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* '''Baixa Pombalina''' (lit. the ''Pombaline downtown''): the city's downtown and most elegant quarter, it was one of the most hit areas during the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, it was subsequently rebuilt using earthquake-resistant construction, of which the ''Baixa'' was one of the first examples. It was named after Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquess of Pombal, which was the benefactor and catalyzer of the rebuilding of this part of the city.

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* '''Baixa Pombalina''' (lit. the ''Pombaline downtown''): the city's downtown and most elegant quarter, it was one of the most hit areas during the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, it was subsequently rebuilt using earthquake-resistant construction, of which the ''Baixa'' was one of the first examples. Its layout is also structured like a Manhattan-esque grid, in sharp contrast to the rest of the city. It was named after Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquess of Pombal, which was the benefactor and catalyzer of the rebuilding of this part of the city.


* Luz Stadium[[labelnote:note]]Often incorrectly called "Stadium of Light" by foreign press. This is due to a [[overtly literal translation BlindIdiotTranslation]] of its original name "Estádio da Luz", with "Luz" being a reference to its ''address'', the Estrada da Luz ("Luz Road")[[/labelnote]] (a.k.a. ''the Cathedral'', it's Portugal's largest stadium and Benfica football/soccer club's home stadium)

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* Luz Stadium[[labelnote:note]]Often incorrectly called "Stadium of Light" by foreign press. This is due to a [[overtly [[BlindIdiotTranslation overtly literal translation BlindIdiotTranslation]] translation]] of its original name "Estádio da Luz", with "Luz" being a reference to its ''address'', the Estrada da Luz ("Luz Road")[[/labelnote]] (a.k.a. ''the Cathedral'', it's Portugal's largest stadium and Benfica football/soccer club's home stadium)


* Luz Stadium[[labelnote:note]]Often incorrectly called "Stadium of Light" by foreign press. This is due to a literal translation of its original name "Estádio da Luz" but whereas Luz does mean "Light", it's actually a reference to its ''address'', the Estrada da Luz ("Luz Road")[[/labelnote]] (a.k.a. ''the Cathedral'', it's Portugal's largest stadium and Benfica football/soccer club's home stadium)

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* Luz Stadium[[labelnote:note]]Often incorrectly called "Stadium of Light" by foreign press. This is due to a [[overtly literal translation BlindIdiotTranslation]] of its original name "Estádio da Luz" but whereas Luz does mean "Light", it's actually Luz", with "Luz" being a reference to its ''address'', the Estrada da Luz ("Luz Road")[[/labelnote]] (a.k.a. ''the Cathedral'', it's Portugal's largest stadium and Benfica football/soccer club's home stadium)


* Luz Stadium (a.k.a. ''the Cathedral'', it's Portugal's largest stadium and Benfica football/soccer club's home stadium)

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* Luz Stadium Stadium[[labelnote:note]]Often incorrectly called "Stadium of Light" by foreign press. This is due to a literal translation of its original name "Estádio da Luz" but whereas Luz does mean "Light", it's actually a reference to its ''address'', the Estrada da Luz ("Luz Road")[[/labelnote]] (a.k.a. ''the Cathedral'', it's Portugal's largest stadium and Benfica football/soccer club's home stadium)


** MEO Arena, formerly known as the ''Pavilhão Atlântico'' and originally built as the ''Pavilhão da Utopia'', a multipurpose arena and hall;

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** Altice Arena, formely known as MEO Arena, formerly known as the ''Pavilhão Atlântico'' and originally built as the ''Pavilhão da Utopia'', a multipurpose arena and hall;


It is one of the oldest cities in the world, founded c. 1200 BC during the Iberian Iron Age, and the oldest city in Western Europe putting it ahead of such cities as London, Paris and Rome by hundreds of years.

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It is one of the oldest cities in the world, founded c. 1200 BC during the Iberian Iron Age, and the oldest city in Western Europe putting it ahead of such cities as London, Paris and Rome by hundreds of years.
years. It is reputed to have been founded by Ulisses[=/=]Odisseus of ''Literature/TheOdyssey'' fame.


* '''Belém''' (lit. ''Bethlehem''): from here the great Portuguese explorers set off on their voyages, such as Vasco da Gama to India in 1497 and Pedro Álvares Cabral to Brazil in 1499. In Belém there are some of the most important monuments and landmarks of Lisbon, such as the Belém National Palace (the royal residence before 1910 and now the official residence of the President of the Republic), the Ajuda National Palace, the Belém Tower (one of the international trademarks of Lisbon, along with the 25 de Abril bridge), the Jerónimos Monastery and the ''Padrão dos Descobrimentos'' (inaugurated in 1960 by the Salazar régime and celebrating Portugal's imperial past). There are also the ''Praça do Império'', a garden built during WorldWarII as part of the "Portuguese World Exhibit" (''Exposição do Mundo Português'') and the Belém Cultural Center (inaugurated 1993).

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* '''Belém''' (lit. ''Bethlehem''): from here the great Portuguese explorers set off on their voyages, such as Vasco da Gama to India in 1497 and Pedro Álvares Cabral to Brazil in 1499. In Belém there are some of the most important monuments and landmarks of Lisbon, such as the Belém National Palace (the royal residence before 1910 and now the official residence of the President of the Republic), the Ajuda National Palace, the Belém Tower (one of the international trademarks of Lisbon, along with the 25 de Abril bridge), the Jerónimos Monastery and the ''Padrão dos Descobrimentos'' (inaugurated in 1960 by the Salazar régime and celebrating Portugal's imperial past). There are also the ''Praça do Império'', a garden built during WorldWarII UsefulNotes/WorldWarII as part of the "Portuguese World Exhibit" (''Exposição do Mundo Português'') and the Belém Cultural Center (inaugurated 1993).


* The 2013 movie NightTrainToLisbon, starring Jeremy Irons and Mélanie Laurent, among other famous actors.

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* The 2013 movie NightTrainToLisbon, ''Film/NightTrainToLisbon'', starring Jeremy Irons and Mélanie Laurent, among other famous actors.


* The 2013 movie ''Night Train To Lisbon'', starring Jeremy Irons and Mélanie Laurent, among other famous actors.

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* The 2013 movie ''Night Train To Lisbon'', NightTrainToLisbon, starring Jeremy Irons and Mélanie Laurent, among other famous actors.


* In [[http://videos.sapo.pt/s6d42SN3qGzmH5izQFQR one episode]] of HowIMetYourMother, Marshall mentions to Barney that the Goliath National Bank (GNB) is making illegal experiments in the Lisbon water network and that the GNB can go to war with Portugal if their contracts are not well executed.

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* In [[http://videos.sapo.pt/s6d42SN3qGzmH5izQFQR one episode]] of HowIMetYourMother, ''Series/HowIMetYourMother'', Marshall mentions to Barney that the Goliath National Bank (GNB) is making illegal experiments in the Lisbon water network and that the GNB can go to war with Portugal if their contracts are not well executed.


* '''Alcântara''': since TheNineties, this area has become one of the most central areas of Lisbon, which attracts pubs and discos due to an outer layer of commercial buildings which act as barriers to the noise of the night to the residental buildings surrounding that layer, and is also gentrified, with lofts and other apartments, although it was once a quite peripheric area, at first attracting farms and palaces and, then, factores in the 19th century.
* '''Alfama''': the oldest and poorest part of Lisbon, spreading down the southern slope from the Castle of São Jorge to the Tagus river, during the Islamic period was the largest part of the city. Unlike other parts of the city, it was only minimally destroyed during the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, thanks to its compact labyrinth of narrow streets and small squares. It is a historical quarter of mixed-use buildings of homes with small shops, Fado bars and restaurants. Modernizing trends have invigorated the district: old houses have been re-purposed or remodelled, while new buildings have been constructed. Fado, the typically Portuguese-style of melancholy music, is common (but not obligatory) in the restaurants of the district.
* '''Bairro Alto''' (lit. ''upper quarter''): the heart of city's nightlife (even more so that Alcântara), it attracts the city's youth, is a multicultural mix of cultures and entertainment and attracts Lisbon's Punk, Gay, Metal, Goth, Hip Hop and Reggae scenes.

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* '''Alcântara''': since TheNineties, this area has become one of the most central areas of Lisbon, which attracts pubs and discos due to an outer layer of commercial buildings which act as barriers to the noise of the night to the residental buildings surrounding that layer, and is also gentrified, with lofts and other apartments, although it was once a quite peripheric area, at first attracting farms and palaces and, then, factores factories in the 19th century.
* '''Alfama''': the oldest and poorest part of Lisbon, spreading down the southern slope from the Castle of São Jorge to the Tagus river, during river. During the Islamic period it was the largest part of the city. Unlike other parts of the city, city and unlike others it was only minimally destroyed during the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, thanks to its compact labyrinth of narrow streets and small squares. It is a historical quarter of mixed-use buildings of homes with small shops, Fado bars and restaurants. Modernizing trends have invigorated the district: old houses have been re-purposed or remodelled, while new buildings have been constructed. Fado, the typically Portuguese-style of melancholy music, is common (but not obligatory) in the restaurants of the district.
* '''Bairro Alto''' (lit. ''upper quarter''): the heart of city's nightlife (even more so that Alcântara), it attracts the city's youth, is it's a multicultural mix of cultures and entertainment and attracts Lisbon's Punk, Gay, Metal, Goth, Hip Hop and Reggae scenes.



* '''Chiado''': Lisbon's traditional shopping area, where you can especially find books, garments, pottery and coffeeshops, especially ''A Brasileira'', famous for having FernandoPessoa as a regular patron. Was a victim of a fire in 1988, which greatly shocked Portugal, but it was renovated on a project that lasted more than ten years by celebrated architect Álvaro Siza Vieira.

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* '''Chiado''': Lisbon's traditional shopping area, where you can especially find books, garments, pottery and coffeeshops, especially ''A Brasileira'', famous for having FernandoPessoa as a regular patron. Was a It was victim of a fire in 1988, which greatly shocked Portugal, but it was renovated on a project that lasted more than ten years by celebrated architect Álvaro Siza Vieira.


* The 2013 movie ''Night Train To Lisbon'', starring Jeremy Irons and Mélanie Laurent, among other famous actors.

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* The 2013 movie ''Night Train To Lisbon'', starring Jeremy Irons and Mélanie Laurent, among other famous actors.actors.
* The ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedRogue'' is largely set in the Seven Years War, but a memorable interlude takes place there, showing the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake.


->"Lisboa menina e moça, menina/Da luz que meus olhos vêem tão pura/Teus seios são as colinas, varina/Pregão que me traz à porta, ternura/Cidade a ponto luz bordada/Toalha à beira mar estendida/Lisboa menina e moça, amada/Cidade mulher da minha vida"
-->-- [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RDRM2dJQDws ''Lisboa menina e moça'']], by Carlos do Carmo [[labelnote:translation]]"Lisbon, girl and maid, girl/From the light that my eyes see so pure/Your breasts are the hills, fishmonger/Cry that brings to my door, tenderness/City embroidered in ''ponto luz''/Towel extended at seaside/ Lisbon girl and maid, girl/City woman of my life"[[/labelnote]]

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->"Lisboa menina e moça, menina/Da luz que meus olhos vêem tão pura/Teus seios são as colinas, varina/Pregão que me traz à porta, ternura/Cidade a ponto luz bordada/Toalha à beira mar estendida/Lisboa menina e moça, amada/Cidade mulher da minha vida"
vida"[[labelnote:translation]]"Lisbon, girl and maid, girl/From the light that my eyes see so pure/Your breasts are the hills, fishmonger/Cry that brings to my door, tenderness/City embroidered in ''ponto luz''/Towel extended at seaside/ Lisbon girl and maid, girl/City woman of my life"[[/labelnote]]
-->-- [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RDRM2dJQDws ''Lisboa menina e moça'']], by Carlos do Carmo [[labelnote:translation]]"Lisbon, girl and maid, girl/From the light that my eyes see so pure/Your breasts are the hills, fishmonger/Cry that brings to my door, tenderness/City embroidered in ''ponto luz''/Towel extended at seaside/ Lisbon girl and maid, girl/City woman of my life"[[/labelnote]]
Carmo


** Note that the ''freguesia'' which corresponds to the Parque das Nações area was to be called ''Oriente'', which is still reflected in the name of its Metro station.

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** Note that the ''freguesia'' which corresponds to the Parque das Nações area was to be called ''Oriente'', which is still reflected in the name ArtifactTitle of its Metro station.



to:

** Note that the ''freguesia'' which corresponds to the Parque das Nações area was to be called ''Oriente'', which is still reflected in the name of its Metro station.

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