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->The flag is almost visually similar to that of UsefulNotes/{{Romania}}, except the blue stripe is indigo (in contrast to Romania's cobalt blue). Blue stands for the sky, hope and water; yellow for the sun and the desert; and red for progress, sacrifice and unity.

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->The flag is almost visually similar to that of UsefulNotes/{{Romania}}, except the blue stripe is indigo (in contrast to Romania's cobalt blue). Blue stands for the sky, hope and water; yellow for the sun and the desert; and red for progress, sacrifice and unity.unity.
----
[[AC:Government]]
* Unitary presidential constitutional republic
** President: Idriss Déby
** President of Parliament: Haroun Kabadi


The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country are a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the origin and getaway location of some serial killers in an episode of ''Series/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.

to:

The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country are a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the origin and getaway location of some serial killers in an episode a series of episodes of ''Series/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.


The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country are a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the getaway location for some serial killers in an episode of ''Series/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.

to:

The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country are a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the origin and getaway location for of some serial killers in an episode of ''Series/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.


The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country are a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the getaway location for some bank robbers/bombers in an episode of ''Series/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.

to:

The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country are a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the getaway location for some bank robbers/bombers serial killers in an episode of ''Series/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.


The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country are a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the getaway location for some bank robbers in an episode of ''Series/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.

to:

The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country are a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the getaway location for some bank robbers robbers/bombers in an episode of ''Series/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.


The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country are a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the getaway location for some criminals in an episode of ''Series/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.

to:

The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country are a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the getaway location for some criminals bank robbers in an episode of ''Series/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.


The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country is in a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the getaway location for some criminals in an episode of ''Series/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.

to:

The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country is in are a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the getaway location for some criminals in an episode of ''Series/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.


The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country is in a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the getaway location for some criminals in an episode of ''LiveActionTV/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.

to:

The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, two of the only western mentions of the country is in a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the getaway location for some criminals in an episode of ''LiveActionTV/CriminalMinds''.''Series/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.


The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, one of the only western mentions of the country is in a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.

to:

The country doesn’t receive much publicity and not many people are aware of the critical conditions going on in it; neighboring countries like Sudan or Libya tend to focus all the international attention. In fact, one two of the only western mentions of the country is in a throwaway gag in ''Film/CatsAndDogs''.''Film/CatsAndDogs'', and the getaway location for some criminals in an episode of ''LiveActionTV/CriminalMinds''. As for the video games, the situation is only marginally better, as Chad appears several times in the ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' series (as a campaign in ''1'', ''2'' and ''Xtreme''). The country itself has a slow film industry as a result of the war and the lack of cinemas (turns out there’s only ''one''). Some Chadian films, however, managed to reach the western audience - for example, ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daratt Daratt]]''.


Chad ('''French:''' ''Tchad''; '''Arabic:''' ''تشاد‎ Tšād''), officially known as the Republic of Chad ('''French:''' ''République du Tchad''; '''Arabic:''' ''جمهورية تشاد, Ǧumhūriyyat Tšādis'') is a country located at the center of Africa. By area, it is the largest landlocked country outside of Asia.

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Chad ('''French:''' ''Tchad''; '''Arabic:''' ''تشاد‎ Tšād''), officially known as the Republic of Chad ('''French:''' ''République du Tchad''; '''Arabic:''' ''جمهورية تشاد, Ǧumhūriyyat Tšādis'') is a Central African country located at the center middle of Africa.the continent. By area, it is the largest landlocked country outside of Asia.


The country's topography is diverse. It can roughly be divided into three major areas: the Sahara in the north, the arid Sahelian savanna in the middle, and the tree-covered savanna of Sudan (not to be confused with the country of UsefulNotes/{{Sudan}}) in the south. N'Djamena, the capital, is located in the Sahel, on the border with UsefulNotes/{{Cameroon}} and just a few hundred kilometers from Lake Chad, which gave the country its name. There are important cultural and religious differences between the people of these regions: the Sahara and Sahel are both mainly Muslim, while the Sudan is mainly Christian. This is because the north has witnessed the rise and fall of organized states since the 8th century, while the south was uniformly tribal land until the 19th century, when Christian Europeans arrived and started proselyting among the pagans.

The Kanem state appeared in the 8th century around the Lake Chad region, assimilating and displacing the Sao, the oldest civilization in the region. Originally, it revolved around nomadic tribes who escaped the continued desertification of the Sahara, but eventually a settled society revolving around the Kanuri people emerged in the 11th century. The Kanuri are Muslims and largely responsible for the Islamization of central and northern Chad. During its largest extent, it extended into parts of UsefulNotes/{{Niger}}, UsefulNotes/{{Nigeria}}, UsefulNotes/{{Cameroon}}, and even all the way north to the Fezzan region of UsefulNotes/{{Libya}}. The empire mainly engaged in salt and slave trading with the established powers of North Africa. During the Late Middle Ages, a fragmentation occurred after the arrival of eastern peoples, which pushed the Kanem beyond Lake Chad into northeastern Nigeria, where it renamed itself the Bornu Empire. Although it eventually managed to retake its old dominion, the Bornu centered itself in Nigeria for the rest of its life. Meanwhile, the weakening of the Kanem allowed others to fill the void, including the Baguirmi, which occupied the Kanem's former lands, and Wadai, originally an offshoot of the Darfur kingdoms in UsefulNotes/{{Sudan}} and centered on the eastern city of Abéché.

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The country's topography is diverse. It can roughly be divided into three major areas: the Sahara in the north, the arid Sahelian savanna in the middle, and the tree-covered savanna of Sudan (not to be confused with the country of UsefulNotes/{{Sudan}}) in the south. N'Djamena, the capital, is located in the Sahel, on the border with UsefulNotes/{{Cameroon}} and just a few hundred kilometers from Lake Chad, which gave the country its name. There are important cultural and religious differences between the people of these regions: the Sahara and Sahel are both mainly Muslim, while the Sudan is mainly Christian. This is because the north has witnessed been witnessing the rise and fall of organized states since the 8th century, while the south was uniformly tribal land until the 19th century, when Christian Europeans arrived and started proselyting among the pagans.

The Kanem state appeared in the 8th century around the Lake Chad region, assimilating and displacing the Sao, the oldest civilization in the region. Originally, it revolved around nomadic tribes who escaped the continued desertification of the Sahara, but eventually a settled society revolving around the Kanuri people emerged in the 11th century. The Kanuri are Muslims and largely responsible for the Islamization of central and northern Chad. During its largest extent, it extended into parts of UsefulNotes/{{Niger}}, UsefulNotes/{{Nigeria}}, UsefulNotes/{{Cameroon}}, Cameroon, and even all the way north to the Fezzan region of UsefulNotes/{{Libya}}. The empire mainly engaged in salt and slave trading with the established powers of North Africa. During the Late Middle Ages, a fragmentation occurred after the arrival of eastern peoples, which pushed the Kanem beyond Lake Chad into northeastern Nigeria, where it renamed itself the Bornu Empire. Although it eventually managed to retake its old dominion, the Bornu centered itself in Nigeria for the rest of its life. Meanwhile, the weakening of the Kanem allowed others to fill the void, including the Baguirmi, which occupied the Kanem's former lands, and Wadai, originally an offshoot of the Darfur kingdoms in UsefulNotes/{{Sudan}} and centered on the eastern city of Abéché.



The country achieved independence in 1960, [[HappyEndingOverride only to saw decades of wars after that]]. The French mandate had unified ethnic groups who had little in common with each other, resulting in continual disputes among themselves. From independence until the 1990s, there was literally no let-up of conflict between the various factions; each time one of the groups managed to hold control of the capital (and, de facto, the country), the other groups started revolting to try to topple the actual group in power. This is not helped by the fact that the leaders in power were [[ItsAllAboutMe power-hungry and prioritized themselves]], resulting in discontentment even among the ordinary people. The war also saw the involvement of foreign countries, including France and Libya, who, as mentioned above, wanted to claim the Aozou Strip. Libya's dictator, UsefulNotes/MuammarGaddafi, supported the FROLINAT[[note]]Front de libération nationale du Tchad, "National Liberation Front of Chad"[[/note]], the main Chadian rebel group, which later split into a Libyan-supported faction and a Western-supported faction. Gaddafi's relentless meddling, however, eventually led to both factions, as well as the Chadian government to [[EnemyMine band together and eject him]]. The matter was finally solved when the International Court of Justice decided in 1994 that the Strip belongs to Chad. During this period, the balance of power shifted from the south to north, with the presidents being all Muslim since 1979.

The ascendancy of Idriss Déby as a president backed by most of the country's factions as well as the West in 1990 brought a semblance of peace to the war-torn country. [[LongRunner Déby still occupies the post today]]. His regime saw the spillover of the War in Darfur, bringing Darfur refugees and causing ethnic conflict from 2005 to 2010. Chad accused Sudan of backing rebels to try to undermine the government, while Sudan in turn also accused Chad of flaming the Darfur war. Peace was restored after both countries agreed to cease supporting the rebels, although the issues of refugees still linger.

As a consequence of the things previously mentioned, Chad is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Chad Lake Chad]], a vital source of water for the region not only of Chad, but also its neighbors Nigeria, Cameroon and Niger, is known for its many size fluctuations throughout history. Unfortunately, between 1963 to 1998, it had been shrinking at an alarmingly fast rate (nowadays the water is only present in Chad and Cameroon). It has been declared an ecological catastrophe by the Food and Agriculture Organization, since it’s not only worsening the drought that seems to threaten the region, but also putting in danger the flora and fauna of the place. However, according to satellite images taken in 2007, the lake's regular period of nadir seems to have ended and it is slowly growing in size again.

to:

The country achieved independence in 1960, [[HappyEndingOverride only to saw see decades of wars after that]]. The French mandate had unified ethnic groups who had little in common with each other, resulting in continual disputes among themselves. From independence until the 1990s, there was literally no let-up of conflict between the various factions; each time one of the groups managed to hold control of the capital (and, de facto, the country), the other groups started revolting to try to topple the actual group in power. This is not helped by the fact that the leaders in power were [[ItsAllAboutMe power-hungry and prioritized themselves]], resulting in discontentment even among the ordinary people. The war also saw the involvement of foreign countries, including France and Libya, who, as mentioned above, wanted to claim the Aozou Strip. Libya's dictator, UsefulNotes/MuammarGaddafi, supported the FROLINAT[[note]]Front de libération nationale du Tchad, "National Liberation Front of Chad"[[/note]], the main Chadian rebel group, which later split into a Libyan-supported faction and a Western-supported faction. Gaddafi's relentless meddling, however, eventually led to both factions, as well as the Chadian government to [[EnemyMine band together and eject him]]. The matter was finally solved when the International Court of Justice decided in 1994 that the Strip belongs to Chad. During this period, the balance of power shifted from the south to north, with the presidents being all Muslim since 1979.

The ascendancy of Idriss Déby as a president backed by most of the country's factions as well as the West in 1990 brought a semblance of peace to the war-torn country. [[LongRunner Déby still occupies the post today]]. His regime saw the spillover of the War in Darfur, bringing Darfur refugees and causing ethnic conflict from 2005 to 2010. Chad accused Sudan of backing rebels to try to undermine the government, while Sudan in turn also accused Chad of flaming the Darfur war. Peace was restored after both countries agreed to cease supporting the rebels, although the issues of refugees still linger.

As a consequence
linger. Another problem came in the TheNewTens with the rise of the Boko Haram, a jihadist group based in Nigeria's Borno state. During its height of power, Chad lost a small portion of the Lac region to the militants, who by then had occupied a cross-border area the size of UsefulNotes/{{Belgium}}. This prompted the creation of a multinational task force which conducted a massive operation in Lake Chad throughout 2015, ending with the militants being forced to retreat to Nigeria's Sambisa Forest. Sporadic attacks still haunt the country, especially since late 2018, when Boko Haram and its splinter group, an affiliate of Islamic State, made a resurgence in Borno.

Chad has a substantial amount of crude oil, which is the country's main export. Unfortunately, because of decades of mismanagement, neglect, and pervasive corruption, virtually nobody except for the upper echelons enjoy these riches (unlike, say, Libya, which despite all
things previously mentioned, Chad considered is one of fairly prosperous). It is among the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world. world and its HDI is near the world's bottom according to the United Nations. The economy is overwhelmingly dominated by agriculture and a half of the population live below the poverty line.

[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Chad Lake Chad]], a vital source of water for the region not only of Chad, but also its neighbors Nigeria, Cameroon and Niger, is known for its many size fluctuations throughout history. Unfortunately, between 1963 to 1998, it had been shrinking at an alarmingly fast rate (nowadays the water is only present in Chad and Cameroon). It has been declared an ecological catastrophe by the Food and Agriculture Organization, since it’s not only worsening the drought that seems to threaten the region, but also putting in danger the flora and fauna of the place. However, according to satellite images taken in 2007, the lake's regular period of nadir seems to have ended and it is slowly growing in size again.


Located right between the north and center of Africa, Chad ('''French:''' ''Tchad''; '''Arabic:''' ''تشاد‎ Tšād''), officially known as the Republic of Chad ('''French:''' ''République du Tchad''; '''Arabic:''' ''جمهورية تشاد, Ǧumhūriyyat Tšādis'') is a diverse Central African country; in the north is the Sahara desert, in the middle is the Sahel region, and in the south are the Sudanian Savannas. It has more than 200 ethnic groups and the main religion is Islam Sufi, followed by Christianity.

It used to be a French colony, governed in a completely unorganized way; since the zone was seen only as a source of slaves and cotton, it was almost ignored by the administration and, save for the south, had to content itself with the dregs of other regions under French control.

The country went independent in 1960, but has been in [[ForeverWar an eternal wave of civil wars]] since then. The deplorable French mandate, plus all the ethnic groups fighting for power, resulted in continuing disputes amongst themselves: each time one of the groups manages to hold control of the capital (and, de facto, the country), the other groups start another civil war to try to topple the actual group in power. Just to spice things up, once in a while external groups decide to join the civil wars, like France in TheEighties, Libya (which ended in a complete disaster for [[UsefulNotes/MuammarGaddafi Gaddafi]], since the government got the support of almost all the warring factions to expel the Libyans from their country) and, more recently, the war in Darfur has spilled over to the eastern region, causing an influx of Sudanese immigrants.

As a consequence of the things previously mentioned, Chad is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world. Despite being an economic and social basketcase, it still managed to beat Libya in a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libya-Chad_conflict nearly decade-long war]].

[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Chad Lake Chad]], a vital source of water for the region not only of Chad, but also its neighbors Nigeria, Cameroon and Niger, is known for its many size fluctuations throughout history. Unfortunately, between 1963 to 1998, it had been shrinking at an alarmingly fast rate (as you can see on the map, nowadays the water is only present in Chad and Cameroon). It has been declared an ecological catastrophe by the FAO, since it’s not only worsening the drought that seems to threaten the region, but also putting in danger the flora and fauna of the place. However, according to satellite images taken in 2007, the lake's regular period of nadir seems to have ended and it is slowly growing in size again.

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Located right between the north and center of Africa, Chad ('''French:''' ''Tchad''; '''Arabic:''' ''تشاد‎ Tšād''), officially known as the Republic of Chad ('''French:''' ''République du Tchad''; '''Arabic:''' ''جمهورية تشاد, Ǧumhūriyyat Tšādis'') is a diverse Central African country; in country located at the north center of Africa. By area, it is the largest landlocked country outside of Asia.

The country's topography is diverse. It can roughly be divided into three major areas:
the Sahara desert, in the middle is north, the arid Sahelian savanna in the middle, and the tree-covered savanna of Sudan (not to be confused with the country of UsefulNotes/{{Sudan}}) in the south. N'Djamena, the capital, is located in the Sahel, on the border with UsefulNotes/{{Cameroon}} and just a few hundred kilometers from Lake Chad, which gave the country its name. There are important cultural and religious differences between the people of these regions: the Sahara and Sahel region, are both mainly Muslim, while the Sudan is mainly Christian. This is because the north has witnessed the rise and in fall of organized states since the 8th century, while the south was uniformly tribal land until the 19th century, when Christian Europeans arrived and started proselyting among the pagans.

The Kanem state appeared in the 8th century around the Lake Chad region, assimilating and displacing the Sao, the oldest civilization in the region. Originally, it revolved around nomadic tribes who escaped the continued desertification of the Sahara, but eventually a settled society revolving around the Kanuri people emerged in the 11th century. The Kanuri
are Muslims and largely responsible for the Sudanian Savannas. It has more than 200 ethnic groups Islamization of central and northern Chad. During its largest extent, it extended into parts of UsefulNotes/{{Niger}}, UsefulNotes/{{Nigeria}}, UsefulNotes/{{Cameroon}}, and even all the way north to the Fezzan region of UsefulNotes/{{Libya}}. The empire mainly engaged in salt and slave trading with the established powers of North Africa. During the Late Middle Ages, a fragmentation occurred after the arrival of eastern peoples, which pushed the Kanem beyond Lake Chad into northeastern Nigeria, where it renamed itself the Bornu Empire. Although it eventually managed to retake its old dominion, the Bornu centered itself in Nigeria for the rest of its life. Meanwhile, the weakening of the Kanem allowed others to fill the void, including the Baguirmi, which occupied the Kanem's former lands, and Wadai, originally an offshoot of the Darfur kingdoms in UsefulNotes/{{Sudan}} and centered on the eastern city of Abéché.

In the late 19th century, Central Africa was the site of the campaign of Rabih az-Zubayr, an ex-Egyptian soldier from Khartoum. He conquered Darfur, Chad, Bornu,
and the main religion is Islam Sufi, followed basin of Ubangui River (present-day UsefulNotes/CentralAfricanRepublic) before being defeated by Christianity.

It used
UsefulNotes/{{France}} at the turn of the century. Except for Bornu, which went to be a UsefulNotes/{{Britain}}, France absorbed all of his lands into its empire, extending the French Equatorial Africa colony, which was headquartered in Brazzaville, UsefulNotes/RepublicOfTheCongo. Unlike the southern colonies, Chad was governed in a completely unorganized way; way, since the zone it was seen only as a source of slaves and cotton, it and was almost ignored by the administration and, save administration. Among the French military and bureaucracy, [[PlaceWorseThanDeath being sent to govern Chad was seen as a punishment]]. The tribal land of the south was the only region where French presence was visible and underwent major modernization compared to the center or the north and produced many French-educated upper class. This factors in to the internal divide that characterizes the politics of post-independence Chad. France also indirectly set a precedent for a conflict when, as reward for its participation in UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, it gave Italian Libya the Aozou Strip, a piece of Saharan land said to contain uranium deposits. Though both colonial powers never ratified the treaty, it became the basis for Libya's claim to the land years after independence. During UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, Chad was one of the few French colonies whose government supported the rebels after the fall of Paris, making it an important Allies headquarters for the south, had to content itself with the dregs of other regions under French control.

North African campaign.

The country went independent achieved independence in 1960, but has been in [[ForeverWar an eternal wave [[HappyEndingOverride only to saw decades of civil wars]] since then. wars after that]]. The deplorable French mandate, plus all the mandate had unified ethnic groups fighting for power, resulted who had little in continuing common with each other, resulting in continual disputes amongst themselves: among themselves. From independence until the 1990s, there was literally no let-up of conflict between the various factions; each time one of the groups manages managed to hold control of the capital (and, de facto, the country), the other groups start another civil war started revolting to try to topple the actual group in power. Just to spice things up, once in a while external groups decide to join This is not helped by the civil wars, like fact that the leaders in power were [[ItsAllAboutMe power-hungry and prioritized themselves]], resulting in discontentment even among the ordinary people. The war also saw the involvement of foreign countries, including France in TheEighties, Libya (which ended in a complete disaster for [[UsefulNotes/MuammarGaddafi Gaddafi]], since and Libya, who, as mentioned above, wanted to claim the Aozou Strip. Libya's dictator, UsefulNotes/MuammarGaddafi, supported the FROLINAT[[note]]Front de libération nationale du Tchad, "National Liberation Front of Chad"[[/note]], the main Chadian rebel group, which later split into a Libyan-supported faction and a Western-supported faction. Gaddafi's relentless meddling, however, eventually led to both factions, as well as the Chadian government got to [[EnemyMine band together and eject him]]. The matter was finally solved when the support International Court of almost Justice decided in 1994 that the Strip belongs to Chad. During this period, the balance of power shifted from the south to north, with the presidents being all Muslim since 1979.

The ascendancy of Idriss Déby as a president backed by most of
the warring country's factions to expel as well as the Libyans from their country) and, more recently, West in 1990 brought a semblance of peace to the war war-torn country. [[LongRunner Déby still occupies the post today]]. His regime saw the spillover of the War in Darfur, bringing Darfur has spilled over to the eastern region, refugees and causing an influx ethnic conflict from 2005 to 2010. Chad accused Sudan of Sudanese immigrants.

backing rebels to try to undermine the government, while Sudan in turn also accused Chad of flaming the Darfur war. Peace was restored after both countries agreed to cease supporting the rebels, although the issues of refugees still linger.

As a consequence of the things previously mentioned, Chad is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world. Despite being an economic and social basketcase, it still managed to beat Libya in a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libya-Chad_conflict nearly decade-long war]].

[[http://en.
wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Chad Lake Chad]], a vital source of water for the region not only of Chad, but also its neighbors Nigeria, Cameroon and Niger, is known for its many size fluctuations throughout history. Unfortunately, between 1963 to 1998, it had been shrinking at an alarmingly fast rate (as you can see on the map, nowadays (nowadays the water is only present in Chad and Cameroon). It has been declared an ecological catastrophe by the FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization, since it’s not only worsening the drought that seems to threaten the region, but also putting in danger the flora and fauna of the place. However, according to satellite images taken in 2007, the lake's regular period of nadir seems to have ended and it is slowly growing in size again.



Compare [[LongList the depressingly large]] number of impoverished, failing African nations, such as UsefulNotes/{{Somalia}} and UsefulNotes/{{Niger}}. Compare/Contrast the UsefulNotes/DemocraticRepublicOfTheCongo, which is essentially the same scenario in a resource-rich country.




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\n* ''VideoGame/DeltaForce'' 1 and ''2'' along with ''Xtreme'' have several missions in Chad.



* {{Professional Wrestl|ing}}er Jaka, known for his work in Wrestling/{{CHIKARA}}, is billed from Chad. In contrast to past "African" wrestlers such as [[Wrestling/AbdullahTheButcher "The Madman From The Sudan" Abdullah The Butcher]][[note]]Larry Paul Shreve from Windsor, Ontario, UsefulNotes/{{Canada}}[[/note]] and [[Wrestling/{{Kamala}} Kamala The Ugandan Giant]][[note]]James Harper Harris from Senatobia, Mississippi, USA[[/note]], he's actually talkative.


to:

* {{Professional Wrestl|ing}}er Jaka, Wrestling/{{Jaka}}, known for his work in Wrestling/{{CHIKARA}}, is billed from Chad. In contrast to past "African" wrestlers such as [[Wrestling/AbdullahTheButcher "The Madman From The Sudan" Abdullah The Butcher]][[note]]Larry Paul Shreve from Windsor, Ontario, UsefulNotes/{{Canada}}[[/note]] and [[Wrestling/{{Kamala}} Kamala The Ugandan Giant]][[note]]James Harper Harris from Senatobia, Mississippi, USA[[/note]], he's actually talkative.

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