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So given all of this, one can see how long time fans might [[{{Macekre}} have issues with dubs]], if for no other reason than in the past, many were so far from what they were supposed to be. This is completely disregarding the fact that some early dubbing wasn't as well matched to the mouth-flaps as they are now. So while there are many dubbed anime which are excellent, especially recently as more dubbing companies are getting good at it and are listening to the fans cries for staying original to the source material, and some few jewels are even considered on par or ''[[SugarWiki/SuperlativeDubbing better]]'' than the original, many fans swear by watching anime with subtitles. It's really up to you to decide which you like better, just keep your mind open.

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So given all of this, one can see how long time fans might [[{{Macekre}} have issues with dubs]], if for no other reason than in the past, many were so far from what they were supposed to be. This is completely disregarding the fact that some early dubbing wasn't as well matched to the mouth-flaps as they are now. So while there are many dubbed anime which are excellent, especially recently as more dubbing companies are getting good at it and are listening to the fans fans' cries for staying original authenticity to the source material, and some few jewels are even considered on par or ''[[SugarWiki/SuperlativeDubbing better]]'' than the original, many fans swear by watching anime with subtitles. It's really up to you to decide which you like better, just keep your mind open.


* {{Sentai}}: A team of fighters with matching uniforms and crazy poses and attack speeches. Think ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers'' and you'll know exactly what this genre is, except animated.

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* {{Sentai}}: A team of fighters with matching uniforms and crazy poses and attack speeches. Think ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers'' and you'll know exactly what this genre is, except animated.The TropeCodifier is the live-action franchise ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' (adapted as ''Franchise/PowerRangers'').



* MagicalGirl: A cute young girl, often a preteen, can use some form of magic, and she uses it to fight evil against great odds. There's more to it than that but you get the gist. Exemplified by ''Franchise/SailorMoon'' and ''Manga/CardcaptorSakura''. There are also 3 common sub-genres:

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* MagicalGirl: A cute young girl, often a preteen, can use some form of magic, and receives a secret power which she uses it to fight evil against great odds.do good deeds. There's more to it than that but you get the gist. Exemplified by ''Franchise/SailorMoon'' and ''Manga/CardcaptorSakura''. There are also 3 common sub-genres:



** the MagicIdolSinger, who is either a girl who defeats crime via things like MagicMusic or uses her magic to ''become'' an idol
** the MagicalGirlWarrior, which sometimes incorporates elements of {{Sentai}}, where the story is about the protagonist(s) defeating evil with magic and action in a SuperHero style tale; MagicalGirlWarrior series like the aforementioned ''Franchise/SailorMoon'' are the most known in the west

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** the MagicIdolSinger, who is either a girl who defeats crime solves problems via things like MagicMusic or uses her magic to ''become'' an idol
** the MagicalGirlWarrior, which sometimes incorporates elements of {{Sentai}}, where the story is about the protagonist(s) defeating evil with magic and action in a SuperHero style tale; MagicalGirlWarrior series like the aforementioned ''Franchise/SailorMoon'' are the most known in the westWest



* ''(name)-kun'': Used to address young boys, and very occasionally girls, if one wants to eliminate gender from the equation.
* ''(name)-chan'': Used for young children, animals or very close friends and girlfriends or boyfriends. It shows affection and friendship or closeness.

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* ''(name)-kun'': More friendly and familiar than ''-san'', but still more "proper" than using no honorific at all. Used to address juniors and subordinates, and sometimes between peers (especially when both speakers are men). Very often used when addressing young boys, and very occasionally girls, if one wants to eliminate gender from the equation.
boys.
* ''(name)-chan'': Affectionate and sometimes cutesy. Used for young children, animals or very children and animals, as well as close friends and girlfriends or boyfriends. It shows affection and friendship or closeness.romantic partners.



* ''(name)-sama'': Pretty much the equivalent of 'lord', it's extremely respectful and used to address gods, nobility or just someone you revere above all others. More common in historical-based works, unless it's used jokingly, but in very strict Japanese house holds it is still common to adress the parents and older siblings this way. Also see the OneeSama trope, which typically has a SchoolGirlLesbians bend when it's not an actual older sister.

to:

* ''(name)-sama'': Pretty much the equivalent of 'lord', it's extremely respectful and used to address gods, nobility or just someone you revere above all others. and in some contexts customers. More common in historical-based works, unless it's used jokingly, but in very strict Japanese house holds it is still common to adress address the parents and older siblings this way. Also see the OneeSama trope, which typically has a SchoolGirlLesbians bend when it's not an actual older sister.


This isn't the place for a huge lesson on Japanese language, check out [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_language The Other Wiki]] for that, but there are some simple things to mention that will crop up in relation to Japanese language in Anime and Manga. For instance, Japanese has '''three''' writing systems, Kanji, Katakana and Hiragana, which have different purposes. Kanji in particular represent ideas which can be grouped together to form a word or concept. These Kanji don't always have a set pronunciation, or can be pronounced pretty much however someone wants to say they are despite established norms, so you can get people in Anime and Manga having to explain to others essentially how to {{spell|MyNameWithAnS}} or [[ItIsPronouncedTroPay pronounce]] their names a lot. Knowing Japanese is not at all necessary to enjoy anime, but knowing some (even just how to read hiragana and katakana) can be a benefit, since many anime works which are produced in Japan are never translated into English, and those that are often suffer from inferior quality to the original. This is the reason behind the ongoing SubbingVersusDubbing flamewar, which never seems to end.

to:

This isn't the place for a huge lesson on Japanese language, check out [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_language The Other Wiki]] for that, but there are some simple things to mention that will crop up in relation to Japanese language in Anime and Manga. For instance, Japanese has '''three''' writing systems, systems: Kanji, Katakana katakana and Hiragana, hiragana, which have different purposes. Kanji in particular represent ideas which can be grouped together to form a word or concept. These Kanji kanji don't always have a set pronunciation, or can be pronounced pretty much however someone wants to say they are despite established norms, so you can get people in Anime anime and Manga manga having to explain to others essentially how to {{spell|MyNameWithAnS}} or [[ItIsPronouncedTroPay pronounce]] their names a lot. Knowing Japanese is not at all necessary to enjoy anime, but knowing some (even just how to read hiragana and katakana) can be a benefit, since many anime benefit. Many works which are produced in Japan are never translated see translation into English, and those that are often suffer from inferior quality to opinions differ regarding the original.practice of dubbing. This is the reason behind the ongoing SubbingVersusDubbing flamewar, which never seems to end.


* '''Religion''': The main religion in Japan is Shinto, which is the native folk-religion. Many Japanese might be Buddhist, and while Christianity is certainly known of in Japan (hence [[AnimeCatholicism the large amount of Christian symbolism in anime]]), it's not particularly prevalent in terms of practitioners.
* '''Holidays''': Most Japanese celebrate Christmas but as a secular holiday (and they don't get off work or school!). There are also two Valentines Days, Valentines day on February 14th, where girls give boys chocolate, and White Day on March 14th, where boys give girls chocolate. Additional there is Golden Week, which kids get off of school for, and is essentially a festival for children.
* '''Schools''': In Japan, many schools hold classes 6 days a week (Monday through Saturday), and CramSchool, or extra study sessions after school and weekends, are widespread. The school year also ends and begins in the spring, in April, meaning summer vacation splits up the school year, and kids usually have summer homework.
* '''More School''': Another big thing is that where in America at least, middle school is two years (or three, counting sixth grade) and high school is four years, in Japan, Middle school and High school are both three years, Middle school including grades 7, 8 and 9, and high school including 10, 11 and 12. Kids also have to take an exam to graduate from Middle School and attend a High School.

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* '''Religion''': The main Japan's native religion in Japan is Shinto, which is the native folk-religion. Many a folk-religion with a wide pantheon. Buddhism also has a strong presence in Japan. In fact, many Japanese might consider themselves to be Buddhist, and while both Buddhist ''and'' Shinto; the concept has flummoxed more than one Westerner, but Japan's attitude toward religion lies beyond the scope of this article. Christianity is certainly known of in Japan Japan, thanks to its international prevalence, but is considered somewhat exotic in much the same way that Buddhism or other Eastern religions are in the Western world. This perceived exoticism makes Christian symbols and concepts seem cool and esoteric to many Japanese (hence [[AnimeCatholicism the large amount of Christian symbolism in anime]]), it's not particularly prevalent in terms of practitioners.
anime]]). It has very few adherents among Japanese citizens.
* '''Holidays''': Most Japanese celebrate Christmas but as a secular holiday (and they don't get off work or school!). school!), and it's generally done as a holiday for couples. There are also effectively two Valentines Days, Valentines day Valentine's Day. Regular Valentine's Day is celebrated on on February 14th, where girls give boys chocolate, and chocolate. Then there's White Day Day, celebrated on March 14th, where boys give girls chocolate. Additional Additionally, there is Golden Week, which kids get off of school for, and is essentially a festival for children.
* '''Schools''': In Japan, many schools hold classes 6 six days a week (Monday through Saturday), and Saturday). CramSchool, or extra study sessions after school and on weekends, are is widespread. The school year also both ends and begins in the spring, in April, April specifically, meaning summer vacation splits up the school year, and kids year. Students usually have summer homework.
* '''More School''': Another big thing is that where in America at least, middle school is two years (or three, counting three; sixth grade) grade is sometimes counted) and high school is four years, in Japan, Middle school and High school are both three years, years. Middle school including includes grades 7, 8 and 9, and while high school including covers grades 10, 11 and 12. Kids also have to take an exam to graduate from Middle School middle school, and attend apply to high schools on the strength of these exam scores. Getting into a High School.good high school is considered very important for going on to a good college. This pressure is responsible for high school being perhaps the most difficult part of a Japanese student's school life. College has been referred to as a "second childhood" for many students.


So remember, if you hear a character by the name of Akira being talked about, it's just as likely a male as a female. Likewise, a character named Tomoyo is going to be a girl while a Tomoya would be a boy. Also, there isn't a standard for Japanese-to-English romanization, so things can get a bit wonky when it crosses the sea. You'll want to see JapaneseRomanization for that. One big thing to know though it that the 'L' sound [[JapaneseRanguage doesn't exist in Japanese]], and will usually be replaced with an 'R' sound for non-Japanese names and words in original dialogue. It's how you get names like [[SpellMyNameWithAnS Rorand turning into Roland]] once it's translated.

to:

So remember, if you hear a character by the name of Akira being talked about, it's just as likely a male as a female. Likewise, a character named Tomoyo is going to be a girl while a Tomoya would be a boy. Also, there isn't a standard for Japanese-to-English romanization, so things can get a bit wonky when it crosses the sea. You'll want to see JapaneseRomanization UsefulNotes/JapaneseRomanization for that. One big thing to know though it that the 'L' sound [[JapaneseRanguage doesn't exist in Japanese]], and will usually be replaced with an 'R' sound for non-Japanese names and words in original dialogue. It's how you get names like [[SpellMyNameWithAnS Rorand turning into Roland]] once it's translated.


!JapaneseLanguage

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!JapaneseLanguage
!UsefulNotes/JapaneseLanguage


* They are read from right to left in the original format, which to westerners it would seem as if one was reading the book from back to front.

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* They are read from right to left in the original format, which to westerners many people outside of Japan it would seem as if one was reading the book from back to front.



Whereas Westerners use Mr., Mrs., Miss and ... well, that's about it, the Japanese have a pretty big list of honorifics which can be attached to names. More and more translators are leaving these untranslated these days, both because of the Western Audiences growing familiarity with them, and the desire for authenticity and preservation of meaning. You can read more on the actual page but here are the big five. With this list you can figure most things out.

to:

Whereas Westerners English speakers use Mr., Mrs., Miss and ... well, that's about it, the Japanese have a pretty big list of honorifics which can be attached to names. More and more translators are leaving these untranslated these days, both because of the Western Audiences growing familiarity with them, them internationally, and the desire for authenticity and preservation of meaning. You can read more on the actual page but here are the big five. With this list you can figure most things out.



There are also a number of other differences between the way Westerners use names and the Japanese do, for instance:

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There are also a number of other differences between the way Westerners use names and the cultural quirks of Japanese do, name and honorific usage, for instance:



* In the West we are used to names ending in 'o' being male while names ending in 'a' being female. This is a holdover from English's Latin roots, via French, in case anyone cares. This isn't very common in Japanese names though, and thinking that way can even be misleading.

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* In the West we are used to West, names ending in 'o' being are typically male while names ending in 'a' being are female. This is a holdover from English's Latin roots, via French, in case anyone cares. This isn't very common in Japanese names though, and thinking that way can even be misleading.



Believe it or not, it exists! The Japanese may have invented it, but they do not have a monopoly on the media. Manga-style comic books have been coming out of Korea, China and Taiwan for years now, though it's only recently that Westerners have become more aware of them. They are practically no different from Japanese manga, other than slight differences in culture and characters names. Manga in Korea is called {{Manhwa}}, and Chinese and Taiwanese manga is called {{Manhua}}. It's no coincidence that the names are more or less identical. Korean and Chinese manga is just as excellent as the Japanese, so it's highly suggested that one check them out. There are also various original western manga coming out, especially in America and France, not to mention the huge amount of amateur manga worldwide which is easily accessible through the internet.

to:

Believe it or not, it exists! The Japanese may have invented it, but they do not have a monopoly on the media. Manga-style comic books have been coming out of Korea, China and Taiwan for years now, though it's only recently that Westerners people outside of those regions have become more aware of them. They are practically no different from Japanese manga, other than slight differences in culture and characters names. Manga in Korea is called {{Manhwa}}, and Chinese and Taiwanese manga is called {{Manhua}}. It's no coincidence that the names are more or less identical. Korean and Chinese manga is just as excellent as the Japanese, so it's highly suggested that one check them out. There are also various original western manga coming out, especially in America and France, not to mention the huge amount of amateur manga worldwide which is easily accessible through the internet.


Basically an animated show or movie done the Japanese way, with their iconic style of art. While the West seems to be in UsefulNotes/TheDarkAgeOfAnimation, Anime for a long time flourished in Japan and even outside it. The situation has changed somewhat, due in part to the East Asian economic crisis, changing Western tastes, Japan's aging demographics, and its unique TV situation (six network channels; satellite channels have about 10% penetration and cable isn't even a thing; shows that don't have strong appeal for the after-school crowd can't pull competitive ratings and [[OtakuOClock air in the red-eye time slots]]). Don't go thinking [[AnimationAgeGhetto all cartoons are for kids]], because Anime, like its originator Manga, is marketed across all demographics, from young children all the way up to senior citizens and middle-aged business men. Conversely,[[AllAnimeIsNaughtyTentacles not all anime consists of naughty tentacles]]: the majority is age appropriate for the demographic and hentai, essentially explicit or pornographic anime, while it exists, does not make up the majority of works in the genre. Anime is similarly differentiated from Western cartoons in similar ways as manga is to comics:

to:

Basically an animated show or movie done the Japanese way, with their iconic style of art. While the West seems to be in UsefulNotes/TheDarkAgeOfAnimation, Anime for a long time flourished in Japan and even outside it. The situation has changed somewhat, due in part to the East Asian economic crisis, changing Western tastes, Japan's aging demographics, and its unique TV situation (six network channels; satellite channels have about 10% penetration and cable isn't even a thing; shows that don't have strong appeal for the after-school crowd can't pull competitive ratings and [[OtakuOClock air in the red-eye time slots]]). Don't go thinking [[AnimationAgeGhetto all cartoons are for kids]], because Anime, like its originator Manga, is marketed across all demographics, from young children all the way up to senior citizens and middle-aged business men. Conversely,[[AllAnimeIsNaughtyTentacles not all anime consists of naughty tentacles]]: the majority is age appropriate for the demographic and hentai, essentially explicit or pornographic anime, while it exists, does not make up the majority of works in the genre. [[note]]And not even all hentai is tentacles, either; most is vanilla, heterosexual porn. Tentacle hentai does exist, but it's a niche of a niche.[[/note]] Anime is similarly differentiated from Western cartoons in similar ways as manga is to comics:


* Western animation tends to have a higher frame rate then TV anime works, as anime is so prevalent that episodes need to be made quickly and on a budget, especially if they are trying to keep up with the manga. This means there's lot of anime out there which is [[TheyJustDidntCare relatively low quality]], in terms of animation. Frequent use of panning over stills and blatantly recycling animation are ways you'll see it. There's plenty of great animation as well, though.

to:

* Western animation tends to have a higher frame rate then TV anime works, as anime is so prevalent that episodes need to be made quickly and on a budget, especially if they are trying to keep up with the manga. This means there's lot of anime out there which is [[TheyJustDidntCare relatively low quality]], quality, in terms of animation. Frequent use of panning over stills and blatantly recycling animation are ways you'll see it. There's plenty of great animation as well, though.


Basically an animated show or movie done the Japanese way, with their iconic style of art. While the West seems to be in TheDarkAgeOfAnimation, Anime for a long time flourished in Japan and even outside it. The situation has changed somewhat, due in part to the East Asian economic crisis, changing Western tastes, Japan's aging demographics, and its unique TV situation (six network channels; satellite channels have about 10% penetration and cable isn't even a thing; shows that don't have strong appeal for the after-school crowd can't pull competitive ratings and [[OtakuOClock air in the red-eye time slots]]). Don't go thinking [[AnimationAgeGhetto all cartoons are for kids]], because Anime, like its originator Manga, is marketed across all demographics, from young children all the way up to senior citizens and middle-aged business men. Conversely,[[AllAnimeIsNaughtyTentacles not all anime consists of naughty tentacles]]: the majority is age appropriate for the demographic and hentai, essentially explicit or pornographic anime, while it exists, does not make up the majority of works in the genre. Anime is similarly differentiated from Western cartoons in similar ways as manga is to comics:

to:

Basically an animated show or movie done the Japanese way, with their iconic style of art. While the West seems to be in TheDarkAgeOfAnimation, UsefulNotes/TheDarkAgeOfAnimation, Anime for a long time flourished in Japan and even outside it. The situation has changed somewhat, due in part to the East Asian economic crisis, changing Western tastes, Japan's aging demographics, and its unique TV situation (six network channels; satellite channels have about 10% penetration and cable isn't even a thing; shows that don't have strong appeal for the after-school crowd can't pull competitive ratings and [[OtakuOClock air in the red-eye time slots]]). Don't go thinking [[AnimationAgeGhetto all cartoons are for kids]], because Anime, like its originator Manga, is marketed across all demographics, from young children all the way up to senior citizens and middle-aged business men. Conversely,[[AllAnimeIsNaughtyTentacles not all anime consists of naughty tentacles]]: the majority is age appropriate for the demographic and hentai, essentially explicit or pornographic anime, while it exists, does not make up the majority of works in the genre. Anime is similarly differentiated from Western cartoons in similar ways as manga is to comics:


!JapaneseHonorifics and UsefulNotes/NamesInJapanese.

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!JapaneseHonorifics !UsefulNotes/JapaneseHonorifics and UsefulNotes/NamesInJapanese.


Anime is somewhat of a different story. While there are Korean and Chinese anime, it's pretty much non-existent in the West, or even on the internet, so good luck with that. Anime's influence however has definitely been felt worldwide, and many animated works tend to be {{Animesque}}, or created with a similar style or in the spirit of Japanese animation (''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'', ''WesternAnimation/SamuraiJack'', ''MegasXLR'', etc.). While there isn't exactly anything Western that one could pin down and say ''is'' Western anime, ''WebAnimation/{{RWBY}}'' is the closest thing you can find.

to:

Anime is somewhat of a different story. While there are Korean and Chinese anime, it's pretty much non-existent in the West, or even on the internet, so good luck with that. Anime's influence however has definitely been felt worldwide, and many animated works tend to be {{Animesque}}, or created with a similar style or in the spirit of Japanese animation (''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'', ''WesternAnimation/SamuraiJack'', ''MegasXLR'', ''WesternAnimation/MegasXLR'', etc.). While there isn't exactly anything Western that one could pin down and say ''is'' Western anime, ''WebAnimation/{{RWBY}}'' is the closest thing you can find.


* ''(name)-sama'': Pretty much the equivalent of 'lord', it's extremely respectful and used to address gods, nobility or just someone you revere above all others. More common in historical-based works, unless it's used jokingly, but in very strict Japanese house holds it is still common to adress the parents and older siblings this way. Also see the OneeSame trope, which typically has a SchoolGirlLesbians bend when it's not an actual older sister.

to:

* ''(name)-sama'': Pretty much the equivalent of 'lord', it's extremely respectful and used to address gods, nobility or just someone you revere above all others. More common in historical-based works, unless it's used jokingly, but in very strict Japanese house holds it is still common to adress the parents and older siblings this way. Also see the OneeSame OneeSama trope, which typically has a SchoolGirlLesbians bend when it's not an actual older sister.


* '''Seinen''', despite being the older counterpart to Shonen, is in many ways vastly different. While many works still involve action, psychology and personal drama start coming into play. Plot and character interaction are more important, and there is a strong sense of DarkerAndEdgier. Conversely, there are those titles that are definitely holdovers from Shonen, just with sexier women, more romance, and explicit material with older protagonists. Hentai is also under the header of Seinen, and if you want yaoi that is actually written for and by gay men, as opposed to for and by women, then you'll want {{Bara}}, which is seinen.

to:

* '''Seinen''', despite being the older counterpart to Shonen, is in many ways vastly different. While many works still involve action, psychology and personal drama start coming into play. Plot and character interaction are more important, and there is a strong sense of DarkerAndEdgier. Conversely, there are those titles that are definitely holdovers from Shonen, just with sexier women, more romance, and explicit material with older protagonists. Hentai is also under the header of Seinen, and if you want yaoi that is actually written for and by gay men, as opposed to for and by women, then you'll want {{Bara}}, which is seinen.
seinen or OtokonokoGenre, which strictly involves more girly cross-dressing characters usually, but not always, engaging in [[invoked]] HoYay.



* ''(name)-sama'': Pretty much the equivalent of 'lord', it's extremely respectful and used to address gods, nobility or just someone you revere above all others. More common in historical-based works, unless it's used jokingly.

to:

* ''(name)-sama'': Pretty much the equivalent of 'lord', it's extremely respectful and used to address gods, nobility or just someone you revere above all others. More common in historical-based works, unless it's used jokingly.
jokingly, but in very strict Japanese house holds it is still common to adress the parents and older siblings this way. Also see the OneeSame trope, which typically has a SchoolGirlLesbians bend when it's not an actual older sister.


* {{Sentai}}: A team of fighters with matching uniforms and crazy poses and attack speeches. Think ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers'' and you'll know exactly what this genre, is but animated.

to:

* {{Sentai}}: A team of fighters with matching uniforms and crazy poses and attack speeches. Think ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers'' and you'll know exactly what this genre, is but genre is, except animated.



* MagicalGirl: A cute young girl, often a preteen, can use some form of magic, and she uses it to fight evil against great odds. There's more to it than that but you get the gist. Exemplified by ''Franchise/SailorMoon'' and ''Manga/CardcaptorSakura''.

to:

* MagicalGirl: A cute young girl, often a preteen, can use some form of magic, and she uses it to fight evil against great odds. There's more to it than that but you get the gist. Exemplified by ''Franchise/SailorMoon'' and ''Manga/CardcaptorSakura''. There are also 3 common sub-genres:
** the CuteWitch, who is an inherently magically gifted character
** the MagicIdolSinger, who is either a girl who defeats crime via things like MagicMusic or uses her magic to ''become'' an idol
** the MagicalGirlWarrior, which sometimes incorporates elements of {{Sentai}}, where the story is about the protagonist(s) defeating evil with magic and action in a SuperHero style tale; MagicalGirlWarrior series like the aforementioned ''Franchise/SailorMoon'' are the most known in the west



* {{Harem|Genre}}: In which a guy, who may or may not be deserving, is saddled with a veritable harem of girls who are fighting for his love. He may be ObliviousToLove or just not like any of them. Again though, HilarityEnsues.

to:

* {{Harem|Genre}}: In which a guy, guy (or more rarely a girl), who may or may not be deserving, is saddled with a veritable harem of boys and/or girls who are fighting for his the protagonists love. He (S)he may be ObliviousToLove or just not like any of them. Again though, HilarityEnsues.

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