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Because the Gnostics had largely died off as a movement during the Middle Ages, there was no one to preserve their texts through reproduction, and many of their texts were lost through time. Until the 1950s, most of what was known about the Gnostic religion as it flourished in ancient times came from the writings of its detractors-such as St. Irenaeus of Lyons, who wrote a five-volume work ''Against Heresies'' in AD 180, explaining what the Gnostics believed and why it conflicted with Christianity. That is, until a remarkable event took place in the Egyptian desert. Two brothers digging for fertilizer in a cave on their way to avenge their father's murder discovered an earthenware jar that contained an ancient book. Before realizing its value, some of the text was used for kindling by the family, but they eventually realized its age and sold it to a collector in Cairo. The manuscripts were split up and traded all over the world. Amazingly, the recovered manuscript contained dozens of books written in Coptic that were still in legible condition. Take a look over here [[http://www.gnosis.org/naghamm/nhlcodex.html if you'd like to read English translations of the Coptic texts yourself.]] Standouts include:

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Because the Gnostics had largely died off as a movement during by the Middle Ages, there was no one to preserve their texts through reproduction, and many of their texts were lost through time. Until the 1950s, most of what was known about the Gnostic religion as it flourished in ancient times came from the writings of its detractors-such as St. Irenaeus of Lyons, who wrote a five-volume work ''Against Heresies'' in AD 180, explaining what the Gnostics believed and why it conflicted with Christianity. That is, until a remarkable event took place in the Egyptian desert. Two brothers digging for fertilizer in a cave on their way to avenge their father's murder discovered an earthenware jar that contained an ancient book. Before realizing its value, some of the text was used for kindling by the family, but they eventually realized its age and sold it to a collector in Cairo. The manuscripts were split up and traded all over the world. Amazingly, the recovered manuscript contained dozens of books written in Coptic that were still in legible condition. Take a look over here [[http://www.gnosis.org/naghamm/nhlcodex.html if you'd like to read English translations of the Coptic texts yourself.]] Standouts include:



A second-century sect that regarded [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_Magus Simon Magus]] (the supposedly EvilSorcerer that butted heads with St. Peter) as its founder. It is believed to have been a syncretic Jewish cult, originally built around John the Baptist, that turned towards Simon and Gnosticism when Christianity became the latest trend, creating in the process a philosophy similar to an earlier form of Valentinianism. They taught about a version of Sophia called Ennoia, a creation of God who had created many angels herself, only for them to rebel against her and create the world to imprison her. There she would have been forced to reincarnate in many female figures through history to receive cosmic SlutShaming until God himself descended in the form of Simon to save both her (incarnated in a human named Helena) and mankind.

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A second-century sect that regarded [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_Magus Simon Magus]] (the supposedly EvilSorcerer that butted heads with St. Peter) as its founder. It is believed to have been a syncretic Jewish cult, originally built around John the Baptist, that turned towards Simon and Gnosticism when Christianity became the latest trend, creating in the process a philosophy similar to an earlier form of Valentinianism. They taught about a version of Sophia called Ennoia, a creation of God who had created many angels herself, only for them to rebel against her and create the world to imprison her. There she would have been forced to reincarnate in many female figures through history to receive cosmic SlutShaming until God himself descended in the form of Simon to save both her (incarnated (then incarnated in a human named Helena) and mankind.



The other great classic Gnostic tradition, the Sethian school was contemporaneous to the Valentinian, Basilidean, and Marcionite, but it actually descended from older Hellenistic Jewish traditions that might have predated Christianity and Gnosticism themselves. Sethianism told a DarkerAndEdgier version of the classic story, portraying the Demiurge and his archons as eviler and more monstrous and downplaying Christ's role as savior of humanity in favor of Seth (Adamís third son) and Edenís serpent, who are agents of Sophia. Naassenes and Ophites, two smaller and weirder Gnostic sects that also venerated the serpent, are thought to be forms or offshoots of Sethianism.

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The other great classic Gnostic tradition, the Sethian school was contemporaneous to the Valentinian, Basilidean, and Marcionite, but it actually descended from older Hellenistic Jewish traditions that might have predated Christianity and Gnosticism themselves. Sethianism told a DarkerAndEdgier version of the classic story, portraying the Demiurge and his archons as eviler and more evil and monstrous and downplaying Christ's role as savior of humanity in favor of Seth (Adamís third son) and Edenís serpent, who are agents of Sophia. Naassenes and Ophites, two smaller and weirder Gnostic sects that also venerated the serpent, are thought to be forms or offshoots of Sethianism.



Founded in the 3rd century by Persian prophet [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mani_(prophet) Mani]] (216Ė274 AD), who was influenced by UsefulNotes/{{Zoroastrianism}} and possibly a former Valentinian named [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bardaisan Bardaisan]], Manichaeism was a wildly popular religion heavily influenced and based in Gnosticism along with the aforementioned Zoroastrianism as well as Christianity and even Buddhism. So much, in fact, that it covered from Rome to ''China'', contended with Christianity for the spiritual control of Asia Minor and the successor to paganism, and only disappeared when Christianity, Islam, and the Chinese religions ganged up on it from all sides. Its doctrine postulated humanity and the universe were created during a series of battles (or "creations", in a multiple sense) between God and Satan, who would have been actually two opposing and non-omnipotent twin deities. Manichaeans believed matter was mostly neutral instead of evil by itself, but it had been used by Satan to trap sparks of God's light in Adam and his sons, so Jesus Christ and Mani (as well as Zoroaster and Buddha) had been sent to teach them to get free through gnosis.

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Founded in the 3rd century by Persian prophet [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mani_(prophet) Mani]] (216Ė274 AD), who was influenced by UsefulNotes/{{Zoroastrianism}} and possibly a former Valentinian named [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bardaisan Bardaisan]], Manichaeism was a wildly popular religion heavily influenced by and based in Gnosticism along with the aforementioned Zoroastrianism as well as Christianity and even Buddhism. So much, popular, in fact, that it covered extended from Rome to ''China'', contended with Christianity for the spiritual control of Asia Minor and the status of successor to paganism, and only disappeared when Christianity, Islam, and the Chinese religions ganged up on it from all sides. Its doctrine postulated humanity and the universe were created during a series of battles (or "creations", in a multiple sense) between God and Satan, who would have been actually two opposing and non-omnipotent twin deities. Manichaeans believed matter was mostly neutral instead of evil by itself, but it had been used by Satan to trap sparks of God's light in Adam and his sons, so Jesus Christ and Mani (as well as Zoroaster and Buddha) had been sent to teach them to get free through gnosis.



* Series/{{Lost}}'s mythology and underlying metaphysics were heavily rooted in Gnosticism, but the show never drew any explicit parallels to it except for a brief glimpse of Creator/PhilipKDick's ''Literature/{{VALIS}}'', which also blended Gnostic spirituality and sci-fi. This came back to bite the writers, as it's [[ViewersAreGeniuses kind of necessary]] to understand the [[TrippyFinaleSyndrome finale]], especially the part about personal revelation (i.e. what meaning the characters and the audience bring to events) being more important than authorial dogma (the writers telling everyone what happened and shooting down all but one theory).
* {{Series/Babylon 5}} has Delenn of the Minbari stating that "we are the universe made conscious, splitting itself apart to understand itself." By this and what little else we learn, Minbari religion appears to be similar.
* The ''Franchise/StargateVerse'' delves into this increasingly as time goes on, with one of the key goals of the protagonists being to seek knowledge - riginally just scientific, but increasingly, spiritual too (though most of them are sceptics). Ascension beyond physical form is the end goal of most aware civilisations, primarily guided by Oma Desala (a Sophia-figure) and Ascension itself is indicated to be just the beginning of 'the Great Path'. Additionally, the villains are not only false gods, but even when they actually have the power to back it up (in the case of the Ori, ascended villains), they're depicted along the lines of the Gnostic interpretation of the God of the Old Testament.

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* Series/{{Lost}}'s ''Series/{{Lost}}'''s mythology and underlying metaphysics were heavily rooted in Gnosticism, but the show never drew any explicit parallels to it except for a brief glimpse of Creator/PhilipKDick's ''Literature/{{VALIS}}'', which also blended Gnostic spirituality and sci-fi. This came back to bite the writers, as it's [[ViewersAreGeniuses kind of necessary]] to understand the [[TrippyFinaleSyndrome finale]], especially the part about personal revelation (i.e. what meaning the characters and the audience bring to events) being more important than authorial dogma (the writers telling everyone what happened and shooting down all but one theory).
* {{Series/Babylon 5}} ''{{Series/Babylon 5}}'' has Delenn of the Minbari stating that "we are the universe made conscious, splitting itself apart to understand itself." By this and what little else we learn, Minbari religion appears to be similar.
* The ''Franchise/StargateVerse'' delves into this increasingly as time goes on, with one of the key goals of the protagonists being to seek knowledge - riginally originally just scientific, but increasingly, spiritual too (though most of them are sceptics). Ascension beyond physical form is the end goal of most aware civilisations, primarily guided by Oma Desala (a Sophia-figure) and Ascension itself is indicated to be just the beginning of 'the Great Path'. Additionally, the villains are not only false gods, but even when they actually have the power to back it up (in the case of the Ori, ascended villains), they're depicted along the lines of the Gnostic interpretation of the God of the Old Testament.
* ''Series/{{Dark}}'' invokes Gnostic ideas, especially in the thinking of Adam, the leader of TheConspiracy. He sees the material world, and specifically the StableTimeLoop in which he and others are trapped, as a prison to be escaped. Characters in the series often adopt a very dualistic, Dark vs. Light mentality (note the title!), and the names adopted by [[AdamAndOrEve Adam and his antagonist, Eve]] are clearly significant.

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* ''Literature/TheSalvationWar'' all but namedrops it. With God being a false deity that demands worship due to mistakenly believing himself the true God, and Humans needing to use knowledge (both scientific and moral/spiritual) acquired with some help from higher beings, one of them Jesus, to conquer both Heaven and Hell.


In comparison with other ancient religions, Gnosticism didn't permeate modern popular culture until relatively recently. When it did, it was largely thanks to one of the mentioned revivals, medieval Catharism, due to its role in some historical conspiration theories about Christianity (most notably Creator/DanBrown's ''Literature/TheDaVinciCode'' and the cultural phenom surrounding it). Additionally, some more or less popular pieces of fiction (like ''Franchise/TheMatrix'', Creator/PhilipKDick's works and some selected anime series) would include more essential Gnostic influences in order to achieve a certain philosophic premise. Otherwise, it remains a comparatively obscure historical curiosity.

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In comparison with other ancient religions, Gnosticism didn't permeate modern popular culture until relatively recently. When it did, it was largely thanks to one of the mentioned revivals, medieval Catharism, due to its role in some historical conspiration conspiracy theories about Christianity (most notably Creator/DanBrown's ''Literature/TheDaVinciCode'' and the cultural phenom phenomenon surrounding it). Additionally, some more or less popular pieces of fiction (like ''Franchise/TheMatrix'', Creator/PhilipKDick's works and some selected anime series) would include more essential Gnostic influences in order to achieve a certain philosophic premise. Otherwise, it remains a comparatively obscure historical curiosity.


* A few elements of this are in ''VideoGame/MakaiToshiSaGa'', featuring a Demiurge (The Creator) who created the world the heroes live in, apparently is from a higher dimension, and has archons (Ashura & his minions) who spread evil amongst the world ForTheEvulz. It's nowhere near as heavy as several ''Final Fantasy'' series (see below)

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* A few elements of this are in ''VideoGame/MakaiToshiSaGa'', ''VideoGame/TheFinalFantasyLegend'', featuring a Demiurge (The Creator) who created the world the heroes live in, apparently is from a higher dimension, and has archons (Ashura & his minions) who spread evil amongst the world ForTheEvulz. It's nowhere near as heavy as several ''Final Fantasy'' series (see below)


* On the other hand, there ''is'' evil in the Gnostic universe. From the matter that solidified out of Sophia's divine power, a false god (the "bad" one) was born, known as the Demiurge or Yaldabaoth, the Gnostic equivalent of [[Franchise/CthulhuMythos Azathoth]]. The Demiurge then creates the physical universe, which is isolated from the higher dimensions above and elects himself as its ruler. He's accompanied by a myriad of created servants called the Archons, which are identified as the angels and demons of the Old Testament. Some sects specify the archons are actually only six and are rulers of six celestial bodies, with the Demiurge being the seventh and ruling the Earth.

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* On the other hand, there ''is'' evil in the Gnostic universe. From the matter that solidified out of Sophia's divine power, a false god (the "bad" one) was born, known as the Demiurge or Yaldabaoth, the Gnostic equivalent of [[Franchise/CthulhuMythos Azathoth]].Azathoth]] (though it can be argued the Plemora/Monad is more of the benevolent Azathoth and the Demiurge is more like Yog Sototh). The Demiurge then creates the physical universe, which is isolated from the higher dimensions above and elects himself as its ruler. He's accompanied by a myriad of created servants called the Archons, which are identified as the angels and demons of the Old Testament. Some sects specify the archons are actually only six and are rulers of six celestial bodies, with the Demiurge being the seventh and ruling the Earth.


The first Gnostic revival movement in the Middle Ages was Bogomilism was created in the 10th century Bulgary (probably influenced by Paulicianism and Marcionism) as a current of both political and religious anarchism, which was finally eradicated in the 13th century by both the Pope and the Ottoman Empire. It was followed by Catharism (from Greek "pure", although it seems they called themselves "Good Men" or "Good Christians" rather than any other title), the second great Gnostic revival school, came to Southern Europe in the 12th century from Bogomilian roots. Cathars became highly influential in France and amassed a fair amount of wealth, castles, and prestige, which eventually made the Catholic Church [[TallPoppySyndrome feel threatened]]. So, the usual campaign of book burning and priest killing was embarked upon with the usual devastating consequences. Still, the legacy of Catharism lived on, turning through centuries into a fountain of legends and (pseudo)historical theories.

to:

The first Gnostic revival movement in the Middle Ages was Bogomilism was created in the 10th century Bulgary Bulgaria (probably influenced by Paulicianism and Marcionism) as a current of both political and religious anarchism, which was finally eradicated in the 13th century by both the Pope and the Ottoman Empire. It was followed by Catharism (from Greek "pure", although it seems they called themselves "Good Men" or "Good Christians" rather than any other title), the second great Gnostic revival school, came to Southern Europe in the 12th century from Bogomilian roots. Cathars became highly influential in France and amassed a fair amount of wealth, castles, and prestige, which eventually made the Catholic Church [[TallPoppySyndrome feel threatened]]. So, the usual campaign of book burning and priest killing was embarked upon with the usual devastating consequences. Still, the legacy of Catharism lived on, turning through centuries into a fountain of legends and (pseudo)historical theories.


* There's only a way to escape the material world and return to the Pleroma, and it is ''gnosis'', that is, a specialized form of experiential knowledge that comes to a human being when they recognize the universe as being a prison. Gnosis usually entails both demonstrating love and compassion and striving to escape from materialism.

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* There's only a one way to escape the material world and return to the Pleroma, and it is ''gnosis'', that is, a specialized form of experiential knowledge that comes to a human being when they recognize the universe as being a prison. Gnosis usually entails both demonstrating love and compassion and striving to escape from materialism.


Many recent works, especially those of a {{postmodern}}ist and [[UsefulNotes/{{Existentialism}} existentialist]] bent, reflect Gnostic influences (whether unconsciously or intentional). Characteristic, though not always, of the Gnostic worldview are vast (and often contradictory) cosmologies, uncertainty, unreliable narrators, and the value of personal interpretation. Protagonists slowly come to the realization that the world is not quite what it seems--they are privy to secret, inside information about reality. Due to the reliance on personal revelation implicit in Gnosticism, it is not surprising when multiple narratives tell the same story without quite lining up. Reason is presented as but one tool that humans can use to understand the world, but logical reasoning is not the whole truth. Examples may range from containing some elements/influences to outright endorsement/promotion. These include:

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Many recent works, especially those of a {{postmodern}}ist and [[UsefulNotes/{{Existentialism}} existentialist]] bent, reflect Gnostic influences (whether unconsciously or intentional). Characteristic, though not always, of the Gnostic worldview are vast (and often contradictory) cosmologies, uncertainty, unreliable narrators, and the value of personal interpretation. Protagonists slowly come to the realization that the world is not quite what it seems--they seems -- they are privy to secret, inside information about reality. Due to the reliance on personal revelation implicit in Gnosticism, it is not surprising when multiple narratives tell the same story without quite lining up. Reason is presented as but one tool that humans can use to understand the world, but logical reasoning is not the whole truth. Examples may range from containing some elements/influences to outright endorsement/promotion. These include:



* According to Creator/GeorgeRRMartin, the faith of R'hllor in ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'' is partly based on Catharism. Indeed, a select few traits line with Cathar beliefs, like theological dualism and the belief that the physical world is essentially hell. However, their overall belief system is fundamentally opposite to Cathar teachings: whereas the Cathars believed in fundamental human free will, asceticism and the rejection of meaningless ritual, the faith of the Red God is all about preaching how people are its slaves, uses sexual rituals randomly and is so utterly dogmatic that it makes the medieval Catholic Church that the Cathars opposed look tame in comparison. Combined with the fact that R'hllor's title is "Lord of Flame And Shadow" (how the Demiurge is described in the ''Pistis Sophia''), if anything this religion is to Cathar beliefs what Satanism is to mainstream Christianity.

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* According to Creator/GeorgeRRMartin, the faith of R'hllor in ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'' is partly based on Catharism. Indeed, a select few traits line with Cathar beliefs, like theological dualism and the belief that the physical world is essentially hell. However, their overall belief system is fundamentally opposite to Cathar teachings: whereas the Cathars believed in fundamental human free will, asceticism and the rejection of meaningless ritual, the faith of the Red God is all about preaching how people are its slaves, uses sexual rituals randomly and is so utterly dogmatic that it makes the medieval Catholic Church that the Cathars opposed look tame in comparison. Combined Combining this with the fact that R'hllor's title is "Lord of Flame And Shadow" (how the Demiurge is described in the ''Pistis Sophia''), if anything this religion is to Cathar beliefs what Satanism is to mainstream Christianity.



* ''Literature/HisDarkMaterials'': ([[spoiler:the universe is, in a sense, self-aware; the Authority and, later, the Regent are demiurges]])

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* ''Literature/HisDarkMaterials'': ([[spoiler:the [[spoiler:The universe is, in a sense, self-aware; the Authority and, later, the Regent are demiurges]])demiurges]].



** It might be useful to point out that while the Wachowskis have ushered Gnosticism into the public consciousness through the underlying philosophical discussions in their films [[note]] with said discussion reaching into the fundamental ideology of Gnosticism and debating the arguments for and against the probable nature of reality, the delineation of the borders of reality, and playing with the idea of the demiurge and assessing sentient beings as contributors to the formation of an imperfect consensus reality[[/note]], Dan Brown has raised awareness of Gnosticism by flinging the term around so liberally in such a vague and arbitrary manner in his books that it drove most of his readers to look it up on Wiki/TheOtherWiki... where most of them found two things: 1) Gnosticism is incredibly detailed, ancient, and so deep and involving that you can spend days on a WikiWalk just scratching the surface, and 2) Creator/DanBrown has a very bad habit of CompletelyMissingThePoint when it comes to secular and philosophical ideology.

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** It might be useful to point out that while the Wachowskis have ushered Gnosticism into the public consciousness through the underlying philosophical discussions in their films [[note]] with [[note]]with said discussion reaching into the fundamental ideology of Gnosticism and debating the arguments for and against the probable nature of reality, the delineation of the borders of reality, and playing with the idea of the demiurge and assessing sentient beings as contributors to the formation of an imperfect consensus reality[[/note]], Dan Brown has raised awareness of Gnosticism by flinging the term around so liberally in such a vague and arbitrary manner in his books that it drove most of his readers to look it up on Wiki/TheOtherWiki... where most of them found two things: 1) Gnosticism is incredibly detailed, ancient, and so deep and involving that you can spend days on a WikiWalk just scratching the surface, and 2) Creator/DanBrown has a very bad habit of CompletelyMissingThePoint when it comes to secular and philosophical ideology.



* {{Series/Babylon5}} has Delenn of the Minbari, stating that "we are the universe made conscious, splitting itself apart to understand itself." By this and what little else we learn, Minbari religion appears to be similar.

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* {{Series/Babylon5}} {{Series/Babylon 5}} has Delenn of the Minbari, Minbari stating that "we are the universe made conscious, splitting itself apart to understand itself." By this and what little else we learn, Minbari religion appears to be similar.



* ''TabletopGame/{{KULT}}''

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* ''TabletopGame/{{KULT}}''''TabletopGame/{{KULT}}'' is largely built on a gnostic-style cosmology.



* ''[[http://www.vajraenterprises.com/new/?p=44 In Dark Alleys]]'' from [[http://www.vajraenterprises.com/ Vajra Enterprises]]. ''In Dark Alleys'' has several philosophies in the history of unpopular ideas section. Animism, Buddhism, Platonism, Neoplatonism, Gnosticism, Descartian Skepticism, Sadism, Marxism, Nihilism, Freudian Psychoanalysis, Surrealism, Existentialism, Jungian Psychology, Punk, Paglian Feminism, and Postmodernism.
** In fact, the whole setting is very gnostic, with the material world being a prison used to keep humans from realizing the god-like potential.

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* ''[[http://www.vajraenterprises.com/new/?p=44 In Dark Alleys]]'' from [[http://www.vajraenterprises.com/ Vajra Enterprises]]. ''In Dark Alleys'' Enterprises]] has several philosophies in the history of unpopular ideas section. Animism, Buddhism, Platonism, Neoplatonism, Gnosticism, Descartian Skepticism, Sadism, Marxism, Nihilism, Freudian Psychoanalysis, Surrealism, Existentialism, Jungian Psychology, Punk, Paglian Feminism, and Postmodernism. \n** In fact, the whole setting is very gnostic, with the material world being a prison used to keep humans from realizing the their god-like potential.


* [[OurElvesAreBetter Elven]] (especially Altmeri/High Elven) religious beliefs in ''Franchise/TheElderScrolls'' universe take a lot from Gnostic beliefs, specifically the belief that elvenkind is trapped in a world made by Lorkhan, a demiurge-like figure that tricked the [[{{Precursors}} divine ancestors of the elves]] into giving up their divinity and trapped them in material mortal forms. The fact that Lorkhan is also the "[[FeelingOppressedByTheirExistence God of Man]]" means that a lot of elves [[FantasticRacism do not like humans]].

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* [[OurElvesAreBetter [[OurElvesAreDifferent Elven]] (especially Altmeri/High Elven) religious beliefs in ''Franchise/TheElderScrolls'' universe take a lot from Gnostic beliefs, specifically the belief that elvenkind is trapped in a world made by Lorkhan, a demiurge-like figure that tricked the [[{{Precursors}} divine ancestors of the elves]] into giving up their divinity and trapped them in material mortal forms. The fact that Lorkhan is also the "[[FeelingOppressedByTheirExistence God of Man]]" means that a lot of elves [[FantasticRacism do not like humans]].


* ''VideoGame/CrusaderKingsII'' features Bogomilism and Catharism as heretical breakaway sects of Eastern Orthodoxy and Catholicism, respectively. The latter is notable for the fact that female characters can be appointed as priests and bishops. With some skilled maneuvering, a player can [[AlternateHistory make them major religious denominations in Medieval Europe.]]
** ''VideoGame/CrusaderKingsIII'' offers a wider selection of Gnostic teachings, including the original late Antiquity sects of Valentinianism and Sethianism, to be revived. Reflecting the syncretic nature of Gnosticism, some of the Gnostic faiths belong to the Christian family (Cathars, Bogomils and Paulicians), some to the Islamic family (the Druze) and some to their own family called Dualist (Manichaeanism, Mandaeism, Sethianism, Valentinianism). But they all share the Gnosticism tenet that makes them recognize each other across religious families as righteous.

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* ''VideoGame/CrusaderKingsII'' features Bogomilism and Catharism as heretical breakaway sects of Eastern Orthodoxy and Catholicism, respectively. The respectively, the latter is notable for the fact that female characters can be appointed as priests and bishops.bishops. Zoroastrism also has Manicheism as a "heresy". With some skilled maneuvering, a player can [[AlternateHistory make them major religious denominations in Medieval Europe.]]
** ''VideoGame/CrusaderKingsIII'' offers a wider selection of Gnostic teachings, including the original late Antiquity sects of Valentinianism and Sethianism, to be revived. Reflecting the syncretic nature of Gnosticism, some of the Gnostic faiths belong to the Christian family (Cathars, Bogomils and Paulicians), some to the Islamic family (the Druze) and some to their own family called Dualist (Manichaeanism, Mandaeism, Sethianism, Valentinianism). But they all share the Gnosticism tenet tenet, which you can even place in your own custom religion, that makes them recognize each other across religious families as righteous.



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** ''VideoGame/CrusaderKingsIII'' offers a wider selection of Gnostic teachings, including the original late Antiquity sects of Valentinianism and Sethianism, to be revived. Reflecting the syncretic nature of Gnosticism, some of the Gnostic faiths belong to the Christian family (Cathars, Bogomils and Paulicians), some to the Islamic family (the Druze) and some to their own family called Dualist (Manichaeanism, Mandaeism, Sethianism, Valentinianism). But they all share the Gnosticism tenet that makes them recognize each other across religious families as righteous.


* CampbellCountry / EldritchLocation: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_significance_of_Jerusalem Jerusalem]] !

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* CampbellCountry / EldritchLocation: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_significance_of_Jerusalem Jerusalem]] !


!!!Bogomil
The first Gnostic revival movement in the Middle Ages, Bogomilism was created in the 10th century Bulgary (probably influenced by Paulicianism and Marcionism) as a current of both political and religious anarchism. According to their doctrine, God had two sons, Sataniel and Michael; the former revolted and created the material world, enslaving mankind there and founding the Abrahamic religions out of arrogance, while the latter adopted the role of Jesus and came to the world to teach humans the way to escape. Bogomils were deeply social, rejecting any religious hierarchy beyond the rank of teacher and any temple beyond the human body, which meant it was their duty to travel far and wide to heal the sick and propagate their doctrine. Bogomilism was finally eradicated in the 13th century by both the Pope and the Ottoman Empire.

!!!Cathar
Catharism (from Greek "pure", although it seems they called themselves "Good Men" or "Good Christians" rather than any other title), the second great Gnostic revival school, came to Southern Europe in the 12th century from the Byzantine Empire, where Bogomilian influences were still hot. Their beliefs were basically a re-Christianized, more zealous version of Paulicianism, the main difference being that they considered only through vows of asceticism and celibacy one could escape the world (if not, they would just reincarnate over and over upon dying). Cathars became highly influential in France and amassed a fair amount of wealth, castles, and prestige, which eventually made the Catholic Church feel threatened by [[TallPoppySyndrome making them look bad]]. So, the usual campaign of book burning and priest killing was embarked upon with the usual devastating consequences. Still, the legacy of Catharism lived on, turning through centuries into a fountain of legends and (pseudo)historical theories.

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!!!Bogomil
!!![[UsefulNotes/TheCathars Catharism and medieval revivals]]
The first Gnostic revival movement in the Middle Ages, Ages was Bogomilism was created in the 10th century Bulgary (probably influenced by Paulicianism and Marcionism) as a current of both political and religious anarchism. According to their doctrine, God had two sons, Sataniel and Michael; the former revolted and created the material world, enslaving mankind there and founding the Abrahamic religions out of arrogance, while the latter adopted the role of Jesus and came to the world to teach humans the way to escape. Bogomils were deeply social, rejecting any religious hierarchy beyond the rank of teacher and any temple beyond the human body, anarchism, which meant it was their duty to travel far and wide to heal the sick and propagate their doctrine. Bogomilism was finally eradicated in the 13th century by both the Pope and the Ottoman Empire.

!!!Cathar
Empire. It was followed by Catharism (from Greek "pure", although it seems they called themselves "Good Men" or "Good Christians" rather than any other title), the second great Gnostic revival school, came to Southern Europe in the 12th century from the Byzantine Empire, where Bogomilian influences were still hot. Their beliefs were basically a re-Christianized, more zealous version of Paulicianism, the main difference being that they considered only through vows of asceticism and celibacy one could escape the world (if not, they would just reincarnate over and over upon dying). roots. Cathars became highly influential in France and amassed a fair amount of wealth, castles, and prestige, which eventually made the Catholic Church feel threatened by [[TallPoppySyndrome making them look bad]].feel threatened]]. So, the usual campaign of book burning and priest killing was embarked upon with the usual devastating consequences. Still, the legacy of Catharism lived on, turning through centuries into a fountain of legends and (pseudo)historical theories.


* ''Franchise/ShinMegamiTensei'' -- pick a game, any game, either from the main series or the spin-off series ''Franchise/ShinMegamiTenseiPersona'', and you'll find at least some Gnostic themes.

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* ''Franchise/ShinMegamiTensei'' -- pick a game, any game, either from the main series or the spin-off series ''Franchise/ShinMegamiTenseiPersona'', ''Franchise/{{Persona}}'', and you'll find at least some Gnostic themes.

Added DiffLines:

** ''VideoGame/XenobladeChronicles2'' adds [[spoiler: the Architect, who is basically the real God to Zanza's Demiurge, as they're the good and evil halves of who they originally started out as.]]

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