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There are many claims to the various parts of the country made by the likes of Britain, Argentina, Australia, Chile, etc. The current "government" of the continent is run by what is known as the Antarctic Treaty which was signed in 1959. The treaty [[{{Pun}} freezes]] all the territorial claims on the continent while setting it aside as a scientific reserve. It also bans all military activities on the continent, effectively making Antarctica a neutral country of sorts. And yes, the United States did sign this one, although 'reserving' the right to make a claim later if it feels like it. Right now it's just research stations. Still, it's nice to know that not bombing the place was worth the Antarctic Treaty System (there's a bunch now) being in general one of the first arms control treaties of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar.

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There are many claims to the various parts of the country made by the likes of Britain, Argentina, United Kingdom, France, Norway, Australia, Chile, etc.New Zealand, Argentina and Chile. The current "government" of the continent is run by what is known as the Antarctic Treaty which was signed in 1959. The treaty [[{{Pun}} freezes]] all the territorial claims on the continent while setting it aside as a scientific reserve. It also bans all military activities on the continent, effectively making Antarctica a neutral country of sorts. And yes, the United States did sign this one, although 'reserving' the right to make a claim later if it feels like it. Right now it's just research stations. Still, it's nice to know that not bombing the place was worth the Antarctic Treaty System (there's a bunch now) being in general one of the first arms control treaties of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar.


Another minor issue is the 'ozone hole'. In the mid-1980s, scientists noticed that the ozone layer over the south polar region would get very thin during springtime (for the southern hemisphere). This was traced to some man-made chemicals, usually called [='CFCs'=], for 'chlorofluorocarbons'. Most people finally figured out that atmospheric ozone is useful, and stopped making these. [[GaiasLament Fortunately]], there seems to be signs that the [[ClimateChange ozone layer]] is [[InvertedTrope repairing itself]] in the absence of [=CFCs=].

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Another minor issue is the 'ozone hole'. In the mid-1980s, scientists noticed that the ozone layer over the south polar region would get very thin during springtime (for the southern hemisphere). This was traced to some man-made chemicals, usually called [='CFCs'=], for 'chlorofluorocarbons'. Most people finally figured out that atmospheric ozone is useful, and stopped making these. [[GaiasLament Fortunately]], there seems to be signs that the [[ClimateChange [[GlobalWarming ozone layer]] is [[InvertedTrope repairing itself]] in the absence of [=CFCs=].


* ''Film/TheGreatWhiteSilence'', a 1924 documentary about the tragic Terra Nova expedition to the South Pole, in which explorer Robert Scott and four of his men lost 1) the race to the South Pole, beaten by Roald Amundsen, and 2) their lives, in the way back

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* ''Film/TheGreatWhiteSilence'', a 1924 documentary about the tragic Terra Nova expedition to the South Pole, in which explorer Robert Scott and four of his men lost 1) the race to the South Pole, beaten by Roald Amundsen, and 2) their lives, in on the way back




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* ''Whiteout'', 2009 film adaptation of the Greg Rucka comic book (see above), starring Creator/KateBeckinsale

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* ''Film/TheSecretLand'' is a 1948 film about a U.S. Navy expedition to Antarctica and the South Pole. This expedition is famous for the discovery of the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bunger_Hills Bunger Hills]], a coastal region that is free of ice year-round, for reasons scientists still don't understand.


->True South has quickly seen greater use among those directly involved with the continent than Bartram's design, usurping his design as the "most official" Antarctic flag proposal yet. It has formally adopted by various National Antarctic Programs, Antarctic nonprofits, and expedition teams, and been flown at over a dozen research stations across Antarctica along with several other locations on all the other continents.\\\

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->True South has quickly seen greater use among those directly involved with the continent than Bartram's design, usurping his design as the "most official" Antarctic flag proposal yet. It has been formally adopted by various National Antarctic Programs, Antarctic nonprofits, and expedition teams, and been flown at over a dozen research stations across Antarctica along with several other locations on all the other continents.\\\


[[AC:Flag of the Antarctic Treaty Secretariat]]

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[[AC:Flag [[AC:Emblem of the Antarctic Treaty Secretariat]]Treaty]]



->There was no official flag of the continent prior to 2002, although there have been various proposed designs including [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Proposed_flag_of_Antarctica_(Graham_Bartram).svg this popular one]] by British vexillologist Graham Bartram (which is used as the representative emoji for "Flag for Antarctica", 🇦🇶),[[note]]Windows and certain other unsupported users will only see an AQ.[[/note]] who used the colors of the flag of the United Nations for his rendition. The flag you see here was officially adopted by the members of the Antarctic Treaty System in 2002, and today stands as the official symbol of the continent. See also Wiki/{{Wikipedia}}'s [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flags_of_Antarctica article on Flags of Antarctica.]]

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->There was is no official flag of the continent prior as the condominium that governs the continent has yet to 2002, although there formally select one. The "flag" you see here is the emblem of the Antarctic Treaty System, officially adopted by its members in 2002. Although used as a flag for the Treaty, it is ''not'' the official symbol of the continent itself.\\\
There
have been various proposed designs including [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Proposed_flag_of_Antarctica_(Graham_Bartram).svg this popular one]] by British vexillologist Graham Bartram (which is used as the representative emoji for "Flag for Antarctica", 🇦🇶),[[note]]Windows and certain other unsupported users will only see an AQ.[[/note]] who used the colors of the flag of the United Nations for his rendition. The \\\
During the austral winter of 2018, a science support contractor at a research station created a new design for an Antarctic
flag you see here was officially adopted by called [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:True_South_Antarctic_Flag.svg "True South".]] Its design's meaning:
-->''Horizontal stripes of navy and white represent
the members long days and nights at Antarctica's extreme latitude. In the center, a lone white peak erupts from a field of snow and ice, echoing those of the bergs, mountains, and pressure ridges that define the Antarctic Treaty System in 2002, horizon. The long shadow it casts forms the unmistakable shape of a compass arrow pointed south, an homage to the continent's legacy of exploration. Together, the two center shapes create a diamond, symbolizing the hope that Antarctica will continue to be a center of peace, discovery, and today stands cooperation for generations to come.''

->True South has quickly seen greater use among those directly involved with the continent than Bartram's design, usurping his design
as the official symbol of "most official" Antarctic flag proposal yet. It has formally adopted by various National Antarctic Programs, Antarctic nonprofits, and expedition teams, and been flown at over a dozen research stations across Antarctica along with several other locations on all the continent. other continents.\\\
See also Wiki/{{Wikipedia}}'s [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flags_of_Antarctica article on Flags of Antarctica.]]

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* ''Scott of the Antarctic'', a 1948 film about the Robert F. Scott expedition, starring Creator/JohnMills as Scott


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* ''Series/TheLastPlaceOnEarth'', a 1985 miniseries about the Scott and Amundsen expeditions to the South Pole, one which takes a much more skeptical attitude towards Robert F. Scott than prior media.


* ''Film/TheGreatWhiteSilence'', a 1924 documentary about the tragic Terra Nova expedition to the South Pole, in which explorer Robert Scott and four of his men lost 1) the race to the South Pole, beaten by Roald Amundsen, and 2) their lives, in the way back




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* ''Film/{{Shackleton}}'', a 2002 TV movie starring Creator/KennethBranagh about Ernest Shackleton's very eventful Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914-1916
* ''South'', possibly the first feature-length documentary ever, a 1919 film about the Shackleton expedition

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* ''Literature/AtTheMountainsOfMadness'' is one of the most well-known stories set in Antartica and one of the TropeCodifier for MysteriousAntarctica.

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[[AC:Literature]]
* ''Literature/WhoGoesThere'', along with its [[TheFilmOfTheBook film adaptations]], ''Film/TheThing1982'' and ''Film/TheThing2011'', are science fiction horror stories set in Antarctica. ''Film/TheThingFromAnotherWorld'', however, is set in the Artic Circle[=/=]North Pole.


* ''ComicBook/{{Whiteout}}, Creator/GregRucka's first comic, is about a female U.S. Marshal investigating Antarctica's first murder.

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* ''ComicBook/{{Whiteout}}, ''ComicBook/{{Whiteout}}'', Creator/GregRucka's first comic, is about a female U.S. Marshal investigating Antarctica's first murder.

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[[AC:Comic Books]]
*''ComicBook/{{Whiteout}}, Creator/GregRucka's first comic, is about a female U.S. Marshal investigating Antarctica's first murder.


[[AC:Anime & Manga]]
* ''Anime/APlaceFurtherThanTheUniverse'' tells the story of Shirase Kobuchizawa's attempt to reach the continent to discover what happened to her MissingMom. It also details the trials and tribulations of the friends who accompany her there, all of whom have their own reasons for wanting to travel to Antarctica.





[[AC:The Flag of the Antarctic Treaty]]

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[[AC:The Flag [[AC:Flag of the Antarctic Treaty]]Treaty Secretariat]]

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* ''VideoGame/DeusExInvisibleWar'' has JC Denton's sanctuary located in Antarctica.

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