about the system itself.

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The Long Island Railroad Rail Road (also known as the LIRR) is a commuter railroad serving (as the name says) Long Island, New York. It is operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority (better known as the MTA), which you may know as the company that operates the UsefulNotes/{{New York Subway}}. It wasn't always so; it was founded in 1834 as an independent company; as such, it became the bane of law students across America, as it got into quite a few notable lawsuits in the early 20th century--most notably ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palsgraf_v_Long_Island_Railroad_Co Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co.]]'', which ''every'' American law student reads and learns to hate and love for the complex beauty and beautiful complexity of Chief Judge Cardozo's opinion. Despite the changes in ownership, it has remained intact as a single unit with the same name ever since its founding--one of the few to have done so. It is also the only commuter rail system in the US to operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Now that we have that out of the way, let's talk about the system itself.



* '''City Terminal Zone:''' Not exactly a line per se, but a combination of all services west of Jamaica (barring the Port Washington, but that's because it doesn't go to Jamaica). A good chunk of trains normally flow into Penn Station in Manhattan (the main railroad station in New York, despite the media making you believe it's Grand Central, but that's because Grand Central is a lot nicer, though a connection there is planned to be open in 2019) or Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn. Diesel trains (which cannot operate in tunnels in New York due to laws with the fumes) terminate at either Hunterspoint Avenue or Long Island City, because the other two termini are underground.

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* '''City Terminal Zone:''' Not exactly a line per se, but a combination of all services west of Jamaica (barring the Port Washington, but that's because it doesn't go to Jamaica). A good chunk of trains normally flow into Penn Station in Manhattan (the main railroad station in New York, despite the media making you believe it's Grand Central, but that's because Grand Central is a lot nicer, though a connection there is planned to be open in 2019) or Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn. Diesel trains (which cannot operate in tunnels in New York due to laws with the fumes) terminate at either Hunterspoint Avenue or Long Island City, because the other two termini are underground.



* '''Belmont Park Branch:''' The least used branch in the system, as well as the shortest, the Belmont Park Branch is only used on horse racing days. It serves the Belmont Park racetrack, home to the Belmont Stakes. The only station on this branch, Belmont Park, is the only station in the entire system with low level platforms, which means that the platform is NOT at the same level as the train doors. It is entirely electrified.

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* '''Belmont Park Branch:''' The least used branch in the system, as well as the shortest, the Belmont Park Branch is only used on horse racing days. It serves the Belmont Park racetrack, home to the Belmont Stakes. The only station on this branch, Belmont Park, is the only station in the entire system with low level platforms, which means that the platform is NOT at the same level as the train doors. It is entirely electrified.



* '''Ronkonkoma Branch:''' The only branch where the terminal is NOT in the branch's name, the Ronkonkoma is a high-volume branch straight down the middle of the island. It's a pretty boring branch west of Ronkonkoma (which is the electric section), but it's also the only line on the LIRR to serve a cemetery (at Pinelawn station). East of Ronkonkoma (which is served by diesel trains), the line is predominatly rural, passing through pine barrens, farms and vineyards until it's east end at Greenport. As such, due to those factors (as well as infrequent train service, with none on weekends), it feels more like an Amtrak trip at points once you get that far. Ronkonkoma station itself is the buisiest east of Jamaica (with about 17000 riders a day) and serves [=MacArthur=] Airport, which is a major destination for Southwest Airlines.

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* '''Ronkonkoma Branch:''' The only branch where the terminal is NOT in the branch's name, the Ronkonkoma is a high-volume branch straight down the middle of the island. It's a pretty boring branch west of Ronkonkoma (which is the electric section), but it's also the only line on the LIRR to serve a cemetery (at Pinelawn station). East of Ronkonkoma (which is served by diesel trains), the line is predominatly predominately rural, passing through pine barrens, farms and vineyards until it's east end at Greenport. As such, due to those factors (as well as infrequent train service, with none on weekends), it feels more like an Amtrak trip at points once you get that far. Ronkonkoma station itself is the buisiest busiest east of Jamaica (with about 17000 riders a day) and serves [=MacArthur=] Airport, which is a major destination for Southwest Airlines.



* '''Atlantic Terminal:''' Playing second fiddle to Penn Station is this six-track underground terminal, located in Brooklyn. Strangely enough, it has an stadium on top of it also.

* '''Hunterspoint Avenue:''' Located next to the Sunnyside Yard (one of the largest in North America), this station serves as the terminal for most rush-hour diesel trains.

* '''Long Island City:''' The original terminal of the line, Long Island City only sees a few trains a day (all of them diesel, as it has a yard full of diesel trains), and only at rush hour.

* '''Jamaica:''' The nucleus of the system, Jamaica is an eight-track hub in the middle of the New York City neighborhood of Jamaica (which is, strangely enough, home to a lot of UsefulNotes/{{Jamaica}}ns). Most diesel trains terminate here during off-peak hours.
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* '''Atlantic Terminal:''' Playing second fiddle to Penn Station is this six-track underground terminal, located in Brooklyn. Strangely enough, it It has an stadium a mall on top of it also.

* '''Hunterspoint Avenue:''' Located next to
it, and is located across the Sunnyside Yard (one of street from the largest in North America), this station serves as the terminal for most rush-hour diesel trains.

Barclays Center arena.

* '''Long Island City:''' The original terminal of the line, Long Island City only sees a few trains a day (all of them diesel, as it has a yard full of diesel trains), and only at rush hour.

hour. Even then, many of those rush hour trains turn one station up the line at * '''Hunterspoint Avenue''', which has a direct subway connection.

* '''Jamaica:''' The nucleus of the system, Jamaica is an eight-track hub in the middle of the New York City neighborhood of Jamaica (which is, strangely enough, home to a lot of UsefulNotes/{{Jamaica}}ns). UsefulNotes/{{Jamaica}}ns, though the names are coincidental). Almost every train (except Port Washington Branch ones) pass through here, and changing trains at Jamaica to get a train to another terminal is a rite of passage for Long Islanders. Most diesel trains terminate here during off-peak hours.
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hours.


The Long Island Railroad (also known as the LIRR) is a commuter railroad serving (as the name says) Long Island, New York. It is operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority (better known as the MTA), which you may know as the company that operates the UsefulNotes/{{New York Subway}}. It wasn't always so; it was founded in 1834 as an independent company; as such, it became the bane of law students across America, as it got into quite a few notable lawsuits in the early 20th century--most notably ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palsgraf_v_Long_Island_Railroad_Co Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co.]]'', which ''every'' American law student reads and learns to hate and love for the complex beauty and beautiful complexity of Chief Judge Cardozo's opinion. Despite the changes in ownership, it has remained intact as a single unit with the same name ever since--one of the few to have done so. It is also the only commuter rail system in the US to operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Now that we have that out of the way, let's talk about the system itself.

to:

The Long Island Railroad (also known as the LIRR) is a commuter railroad serving (as the name says) Long Island, New York. It is operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority (better known as the MTA), which you may know as the company that operates the UsefulNotes/{{New York Subway}}. It wasn't always so; it was founded in 1834 as an independent company; as such, it became the bane of law students across America, as it got into quite a few notable lawsuits in the early 20th century--most notably ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palsgraf_v_Long_Island_Railroad_Co Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co.]]'', which ''every'' American law student reads and learns to hate and love for the complex beauty and beautiful complexity of Chief Judge Cardozo's opinion. Despite the changes in ownership, it has remained intact as a single unit with the same name ever since--one since its founding--one of the few to have done so. It is also the only commuter rail system in the US to operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Now that we have that out of the way, let's talk about the system itself.

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